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(Afterwards created Viscount Clanehoyc,) 



















W^x% Uolume, 







" The following MSS. are without name or date, but contain internal evidence of having been written 
" by a member of the Hamilton Family, about the latter end of the 17th century, and certainly prior to 
" the year 1703, in which the death of one of the family occurred, who is mentioned in them as being 
" alive at the time they were written. They were, therefore, composed almost contemporaneously 
"■with the celebrated Montgomery MSS. (written between the years 1698 and 1704), and with 
" which the narrative contained in them is intimately connected. The originals are in the possession 
" of the family of the late well-known Archibald Hamilton Rowan, Esq., of Killyleagh Castle, 
" County of Down, who entrusted them to their present Editor, in the year 1834, fo^ publication 
*' at some fature time, with a request that he would illustrate them with any observations he might 
*' consider necessary. The mass of valuable facts and documents which the Editor has since collected 
" for this purpose, and which, in the few leisure intervals of a busy professional life, he has been able 
" to connect with the MS., in the form of Notes, will best prove the manner in which he has fulfilled 
" the trust. We have great satisfaction in being made the medium of first communicating these 
'^' curious papers to the public in the pages of our Journal." — Ed. Ulst. Journ. of Archcsology. 

Such was the notice with which the first three chapters of the following Manuscripts, which 
appeared in the third and fifth volumes of the Ulster Journal of Archceology, were introduced by its 
Editor J and now that, in consequence of the discontinuance of that valuable periodical, the print- 
ing of the entire of the MSS. in one volume has been rendered necessary, it seems only proper 
that some further account should be given of the circumstances under which their pubHcation was 
undertaken by their present Editor, which he considers cannot be better done than by publishing 

yj Introduction. 

the following letter written to him on the subject by the late Mr. Hamilton Rowan, shortly before 
his death : — 

''Rathcoffey, 14th February, 1834. 
" My dear Lowry — ^The enclosed Manuscripts contain several historical anecdotes respecting my 
" family from the period of their settling in this country 5 together with some memorials of my own 
" life, down to my return from America, when I retired from public life, which w^ere drawn up by 
" me during my leisure moments for tlie entertainment of my family and friends, with no intention 
" of publication at tlie time, as you are already aware : but as I find that several writers have, per- 
" haps unintentionally, mistaken some facts which are fully explained in them, and drawn therefrom 
"unfavourable conclusions, I think it would not be doing myself justice to withhold them altogether 
" from the public. I have, therefore, been induced to request you to accept them, and undertake 
" the pubUcation of them at some future time, which I leave entirely to yourself, illustrating them 
" with any observations you may think are necessary, which, I have no doubt, from my knowledge 
" of your character, will be done impartially and fairly as I could wish, and I know you would not 
" undertake it on any other conditions. — I am your obliged and sincere friend, 

"Archibald Hamilton Rowan. 
" T. K. Lowr>', Esq." 

Notwithstanding Mr. Rowan's having so requested the present Editor to undertake the publi- 
cation of both the Hamilton MSS. and the memorials of his own life, at a future time, which he 
left altogether to himself, his daughter. Miss Rowan, was so anxious that the memoirs of her father 
should be published immediately after his death, that the present Editor, not being then able to 
undertake it, handed them over to Miss Rowan for tlie purpose of being edited by the late Rev. Dr. 
Drummond, who, in his introduction to the work, thus correctly states the circumstances under which 
he undertook it : — 

" Mr. Rowan, when his life was drawing near to its close, committed the MSS. to the care of 
" his young friend, Thomas Kennedy Lowry, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, accompanied with a letter 
" [copied above]. That Mr. Lowry, had he undertaken the task, would have executed it in a 


" manner as creditable to himself as accordant with Mr. Rowan's wishes^ no one who has the pleasure 
" of that gentleman's acquaintance will question. It appeared, however, from his correspondence 
*^ with Miss Rowan on the subject, after Mr. Rowan's death, that it might be a considerable time 
" before his professional duties would permit his making any great progress with the work ; and Miss 
^* Rowan having informed him that the Rev. Dr. Drummond, one of her father's most respected 
" friends, had expressed so much interest on the subject, that she was sure that, with Mr. Lowry's 
*■' approval, he would undertake the publication immediately, Mr. Lowry at once consented, at 
" tlie same time stating as his reason, that he conceived the trust reposed in him by Mr. Rowan [as 
" to the memoir of his life] would be much more effectually and better executed in the hands of 
" Dr. Drummond, than if he had himself attempted it. The Manuscripts [of it] were accord- 
" ingly placed in the hands of the present Editor, who, though he cannot accept Mr. Lowry's 
" compliment as his due, feels truly grateful for the courtesy and promptitude with which that 
" gentleman communicated witli him on the subject, and hopes that the task has been performed 
"so impartially and fairly as to meet Mr. Lowry's approval." 

Whilst bearing a willing testimony to the impartiality, fairness, and ability with which Dr. 
Drummond's Memoir of Mr. Rowan was executed, the present Editor thinks it right to add, that 
he has not abandoned the intention, should another edition be called for, of giving to the public, 
from the copy of it which he retained, what may be more strictly called the Autobiography of 
Hamilton Rowan, than the Memoir of him published as such by Dr. Drummond, under Miss 
Rowan's directions. 

The Hamilton MSS., which form the subject of the present volume, being a work of an en- 
tirely different character from the Autobiography of Mr. Rowan, and necessarily requiring a great 
deal of time for their proper annotation, the Editor has held over tlieir publication until it suited 
his entire convenience. The result of his labours is now given to the public, with what success it 
is not for him to anticipate. The MSS. themselves were in some places very much obliterated ; 
but the Editor preferred printing them in their imperfect condition, rather than attempting to re- 
store them. As above stated by the Editor of the Ulster Journal of Archceology , the narrative con- 
tained in them, which breaks off in the year 1689, is intimately connected with that of the Mont- 

yiij Introduction. 

gomery MSS., and would appear to have been written almost at the same time with them, by a 
member of the Hamilton family. Who that person was, does not distinctly appear ; but, as stated 
in the note, at p. 145 of the \\ork, the Editor has come to the conclusion, from the internal evidence. 
con-aiued in the MSS. themselves, that it was Mr. William Hamilton, of Edinburgh, a nephew 
of the first Lord Claneboye, and known in the family as " Secretary Hamilton,"* who was their 
author. He died about the year 17 12, at KilHleagh Castle, where he had settled some years 
before, having come to this country at the request of his eldest brother, "James of Neilsbrook," to 
assist him in the htigation then pending for the division of the Clanbrassil estates, in consideration of 
which he made over to him and his brother Gawen a moiety of his share of them. In an intro- 
ductoiy memoir to tlie Caldwell Papers, printed at Glasgow in 1854, and referred to at p. 3, post, it 
is stated tliat the same William Hamilton had consigned or bequeathed to his relatives in Scotland, 
the Mures of Glanderstone, sev^eral bundles of letters and miscellaneous papers, which once formed 
part of his collection, and were then in the Caldwell repositories, from which that volume had been 
printed. But the MSS. printed in this volume appear to have remained among the family papers 
at Killileagh Castle from his death, and so to have come into the possession of his grand-nephew, 
the late Mr. Rowan, by whom they were intrusted for publication to the present Editor, who, 
after having had them copied for the printer, has restored the original MSS. to Mr. Rowan's re- 
presentatives for sate custody. 

Ballytrim-House, Killileagh, 
nth Fdruary, 1867. 

a Among the letters referred to at p. 145, post, there is one from Ja : Ferguson, dated at Edinburgh, 19th May, 1692, and addressed 
' Foe Master William Hamilton, SecreUry Department for the Kingdom of Scotland, Whitehall." 


' Qth Judges, 19th v. — If i/e then have dealt truly and sincerely with Jerulhaal and with his house 
this day, then rejoice ye in Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in you : — 20th v. — But if not, 8fc. — 

CHAP. I . 

Op the Eev. Hans Hamiltok, op Dxtnlop." 
* * * * * 

that in * * ^. * 

should be received * * * * 

as deserving (so far as *■' ' * * * 

public notice and observation ^' * * * 

This Gent, was born eldest son to a Gentleman'' *" * * 

descended of the Duke Hamilton's family * * * 

by his lands Raploch, now of 400 years standing or thereabouts. This Hans, being found a very 
hopeful youth, of good parts and disposition, was bred at Schools and Colleges so far as was then 
usual, yet of no other design, but to give him the accomplishments becoming his station and natural 
endowments. But as it fell out that he was drawn to appear for the Queen Eegent' in arms, in his 
youth, and by ill advice, he contracted the displeasure of the reforming party,*^ and thereby, through 
the malice of the friends of his father's second wife,^ was deprived of the estate whereunto he was 
bom the righteous heii",^ and so exposed to what other way of livelihood God would provide for him. 

a In Ayrshire, Scotland. gregation, and continued to employ all his power and in - 

^ Archibald Hamilton, of Eaploch, in Lanarkshire, who fluence in support of its measures ; and the Earl of Arran 

married, first, Marion, daughter of Ogilvy of that Ilk, (his eldest son) distinguished himself in various encounters 

widow of Weir of Blackwood, and of Dunbar of Blantyre. with the troops of the Eegent ia 1559. — See Robertson's Eist 

c Mary of Guise, mother of Mary Queen of Scots. of Scotland, Vol. I., p. 192. 

d The Duke of Chatelherault, who had been obliged to e Margaret, daughter of John Hamilton, of Newton, by 
resign the office of Regent in favour of the Queen-mother, whom he had two daughters, Margaret, married to Sir 
in a conference with the Lords of the Congregation, agreed James SomervUle, of Cambusnethan, and Elizabeth, mar- 
to join them in resisting the violent and arbitrary measures ried to Robert BaUlie, of Park. 

of the Queen-Eegent against all those who professed the ^ By his uncle, Gawin Hamilton, commendator of Kil- 

Reformed faith, which she had hitherto favoured, to which winning, who had a precept of dare constat, from James 

she was instigated by her brothers of the House of Guise. Duke of Chatelherault, for infefting him in the lands of 

The Duke embarked most heartily in favour of the Con- Eaploch, of date 3rd March, 1559. Having been bred to 


In this case, as he had made very commendable progress in humane literature, he was advised to 
betake himself to the study of Divinity, wherein his progress and good behaviour were bo observable 
and commendable, that he was ordained Minister of Dunlop, in Cunningham, where he Hved very 
usefully and commendable in the whole remainder of his time. * 

♦ * * * * 

and died within * 

love betwixt them * * * 

their neighbours and with if. * ■^ 

them.— 2. That they bred all their sons to creditable employments, and married their daughter 
creditably to one "William Moor, of Glanderstown.— 3. That they were much courted to enter- 
tain and breed the most considerable gentlemen and noblemen's sons (by the help of good school- 
mastei-s, whereof he had still one of good reputation), which they did to the great obligation of 
parents and youths committed to them. — 4. He was a very painful, profitable, and wise Minister, 
friend, and neighbour, in the esteem of all good men in his time. — 5. In his homely way of speaking, 
he called his six sons (in allusion to the countiy expression) his plough ; and, on the account of the 
death of his third son (whereof hereafter), he used often, with grief, to say that his plough was 
broken. Ten days before he died (being then in good health, though considerably aged), he called 
for five or six of the discreetest of his parishioners to him, and desired them to accompany him to 
the church, where he told them, " I (sayd he) shall die within few days, and thought fit to acquaint 
you that I design to be buried in this (pointing to the place) spot of ground, and put it upon you to 
see it so done." On his return to his house, he called at a carpenter's house, and enjoined him * 

* * iC- ■» ■» H' 

by him ***** 

the Church, he was made Dean of the Metropolitan Church married to Robert Dalziel of that Ilk, ancestors of the Earls 

of Ghisgow in 1550, which office he soon after exchanged of Carnwath ; though before that she had a son to him, 

with Henry Sinclair, commendator of Kilwinning, for the Gavin, who afterwards became his successor in the lands 

commondancy of that Abbacy. He was the intimate friend of Eaploch, under a charter of vendition, dated 13th May, 

and, along with the Archbishop of St. Andrew's, the con- 1560, granted by the commendator in favour of the above 

fiUential adviser of the Duke of Chatelherault. He obtained Margaret, in life rent, and to Gavin Hamilton, her son, in 

a brcviate from the Pope, appointing him coadjutor and fee, which charter was confirmed on the day following by 

snccessor to Archbishop Hamilton in the archiepiscopal James Duke of Chatelherault. Gawin, commendator of 

see of St Andrew's. On the establishment of the reformed Kilwinning, was slain in a skirmish between the Queen's 

religion in Scotland, he followed the example of many troops and the forces of the Regent Lennox, 28th June, 

Charchmen of that period, and took to wife Margaret, 1571.— See A7ider307i's Memoirs of the House of Hamilton, 

second daughter of John Hamilton, of Broomhill, by Pp. 364-5 and 472. 
whom he had issue, after the marriage, one daughter, Jean, 

his eldest son * 

to be erected, vlii ''^ 

mucli out of repair) and a school 

hack of it of considerable value g 

g This passage in the MSS., wliinh is greately obliterated 
by time, evidently refers to a massive stone Chapel or Mau- 
soleum, and within it a handsome marble monument, to the 
memory of his parents, whose sculptured figures are there 
represented kneeling face to face on a sarcophagus, 
which his eldest son caused to be erected in the Parish 
Church ot Dunlop, in the year 1641, an etching of which is 
given in the 5th vol. of the Ulster ArcluBoIogical Journal, 
p. 22. The following _is a copy of the inscription on the 
monument : — 

"Here lye the bodies of Hanis Hamilton, sonne of Archi- 
bald Hamilton, of Kaploch, Servant to King James the Fift, 
and of Janet Denham, his wife, daughter of James Denham, 
laird of West-Shielde. They lived mai-ried together 45 years, 
during which time the said Hanis served the cure of this 
Church. They were much beloved of all who knew them, 
and especially of the Parishioners. They had six sonnes — 
James, Archibald, Gawin, John, William, and Patrick, and 
one daughter Jean, marryed to William Mure, of Glanders- 

On a stone of the floor of the Chapel is this inscription : — 

•' Heir lyes the bodye of Hanis Hamiltoune, Vicar of 
Dunlope, quha deceist ye 30 of Mali, 1608, ye age 72 yeirs ; 
and of Janet Denham his spous." 

Over the door of the Chapel is the date 1641 ; also on 
the School house attached, with this inscription : — 

" This School was erected and endowed by James 
Viscount Clandboyes, in love to his Parish, in which his 
father Hans Hamilton was Pastor 45. yeirs, in Eing James 
the Sixt his raigne, 

"IV C." 
These cyphers, which are also visible on the door of the 
Chapel, stand for " James Viscount Claneboye." 

In an introductory memoir to the Caldicell Papers, 
printed at Glasgow, in 1854, from which the foregoing 
statement is extracted, it is added, that " The friendly con- 
nection between the Glanderstone family and the Irish 
Hamiltons was maintained down to the commencement of 
the ensuing century, both by correspondence and marriage. 
In the Caldwell repositories are several bundles of letters 
and miscellaneous papers, which once formed part of the 
coUection of " Secretary Hamilton," and appear to have 
been consigned or bequeathed by him to his Glanderstone 
relatives. Such portion of them as seemed to possess 
interest have been printed in the volume. During several 
generations it was customary for the heads of various 

families connected with the venerable Vicar of Dunlop, 
or his spouse, the Hamiltons of Clanboyes and KiUileagh, 
the Denhams of West Shields, and the Mures of Glanders- 
tone, to subscribe each a small sum from time to time for the 
repairs of their ancestors' tomb. But, from the following 
letters in the correspondence of the Laird of CaldweU and 
Glanderstone, it would appear that funds were no longer 
procured from Irish sources ; and the care of the monu- 
ment has now devolved exclusively on the CaldweU family. 
It is still in good preservation, and was put in thorough 
repair a few years ago :" — 

"Wo. Cusine — The uncertaintie of ane sure hand made me 
delay the sending of the enclosed until the bearer, ane old 
serveant of my sister Mure's, came in my way. It was 
written at Carmichael, where you was kindly remembered, 
and your health drunk by that kind lord, Mr. Carstairs, the 
Principal of Glasgow, with diverse other friends, who long 
for your hasteing over. It wUl be your interest. WTiat is 
written by my lord Halcraig I know is to that effecte, and 
wiU have more influence with you than I can ; although 
none would be better satisfied to see you fixed m some post 
suitable to your meritte than yrs most sincerely, 
" to serve you, 

" Wm. Muee. 
" Glanderstoun, June 5, 1699." 

" See iff you can procure anything from Westshields, 
towards the repairing of our tomb, that if ye make any stay 
here ye shall be witness to the agreement for it. Take no 
less than a guinea, which was what he promised me. 
" For 
" Mr William Hamilton, 
" att Lieutenant Gavin Hamilton's, 
" att Lisrene, in Ireland. 
" Glanderstoun, Nov. 2, 1704." 

" Dr. Cos.— Having sent over my nephew Willm. to tran- 
sact and end my Lord Halcraig's affair and mine with Lady 
TuUymore, I must recommend him to your best advice in 
what occurs in that affair. I have likewise sent with Inm 
Clane boy's note I spoke to you of, to give you the first ofier 
of it. There is nothing yet done in the repairing of ye 
bui-ial place at Dunlop, your directions being wanted about 
it, in respect you did not name what you allowed tor yrselt, 
as weel fiom whom it should be had. Besides, it s hard you 
should solely be at the expenses, while Westshields and 
your relations in Ireland are equaUy related. What you ca^ 
procure send with the bearer, with what you order yourself 
to be given to the minister of the place, who wiil see the 
thing applyed, together with a line to Westshields for his 
proportion, wherein also I shaU concur, and shall not be 
wantingin what comes to my share. Kit be longer ne- 
glected, it will be so spUed that it will be in vain to do any 


The names of the above-mentioned six sons, in the order of their birth, are James, Archibald, 
GawTn, John, Villiam, and Patrick. James gave very early indications of his great aptitude for, 
and disposition after, learning, and so passed his time in schools until he had received all the usual 
parts of learning taught in that Kingdom, and was within a little afterwards looked upon as one of the 
greatest scholars and hopeful wits in his time, insomuch that he was noticed by King James and 
his grave CouncU as one fit to negociate among the Gentry and I^obility of Ireland for promoting 
the knowledge and right of King James's interest and title to the drown of England, after Queen 
Elizabeth's death ; and, on this account, was advised to write a book of his said interest, which was 
done to very good effect, and * * * of all persons concerned in the thi'ee Kingdoms. 
Therefore, he was called to keep a public Latin school at Dublin,'' being instructed in the meanwhile 
and creditably supplied for conversing with the Nobility and Gentry of Ireland for the King's ser- 
vice above mentioned, and he was very serviceable and acceptable therein.* * 
to * * * * * 
gu *•' * * * * 
perfect * '>:- * * * 
accoimt * * * * « 
philosophy* * * ^ * 
Elizabeth, ***** 
in that country for teaching philosoph * * * 
parts of academical learning. James Usher" * entered with him the first scholar, and 
both continued that station 'till the said James Tsher finished his course, and passed all the degrees 

m^C^ i^;». ^^ ^""1" *° T^"P^.- Stevensone and all Bless'd with the height of favours from ahove, 

^Lm^H rn« ^ ■?:, Qaherein I can be capable to serve you, Blood, grace, ablest memorial, all men's love, 

command me. Your most obhged Cos. andhumble Servt. A fruitful offspring, on whom the Lord hath fix'd 

„ p, " ^^'^^- McKE. Fortunes, with virtue and with honour mix'd. 

«?»r Ttr-ii- rr Then live, these dead above in endless joyes, 

» V^-iiM ^''"iilto°. Here in their seid noble blood eboyes ; 

of Kilhleagh, Esq., Iq ,vhom (grant soe, Heaven) their honoured name 

_ ,„ . , Ireland." May never die but in the death of fame." 

The foUowing hnes were also engraved on their tomb Scot's Magazine, Vol. vu., p. 902. 

in the Churchyard of Dunlop:— . -r r. . c, ■ c, 

"The dust of two lyes in this artful frame, \ ^"^ ^''"^ ^^'^ ^*'^''*- 

w hose birth them honoured from an honoured name • ^°™ ^*'^ January, 1580-1 ; was made Bishop of Meath 

A painful pastor, and his spotless wife, ' in 1621, and Archbishop of Armagh in 1624 : he died in 

W hose devout statues emblem here their life. March, 1655-6. 

xisual in that or any other college, with great approbation of both masters and scholars, which the 
said James (afterwards Lord Primate of Ireland) acknowledged with all gratitude, in an epistle de- 
dicatory, which he prefixes to one of his learned books, which he dedicates to the said (at that 
time) Lord James Claneboy.® 

Therefore, on the aforesaid design, he is stationed at London, to negotiate privately with Queen 
Elizabeth, her Court, Council, and other Nobility and Gentry,^ until at last he becomes the welcome 

e A strange combination of circumstances supplied 
Dublin at this time with two schoolmasters of very superior 
attainments. James VI. of Scotland, doubtful of succeed- 
ing q[uietly to the throne of England on the death of Eliza- 
beth, sent to Dublin, in the year 1587, two clever emis- 
saries, James Fullerton and James Hamilton, to keep up a 
correspondence with the Protestant nobility and gentry in 
the neighbourhood ; and they, to conceal more effectually 
the object of their mission, opened a school, in which Ful- 
lerton acted as the master, and Hamilton as the usher. 
Although the oflBce of schoolmaster was assumed merely 
for the purpose of concealment, yet both these individuals 
seem to have been eminently qualified to discharge its 
duties. It is most probable that Fullerton was an early 
pupil of the learned Andrew Melville, who had brought 
from the Continent to the University of Glasgow a know- 
ledge of the learned languages rarely possessed at that 
period, and who devoted himself to the instruction of those 
committed to his care. Dr. M'Crie has suggested the pos- 
sibility that both Hamilton and Fullerton were class-fellows 
of Melville, at St. Andrew's, because there appears in the 
list of admissions for the year 1558, the names of James 
Fullerton and James Hamilton ; but this seems absolutely 
impossible, for, as none of his class-fellows could be 
younger than Melville (who was admitted at twelve years of 
age), Hamilton must have been ninety-seven years of age at 
the time of his death in 1643 ; and yet, only two years be- 
fore, he received a commission from the Lords Justices and 
Council to raise the Scots in the North of Ireland, and put 
them under arms, in order to resist the violent progress of 
the rebellion. It seems, then, nearly certain, that the 
James Fullerton who came to Ireland was not the class- 
fellow, but the pupil, of Andrew Melville, laureated at 
Glasgow in 1581. Hamilton may also have been under the 
same tutor at St. Andrew's ; for, in 1685, James Hamilton 
was made Master of Arts, and at that time Melville had 
been for some years Principal of New College. To the 
school in Dublin, opened under such extraordinary cir- 
cumstances, James Ussher was sent, when eight years of 
age, and he continued there for five years, exciting thead- 
miratioQ of his instructors by his diligence and quickness. 

The pupil was not insensible to the value of the instruction 
he received from his masters ; for Dr. Parr states, that 
" whenever he recounted the providences of God towards 
himself, he would usually say that he took this for one re- 
markable instance of it, that he had the opportunity and 
advantage of his education from those men who came 
thither by chance, and yet proved so happily useful 
to himself and others." — Elrington's Life of Archbishop 
Ussher, p. 2. On the College being opened, Fullerton and 
Hamilton were appointed Fellows, in addition to the 
three persons named in the Charter ; and James Ussher 
was admitted as a student under the tuition of his former 
master, James Hamilton, being then thirteen years of 
age. — lb. p. 6. Parr, in his life of the Archbishop, says 
that Hamilton was appointed Senior Fellow, but this is 
a mistake, for the distinction of Senior and Junior Fellow 
appears to have been first made in 1614. — lb. p. 6. 

Birch, in his " Life of Henry Prince of Wales," gives 
this account of Fullerton: — "There was a Scots Gentle- 
man of great learning and parts, sent out of Ireland to 
be chief governor for the Duke (Charles I.). This gentle- 
man, whose name was Sir James FuUarton, who had 
been first usher of the Free School in [Ship Street,] 
Dublin, while another Scotsman, Mr. James Hamilton, 
afterwards knighted, and at last created Viscount Clane- 
boye in Ireland, was master of it. The first foundations 
of their fortunes being laid at Dublin, in the latter end 
of Queen Elizabeth's reign, by conveying the letters of 
some great lords of England, who worshipped the rising 
sun, to King James, and his letters back to them, that way 
being chosen as more safe than the direct Northern road." 

^ The following most interesting letter which was written 
whilst he was so stationed inLond on, to James Fullerton 
(mentioned in the preceding note), who was then iu Edin- 
burgh, gives a more minute account of the Earl of Essex's 
rebellion than is to be found in any English History. The 
statements in it difi'er materially from those made by 
Camden ; but, as it would seem from its contents that Mr. 
Hamilton accompanied Essex to the city, and continued 
with him till the last of the proclamations which he men- 
tions, this gives a high degree of authority to the state- 

iaformcr and messenger 

from the Queen's Council of England, that the said Qaeen, being dead, by 

ments in the letter, which stroni^ly corroborate the account 
of the same transiiction given in a life of the Earl, lately 
published by the Honourable W. B. Devereux :— 

" Having written these other letters this morning, and 
purposing to have sent them by sea with Jacob Baron s 
man, who cam to receave a part of th' annuitie for the Erie 
of Marr, the strangenes of an admirable occurrent hath 
moved me to alter my purpose and send these and all by 
post. This it is, S'.— Yesternight late a warrant came from 
court (by S"- Walter Ranghley and the Lord Cobham, as 
is said) to the Erl of Esses, with this purport (as is yet 
surmised), that he should com to the court, to w<;ii he 
answered that then it was no tyme, and that next morning 
he would. Others say that it was to carry liim to the 
Tower; but, well, S'., he stood suspitious of the malice of 
those that brought the said warrant, fearing lest they might 
put hand ou liim, and so refused. Now, this morning ther 
was sent to him tlie L. Keeper, La. Cheef Justice, L. Trer., 
and Sr. William KnoUes. to Essex House, after ten (as is 
said), for ther speeches they are not knowen, but that it 
should be for the former matter. [Of this there is no great 
certainty; but the Erl coming out of Essex House, cried ' I 
am for the l^ueen ! God save the Queen! I stand for my lif: 
this I do that I be not murdered in my house, as Raughley 
and Cobham would have done to me upon my bed the last 
night ; ' and this he and his people did deliver still in all 
the streets. The Lord Keeper and the rest were sent to 
him as I do write, and they cam by cotches to Essex 
House, but returned by water, presentlie, upon their 
return to the Court, Essex was proclaimed traitor at the 
Court, &c., and so burst out of his house to London, &c.,] 
These particulars alreadie set down, although they be in 
most men's mouths, and tliat I have them from men of 
special knowledg, yet I will not aver them absolutelie in 
every point, till hereafter, that I shal be able to resolve 
yon, but they are alkadged for the grounds of the things 
that thus ensued, w"^"" you slial receave for certain and 
upon my word. Upon the wch departure of yonder people 
and Counsellors from the said Erl, the Erl presentlie cam 
from Essex-House to London about a quarter of an hour 
after eleven, and cam in at Lodgate, and so to Cheap- 
sydc (the L. Mayor. Sheriffs, and all the people being at 
srrments), acconipanyed with the Erls of Southampton, 
Bedford, Rutland, and Lords Mountcagle, and (as some 
say) Ritch and Sands besyds, with a great number of knights 
and gentlemen, amounting to som 2 or 3 hundred ; and, at 
hi.s coming into London, both at Lodgate and in Cheapsyd, 
he and they that wer with him did publicklie delivei-, that 
my Lord was escaped a mortber wdi was to have been don 
by Sr Walter Raugliley and tlie L<1 Cobham, wch the people, 
that greatlie indeed did alTi'ct him, hearing did rejoice. And 
»<> he went nh.ngs (with som 3 hundred with him, all of them 
with rapiers in their hands, holding them up, and with 
pistfiles) towards Sheriff Smithe's in Fanshoes Street. Now, 
8r, whether ther was a resolution to have then apprehended 
him, or what it was, I do so imagine that at the court 
they had a conccat of som uproar and sedition upon this 
apprehension ; and, therfor. about some nyne of the clock, 
or soon after, watchwords were given from the court that 

the constables and watches should all be in arms and ready, 
and should look to ther wards and gates ; whereupon the 
gates wer shut about som ten a clock ; but upon his coming 
to Lodgate it was set open, and so receaved in, and so went 
alonge in forme, as I have said, to Sheriff Smithe's. Pre- 
sentlie, warning was given to the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs, 
who left the serment at Paules, and cam away ueer half an 
hour, before the eud. The Erl went to Sheriff Smithe ; 
stayed a great part of the dinner ther, but did eat nothing, 
his people staying below at the Sheriff's dore, and so he 
stayed ther till one a clock. In this meanwhile, it was from 
the court appointed that he should be proclaimed traitor, 
and all they traitors that stood with him ; and because som 
wer stammering to doe it (it is said that Mr. Secretarie did 
first undertake it, and said he would, if non els would) ; 
and so Mr. Secretarie, with a herald, first proclaimed him 
at court, and then cam from Whithall to Charingcrosse, and 
and did proclaim him tiaitor about xi a clock (so as I do 
conjecture that the Erl had knowledge that he was pro- 
claimed er he lelt his house.) Then the Lord Borleigh 
did proclaim him, after the same manner, traitor in Fleet 
Street ; and at Essex House in the Strand, with herald and 
sound of trumpet, and then at Lodgate he was proclaimed. 
After this, the Lord Burghley, who is Lord-president of York, 
and now at this tyme Lord Lieutenant of London, cam to 
Cheapsyd, and ther proclaimed him traitor, and those traitors 
that should tak his part. All this was don befor the Erl 
cam back frome Sheriff Smithe's ; and som say, that as the 
Erl cam to the lower end of Cheapsyd next to the Exchange, 
they who proclaimed him wer in the upper end and in 
sight one of another. But, Sr, the Erl went on with the 
L. Mayor and Sheriffs up Cheapsyd after he was thus 
proclaimed, praying for the Queen's safetie, and wishing 
that he might die a dog's death if ever he meant harme 
ether to her Mat'e or the Como"well, and protesting that he 
was ther only to save his lif from his privat adversaries, 
who (as it is reported he should say) sought his lif this 
last night, and wer the men that had sold the Queen and 
kingdome to the Spaniards. And thus he came up towards 
Paules with the Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and many others 
accompanying him, even after he was proclaimed ; and in the 
tipper end of Cheapsyd, they say, he and my Lord Burghley 
met, when the Lord Burghley called him traitor, and 
the Erl answered that he lied in liis thioat, but non 
offered to lay hands on him. A whole hour he stayed 
on a horse Wch some one had lent him (for he and his 
people came out a foot), and some speechis he used to the 
people, and so he went with some 4 or 5 hundered people 
towards Lodgate, vi<^^ with all other gates of the citie was 
fast shut up, that non could have entries into the citie for 
fear his followers should increase ; but Lodgate being the 
passage to Fleet Street, and so to the Court, prrtcuUies 
was let fall. The Erie's people thus coming through Paules 
Church-yard, when they cam to the west end of Paules over 
against the Bishop of London's, the Bishop had given 
chardg ther to the constables, &c., to stop his passing 
downe to Lodgate, because he was now proclaimed traitor, 
and therfor should not be permitted to go to the Court, 
which was the thing that the Erl designed. And ther his 
people wer, by such as wer sent to keep the streets ther, 

her latter will and testament, and consent of the said Council, he, the said King James, was pro- 

comm.onded to stand, but they chardging the officers and 
constables, ttc, and dischardging some pistolles upon them, 
the said officers did then encounter with them, and dis- 
chardged some shot of cullever and musket, by wch my 
Lord of Essex's page was slane hard by his Lord ; Sr. 
Christopher Blunt shot in the throat and dead as is thought, 
or verie neer ; Sr. Gh. Travest hilled, and the Erl himself 
shot through the hat twice ; yet, if the gates and portcuUies 
had not been made fast, they had burst through. But seeing 
that passag darned up, the Erl cam back through Watling 
Street (for Paules and Paules church-yard were all shut up), 
and so all alongst that street till he came to Bow-lane (the 
Mayor and Sheriffs with him still, and many others, that 
wer all of them amased at this strange event.) Then he 
turned downe Bowe Lane by Mr. Frelaud's house, and went 
to Queen Hyve, where he took boats and some fortie with 
him, and so these went with him to Essex House by water, 
wher now he is enclosed. Bedford did shrinck from him 
■upon the proclamation, and so did many moar ; and they 
that did follow him were forced to leave him at the water 
syd, for ther was rot means to cary them. Now, S'", ther 
were some 3 proclamations in Cheapsyd, of which the last 
was that her JMati«= did pardon all those that did forsack 
him and not stick to him. Now he, Southampton, Rutland, 
Mounteagle, and the other two Lords (if they were with 
him), ar all enclosed in Essex House ; for presentlie, after 
he was thus gon, a round cheque came to the Lord Mayor 
and Sheriffs for not apprehending of him, and so they to 
shewe theii- diligence sent many companyes to surround 
Esses House. All the street, on the foresyds towards the 
Church is full of armed men, foot and pyk and horsemen, 
of which the Ld * is said to be the leader, being, as I 
wrote, released some six days ago. That syd that is to the 
water is lykwise cumpassed about ; the water gate is broken 
downe, so they are entered into the garden and into the 
banqueting-house. Some shotts have been made out of 
Essex House, and wounded some, and, as they saye, killed 
some others ; one man's thigh is burst, a horse killed, <Src. 
The L. Burghley himself cam to the gate and knocked, but 
some within bid him be gon, or they protested they would 
knock him about the head with bullets. This much this 
Sonday till eight a clock at night that the watch was set. 
About sis a clock some peec of ordnanc wer brought from 
the Tower to beat his house, and about ten he yealded him- 
self and his people, and so is caryed this Sonday at night 
in shewe to the Court to "Whithall, but as most men think 
to the Tower, or if not, he and his will be ther shortlie, or 
then they will loose their heads vei-y presentlie, Wcii I look 
for every hour. Eor this matter is desperat, and they are 
hut dead men in my conceat. I pray you, if you look to 
hear any thing from me, yeald me the posts ; for you have 
as great reason to look for advertisments now as ever you 
had these hundreth years, in web. tyme the lyke hath not 
been seen. I have been at chardges of other posts that ar 
com downe, and few are com that I have not given lardglie 

to, well I pray you consider of how I can do it. The 

Lord God preserve his MaU«, and his Queen, and their 
children.— I. H.— London, this 8 Februarie, 1600. 

" It is expected that they will be beheaded to-day at West- 
minster ; for the adversarie doth follow the rage of the age. 

" To Mr, Fullerton in all haste," 

This letter, though addressed to Mr. Fullerton, was evi- 
dently intended for the persual of James VI., by whom, on 
his accession to the English throne, he was afterwards 
knighted. The original letter is now in the possession 
of the Hamilton family. 

The followiug letter written, in cipher as to the names, 
from Edinburgh on the day before the foregoing letter 
from Hamilton to Fullerton, by George Nicholson to 
Sir Eobert Cecil, then principal Secretary of State 
to Queen Elizabeth, (the original of which is in the 
State Paper Office,) shows that Hamilton was then in 
London, and in communication with Cecil on the subject 
of King James's succession to the English throne : — 

" It may please tour hoxor, — I received your Honor's 
last letter of the 29th of the last, understanding Her 
Majesty's gracious bounty towards me of £20 in reversion, 
for which I yield most humble thanks, praying God to 
preserve her long over us, with happy and comfortable 
days, to our joy which depend thereon. The King hath 
ever of late been so very exceedingly occupied with writ- 
ing anent my Lord of Marr's dispatch, as I have had 
little speech with the King; only this day I told him 
your Honor had advertised me that Pory Oglevy was 
taken, and that your Honor had directed me to learn his 
pleasure how he would have Her Majesty dealt with for 
his stay or release, showing that because he was his sub- 
ject. Her Majesty had that regard as to know his mind 
therein. He replied, it was long since he was taken, 
that he would have him tried and hanged and done with 
as Soggy was ; that if he got him he would tiy him as he 
did Sir Walter Lindsay, and, unless he cleared himself, 
hang him ; that he heard his letters should be (were) 
taken with him ; that, if it were so, he would have him 
hanged for eouuterfeitiug tliem ; concluding he cared not 
what he did with him, and so without more left me. So 
as I had no more speech but to these effects with him, yet 
because Pory Oglevy is of many friends, and that I laave 
this but by word, and that the King's Ambassador have 
direction and the King's pleasure in this, to the same, 
effect, I remit the mOre certainly of the King's mind 
therein to their reports. 

" My Lord of Marr, and my Lord of Kinloss, hold jour- 
ney, and that with diligence, about Thursday next. On 
Monday, Mr. David Fowlis is to be sent afore by post to 
prepare all things for them. So far as now, I hear they 
have no employment anent our parliament matters (I 
mean the suggestions here of the same), nor the matter 
of succession, but only upon advertisment out of Eng- 
land, that such slanders and reports do come hither of 
him, tliat he should be (is) a dealer with Eomish, Span-' 
ish, and Papists' courses, &c., as unless he someway free 
himself thereof. Her Majesty and the people of England 
may be further possessed therewith than were good for 
him, and that therefore he had need to remove iu time 
these suspicions, lest they be harder to remove, and prove 
dangerous to the King hereafter ; the King sends them 
to clear his part in all things with plainness for Her 
Majesty's contentment, if they can, and to assure Her 

claimed King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, at several public places in London, to his, no 
doubt, great satisfaction. 

Majesty of the King's honest mind to run her course in 
all things may content her, and withal to offer her sun- 
dry good offices, and to give Her Majesty surety of 
the same in the King's name, and to undertake it tliem- 
Belves to see it performed, and to remove all suspicions 
and to settle the two Princes in kindness without jea- 
lousy hereafter. This, I hear, their negociation is for, 
and for no other dealing ; but I can give no certainty 
what is or will be, for they no way acquaint me with 
anything, no, not with their going; what they mean by 
it i know not, neither do I care, so long as I please 
where I owe my duty. The conjectures aud conceits of 
this ambassage are exceedingly strange and many, yea, 
with councillors and wise men ; and the wisest are at 
gaze to see what may follow it, the reason is it is so 
secret, the Council being no way acquainted with the 
errands or grounds of. The Secretary no Secretary in 
this, but only the King. Sir Thomas Erskine goes 
not, but stays here to be watchful with Sii- George Hume, 
that nothing grow in the Earl's absence to his prejudice. 
And, to make the matter more sure, my Lord of Kinloss 
was sent to the Queen (Anne) to inform her of this 
negociation, and to satisfy her towards my L. And this 
day the Earl returns by Dunfermling to take his leave 
of the Queen, whither the King goes this day also and 
returns on Monday. My Lord of Marr hath gotten the 
King's licence for Mr Robt. Bruce to return and remain 
where he please in England ; yet with condition that he 
behave himself as the King's subject in strait words. 
All these things and others are done to win the Earl a 
love and safety. Mr. Robt. Bruce, I judge, shall meet 
him at London, or soon after be with him. The Earl 
goes on his own horse and charges, in hope of the King's 
consideration of it some way again to him. As this 
sadden employment is wondered at, so it is exceedingly 
grudged at, as I see not but his absence will breed him 
danger some one way or other, for all the surety given 
mm by the King and the plat laid for his surety. But 
this matter I leave to the sequel. 

T w^'"*^ ^^^ convention it holds— what will be the end, 
I know not, but shall advertise as I know it. For me, I 
rest in their old manner of suspicion, and as much as they 
can hindered from intelligence ; yet within few days I 
hope to know more. I have deUvered Mouhrmj his letter, 
acquamted him with what your Honor directed me, from 
whom shortly your Honor wUl hear. Sir lio. Kerr's em- 
ployment b dashed now. 

" Ikltrtis is not here. Aston is very diligent, but under 
peat sMpicion, watched here and to be watched m Jwj- 
land. He knows it ; he is ijour Hoiwr's, and will so show 
your Jlonor. 

" Mr. James Hamilton is in great hatred, some say for, 
ywr Honor. Mr. James FuUarton is presently out of 
U»tc, yet not charged with offence, as they do and intend 
I" do .^Ir. James Hamilton. Sir Thomas Erskine hath 
JJTought thi.s. Mr. Astfm goes with my Lord of Marr. 
•I he King hath commanded him, 

"Sir 'fhoraas Erskine was on Tuesday night on the 
borders, I cannot say where ; but I doubt not but your 

Honor knows who sent the first advertisment of that 
time from thence of this employment, and what letters 
were sent from hence, as I have reason to judge, yet 
know not, and by the same will perceive, if such be, how 
I am avoided in this matter, and not yet by them ac- 
quainted with that the world now knows here. It must 
needs be either many letters have been written by the 
King, or great curiosity (care) in them he writes, for he 
hath plied it this week. (He has been writing the whole 
week past.) And thus, with mine humble duty and ser- 
vice, I prav God preserve your Honor. At Edinburgh, 
the 7th of February, 1600. 

' ' Your Honor's humble, at commandment, 

" Geokge Nicholson. 

"Mr. Hamilton knows what Fullarton knows and will 
show it your Honor. 

'■'■ Nkliolsom grieves to see Sir Thomas ErsTcine work 
Mr. Hamilton disgrace, by charging him with over much 
familiarity with your Honor, and with £100 per annum, 

"It may please your Honor to cause give the enclosed 
to Mr. Hamilton. Mr. David Fowlis carries the King's 
discharge, and returns Mr. Hamilton thence. Their 
actions are stUl mutable, and slippery hold have any 
they that build on them here." 

Superscriljed—'' To the Right HonWe. Sir Eobert Cecil, 
Knight, Principal Secretary to Her Majesty. Endorsed — 
" Mr. Nicholson to my Mr.," in the same hand the 
ciphers are deciphered in. 

The original of the following letter from James Hamil- 
ton to Sir Robert Cecil, but without date, is to be also 
found in the State Paper Office : — ■ 

" May it please youe honor, — The things referred to 
me by the D. (? Duke's) letter are these — that I should 
declare his earnest affections to perform all good offices 
tending to the advancement of Her Majesty's service, 
according to his master's will declared in that behalf to 
Her Majesty, and Her Highness's great favours lately 
shown to him, binding him thereunto, in respect of 
which, both he is emboldened to offer and to creave 
every thing that may give esjperance to further Her Ma- 
jesty's service, increase tlie amity, and to enable himself 
by credit to go forward in this so dutiful resolution. 

" Next, that according to his promise to Her High- 
ness, he hath taken order for barring of all means that 
might proceed from the Western ports to the aid of the 
rebel, and also for procuring of our intercourse between 
the said ports and the garrisons of Loughfoyle and 
Knockfergus, for the better supplying of the said garri- 
sons with victuals, &c., which shall be continued with 
all readiness to enterprise whatsoever further service 
agreeing with his ability and allegiance. 

" But, it being a thing greatly lamented by such as 
keep this correspondency, that these Northern parts of 
Ireland not affording any commodities fit for their 
Country, they are forced to take the payment of their 

After this, he waits upon King James for several years at Whitehall, and receives from him 
Knighthood as a mark of his favour, and is found a man of great wisdom, learning, and in great re- 
quest with his Majesty, as being very faiihful to, and very active for him in, his interest, and so 
highly honoured of all great men in Court and City.^ 

victuals and merchandise in base money, of which not- 
withstanding, they cannot have the exchange unless it 
be by direction from hence. His desire therefore is, 
that for the continuance of the said traffic to the behoof 
of the garrisons, he may have a letter in the behalf of 
his people, signifying Her Majesty's pleasure to the 
Treasurer of Iielaiid and his ministers, that, according 
to Her Majesty's proclamation, they may have letters of 
exchange, both for such base money as doth now lie 
upon their hands, and for such as from time to time they 
shall receive for their victuals and merchandize. 

" Further, that in the late intended employment of 
the Scots, offer was secretly made to him to withdraw 
some from the rebel for the furtherance of that service, 
which offer he hath entertained, the rather for that 
there is hope to procure them upon the assurance of re- 
ward, to do some service at their withdrawing, which 
may be instead of a pledge for their future faithfulness. 
Esperance is also given by persons of credit, that some 
of them in whose behalf this offer is made (by reason of 
their grievances, grudges, and desire of great rewards), 
are very fit to he dealt withal for attempting somewhat 
against the head of the rebellion, whic'h if they will not 
be brought to undertake — yet the first service being 
well prosecuted, will be of very good consequences for 
the advancing of Her Highness's service. Upon the sig- 
nification of Her Majesty's pleasure, he will do what he 
can to bring them to the best issue, or any other means 
of that nature, that may occur to hurt or annoy the 

" Lastly, that whereas Her Majesty was pleased out 
of her gracious favour to promise him all such means 
from her, as might best serve for the increase of his 
credit with his master, and his enabling to the perform- 
ance of all good offices for the maintenance of the 
amity. And that upon those Her Majesty's gracious 
promises, he hath been greatly encouraged to give hope 
to his master, that none should be able to procure better 
and more means tending to the establishing of the peace, 
than he shall. His humble desire to Her Highness is, 
that, as in the time of the Earl of Marr's emp'oyment. 
Her Majesty upon good considerations was pleased to 
increase the annuity, so now she would be pleased (his 
master having greater and more means of charges) to 
let him know in secrecy, if by his mediation also (when 
some good opportunity shall draw him hither), a pro- 
portionable increase might be granted again to the 
King, giving a meeting to his so kind offers for concur- 
rence against the rebel, and being a good means to 
increase and confirm their so great and growing friend- 
ship. And that Her Majesty will think none fitter to be 
the means of so good an office than himself, he is 
humbly bold to be persuaded, both in respect to her 
piincely promises, and for that (as he trusteth) none 
shaU be found of better means, more honorably minded, 

and of readier and more purest good will to procure the 
strengthening of the amity for the best services of both 
the princes. And Her Highness being the King, whom 
next to his master he does most honour, and is most 
desirous to serve, he hopes she will not afford to any 
that shall come after him greater means of credit than 
he shall now have hopes to obtain at her hand. 

" And that he doth crave your means to Her Majesty 
in his behalf, it is in respect of the place which you 
hold near unto her, and that the chief of his desires is 
the increasing and settling of the amity between the two 
Sovereigns, and deriving from the same the greatest 
kindness, that may issue to both their contentments, for 
effecting of which whatsoever concurrence in this or the 
like particular your honor shall give, he doth stand 
assured it shall be very acceptable to Her Highness, 
courteously and kindly thought of by his master, and 
which shall remove that imputation that hath been con- 
ceived of your alienation from this their amity. The 
special advancement also of Her Majesty's affairs (ac- 
cording to his power and allegiance), being in this one 
of his principal aims, he is encouraged to crave this 
correspondency of you, to whom he knoweth the same is 
and hath ever been most tender and precious. 
" Your Honor's most humble, 

"James Hamilton." 

Indorsed — Memorial, Mr. Hamilton. 

s It would appear, from the following statement in the 
Montgomei7 MSS., that Hugh Montgomery, the sixth 
Laird of Braidstane, in Scotland, whose fortunes were 
afterwards so closely connected with those of Sir James 
Hamilton, recommended himself to King James in a simi- 
lar manner :— 

" Appearing at the Court in Edioburgh he was respected 
as a well accomplished gentleman, being introduced to kiss 
King James the Sixth's hand, by divers noblemen, on 
whose recommendation he was received into favour (and 
especial notice taken of him), which encreased more and 
more by reason of a correspondence he had with his brother 
George (then Dean of Norwich in the Church of England), 
whereby he received and gave frequent intelligence to His 
Majesty of the Nobility and State Ministers in Queen 
Elizabeth's Court and Council, and of the country gentle- 
men as they were well or ill-affected to His Majesty's suc- 
cession." Again, at pp. 19 and 20: — "And now halcyon 
days shined throughout all Scotland, all animosities being 
compressed by His Majesty (who in a few months after- 
wards) having certain intelligence of Queen i^Uizabeth's 
sickness and extreme bodily weakness, and not long thence 
of her death, which was on the 24th of March (accord- 
ing to the English computation). An. Dom. 1G02, James 
the Sixth being proclaimed King in London and West- 
minster, by the Lord Mayor, with the Lords of the Privy 


At this time it fell out that Ireland had many lands and estates forfeited in a late rebellion.^' and 
now to be dL.posed of by his Majesty; and his Majesty, designing to gratify his Scotch Jfobility and 
Gentry and by them to caxTy on the planting of Ireland, was very disposed to grant, and accordingly 
did ' * 
SirJ * 

Scotland * * 

to Ireland * * * * 

with a great 

himself * * 

him yearly * * thousand pounds sterling in * * 

with'duties valuable to more than 12 hundred a year ; he is chosen one of his Ma- 

jesty's Honorable Privy Council for that Kingdom, and created Lord Viscount Claneboy ;' so continues 
at great favour at Court, and power and splendour in this Kingdom. 

In this time his second brother, Archibald, is educated in learning ; then bred a Writer to the 
Signet in Edinburgh; afterwards settles Commissary at Limerick; becomes a man of great judg- 
ment and integrity, and purchases a good estate, and lives in great plenty and good esteem for wis- 

Conncil, and by them solemnly inTited to take progress 
and receive the Crown with the Kingdoms of England, 
&c., into his gracious protection. Accordingly, His Ma- 
jesty (as soon as convenience would allow) went to West- 
minster, attended by divers noblemen and many gentle- 
men, being by greater numbers conveyed to the border, 
where he was received by English Lords, Esquires, and 
Gentry, in great splendour. Amongst the Scottish Lairds 
(which is a title equivalent to Esquires) who attended 
Hifl Majesty to Westminster, he of Braidstane was not 
the least considerable ; but made a figure more lookt on 
than some of the Lords' sons, and as valuable in account 
MB the best of his own degree and estate in that jour- 
ney."— 3/OTit. ilSS., pp. 8, 9. 

'• Of the celebrated Shane O'Neill, in consequence of 
which an Act was passed by the Irish Parliament, in 
the 11th year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Chap. 1, 
•ess. 3, entitled. An Act for tlie attainder of Slmne 
O'Neile, and the extinguishment of the name of O'Neile, and 
the entitling of the Queen's Majestic, her hcires ami succes- 
sors, to the Country of Tyrone, and to other Countries and 
Territories in Ulster." The extensive grants in L:eland 
made to Sir James Hamilton by King James, as a reward 
for his services, will be hereafter referred to ; but as the 
most extensive one, and that respecting which these 
M88. are principally conversant, consisted of the terri- 
tories of the Upper Clandcboye and Great Ardes, in the 
County of Down, formerly the property of Con O'Neill, 
in which Sir James Hamilton alone was named as a trus- 

tee for himself and Con O'Neill, and also for Sir Hugh 
Montgomery ; and as no account of that transaction is 
given in these MSS., it has been thought proper to give 
in an Appendix to this Chapter the entii-e version of it aa 
found in the Montgomery MSS., especially as the latter 
are now out of print. 

i The date of the Patent is the 4th of May, 1622, in the 
20th year of James the First. A copy of the constat in 
Latin is given in the first volume of the Msh Lords Jour- 
nals, p. 93, but as it contains only the granting part 
and not the recital of the grounds on which it was con- 
ferred, and as they throw considerable light, not only on 
Sir James Hamilton's personal history, but on the then 
state of the country, a translation of a copy of it, which 
has been obtained fromjthe Irish Eolls Office, is here 
inserted : — 

"The King and so forth: To all Archbishops, Dukes, 
Marquises, Eai'ls, Viscounts, Bishops, Barons, Provosts, 
Freemen, and all our officers, ministers, and subjects 
whatsoever to whom these present letters shall come, 
greeting. Know ye, that We, considering the great fidelity 
and labour our trusty servant. Sir James Hamilton, Knt., 
of Bangor, in the County of Down in our Kingdom of Ire- 
land, has practised and done to the most serene Queen 
Elizabeth of Happy Memory, and not only in our affairs 
and business, but also in our more private Councils of our 
Kingdom of Ireland, and in the public assemblies of the 
same Kingdom, and that by his great labour and expence 
there has been brought a plantation of British subjects of 


dom, wealth, and piety, iu tliat Kingdom generally during his whole life ; married first to * 
* * * by whom he had two daughters.'' 

The third son, Gawin, after due improvements in humanity at home, is bred a merchant in Glas- 
gow ; becomes a great and successful proficient therein ; purchases, possesses, and manages some 
lands in Scotland, at the foot of Glide, in * , and some lands in Ireland, at Hollywood, 

near Belfast ; obtains a lease of the great Bann, near Colrain, and provides himself with three mer- 
chant ships, and carries the product of the aforesaid lands and fishings and other commodities of 
this country abroad, and brings home to Scotland, especially to Glasgow, and * j viz., the 
Northern sea-ports and Dublin, wines and other effects from the places to which he had carried his 
other effects, and so becomes very wealthy and great in his station and way of living. 

our Kingdom of England into Ireland, and to those other 
parts of Ulster, particularly Claneboy and ' the Ards,' (the 
antient Retreat of the Rebells,) and erected roofed For- 
tresses, and improved them with buildings such as are 
in Villages and Towns, restrainiog the Rebells, or for the 
sake of the better preservation of life, restoration and 
bringing back of religion, the increase of the Republiek, 
and the advantage of those in power, and he has procured 
the tranquility of the Province of Ulster, of our special 
grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion. We have 
erected, preferred, and created the aforesaid Sir James 
Hamilton to be Viscoimt Claneboye in our County of 
Down, in our Kingdom of Ireland, and him the said 
James Viscount Claneboye aforesaid, by the tenor of 
these presents, we do erect, prefer, and create, and have 
given, granted, and preferred, and by these presents do 
give, grant, and prefer to the said James the name, stile, 
state, degree, dignity, title, and honor of Viscount Clane- 
boye aforesaid. To have and to hold the same name, state, 
stile, degree, dignity, title, and honor of Viscount Clane- 
boye aforesaid, with all and singular pre-eminences and 
and other honors to such name, state, stUe, dignity, de- 
gree, title, and honor of Viscount Claneboye appertaining 
or belonging to the aforesaid James Hamilton, and the 
heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, and to be be- 
gotten, for ever : WilUng, and by these presents granting 
for us, our heir and successors, that the aforesaid James, 
and his heirs male aforesaid, may successively bear and 
have, and every of them may have and bear the name, 
state, degree, stile, dignity, title, and honor of Viscount 
Claneboye aforesaid, and be successively called and known, 
and each of them be called and known, by the name of 
Viscount Claneboye aforesaid, and that the same James 
and his heirs male aforesaid successively shall be held in 
all things Viscount Claneboye, and as a Viscount of oux 
said Kingdom of Ireland shall be held and reputed, and 
every of them be held and reputed, and they may have, 
hold, and possess, and every of them may have, hold, and 
possess, a seat, voice, and place in Parliament, and in the 
publick meetings and Councils of us, our heirs and succes- 
sors, within our Kingdom of Ireland, amongst other Vis- 
counts, and before all Barons of our said Kingdom of Ire- 
land, as Viscount Claneboye ; and also the said James and 

his heirs male aforesaid may enjoy and use, and each of 
them may enjoy and use, by the name of Viscount Clane- 
boye, all and singular such rights, privileges, pre-emi- 
nences, and immunities to the degree of Viscount of our 
said Kingdom of Ireland truly and of right appertaining, 
which other Viscounts of our said Kingdom of Ireland 
before this time more decently, honorably, and quietly 
used and enjoyed, or at present use and enjoy. And, be- 
cause by the encrease of the state and high dignity, the 
expence and high charges are necessarily increased, and 
that the said James, and his heirs male aforesaid, may and 
can, and each of them may and can, the better more de- 
cently and more honourably maintain and support the 
said degree of Viscount Claneboye, and the charges im- 
posed on the said James and his heirs male aforesaid, 
therefore, of our more abundant grace, We have given and 
granted, and by these presents for us, our heirs and suc- 
cessors. We do give and grant to the aforesaid James, and 
his aforesaid heirs male for ever, the fee or annual rent of 
thirteen pounds six shillings and eightpence, current money 
of Ireland, by the year : To have, levy, and receive annu- 
ally the said fee or annual rent of £13 6s. 8d. to the said 
James, and his aforesaid heirs male aforesaid, out of the 
issues, rents, and profits great and small, customs and 
subsidies gi-anted or due to us, or hereafter to us, our 
heirs and successors to be granted or due, coming, in- 
creasing, or emerging within the Port of our City of 
Dublin, to be paid by the hands of the collector of us, 
our heirs and successors, of the customs and subsidies of 
us, our heks and successors, there for the time being, at 
the Feasts of Saint Michael the Archangel and Easter, by 
equal portions. We will also and so forth. Without fine 
in the Hanaper and so forth : Altho' express mention and 
so forth. For Witness whereof and so forth. — Witness the 
King at Westminster, the fourth day of May. 
" By Writt of Privy Seal." 

k Her simame was Simpson, and one of their daughters,! 
Jane, was the wife of Archibald Edmonstone, of Braiden- 
island, in the County of Antrim, Esq. He was married a 
second time to Rachel Carmichael, by whom he had twenty- 
two children, who will be mentioned in the nest chapter. 


The fourth son. John, after due education at schools at home, is invited and brought over by his 
eldest brother in Ireland ; and he is by him employed in agenting of his law affairs for a time, and 
thertjafter, by his industry, purchases a considerable estate, partly at Monellan (now Hamilton's Bawn), 
in the County of Armagh, and partly at Coronary, in the County of Cavan, of a considerable value, 
on which he lived very plentifully and creditably. 

The fifth son, William,i having his younger education as his forementioned brother, was called 
into Ireland by his eldest brother, by whom he was educated into the management of his country 
affairs, of letting his lands, receiving his rents, and proved therein very effectual and active, to 
the very good acceptance both of my Lord and his tenants, and also purchased for himself a very 
competent estate in several places in the County of Down, partly of my Lord, and partly 
of other places adjacent to his estate, wherein he lived plentifully, and in very good respect 

with all. 

The sixth brother, Patrick, had his younger education at home in learning, wherein he became 
very hopeful, and was put to college for further improvement and * * He followed the study 
of Divinity, wherein his proficiency was so great that he was called to, and settled in, the ministry 
at Endcrwick, in East Lothian in Scotland, where he lived all his lifetime, painfully and acceptable 
to all concerned, in a very staggering time. 

I Tbis William Hamilton was nominated the first 
Provost of the Borough of Killileagh, in the charter of 
incorporation which was granted to it in the tenth year 
of the reign of James I. The following laconic letter, 
nnder the date of 9th July, 1619, addressed to his brother 
William, has been found among the family papers : — 

"William,— I have written lately to you by Patrick 
Bhane, but in good trueth not so much as I thinke. I 
will write no more than that if there be not a greater 
care had, things wUl fall out that you and 1 both will be 
iorr^- for it; it being strange that of about fourteene 
htui'dndlh pounds ster., and more, all payable before or 
at this May day, besides sundry casualties not accounted, 
I have not hitherto receaved one penny. Mr. Ormsby 
hath called to me eagerly for his money here, and hath 
told me that Harry Corragh is not only likely to fall into 
decay, and to be disabled from paying of any thing, but 
doth also seeke to lay reprocbes upon me of a bad bar- 
gainc, by reason of your not keeping of condicions. 
What yonr condicions were, by my troth I do not know, 
but they seem not to be the same to me at Dublin as you 
wrot to me of at Clanchie ; for you wrot to me that the 
barrell of oata was sold to him for , and I understood 
at Dublin, that the same was to be but , I bearing 
the fraight and all chardges; to as in effect the same 
came not but to half a crowne the barrell. Get your 
money from liim the best you may, for it is like other- 
wise you will have ill getting it, and then my graine is 

brought to a faire markett. You had don well and wisely 
if at iDublin you had taken his absolut bond lor the money 
with an acknowledgment that he had receaved the grain, 
according to the condicions. I have written this inclosed 
to my Lo. Chancellor, albeit if you had made your bargain 
more wisely, I should not have neede to be troubled, I 
am to pay alsoe some money to Mr. Hogg, vi'^^ he did ex- 
pect to be paid here ; he is now at Dublin himself; it will 
be more easy to pay him there some fortie or fifly pounds, 
which I do wish to be done ere he com away. The rest 
I leave to my lormer letters. — Farewell. I have warned 
Mr. Ormsby to expect his money from you there, with 
some respect to his forbearance, notwithstanding vi"^ he 
thinks himself hardly used. 
" Your brother, 

"James Hamiltone. 

"9 July, 1619. 

" If you find that you cannot be otherwise paid, then 
you may deliver this letter to my Lord Chancellor, w"'' 
I would not otherwise doe if you can receave satisfaction. 

" To William Hamilton, Esq." 

The Lord Chancellor referred to was Sir Adam Loftus, 
Knight, afterwards Viscount Loftus, of Ely, who was ap- 
pointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland, by patent dated 13th 
May, 1619, but was removed, and Sir Richard Bolton, 
Knight, appointed in his place, by writt of Privy Seal, 
dated 6th December, 1639. 



[Extracts from the M'oatgomery MSS. referred to at page 10, ante, note g]. 

" "WTicn the said Laird* had lodged himself in "Westminster, he met at Court with [the said] George^' (his then only 
living brother), who had with longing expectations waited for those happy days. They enjoyed one the other's most 
loving companies, and meditated of bettering and advancing their peculiar stations. Foreseeing that Ireland must 
be the stage to act upon, it being unsettled, and many forfeited lands thereon altogether wasted, they concluded to 
push for fortunes in that kingdom, as the Laird had formerly done; and so, settling a correspondence between them, 
the said George resided much at Court, and the Laird returned to his Lady and their children in Braidstane, and im- 
ploying some friends who traded into the next adjacent coasts of Ulster, he by them (from time to time) was informed 
of the state of that country, whereof he made his benefit (though with gi-eat cost and pains, as hereafter shaU be re- 
lated), giving frequent intimation of occui-rences to his said brother, which were repeated to the King. After the King 
was some months in his palace at Whitehall, even in the first year of his reign, the affairs of Ireland came to be con- 
sidered, and an office of inquest by jurors was held before some judges, whereby the forfeited temporal lands, and 
Abbey lands, and impropriations, and others of that sort, were found to have been vested in the Queen, and to be now 
lawfully descended to the King''; but the rebellion and commotions raised by O'Doherty and his associates in the 
County of Donegal retarded (till next year) the further procedures to settlement. 

" In the mean whUe the said Laird, in the said first year of the King's reign, pitched upon the following way (which 

a Hugh Montgomery (who, as stated at p. 10, ante, had 
attended his Majesty King James VI. on his accession to 
the English throne) was the eldest son of Adam the fifth 
Laird of Biaidstane, in Scotland, and was born about 1560. 
In 1622, he was created Viscount Montgomery, of the 
Great Ards. " His patent purposes to be granted ' on ac- 
count of the many and great deserts, and the assistance 
strenuously afforded by our dear and faithful Hugh Mont- 
gomery, of Braidstane, in our kingdom of Scotland, knight, 
in pacifying of Clandeboye, after rebellion, in the tumults 
of the peasants of Ulster ; also, in pacifying of Ardes, in 
our kingdom of Ireland, a colony of Scots being brought in 
the beginning of our reign over from Great Britain into 
Clandeboye and Ardes. towards the increase of the reformed 
religion, and towards the obedience of the peasants towards 
ns.' In 1626 he had a licence from King Charles I. to im- 
port arms for the use of his tenants, and to pass into Scot- 
land to his estates there as often as he required, especially 
at that time to carry over materials to build a church at 
Port Montgomery (now Portpatrick), which he had pur- 
chased, together with Dunsky Castle and the estate, from 
Sir Robert Adair of Kinhilt, besides getting Newtown- Ai-ds 

made a Borough to return two Members to Parliament, 
with many other privileges. He rebuilt the mansion-house 
there, repaired the old Castle, and the Church, and also 
the Churches at Greyabbey and Comber, and built a large 
Church hi Donaghadee, and another in Portpatrick, and 
repaired the Church in Kilmore Parish, and furnished all 
these six houses of God with large Bibles of the new trans- 
lation, and Common Prayer Books of 1603, being a firm 
professed friend to the Established Protestant religion. 
He also built that very useful work, the quay and harbour 
of Donaghadee, and erected a gi-eat school in Newtownards, 
wliich he endowed. He departed this life at his house 
there, after a long and useftil life, on the 2.5th of May, 1636, 
in the seventy-sixth year of his age, universally revered 
and loved, obeyed by the Iiish, and much esteemed by Con 
ONeUl and his followers, but especially by his own tenants 
and planters, who deeply lamented his loss, as their great 
protector and patron." — Mrs. Beilly's Genealogical History 
of the family of Montgomery, pp. 41-2. 

i> Then Dean of Norwich, and Chaplain to the King, and 
afterwards Bishop ofMeath,to which See he was promoted 
in 161U, and died in 1620. 


he thought most fair and feazable) to get an estate in lands, even with free consent of the forfeiting owner of them, 
and it was thus, viz.:— The said Laird (in a short time after his return from the English Court) had got full infor- 
mation from his [said] trading friends of Con O'xVeil's ciise and imprisonment in Carrickfergus towne, on account 
ofaquarreU made by his servants with some soldiers in Belfast, done before the Queen died, which happened in 
manner ncit following, to witt :— The said servants being sent with runletts to bring wine from Belfast [aforesaid], 
unto the said Con. their master and Great Teirne, as they caUed him, then in a grand debauch at Castlereagh, with 
his brothers, his friends, and followers ; they, returning (without wine) to him, battered and bled, complained, that 
the soldiers had taken the ^nue, with the casks, from them by force. Con inquiring (of them) into the matter, they 
confessed their number twice exceeded the soldiers, who indeed had abused them, they being very di-unk. On this 
report of the said servants, Con was vehemently moved to anger ; reproached them bitterly ; and, in rage, swore 
by his father, and all his noble ancestors' soids, that none of them should ever serve him or his family (for he 
was married and had issue) if they went not back forthwith, and did not revenge the affront done to him and them- 
selves by those few Boddagh Sasonagh soldiers (as he termed them). The said servants (as yet more than half 
drunk), avowed to execute that revenge, and hastened away instantly ; arming themselves in the best way they 
could, in that short time, and engaged the same soldiers (from words to blows), assaulting them with their 
weapons; and in the scuffle (for it was no orderly fight), one of the soldiers happened to receive a wound, of 
which he died that night, and some other slashes were given ; but the Teagues were beattn off and chased, some 
sore wounded and others killed ; only the best runners got away scott free. The pursuit was not far, because the 
toidiers feared a second assault from the hill of Castlereagh, where the said Con, with his two brothers, friends, and 
followers (for want of more dorgh) stood beholders of the chase. Then in a week next after this fray, an office of 
inquest was held on Con, and those of his said friends and followers, and also on the servants, and on all that 
were suspected to be procurers, advisers, or actors therein, and all of whom the Provost Marshall could seize 
(unere taken), by which otKce the said Con, with some of his friends, were found guilty of levying war against 
the Queen. This mischief happened a few months . before her death; and the whole matter being well known to 
the said Laird, and his brothers, and his friends, soon after the King's accession to the English Crown, early ap- 
plication was made to his Majesty for a grant of half the said Con's lands, the rest to Con himself, which was 
readily pronwsed, but could not, till the second of his reign, by any means be performed, by reason of the obstacles 
at the settlement of Ireland aforesaid. 

" But I must a little go retrograde, to make my report of their affairs better understood. The Laird having met 
with his brother, and returned from London (as before mentioned), came home (his second son being then about 
the third year of his age), and industriously minded the affairs in Ireland ; and, b) his said brother, gave frequent 
intimations to the King, or his Secretary for Scotland, of all occurrences he could learne, especially out of Ulster 
(which had never been fully made subject to England) ; which services of the Laird, and the King's promise, were 
by his brother renewed in the King's memory, as occasion served to that purpose. And the effects answered his 
pains and expectations, which was in this manner, viz. — The Queen being dead, the King filling her (late) throne, 
O'Doherty soon subdued, and the Chief-Governors in this kingdom of Ireland forseeiug alterations in places, and 
the King's foimer connivance of supplies, and his secret favors to the O'Neils and McDoimells, in counties of Down 
and Antrim (being now well known), as to make them his friends, and a future party for facilitating his peace- 
able entr}- and possession in those nortbcra parts of the country (if needful), it so came to pass that the said 
Con had liberty to walk at his pleasure (in the day time) in the streets of Carrickfergus, and to entertain his friends 
and tenants in any m-tualling house within the towne, having only a single sentinel to keep him in custody, and every 
night delivered him to the Marshall. And thus Con's confinement (which lasted several months after the Queen's 
death) was the easier, and supportable enough, in regard that his estate was not seized by the escheators, and that his 
words (at his grand debauch aforesaid) were reputed very pardonable, seeing greater offences would be remitted by his 
Majesty's gracious declaration of amnesty, wliich was from time to time expected, but delayed on the obstacles aforesaid. 

" In the mean time, the Laird used the same sort of contiivauce for Con's escape as he had heretofore done for his 
own ; and thus it was, viz.:— The Laird had formerly employed, for iuteUigence as aforesaid, one Thomas Montgomery, 


of Blackstown, a fee farmer (in Scotland, they call such gentlemen fcuers), he -was a cadet of the family of Braidstane, 
but of a remote sanguinity to the Laird, whose actions are now related. This Thomas had personally divers times 
traded with grain and other things to Carrickfergus, and was well trusted therein ; and had a small bark, of which he 
was owner and constant commander ; which Thomas being a discreet, sensible gentleman, and having a fair prospect 
given him of raising his fortune in Ireland, was now employed and furnished with instractions and letters to the said 
Con, who, on a second speedy application in the affair, consented to the terms proposed by the Laird, and to go to hira 
at Braidstane, provided the said Thomas would bring his escape so about as if constrained, by force and fears of death, 
to go with him. These resolutions being with full secrecy concerted, Thomas aforesaid (as the Laird had formerly 
advised) having made love to the Town Marshall's daughter, called Annas Dobbin (whom I have often seen and spoken 
with, for she lived in Newtown till Anno 1664), and had gained her's and parent's consents to be wedded together. 
This took umbrages of suspicion away, and so, by contrivance with his espoused, an opportunity, one night, was given 
to the said Thomas and his barque's crew to take on board the said Con, as it were by force, he making no noise for 
fear of being stabbed, as was reported next da^ through the town. 

" The escape being thus made, and the bark, before ' next sunset, arriving safe at the Larggs, in Scotland, on no- 
tice thereof our valourous and well-bred Laird kept his state, staying at home, and sent his brother-in-law, Patrick 
Montgomery (of whom at large hereafter, for he was also instrumental in the escape), and other friends, with a 
number of his tenants, and some servants, all well mounted and armed, as was usual in those days, to salute the said 
Con, to congratulate his happy escape, and to attend him to Braidstane, where he was joyfully and courteously re- 
ceived by the Laird and his Lady, with their nearest friends. He was kindly entertained and treated with a due def- 
ference to his birth and quality, and observed with great respect by the Laird's children and servants, they being 
taught so to behave themselves. In this place the said Con entered into indenture of articles of agreement, the 
tenor whereof was, that the said Laird should entertain aud subsist him, the said Con, in quality of an Esq,, and 
also his followers in their moderate aud ordinary expenses ; should procure his pardon for all his and their crimes 
and transgressions against the law (which indeed were not very heinous or erroneous), and should get the inquest 
to be vacated, and the one-half of his estate' (whereof Castlereagh and circumjacent lands to be a part), to be 
granted to himself by letters patent from the King ; to obtain for him that he might be admitted to kiss his Ma- 
jesty's hand, and to have a general reception into favour ; all this to be at the proper expenses, costs, and charges 
of the said Laird, who agreed aud covenanted to the performance of the premises on his part. lu consideration 
whereof, the said Con did agi-ee, covenant, grant, and assign, by the said indenture, the other one-half of all his 
land estate, to be and enure to the only use aud behoof of the said Laird, his heirs and assigns, at which time the 
said Con, also signing and registering, but no sealing of deeds being usual in Scotland, he promised by an instru- 
ment in writing to convey part of his own moiety unto the said Patrick and Thomas, as a requital of their pains for 
him, which he afterwards performed, the said Laird signing as consenting to the said instrument, the said agree- 
ments being fully endorsed and registered (as I was told) in the town council book of the Eoyal Burgh of Air or 
Irwine. The original of that indenture to the Laird, I had and shewed to many worshipful persons, but it was bui-nt 
with the house of Rosemoimt, the 16th of February, 169-5. 

" Upon the said agreement the said Laird and Con went to "Westminster, where the said George had been many 
months Chaplain and Ordinary to his Majesty, and was provided with a living in London, in commendam, Avith 
above £200 per annum, and the Laird was there assumed to be an Esq. of the King's body, and soon after this was 
knighted, and therefore I must call him in the following pages by the name of Sir Hugh Montgomery, who made 
speedy application to the King (already prepared), on which the said Con was graciously received at Court, and 
kissed the King's hand, and Sir Hugh's petition, on both their behalfs, was granted, and orders given, under the 
Privy Signet, that his Majesty's pleasure therein should be confirmed by letters patent, under the Great Seal of 
Ireland, at such rents as therein expressed, aud under conditions that the lands should be planted with British 
Protestants, and that no grant of fee farm should be made to any persons of meer Irish extraction ; but in regard 
these letters took no effect, as in the next paragraph appears, I shall make no fm'ther mention thereof, but wiU proceed 
to what afterwards happened to the said Sir Hugh and Con. 


.' Now these affairs, as also Con's' escape and journey vrith Sir Hugh, and their errand, took time and wind at Court, 
notwithstanding theirs (and the said George's) endeavours to conceal them from the prying courtiers (the busiest 
bodies in all the world in other men's matters which may profit themselves), so that in the interim one Sir 
James FuUerton, a great fovourite, who loved ready money, and to live in Court, more than in waste wildernesses 
in Ulster, and afterwards had got a patent clandestinely passed for some of Con's lands, made suggestions to the 
Kin" that the lands granted to Sir Hugh and Con were vast territories, too large for two men of their degree, and 
mi-ht serve for three Lord-s estates, and that his Majesty, wlio was already said to be overhastily liberal, had been 
oveVreached as to the quantity and value of the lands, and therefore begged his Majesty that Mr. James Hamilton, 
who had furnished himself for some years last past with intelligence from Dublin, very important to his Majesty, 
might be admitted to a third share of that which was intended to be granted to Sir Hugh and Con. Whereupon, a 
stop was put to the passiug of the said letters patent, which overtiu:ned all the progress (a work of some months) 
that Sir Hugh had made to obtain the said orders for himself and Con. But the King sending first for Sir Hugh, told 
him (respecting the reasons aforesaid) for what loss he might receive in not getting the full half of Con's estate by that 
defalcation, he would compensate him out of the Abbey lands and impropriations, which in a few months he was to 
rrant in fee, they being already granted in lease for twenty-one years ; and that he would also abstract out of Con's 
half, the whole great Ardes for his and Mr. James Hamilton's behoof, and throw it into their two shares ; that the sea 
coasU might be possessed by Scottish men who would be traders, as proper for his Majestie's future advantage, the 
residue, to be laid off about Castlereagh (which Con had desired) being too great a favour for such an Irishman. 

" All this being privately told by the King, was willingly submitted to by the said Sir Hugh, and soon after this 
he and Con were called before the King, who declared to them both his pleasure concerning the partitions as afore- 
said, to which they submitted. On notice of which procedure Mr. James Hamilton was called over by the said Sir 
James FuUerton, and came to "Westminster, and having kissed the King's hand, was admitted the King's servant (but 
not in a great while knighted ; therefore, hereafter I shall make mention of him as Sir James Hamilton, in its due 
place) ; all which contrivance brought money to Sir James FuUerton, for whose sake and request it was the readilyer 
done by the King. Sir Hugh and Mr. Hamilton met, and adjusted the whole afi'air between themselves. Whereupon 
letters of warrant to the Deputy, dated 16th April, 3rd Jacob. 1605, were granted to pass all the premises, by letters 
patent, under the Great Seal of Ireland, accordingly, in which the said Sir James FuUerton obtained further of the 
King, that the letter to the Deputy should require him that the patent should be passed in Mr. James Hamilton's 
name alone, yielding one hundred pounds per annum to the King; and in the said letter was inserted that the said 
lands were in trust for the said Mr. Hamilton himself, and for Sir Hugh Montgomery, and for Con O'Neill, to the 
Uke purport already expressed. 

" Then the said Con, Sir Hugh Montgomery, and Mr. HamUton entered into tripartite indentures, dated ulto. of 
the said April, whereby (inter alia) it was agreed that unto Con and his foUowers their moderate ordinary expenses 
from the 1st of August preceding the date now last mentioned, being already paid them, should be continued them, till 
patents were got out for their pardons, and also deeds from Mr. HamUton for Con's holding the estate which the King 
had condescended to grant him. Soon after this Mr. HamUton went to DubUn to mind his business, and to ply telis 
extrmiit for the furtherance of it. 

" AH this being done, and Sir Hugh having no more business (at present) at WhitehaU, he resolved with conve- 
nient Bpeed to go through Scotland into Ireland, to follow his affairs, which he did so soon as he had renewed his 
friendship with the English and Scottish Secrecarj'S, and laid down further methods, with his said brother, of inter- 
course between themselves for their mutual benefit; and the said Con, wcU minding Sir J. FuUerton's interposition 
for Mr. Hamilton (whereby he was a great loser), and that the patent for his lands was to be passed in Mr. HamUton's 
own name, and only a bare trust expressed for his (Con's) use, in the letters of warrant aforesaid, he thought it neces- 
sary that Sir Hugh and he should look to their hitts. They therefore took leave at Court; (and being thoro' ready) 
th*-y went to Edinborough and Braidstanc, and after a short necessary stay for recruits of money, they passed into Ire- 
Uod, taking with them the warrant for Con, his indemnity, pardon, and profit. 


" Mr. Hamilton having gone to Dublin, as aforesaid, then (viz.) on the 4th July, 1605, (being two months and four 
days posterior to the said tripartite indenture), a second office was taken, whereby all the towns, lands, manors, abbeys, 
impropriations, and such hereditaments in Upper Clanneboys and Ardes, were found to be in the King ; it bearing a 
reference (as to spiritual possessions) for more certainty, unto the office taken concerning them, primo Jac. Ao. 1603 ; 
and also it was shuffled into it, that Ivillulta was usually held to lye in the County of Down ; this office being returned 
and im'oUed in September then next following, it was (by inspection thereof) found to vary from the jurors' briefs and 
notes, and from many particulars iu the office taken 1st Jac, and the matter of KiUulta was amiss. 

" About this time, the inquisition found against Con and his followers for the feats at Belfast aforesaid, being 
vacated and taken off the file in the King's Bench Court, and the pardon for himself and aU his followers, for all their 
other crimes and trespasses against law being passed under the Great Seal, and the deed of the 6th Nov., 1605, from 
Mr. Hamilton of Con's lands, being made to himself. Con then returned in triumph over his enemies (who thought to 
have had his life and estate), and was met by his friends, tenants, and followers, the most of them on foot, the better 
sort had geiTans, some had pannels for saddles (we call them back bughams) and the greater part of the riders without 
them; and but very few spurrs in the troop, yet instead thereof they might have thorn prickles in their brogue heels 
(as is usual), and perhaps not one of the concourse had a hat ; but the gentry (for sure) had their done wosle barrads, 
the rest might have sorry scull caps, otherwise (in reverence and of necessity) went cheerfully pacing or trotting bare- 
headed. Con being so come in state (in Dublin equipage) to Castle reagh, where no doubt his vassals (tagg-ragg and 
bob-tail) gave to their Teirne More, Squire Con, all the honour and homage they could bestow, presenting him with 
store of beeves, colpaghs, sheep, hens, bonny blabber, rusan butter (such as it was) ; as for cheese, I heard nothing of 
it (which to this day is very seldom made by the Irish), and there was some greddan meal strowans, with snush and 
bolean, as much as they could get to regale him ; where I will leave him and them to congratulate each other's inter- 
view, till other occasions to write of him offer themselves, and he gave them not many months after this time. But 
good countrymen (Erinagh or Gelagh), Irish or English, if you believe not this treat as aforesaid, neither do I, because 
I could not see it, nor was I certainly informed ; many histories have stories in them, for writers make Kings' and 
Gentlemen's speeches, which, perhaps, they never uttered ; however, the worst on my part in this is, that it is a joke, 
and such I hope you will allow it, and also the Pope's own country Italian proverb, used in the holy city, and the 
mother (Church) Rome itself, viz.: — Si non e vero e ben trovato — if it be not truth, it is well invented for mirth's sake, 
and so I intended it, for it is not unlikely. 

" But before I recount the after actions I mean to treat of, I must mention two transactions more between him and 
Sir Hugh, viz : — On 14th March, the same 3d Jac. according to English supputation, Ano 1605, but by the Scottish 
account 1606 (for they have January for the first mouth of their year, as the almanacs begin the calender),'' Con, 
specifying very honorable and valuable considerations him thereunto moving, makes and grants a deed of feofment 
of aU his lands unto Sir Hugh Montgomery (then returned from Braidstane to prepare habitations for his family) , 
John M'Dowel, of Garthland, Esq., and Colonel David Boyd, appointed to take and give livery of seizin to Sir 
Hugh, which was executed accordingly the 5th September following, within the six months limited by the statutes in 
such cases made and provided, the other was added from Con conveying by sale unto Sir Hugh Montgomery, the 
woods growing on four townlands therein named — this sale was dated the 22d August, 4th Jac". 1606. Patrick Mont- 

• An English Act of Parliament was passed in 1751, the vernal or spring equinox, which at the time of the 

entitled, " An Act for regulating the commencement of General Council of Nice, a.d. 325, happened on the 21st 

the Year, and for correcting the Kalendar now in use," of March, now fell on the 9th or 10th of that month ; that 

the preamble of which recites that, according to the legal this error was still increasing ; that a method of correcting 

supputation in England, the year began on the 25th of the kalendar had been received and established, and was 

March ; that this practice had produced various incon- generally practised by almost all other nations of Europe ; 

veniences, not only from its diifering from the usage of and that it would be of general convenience to merchants, 

neighbouring nations, but also from the legal computation and others corresponding with foreign nations, if the like 

in Scotland, and from the common iisage throughout the correction were received and established in his Majesty's 

whole Kingdom ; that the Julian kalendar, then in use, dominions, 
had been discovered to be erroneous, by means whereof 


eomery and John Cashan beinj Con's attorney., took and gave livery of seizin ; accordingly this much enco^^ed the 
Sm^on which be^ in May this year. Likewise, the said Mr. HamUton (as he had done to Con) by deed dated 
Lit day after that conveyance to Con, viz., on the 7th November, 1605, grants to Sir Hugh Montgomery divers tem- 
poral and spiritual (as they call them) lands in Clanneboys and Great Ardes; thus part of the trust and covenants in 
the tripartite indenture was performed to him. So Sir Hugh returned from DubUn, and (as hereafter shaU be said) 
taking possession, he went forthwith to Braidstane, and engaged planters to dwell thereon. 

" Now on the whole matter ot Sir Hugh Montgomery's transactions with and for Con O'Neil, the benefits done to 
him 'will appear very considerable, as the bringing them to pass was very costly and difficult, as followeth, viz. :-Con 
(by the said transporting and mediation for him) had escaped the eminent danger of losing both his Ufe and estate ; 
biause, by the said iuqu«st against him, his said words (and perhaps his commands, too) were proved fully enough; 
or they mi-ht have been entered therein, and also managed (in future) so dexterously by the covetors of benefit arising 
out of the forfeitures, as to make him guilty of levying war against the Queen, which (by law in Ireland) is treason.^ 
/ Moreover, Con's title was bad, because imprimis by Act of Parliament in Ireland, 11th EUzabeth, Shane O'Neil, who 
■ had engaged aU Ulster in rebcUion, being killed by Alex. Oge M'ConneU (so the statute surnames the M'Donnell), the 
whole sept of O'NeU were aU attainted of treason, and the whole country of Clanneboys, and the hereditaments be- 
longing to them, or any of their kinsmen and adherents (besides Shane's patrimony in Tireowen) now vested in the 
Queen's actual possession, and did lawfuUy descend to King James, and was his right as wearing the Crown. « And 

<• The Act of 10th Hennr VII., c. 13, Jr., entitled " An Act 
that no person stir any Irishry to make war," is probably 
that alluded to in the text, and enacts " That whatsoever 
person or persons fro' this day forward, cause assemble, or 
insurrection conspiracies, or in any wise procure or stirre 
Irishry or Englishry to make warre against our Sovereign 
Lord the King's authority— that is to say, his Lieutenant, 
or Deputy, or Justice, or else, if any manner person pro- 
care or stir the Irishry to m:\ke waiTe upon the Englishry, 
be deemed traytor atteyent of High Treason, in likewise 
such as assemble an insurrection had been levied against 
the King's own person." 

• The Editor of these MSS. thinks it right to observe 
that this argument of the author of the Montgomery MSS., 
which has been followed by every subsequent writer on the 
subject, founded on the allegation of Con O'Neill's had 
title, is not borne out by the Act of Parliament above 
referred to (11th Eliz., sess. 3, chap. 1), which is one 
of the most extraordinary on the Irish Statute Book ; 
because, although the statute, after stating at great 
length the several treasons committed by Shane O'Neill, 
proceeds to attaint him for them, and to extinguish 
and extirpate the name of O'Neill, and enacts, '• That 
all the lords, captains, and people of Ulster, shall be 
from henceforth severed, exempted, and cut off from 
all rule and authority of O'Neyle, and shall onely depend 
upon your Imperiall Crowne of England, and yeeld to the 
same their subjection, obedience, and services for ever," yet 
the 4th section contains the following remarkable provi- 
sion : — " And where diverse of the lords and captains of 
Ulster, as the sept of the Neyles, which possesseth the 
coontry of Claneboy, O'Cahan, MacGwylin, the inhabitants 
of the Gljnnes, which hath been sometimes the Baron 
Misset's lands, and of late usurped by the Scots, whereof 
James MacConyll did call himselfe lord and conqueror, 
MacGynnes, O'Hanlon, Hugh MacNeile Moore; the four 
•cptes of the MacMahounnes, MacKyvan, and MacCan, 
hath been at the commaundementof the said traytour Shane 

O'Neyle, in this sharp and trayterous warre by him levied 
against your Majestic, your Majestie's crown and dignitie ; 
for whose offences, be it enacted, &c.. That your Majestic, 
your heyres and successors, shall have, hold, possesse, and 
enjoy, as in right of your Imperiall Crown of England, the 
countrey of Tyrone, the countrey of Claneboy, the coun- 
trey of Kryne, called O'Cahan's countrey, the coimtrey of 
Rowte, called Mac Gwylin's coimtrey, the countrey and 
lordship of the Glynnes, usurped by the Scots, the countrey 
of Iveagh, called MacGynnes' countrey, the countrey of 
Orry, called O'Hanlon's countrey, the countrey of the Fues, 
called Hugh MacNeyle More's countrey, the countries of 
Ferny, Ireel, Loghty, and Dartalry , called MacMahon's coun- 
tries, the countries of the Troo, called MacKynan's, and 
the countrey of Clancanny, called Mackan's countrey, and 
all the honours, manours, castles, lands, tenements, and 
other hereditaments whatsoever they be, belonging or ap- 
pertaining to any of the persons aforesaid, or to their kins- 
men or adherents, in any of the countries and territories 
before specified ; and that all and singular the premisses, 
with their appurtenances, shall be. by authoritie aforesaid, 
forthwith invested with the reall and actuail possession of 
your Majestie, your heyres and successors, for ever. And 
now, most gracious and our redoubted Sovereign Lady, 
albeit that the said lords and captains be not able to jus- 
tifie themselves in the eye of the law, for the undutifull 
adhering to the said traytour O'Neyle, in the execution of 
his false and trayterous attempts against your Majestie, 
your crowne, and dignitie ; yet, having regard to his great 
tyranny which he used over them, and the mistrust of your 
Majestie's earnest following the warre, to deliver them from 
his tyrannical bondage, as you have most graciously and 
honourably done, wee must think, that rather fear, than 
any good devotion, moved the most part of them, to stand 
80 long of his side, which is partly verified in that many of 
them came unto your Majestie's said Deputie, long before 
the death of the said traytour, and that after his decease, 
Tirrelagh Leinagh, whom the countrey had elected to he 


Con's title being but a claim by tanistry, whereby a man at full years is to be chosen and preferred to the estate (during 
his life) before a boy, and an xincle before a nephew-heir under age, whose grandfather survived the fatber ; and so 

O'Neyle, and all the rest of the said Lords and captains, 
camei by their owne voluntarie accord, into the presence 
of your Majestie's said Deputie, being then in Ulster, and 
there, with signs and tokens of great repentance, did 
humbly submit themselves, their lives, and lands, into your 
Majestie's hands, craving your mercy and favour, with 
solemne oathes, and humble submissions in writing, never 
to swerve from that their professed loyaltie and fidelitie to 
your Imperiall Crown of England. And, therefore, we 
your Majestie's ancient, obedient, true, and faithful sub- 
jects of this your realm of Ireland, with these your strayed 
and new-reconciled people, fleeing now under the wings 
of your grace and mercy, as their onely refuge, most 
humbly and lowly make our humble petition unto your 
most excellent Majestie, that it would please the same to 
behold with your pitLfull eyes the long endured miserie of 
your said strayed people, and rather with easie remission, 
than with due correction, to looke into their offences past, 
and not onely to extend unto them your gracious pardon of 
their lives, but also to have such mercifull consideration of 
them, as each according to his degree and good hope and 
desert may receive of your most bounteous liberaliiie such 
portions of their sayd several countries to live on by Eng- 
lish tenure and profitable reservations, as to your Majestie 
shall seem good and convenient ; in the distribution 
whereof your Highnesse said Deputie is best able to in- 
form your Majestie, as one which by great search and 
travayle doth loiowe the quantity of the said countreys, the 
nature of the soyles, the quality of the people, the diver- 
sities of their lynages, and which of them hath best de- 
served your Majestie's favor to be extended in this be- 
half.'' And it would appear, from the following documents, 
that, in pursuance of the foregoing provision in the statute 
of Elizabeth, Con M'Neale Oge, the then captain of Clane- 
boy, was not only allowed to remain in peaceable possession 
of his lands from the date of the foregoing Act, passed in 
1569, but that he became a dutiful subject of her Majesty, 
by whom he was knighted ; and that, in 1586, he surrendered 
his manor and lordship of Castlereagh, for the purpose of 
being re-granted to him to be held of her Majesty, her 
heirs and successors ; and that, in 1587, it was re-granted 
to him accordingly, in consideration of his faithful services 
and allegiance ; — 

" 24th March, 1586— 28th Elizabeth.— To all to whom 
these presents shall come. Con M'Neal Oge, Knight, 
sendeth greeting : Know ye that I, the aforesaid knight, 
for divers good and reasonable causes me thereunto spe- 
cially moving, and for the better government of the County 
of Downe, in the Province of Ulster, of my free will, have 
given, granted, surrendered, and confirmed to the most 
illustrious Princess and Lady, Elizabeth, Queen of Eng- 
land, France, and Ireland, and Defender of the Faith, 
&c., my whole manor or lordship of Castlereaghe, in the 
County of Downe, and all and singular other manors, 
lordships, castles, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, 
reversions, towns, townlands, or hamlets, mills, waters, 
water-courses, meadows, pastures, feeding of pasture, 
trees, woods, imderwood, houses, edifices, granges, dove- 
cotes, fisheries, annuities, weirs, pools, advowsons, pat- 

ronage of churches, chapels, and courts of every kind, 
courts leet, views of frank-pledge, and all the rights, pos- 
sessions, lands, and temporal hereditaments whatsoever, of 
whatever kind, nature, or species, that may be, or by what- 
soever names they are commonly known, with all and 
singular the rights, members, and appurtenances to the 
aforesaid manor or lordship of Castlereagh and the other 
premises aforesaid, belonging, or in any manner apper- 
taining, situate, lying, and being in the aforesaid County 
of Downe, or elsewhere within this Kingdom of Ireland, 
and also the rents, issues, and profits of all and singular the 
aforesaid premises above expressed and specified, 'To Have, 
Hold, and enjoy the aforesaid lordship or manor of Castle- 
reagh, and all and singular near the aforesaid lordships, 
manors, territories, tenements, and other hereditaments 
whatsoever above mentioned, with all and singular their 
rights, members, and appurtenances to the aforesaid Lady 
our Queen, and her successors for ever, to the use of the 
said Lady the Qaeen, her heirs and successors. In testi- 
mony whereof I have hereunto affixed my seal, this 24th 
day of March, in the 29th year of the reign of our aforesaid 
Lady, Queen Elizabeth, a.d. 1586. 

" Sra Con, X his marke. 
" Memorandum — That the aforesaid Knight, on the day 
and year aforesaid, made and delivered this his surrender 
to the use of the said Lady the Queen, in presence of us 
whose names foUow, at the Chancery, Dublin. 


"Ro. Legge." 
" 30th March, 1587— 29th Elizabeth— By the Lord De- 
puty Perrott. — Letters Patent enrolled in the Chancery of 
Ireland. — To all to whom these presents shall come, greet- 
ing : Whereas our beloved subject Con M'Neale Oge, of 
Castlereagh, in the County of Downe, Knight, of his own 
free will, in writing, under his seal, sealed, bearing date 
the 24th day of March, in the 29th year of our reign, in 
this Chancery of Ireland, of record, and enrolled, gave, 
granted, and confirmed to us, our heirs and successors, his 
manor or lordship of Castlereaghe, in the aforesaid County 
of Downe, and all and singular other lordships, manors, 
castles, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, reversions, 
towns, townlands, or hamlets, services, mills, water-courses, 
meadows, pastures, feedings, trees, woods, underwoods, 
houses, edifices, granges, dove-cotes, fisheries, waters, 
weirs, pools, annuities, advowsons, patronage of churches, 
chapels, and courts of every kind, courts leet, views of 
frank-pledge, and aU privileges to the same belonging, and 
all the rights, possessions, customs, privileges, liberties, 
and temporal hereditaments whatsoever, of whatever kind, 
nature, or species they may be, and by whatever names 
they are commonly used or known, with all the rights, 
members, and appurtenances to the said lordship or manor 
of Castlereagh aforesaid, and other the premises aforesaid 
belonging, or in any way appertaining, situate, lying, and 
being in our said County of Downe, or elsewhere within 
our Kingdom of Ireland, to the intent that we, by our Letters 
Patent, should re-grant all and singular the premises to the 
said Con Oge O'Neile, Knight, and his heirs, To Hold of 


mnny times thev preferred persons, and their descendants intruded by strong hands, and extruded the true lineal heir. 
And Con's immediate predecessors, Brian Fortagh O'Neil, &c., Con's reputed grandfather, and father, were intruders 

us, onr heirs and successors, in capite, as by the said 
Letters Patent will more fully appear. Know Ye that We 
as well in consideration of the grant and surrender aforesaid 
as in consideration of the faithful services and allegiance 
of the said Con M'Neale Oge, Knight, and his heirs, to us, 
our heirs and successors, from time to time offered and 
done, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere 
motion, and with the advice and consent cf our well-be- 
loved and faithful counsellor, Sir John Perrott, Knight, our 
Deputy and Governor-General of this Kingdom of Ireland, 
according to the form and effect of certain letters under 
our hand and seal, dated from our manor of Greenwich the 
20tli day of January in the '27th year of our reign, to the 
said Deputy and Governor-General directed, and enrolled 
in the Chancery of Ireland, We do give and grant, and by 
these presents, for us our heirs and successors, have given 
and granted to the aforesaid Con M'Keale Oge, Knight, 
during his life, and after his decease to his reputed son 
Hugh O'Neale, .and after his decease to the heirs male of 
the body of the said Hugh lawfully begotten, and for want 
of such issue male of the body of the said Hugh, lawfully 
begotten, or to be begotten, then with remainder to the 
heirs male of the body of the aforesaid Con M'Neale Oge, 
Knight, lawfally begotten, or to be begotten, the aforesaid 
manor or lordship of Castlereagh, in our aforesaid County 
of Downe, and all houses, edifices, lands, tenements, rents, 
reversions, services, liberties, and hereditaments whatso- 
ever belonging, or in any manner appertaining, with all 
and singular other the lordships, manors, castles, mes- 
suages, lands, tenements, rents, reversions, towns, town- 
lands, or hamlets, and all other and singular the premises 
to the same belonging and appertaining, with all and sin- 
gular the rights, members, liberties, and appurtenances to 
ns, in form aforesaid suiTendered, excepting and reserving 
always to us, onr heirs and successors, all manors, houses, 
castles, edifices, lands, tenements, rents, services, liberties, 
and hereditaments of every kind, being part, parcel, or 
member, or appurtenant to any abbey, priory, chantry, 
monastery, or religious house, which devolved upon us or 
our progenitors, whether enacted by Act of Parliament or 
coming by any other means whatsoever, To Have, hold, 
and enjoy all the aforesaid manors, lordships, messuages, 
lands, tenements, and other hereditaments, with all and 
singular their rights, members, liberties, and appurtenances 
above specified in the form aforesaid, except as before ex- 
cepted, from the day of the date aforesaid, to the said Con 
M'Neale Oge, Knight, during his life, and after his decease 
then with remainder to the aforesaid Hugh O'Neale, his 
reputed son, and the heirs male of the body of the said 
Hugh, lawiully begotten or to be begotten, and for want of 
snch issue then with remainder to the heirs male of the 
body of the aforesaid Con M'Neale Oge, Knight, lawfully 
begotten and to be begotten, To Hold of us, our heirs, and 
successors, in capite by knight's service— viz., by service 
of one knight's fee when the scutage happens, and render- 
ing and paying to us, our heirs and successors, annually, 
during the estate interest and remainder aforesaid, between 
the festival of Michael the Archangel and All Saints then 
next following, 250 cows or oxen, called beefs, at the 
Newrje, into the hand of the Vice-Treasurer, or of the 

Receiver-General of this our Kingdom of Ireland, or into 
the hand of some other, and so from time to time imposed 
by legitimate power or authority ; And, further, that the 
aforesaid Con M'Neale Oge, Knight, and Hugh O'Neale, 
his reputed son, and the heirs male of their bodies, shall 
serve, answer, and attend in and upon our De"uty. or other 
the Governor or Governors of our Kingdom of Ireland, or 
upon the Governor or Governors of our Province of Ulster, 
in the Northern parts of our Kingdom of Ireland, for the 
time being, at all hostings, risings-out, and journeys, with 
sixty kernes or footmen, and twelve horsemen, armed in 
warlike manner, and victualled for forty days, for our ser- 
vice in anyplace where they shall be assigned or appointed 
to serve against the rebels, or enemies of us, our heirs and 
successors, in form aforesaid within this our Kingdom of 
Ireland. Provided always, that upon any necessity requir- 
ing it the aforesaid Con O'Neale Oge, Knight, and Hugh 
O'Neale, his son, and their heirs aforesaid, shall from time 
to time find, and keep, and with victuals sustain and 
maintain, for the service of us, our heirs and successors, 
60 knights called soldiers, during which time of sustenta- 
tion of (JO soldiers the aforesaid rent of '250 cows or oxen, 
called beefs, shall altogether cease, and from the aforesaid 
Con M'Neale Oge, Knight, and Hugh, his son, and their 
heirs aforesaid, shall not be demanded nor required. And, 
further, of our special grace, with the advice and consent 
aforesaid, we will, and by these presents do grant for us, 
our heirs and successors, that the aforesaid Con M'Neale 
Oge, Knight, and his son Hugh O'Neale, and his heirs 
aforesaid, may have and enjoy one moiety, or half of all 
the goods and chattels of felons within the aforesaid pre- 
mises, or the liberties or jurisdictions within the same, 
attainted or convicted, and a moiety of all and singular 
waifs and estrays within the premises aforesaid at any time 
accruing or happening, the other half to us, our heirs, and 
successors from time to time, always reserved for the use 
of us, our heirs, and successors, for ever, at the receipt of 
our Exchequer in Ireland. And, further, for the conside- 
rations aforesaid, we will, and for us, our heirs and suc- 
cessors, do give, and by these presents grant to the afore- 
said Con M'Neale Oge, Knight, and Hugh O'Neale, and 
their heirs in form aforesaid, that the aforesaid Con and 
Hugh, and their heirs aforesaid, may be henceforth free, 
quiet, and exonerated from all and singular compositions 
before this time made or imposed, excepting and reserving 
only our prerogative over our subjects in the Northern 
parts aforesaid, and all rents and other agreements and 
provisions specified above in these Letters Patent: Provided 
always, that if the aforesaid Con M'Neale Oge, Knight, or 
the aforesaid Hugh O'Neale, or any of the heirs male of 
the body of either of them begotten or to be begotten, 
shall alienate, sell, or dispose of any of the premises above 
granted, except for the term of their life, or twenty-one 
years in possession, then these Letters Patent shall be 
void and of no effect in law, and thereupon it shall be law- 
ful for us, our heirs, and successors into the premises, and 
every part thereof, to re-enter, and the same to have again 
in our former estate anything herein contained notwith- 
standing; And we wiU, and by these presents, for us, our 
heirs and successors, do grant unto the aforesaid Con 


as himself also -n-as) into the Queen's right and possession, in those troublesome times especially, whilst Hugh O'Neil, 
■whom the Queen restored to his predecessor's possessions, and to the title of Earl of Tireowen {alias Tireogen in Irish 
speech), rebelled and ravaged over aU Ulster, and most other parts in Ireland, until the latter end of the year of the 
Queen's reign, of whose death he had not hoard till he had submitted himself prisoner to the Lord Deputy Chichester, 
in Mellefont. The said Brian Neil and Con so intruding into Clanneboys and the Great Ardes, in those days of 
general confusion, and (for peace sake) winked at, they continued their profession, and at sometimes more avowedly (by 
reason of the fewness and weakness of the English Garrisons) did take up rents, cuttings, duties, and cesses ; coshering 
also upon their underlings, being therein assisted by thei v. kindred and followers, whom they kept in pay, as soldiers, 
to be ready on all occasions (when required) to serve him. 

" This being the pickle wherein Con was soused, and his best claim but an unquiet possession, usurpation and intru- 
sion against the laws of the kingdom, neither his ancestors nor himself being released from that attainder aforesaid, 
nor he anywise set rectus m curia for joining with Hugh O'Xeil, it must needs follow, by all reasonable consequences, 
that Sir Hugh Montgomery had done many mighty acts for the rescue and welfare of Con himself, his friends, and 
followers, as hath been fully proved were done for him and them ; the very undertaking and prospect of which welfare 
could not but be very strongly obliging on Con O'Neil, kindly and with hearty thanks to accept of and to agree to the 
articles signed to Sir Hugh Montgomery at Braidstane, aforesaid. 

""We have in the foregoing narrative a few of the many generous acts of the sixth Laird of Braidstane ; let me trace 
him on the back scent, as well as I can for want of papers, and of the original articles of Braidstane between him and 
Con alone, and of the consequencial proceedings thereupon interrupted by Sir James FuUerton, 2d Jac, till we find the 
time about which he was knighted, pursuant to which I observe. Imprimis, by the letters patent (passed 5th November, 
3d Jacobi, A". 1605) to Mr. James Hamilton, who therein is named James Hamilton, Esq., and called by the King his 
servant. Our sixth Laird is styled Sir Hugh Montgomery, Knight, in which patent the letters to]the said Deputy Chi- 
chester for passing it (dated 16th April foregoing), that Nov. is in terminis recited. Item, in a deed 1st October, that 
same year 1605, it appears that James Hamilton, Esq., servant to the Kingf (as aforesaid) pursuant to the first trust 
grants unto our said Laird (by the name of Sir Hugh Montgomery, knight, one of the Esqrs- of his Majesty's body,) 
the abbey lands of MoviUa, &c., which is a prior date by a month and five days to the patent last named. This was so 
early done because abbey lands were first passed to James Hamilton, Esq., by patent, dated 20th July the said year, 1605, 
Sir Hugh Montgomery not being then come to Dublin, but in September ye next month following, the said 20th July, 
notwithstanding all the expedition he and Con had made through Scotland, that they might look to their hits aforesaid. 

M'Neale Oge, Knight, and Hugh O'Neale, and their heirs called by the King his servant," whilst " our 6th Laird is 
male aforesaid, that these our Letters Patent shall be firm, stiled Sir Hugh Montgomery, Knight." But it appears 
valid, good, and sufficient, and in law effectual, as regards from the authorised translations of the patent of 1605, that 
US, our heirs and successors, as well in all our courts as the author of the Montgomery MSS. fell into a mistake in 
elsewhere, without any other confirmations, licenses, or translating the description in the ]}a.tent of ^' servientem 
tolerations to be obtained from us, our heirs or succes- ad regem" into " Servant to the King," instead of " King's 
sors, by the aforesaid Con or Hugh, or their heirs aforesaid, Serjeant," a description which, it appears from Lodge, 
and notwithstanding bad naming or bad reciting, or non- Mr. Hamilton was then entitled to : " After King James 
reciting of the aforesaid Manor and other the premises, was settled upon the English throne, he made him his 
and notwithstanding any other defects in the right reciting Serjeant-at-law ; caUed him into his Privy Council, and 
or naming any of the premises above expressed or speci- liberally rewarded him." — 3. Lodge's Irish Peerage, p. 1. 
fied ; And that without express mention, &c. In witness Even, however, if the translation of " servant" by the 
of which, &c. Examined by me, author of the Montgomery MSS. were correct, it could not 
" EoBT. Legge, Deputy Remembrancer of the Queen. bear the construction of menial servant, nor could it have 
"EoG^'. WiLBEAHAii." been Used in any other sense than as the highest offices 
f The author of the Montgomery MSS. here repeats the in the State are to this day said to be fiUed by " Her Ma- 
expression, " Servant to the K ing as aforesaid," not as jesty's servants ;" or, as Sir Francis Bacon, in his consti- 
the description of Mr. Hamilton given in the deed to tutional argument, when Attorney-General, in a case de 
which he is referring, but manifestly as his own construe- rege inconsulto, speaks of His Majesty's Counsel : — " For 
tion of the description of him given in the patent of 5th the King's Counsel, we are the King's poor servants, but 
JJov., 1605, as to which he observes that " 3Ir. James Ha- yet we shall be able so to crrry the King's business as it 
milton is therein named James Hamilton, Esquire, and shall not die in our hands." — Collectanea Juridica,p. 126. 


" Item, I observed by the tripartite indenture, dated ult". April, 1605, aforesaid, that James Hamilton, Esq., was to 
bear equal share in the expenses of Con anJ his followers from the 1st of August preceiing that indenture. This 
Anjrust was A". 1604, which was 2d Jacobi, and was many months after Con was brought to Whitehall by our Laird, in 
all which time and till the said letters to the Deputy, dated the 16th April, 1605, our said Laird and his brother 
George, the Dean, had solicited Con's pardon, and the grant for half of his estate, the other moiety to the Laird him- 
kU, and obtained the King's letters of warrant to the Lord Deputy to pass letters patent conformably to the said articles 
of Braidstane. But this affair taking time, and wind, at Court, was interrupted by Sir James Fullerton, as you hare 
already heard ; and that therefore the said Con and Hugh Montgomery, of London, Esq., and James Hamilton, of 
London, Esq., adjusted affairs between themselves, so that it seems our Laird was knighted in April, 1605, or not lonS 
afterwards, but of Knights Bachelor no record is kept, so that for want thereof I must desist my enquiry. 

" Item, we have heard also how that after the said overthrow given to the Laird and Con by Sir James Fullerton'a 
procurement, a letter of warrant to the Lord Deputy, Arthur Lord Chichester, dated the 16th April, 1605, aforesaid, 
was granted to pass Con's estate, and some abbey lands, by patent, to James Hamilton, Esq., in his sole name, in trust 
for himself, our Laird, and Con, and that ye last day of ye said April ye tripartite indenture was made between the said 
throe persons. 

" Now, to facilitate the performance thereof, Mr. Hamilton returned soon to Dublin with an order for an inquisition 
on the lands of the said Con, and on ye abbey lands, which was held the 4th July, 1605, and being retuimed enrolled in 
Sept. next following, and wherein was a reference (for more certainty) unto the office taken 1st Jac. A°. 1603, and from 
which and the jurors' breefs the last above said inquisition did much vary, as hath been before now related. Howe.ver, 
Mr. Hamilton, yc 20th of ye said July, passed letters patent in his own name, of the premises ; and Sir Hugh Mont- 
gomery being arrived in Ireland, with Con, they went to Dublin as aforesaid, where, pursuant to the former said agree- 
ments, he did, 1st October next following (as is said), grant the lands of Movilla, Newton, and Grey Abbey, &c., to Sir 
H. Montgomery; then, on the 5th Nov., 1605, passed a more ample patent of Con's estate, and of all the abbey land^ 
therein ; and, pursuant to agreement with the said Con, Mr. Hamilton grants him his lands in and about Castlereagh, 
ye very next day after the date of the said ample patent last above mentioned. So Con's whole affair being done for him, 
and ho releasing Sir Hugh Montgomery and Mr Hamilton of all contracts and expenses relating thereunto, soon re- 
turned to Castlereagh, where I left him treated by his friends and followers as before herein briefly related. In thi« 
dispatch is seen Sir Hugh Montgomery's kindness to Con and himself. 

" Observe further, as aforesaid, that the said Mr. Hamilton, on the 7th day of the said November, 1605, again 
prants to Sir Hugh Montgomery the lands of Newton, Grey Abbey, &c. This was done the next doy after Mr. Ha- 
milton had given the deed to Con. No doubt this dispatch pleased every of the three parties for their respective pri- 
vate reasons : Con being contented to the full for aught I find to the contrary, and Sir Hugh with whatever he go 
fde bene essej in part for the presents, that they both might more closely follow the plantations they were bound to 
make, and therefore Sir Hugh also, after a small stay, returned from Dublin, and on the 15th January of the same 
year, 1605, liver)- of seizin of Con's lands was taken by Sir Cuthbert Montgomery, and given to Sir Hugh in trust 
for Con's use, and much about the same time livery of seizin was given to Sir Hugh, pursuant to the said deed, dated 
7th of November aforesaid, Jo. Shaw and Patrick Montgomery, Esqrs., being appointed attornles by Mr. HamUton to 
take and deliver the same accordingly. 

"These few bst rehearsals, being the sum of the chief transactions between Mr. Hamilton, trustee aforesaid, and 
Sir Hugh Montgomery and Con before, A". 1616, I thought it necessary to be recapitulated before I proceed to other 
matters done between them after the 2d of August, 1606, on which day the said Con had sold to Sir Hugh Monto-o- 
mer)- the woods of four town-lands as aforesaid, and then I mU (as well as I can) give the narration of Sir Hugh pro- 
moting and advancing his plantation after the last-mentioned August. But first I must intimate two things, of which 
I shall not wnte hereafter : The first is that Mr. Hamilton and Sir Hugh were obliged in ten years time, from No. 
vembcr, 1605, to furnish British inhabitants (English and Scotch Protestants) to plant one-third of Con's lands 
granted to himself. The second thing was that Mr. Hamilton passed another patent in February, 1605, which is pos- 
tenor as you now see to that of the 5th November the same year, according to English account or supputation current 
la Xieland, by virtue of which patent in November now mentioned, it was that Mr. Hamilton gave the deeds aforesaid 


■of the 6th and 7th of the same month, unto Con and Sir Hugh as is (herein) hcfore-remarked." — Montgomery 
MSS., pp. 25 to 45. 

"I begin again with Sir H. Montgomery and Con O'Neill's further dealings together. The last I mentioned was 
Con's conveyance to Sir Hugh, dated 22d August, 4 Jacobi, of the woods growing on the four townlands. I find also, 
that, in pursuance of articles of the 24th December, 3d Jacobi, and of a former treat and covenant, and Sir Hugh's 
part to be performed, mentioned in Con's deed of feofment, dated the 14th May, 3J Jacobi, (for Con made then such a 
deed poll, which was accepted, because of mutual confidence between them.) I say, pursuant to the premises, Sir Hugh 
made a deed of feofment, dated 15th May, 1610, purporting a gift in taile to Con and his heirs male of all his own 
lands, excepting ten towns. And the same day Con releases to Sii- Hugh all the articles and covenants he had on 
Sir Hugh ; and releases also thereby, the said excepted ten towns, and this done in consideration of £35 paid in 
hand, and of £1000 sterling (formerly given, at several times, to y^ said Con), and now remitted by the said Sir Hugh. 

" And so here I leave off to write of Con, but will relate some troubles which came upon Sir Hugh, but not so 
grievous as those which were occasioned by that killing dart, Sir James Fullerton, when he procured the 
letters to je Lord Deputy, Avith that clause, that ye patent for Con's estate should pass in, James Hamilton's name 
alone ; but Sir Hugh's courage and conduct (at long run) cured in part that great hurt. 

" The first succeeding troubles and costly toils which I read of after this last spoken of transaction with Con 
which Sir Hugh met with, sprang from the petitions and claims of Sir Thomas Smith, against him and Sir James 
Hamilton ; they began in April, 1610, and the 6th April, 1611, Sir Thomas gets an order of reference to the Com- 
missioners for Irish aflfairs (of whom Sir James Hamilton was one) to make report of his case (for he claimed by 
.grant from Queen Elizabeth, and the Commissioner judged it fitt to be left to law in Ireland). "What he did pur- 
suant to his report I know not, but on the 30th wSeptember, 1612, inquisition is taken, whereby Sir Thomas his title is 
found void and null, for breach and non-performance of articles and covenants to the Queen. — See Grand Ofhce, 
folios 10 and 11. 

" But it seems this was not all the trouble put upon Sir Hugh, for I find (folio 50 of Grand Office) he gave unto 
the Lord Deputy, Sir John, the King's letter, dated 20th July, 14th Regis, inhibiting any lands to be passed to any 
person whatsoever away from Sii Hugh Montgomery, to which he had claim by deed from James Hamilton or Con, 
and this caveat with a list of the lands he entered in the Secretary's office in Dublin. 

"Between this [1613] and the year 1618, divers debates, controversj'S, and suits, were moved by Sir Hugh against 
Sir James Hamilton, which were seemingly taken away by an award made by the Riglit Honourable James Hamilton, 
Earle of Abercorn, to which both partys stood ; in conformity to which award, and the King's letter relating there- 
■unto, at least to the chief parts thereof. Sir James Hamilton conveys several lands to Sir Hugh Montgomery, and both 
of them in the deed are stiled Privy Counsellor ; which deed bears date 23d May, 1618, George Medensis, and "William 
Alexander, &c. subscribing witnesses. I presume this might be done at London, for much about this time Sir Hugh 
and his Lady lived there, and made up the match between their eldest son and Jean, the eldest daughter of Sir "William 
Alexander, Secretary for Scotland, whom I take to be one of the witnesses in that great concern, by reason, the match 
aforesaid was about this time or some months afterwards completed. 

" The produce of this marriage, which lived to come to age, was two sons and a daughter, which only survived that 
comely pair. The eldest left behind him two sons, now alive. One of which hath also two males living and life-like. 
And of the 1st Viscount's second and third sons, there are in good health two old Gentlemen, past their grand climac- 
terick ; and the eldest of them hath his son married above 11 years ago ; of whose loins there are three male children, 
unsnatched away by death, and he may have more very probably. The other old Gentleman is father to two proper 
young Gentlemen, one lately married, and the other able to ly at that wedding-lock above four years past. 

"Yet, for all our expectations, I neither can (nor will) divine how long these three families may last, seeing that 
neither the said Earle of Abercorn, nor heirs of his body (that I can learn) hath any children, only his brother's (the 
Lord of Strabane) offspring enjoy the title, either from his said father, or by a new creation of one of the two late 
Kings, the Stewaids ; and seeing, likewise, the 1st Viscount Clanneboy left but one son, who left two, who are both 
dead, without leaving any issue behind them, the more is the pity, for many reasons too well known, as by the records 


in DubUn doth appear. This consideration, on the duration of families, is to prevent overmuch care to raise posterity 

**'«^he said Sir Hu-h had (no doubt) further troubles between the said year 1618 and 1623, because, at his chief 
instance and request, "and for his greater security, the King gi-anted a commission and order, directed unto Henry Lord 
Viscount Faulkland Lord Deputy of Ireland, for holding an inquisition concerning the lands, spiritual and temporal, 
therein mentioned, which began to be held before Sir John Blenneihassett, Lord Chief Baron, at Downpatrick. the 13th 
October 1G23. This inquest is often cited, and is commonly called the Grand Office. Again, Sir Hugh (that he 
might be the more complete by sufferings) is assaulted by Sir William Smith, who strove to hinder the passing of the 
Kin-'s patent to him ; on notice whereof, Sii- Hugh writes a large well-penned letter (which I have) with instructions 
to bL son James how to manage that affair. This is dated 23d February, 1623, about four months after the Grand 
Office was found. I have the original, every word written by himself. I should greatly admire at the exactness 
thereof, both in point of fact and law, but that so ingenious a person, and so long bred (by costly experience) to the 
law (as'for 20 years before this Sir Hugh was used), could not want knowledge to direct his son to pass that ford which 
himself had wridden through. 

"But to continue the troublesomeness of Sir Thomas Smith :— King James died A" 1624, and on the 11th April, 
1625 the Duke of Buckingham writes to the Judges to make report to him, in "William Smith's and Sir James Ha- 
siilton's case, that he might inform the King thereof, which they did in the same manner as the Commissioners for 
Irish Alfairs before had done (in A". 1611) viz. :— That Smith should be left to the law in Ireland, and herein the said 
James Mont"'omery was agent, for I have a letter dated from Bangor, 4th November, 1625, to him, signed " J. Clan- 
neboy" (who was then possessed of Killileagh), advising him to consult Sir James FuUerton, &c., in the business 
against Smith, for James Monotgmery was then going to Court about it, his father, some months or days before that 
time, bein" created Lord Viscount, for his patent was prior to the said Clanneboys, and so henceforth I must stile him 
the first Lord Viscount Montgomery. 

"The 30th April, 1626, Sir William Smith, in anew petition, complains against the Viscount Montgomery, and 
prays orders to stop the letters patent to him for any lands ; and obtained warrants of Council, dated May and June 
next following, requiring the said Lord Viscount to appear before some English Lords authorised to report their cases 
that both his Lordship and Smith might be heard ; which orders were served on James Montgomery, as agent to his 
father ; but the said agent being then Gentleman Usher of the Privy Chamber in Ordinary to King Charles, Hamilton 
petitioned his Majesty, setting forth that Sir Thomas and Sir William Smith's cases (both in the late King's time and 
in the beginning of his Majesty's reign) were adjudged to be left to the law in Ireland ;S and that no stop was put to 
the passing the respective patents, in behalf of the Lord Chichester, the Lord Claneboys, or Foulk Conway, There- 
upon, A.D. 1626, 2 Car., said Lord Montgomery's patent for his lands, conform to Abercoru's award, was ordered by 
the King to be passed, under the broad seal of Ireland, which bears date • 

" Moreover, to the Lord Montgomery further trouble arose. For I find there was a decree in Chancery the 12th 
December, 1626, touching underwoods and timber ; whereby the Lord Montgomery was to have those growing it, 
Slutevils and Castlereagh, as should be awarded or recovered from Francis Hill, Esq. So the reader may observe, than 
from the date of the tripartite indenture, ulto. April, 3d Jac. A". 1605, till December, 1633, there arose many diffi- 
culties between Sir James Hamilton and Sir Hugh Montgomery (Viscount 1623), occasioned by that ominous and fatal 
interposition of Sir James Fullerton aforesaid, and chiefly by the clause he procured to be inserted in the letter of 
warrant, dated April, 3d Tac. Ano. 1G05, yvhereby Mr Hamilton was nominated as the only person in whose name 
ilonc the letters patent for Con's estate and the abbey lands in Upper Claneboy, and the great Ardf s were to be re- 

« It will be Been by extracts from a rare and curious claim to the Great Ardes down to the reign of Charles II. 
Life of Sir Thomas Smith, printed at the end of this when a similar order was made upon it. 
Appendix, that his descendants continued to press their 


" Yet, in all my reach of papers and enquiry of kno'ning more, I cannot find or hear what became of Sir James Ful- 
lerton, or of his posterity, or wliether he died chiLdlcss, there being none of that sirname (that I can learn) in Scotland, 
above the degree of a gentleman, only I read in Bishop Ussher's life, that he lies in St. Erasmus' Chapel, where that 
Primate was biu-ied.'' 

" There arose also difficulties (after December, 1633) between the first and second Viscount Mon+gomerys, plaintiff, 
and the Lord Claneboys, defendant, concerning the articles of agreement made 17th December, 1633, not being fully 
performed to the Lord Montgomery (ut diciturj, which ended not till the rebellion in Ireland began 1641, verifying 
the Latin adage. Inter Anna Silent Leges.— ^o I find that many are the troubles of the righteous, but the Lord de- 
livereth them out of them all. 

" All whicli differences sirceasing that last-named year, and so were sedated, or buried, or forgotten, that they were 
never stii-red up again, I shall therefore leave no memory of the Montgomerys' losses therein by mentioning them either 
by word or writing, because of the love and kind deference now among us all Montgomerys and the Ilamiltons of that 
family." — Ibid. pp. 56 to 64. 

[Extracts from " The Life of the Learned Sir Thomas Smith, Knight, Doctor of the Civil Law, 
I Principal Secretary of State to King Edward the Sixth, and Queen Elizabeth," published in 
' London, An. 1698, referred to at p. 24, ante, note g.] 

" Anno 1572. — This year Sir Thomas procured a colony, to be sent imto a land of his in Ireland, called The Ardes. 
It was a rich and pleasant country, on the Eastern coast of Ulster, of considerable extent, lying well for trade by 
sea ; bordering upon a coimtry where Sarhboy contained himself with his party. He was an Hebridian Scot (the 
Hebrides bordering npon this province), a long time detained prisoner by Shan O'Neal, the chief Prince of Ulster. 
This country was called Clandeboy, where these Scots lived; but they were beaten out once by t^is, Shan, who called 
himself Earl of Tir Oen, and had killed two of the brethren of Mac Conel, of which family was Sarleboy, whom he 

h In Dr. Elrington's Life of Archbishop Ussher, the Same to same. Grant of lands, &e., in the City of Dublin, 
following statement occurs, in the description of the Arch- and in the Counties of Westmeath, Roscommon, Kerry, 
bishop's funeral, p. 279 : — " The body was deposited in St. Dublin, Kilkenny, Kildare, Antrim, Queen's, and Cork; 
Erasmus' Chapel, next to the tomb of Sir James Fuller- and in 2 Jac I. a grant from the King to Sir James Ful- 
ton, his early instructor;" and a lately-published " Pano- lerton, to hold a weekly Saturday market and two faus at 
rama of London," containing the description of West- Sligo, with a Court of pye poudre and the usual tolls. He 
minster Abbey, under the head of " Chapel of St. Paul," is named, also, as Sir James Fullerton, M.M.G., one of the 
has the following passage : — " On an ancient table-monu- Commissioners of the Court of Wards and Liveries, in the 
ment are the effigies of Sir James Fullerton and his lady." years 1606 and 1609, with the then Lord Deputy, Sir 
On reference, also, to the Patent Eolls of Leland, the Arthur Chichester, and others. And, in the year 1616, he 
following grants to him of lands and franchises are thus was nominated by Sii- James Hamilton, with his wife and 
recorded : — 1. Jac. I. xiv. 9. — Grantfrom the King to James his iaithfirl friend, the then Earl of Abercorn, as one of the 
Fullerton, Gent., of lands in the Counties of Westmeath, executors of his will, which tears date on the 10th of De- 
Tipperary, Waterford, and Sligo. 1. Jac. I. xv. 11. — Same cember in that year, and will be hereafter referred to. 

to same. Grant of lands in Donegal. 1. Jac. I. xvi. 11.- 

then had taken prisoner, but afterwards in an e.tren.lty gave Mu. Ms liberty. This Skan was afterwards, in a re- 

"S rtlt'trvl' ll; n^d procured a patent fro. her Majesty for these Ar,es, the substance whereof was, ' 
that ^r?^r; wa^^^ b Li u naut-Lneral there for War, and for the distribution of lands, orders, -^ laws m 
1 1 te^ Tr^^^^ pertaining. In a word, to obtain and govern the country to be won, following mstrucUons and 
oZ to him to be directed from the Queen and her Council. And this for the first seven years. Afterwar^ th 
Gormment of the country to return to snch officers as the customs and laws of England drd appo-t, except t. 
Queen should think him worthy to be appointed the Governour thereof, as being a frontier country. The §1^* ^o^^" 
main only in him, as to the inheritance, the authority to muster and call together his soldiers throughout the same 
country, 'and to dispose of them upon the frontiers as he should see cause for the better defence of the country 

- In this patent, his base and only son, Thomas Smith, was joined with him And, under his conduct, Sir Thomas 
this year sent thither the colony beforesaid, having this good design therein, that those half-barbarous people might 
be tau-ht some ci>nlity. And his hope was, that the place might be easily defended by garrisons placed m a strait 
neck of land, by which it was joined to the rest of the island. And there was a reward of land to every footman 
and horseman. But this extensive project took not its desired effect, for the hopeful gentleman and his son had not 
been lon^ there, but he was unhappily and treacherously slain. It was pity it had no better issue. For Sir Thomas 
a freat whUe had set his thoughts upon it, undertaking to people that north part of the island with natives of this 

" But for his more regular and convenient doing of it, and continuance thereof, he invented divers rules and orders. 
The orders were of two kinds :— 1st. For the management of the wars against the rebels, and the preserving the colony 
continually from the dangers of them.— 2nd. For the civil government. 

" To preserve their home manners, laws, and customs, that they degenerated not into the rudeness and barbarity of 
that country, he divided his discourse into three parts. First, to speak of wars, and therein of military officei-s to be 
used there. Secondly, concerning laws for the politick government of the country to be possest, for the preservation 
of it. Thirdly, in what orders to proceed in this journey, from the beginning to the end, which Su- Thomas called a 
noble enterprise, and a Godly voyage- 

" Eis son bein"- now with his colony upon the place, proceeded commendably in order to the reduction of it. He 

I -was in a good forwardness of reducing Sarlcboy to obedience, for they had much converse together, and came at length 

to articles of agreement, the main of which was that he should be made a denizen of England by the Queen, and hold 

) his land of her and him, and the same privilege should the rest of his Scots enjoy, paying to the Queen a yearly rent in ac- 

'.knowledgment, and he to become homager to her by oath, and so to be a faithful subject, or else lose his right. Mr. 

' Smith also began a new fort in this country.' He laboured also to unite the English and Scots that were, there, who did 

I not, it seems, very well agree, that then- strength being united, they might be the more able to withstand the wild Irish. 

And this the Scots were for promoting, as, considering that if the English and they should strive together, when the 

one had weakened the other, the wild Irish, like the Puthawk (it was Sir Thomas' own similitude), might drive them 

out, or carry away both. 

" Besides the pains Sir Thomas had already taken for the settlement of the Ardes, he drew up this year instmctions 
to be sent from the Queen to his son, containing directions upon what terms Sarlcboy and his followers should hold 
their lands from her Majesty and him. Likewise he drew up a draught for explaining certain words doubtful in the 
indentures between the Queen and him, and his son ; as about his son's soldiers, if they should marry in that country, 
as it was likely they would, the Secretary entreated the Lord Treasurer to steal a little leisure to look these writings 
over, and correct them, so that he might make them ready for the Queen's signing ; and this, he hoped, when once 
despatched, might be as good to his son as five hundred Irish soldiers. 

I Called Nowcastlc. standing boldly over the sea ou a neck of land, three miles east of Portafeny.— iZanw's IJistortj 
of Cuunty Doicii, jj. HI . 


" At Mr. Smith's first comiug hither, he found some few that claimed themselves descended of English blood, 
• namely, the fiiraily of the Smiths, diXidi the Savages, a,-a.A two surnames more. And these presently joyned with the 
English, and combined with them against the wild Irish. But all the rest were mere Irish, or Irish Scots, and natural 
haters of the English. 

" The Queen had a force of men in those parts for necessary defence, and for the keeping of Knockfergus, a very 
important place for curbing the Irish. But to retrench her charge in Ireland, she was minded now to discharge them 
as she had done some already, expecting that Smith would secure those quarters, nor would she grant any foot or horse 
to him. Sir Thomas, therefore, in February, interceded with her by the means of the Lord Treasurer, that at least for 
that year she would suffer those bands to be there, to countenance and support the new begun aid and Fort, and not to 
leave it so naked as it had been, it seems, aU that winter, by losing those bands that were heretofore the defence of 
■Knockfergus, and the bar of the N'orth. And he told the Lord Treasurer upon this occasion that it was certain, if 
his son had not retrieved a band of the Lord of Harvey's at his own charge, Knockfergus had been in great danger, or 
else lost. 

" But while these matters thus fairly and hopefully went on, Mr. Smith was intercepted and slain by a wild Irish- 
man ; yet Sir Thomas did not wholly desist, but carried on the colony, and procured more force to pass over there, for 
in March, anno exeunte (his son being but newly, if yet, dead), there were Harrington, Clark, and some others, ad- 
venturers on this design, that gave certain sums of money for lands there to be assured to them. In the beginnino- of 
March, 1572, the ships, captains, and soldiers were ready to be wafted over, unhappily some persons concerned had 
started some new matter in regard to the bargain, which put a stop to their departure, and one Edward Higgins, the 
chief of the gentlemen and captains that were going over, and forward in this generous expedition, was hindered for 
want of thej money agreed upon. Hence it came to pass that the captains lay at great charges, when their ships, 
mariners, and soldiers were ready, and they did nothing but dispend their money. This troubled Sir Thomas not a 
little, as appears by a letter he wrote to one Mxa. Penne, a gentlewoman that had an influence upon some of these per- 
sons that made the stop, to whom, therefore, Sir Thomas applied himself, praying her to call upon them to consider 
at what charge the captains did lie, and to do what she could in any wise to help them away, whereby she should do 
the Queen's Majesty good service, and him and them great pleasure. It being a matter, said he, in which, indeed, for 
the goodness of it, I take much to heart. This was writ from Greenwich the 6th of March. 

" This case the Secretary continued. For a year or two after I find him drawing out other passports and licenses 
for transportation of victuals for certain that went to the Ardes, and expressing himself then to a friend that it stood 
him upon, both in profit and honesty, not to let the present month pass, which was May, An. 1574. And so, durino- 
his life, Sir Thomas laboured in the civilizing and settlement of this his colony. But upon his death it seems to have 
been neglected for some time. And tho' the family and heirs of Sir Thomas, who are extant to this day, have often 
claimed their interest in this land, which their ancestors did so dearly purchase and well deserve, yet they enjoy not a 
foot of it at present. 

" For as I have been informed by some of that worbhipful family, Sir William Smith, nephew and heir to one Sir 
Thomas Smith, was merely tricked out of it by the knavery oia. Scot, one_ Hamilton (who was once a schoolmaster 
though afterwards made a person of honour), with whom the said Sir William was acquainted. Upon the first comino- 
in of King James 1st, he minded to get these lands confirmed to him by that King, which had cost Sir Thomas (besides 
the death of his only son) £10,090, being to go into Spain with the English Ambassador, left this Hamilton to solicit 
this his cause at Court, and get it despatched. But Sir William being gone, Hamilton discovered the matter to some 
others of the Scotch nobility, and he and some of them begged it of the King for themselves, pretending that it was too 
much for any one subject to enjoy. And this Hamilton did craftily, thinking that if he should have begged it all for 
himself he might, perhaps, hnve failed of success, being so great a thing, but that he might well enjoy a part, especially 
with the concurrence and interest of some of the powerful men about the King, when they begged for themselves. 
And never after could Sir William Smith nor any of his posterity recover it. For the premises had been so long 
possest by others, that neither Sir Thomas Smith, who had suffered much for his unshaken loyalty to King Charles 1st, 
had success in his petition preferred to King Charles 2d upon his return, nor yet Sir Edward Smith, still surviving, in 

his upon the late revolution. He that is minded to tnow more at large how this case stood, may m the appendix find 
thJ petition of the present Sir Thomas Smith exemplified, as it was humanely communicated to me by his son, together 
with the King's order thereupon.i^2{/e of Sir Thomas Smith, pp. 176 to 183. 

k The following is a copy of the memorial, as given in the 
appendix to Sir Thomas Smith's life :— 

" To THZ King's most esckllent Majesty.— The humble 
petition of Thomas Smith, Esquire, uuele and heir of 
Edward Smith, Esquire, deceastd, son and heir of Sir 
William Smith the younger ; and heir of Sir William 
Smith the elder; who was nephew and heir of Sir Thomas 
Smith, Knight, deceased, sheweth : — 

" That the said Sir Thomas Smith, the Petitioner's an- 
cestor, hud the honour to serve as SeerctarA- of State to 
Tour Majesty's most noble Progenitor, Queen Elizabeth, of 
happv memory, and served her in that employment many 
years. And in the 13th year of her reign, the said late 
(iueen I'id make a grant of Letters Patent under the great 
seal, to the said Sir Thomas Smith and Thomas his then 
son and heir apparent, of divers Manors, Castles, and.Lands 
thereto belonging, in the County of Downe, in the realm 
of Ireland, which were then possest by divers persons, who 
were in actual rebellion against Her Highness, with com- 
mand that the said Sir Thomas Smith should enter upon 
the parts infested by the said rebels, and by power of arms 
obtain the same from them. 

" And the said Sir Thomas Smith did at his great charge 
raise an anny, and entered those parts and gained them 
unto their due obedience. In which said service the said 
Thomas his son was slain. And then the said Sir Thomas 
Smith assigned the said Sir 'William Smith, liis nephew, to 
take the charge of prosecution of that war, and came over 
to England to attend the further service of Her Majesty, 
and to solicit Her Majesty that the lands might be surveyed, 
and the rents ascertained, and his grant and title perfected. 
And her Majesty taking notice of such the great service of 
the said Sir Thomas Smitli was pleased several times 
graciou.-ly to declare that her royal intentions to the said 
bir Thomas sliould be made good. But, by reason of the 
many great tnuibles falling out in her time, the same was 
not done during all the time of her Reign. And after- 
wards the said Sir William Smith, the elder was commanded 
by the siiid Queen upon service into Spain. And upon his 
departure out of England, he desired Sir James Hamilton, 
Knight, to prosecute his giant on the said Sir William's 
behalf, and procure the same for him, and the said Sir 
James Hamilton, in the time of your noble grandfather. 
King James, upon some undue pretences, contrary to the 
trust in him reposed by the said Sir William Smith, ob- 
tained the said lands to be granted to himself upon pre- 
tences of a valuable consideration paid, which in truth was 

I never paid. But, in truth, according to the intention of the 
: late Queen, the said lands are the right of your Petitioner. 

" That Sir William Smith died about 40 years since, and 
Sir William, his son and heir, since died, and left his son 
and heir an infant of two years old ; and until he came at 
age nothing could be done, and the troublesome times hap- 
pening since his death, the petitioner and his ancestors 
have sit down by the loss ; yet your petitioner hopeth that 
the long discontinuance shall not be a bar to Ms just 

" But humbly prayeth your Majesty to cause an exami- 
nation of the premises to be made, and certified to your 
Majesty ; and then the petitioner hopes that when the 
truth of the fact shall appear, your Majesty will be gra- 
ciously pleased to do therein for the petitioner's relief 
what "shall be agreeable to justice, and your petitioner 
shall, &c. 

"At the Court of Whitehal, 14th Nov., 1660. 

" His Mp.jesty is pleased to refer this petition to the 
Eight Honourable Sir Maurice Eustace, Lord Chancellor 
of Ireland, who, having examined and considered the con- 
tents and allegations of this petition, is to certifie his Ma- 
jesty how he findeth the same, and what his Lordship 
conceiveth to be just and fit for his Majesty to do therein, 
and then his Majesty will declare his further pleasm-e. 
"Edw. Nicholas." 

" Sir Maurice Eustace, his certificate : — 

" It may Please your Excellent Majesty, — I have, 
according to your Majesty's gracious reference, considered 
the petition of Thomas Smith, Esquire. And, considering 
that the petitioner doth ground his title upon a patent 
made 13th EKzabeth to his ancestors, and that the said 
title has been very much controverted, and the possession 
gone for a long time against the petitioner, and some 
descents cast, I humbly conceive that it is neither fit nor 
convenient for your Majesty to determine this cause upon 
a paper petition. But your Majesty, in regard your 
Courts of Justice in Ireland will be soon open, may be 
pleased to have all parties pretending interest in the said 
lands to your Majesty's Courts of Justice in that your 
Kingdom, to be proceeded in as they shall be advised by 
their counsel. And the rather, for that the Earl of Clan- 
brazil, who is interested in the said lands by descent fi-om 
his father, is a minor, and under years, and cannot be con- 
cluded by any order which can be made against him during 
his minority, all which is humbly submitted to you Ma- 
jesty's judgment. 

" Maurice Eustace, Cane." 


The Lord Claneboy had three ladies,* 


* * ■}{■ i:- * * * 

* The last, lady Jane Phillips, proved a very excellent lady for solid piety and virtue ; bore to 

him one son called James, afterwards Earl of Clanbrassill. My lord lived to a great age, viz., 84, 
or thereabouts, in great prosperity and honour, through God's blessing upon his wisdom and industry. 
Of him are these remarkables : — 1st. His two first ladies proved but little comfortable to him, and his 
putting away of his second lady was not with general satisfaction to his friends and contemporaries. 
2nd. He had much ado to keep himself * in King James's time, and was once at the point of ruin 
as to the King's esteem;^ and, in Wentworth's time, he had much ado to keep himself from *• and 
ruin. He made great use (as some of his best friends conceived) of a public gout and gravel, that 

a The fii'st was Penelope Cooke. The second -was 
Ursula, sixth daughter of Edward, first Lord Brabazon 
of Ardee, and sister of William, first Earl of Meath, 
from whom he was divorced, and who died in 1625. 
The third (mentioned in the text as Lady Jane Phillips) 
[was Jane, daughter of Sir John Phillips, Bart., of Pic- 
I ton Castle, in Pembrokeshire, who survived him, and 
was mother of his only sou, James Hamilton. The two 
latter onb' are mentioned in Lodge. 

^ The Ibllowing document, in Sir James Hamilton's 
handwriting, which has been found among the family 
papers, and is endorsed thus, " The directions of the 
Lord Deputy to me, Sir J. H.," has no doubt reference 
to the above passages in the text : — 

" 12 Octob., 1618. — The patents past to Sr James Ha- 
milton upon Thomas Ireland's letter; — 
1. — Patent dat. 20 July, anno 3, Jacobi Regis, of the ma- 
nor of Moygare and other lands, &c. 
2. — Patent dat. 14 Febr., anno 3, Jacobi Eegis, of lands in 

the countie of Antrim, &c. 
3. — Patent dat. 13 Martis, anno 3, Jacobi Eegis, of rents of 

assize in Trym and others. 
4. — Patent dat. 17 Martis, anno 3, Jacobi Eegis, of the 

Castle of Moybore,in Westmeath, and other lands, &c. 
6. — Patent dat. 13 May, anno 6, Jacobi Regis, of certaine 

lands in the countie of Wexford and others, &c. 

" The patents past upon John Wakeman's letter : — 
A patent, dat. ulto. Febr. anno prime Jacobi Regis. 
A patent dat. 2 Martis, anno 3, Jacobi Eegis, of the fishing 

of the Ban, &c. 
A patent dat. 11 AprUis, anno 4, Jacobi Eegis, of the Cus- 

A patent past to Sr James Hamilton and Sr James Car- 
roll, Knights, assignees to John Wakeman, dat. 23 
Febr: anno 8, Jacobi Eegis, of St. Marie Abay. 

A patent dat. 5 Novembris, anno 3, Jacobi Eegis, of Con 

O'Neil's lands by special letter. 

The last patent past of the Customes aforesaid upon 
another letter, the date whereof, viz., of which patent, is 
about the 9 Jacobi Regis, which you may see in the enrol- 
ment of the Chancery. 

"His Majesty's pleasure is, that you, Sir James Hamil- 
tone. Knight, shall exhibit to the Lor: Deputie the princi- 
pall of the Letters Patent aforesaid. 

" His Majesty's further pleasure is, that you, Sir James 
Hamilton, Knight, shall also exhibit to the said Lord 
Deputie all such other writtes as concern the premises," 

" 13th October, 1618. 

" May it please your Lp. — Being yesterday commanded 
by you to writ verbatim what is above written, and to 
receive the same as a direction to myself without your 
hands thereunto, and your Lp. &c., also intimating unto 
me verbally the secrett carriage thereof, I have entered 
into due consideration of the premisses, and do ingen- 
nuouslie professe that I understand not the extent of the 
severall words following, viz.: — 

" First — ' The principall of the Letters Patents aforesaid.' 
— Whether your Lp. &c., mean any one principall or chief 
Letters Patents of all the rest, and which that is; or 
whether you mean all the originall Letters Patents parti- 
cularlie above mentioned, or what els ? 

" Secondly — ' All such other writtes as concern the pre- 
misses.' — Whether youi- Lp. &c., mean his Majesty's letters 
or warrants for the passing of that and principall or chief 
Letters Patents, or the warrants and letters for the passing 
of all those Letters Patents, or any conveynances thereout 
deryved, or counterpts. thereof, or els all my evidencei 
whatsoever, or what els ? 

" Thirdly — Whether by the word exhibit your Lp. mean 
that I should deliver unto you the Lord Deputie the said 
Letters Patents, or other my evidences to be perused in 
myn own presence, and so to be delivered back again to me, 


he night hide himself in his houpe-gown, 3d. He had several tedious and chargeable law-suita 
with hi3 neighbour, my Lord of Ards, about * of land and other trifles, wherein pride and in- 

or what els to yon mean Yty the word exhibit ? In these 
particalars I hnrabli; crave your Lp's explanation in writ- 
ing, that I may be the better enabled to miike your Lp- a 
datiful answer as becometh me, these being matters w"^*" do 
concern my estate, and I am confident it will stand with 
his Mh'J' pleasure that I should receave plain and clear 
direction in that which I have commanded me in his name, 
which I do as much revere as any subject living can do. 

"J. H." 

In 1622, an information at suit of the crown, in the 
Bame of Sir Wm. Ryves, Knight, his Majesty's then 
Attorney (ii-nerai, was filed on the Eevenue side of the 
Exchcqu.r against Viscount Claneboy, charging him 
with having usurped all the liberties and franchises, 
grant" d to him by his several patents, within the Great 
Ard;^s,Upp ?r CI indeboy.and Dufiferin; but it appears, by 
the record "f that inf(.rmation on the Comraunia Roll 
of the Exchequer, that Viscount Claneboy, on pleading 
hiB pitent, obtained against the Crown. 
It also apL>ears by the following extract from the Com- 
munis Roll of Easter Term, 1639, that during Strafford's 
Viceroy^lty a fresh information was filed at suit of 
the Crown in the Exchequer, against Viscount Clane- 
boye, and that he again obtained judgment against the 
Crown fi>r his claim to Bangor as a sea-port, which was 
one of the franchises mentioned in the information of 
1622, and for which he then had judgment ; but the 
Cri>wn obtained judgment fur the Court of Admiralty 
at Gmom^port, alleged by the quo loarranto to be claimed 
by Visc'uiit Claneboy, but which by his plea he dis- 
claim' d: — 

" Ci'untij of Down.— Sir Richard Osbaldeston, the At- 
; tomey General, informs the Court that James Viscount 
Clanehoy lor the space of divers years past has used, and 
still n»>-8, and claims to have, u^e, and enjoy without war- 
rant or Uoyal Grant the office of Admiralty, of all things 
to the Admiralty pi:rtaining, in and within the manor of 
Oroomesporte, iu the county aforesaid, and the liberties, 
precincU and creeks of the same ; also the power of hold- 
ing a Court of Admiralty there, and to do, determine, and 
execute idl things in the same which to a Court of Admi- 
ralty pertains ; and that n.-itlier the Admiral of the said 
Lord th'! Kmg, his heirs or succ"" of England, or their 
Lieutenant, nor any other Deputy orminister should in a'^y 
manner iutenneddle, or either of them intermeddle, in the 
manor aloresaid, or the liberties, precincts, or creeks ol the 
•ame citlier by land or by wat.r, for any execution of office 
there ; and th'it he may have, hold, receive, seize, and enjay, 
and may be well and able to have, hold, receive, seize, and 
enjoy for ever, to his proper use and behoof, all and singu- 
lar profil«, fines, i.ssues, forfeitures, perquisites, commo- 
•Ulusii, and emoluments, from and out of the aloresaid 

Court, or by reason of the execution of the office of Admi- 
ralty aforesaid, in whatsoever manner, arising, growing, or 
emerging, without account or any other thing therefor, to 
the said Lord the King, his heirs or successors, to be 
rendered or paid. The aforesaid James Vib*. Claneboy 
claims also, that there may be a Sea Port in, and upon, and 
near, the sea, nigh to, and at the town of, Bangor, in the 
county aforesaid ; and that the aforesaid Port my be named, 
called, and deemed, the Port of the town of Bangor ; and 
that the creeks of Gillegroomes nnd Holliwood may be and 
be accounted members of the same Port of Baiigor, afore- 
said ; and that it may be a port for the plying, arrival, and 
stationing of ships and boats, and for the lo.iding and 
(unloading) of all and all manner of goods, merchantdize, 
and wares wnatsoever, as well to be imported as exported, 
with all and singular the rights, members, jurisdictions, 
free customs, and priviliges, to a Port belonging, due, or to 
be due ; and, that the aforesaid Port, roadsteads, and creeks, 
aforesaid, should belong to the aforesaid James Visct. 
Claneboy, his heirs and assigns ; and, that he, the aforesaid 
Viscount, his heirs and assigns, from time to time, 
may have, enjoy, and take to his and their proper use and 
behoof, all and singular plankage, anchorage, wharfage, 
cranage, fees, and profits, due or payable of and for all or 
any ships, skiffs, boats and barges, in the aforesaid port or 
roadstead, or creeks aforesaid, or either of them, plying, 
anchored, laden, or to he unladen, upon the wharfs, banks, 
or soil, of the aforesaid James Viscount Claneboy, his 
heirs or assigns, without account, or any other thing there- 
for, to the said Lord the King,- his heirs or succ°", to be 
rendered, paid, or made ; all the which liberties, franchizes, 
and privileges the aforesd. James Vist. Claneboy, lor 
the whole time aforesaid, upon the said Lord, the now 
King, has usurped, &c. The Defendant being summoned, 
appears by his attorney, Anthony Dopping, and pleads 
Letters Patent, under the great seal of England, bearing 
date at Westminster, Co. Middlesex, the 14th of March, 19th 
of James the 1st., produced in Court, whereby the King 
granted to the Defend*, the town of Bangor, in the county 
of Down, lor ever ; and the King by the same letters patent, 
willed, ordained,' and constituted, that thenceforth for ever, 
there might, and should be, a Sea Poit in and upon, and 
near the sea, nigh to and at the aforesaid town of Bangor, 
and that the aforesd. Port should and might be, named, 
called, and deemed, the Port of the town of Bangor ; and 
that the roads or creeks of Gillegroomes and HolJiwood, in 
the county of Down, aforesaid, might and should be ac- 
counted members of the same Port of Bangor, aforesaid ; 
andtlie aforesaid Lord the late King, made, erected, created, 
and established the aforesd. Port of Bangor, with the 
members aforesaid, one Sea Port aforesaid, by his said let- 
ters patent; and that it might be a port for the plying, 
arrival, and stationing of ships and boats, and lor the loading, 
and unloading of all manner of goods merchandize and 
wares whatsoever, as well to be imported as ex[)orted, in 
time thenceforward, into any the ports of the said kingdom 
of Ireland, by the laws and statutes of the Kingdom afore- 
said; with all and singular the rights, members, jurisdictions 


cendiaries occasion great expense of money and peace ; and one (in some respects) worse than all, 
with his brother William's widow, yet outlived them. 4th. He made a great use of the services of 
his brethren and nephews as they came upon the stages, as also of some other very fine gentlemen he 
kept about him for business (wherein he was most exact and laborious), but reserved the bulk of re- 
wards to his latter will (which proved too late for them), and thereby obliged them to dependance on 
him all his life; but it wasbelieved he intended liberal rewards for all, especially his brethren and their 
families, but his wilP was either not finished, or suppressed after his death, I shall not say by whom, 
only it fell so out, that as he outlived all his brethren, so his nephews were all abroad at the wars, 
and inferior servants ruled that part. 5th. As he was very learned, wise, laborious, noble (especially 
to strangers and scholars), so there is great ground to judge he was truly pious, as he was certainly 
well principled. It is true he countenanced the Episcopal course, yea, outwardly, the persecutions of 
that time that were against the godly (called then puritans) by the Elack Oath,"* &c.; yet, 1. His 

free customs, and privileges to a Port belonging, due and 
to be due ; and the aforesnid late King, by the said letters 
patent, gave and granted tlie Port aforesaid, with the mem- 
bers aforesaid, and the aforesd. roads and creeks afore- 
said, to the aforesaid James Hamilton. Knt., Visct. 
Claneboy, by the name of Sir James Hamilton, Knt. his 
heirs and assigns, for ever ; and the aforesaid James, the 
late King, by his aforesaid letters patent gave and granted 
that the aforesaid James Hamilton, Visi *. of Claneboy, by 
the name of Sir James Hamilton, Knight, h'n lieirs 
and assigns, might, and might be able to have, enjoy, and 
receive, all and singular plankage, anchorage wharfage, 
cranag"-, and the fees and profits, due or payable of and for 
all or any ships, skiffs, boats, and barges, in the aforesaid 
Port, or roads, or creeks aforesaid, or either of them, ply- 
ing, anchoring, laden, or to be laden, upon the wharfs, 
banks, or soil [u-Juirfas, ripas, out solum,'] of the aforesaid 
James Hamilton, Visct. Claneboy, by the name aforesaid, 
his heirs or assigns, without account or any other thing 
therefor, to the said late King, his heirs or succ^s in any 
manner to be rendered paid or made, saving to the said 
late King, iiis heirs or succ°''*, the impositions of wine and 
of other merchandize, and the subsidies and customs for 
the same, due and accustomed : And by this warrant the 
Defendant has used and still uses, the liberties, privileges, 
and franchises, in the plea mentioned ; but as to having 
and exercising the office of Admiralty, and of determining, 
doing, and executing, all things to" an Admiralty Court 
pertaining, within the manor of Groomesportt , and taking 
the issues and profits of an Admiralty Court, as suppc sed 
by the information, he disclaims the same. Absque hoc, 
&c. The Attorney General prays judgment for the said 
Court of Admiralt}', and having viewed the Letters Patent 
in defts' plea pleaded, confesses the plea to be true, and 
says he will no further prosecute ; and judgment is given 
for the Crown, quoad the Court of Admiralty, &c.. at 
Groomesporte, and for the defendant as to the remamder 
of the privileges." 

c A copv of this remarkable document will be found 
in the Appendix to tliis chapter. 

a Dr. Keid, in the first volume of his His^orv of the 
Presbytirian Church in Ireland, pp. 242 to 248, gives 
the following account of the origin and imposition of 
this obnoxious oath :— 

" Wentworth, in pursuance of his precautionary plans for 
preventing the Scots in Ulster from joining in tlie Cove- 
nant, or opposing, in anyway, the designs of the king, had 
recourse to an expedient more illegal in its character, and 
more oppressive in its effects, than any which he had yet 
adopted. This was the imposition, on all the Northern 
Scots, of an oath, styled, from the dismal calamities which 
it occasioned, the black oath, in which they were com- 
pelled to swear never to oppose any of the king's com- 
mands, and to abjure all covenants and oaths, contrary to 
the tenor of this unconditional engagement. The first 
idea of this measure originated with Charles. In the 
month of January, 163^, he suggested it to Wentworth as 
likely to furnish an additional security to his cause in 
Ulster, against the apprehended machinations of the Scot- 
tish Covenanters. Tlie deputy approved of the plan, and 
thus wrote to Charles for instrui ti.:ns : — ' In case any 
Scottish refuse to take the oath of abjuration, what is your 
pleasure we should do with them ? Shall we, leye talionis, 
here, as there, imprison the parties delinquent, and 
seize their lands and holduigs to your Majesty for the 
use of the public ?' Shortly after, he summoned seve- 
ral of the Scottish noblemen, clergy, and gentry, on 
whose cordial co-operation he could rely, to meet him in 
Dublin on business, as he alleged, of especial importance 
to his Majesty's service. When assembled in the latter 
end of April, in the apartments of the Lord Viscount 
Ards, Wentworth opened to them his design. He ap- 
prised them of the disorders which had occurred in 
Scotland; of the surmises entertained of the Scots ia. 


younger education seasoned him well; 2. He was observodly a great studier of the Scripture and 

Ulster favouring tliese seditious procec" ags ; and of the 
propriety of their vindicatins themselves from such inju- 
rious suspicions. He concluded by remuuling them how 
mnch more acceptable and becoming it would be for them 
to enter into a voluntaij declaration of their fidelity and 
obedience to the king, than delay the tender of their 
loyalty, tiU extorted from them by the increasing dangers 
of the State. This suggestion of the deputy was hailed 
with acclamations by the bishops who were present. It 
was not opposed by the noblemen and other gentlemen, 
who appear to have been very passive instruments in the 
hands of Wentworth and the prelates. The Bishop of 
Baphoe immediately framed a petition to the deputy and 
council, in the name of the Ulster Scots, i^raying to be 
permitted, by oath or otherwise, to vindicate themselves 
from approving the proceedings of their countrymen in 
Scotland. This petition was in due form presented to the 
Council It was signed by Hamilton, Lord Claneboy, and 
Montgomery, Lord of Ards ; by the Bishops of Clogher, 
Eaphoe, and Down ; by the Archdeacons of Armagh and 
Down ; by ten knights, and by twenty-four individuals, the 
majority of whom were clergymen. The form of the in- 
tended oath was submitted by the council to the conside- 
ration of the petitioners. Objections were made, by some 
of the laymen present, to the unconditional manner in 
which they were required to swear never to oppose, nor 
even to ' protest against any of his Eoyal commands.' 
They entreated that the qualifying phrase of 'just com- 
mands, ' or ' commands according to law,' might he in- 
serted,' but Wentworth would admit of no alteration, and 
they .silcLtly, though reluctantly, acquiesced. As a rebuke 
to their scrupulosity, the Bishop of Kaphoe lamented that 
that part ol the oath which appeai-ed so obnoxious had not 
been rendered more strong and explicit; and, in a spirit 
of affected disappointment at the moderation with which 
the doctrine of passive obedience and non-resistance was 
expressed therein, he exclaimed, ' that the oath was so 
mean, he would not come from his house to take it.' The 
following is a copy of this celebrated oath, as set forth in 
the proclamation :— ' I, do faithfully swear, pro- 
fess, and promise, that I wUI honour and obey my sovereicm 
lord King Charles, and will bear laith and true allegiance 
unto him, and "defend and maintain his Royal power and 
authority, and that I will not bear arms, or do any rebel- 
lions or hostile act against him, or protest against any of 
his Royal commands, but submit nivself in all due obe- 
dience thererfnto: and that I will" not enter into any 
covenant, oath, or bond of mutual defence and assistance 
■gainst all sorts of persons whatsoever, or into any cove- 
nant, oath, or bond of mutual defence and assistance 
apinstony persons whatsoever by force, without his 
Majesty s sovereign and regal authority. And I do re- 
nounce and abjure all covenants, oaths, and bands whatso- 
ever, contrary to what I have herein sworn, professed, and 
promised. So lielp me God. in Christ Jesus.' By a pro- 
damation from the deputy and council, dated the twenty- 
^\^^ I- Y'^^' "f'^ .•^".nt'^i^inR a copy of the petition, 
*U the Scotbsh residents in Ulster above the age of six- 
teen years, were required to take this oath, ' upon the holy 

evangelists, and that upon pain of his Majesty's high dis- 
pleasure, and the uttermost and most severe punishments 
which may be inflicted, according to the laws of this realm, 
on contemners of sovereign authority.' The commis- 
sioners were directed to proceed in the most sumrnary 
manner. The ministers and churchwardens were required 
to make a return of all the Scots resident in their respec- 
tive parishes. The oath was publicly read by the commis- 
sioners, and then taken by the people on their knees ; hut 
from the persons called on to swear, the pi-ivilege of a 
deliberate perusal ot it for themselves was studiously 
withheld. It was imposed equally on women as on men. 
The only exception made, was in favour of those Scots who 
professed to be Eoman Catholics ; these alone were not 
required to take the oath. The names of those who 
scrupled to swear were immediately forwarded to Dublin, 
whence the deputy dispatched his officers to execute his 
pleasure on the recusants. Contrary to his expectations, 
great numbers refused to take the oath in the unqualified 
form in which it was proposed. None of them had the 
least hesitation to swear in the terms of the former part, 
expressive of bearing true and faithful allegiance to his 
Majesty. But they conscientiously and firmly refused to 
take the latter part, by which they would have been bound 
to yield an unconditional obedience to all bis Royal com- 
mands, whether civil or religious — just or rnjust-— consti- 
tutional or unconstitutional. On these individuals the 
highest penalties of the law, short of death, were un- 
sparingly inflicted, frequently under circumstances of ex- 
treme cruelty. Thus, pregnant women were forced to 
travel considerable distances to the places appointed by the 
commissioners. If they hesitated to attend, and still more, 
if they scrupled to swear, they were treated in a barbarous 
manner ; so that crowds of defenceless females fled to the 
woods, and concealed themselves in caves, to escape their 
merciless persecutors. Respectable persons, untainted 
with crime, were bound together with chains, and immured 
in dungeons. Several were dragged to Dublin, and fined 
in exorbitant sums ; while multitudes fled to Scotland, 
leaving their houses and properties to certain ruin ; and 
so many of the labouring population abandoned the coun- 
try, that it was scarcely possible to carry lorward the ne- 
cessary work of the harvest." 

The following letters, addressed to Went-worth by 
Lord Claneboy on this subject, are published in the 
second volume of Strafford's Letters, pp. 382 to 385 :— 
" The Lord Viscount Claneboye to the Lord Deputy. 

" My much observed Lord, 

" May it please your Lordship to know, that the master 
of the ordnance, when he had his meeting at Bangor, 
with the lord Montgomery, lord Chichester, and myself, 
for taking order according to your lordship's directions, 
for such as refused to take the oath, he had then the 
view of the books which were given up to us by the 
preachers and churchwardens of the parishes in the 
Claneboyes and Ards, of such of the Scots as were to take 
the oath. And we are hopeful that lie both saw by our 


an enemy to profaneness. 3. He made it his business to bring very learned and pious ministers 

progress upon tbe faid books, snd hath showed to your 
lordship the wiHirgness of the people, and our diligence 
in the work, although by the greatness thereof and pauc- 
ity (>f the cf niniissioEers, who are to he at least three at 
every swearing, sundry of the parishes were then reniain- 
ing uncalled, of which the people, as we are able to come 
at them, are since ccme in, and have taken their oaths, 
except the gleanings every^vhere of sick or absent persons, 
who are remitted and directed upon their recovery or re- 
turn home, to come to Killileagh, where the oath is to be 
given to them of the teiritory of Dufferin, and of the ad- 
joining parishes, which is to be the last sitting for this 
Bervice, and is to make the perclose of our books, and what 
we may say upon the whole mat;er. For which pui-pose I 
am come to Killileagh, where, contrnry to my expectation, 
I find the people much nlteied in my absence from what I 
left them, and to be made appiehcnd much unlawfulness 
in the oath, and much danger of scul to take it. Inso- 
much, that upon notice of my coming hither, many are 
fled out of the country, ?nd especially servants, that their 
masters are doubtful to find sufficient to reap their corn ; for 
whose apprehension, as they n.iiy be found, I have sent out 
warrants. It is couceived, that some aspersions, lyingly cast 
upon the oath, and a suggestion that it is greatly disliked in 
Scotland (for which I can find no author to lay hold on, 
albeit this might have operated with them in part), hath 
been the cause of this aversentss. But, indeed, I do appre- 
hend, that the chief, if not the only cause, is proceeded 
from Mr. John Eole, the preacher at Killileagh, the old 
blind man that tabs once v,'ilh ycur lordship ; who, instead 
of obviating tuch aspersions, and satisfying the people in 
, their doubts, hath very presumptuously and perversely, 
both in his common conferences, and in his public sermons 
npon the Sabbath-day to the people in the church, taxed 
the oath to be without any ground, to be unnecessary, un- 
certain, doullfnl, and in the brsnches of it, unlawful, and 
contrary to all former oaths. I have herein token the ex- 
aminations of sundry persons of respect, which, tested with 
their own hands, I herewith send to your lordship, that 
by them, he may be presented to your lordship in his 
own words. I lay not my hand upon any clergyman, espe- 
cially a preacher. v,ithout cirection, otherwise I had sent 
him myself. I altered also, upon this rub, for a short time, 
the day of calling the people to the cath, that there might 
be opportunity to settle the minds of the people to their 
true duty. Vt'herein I dcubt not but your lordship shall 
find the frilhful endea\ours of him, wl o, leaving all to 
your lordship's wis dom, is ever youi- lordship's most humble, 
and most obliged servant, 

" J. Clakeeote. 
" KillUeagh, Aug, 23, 1639." 

" The Lokd Viscount Claneeoye to the Loed Deputy. 

" My much honoured Lord, 

" Your lordship's noble favours to me at all limes, and 
especially by ycur last letters of the 271h of August, do bind 
me to a continual loving and honouring of y( ur lordship, 
and expression of the same, as eny your Icrdship's service 
shall require; which I hereby profess. It Ki. Bole, who 
is now cairied up by a puituivioit, thall deny tny of the 

things charged against him, which is too usual with hiffi, 
boldly to spefk, and more boldly to deny it, witnesses who 
have, under their hands, tested the same, are of credit, and 
and, if required, shall repair thither, and upon their oathB, 
make it good in his healing. Since my last to your lord- 
ship, I made intimation to the people of the parishes here- 
about, who especially were possessed with a prejudice of 
tlie oath, that if any were doubtful of any thing contained 
in it, they she uld freely repair to me, and tbat I would satisfy 
them to the full, before they should be put to take it. 
Very many cnme in, of whom some had been misled by foul 
reprc aches cast upon it, others by misconstructions of it, 
and some by their apprehended doubts of what might be 
rcquiicd ( f them hereafter, if they should take it. But, in 
a short debating, they had all contentment, and were 
eony of their shunning. Amongst the rest, Mr. Bole came 
to me, healing that his fpceches had been revealed to me, 
and made profession of his bounden duty to his majesty, 
and of his respect to the oath. But I told him I was sorry 
to hear of his much miscarriage against both, of which he 
desired to hear the particulars. I said he would hear of 
them soon enough in another place, and willed him to re- 
member himselt v/hat he had said. And not long there- 
alter, upon that d,ny which we had appointed for the people 
to come in for taking the oath, I sent to him, and required 
him to be there ; tor that was the form, that the minister 
and churchwardens, and chiel men of the parish, were 
made leaders to the people in taking the oath. I did like- 
wise direct the provost of the town to be with him. But he 
desired that (in respect it fell out, that the same day was 
the day of the week, upon which he ordinarly used to have 
weekly an exhortsition to the people), he might be heard in 
his sermon first, and to declare himself concerning the 
oath in hand, wherein he hoped to give satisfaction to us 
and the people, which we thought not amiss to afford him, 
to see how he wculd amend himself. His text he took out 
Of the sixth chapter of the Prophet Daniel, the 6, 7, 8, 9, 
and 10th verses. Your lordship will see how pertinent 
that text was to such a purpose ; and he indeed accor- 
dingly handled it so, as none, I think, could tell what he 
was seeking, or in what or hew he gave any satisfaction to 
the people for the matter of the oath. Much he taxed the 
princes of Persia for abusing the king, and destroying the 
soul, by leading him upon a false decree to destroy Daniel; 
and, by the way. some admonitions he gave us, the com- 
missioners, to take heed that we did nothing that might 
give us cause of grief hereafter. But for the oath nothing 
expressly, but that some had reported to him, that he had 
made the cath doubtful and unlawful, wherein he said they 
had dene him wrong, and that therefore they should see 
him then take it in the pulpit himself. And. without 
more, he swore and protested generally his loyalty and 
fidelity to his majesty, and concluded with an exhortation 
to me, to explain the oath to the people before they took 
it ; and so ended with the usual form. Thereupon I tailed 
him and the people imto me, and told them, that accor- 
ding to Ml-. Bole's desires I was ready, if they would show 
me their doubts, to explain the oath for the same, and to 
give them satisfaction. But, for that I believed the donbta 
were made by Mr. Bole hinnseli, I would first address m« 


out of Scotland, and planted all the parishes of his estate (which were six'/ with such ; ' communi- 
cated with them ; maintained them liberally; received even their public reproofs submissively, and 

to him, who was hest able to move thera, and to discern of 
the answer I should give to them. la effect, there was 
nothing propoundod but their misconstructions, fears, and 
surmises, of what hereafter might be drawn upon them by 
the power of the oath ; and, having heard him and the 
people, in all they could say, I gave them so fall satisfac- 
tion, that they all coiifiissed the oath was rightful to be 
taken. Whereupon I willed Mr. Bole, the provost of the 
town of Kiilileagh, and the churchwardens and some of 
the aldermen, to kneel down and I would give it them. Mr. 
Bole told me, th:it he had taken it already. I asked him 
where ? He said he had taken it in my hearing in the pul- 
pit, I told him that shuffling would not serve his turn ; he 
should take it in the express words of the prescribed oath, 
following me as others did. And after two or three bouts, in 
the hearing of the people, I required him either to kaeel 
with the rest, and to take it in the ordinary form, or, if he 
refused, he should instantly hear me in another sort; 
and then indeed he did kneel and take it with the rest. I 
pray your lordship to excuse this prolix narration, which 
is drawn on to show your lordship that he hath taken the 
oalh, and by what degrees he was brought to it. And 
since, a^ I hear, he did persuade tlie people to it, who 
nevertheless come nothing so cheerfully in, as they did in 
other parts. But nothing shall be undone' of my part to 
forward and finish the business, and to pray f jr the in- 
crease of all happiness to your lordship, wliich is the affec- 
tionat-; desire of yoar lordship's most humble and most 
obliged servant, " J. Claneboye. 

"KiUileagh, Sept. 2, 1639." 

Dr. Reid also copies this letter, and observes, in a note 
to p. 253 of the first volume of his Presbytarian History : — 
" One cannot read this letter without feeling deeply for the 
hardships to which this aged and venerable minister was 
exposed. How cruel to dragoon the old and blind man 
into the swearing of this obnoxious oath ! And yet how 
adroitly he endeavoured to evade it himself, and indirectly 
to warn his people against its ensnaring obligations ! What 
became of him, when dragged up to Dublin, I have no 
means of ascertaining." The following documents, found 
among the family papers, though not a satisfactory answer 
to Dr. Rc'id's inquirj-. throw some additional light on Mr. 
Bole's history, and are therefore considered worthy of 
being given at length •..— 

" To the Right Hontie Anne. Countess of Clanbrassill. 

••According to your honour's dir;:ctioiis, we have taken 
the examination of Mistris Montgomery and Widow Camp- 
bell, witnesses brought before us by Jean Bole upon oath : 
—The examination of Mi.4ris Montgomery, who deposeth 
upon oath that she remembers that Mr. John Bole was 
possessed of some lands lying near to the old church, and 
that she h.-ard thi- <»hl Lord CI ui-^bov t.;ll his Lady Jane 
Cloncboy that he had giv,;a Mr. John' Bole, in satisiaction 
for the s.ii.i lands, six aik.r-i of land Iving near the bridge. 
hu own and hi» daughter, Joan Bole's, lifetime, and no 

further sayeth. — The examination of Widow Campbell, who 
deposeth upon oath that she had in keeping trom Jean 
Bole a lease made from the old Lord Claueboy to the s^- 
Jean Bole of t'le sis aikars of land lying near to the new 
briigo for her lifetime, and that she was to hold the said 
land during the said time, paying only one psppsrcorn by 
year, if demanded ; and farthsr swjareth that the said lease 
was lost, with several othsr goods of her owa, at the siedga 
of the Castle of Killileaga. This 18tn February, 1674. 
Alexr. JRsad. — A. D. Williamson." 

Certificate of Anne, Countess of Clanbrassill. 

" My son having som3 years since sett a lease to his 
groom, Will. Bi-owa, of the 6 aikers of land (near to the 
bridge of the toivii of KiUileagh) which balongs to Jane 
Bole, widow to William Murdoch, the said uuworthy fellow, 
William Bi-own, bjing dssirous to gstt into the present 
possession of the said parcell, did last winter most falsly 
inform Sir Robt. Maxwell that the said widow had no right 
to that 6 aikers of land, whereupon the said Knight sett a 
lease of it to Will. Brown; but the widow, Jane Bole, being 
thereby very much wronged petitioned Sir Robert and me 
to permitt her wittnesses to be examined upon oath, that 
her rigiit to that 6 aikers might be cleared ; hereupon I 
directed Alexr. Read, the present Provost of the town of 
Kiilileagh, and Captain Williamson, to examine Widow 
Montgomery of Rathcuaningham,and Widow Campbell, and 
received from them these lines last 18 Feby hereabove 
written in this paper, this annexed certificate also sigaed 
the 25th of last Feby. by Mr. MeWhid, and this certificate, 
signed by Mr. Philips the '26th of last Feby., were also then 
brought to me ; and when the groom saw that the widow's 
right was so iuUy asserted, he quitted his claim, and threw 
ott' the lease given him by Sir Robt. Maxwell. The reason 
of my asserting these truths is, lest my son or any other 
person should, after my decease, molest Jane Boal (Widow 
Murdoch) by disposing of that 6 aikers of land which is her 
proper right during her life, and to certify that I will never 
consent that it shall be taken from her. As witness my 
hand, this 18th of June, 1675. — Anne, Clanbrassill." 
Mr. McWhidd's Certificate. 

" These are humbly to certifie wliom it may concern. 
That about the year of our Lord 1G32, 1 being reader to Mr. 
John Boile, the Reverend Minister oi Kiilileagh, do very well 
remember that the Rt. HonWe. James, Lord Viscount Clane- 
boys, for several good causes, especially his religious Lady 
Jean being god-motherj to Jean Boiie, daughter to the said 
Mr. John Boile, he did very nobly give a gratuity of about 
six aikers of laud to the use and profit of the said Jean 
Boile during her life, and confirmed a lease of the same for 
liim and his, paying a peppercorn ye^u'ly upon demand ; . 
which lease, among his books and other papers, I had the 
charge of for the space of seven years together in his house, 
Wiiere I waited on liim, being his servant. The truth where- 
of, as it is well known to the old inhabitants, so the contents 
of what is above specified I shall be willing to make out on 
oath, and some more persons if need requii-e. The said six' 
aikers lye as we leave the bridge on the right hand, thff 

''' 1333858 

had secret friendly correspondence with the ministers and others that were persecuted for conscience 
sake ; yea, some hid in his house when his warrants and constables were abroad looking for them. 

Glebland adjoining it on the one side, and the Logh on the 
other. Witness my hand, February 25th, IGTi. Alex. 
McWhid, vicar of Drumballironie in the Diocess of Dro- 
more. Being pres^^nt when this Certificate was signed by 
Mr. M'=Whidd, — Will. Waring, Paul Waring, Will. 

Mr. Philipp's Certificate. 
" I, Hugh Philipps, of Caradorne, in the County of Down, 
at the request of Jean Boill, dau::;hter to Mr. John BoiU, 
Minister of Kiilileagh, deceased, do certifie that I was my 
Lord's receiver of the rents several years before the warrs, 
and at a certain lime did demand the rent of sis aikers of 
land belonging to Mr. John Boill, lying near to the bridge 
of Kiilileagh, whereupon there was one lease pi-oduced to 
me wliich I did read, given under hand and seal of the old 
Lord Viscount Claneboy, made to the said Jean Boill for 
her lifetime, paying therefore if demanded one peppercorn 
by year ; so that in all the time of my being receiver I 
never had or denanded any rent for these lands. And 
further, I do certifie, that I heai-d my Lord tell my Lady 
Claneboy that he hoped Mr. John Boill would preach or 
speak no more of Naboth's vineyard, for he had given to 
him during his own and his daughter Jean Boil's lifetime 
the above specified six aikers of laud in lieu of some other 
lands formerly possessed by Mr John Boill lying near to 
the old church. This I do cei-tifie, which I will depose 
upon oalh, if need be. In witness whereof I have hereunto 
set my hand this ^Gth day of Feby., 1674. — Hugh Philips. 
Witness present at the signing hereof, Alexr. Reid, Ro. 

Letter fi-om Mr. M^Whidd to Jane Boal, alias Mordoch. 

"Mistress Jane,— I have received your letter, being 
heartily sorry that among so many obliged witnesses your 
business should need any dispute. I have sent you my 
certificat to help that I heard and saw your father possessed 
of above 40 years ago, and I marvell much that such a noble 
person does not add rather than diminish from such a 
small gift. He is misinformed, I conceive. However, if 
my appearance at any time may be steadable. I shall not 
disappoint your warning. Mr. Phillips is a discreet gentle- 
man, and lived with my lord near that time. I am per- 
suaded none th-^t knew your father but will wish you well, 
and especially for your mother's sake. Peruse this certifi- 
cat, and take advice from surest friends, and the God that 
commands to judu'e the fatherless, and plead for the widow, 
assist you and help you in need. So wisheth your well- 
wisher and friend to his power — Alex. : McWhidd." 

e Viz., Killikagh, Bangor, Killinchy, Craigavad and Holy- 
wood, Talpeston or Ballyhalbert, and Dundouald : — 

1. Kiilileagh. — John Bole, M.A., is returned in the 
Ulster Visitation Book for 1622, as minister of the parish 
of KUlileagh, and is described as " resident — church ruin- 
ous." This church was never repaired, but a new church 
was built in 1640, by Viscount Claneboy ; which, having 
become dihipidated, was re-built in 1812, at an expense of 
£2,000, by James, Baron Dufferin and Claneboy, to whom 

a monument is erected in it with the following inscrip- 
tion : — 




































The following is a list of the Eev. John Bole's succes- 
sors in the Episcopal Church of Kiilileagh to the present 
time : — 

Thomas Mueeay, who was brutally massacred in the Irish 
Rebellion of 1641. It appears from a petition presented 
by his mdow to the General Assembly of the Church of 
Scotland, at St. Andrew's, in 1642, that he was actually 
crucified on a tree ; her two sons killed, and cut to pieces 
before her eyes ; her own body frightfully cut, and maimed 
in sundry parts ; her tongue half cut out; and she was 
kept in prison and inhumanly used by the rebels ; from 
whom at last, by God's merciful providence, she escaped, 
— all which was' testified under the hands of the best nobles 
and councillors of the kingdom, and humbly praying them 
to extend their charity to her, which was granted. — MSS. 
Records of General Assembly. 

William Richardson, ordained in 1649 ; deposed by 
Bishop Jeremy Taylor for nonconformity in 1661. 

Robert Maxwell, died 1686. He is described as of 


4. In mannging of his estate he was careful and wary in giving inheritances or leases above three 
lives, and went that length but with very few ; he was very saving of his oak woods (whereof he 
had great store; expecting greater advantages by them in after time, and deliberately (for a time), 

KiUUeafth, County Down, clerke, in a deed dated 30th 
June, 1674, whereby, in consideration of £900, Henry Earl 
of Clanbrn.ssill, and Alice, his wife, conveyed to him in fee- 
fmn the townlands of Granshogh and Groomsport, with cer- 
tain houses and tenements in Bangor, and the lower grist 
mill of Ballymaconnell, and the mill lands belonging to it; 
the townland of Ballygrancy, 120 acres of Ballow juxta 
Bitngor, 88 acres of Ballymagee, 10 acres called the Quar- 
ries Acres, and 10 other acres in the same townland, part 
of Ballyhome, 168 acres of Ballymagee, &c. 
Jaues Clewlow, presented in 1G86. 
Patrick Hamilton, presented in 1735. 
BowLEY Hall purchased the living, and, after presenting 
himself to it in 1749, sold it to Trinity College, who have 
iince presented to it — 
John Fostek, in 1770, 
WiLLUM Day, in 1789, 
William Stack, in 1794, 
WiLiJAM Magee, D.D.. in 1812, 
Peter Carleton, in 1813, and 
KnwABD Hincks, D.D., in 1825. ♦ 

The following is a list of the Presbyterian Ministers of 
Killilcagh atter the deposition of William Richardson for 
nonconformity, in 1661, to the present time: — 
WiLLLAM RiCHAnosoN, died in 1670. 
Alexander Feeguson, translated from Sorbie, in Scot- 
land, in 1670, and died in 1684. 

Patrick Peacock, appointed in 1684. 
James Bbcce, in 1689. 

Gilbert Kennedy, ordained in Lisbum. 1732; trans- 
laU'd to Killileagh, 1733; removed to Belfast, 1744; died 

WnjaAM Dunne, appointed in 1745 ; removed to Dublin 
Joseph Little, ordained in 1768; died 1813. 
William D. H. MEwen, ordained in Dublin 18C8; re- 
moved to Killileagh in 1813, and to Belfast in 1817, where 
he died In 1828. 

Henry Cooke, D.D., ordained in Dnnean, 1808; re- 
moved to Doiitgorc in 1811 ; to KiJlUtagh in 1818 ; and to 
Belfast in 1829. 

Andrew Brkakey, ordained in Kcady, 1819; removed to 
Killilcafih in 1831. 

2. Bam/or.— JoBv Gibson, M.A., is returned in the Visi- 
UUon Book for lt;'22 as minister of the Parish of Bangor, 
•tiii u deacriLed as " Lcou— rttidtnt, and serveth the cure. 

and maintained by a stipend from Sir James Hamilton- 
church repaired." In the south wall of the Church of 
Bangor is a stone erected to his memory, with the following 
inscription: — "Hear lyes Beloue ane learned and 


Depaetoub this Lyf, 23 of IVNII, 1623, left 1,200, beino 


Robert Blair, his successor, had been a professor in 
the college of Glasgow, but being much opposed by Dr. 
Cameron (who had been appointed principal with the view 
of bringing the college to approve of prelacy), had resigned 
his situation, and, being invited over by Lord Claneboy, 
came to Ireland in May, 1623. He thus narrates the cir- 
cumstances of his settlement at Bangor : — • 

" When I landed in Ireland, some men parting from 
their cups, and all things smelling of a root called rampions, 
my prejudice was corfii-med against that land. But next 
day travelling towards Bangor, I met unexpectedly with 
so sweet a peace and so great a joy as I behoved to look 
thereon as my welcome hither ; and, retiring to a private 
place, about a mile above Craigfergus, I prostrated myself 
upon the grass to rejoice in the Lord, who proved the same 
to me in Ireland which he had been in Scotland. Never- 
theless, my aversion to a settlement there continued sti'ong ; 
and, when my noble patron renewed his invitation and 
offer, I was very careful to inform him both of what accu- 
sations had been laid against me of disaffection to the civil 
powers, and that I could not submit to the use of the Eng- 
lish liturgy nor episcopal government, to see if either of 
these would prevjil with him to pass from his invitation. 
But, having been informed by a minister present of my 
altercations with Dr. Cameron, he said, ' I know all that 
business ;' and, lor the other point, he added, that he was 
confident ol procuring a free entiy for me, which he quickly 
effectuated. So, all my devices to obstruct a settlement 
there did evanis-h and took no effect, the counsel of the 
Loid standing last in all generations; yea, bis wisdom 
overruled all this, both to procure me a tree and safe entry 
to the holy ministry; and that, when alter some years I 
met with trials for my nonconformitj', neither patron nor 
prelate could f-ay tbat I hud broken any condition to them. 
Having been invited to pieach by the patron, and by Mr. 
Gibson, the sitk incumbent, I yielded to their invitation, 
and preached theie three Sabbath days. After that, seve- 
ral of the aged and most respectful persons in the congre- 
gation came to me by order of the whole, and informed me 
that they were edified by the doctrine delivered by me ; 


and till it was too late, admitted of ten thousand pounds debt to continue upon his estate (as he ex- 
pressed himself to some) to acquaint his son with the trouble of debt, that he might avoid it, and 
find a need of living frugally and regularly. 

intreated me not to leave tliem ; and promised, if the 
patron's ofler of maintenance was not large enough, they 
would willingly add to the same. This promise I slighted, 
heing too careless of competent and comfortable provision, 
for I had no thoughts of any greater family than a boy or 
two to serve me. But, on the former part of that speech 
importing the congregation's call, 1 laid great weight ; and 
it did contribute more to the removing of my unwillingness 
to settle there than anything else. Likewise the dying 
man did several ways encourage me. He professed great 
sorrow for his having been a Dean. He condemned epis- 
copacy more strongly than ever I durst do ; he charged me 
in the name of Christ, and as I expected his blessing on my 
ministry, not to leave that good way wherein I had begun 
to walk ; and then, drawing my head towards his bosom 
with both his arms, he laid his hands on my head and 
blessed me. "Within a few days after he died, and my ad- 
mission was accomplished as quickly as might be, in the 
following way : — The Viscount Claneboy, my noble patron, 
did, on my request, inform the Bishop Echlin how oppo- 
site I was to episcopacy and their liturgy, and had the in- 
fluence to procure my admission on easy and honourable 
terms. Yet, lest his lordship had not been plain enough, 
I declared my opinion fully to the bishop at our first 
meetmg, and found him yielding beyond my expecta- 
tion. The bishop said to me, ' I hear good of you, and 
will impose no conditions on you ; I am old, and can 
teach you ceremonies, and you can teach me substance, 
only I must ordain you, else neither I nor you can 
answer the law nor brook the land.' I answered him, 
that his sole ordination did utterly contradict my principles; 
buthe replied, both wittily and sulsmissively, ' Whatever you 
account of episcopacy, yet I know you account a presbytery 
to have divine warrant ; will you cot receive ordination from 
Mr. Cunningham and the adjacent brethren, and let me 
come in among them in no other relation than a presbyter?' 
This I could not refuse, and so the matter was performed, 
on the 10th of July, 1623." Blair thus describes his 
ministerial labours at Bangor: — " My charge'was very great, 
consisting of about six miles in length, and containing above 
1,200 persons come to age, besides children who stood 
greatly in need of instruction. This being the case, .1 
preached twice every week besides the Lord's day, on all 
which occasions I found little difficulty either as to matter 
or method. But, finding still that this fell short of reach- 
ing the design of a Gcspel-ministry, and that the most part 
continued vastly ignorant, I saw the necessity of trying a 
more plain and familiar way of instructing them ; and, 
therefore, besides my public preaching, I spent as miich 
time every week, as my bodily strength could hold out with, 
in exhorting and catechising them. Not long after I fell 
upon this method, the Lord visited me with a fever ; on 
which, some, who hated my painfulness in the ministry, 
said, scoffingly, that they knew I could not hold out as 
I began. But in a little space it pleased the Lord to raise 
me up again, and he enabled me to continue that method 

the whole time I was there. The knowledge of God increas- 
ing among that people, and the ordinance of prayer being 
precious in their eyes, the work of the Lord did prosper in 
the place ; and in this we were much encouraged both by 
the assistance of holy Mr. Cunningham, and by the good 
example of his little parish of Holy wood. For, knowing that 
diversity of gifts is entertaining to the hearers, he and I did 
frequently preach for one and other, and we also agreed to 
celebrate the sacrament of the Lord's Supper four times in 
each of our congregations annually, so that those in both 
parishes who were thriving in religion, did communicate 
together on all occasions." " The first time," says Blair, " I 
dispensed the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, the so- 
lemnity was like to have been disorderly on this account. 
My noble patron and his lady would communicate kneeling; 
and, even after reasoning, his loixlship continued obstinate; 
so that I parted from him with sorrow, and resolved to 
delay that work until another time. But, bis lordship re- 
membering that his pew joined to the upper end of the 
table, and was so enclosed that only one's head could be 
discovered in it, he promised not to kneel on condition he 
received the elements within bis own pew. For peace 
sake, I rashly yielded to this offer, but was so much dis- 
composed by it next day, that when I came to the public, 
I was for half an hour so much deserted of God that I was 
about to give over the work of that day. But the Lord in 
great mercy pitied and helped me. For, preaching upon 
the words of the institution, 1 Cor. xi chap., and handling 
these words, ' This cup is the New Testament in my blood,' 
as soon as I began to discourse of that New Testament or 
Covenant, I found light and life flowing in upon my soul, 
enlarging it, and opening my mouth to speak with comfort 
and courage ; and, with this assistance, I went to the table 
and administered the Sacrament. The action being ended, 
my patron, and especially his lady, pre fessed their great 
satisfaction with that day's service, and proved my most 
tender and real friends ever after." 

Blair thus describes his introduction to Archbishop 
Ussher, and his conversations with him on several of the 
topics which were then agitating the religious world : — 

"L) March, 1627, my noble patron having had a great 
esteem of Primate Ussher, would have me to aceompajiy 
him to a meeting of the nobility and gentry of Ulster with 
the Primate. Accordingly I went, and had a kind invita- 
tion to be at his table, while I was in town. But, having 
once met with the English liturgy there, I left my excuse 
with my patron, that I expected another thing than formal 
liturgies in the family ol so learned and pious a man. 
The Primate excused himself, by reason of the great con- 
fluence that was there, and had the good nature to entreat 
n.e to come to Tredafi' LDrogbeds], where his ordinary resi- 
dence was, and where he would be mere at leisure to he 
better acquainted with me. I complied with the Primate's 
invitation, and found him veiy aflable and ready to impart 
his mind. He desired to know what was my judgment con- 


5. As to the education of his son, he was much concerned to make the best of one eye, yet was most 
fond of him. He choosed for him a very learned, discreet, and religious master, one Mr. James Trail 

ceming the nature of justifying and saving faith. I told 
him, in general, that I held the accepting of Jesus Christ, 
&s he i* freely offered in the Gospel, to be saving faith. 
With this he was well satisfied, and by a large discourse 
confirmed and further cleared the same, by the similitude 
of a marriage, where it is not the sending or receiving of 
gifts, but the accepting the person that constitutes the 
marriage. From this he passed on to try my mind concern- 
ing ceremonies, wherein we were not so far from agreeing 
as I feared. For, when I had freely opened my grievances, 
he admitted that all these things ought to have been re- 
moved, but the constitution and laws of the place and time 
would not permit that to be done. He added that be was 
afraid our strong disalTection to these would mar our minis- 
try ; that he had him>elf been importuned to stretch forth 
his hand against us ; and that, though he would not for the 
world do that, he feared instruments might be found who 
would do it ; and he added, that it would break his heart if 
oar successful ministry in the North were interrupted. 
Our conference ending, he dismissed me very kindly, though 
I gave him no high titles ; and, when trouble came upon us, 
he proved our very good friend." — Blair's Life, p 64. 

The following notice of a conference which he had with 
one of the Judges of Assize, before whom, when on the 
Northern circuit, he had the opportunity of preaching at 
Downpatrick, is also taken from his life : — 

" After sermon on the Lord's Day, one of the Judges, 
wanting to confer with me, sent for me to his lodgings ; 
where, after professing his satisfaction with what I had de- 
livered, especially in my last sermon, ' for therein,' said 
he, ' you opened a point which I ni;ver heard before, viz., 
the covenant of redemption made with Christ the Mediator, 
as head of the elect,' he entreated me to go over the heads 
of that sermon with him ; and, opening his Bible, he read 
over and considered tbe proofs cited ; and was so well satis- 
fied, that he protested, if his calling did not tie him to 
Dublin, he would gladly come to the North, and settle 
under such a ministi7." — lb. pp. 69, 70. 

Blair was suspended in September, 1681 ; a second time 
in 1633; and finally deposed, by Bishop Echlin, for non- 
conformity, in Nov., 1634.— <Ssc Beid's Fresb. Hist., pp. 134, 

Jaxes Hamiltos, who succeeded Blair, was the incum- 
bent in 1670, and aftf.rwards became Eector of Knockbreda 
and Dundonald. He is styled as " of Bally gralfen" in his 

Robert Hamilton succeeded him about the year 1698, 
and continued to be the incumbent certainly till 1721, in 
which year his name appears at the Annual Visitation. 

James Clewlow's name appears in the Annual Visitation 
liat for 1730, and continues till 1748. The name of 

Peteu Wi-NDiiK, or Wyndee, is given as his successor at 

the Annual Visitation held in 1752, and again in the year 
1770. His successor was 

James HAinxT0>f Clewlow, whose name appears on the 
list at the Annual Visitation held 31st July, 1771, and, for 
the last time, in the year 1801. 

The Annual Visitation List of 1802 declares the living 
vacant, but it the Parish Vestry Book of Bangor, 

Pierce Meade presided at a vestry held 3d October, 

George M'Dowell Johnston presided at a vestry held 
7th April, 1803, and 

Stephen Dickson at a vestry held 5th May, 1804, for the 
first time, and, for the last time, on 26th April, 1819. 

Henry Ward presided at vestry, for the first time, on 3d 
April, 1820, and, for the last time, on 1st March, 1823, when 
he became Eector of Killinchy. 

Robert Lloyd presided at vestry on 29th April, 1824. 

George Armstrong presided at vestries held on 5th April, 
1825, and 19th Sept., 1826. 

Henry George Johnson presided, for the first time, at 
a vestry held on 17th April, 1827, and, for the last time, at 
one held on 9th April, 1849 ; and 

Richard Binney, D.D.,the present incumbent, presided, 
for the first time, at vestry on 22d April, 1850. 

The living is an impropriate curacy, and the reputed pa- 
trons are Viscount Bangor and the Earl of Carrick.-&ct. 28. 

The foUowing is a list of the Presbyterian ministers of 
Bangor : — 

Robert Blair, after his deposition for nonconformity in 
Nov., 1634, continued to discharge in private the duties of 
the ministry until Sept., 1636, on the 9th of which month 
he sailed from Lochfergus (Carrickfergus, or Belfast 
Lough), intending to go to New England ; but, meeting 
with heavy gales of wind at sea, the ship was driven back, 
aA Blaii-, in 1637, went and dwelt at the " Strowe" (or 
Strand), near Belfast, and was, early in the following 
year, (1638,) chosen colleague to Mr. Wm. Annan, of Ayr. 
—See 1st Beid's Fresb. Hist., pp. 137, 144. 

Bangor appears to have had no settled minister from the 
year 1636 till 1646. Li 1642, the Presbyterians of a large 
portion of the County of Antrim, and of the northern parts 
of the County of Down, agreed to petition the General As- 
sembly of the Church of Scotland for a supply of ministers ; 
and the Parish of Bangor, at a meeting held on the last 
Wednesday in July, in that year, made special application 
for the restoration of Mr. Blair, by a petition signed by 63 


and directed tliat he should be managed according to his genius, and not much thwarted or over 
driven in y" prosecution of learning and other improvements, saying he would not lose the substance 

heads of families. Mr. Blair was sent by the General As- 
sembly to visit them, and accordingly spent some three 
mouths in the latter part of that year in Bangor and its 

Gilbert Eamsay was ordained to the charge of Bangor 
in 1646, htiving been recommended to the people by their 
former minister. Robert Blair. Mr. Eamsay's meeting- 
house was demolished in 1669 by order of Alice Countess 
of Clanbrassill, and he died in August, 1670. 

Archibald Hamilton succeeded Mr. Ramsay at Bangor, 
in the year 1670. On 14th March, 1689, he was one of the 
nine Presbyterian ministers who waited on the General 
Council at Hillsborough, for the purpose of offering cer- 
tain suggestions in relation to the defence of the country. 
In 1689, Mr. Hamilton removed to Wigton on account of 
the troubles, but his connexion with Bangor did not wholly 
cease upon his removal ; for, in 1691, he is described as 
minister of the Irish congregation in Bangor, and also of 
the Scottish Parish of Wigton. He died at Wigton, 29th 
June, 1695, aged 75 years. 

Mr. H.4.MILT0S, a grandson of the foregoing Archibald 
Hamilton, whose Christian name is also supposed to have 
been Archibald, succeeded his grandfather for a short time 
at Bangor. 

William BiGGAK,from Scotland, was installed 1st March, 
1704. He resigned the charge in March, 1728, and re- 
turned to Scotland. Mr. Cochrane, of Kilraughts, was 
called to Bangor in 1731, but his translation was not sanc- 
tioned by the Synod, and Mr. Biggar's successor was 

James Mackay, who was ordained 15th Nov., 1732, and 
continued minister till 1747 ; but, in 1748, 

Mr. Cochrane having received a second call, he was in- 
stalled on 6th Dec, 1748, his annual stipend being £60, 
and 20 bolls of oats yearly. 

James Hull, previously of Cookstown, was installed 4th 
January, 1763, as assistant and successor of Mr. Cochrane, 
who died 2nd June, 1765. 

David Taggart was ordained 21st May, 1793, as assistant 
and successor to Mr. Hull, who died 30th March, 1794, and 
Mr. Taggart was drowned at Bangor Quay on the 17th 
March, 1808. 

Hugh Woods was ordained 15th Nov., 1808, and is still 
living, aged 86. 

Joseph Crawford M'Cullagh, of Tipperary, was in- 
stalled as assistant and successor to Mr. Woods, on 24th 
Feb., 1857. 

The Editor of these MSS. is indebted to his friend, R. 
S. Nicholson, Esq., ot Ballow, for the foregoing lists of 

the successors of Blair, in the Parish of Bangor, both 
Episcopalian and Presbyterian, to the present time. The 
lists of Bole's successors in Killileagh parish were kindly 
supplied to him by the Rev. Mr. Breakey, the Presbyterian 
minister, and were sabmitted to the Rev. Dr. Hincks, the 
Episcopal clergyman of that parish, for his revision. But 
he regrets that he has been unable to obtaia similar lists 
for the other parishes. 

3. Killinchy. — Occasionally called Killinchenemaghery, 
the " island chui'ch of the plain," to distinguish it from 
Killinchinekille, the " island church of the wood," which 
is now called " Killinchy in the Woods," and is a town- 
land in Killyleagh parish. — Reeves' Eccl. Ant., p. 10. The 
parish church stands in the old churchyard, " seated on a 
high hill, and therefore by some called in jest the Visible 
Church." — Harris's Co. Down. p. 76. This parish is a Rec- 
tory, and the present reputed patrons are Viscount Bangor 
and the Earl of Carrick. — Erck's Irish Eccl. Beg., p. 28. 
Killinchy is not mentioned in the Ulster Visitation 
Book for 1622, but John Livingston, A.M., thus narrates 
the circumstance of his removal from Scotland to it in 
1630 :— 

" Being in Irvine, Mr. Robert Cunningham, minister at 
Holywood, in Ireland, and some while before that, Mr G. 
Dunbar, minister of Lame in Ireland, propounded to me, 
seeing there was no appearance I could enter into the 
ministry in Scotland, whether or not I would be content 
to go to L-eland ? I answered them both, if I got clear 
call and a free entry I would not refuse. About August 
1630, I got letters from the Viscount Clanniboy, to come to 
Ireland, in reference to a call to KilUnchy ; whither I went, 
and got a unanimous call from the parish. And because it, 
was needful that I should be ordained to the ministi^, and 
the bishop of Down, in whose diocese Killinchy was, being 
a corrupt timorous man, and would require some engage- 
ment, therefore, my Lord Clanniboy sent some with me, 
and wi-ote to Mr Andrew Knox, bishop of Rapho ; who, when 
I came, and had delivered the letters from my Lord Clanni- 
boy, and from the Earl of Wigton, and some others, that I 
had for that purpose brought out of Scotland, told me he 
knew my eiTand ; that I came to him because I had scruples 
against episcopacy and ceremonies, according as Mr Josias 
Welsh and some others had done before ; and that he 
thought his old age was prolonged for little other purposes 
but to do such offices ; that, if I scrapled to call him 
' my lord,' he cared not much for it ; all he would desire 
of me, because they got there but few sermons, was, that I 
would preach at Ramallen the first Sabbath, and that he 
would send for Mr. Wm. Cunningham and two or three 
other neighbouring ministers to be present, who, after 
sermon, would give me imposition of hands ; but, altho' 
they performed the work, he behoved to be present ; and, 
altho' he durst not answer it to the State, he gave me the 


fir saining of accidents, and woiild rather have no scholar than no son. He judged it most con- 
▼eaient to'send him (with the aforesaid Mr. Trail) to travel some years for his improvement, which 

h.v>k of ordination, and desired that anything I scrupled at 
I should draw a line over it on the margin, and that Mr. 
Cunningham should not read it. But I found that it had 
Wen 80 marked by some others before, that I needed not 
mark anything: so the Lord was pleased to carry that 
business far beyond anything that I had thought, or almost 
erer desired." — Livingston's Life. 

When in Ireland, he thus narrates the ordinary pro- 
ceedings of himself and his brethren in the ministry :— 

•' Not only had we public worship free of any inventions 
of men, but we had also a tolerable discipline ; for after I 
had been some while among them, by the advice of heads 
ot families, some ablest for that charge were chosen elders, 
to oversee the manners of the rest, and some deacons, to 
RHther and distribute the coUections. We met every week, 
and such as fell into notorious public scandals we desired 
to come before us. We needed not to have the communion 
oftener"— (than twice a year in each parish) — " for there 
wt-re nine or ten parishes within the bounds of twenty 
miles, or little more, wherein there were godly and able 
ministers that kept a society together, and every one of 
these had the communion twit^e a year at different times, 
«nd had two or three of the neighbouring ministers to help 
thereat, and most part of the religious people used to re- 
S'>rt to the communions of the rest of the parishes. Most 
oi all the ministers used ordinarily to meet the^first Friday 
ot evt n- month at Antrim, where was a great and good 
congregation, and that day was spent in fasting, and prayer, 
and public preaching. Commonly two preached every 
forenoon, and two in the afternoon. W^e used to come to- 
K>'ther the Thursday's night before, and stayed the Friday's 
night afler, and consulted about such things as concerned 
the carrying on of the work of God : and these meetings, 
among ourselves, were sometimes as profitable as either 
Pr-sbyteries or Synods." — Ibid. 

Livingston was silenced for nonconformity by Bishop 
£;hlin, on the 4th of May, 1632, and then retired for a 
time to Scotland ; but Strafford, the then Lord Deputy, 
h »ring, in the month of May, 1634, written to Bishop 
Echlin, to withdraw for six months his sentence of sus- 
p>!n8ion, Livingston was thereupon restored to the exercise 
lOi his ministry, in Killinchy, from which however he was 
finally deposed by Bishop Leslie, in November, 1635, and 
l>rmally excommunicated by Melvin, the minister of Down- 
patrick. In September, 1636, he sailed for New England, 
with 140 other emigrants, who for the sake of enjoying 
liberty of conscience, intended settling with him, in the 
then uncultivated wilds of America ; but a'ter a stormy 
Toynge of between three and four hundred leagues from 
Ireland, the ship in which they sailed sprung a leak, and they 
were oblig.'d to return to Loch Fergus fiom which they had 
•ailed, on the 3rd of November in that year. He then con- 
tinued for some time to discharge in private the duties of the 
ministry, residing chiefly at the house of his mothcr-in 

law, Mrs. Stevenson, at the iron furnace at Malone, near 
Belfast, twelve miles from Killinchy, where he preached 
almost every Sabbath ; but, a warrant having been issued 
against him, he retired to Irvine in Scotland, where he re- 
mained till July, 1638, when he was admitted minister at 
Stranraer. Whilst he was settled there, great numbers 
usually went over from Ireland, at the stated celebration 
of the Communion ; and, on one occasion, 500 persons, 
principally from the County of Down, visited Stranraer, 
to receive that ordinance from his hands. From Stranraer 
he was removed in 1648, to Ancrum in Teviotdale. 

On his banishment from Scotland, at the Restoration, he 
wrote a farewell letter to his parishioners, in which, after 
giving them many important counsels, he adds : — 

" I recommend to you, above all books, except the 
blessed Word of God, the Confession of Faith and Larger 

This eminent servant of God, after numerous trials and 
vicissitudes, died at Rotterdam, in HoUand, in 1672, and 
on his death-bed he made this solemn declaration : — 

" I die in the faith that the truths of God, which he hath 
helped the Church of Scotland to own, shall be owned by 
by him as truths, so long as sun and moon endure." 

4. Craigavad and Holy^oood. — Robert Cunningham, 
M.A., is returned in the Ulster Visitation Book for 1622, 
(MSS. Trin. Coll. Dub.) as minister of the parish of Craig- 
avad and Holywood, and is described as " resident at 
Hollywood — serveth these cures, and maintained by a 
stipend from Sir James Hamilton — church repaired in part." 
Dr. Reid, at p. 101, of the first volume of his Presbyterian 
Histoi-y, states, that he had been chaplain to the Earl of 
Buccleugh's regiment in Holland ; but, removing to Ireland 
on the return of the troops to Scotland, he was, on the 9th 
of Nov., 1015, admitted to the ministry by Bishop Echlin. 

The following description of these parishes is taken from 
Dr. Reeves' Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Con- 
nor : — " Cragger, now Craigavad, ' the rock of the boat,' a 
townland in the north part of Holywood parish, and bor- 
dering on Belfast Lough. At the Dissolution, this church, 
with the tithes of five adjacent townlands, was appropriate 
to the Abbey of Bangor. The foundations of the Church, 
measuring about 48 feet by 18 feet, still remain in a rocky 
field, which lies between Craigavad House and the Lough; 
and beside them stands a solitary tombstone, sacred to the 
memory of James M'Gee, who died in 1714." — " Haliwode, 
now Holywood Parish. The ancient church, which is a 
building of great age, measuring 78 by 24 feet, was used v 
till lately, for divine worship. Instead of the English { 
name, the form Sanctus Boscua is sometimes met with. \ 


he did the length of Rome, very safely and successfully, and returned with great improvements in 
such things whereunto his genius allowed or agreed unto/ 

|A.D. 1210, July 29, King John halted '■ apud Sanctum 
^Boscum,' when on his way from Carrickfergus to Down- 
patrick. — Eot. de Prestito, 12 Johan, Tur. Land. A.D. 
1217, Jordanus de Saukeville was confirmed hy Henry III. 
in the possession of his lands ' de Saiicto Bosco.' — Hardy's 
Rot. Claus., vol. 1, p. 304 b. At the Dissolution, a small 
^ religious house of the Third Order of St. Francis existed 
here ; it was dependent on the Franciscan Abbey of Ban- 
gor, and was endowed with five townlands. — Monast, Hib., 
p. 121. Lord Dungannon is the reputed patron of the im- 
propriate curacy of Holywood. — Erclc's Ir. Ec. Reg., p. 28. 

5. Talpestown or Balhjhalhert. — George Porter, M.A., 
is returned in the Visitation Book for 1622, as minister of 
the parish of Talpestown, or Talbotstown ; and is described 
as " curate and resident — maintained by a stipend from 
Sir James Hamilton — The Prebend of Talpeston is vacant, 
Pat. Hamilton being deprived by the Lord Primate for 
non-residence — church repaired." Harris, in his History 
of County Down, at p. 8, being unaware of the identity of 
Talbotstown and Ballyhalbert, states that the tithes and 
lands of Talbotstown were then entirely lost, although, in 
the same page, he mentions that the vicarages of Bally- 
■walter, Ballyhalbert, and Linishargy were united by sta- 
tute 2 Anne ; and Dr. Reid, in the first vol. of his Presby- 
terian History, p. 432, remarks of Talpeston or Talbots- 
town, " I have not been able to ascertain the locality of 
this parish." Dr. Eeeves, however, with his usual accuracy, 
atp: 20, of his Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, iden- 
tifies Ballyhalbert with Talpeston, and states that the 
ancient name was derived from the family of Talbot, 
which settled in the counties of Down and Antrim soon 
after the invasion. The primate is the reputed patron of 
this vicarage. — Erch, p. 28. 

6. Dundonald. — John Leathem, M.A., is returned in 
the Ulster Visitation Book for 1622, as minister of this 
parish, and is thus described: " Resident — serveth the cure, 
and maintained by a stipend from Sir James Hamilton — 
church ruined." This parish derives its name from a large 
earthen fort which stands beside the church. In the 
modem parish of Dundonald have merged the ancient cha- 
pelries of Castlebeg and Ballyoran. — Beeves' Eccl. Antiq., 
p. 11. Lord Dungannon is the reputed patron of the Eec- 
tory of Dundonald. — Erch, p. 28. 

Dr. Reid. at p. 123 of the first volume of his Presbyte- 
rian History, says : — " The support of some of these minis- 
ters was derived from the tithes of the parishes in which 
they laboured ; while others received a fixed endowment, 

paid, as in Scotland, by the patron, in lieu of the tithe 
which was received directly by himself; and to this en- 
dowment was occasionally added a stipend from the people. 
Blair relates, that, at his settlement, the people of Bangor 
promised, if the patron's offer of maintenance were not 
large enough, they would willingly add to the same. His 
predecessor, Gibson, had been maintained solely by a fixed 
endowment paid by Sir James Hamilton, the landlord and 
patron of the parish ; and, Cunningham, of Holywood, was 
supported in a similar manner. On the other hand, Li- 
vingston's support was derived entirely from the people ; 
though he states he ' never had of stipend in "Killin chy 
above £4 sterling by year.' " 

f Whilst on this tour. Lord Claneboy received the fol- 
lowing letter from Mr. Traill : — 

" Paris, October, 1633. 
*' Right Honourable and my own Honourable Lord and 
Master,— Your lordship's first and last of the 20th Septem- 
ber came to my hands two hours ago, as we were going to 
supper, directed to Mons. Rugier, the King's agent here. 
They were to me matter of joy, because of the continuance 
of your lordship's health, as" they satisfied the master's 
longing, of which your lordship may easily judge, knowing 
his dutifulness and afi'ection, which no son can have more, 
and none such but he that has such a father. The con- 
sideration of the season made us hasten from London, 
reserving much to our return (God willing) and our pas- 
sage by sea ; our journey has been forwarded hitherto 
without risk or impediment. The best towns between this 
and our landing lay directly in our way— Boulogne and 
Montruil, strong garrison towns, and Abbeville. As for 
Calais, which we desired to see, it was so far out of our 
way, as to see it we must have gone direct back again, and 
we were loath to begin our journey by a retrogradation. 
Amiens was a little aside, but so infected with the plague, 
that we shunned it of purpose. While we are here this 
winter, as the holidays fall oiit, we intend some excursions 
to the places hereabouts ; and whatever may benefit the 
master by sight shall not be neglected :— and thus tar your 
lordship's letter has led me. By former letters from this 
place (for I have written every week, and some weeks twice) 
your lordship, I hope, knows our arrival here ; how we are 
lodged ; that the master is entered into his exercises of 
riding, and dancing, and fencing ; and how he spends his 
time otherwise. 

" In the morning about seven o'clock he goes to the aca- 
demy, and after two hours or more abode there, he is 
either busied reading French or Latin ; then, a little after 
dinner, the dancing master comes to him ; then the fencing 
master ; then one for the French tongue, with whom he 
spends an hour before supper either in reading or trans- 
lating French for the perfecting of his pronunciation and 
understanding of that language, of which, when he is in 
some measure master, some time may be had for the ele- 
ments of logic and mathematics. Thus yr. lordship has 


6 He Hved tm he settled aU his affairs peaceably. His son was married creditably and comfortably 
and had some issue ; and he had many and very hopefuU nephews and some nieces, of all which he 
took a loving care and oversight. He Hved to see the war of Ireland, and by his wisdom and power 
of his tenants, and the interest he had at Court, was very successful for the preservation of Ulster 
from the power of the enemy, as he was very charitable to distress'd people that came in great num- 
bers from the upper countrys. He was of a robust, healthfull body, and managed to the best advan- 
tage; died without sickness unexpectedly ere he finished his will (which he was about) or settle- 
ment he then intended, at least ere it was published,^ though I am very creditably, I may say cer- 
tainly, informed, he published a Deed of Settlement of his estate as to the succession thereof, many 
years before he died. He was very honourably intombed in the place he had prepared for himself 
in the church of Bangor,'' in which his whole family is now laid by him. 

an account of all his time, save that which is morning and 
evening, first and last, his duties of piety, and the time of 
diet and sleep, of which praised be God, his health gives 
very good account. 

'•'My lord, that which I would have him chiefly direct 
his endeavours to, is his riding and fencing for exercise, 
and most of all his knowledge of men and business, with- 
out which there cannot be confidence or discretion in a 
man's carriage. As his judgment ripens, sight and con- 
versation will give him more assurance. As to the nerfs 
and sinews of our domestic affairs, they shall be dispensed 
as frugally as we can, if you approve of our design to begin 
the circuit of France about the end of March, or 1st of 
April, and to rest in Geneva the last months of the 
summer till the 1st of October. For that journey and 
time of abode in Geneva, we shall have need of no less 
than £.350 sterling, which should be made over to us, as 
here we might receive a part of the money, and for an- 
other part bills to Bordeaux, and for the rest bills to 
Geneva ; and from which place, if your lordship will have 
the master step into Italy, new bills must be had for such 
sums as that journey for at least six months will require. 
But at that distance a letter of credit will supply us better 
than bills of exchange. If you so please, the letter may be 
so eontriyed that the money be not delivered, but unto the 
master himself with me. And, moreover, for our jour- 
ney to Italy another pass must be had, because that which 
we had in London has an exclusive clause, as your L^iship 
may have seen by the copy which I sent you from London, 
bamug us from all countries and persons, not in amity and 
league with oar sovereign— this chiefly at Rome. — The 
master would be glad it might fall out that James Steven- 
son, or some other of these parts, were at Bordeaux, at the 
time when we shall be there, or, at least that we knew the 
time of their coming. Our time there, if it please God, 
may be about the end of April, or beginning of May 
rather. The master is very desirous that your lordship 
and my lady shall drink wine of his tasting ; to send it by 
a ship to London to Mr. Archibald, and from him to Ire- 
land, would be double trouble and charge, and not so sure. 
"James Traill." 

Lord Claneboye also received from his son the following 
letter while on this tour : — 

" 22nd April, 1635. 

" Right Honourable and most dear father, — I did write 
unto your lordship when I was at Rome, and have seen all 
the things that are to be observed ; but because the air was 
not good to stay there in summer, therefore am I come to 
Florence in good health, thanks be to God. I do purpose 
to live here quietly for a while, and write to your lordship 
as often as occasion will permit ; also I will seek out here 
for an honest Italian boy, as your lordship hath com- 
manded ; so I rest, craving your blessing, and praying God 
to keep your lordship in good health. — Your most obedient 
Bonne, " James Hamilton." 

He also wrote to his mother as follows : — 

"Right hon. and most dear mother, — This is the 3d 
letter I have written to your ladyship since I came to town. 
I am glad to hear of your ladyship by my father's letter, 
wherein I hear that your ladyship did write unto me, but 
I have not received it yet. I hope the blessings which 
your ladyship hath sent in my father's letter shall not be 
in vain, because they are sent from so loving a mother. 
So I rest, praying God to keep your ladyship in good 
health, and leave your blessing to your most obedient 
Bonne, "James Hamilton." 

s A copy of it is given in the Appendix to this chapter. 

t The present church of Bangor was built within the old 
Abbey about the year 1616, by Sir James Hamilton, and 
was not finished till the year 1623 ; both which particulars 
appear from dates on a stone in the south walks, and on 
an old oak pulpit now lying in a corner of the church. The 
steeple of it, through which the entrance is into the church, 
is supported by an arch of nine strings of beads, not 
centring in a point, as many others do, but springing at 
equal distances round the arch from side to side ; and an 
inscription thereon declares it was raised in 1693, at which 
time the church was well repaired by James Hamilton, 
Esq., and afterwards beautified by his widow, Sophia Mor- 


■ The second brother, Archibald, married first to' * * then Rachel Carmichael, daughter 
to one named by his lands * who was of great account in his time, whose eldest son was Lord 
Carmichael,'' and whose family still flourishes in Scotland. She proved a very virtuous woman, and 
good mother to his numerous family, and lived in widowhood all her life thereafter, and died of a 
great age ; she bore twenty-two children * sons and * * daughters, whereof six sons 
came to be men, viz., John, James,' Archibald, Gawin," 'William, and Robert, and his daughter 
Janet lived to a good age — of those more particularly afterward. This gentleman was really 
eminent for wisdom, piety, dexterity in his calling, and that, by God's blessing upon his honest 
endeavours, he purchas'd a good estate, partly in Scotland,'' and partly in Ireland ; lived to a great 
age, and died much lamented. 

The third brother, Gawin (as has been said)," was bred unto and followed merchandise with great 
industry and success. He married Helen Dunlop, of a family then and now in good account in the 
same parish, whereof Hans was * and had by her two sons, Archibald, and James, and two 
daughters, Jane and Helen — of whom afterwards. He died by water near Colrain, using some 
means in a cog boat for guiding out his three ships over the Bar of Colrain. There were two ship- 
men with him, whereof one died with him in the overturning of the boat, and the other was saved 
by swimming. He died under thirty years of age, and was creditably buried in the church of Col- 
rain, with great lamentation, partly on account of the accident, and partly that he was a very oblig- 
ing and thriving gentleman, and likely to have been very beneficial to all that place. 

daunt, sister to the late Earl of Peterborough. It is, in- 
deed, handsomely adorned, the chancel, with a neat and 
well-carved altar-piece, is supported with Corinthian pillars 
fluted ; the rails about the Communion Table and the pul- 
pit carved, the seats regularly laid out, and the whole exe- 
cuted with oak timber. — Harris's County Doian, p. 61. 
The following is a copy of an inscription on a monument 
in Bangor Church: — " Sacred to the memory of James 
Hamilton^ of Bangor, Esq., descended from the family of 
the Lords of Claneboy ; and Sophia Mordaunt, his consort, 
daughter to John Lord Viscount Mordaunt, and grand- 
daughter to the Earl of Peterborough, and to the Earl of 
Monmouth. This monument (as an act of filial piety) was 
erected pursuant to the will of Anne, their eldest daughter 
(relict of Michael Ward, Esq., late a Justice of the King's 
Bench ia L-eland), who departed this life in Dublin, on the 
17th day of May, 1760." On the present site stood the 
ancient church of Beanchuir, or Banchor, the foundation of 
of which is thus recorded by the Four Masters, at the year 
652 : — " Ecclesia Benchorensis fundata per Comgallum 
Benchorensem." — Rer. Hib. Script., vol. 3, p. 157- Dr. 
Eeeves, at p. 13 of his Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down 
and Connor, states, that, though Bangor is placed by the 

taxation in the rural deanery of Blaethwyc, it has been 
from the earliest period regarded as belonging to the civil 
territory of the Ards. Thus, the Book of Armagh relates 
that " Comgallus constituit magnum monasterium quod 
vocatur Bennchor in regione, quas dicitur Altitude Ulto- 
ram.'"— Fleming, Collectan, p. 805, col. 2. 

' See note to page 11, ante. 

^ Sir James Carmichael, Bart., of Hyndford, represen- 
tative of that ancient family, was created a peer of Scot- 
land, as Baron Cai-michael, with remainder, failing his 
direct descendants, to his male heirs whatever, 27th Dec, 
1647. He died in 1672, and was succeeded by his grand- 
son, John, second Lord Carmichael, who was created Earl of 
Hyndford on 25th June, VJQl.— Burke's Ex. Peerages, p.721. 

1 Of Neilsbrook, in the County of Antrim, the ancestor of 
the present Eight Hon. Frederick Temple, Baron Dufferin 
and Claneboye, in the peerage of Ireland, and Baron Clan- 
deboye, in the peerage of Great Britain. 

m Of Killileagh Castle, in the county of Down, ancestor 
of the present Gawen Kowan Hamilton,- Esq. 

n At Halcraig, in Lanarkshire. 

At page 11, ante. 


The fourth brother, John/ married Sarah Brabson,'' of a creditable family, and had children by her 
M-hich came to age, Hans, James, and Francis, sons, and Mary and Helen, daughters — of whom more 
in due time. He was a prudent person, and painfull man ; lived to a good age, and died,^ much la- 

p Of Hamiltons-Bawn, in the County of Armagh, and 
Coronary, in the County of Cavan. 

1 Daughter of Sir Anthony Brabazon, of Ballinasloe, in 
the County of Roscommon, Knight, Governor of Con- 

r On the 4th of December, 1639. At page 11, ante, it is 
stated that he was employed by his eldest brother, Sir 
James Hamilton, " in agenting of his law affairs for a 
time " The following letter, which was written by him 
whilst he was so employed, has been found among the 
family papers : — 

" Sib, — I have receaved your letters which you sent me 
by Anthonye, and according to your direction I cam to 
Dublin witli the best speed that 1 could, but as yet cannot 
make any agreement for St. Mary Abay, for that no parcells 
of it is past : neither had they fully condissendit what par- 
cells to pass by reason of some differances of the opinion 
of Mr. Delahyd and Mr. Eecorder, and of S^ Francis An- 
neslye, and S^ James Carroll's business, in other affayres 
that could not attend it. Notheless they have now resolved 
by God's grace to pass the grant, and to dispose of it befor 
Sr Francis com for England, if they can conveniently do 
it, but howsoever to pass it, for which purpose I mynd to 
attend here till that be effected, but since my coming we 
could not meet with one that would buy the whole and pass 
it, nor yet your half of it, but syndry would buy particular 
parcells when it is past. As for Plarye, Mr. Croe did enter 
his suit as you wrote, but proceeded no further, he being 
content himself to forbear it, and the state of that matter 
being made known to the Judges, and that you were absent 
to whom the right did belong, who also had the writings 
and evidences that might clear that matter with yourself, 
they thought fitt that it should be deferred till your coming, 
which both Justice Sibthorpe and the rest of your friends 
have thought was the best course, and I could not see any 
disadvantage to you in it, and therefore let it rest so, but 
yet had regard that he should not proceed any further— and 
now since the receipt of your letters we have had som 
conference with Mr. Croe, concerning the purches, but 
as yet he is not com necr to the least that you demand by 
more nor a fourth part, and withall doth seek syndry 
clauses of warrandyse of any thing den by Si' Francis and 
his ladye, which we will not meddle with ; but he hath 
promised to-morrow to give us his absolut answer, there- 
upon we shall follow that course that we shall think shall 
be best for your benefit, and advertise you with the best 
speed that we may ; for, if we do not agree with him, we 
shall trye what we can do with others.— As for Anthonye, 
befor my coming from Clanchie, I brought all your ten- 
nants befor him, sliowing both to him and them what was 
due by every of them, which they promised to pay him with 
all the haste that they could, praying to forbear them for 
som short time that they might sell some of their commo- 

dities at som faires which were near, and then they would 
pay him ; so he is collecting of it with the best speed 
that he may to bring it to Mr. Croe, which I hope he shall 
do very shortlie ; but in truth money is very scarce in 
this country. I hear also that Patrick Shawe is come 
to Bangor to receave the rents due there. My cousin 
Bayley hath sent the letter herewith enclosed to Mrs. 
Bayley. He hath been very desirous to com over before 
this tym, but hath not got his land passed as yet, altho now 
he hath taken a course of it, as also the money was very 
scarce here, so that he could not com in that sort that he 
thought was fitting ; but now he hath made himself 
ready to come over before the end of this month, God will- 
ing, and doth intreat you to cause delyver this letter to 
her, and of yourself to excuse his stay here, which he 
could not help. I have sent the household furniture that 
my lady left here to Bangor, according as she did direct. 
Your accompt that you wrote for, concerning Mr. Wake- 
man, shall come over with Anthonye, and so also I hope 
shall the discharge that you desyred from Sr Arthur 
Savage, who hath promised it, but will not meddle with any. 
thing concerning St. Mary Abbay. I have spoken with S' 
James Carroll concerning Mr. Wakeman, and the money 
that is due to him, and he sayeth that, for his part of that 
money, he disbursed it at the direction of the Earl of 
Devonshyre. and of Mr. Earth and Mr. Wakeman, as may 
appear by their letters and other writts, which you have in 
your custody, by which you might cans them to allow it if 
you would; for if he were there with these writts he might 
do it. And he doth also alledge, that at the purchase of that 
grant he did disburse the money in great, and did receive 
it again in such small parcells, as it came never together to 
a sum to do him good, and with all, that you kept for your 
own use the chief and principal parcells wherein was 
most benefit, and that he got those that were meanest, 
or at least rate to be had for, and that therefor you should 
regard him ; so that, howsever it be, we can not get him to 
send over any money, or to relieve you of that debt : but 
you must take the best course that you can there for it, 
and we shall do what we may here, and advertise you more 
fully by the nest. So, my duetye remembred to yourself 
and my ladye, with my loyal nevoy, praying God to bless 
and preserve you all, I rest your loving brother, to be 
commandit, " John Hamilton. 

" Dublin, 10th May, 1621." 

" Sara hath sent to Coronary for the lynen clothes and 
yearne that my lady desyred, and I hope it shall be here 

" To the Honourable and my very loving brother Sr 
James Hamilton, Knyght, one of his Ma'i» privie counsel! 
in Ireland." 

This letter is thus endorsed in Sir James Hamilton's 
handwriting — " 10th May, 1621. — John Hamilton, for his 
proceedings upon S* Marie Abay, and the Abay of Plarie, 
business in Dublin, after my letters reC^ by him from An- 
tonie : — Also concerning Mr. Wakeman." 


merited and beloved of all that knew him ; was laid in a vault at the church of Mullaghbrack, in y* 
County of Armagh, which he had prepared for himself and family. 

The fifth brother, "William,^ married ^ Melvill, daughter to Sir John Melville, in Isle-a- 
Kail, and had children by her, James, John, Hans, and William, Ursula, and * * He 
was a prudent, industrious, and pious man, very usefall in the country, and to my Lord Claneboy ; 
he died of middle age ; had but little satisfaction in his wife, but was very patient towards her ; was 
creditably buried, and with great lamentation, at Hollywood, having left his wife and children a 
very competent estate, as was formerly noticed. 

The sixth brother, Patrick, married one * Glenn, daughter of a gent, of the neighbour- 
hood whei:e he was Minister, viz., Euderwick, a very frugal wife, but not altogether so prudent as his 
station and disposition required; and he had children by her, James, Alexander, Archd., and Elizabeth. 
He lived in very good esteem and usefullness in his Ministry, and among the gentry in that whole 
country, and left his family competently provided; died of ndddle age, and was buried with 
great regret at the church where he was Minister. 

The things observable of them are — 1. That they were all men of very good, both natural and 
acquired, parts ; of good persons ; tempers religiously disposed ; and of great respect with all that 
were acquainted with them. — 2. They abounded in natural afiection toward each other and their 
families, and so became very usefull and comfortable in the raising and supporting of one another 
while living, and carefuU of their families who were dead ; especially, my Lord Claneboy acted the 
part of a parent to all his nephews and nieces whilst he lived, though they were much disappointed in 
the expectation he himself had raised in them at or after his death, thro' some accidents partly 
hinted at, and others not to be too scrutinously digged up to posterity. — 3. My Lord had great 
credit, comfort, and strength, by his nephews, in the war that broke out in 1641,* whilst they proved 

»Of Newcastle, in the Ards, CoTmty Down, the ancestor patches were followed by others from the King, at Edinburgh, 

ofthe present Viscount Bangor, in the peerage of Ireland. received on the 7th Nov., assui-ing the Northern Protest- 

* This Rebellion broke out on the 23rd of October, 1641, ants of speedy and efficient support. Shortly after, 

and, in November, the Lords Justices sent commissions to he forwarded commissions, dated the 16th of the same 

Lords Viscounts Claneboye, and of the Ards, for raising month, to the Lord of Ards, and Sir James Montgomery, 

Scots in the northern parts, and putting them into arms. in the County of Down, authorising each of them to raise 

— Temple's IrisJi BebeUion,-g. 53. — The Lords Justices sent a regiment of 1,000 foot, and a troop of horse. These 

commissions by sea to Ulster, the communication by land forces, however, were ia great want of arms. The Lords 

being interrupted by the rebels, empowering Captain Arthur Justices had sent 400 muskets, with a due proportion of 

Chichester, and Sii- Ai-thur Tyringham to take the com- ammunition to the Lords Claneboy, and Ards { Temple, 91) 

mand of all the forces in the County of Antrim, and urging but this supply was insufficient, as Lord Claneboy soon 

the Lords Chichester, Claneboy, and Ardes, with several after sent to Scotland to purchase an additional quantity of 
knights and gentlemen, to use their best efforts for the - arms. This application was made January 21, 1642, by 

suppression of the rebellion. — 1 Carte, 187. These des- Richard Tweedie, servitor to the Lord Claneboy, 


very industrious, and remarkably courageous in that war, wMcli became very advantageous to his 

Ceil. neg. House, £daih.) ; and the following is a copy of 
the Bond entered into on the occasion. : — 

"At Edinburghe the twentie scxte of Januar, M.D.C. 
fourtie twa j'ieres. In presence of y« Lordis and utheris 
comissioneris appoyntit for the comoun burdingis of this 
kingdome, comperied Mr. James Baird, advacat pro'' for 
WiUiame Muire, of Glanderstoun, and Robert Twedie, ser- 
vitor to y« Viscount of Clandebuyes, in Ireland, and gave 
in the Bond undersrrittcn, desiring y« same to be insert and 
registrat in y« said comissioneris yair buikes, to have the 
strenth of aiie decreit with lettres and esecntioun to be 
decreit y^apon in maner y^in contained. The whilk desire 
the sadis comissioneris thought ressonable, and thairfor hes 
ordained and ordaines : The said Bond to be insert and 
registrat in yair sadis bnikis, decernes ye same to have ye 
strenth of y' "decreit, and ordaines lettres and executiouns 
to be direct yupoan in manner specifiet ynntill wrof the 
tennir folio wis :— Be it kend to all men be yir pn*. lettres, 
We Williame Mure, of Glanderstoun, and Robert Twedie, 
sen-itor to y« Viscount of Clandebuyes, in Ireland ; Forsa- 
meikle as by order and warrand from y" comissioneris we 
have resavit from Colonell Alexander Hamiltoun, generall 
of ye artailziaery forth of ye comoun magazine of ye said 
kingdome, the number of four hundreth muskets, with yair 
bandeleires at ten punds ye piece, to be payit at Witsunday 
next : Thairfor we be yir putis Bonds and obleis us our 
aires, exrs, and successors conjimctlie and severally to mak 
thankfoll payment of ye forsaid sowme of ten pundis as 
y« liijuidat pryce agried upon be us for ilk ane of ye saidis 
four hundreth musketts, with yaii- bandeleirs, extending in 
all to four thowsand pundis Scotis money ; To ye saidis 
commissioneris for ye comoun burdeengs, and to yare re- 
ceiveris in yair names, or any utheris haveing yair warrand 
for yat effect; and yat within the burghe of Edinburghe be- 
twL\t ye dait heirof and ye * * * and * * * 
of Witsunday next, but langer delay ; Togither with 
y sowme of four hundieth punds of liquidat expenses in 
caise of tailzie, Together witliye wrent and profeit of ye said 
principiill sowme conforme to ye act of parliament soe lang 
as ye samyn shall remayine unpayit after ye terme of pay- 
ment above written. Provydeing, yat if betwixt the last 
day of Marche next we cane really deliver back again to ye 
said magazine at Edf. or Leith the saidis four hundreth 
muskets with yair bandeleirs in als gude caise as we have 
now resavit the same : In yat caise we and our forsaids to 
be frie of ye payment of ye pryces yof abovewritten, and of 
yis present Bond, and of all yat may follow yrupon. And 
for the mair securitie we are content and consent thir pnts 
be insert and registrat in ye saids comissioneris yair bulks 
to y« strenth of ane decreit. That lettres and execution of 
horneiiig on ten dayes and nyts necess^ may pas heirupon 
informe as effeires. And constitutes Mr. James Baird ad- 
voeat our procurator, for remitting decrate. In witness 
y^of we have subscryvit thir presentis with our hands, writ- 
ten be William Merschell, servitor, and Robert Hepburne 
advocat cl.,rk to ye said comissioneris an Edinburghe ye 
twentie sixt day of Januar, M.D.C. fourtie twa years. Befor 
Uieir witntss, Gavin Blair, of Halylie, Captaine Robert 
JJlare. his sone, and ye said Williame Merschell, and his 
flubi. W°^ Muire, Robert Twedie— Gavin Blair, witness, Rt. 

Blair, witness, W. Merschell, witness. — Extractum de libris 
actorum diet, comissionariorum per me, R*. Hepburne." 

The following letter from Lord Claneboye to his brother- 
in-law, William Mure of Glanderstone, has reference to 
these arms, and also to the erection of the Chapel men- 
tioned in the note to page 3, ante : — 

" Good Brother, — I have sent you by this gentleman, 
M''. Hogg, a Bond for yo^ hundred and thirty -two pound, 
and a Note for some money whiche you layd out about the 
Chappell. I have sent you alsoe a counterbond for your 
security for the Mosquetes'all wehe are pfitted, and w^i^e you 
will receive from him. I have written alsoe to my Lord 
Chancellor, that, in regard of our troubles heere weh disable 
us for soe speedy payme* as the Bond imports, I may have 
a longer time upon consideration for the forbearance. I 
heard, by Tweedie, that some foolish lying reporte of my 
death put you and my sister and yo^" family in great anguish. 
Though, I thank God, I be readie for death at all times, yet 
I do not love to have my friends put in greife with lying 
reports, w^'' some well affected to us are ready to broach 
without any ground. I heare Rob*. Ross was a speciall ven- 
ter of it there, as a thing certaine, and certainly receaved 
from his man and his sonne heere, who hath been upon 
some practices to draw in S^' James Montgomerie upon my 
lands with his Regiment, and to trouble the rest of the 
people, and hath been very slow to pay me my rent weii is 
very needful in this time, but were not slow to give toothers 
gratis. I desired a curtesie at Robert Rosse, w^ii I well 
deserved, and weii he to avoid raised up the lye. He might 
have refused it in a fairer fashon. It is like enough his 
sonnes will have cause to repent their ill carriage to me ; 
for himselfe, I will say nothing, but that I merited better at 
his hands. I shall not need to write anything of our estate 
heere, knowing that this bearer and your Sonne's letters 
will ease me in all that. To which for the present I must 
refer you. Yor sonne James is a Captaine of my Regem*, 
and, in truth, deservedly, both for valor and understanding. 
He hath chosen all his officers ot his owne name. My 
Regm' is like to be drawne out into the ffeilde shortly, and 
will req^uire collors for the several captains, w^ii must be as 
other collors are, of red and white. I pray you send me 
ifortie ells of Taffata sarsenet, such as will not run and scat- 
ter in the threads for thinness, nor will not fret by stiffness. 
Four ells of it should be altogither white; and the other six 
and thirty, the one halfe of it white, and the other halfe red. 
Let it be handsomly wrapt up and deliveredto Rob^.Tweedie's 
boy to bring unto me, unless you find a surer carryer, or 
that Rob'. Tweedie's brother-in-lawe send over a man. The 
barque with the armes touched upon the shore, and by 
contrary winds was driven back againe. I pray God send 
her safe hither ; we wonderfully want her. Further I will 
not trouble you with at this present, but only to entreat my 
sister she will not be troubled with any foolish lyes she 
shall heare of my death, or of any disaster unto us ; for I 
thank God I never better brooked my health, and God hath 
been pleased to favour us with much successe against the 
Re bell. God Almightie have all you and us in keeping. 
— Yor verie loving Brother, " J. Claneboys. 

" KilUleagh, 12 Aprill, 1642." 


state and credit, having not only the common enemy, but also some encroaching and invidious 
neighbours to do "with. 

The follovriog curious particulars, respecting Belfast and 
its vicinity dui-ing this rehellion, are extracted from an 
extremely rare tract, entitled. — " A true relation of several 
Acts, Passages, done, imdertahen, &e., by Captain Robert 
1 Laioson, noio one of the Sheriffs of tJw City and County of 
Londonderry, upon and since the first beginning of the great 
and general Rebellion, in Ireland, die. Printed at Lortdon, 

"About the 16th of October, 1641, before any notice 
of an insurrection, having occasion to take a journey from 
Londonderry to Dublin, and to travel by way of Belfast, to 
the ii-on-works, within two miles thereof, wherein he had 
some stock and interest, he took his journey from thence 
to go to Dublin, upon the 21st of October following ; but, 
on ai-riving at Newry, and receiving information that the 
rebellion had broken out, he returned to Killyleagh,tothe 
Lord Hamilton's, and came in the night by Comber, through 
the Lord of Arde's county, about by Little Belfast, and came 
to Great Belfast, and up to the iron-works, near thereunto, 
about three of the clock in the morning, where his wife was 
then resident; and, having sent several messengers before, 
to enquire after him, they were taken and robbed. But 
Captain Lawson, not having rested there above two hours, 
arose, calling the horsemen with Mm ; and, in the morning, 
being Monday, went down back again to Great Belfast, where 
they found most of the inhabitants fled and flying, and 
carrying away their goods to Carrickfergus, and the old 
Lord Chichester shipped aboard in a ship. So Captain 
Lawson went throughout the town , and blamed them for oifer- 
ing to leave the town, and intreated for some arms, either 
by buying or lending, but could not prevail. At last he 
found at Master Lesquire's house seven muskets and eight 
halberts ready in the street to be shipped to Carrickfergus; 
which arms he took, and bought a drum, and, beating the 
same through the town, raised about twenty men, who came 
with him again up to the Iroa-works, having Mr. Forbus 
and some number joined with Captain Lawson, where, also, 
in all, he gathered in all about 1(30 horse and foot, who, 
about two of the clock, upon the same Monday in the after- 
noon, being the 21st of October, the second day after the 
rebellion, marched into Lisnagarvi, and there entered the 
town about four of the o'clock of same day ; all the people 
with the troop there engarisoned, having left the town to 
the enemy's mercy the Sunday before, and they quartered 
all that night in the house the Bishop of Down lived in, 
and put many candles in the market-house, and sentries out 
in every quarter of the town, making show of six or seven 
lighted matches for every piece to astonish the enemy, 
who came to the sentries that night, intending to 
have burned the town ; but our show and carriage was more 
than our force, the enemy being strong and many in num- 
ber, by which means they were affrighted and beat off 
that night ; and the next morning, being Tuesday, the 
enemy appeared above the town's end, and drove before them 
about 400 cows ; whereupon, Captaiu Lawson, with 45 

' horses, issued forth, leaving the rest to guard the town, 
and it pleased God, by their good labour and industry, they 
took the prey of cows and some prisoners, and killing others 
of the enemy ; and got seventeen of their mantles. After 
sending the prey into the town, they adventured three miles 
farther, and brought in before night as many more cows, 
and kept them within the bavra wall of the bishop's house, 
and all the next night secured the town also. Sir Conn 

! Magennis threatening he would burn the town that night. 

' But it pleased God they were prevented and beaten off, 
and the town kept iji safety ; and often issued forth amongst 
the enemy, to prevent their gathering to a great head, until 
at length, upon the next day, being Wednesday, the troop 
and townsmen came in again to the town ; hearing and 
understanding what service Captain Lawson and his small 
company of men had done there, in securing the same, the 
preservation whereof, under God, was a means of the safety 
not only of Lisnagarvi and Belfast, but of most of those 
parts thereabout, being the first that opposed the enemy in 
in those parts. At night came the Lord Arde's forces, and 
the Lord Hamilton, Sir Arthur Tiringham, Captain Chi- 
chester, Sir Thomas Lucas, and Sir James Montgomery, 
and Mr. Arthur Hill, with their forces, wh'o gave Captain 
Lawson and his men great thanks for their good care and 
service in the tovra, and oS'ered him a commission, which 
he was very unwilling to accept of, in regard of his calling, 
being a merchant, but which he at length accepted. So 
there being come up to Lisnagarvi, about 1,500 horse and 
foot, himself, his men, and company, had their orders by 
their commission, and quarters about the iron-works, in 
the barony of Belfast, and tlien left with the army about 
400 cows, and only brought with him from thence about 
60 cows for his own company." — Lawson's " Trice Rela- 
tion," &c. 

" On the 23d of October, 1641, and within a few days 
after, the Irish rebels made slaughter of all men, women, 
and children which they could lay hands on, within the 
County of Antrim, that were Protestants, bui-ning their 
houses and corn; and such as escaped their fury took 
sanctuary in the towns of Carrickfergus, Belfast, Lisnegar- 
vey, Antrim and Larne, and the two houses of Temple- 
patrick and Edindoughcarrick ; all the said towns and 
houses lying near the one to the other. The rebels had 
the command of all the rest of the country, and within 
musket-shot of the towns, and up to the very walls of the 
two houses, until the middle of June, 1642." — State of 
County Antrim in 1641-2, Rawdon Papers, pp. 91-2. 

" While the Protestants in the County of Antrim were 
thus occupied in providing for their security, their breth- 
ren in the County of Down were not inactive. The Lords 
Claneboy and Ards, — the former resident at his castle in 
Killileagh, which the rebels had attempted to surprise, but 
without success, and the latter at Newtownards, — stood 
upon the defensive, and effectually checked the progress 
of the insurrection in the adjoining districts." — 1 Reid's 
Pres. Hist., 319. 



[Copy of Sir James Hamilton's Will, referred to at page 42, ante.1 

16 Ltffmher, 1616.— In the name of the Lord Jesus, I, S'. James Hamiltone, of Bangor, in the Countie of Down, 
in Ireland, Knight, being of perfect memorie at the making hereof, doe commit my soul to the Lord Jesus, the Re- 
deemer thereof, and my body (if it can be convenientlie don) to be buried in the new-built chapell at the church of 
Bangor, aforesaid. 

Imprimis— I do appoint my wif, Jean Hamilton, alias Phillips, and my faithful! friends, the Eight Noble Lord 
James and now Erie of Abercom, and S^. James Fullerton, Knight, to be my executors of this my last will and 

Item. — I doe leave and give the breeding and keeping of my son, James Hamilton, unto his mother, the said Jean 
during the tyme of his tender aige, and so long as he shall not be fitt to be sent abroad to schooling. But so soon 
as convenientlie, and without danger of his health, he may be sent abroad, I do appoint him to be disposed of to his 
learning and breeding, in such sort, place, and fashion as the said Jean, the said Erie, and the said Sir James Fuller- 
ton, or the surnvor of them, shall think fitt, with a speciaU regard that he be under the tuition and goverance of a 
dyBcrect, learned, and honest man, dm-ing the time of his schooling ; and that he be bred to all pietie and virtue, and 
be chicflie in the keeping of the said Jean, so long as he shall remain unmarried. But with this provysion, that, if the 
said Jean shall marie, and that the said Erie and the said Sir James Fullerton shall fynd that husband whom she shall 
have married not to be carefall of the childe's breeding, as aforesaid, or to use him wrongfulHe, or to take any disposing 
or interest in him without their direction or advyse first had, or the direction or advyse of the survivor of them, and 
of the mother, or that ther be cause of fear that he will seduse or drawe the childe to any hurt of his estate, or to any 
unfitting match, or to any match at all, without the assent or privitie of the said Erl, or the said S"^. James, or the 
survivor of them, then it is my pleasure that the said Erie and the said S'\ James, or the sui-vivor of them, shall take 
the childe, my said sone James Hamilton, and dispose of him for his learning and breediag, as they, or the survivor of 
them, shall fjnd best for the chdd's good.— And the Lord that hath been ever my God, be the like God to him and his. 

And whereas I have made a feoffment of my lands in the Countie of Down, in trust to sundrie persons to the use of 
me, my heirs, and assigns, dissoluble at my pleasure, upon the payment of twelve pence stg., to any person whatsoever, 
to »he use of the said fcotfos, as by the said fcoifmeut, inrollcd in the Chancery of Ireland, may appear, which feoffment 
is chiefly to this extent, that I might be enabled to pay my debts, and that my yearly profitts and rents of my lands in 
money and provisions of com, beeves, muttons, and such lyk, ar at the lowest rate now in certain about two thousand 
pounds stg. a year, besydes all casualties of mills, I' nes, forfitures, amerciaments, herriots, releeves, and besydes many 
of my lands which are not yet lett, and besydes other lands which are lett for very few yeares, and which comeing into 
my hands may be lett for far greater rates, with the benefitt also of the tenant ; and besydes all my demesnes at 
Bangor, and KillUeagh, and Ringhadie ; and besydes the lands now got from Con, and to be had from S>-. Hugh 
Montgomery, I do therefore appoint, that the rcntaU books, which I have, be viewed, and that my brother, WilUam 
Uamiltouc, and my officers, or such others as my executors shaU find best able, give up a rentall book of my rents as 
now they ar (for that they are encreased since the making of the rentaU book which I had for this year, 1616, and do 


daylie increase) to my said executors ; and that they, my executors, with my said rents and profitts, deducting and allowing 
to my wif and child fouer hundreth pounds yearly for ther mantenance, dureing the tyme that the debts ar a papng, 
(together with the houses, demesnes, and stock of Bangor, Ringhadie, and Killeleagh) do pay all my debts, of which I 
have, so neir as I can remember, left herewith a doquet or catalog, and if they shall fynd any other justlie due, that 
they be lykewise honestly paid, and every man trulie satisfied and conscionable. And, my debts being payed, I do give 
to the said Erie and S''. James, equally between them, one thousand pounds of the two years' rent which shall next 
ensue after the payment of my said debts. And if the said Erie and the said S^. James shall think fitt to take up so 
much money as to pay the most urgent of my debts, and such as they see greatest need of, that money so taken up by 
them may rest unsatisfied for the principall, until the other debts be paid out of the yearly growing rents, and that 
then that money be also payed and satisfied to them of whom the said Erie or the said S"". James have so taken it up, 
together with the consideration, if any have not been payed, or omitted to be payed, in any of the yeares from the 
taking up of it. Then, my debts being so payed, I do give to the said Erie and 8=^. James FuUerton, equally between 
them, besydes the above mentioned £1,000, fouer hundi-eth pounds more, making to every of them seven hundreth 
pounds in all, in respect of my love to them, and of their chardge and paines for payment of my debts and preservation 
of my estate to my child, and furtherance, and help, and oversight, of my wife and child. And this fourteen hundreth 
pounds to be taken so much as can conveniently (allowance being made to my wif and child of fouer hundreth pounds 
as aforesaid yearly) be had out of the first two or three yeares' rent that shall next ensue after the payment of my 
debts, and what shall remain unsatisfied in these two or three years to be taken out of the next year thereafter. And, 
for all the remaine of the rents and profitts that shall grow due over and above the satisfaction of such debts and 
sumes of money, and as shall come and arise out of my lands and other things yearlie, I leave and appoint it to be 
disposed in this forme, until my said sone, James Hamiltone, the sone of Jean PhUips aforesaid, be of twenty yeares of 
age, if it please God that he live so long ; that my wif Jean Hamiltone, alias Philips, have yearlie four hundreth 
pounds stg., during her natural liflF ; and, so long as she sfiall remane unmarried, that she shall have the use and 
keeping of all my houses, and of the demeanes of them, viz., of Bangor, Ringhadie, and of Killileagh, and also the 
taking up and receaving of all the rents, profitts, and casualties of my lands and other things ; but, so as every yeare, 
once, it be made apparent to my other two executors, or to two of my brothers, how much it is that she hath taken up 
over and above the said fouer hundreth pounds ; and that the same be made apparent to my other two executors, or 
to two of my brothers, Archibald, John, and William H^uniltones, and that the same be disposed a convenient part to 
the mantenance and breeding of my said sone. And, if it please God that my said wif be now conceaved with any 
child or children, one third part yearly thereof, during the said tyme, until my said sone be of twentie years of age as 
aforesaid, (from the tyme of the payment of my debts and of the sumes of money devised by me hereby, to the Erie of 
Abercorn and S''. James FuUerton) to be put apart of the said whole profitts and rents for the said child that she shall 
be conceaved with, or for more children if she shall fall out to be couceaved with more, until the sum of two thousand 
pounds sterling a piece be made up for eveiy of them, and put upon good assurance for their behoof, or three thousand 
pounds if there be but one child which she shall be conceaved with ; the same to be paid to them, and every of them, 
being sones, when they shall be sixteen years of age, or put to their best behoof, by the advise of their mother and of 
my executors, or brothers aforesaid ; and, being a daughter or daughters, to be payed as aforesaid, £2.000 to every 
daughter, or £3,000 if there be but one daughter, to be payed to them respectivelie within ten days next after their 
marriage, to any such man as by the advise and consent of their mother, and of my executors or said brothers, or any 
one of them, with the mother, if there be so many alive, they shall marry unto, not being of the children or posteritie 
of Sir Hugh Montgomery, of Newton, knight.* And if they shall marry with any of the posteritie of Sir Hugh Mont- 

a In the foregomg MSS., at page 30, it is stated that have aceoimted for the bitter feeling here expressed to- 

" he had several tedious and chargeable law-suits with his wards Sir Hugh Montgomery ; hut as the particulars of 

neighbour, my Lord of Ards, about * of land and other these diflfereuces, and of their subsequent reconciliation, are 

trifles, wherein pride and incendiaries occasion great ex- so minutely given in the Montgomery MSS., the entire 

pense ol money and peace," which might in some measure passage has been extracted at pp. 23 to 25, ante ; and, in 


^men- or without the consent and good Uking of their mother, then I do appoint their portions to revert to the^ 
brothtT mv son, or mv next heir, and they to receave such portion as he shaU think meet. And I do desyre my wif, 
« also mv said sone, o"r sones and daughters, if my wif fall out to be now with child of any sone or daughter, that, 
up-ju my blessing they, nor none of them, match nor marie not with any sone nor daughter of the house or postentie 
of Sir Hugh Montgomerie, now of Newton, knight. And for the remaine of the revenues or profitts of my leiving, 
which shaU be over and above my wife's said portione during her widowhood, and the maintenance of my sone, and 
such portion as is now set downe for my other children, if any I have, or in case I have no other children but my said 
.son, I do appoint all the said remaine to be put by my wif during her widowhood, or my son's nonage, to his best bene- 
titt,' and purchase of lands and good breeding, by the advyse of my executors, or of my brothers, or two of them ; and 
to give to every of my nephews— I mean to Gawen's three sons, Archibald, James, and Dick, or Eichard, viz., to 
Archibald, so much as ^vith a portion out of my part of the tithes, will mak him up twentie pounds a year ; and to 
James, his brother, so much more ; and to Richard so long as he is in the Grammar School, ten pounds a year, and 
during his tyme of being in the colledge twentie marks a year ; also, to William, his son James, £10 a year during his 
being in the Grammar School, and, during his being in the colledge, twenty marks a year ; and Robin "Wallace, £10 a 
year, until he leave and passe his course in the colledge ; and to Patrick, my brother's son, James, £20 a year; all 
these last sumes to be taken out of my part of the tithes, or out of the two partes of the tithes called the parsonag; and 
to be continued unto them until they shall be provyded of some meanes of living ; and if the tythes shal fall short by 
:iny casuahtie, means, or occasion, then that there some payment be holpen out of my temporalities, if it can not be had 
out of the tithes. And if my said wif shall marie again, then I do appoint the taking up of all the rents and profitts 
to be by some of my brothers whom my said \vife and executors shall choose during the tyme thereafter, untill my sone 
shall be twenty yeares of aig, to be accountable to my wif and executors for the same, until my sone be of aig ; and, 
from thenceforth, I do appoint to my said wif, during her naturall liff, fouer hundreth pounds a year, yearly ; and 
further, if she shall match with the advyse and good liking of my brothers, or executors, or most part of them, I ap- 
point to her during her lif, the choise of Ringhadie, or Killeleagh house and demesnes. 

Item — for the Tithes or Spiritualities, I appoint that the vicarag, or third part be severed off from the parsonag or 
two parta, and that the vicar have the same third part for his mantenance to serve the cure at the severall parishes 
of Balkhalbort, Bangor, Holiwood, Dundonnell, and Killeleagh ; and if every of the severall vicars shall not by that 
vicarag have £20 stg. yearlie, bcsydes ten or twelve acres of gleb land, I do appoint that, out of my two partes or par- 
sonag, they be severally made up £20 by the year, besydes the said twelve acres of gleb land, to every church or 
vicar ; provj'ded, that such of the severall vicars as shall not take this £20 stg. and 12 acres of gleb land in full satis- 
faction of his stipend, surceasing all other claims and demands, then he to be left to take the benefitt of his own third 
part, and not to have any part of the parsonag nor gleb land, which uow for their help I do allow out of my own 
leiving to them. And, for such profitts as shall be made of my two partes or parsonag, I do appoint the schoolmasters 
to be mantayned as now I have appointed them — one at Ball ehalbert (and at Whitchurch or Ennisharo-ie at the 
choyce of my wif, a schoolmaster), one at Bangor, one at HoUiwood, one at the foord of Belfast, •> one at Dundonnell 

addition to this, at p. 109, of the Mont. MSS., the Lord late been the subject of controversy, especially in the Ions 

Claneboy ig nain..d as being in the procession, at the fune- litigated ejectment, at suit of the Marquis of Donecall 

ralofthefarst Viscoaut iMotit<;omery, in 163« ; and, from against Lord Teniplemore, it is plain that in the year 

the following passage at p. 113, it appears that he was one of 1616, it was as well known as any of the other places named 

the chief mourners :— " Then walked the Viscount Clane- in the above clause of Sir James Hamilton's will The old 

boy and the Earl of Eglinton together ; the Lord Alexander bridge of Belfast, commonly called the " Lon« Rridcre " 

and the Lord Montgomery together , John McDowal, of had not then been built; and Harris, in his ^History of 

V^ ^a' c'"^u'n "'"S.'*^ "^''li''' ','"''^- St-Lawrence, County Down, says :-" The foundation of it was laid about 

E«i., and Sir W ilham Stewart, Knight Bart., and Privy the year 1682, and it was not completely finished until the 

LonDsellor, ui one rank. All these, as chief mourners, Eevolution ; soon after which, in spring, 1692 seven of the 

VZ^!\Z w»'." J "''"'■ ?{ "'*'''■ ?.^'! ^"^'^"ts, ap- arches fell in, the hridge having been weakened by Duke 

pomU= to wait upon them, and b« near their persons." Schomberg's drawing his heavy cannon over it some time 

b Although the situaUon of the ford of Bellast has of before, as well as by a ship driving against t fiTt it w^s 


and one at KiUeleagli, and fyve pounds a year to be given to every of ttem, out of the said parsonag tithes, besydes 
such monies as they shall have from the scholers for their teaching ; and, for that I give this specially for a regard of 
learning, and of the poorer sort, therefore a regard to be had of them that their stipends be easie. Andfor the 

soon after repaired by a new charge on the two counties, 
and continued ever since in tolerable good order, till of 
late, having received consfderable damage from winter 
storms and floods ; and, if proper care be not in time taken, 
it may probably suffer more. Before it was built, the 
nearest bridge travellers had to pass from one county to 
the other was Shaw's Bridge, upwards of three miles south 
of Belfast, which was formerly small, but now [1744] con- 
sists of six arches. Yet a communication was maintained 
here over the Lagan by a ferry, where this bridge now 
stands; which ferry probably gave name to the town. — 
Beal signifies a mouth, and Farshady, a ferry, i.e., Belfast, 
or the mouth of the ferry." — Harris, 129. Dr. Beeves, 
however, proves that HaiTis was inaccurate in this defini- 
tion ; that its proper meaning was the mouth of the ford ; 
and, that the word Fcarsad is of frequent occurrence in 
Irish writings, in the sense of the crossing of a river at its 
mouth, or rear an estuary. He says : — " The name of 

J Belfast, or Bealfarst, as it is found in some old documents, 
is compounded of the two words Bel, a mouth, and Feirste, 
or Feirsde, the plural of Fearsat, or Fearsad, which, ac- 
cording to O'Brien and O'Reilly, signifies ' a pool of water 
remaining on the strand at low tide ;' and, in a secondary 
sense, seems to correspond to the Latin Vadum, and the 
Saxon Ford. Saint George's Church, in Belfast, occupies 
\ the site of an earlier religious edifice, which is represent- 
i ed in an old map of the town, preserved in the Library of 
Lambeth. Near this was oue of the fords by which the 
Lagan was commonly crossed, which, being the lowest 
down on the river, and therefore the most convenient for 
the inhabitants of either side of Belfast Lough, was called 
I'par excellence,' tJie Ford. William de Burgo, Earl of 
' Ulster, who was assassinated at this spot, June 6th, 1333, 
; held, at the time of his death, ' apud le Ford, manerium in 
: quo est unum castram prostratum per guerram Johannis 
de Logan.'— (Inquis. P.M. 7 Ed. III., 39, Tur. Lond.) 
Another ford lay higher up on the river, at Stranmillis." 
— Beeves' Ec. An., p. 7, note q. Again, in his description 
of the parish of Shankhill, Dr. Reeves says : — " Belfast is 
called Beal-Feirste, by the Four Masters, at the years 1476, 
1489, 1503, 1512, 1537, and 1552, where it is mentioned in 
connexion with its castle. Among the English settlers it 
was called Belferside, or Bealfarst. This name had refer- 
€nce, as has been already observed, to ih.e fearsat, or ford, 
by which the Lagan was usually crossed at this place. The 
old map of Belfast, preserved in the MS. collection of 
Lambeth Library, as well as the plan of the town, con- 
structed about the year 1660, represents an extensive ford, 
reaching in the direction of the present Corn Market, and 
communicating with the enclosure of the castle." — Beeves, 
p. 183. In p. 249 of the 3d vol. of the Ulster Archaologi- 
cal Journal will be found a copy of the pkn referred to, 
which was originally published in a translation of Rapin's 
England, but has been subsequently copied into Benn's 
History of Belfast, published in 1823. Dr. O'Donovan, 
the distinguished Irish scholar, has given it as his opinion 
that "Belfast" is derived from two Irish words signifying 

" mouth of the ford ;" he says that Fersad means a bank 
of sea sand, or gravel, washed down by some river and mut 
by the tide, forming what is called a "'bar;" that he knows 
of several Fersads in Ireland, as Ferswl-more, at the mouth 
of the River Swilly, in Donegal ; Fersad, on the river 
Sligo, near its mouth; the Fersad on the Ballysodare 
river, in the county Sligo ; and Fersad Tresi, at Rathferan 
Bay, barony of Tyrawley, county Mayo. All these Fersads 
are natural gravel and sea sand banks, and are still well 
known to the people, and are crossed habitually. The 
country people still use the phrase—" to get the Fersad," 
meaning to get to the bank at that state of the tide which 
will enable them to cross. The Fersad at Belfast was a 
natural ford, not an artificial one, and was opposite the 
castle, which was evidently built to command it ; it was 
always usual to have a castle at a ford to command and watch 
it. The following early notices of the Ford andCastle of Bel- 
fast are strongly confirmatory of Dr. O'Donovan's opinion : — 
In the year 667, this ford is thus mentioned, in the Annals of 
Ulster, as the scene of an encounter between the inhabit- 
ants of the district on either side : — " The battle of the 
Ford, between the Ulidians and Picts, where fell Catnsach, 
son of Lurgein." In 1262 the following entry Is made on 
the Pipe Roll of 46 Henry III. of record in the Exchequer 
Ofiice, Dublin : — " Richard of Exeter accounts for £254 7s 
6d, for many debts, &c.; £30 granted by the King's son, Ed- 
ward, to him for the custody of the Castle Cracfergus; £20 for 
the custody of the Castle of Antrim ; £ for the Castle Del 
Rath ; £10, which Edward, the King's son, granted to him 
for the custody of the Castle of the Ford ; and £10 for the 
custody of Greencastle." " The name appears in the Tax- 
ation in the Latin form Vculum ; and again, in 1333, as a 
place where the castle of the Earl of Ulster stood, and 
where William de Burgo was assassinated." — Beeves, p. 184. 
" A.D. 1503, The Earl of Kildare, having gone to Eng- 
land, returned triumphantly, and brought his son with him 
who had been imprisoned there by the King of England ; 
and the same earl marched with a force of the English and 
Irish of Leinster into Moylenny (in Antrim), and to 
Carrickfergus, demolished the Castle of Belfast, and appo- 
pointed the son of Santalach (probably Sainthill) constable 
of Carrickfergus." — Annals of the Four Masters, translated 
hy Connellan, p. 349.—" A.D. 1512, Gerald, Earl of 
Kildare, Lord Justice of Ireland, marched with a force 
into Trian Congail (in Down and Antrim) ; took the Castle 
of Belfast; demolished the Castle of Mac Eoin (Mac Jolm) 
of Glinns (in Antrim) ; plundered the Glinns and a great 
portion of the country, and carried with him, as prisoner, 
the son of Niall, son of Con (O'Neill)."— /iz(/., p. 370.— 
A letter from the Earl of Kildare to Henry VIII., dated 
in 1523, contains the following passage : — " For the which 
rescowes I brake a castell of his, called Belfast, and burned 
24 myle of his countrie, and took and burned two other 
piles that Scotts kept there." — State Bapers of Hen. VIII., 
vol. 2, p. 100. Lord Chancellor Cusack thus writes to the 
Duke of Northumberland, on the 8th of May, 1552 :— " The 
same Hughe (McNeile Oge) hath two castles; one called 


remaine of all the parsona? tithes, I do appoint, as formerly I hare set down, for the maintenance of my nephewes; 
Archibald, and James, the sons of Gawen, twentie pounds a peece a year ; to the aforesaid Richard, as above is set 
down for him; and also to James my brother, WiUiam hie son, as is above sett down for him; and the lyk to 
Patrick his sone as is above sett downe for him; and to Robin WaUace, flO a year for six years to come; 

Btalfarst, an oulde castle standiiifr upon a fourde that 
leadeth from Arde to Clanneboye, which being well repayred, 
being now broken, would be a good defence betwixt the 
woods and Knockfergus; the other called Castlerioughe, 
&c:'—lfarl. MSS., Brit. Mus., No. 35, fol. 188 v.— 194 v. 
lloHwisheds Chronicle states, that, " in 1545, the Earl of 
Ormond marched with bis soldiers from Carrickfergus to 
Belfast, which is an arm of the sea about a quarter of a mile 
broad and little less, and there waded over on foot." Sir 
Henry Sidney, writing in 1575, states " the Olandeboy to 
be utterly dismhabited ;" and adds, " at the passage of the 
water at Belfast, by reason of the tide's extraordinary re- 
turn, our horses swam, and the footmen waded very deep." 
Father Edmund McCana, in his Irish Itinerary, supposed 
by Dr Keeves to have been written shortly after 164.3, in 
describing Lower Clandeboy, says : — " The lake of the Calf, 
or iMch Laodii, in Irish, flows between and bounds either 
Clandeboy, tbe head of which, when the tide is out, may be 
crossed on foot by a ford which is called Beall-fearst, 
Beside it lormerly stood the castle of tbe lords of these 
territories, in the navel, as it were, and central point of the 
two regions Previonsly to the present war, that old castle 
was repaired by Lord Chichester, an Englishman, who 
made it his own residence. The town which is built there 
is no mean one, accessible to the inhabitants of either dis- 
trict, as well as of Scotland. From the ford of which I 
have just spoken it takes the name of Beall-fearst, where tbe 
river empties itself, which is called the river of the Laggan, 
or of the Valley, yielding a plentiful supply of salmon, and 
dividing in its course the two regions of Clandeboy, on the 
north and south." — Ulster Arch. Joimial, vol. 2, pp. 57-8. 
The following interesting note on the Ford of Belfast was 
written (May 31, 1847), by the late Mr. BeiTvick, author of 
Historical Collections relative to the Toivn of Belfast:— " As 
it is styled the ford of Belfast, it must have been at or 
very near the town, and not a mile or two up the river. 
In fixing the position of it, we must take the river at low 
viiter, for it could not have been fordable at high water. 
The low-water mark is, in all probability, the same now as 
it was in 1605, or nearly the same, and is now marked by 
the line of quays and embankments to the Lagan Bridge. 
It has not varied in my recollection (say, since 1797) ; the 
slob, as I observed before the Queen's" Quay was formed, 
seenw-'d much more elevated than 50 years before, but the 
line of the low-water has never appeared to me to vai^. 
On account of the depth of water at low tide, the river 
conld not have been lordable opposite the town, or nearer, 
I should think, than the ' Gooseberry Comer.' A fordable 
place, however, may have existed at the site of the old 
I Long Bridge.' It might have been shallow there, and 
'Ann Street' migKt seem to have been the thoroughfare 
leadmg to it. To this objection I reply, that if a ford had 
existed at the end of Ann Street, public-houses. &c., must 
hHve been bnilt there for the convenience of passengers. 
l.ut, <m the c.i.ti.-iry. even in th.: Lambeth Map, which 
was burveyed lor before the castle was destroyed in 1708, 

not a house or building of any kind is marked ; and Ann 
Street at that time seems not to have extended, if I recol- 
lect ewll, farther than Forest Lane. In truth, Ann Street 
would seem not to have been completed to the Bridge until 
the reign of Queen Ann, for from her it most probably 
takes its name, and so Prince's Street from her husband, 
the Prince of Denmark, and Marlborough Street from the 
Duke. The town, therefore, did not extend even to the 
Long Bridge, till Hanover Quay was founded, after 1714. 
If a ford had existed at the end of Ann Street or Wariog 
Street, so important a point would have been strongly de- 
fended by a/br^ ; but no fort exists in any ancient map. 
By placing the ford at the spot now known as the Police 
Office, and extending across the river to the Gooseberry 
Comer, or near it, we have the authority of the map (sup- 
posed, and very probably too, to be) of the date of 1660 ; 
for it has a double line indicating a connexion between 
this spot and the opposite shore. The river in that map 
is represented at high-water , which tlien came up to near 
tbe east side of Joy Street: ' the very end of the Lowjh 
(says a traveller in 1635) touching upon Lord Chichester's 
garden and back-side.' (See my Hist. Col.,Tp. 11.) Con- 
sequently, no bank or sea-wall which is represented in the 
map of 1791 (and which I well recollect), could then have 
existed. It must have been a much later erection, since 
the Long Bridge was built, and for the purpose of keeping 
the sea from flooding the grounds to the West of it, up to 
the town-wall and the back of the gardens. This long 
bank, therefore, is of no material consequence in the pre- 
sent question. It may be objected, that if there was no fort 
to protect the landing-place at the end of Ann Street, so 
neither do we find any at the point which I have chosen, 
namely, the site of the present Police Ofiice ; but it is 
easy to show, fi'om a comparison of the present map of the 
town with that of 1660, when its ramparts were perfect, 
that one of the d-emi-bastions stood upon, or near, the site 
of the present Theatre, which commanded the landing- 
place of the ford, at or near tbe Police Office, and the 
street leading to it from Com Market. At this demi-bas- 
tion the rampart seems to have terminated. The nearest 
bastion to it was situated at or near Mr. McDowell's house 
in Upper Arthm- Street, which was, of course, connected 
with the other bastion by the curtain of the rampai't, lined 
with cannon. The line of the sea-hanh, marked in the map 
of 1791, pointed to that part of the county Down far above 
the Lagan Foundry — too remote and improbable a place 
for a ford ; but the lines marking the supposed ford in the 
map of 1660 point to, or near to, the Lagan Foundry, 
which is a very sh(nt distance from the Gooseberry Cor- 
ner, from which proceeded the only road to Donaghadee, 
&c., prior to the formation of the 'New Road' (as it is 
sometimes still called) passing through Ballymacarrett. 
This conjecture is clearly confirmed by the testimony of 
an old acquaintance of mine, aged about seventy, who fre- 
quently heard his mother relating the dangers which were 
experienced by her ancestor^ in crossing the river at or 


and sometliing to be given to every of my ncphewes and neices at the discretion of my wif, wherein I wish 
some respect to be had of my brother Gawen's second daughter. Now, all the rest of the parsonag tithes I 
leave it whollie, whatsoever may be made of the said parsonag tithes belonging to me, to be employed to good- 

near the Gooseberry Comer, priortothebuiklLngof tlieLong 
Bridge — the plunging of the horses, &c." — Beriviclc MS. 

In reference to the schoolmaster- above directed to be 
maintained at the Ford of Belfast, an old woman named 
Jenny Boyd, who had resided all her life near " Watson's 
Comer," in Ballymacarrett, in the year 1848 informed Mr. 
Cranston, Lord Templemore's agent, that she recollected 
a vei-y old School-house, situated a little above Watson's 
Corner, on the old paved road, which was kept by a man 
called Hand ; that there were large stones outside the 
school-house on which the children used to sit; and that 
the school-house was taken down upwards of fifty years ago, 
when a Mr. Telfair got a lease of the ground on which it 
was built. And, in a book of suiTey of lands belonging to 
the Eight Honourable the Lord Viscount Clandeboye, by 
Thomas Raven, in 1625-6, there is a map of the townland 
of Ballymacarrett, •upon which a building is marked cor- 
responding exactly with the situation of, and which, from 
its appearauce, there can be little doubt is, the original 
school-house refenred to in Lord Clandeboye's will. 

The following passages in the judgment of the Court of 
Queen's Bench, delivered by Mr. Justice Crampton in the 
case of Donegall v. Temjjlemore, in 1848, which is reported 
in the I'ith vol. of the Jrish Law Beports, p. 191, have re- 
ference to the old Ford of Belfast : — " The controversy 
between the parties was as to the point where the river 
Lagan terminated and the sea began. The plaintifi' con- 
tended that the river Lagan, and of course its bed and soil, 
extended down the Channel into the Lough of Belfast as 
far as Garmoyle, tbree or four miles below the Long 
Bridge, and where the water at high tides is six miles 
broad. The defendant contended that the river (to which 
the plaintiff must be deemed to be entitled) terminated at 
a ford some short distance higher up the stream than the 
Long Bridge was. That the terms, ' Eiver,' and ' Chan- 
nel' have in modern times been applied to the flowing 
water as far as Garmoyle was confessed, and, indeed, 
clearly proved. But the defendant contended that in 16P5 
and 1620,•^vhen the two rival patents were granted [to Sir 
James Htimilton and Sir Arthur Chichester], the teim 
' Eiver' was applied only to so much of the iiowirg water 
as was above the Long Bridge ; that in 1605 the river was 
supposed to terminate, and the sea to begin, at tlieoldjord, 
called the ' Ford or Passage of Belfast.' To establish this 
point, the delendant relied upon the patent of 1605, and 
on some parol evidence, to which I shall advert presently. 
The patent of 1605 describes the boundaries of Clandeboye 
and Ardes (in the first of which territories the townland of 
Ballymacarrett is situate) with great precision, making on 
one side the Bay of Knockfergus (now the Lough of Bel- 
fast), and the river Lagan to be its noted boundary ; and 
the river Lagan is made the boundary from the passage 
or ford of Belfast up the river for eight miles, until the 
Lagan joins another river called Garrycloth. It is plain, 
therefore, that, in 1605, the ford or passage of Belfast was 
a well-known place, and that, at that ford, what was then 
called the river Lagan terminated, and the lough or the 
bay began. No doubt in the lapse of time, since 1605, 

many changes may have been made in the river, and in 
its course and banks ; but, if we could now find that ford 
or passage, we should at once arrive at the decision of this 
case. Where is that passage now, or rather place ?— for 
the ford or passage of Belfast has altogether disappeared ; 
wherever it was, the bridge superseded it : what it was in 
1605, we may well assume it to have been in 1620. Now, 
the plaintiflf says the river and its bed and soil run all 
along to Garmoyle. The defendant says it [the ford] was 
above the Long Bridge, near the place called Watson's 
Comer. We must assume there was a passage or ford over 
the Lagan when these patents were granted. Where was 
it ? An old map might have thrown light on the subject, 
but there was none in evidence. If we compare the evi- 
dence of the plaintifi" as to this point with the evidence of 
the defendant, we must say that both are slight ; but, can 
we say that that on the plaintiff's part preponderates, so as 
to make this a verdict against evidence, or even against 
the weight of evidence ? The plaintiff''s evidence consists 
of the opinion of seafaring men, — that the river Lagan, or 
the channel of that river, goes down as far as Garmoyle, 
But, can it be believed that the ford of Belfast was there ? 
It is not even pretended that it was, and we must assume 
that the terminus in 1620 was at that ford of Belfast. * 
* * But still the inquiry is, what was held to be 
the termiims of the river in 1605 and 1620 ? Where was 
tlie ford or passage of Belfast ? The defendant's evidence 
consisted of parol evidence, showing that there is a place 
near Belfast called Gooseberry Corner, at which three 
leading roads met ; that these joined with one road leading 
directly to the river above the Long Bridge, to a place 
called W'atson's Corner, and that there the road termi- 
nated, and that a line over the river from that point led 
directly to the Castle of Belfast. This ford, wherever it 
was, must have been in use before the building of the 
bridge, and there setms to have been no entrance from the 
Down side of the river into Belfast, from the roads thus 
meeting at Watson's Corner, except by a passage some- 
where over or through the river. There was also evidence 
of pavement runniug across part of the river near Watson's 
Corner. This evidence was slight ; but it is impossible to 
say that there is not at the least as much evidence that the 
ford of Belfast was above the Long Bridge as there was that 
it was below it. I should rather say that the evidence for 
the defendant on that point was the stronger. This, then, 
was a jury question ; there was evidence for the jury on 
both sides, and they have on this, the fourth trial, found 
for the defendant. How can we, on the ground of the ver- 
dict being against evidence, find for the plaintiflf?" 

The judgment of the Court of Queen's Bench was accord- 
ingly given in favour of Lord Ttmplemore ; but. Lord 
Donegall being dissatisfied with it, brought a new ejectment 
in the Court of Exchequer, in which, a'ter several trials, 
judgment was also given for Lord Templemore, which was 
ccnfiimed by the Exchequer Chamber on a wTit of error 
having been brought into it by Lord Donegall, and the 
judgment of that court will be found reported in the 10th 
vol. of the Irish Common Laio Beports. Upon the trial of 


Ue and religious uses, for the sen-ice of God, manteyning of churches, breeding of scholers and preachers, and for 
the poor, and charitable works ; and, the lik use to be made of those pensions as they shall fall, which I have hereby 
appointed for my nephewes and others ; and I do appoint my sone and heires to take knowledg hereof, and of a 
wryting under my hand, concerning the religious imployment of my tithes, wherein the teiient of the land is not to be 
neglected, but used with favour in the pament of them. And, for my wif and executors, to the end that this may be 
the better don. I think fitt that tor a tyme they appoint certane collectors (wher the vicareges are endowed) of my two 
parts, leaving the vicar to his third part ; and wher the whoU tithes are myne own, as in Bangor, and such places, that 
the collectors do justlie take up all, aud, the vicar or server of the cure being payed, the rest be disposed of as I have 
here sett downe. 

I do appobt that my mother have the profitts of the towne of Portavoe during her lyf, yearly, sent to her in season, 
at two tymes in the year; and that John, my brother, be the receaver of it from my wif, and sender of it to her, and 
that if she do owe any debts at her death, the same be payed out of my rents or goods ; and, for other kyndnesses, I 
leave her to Jean, and to her grandchild, to send to her what Jean shall think that she wanteth.e 

And, whereas I have made and perfected some deeds to some of my tenents in the Ards, and received the counterparts 
of them, I will that those deeds be truelie kept, as my deed to John Maxwell ; but, whereas I made up other draughtes 
or formes of deeds, and signed and sealed them at Dublin, for sundrie other of my tenents of the Ards, as for William 
. Wallace. Edward Maxwell, Michael Craig, and others ; but for that the heads or minutes of our agreement, was not 
then at Dubhn, and that 1 was then going to sea, and therefore willing to leave some sorte of securitie to be perfected 

this ejectment in the Court of Exchequer, the following 
conclusive evidence was given as to the site of the old ford 
or passage of Belfast : — 

"John Frazer, C.E., who, being sworn, deposed, that he 
recollects the old Long Bridge of Belfast, and, when it was 
taken down, saw people there repeatedly crossing the stream 
between the two bridges (that is between the Long Bridge 
and Coates's Bridge), but not just so high up as Watson's 
Comer, nearorthe Long Bridge, and on the County Down 
side ; he himself waded across the river opposite May's 
Dock ; when the tide was coming in, it took him up to the 
thigh, and he found the ground firm in the bed of the 
rivtr ; that Watson's Comer is at the edge of the water at 
high-water mark ; that several very old paved roads come 
down from different parts of the County Down (which he 
has marked on the map produced and given in evidence), 
and meet at a point called Gooseben-y Coruer, and from 
thence a single old paved road leads direct to Watson's 
Comer, which is paved to the edge of the water, and 
takes a slight turn to the right down the stream, across which 
parties going to the Antrim side must have forded before the 
bridge was built, and it is still fordable here ; that he was 
Stmcyor for the County of Down when the new bridge was 
boilJing, and that the same was built partly under his su- 
perintendence ; that he made boruigs in the bed of the 
stream for the purpose of ascertaming the best site for the 
new bridge ; that the borings were made from the old 
Long Bridge as far down as opposite High Street ; that 
the bed of the river sea-w.ard of the old bridge was all soft 
sleech ; that he never attempted to ford the river below 
the bridge, because from the borings taken he knew it 
would be impossible; that the Counties of Anirim and 
Down wished to have the new bridge buUt opposite High 
btreet, if possible, but, from tlie soft nature of the soil be- 
low the bndge, this plan was abandoned as impracticable ; 
Uiat above the bridge the men employed came upon a solid 

" Francis Ritchie, who, being also sworn, deposed that 
he was the contractor who built tlie present Queen's Bridge ; 
it was on the exact site of the old Long Bridge ; that he 
also built Coates's or the Lagan Bridge ; that, about the 
year 1842, he was employed by the late Mr Alexander 
Montgomery to build a quay wall a little above the Long 
Bridge, and opposite May's Dock ; when building said 
wall, he came upon an artificial kind of causeway, made of 
very large stones, and about 25 feet broad at the top ; that 
about the same time witness was building a quay wall at 
May's Dock, exactly opposite the place where he found the 
causeway, or passage, on the Down side ; and, when build- 
ing said wall, he discovered another causeway exactly 
similar to the one found on the Down side, and also 25 feet 
broad at the top; that both said constructions ran as if 
across the river to meet each other ; and, when the Long 
Bridge was removed for the purpose of building the Queen's 
Bridge, the water above the bridge was lowered consider- 
ably, and exposed to view at low water a large maSs of stones 
in the river, and that he took away several ligliter loads of 
them; that, previous to building the Queen's Bridge, he 
had borings made above and below the Old Long Bridge, 
as far sea-ward as Ritchie's Dock ; that a bed of soft sleech 
commenced 20 or 30 yards above the bridae, and continued 
down the channel all the way he made the borings. About 
20 or 30 yards above the bridge, which is still fordable all 
the way, and whilst building the new bridge, saw great 
numbers of persons crossing at low water to avoid the toll 
bridge, which was then erectedbelow the Bridge ; recolleets 
before the road was made from Watson's Corner to the 
Long Bridge, and its site being covered by the tide at low 
water ; but does not recollect the making of any of the old 
paved roads leading to Watson's Corner and ending there. 
They were in existence long before he was born." — Beport 
of Trial in Bonegnll v. Templemore. 

•^ His motlier was at this date a widow, his father, the 
Rev. Hans Hamilton, having died on the 30th of May, 1608. 


to these tenants, and did therefore then deliver them all to my then steward, Francis Maynard, to he by him all of them 
delivered to my brother, William Hamiltone, by him to be exiimined severally, and being found agreeing with our 
minutes and coimterparts, being made up from the tenents respectively to me, then to be delivered by my said brother 
William to every of them so respectively as deeds, of which deeds and writiags the said William to receave a coimter- 
part from the tenents respectively for me, and so to be my deeds and not otherwise; now, in respect the said Francis 
Maynard, either out of want, indigence, or out of some other collateral respect, hath underhand sold several of 
those engrossed wrytings (contrarie to the direction given to him before sundrie persones at the deliverie of them to 
him, and contrarie to a letter of attorney, or a power sent by him the said Maynard from me to the said William under 
my hand), to several of the persones to whome they were to have been delivered in maner as aforesaid by my brother, 
and that neither examination hath been used by my brother, nor counterpart by him thereof receaved for me, nor 
deliverie made as was directed, and that therefor the same ar no deeds, and the tenents only deceaved thereby, I do there- 
for also appoint, that if they who have so bought such supposed deeds shall give up the same cheerfully and readilie, and 
do also confesse then- oversight in underhand buying of them so indirectly, then I do appoint that they shall have new 
deeds according to the minuts and agreements between us duly perfected, they satisfying all arreares of rent and other 
dueties due heretofore out cf the lands thereby entended to them ; or, if they shall refuse so .to do, and stand to take 
benefitt by the supposed deeds which they have so cantelouslie bought, I doe appoint, in respect the writings are not 
perfected, and that they have no estate in the land, that the lands which they seek of mjn by those deeds be entered 
upon and disposed of as lands yet to be lett, and that all ray tithes and the vicar's third part of tithes be taken of them, 
and all other advantages, profitts, and perquisits that is fallen due to me by any waves. And, for all other minutes 
which any of my tenents have under my hand Intending an agreement for lives or years, my will is that the same be 
perfected to them respectively, honestlie, and justlie, according to the purport of the minut which they have imder my 
hand; and, for such of my tenents as have no note or minuts off me, specially such as are of the poorer sort, and have 
long dwelt under me, I will that they be favourablie agreed withall, in such sort as I have agreed with other tenents of 
their qualitie. But, wlien I have given license to some men to dwell upon my land during pleasure, paying little or no 
rent for townes or lands of good value, such as are old James Odornan, Manus O'Hammell, and such, my will is, that 
they, careing themselves well, honestlie, and truely, shall ba permitted to dwell still so long as my wif and sone shall 
find them duetifdl servants to them ; but, upon either of their deathes or ill caring, that that land be taken in and dis- 
posed for the best advantag to Scottishmen or other such tenents. Owen Omulcreve his towne is requisit for seafaring 
men and fishers at Gilgroomes port^ and may be lett at a very good rate, but then the poor man should be elswher pro- 
vyded for with favour ; the lyk is also of Towl Og Ogilmore for his part of BallesaUagh, who is to be lykwise provyded 
for, and may be better in some other place, and these towaes with far greater advantag, and far better service to his 
Majestic, lett to Scottishmen. Thomas Kelso hath had during pleasure, from year to year, without any minut, a great 
towne of me for sundrie years past, and two quarters of land, besydes the two quarters which my brother William hath. 
He hath hitherto payed me only fo'oi- pounds. I would make no agreement with him, because I was still of purpose to 
tak it in, or a great part of it, to the plain es of Belfast. A great part of it may well be taken in, and can not be want- 
ing fi-om that town. The rest may either be lett to him for a reasonable rent and services of his facidtie, with condition 
to forfeit it if he does not perform the same faithfully, or otherwj'se he may be elswher provyded of some parcell of land 
and that land be lett for a very great rent."^ I do wish him to be more regarded for his wive and children's sake, who 

^ Now Groomsport. See, at p. 30, ante, reference to a 1624, the late Viscount Claneboye, deceased, had granted 

patent of 19 Jac. 1, which Sir James Hamilton had obtain- to Richard and Harry Whiteshead a lease of the Town- 

ed, making Bangor a sea-port, and the roads or creeks of land of Ballymacarrett, as it then was possest for 

Gillegroomes and Holywood, members of the port of twentie-one years, from All-Hallow-tide then next en- 

Bangor. suing, the said Viscount Claneboye thereby demised 

e By lease dated 15th Oct, 1644, from the Eight Honble. unto the said William Kelsoe, Jais executors and as- 

James second Viscount Claneboy, to William Kelsoe, mer- signs, the said towne of Ballymacarrett, with the appur- 

chant and burgess of Ayre, in the realm of Scotland, after teuaiices thereunto belonging (excepting and reserving 

reciting, that, by agreement beai'ing date the 3rd of April, thereout unto the said Viscount, his heirs and assigns, all 


arc honest and poor and mv kinsfolk, than for his self being given to too much forgetting of his duetie to himself and me. 
And that aU other lands be accordinglie disposed of for the uses aforesaid and for my sone's best benefitt. And whereas 
I hare "iven a minut to my brother Archibald of two townelands, Ballecrot and Ballescalle, it is my pleasure that he 
have an"'estate made to him of those lands according to the said minut ; and I do hereby confirm the tenor and pur- 
port of that note to him according to the true meaning of the same. And lykewise I do appoint to my brother John the 

and all manner of royalties, tithes, heryots, fines, amercia- 
ments, woods, underwoods, suits, services, customs, auchor- 
aees, fishincs, and fishery places, with the parcel of 
laud akeadv set off for the ferry, and held and eDJoyedwith 
the same, beinRlv estimation six acres, lordes-fisbes, and 
tithe-fishes, mills', mill-steads, mill-draughts, mill-ponds, 
waters, and water-courbtb, with two acres of land to the 
same, deductin},' therefor proportionahly of the rent as was 
answered out of the wliole premises, with full liberty of m- 
gross, egress, and regiess, into and from the premises, at 
all times and upon .ill occasions whatsoever). To hold the 
said Townland of Ballymacarrett (except as before ex- 
cepted) unto the said William Kelsoe, his executors, and 
administrators, and assigns, for '21 years, to begin from AU- 
saints, 1650, at the yearly rent or sum of £32, with six 
days' work of a man and hoi se. Upon this lease the follow- 
ing memorandum is endorsed : — " That before the signing, 
sealing, and delivery bereof, it is covenanted, concluded, 
tnd agreed, by and between the witbin-mentioned persons 
to these presents, that if it shall soe faU out that Richard 
Pierson (who hath a lease of the said townland for seven 
years, to and at All-saints, 1650), his executors adminis- 
trators, or assignes, shall quit the lease of the said land, 
and shall leave the same before the expiration thereof, 
that then the within specified 21 years thereof to the said 
William Kelsoe, his execntors, administrators. and assigns, 
shall be and begin, from and immediately after the next 
tearme day, either of May or All-saints, that he, the said 
Richard Pierson, shall soe give uj the said laud to the said 
Lord Viscount, his heirs and aNsif;ns, or remove them- 
selves therefrom. Signed, sealt d. and delivered, in the 
pieseuce of Hans Hamilton, Alexander Sloane, Isaiah 
Forest, Alexander Smith."— A lurtber lease, dated 16th 
Sept., 1669, from the Eight Hon"*- Heniy Earl of (Jlan- 
brassil to John Kelso, of Ballymacarrett, gent., witnessed 
that the said Earl, for and in consideration of the yearly 
rents duties, and services thereinafter expressed and re- 
served, and especially tor, and in consideration of, the sum 
of £300 sterling, current and lawful money of and in Eng- 
land, thereby set, and to farm let, unto the said John 
Kelso, the Townland of Ba.lvmacarett, lying and being 
witliin the Baiony of Castknagb and County of Down, 
aforesaid, with the appurtenances. (Excepting and always 
reserving out oJ the said demised premises, uuto the said 
Earl, his heirs or assigns, the mill of Oyn O'Cork, with six 
acres of land to the said mUl). To Hold the above town- 
land, with liberty of the feny-boat, with all the benefit and 
profit that could be had thereby, or that should grow due 
out of the same, togetlier with all the houses, meares, and 
marshes, of the said townland, as it was then meared and 
bounded, with their and every of their appurtenances, for 
and during the lull term, time, and space of three score and 
one years, to be and begin from the 1st of Nov. then next: 
Yielding and paying therefore, unto the said Earl, his 
heirs and ausigus, £12 sterling, yearly, during the first two 

years, to begin from the 1st of Nov. then next, and also 
paying yearly thereafter, during the said Earl detaining 
the said sum of £300 sterling in his or their hands, £25 
yearly, at May and All-saints ; and when the said £300 
should be repaid in one entire sum unto the said John 
Kelso, his heirs, executors, administrators, or assigns, 
then paying thereafter the sum of £55 yearly, at the 
terms "formerly mentioned ; and the said John Kelso did, 
thereby, amongst other things, covenant to do suit and ser- 
vice to the Courts Leet and Courts Baron of the said Earl, 
his heirs or assigns, to be held for the Manor of Hollywood, 
and to be ruled by the Steward of the said Courts for the 
time being. Upon this lease there is also endorsed the 
following memorandum : — 

" Before the signing and sealing of the within demise, I, 
the within-named Henry, Earl of Clanbrassil, do, for me, 
my heirs and assigns, during the years within mentioned, 
convey and make over to him, the said John Kelso, his exe- 
cutors and assigns, all the fishing that of right doth belong 
tome, and that formerly the tenants of Ballymacarrett were 
possessed of. — Signed, sealed, and delivered, in presence 
of John Swadlin, and William Richardson " 

A Fee-farm Grant of this date (21th July, 1672), from 
the Plight Honourable Henry, Eail of Clanbrassill, to 
Thomas Pottinger, of Belfast, in the County of Antrim, 
merchant, witnessed that the said Earl, in consideration of 
£300, sold, and confirmed, unto the said Thomas Pottinger, 
his heirs and assigns, for ever, the Townland of Ballyma- 
carrett, alias Balinacrett, in the Parish of Knock, in the 
Barony of Castlereagh and County of Down, and then in the 
tenure and occupation of John Kelso and Captain James 
M<=Gill, their undertenants and cottyers, together with all 
and singular the castles, &c. ; loughs, ponds, fishings, 
marshes, and waye of water, ferrie and feriy boats, and all and 
singular other profits, commodities, emoluments, immuni- 
ties, rents, reversions, remainders, appendances. rights, 
members, advantages, and appurtenances whatsoever, to 
the said townland, incident, belonging, or in any waye ap- 
pertaining, by what name or names soever the same be 
called or known, by or belonging to, or to the same usually 
had, occupied, enjoyed, or reputed, accepted, used, and 
known as part and parcel thereof; and also the come mill 
called by the name of Owen Corke Mill, situate neere or 
upon the premises ; together with the lands belonging to 
the said come mill then, in the possession of John Wilson, 
and his undertenants and cottyers ; tliat was to say, six 
acres of land, part of Ballymacarrett, aforesaid, and six 
acres of land, part of Ballyhackamore, together with the 
nett profits of toll or mulcture thereunto belonging, issuing 
and payable out of the townes and lands of Ballymacarrett, 
Ballyhackamore, Knocke, Ballyloghan, Strandtown, Bally- 
mather, and Ballymaser ; and also the fynes payable 
thereout by the tennants inhabitinge the said townslands, 
for not grinding their come and grayne at the said mill, 
according to the covenants therein exprest, and aU other 


lyke estate iu the towaes of Balle-Robert and Balle- Davie, and that 'Williain have such lands as I appointed to him 
according to the notes and niinuts which I gave to him. The lyke to "William Moore, my brother, for the note which 
he hath. And, for that my brother Archibald is in debt, I do appoint that when my debts and such sumcs of money 
as I have appointed to be paid by my executors are payed, that Archibald have at once, with the gratuities which my 
executors are to have, as is above sett down, a help towards the payment of his debts, which I do leave to the love of 
my wif, not being under two hundreth pounds. And if it fall out that all that be too heavie to be payed at once, 
that it be payed at times as my state may bear within two years. And I do ordane my wif and child to love and use 
well my brothers, and all honest and faithful servants, specially such as have been honest to me, and chiefly those of 
my name, and to deall well and kindlie with them, and to be advyscd by them as occasion shall affoord, and as they 
fynd them true and trustie. And I do lykwise ordain my brothers faithful ly to aid my wif and child, and to counsell 
and assist them, and all my servants and kinsfolks under me to do the lyk. And I pray for the encrease of all love 
and concord between them, and the blessings of God to dwell and settle for ever upon them and their generation. 

I leave Olive, Lettice, and Margaret Penicook to Jean ; the first two to have one hundred pounds a peece, to be 
payed as she may convenientlie, and Margaret to have twentie marks sterling a year well payed. 

Towards the payment of my debts there is to be receaved the rents due at Alhillowtyd last, and fyve hundreth 
pounds out of the lease of the plaine which I b night of Mr. Hope latelie, and of which I do wishe the overplus that 
shall be made over and above the said fyve hundreth pounds to be devydcd between Patrick Shaen, who is to have two- 
I thirds, and Owen and Anthonie M'Gohagan one third. 

Item — I do give my moveable goods between my son and my wif, if my said wif be not now conceaved with any 
other children ; and if she shall be found to be conceaved with any other child, I do leave all my said moveable goods 
between her and the children or child that she is conceaved with. 

I have made over the lease to John Kenedy, my servant, which I had from Mr. John Whyt, of the lands of Duffrin, 
and all that estate for years, which I did in trust for that I was to take the feefarme of the said Duffrin from the said 

incident profits and dtityes to the said mill belonginge: 
Yielding and paying yearly and every year, to the said Earl, 
his heirs and assigns, yearly for ever, the full sum of £30 
sterling. By an endorsement on the foregoing deed, recit- 
ing the lease and mortgage to John Kelso, of 1 6th Septem- 
ber, 1669, and fui-ther reciting that the whole interest of 
Kelso, to the lands, and to the said £300, was since legally 
come to James Magill, of Ballynesterragh, Esq., and 
that the same vras then wholly and absolutely in him ; and 
further reciting that the said Earl, by his deed bearing 
date the 4th day of July, 1672, did make over the reversion 
of the said lands, and the power of redeeming the same, to 
Pottinger. It was thereby witnessed that the said James 
Magill had received from the said Thomas Pottinger the 
said sum of £3''0, according to the said deed of lease ; and 
the said James Magill did thereby release, acquit, and dis- 
charge the said Thomas Pottinger, his heirs, executors, 
administrators, and assigns, of the said sum of £300, and 
every part thereof." 

The Townland of Ballymacarrett continued in possession 
of the Pottinger family till the year 1779, when they sold 
it to r arry Yelverton, Esq., then Recorder of Carrickfer- 
gus (afterwards Chief Baron of the Iri-^h Exchequer, and 
raised to the peerage by the title of Viscount Avonmore), 
for a sum of £18,113 5s, which agreement was afterwards 
carried into formal execution by a deed of 1st July, 1781, 
whereby Eldred Pottinger, and Anne, his wife, conveyed to 
him, " All the town and lands of Ballymacarrett, and the 
mill and mUl lands of Owen Cork, otherwise Owen O'Cork, 
togetuer with aU the tithes, both great and small, coming, 
growing, arising, and renewing for ever in and out of the 

same, and all dwelling-houses, &c., woods, underwoods, 
mills, mill-dams, and mill-ponds, waters, water-courses, 
strands, shores, fishings, fisheries, fishing-places, wrecks, 
waifs, estrays, deodands, forfeitures, easements, profits, 
advantages, emoluments, and hereditaments whatsoever, to 
the said lands and premises, and every part or parcel thereof 
belonging, or in anywise appertaining." By a deed of con- 
veyance, dated 1st July, 1787, Lord Chief Baron Yelverton 
conveyed the townland of Ballymacarrett and Owen O'Corke 
mill, in consideration of £'25,000, to Arthur, Earl of Done- 
gall, who, by his will, dated 7th Augiist, 1795, devised 
them to his second son. Lord Spencer Chichester, whose 
grandson, the Eight Hon^^^. Henry Spencer, Baron Temple- 
moi'e, is the present owner. His rental out of Ballyma- 
cai-rett amounts to upwards of £1,000 per annum, and is 
daily increasing ; but that represents only a small portion 
of the present value of the townland, which with, the 
buildings upon it, was valued in the poor-law rate-books of 
1855 at £18,891 10s, which must be considered as a won- 
derful realisation of the estimate formed of its value in the 
above will of Sir James Hamilton, dated upwards of 240 
years before, that the townland, which only then produced 
him £4 a year, would eventually be let at a great rent ; 
and the still more extraordinary prophecy contained in it, 
" that a great part of it might well be taken into the plains 
of Belfast, and cannot be wanting to that town," is at pre- 
sent on the eve of complete fulfilment, by the embank- 
ments of the Harbour Commissioners, and the formation 
of the People's Park, out of the residue of the unreclaimed 
slob-lauds of Ballymacarrett. 


John WTiyt in rarn own name, and the trust appeaveth that I have still used and enjoyed the said lands as hefore, and 
have the deed in myn own custoJie, an 1 John Kenedy, my said servant, for auythin^^ that I know, knoweth not there- 
of." All this estate of lease, and usj and right thereunto of the Dutfrin, and aU my lands and interest to any lands ia 
the kia3;dome of Ireland, and all ri.:^ht, use, possession, title, and interest after the expiration of my naturall lif, and 

« The Barony of Dufferin was not included in the ori- 
Rinal gra:it to Sir James Hamilton by James the First, 
but was purchased by him from Wiiite, and was included 
in the confirmation patent which was obtained by him of 
his estates in the reign of Charles the First. The follow- 
in:? is a translation ot an old inquisition respecting the 
title of the Whites to this barony : — 

" Ardwhin, 4th July, 1605— Patrick White, late of 
Flemington, in the county of Msath, Knight, Second 
Baron of the E.^chequer in this kiogdom of Ireland, born 
of the English nation and race, was seised as of fee and 
of ancient inheritance of the manors and castles of Reaes- 
caddie and Killalagh, with their appurtenances ; also of 
all miuiors, castles, towns, and lands in the territory or 
precinct called the Duifren, otherwise Duffrens, in the 
County of Downe, in the Province of Ulster, which terri- 
tory comprises in itself the towns, lands, &c., lollowing : 
—viz., Ballinemona, Balliholliken, Bailimullagh, Cor- 
bally, the ciLstles and to.vns of Billvcaslanwilliam, Bal- 
linecabry, the castles and towns of Killdeigh, Tullogh 
mormartin, Ballyrathconevan, Ballyinac-irbal, the castles 
and towns of Rindoffiin, otherwise Moylerton, B:tlly- 
omerun, BallYnacarran, the castle^ and towns of Rath- 
gorman, Billikitinegan, Carrick-rouske, Balliachey, 
Ballow, Bailimacoshen, Ballemackirelly, Balleogullona, 
Ballibregah, B.dlileggin, BaUylishduffe, Ballieoy, Balli- 
cley, otherwise Clegh, Bally-drommore, Ballicoskrigan, 
Caatlegalcy, Lissonagh, Ballitoagh, otherwise Tov, Bal- 
ligavan, Balliroyan; th-i castles and towns of Casclanne- 
gayse, Ballilegan, BallimuUin. Bahiholliard, Ardagone, 
Ballyboynomery, otherwise ToUymery, Ballitarim, Bal- 
areogh, Ballicooly, Rathkirin, Balliconnety, otherwise 
Cloney, Ballicargah, TuUyconysh, otherwise Knoise, 
Ballakillchunan, and Balliherman, and also of divers 
glands in Longhconn, viz., the islands of Ranchedy, and 
Rannys, Po!le-ile, Read-ile, Contagh-ile, Much-ile, other- 
wise Ilandimro ; Dunshagh-ile, Innishmac [ 

_ J Inishdowran, and Iland-darragh ; and also of cer- 
tain advows )ns and chiu-ches, viz., the Rectory of Kil- 
linchiri.-magliery. Renechaddy. Killawveys, and Killa- 
leagh, with all and singular their rights, members, and 
; appurtenances —Th^- aforesaid Patrick White, Knight, 
being so seised of all the premises, by deed bearing date 
24 September, in the 2d year uf the reign of the late 
Wueen Elizabetb, appointed Rowland White, his second 
son his attoniey, &c.— The same Rowland White, by 
deed bearing date 12th October, in the aforesaid year, 
granted .-ill the premises in the DullVen. otherwise Duff- 
rens, to John Bakeh, of tlie City of DnbUn, for the term 
of 21 years.-Afterwards the same John Baker, by deed 
beanngdae^l .January, in the year aforesaid, granted 
t*. the said Rowland White, his executors and =^si<.ns, 
alJ his interest and term of years in the premises.— 
J:.^n7v'^t\r^" r'" ^'^'*«' ^"^'^ «^ Flemu.gton, in the 
^d .^^';f ' '•',* V'^ ^''" "f Nicholas" White, son 
It 5« •, M ^ ■ T^ ^^^""'"^ ^'"t"- ^y 'leed bearing 
date 28ta May, m the 8th year of the same reign, de^ 

mised to the aforesaid Rowland White, all his right, 
claim, and interest, which he had in the premises afore- 
said. — The same Rowland White, being so seised of tlie 
premises, died at the City of Dublin, 10th August, in the 
14th year of the late Queen Elizabeth — John White, of 
Killaleagh, aforesaid, his son and heir, was then of the 
age of 23 years, and unmarried. The premises are held 
as of the manor of Carrickfergus by fealty. — Inquisitious 
of Ulster, Becord Com., vol. 2. 

In July, 1610, John White, and his son, Nicholas, 
assigned these lands, castles, and advowsons to Sii" James- 
Hamilton, subject to the rent of £40, and the Crown rent 
of 6s 8d ; and, by an inquisition, taken at Killileagh, 14th 
January 1644, after Lord Cianeboy's death, he was found 
to have died seised, inter alia, of the advowson, donation, 
right of patronage, and free disposal of the aforesaid rec- 
tories, vicarages, chapels, and churches of Killileagh, 
Kilandreas, Renechady, and Killinchinemaghery. As to 
Killamlreas, Dr. Reeves says : — " In the townland of Toy 
and Kirkland is a burial-ground, which contains the ruins 
of a church that measures 56i by 11 h feet. The masonry 
is of a very ancient character, and the walls are in some 
places 5J feet thick. The spot is locally called Killarasey, 
or Killandrews, and gives name to the Prebend of St. 
Andrew's, in the Cathedral of Down, being the first name 
on the list of its corps. ' Killaudreas, an union,' is noticed 
by the Terrier bc't we en Einghadily and Killyleagh. Though 
annexed by the charter to the Prebend of St. Andrews, and 
thus made colladve by the Bishop, it was afterwards 
severed from it, and incorporated with Killyleagh, inas- 
much as the advowson was not at the disposal of the Crown 
in 1609." — Ecc. Ant. Doim and Connor, p. 187. And, as 
to " Renecliady, now Ringhaddy, a portion of Killinehy 
Parish, lying in Strangford Lough. It was originally an 
island, but having been from time immemorial connected 
to the mainland by a causeway, it presents on the map the 
appearance of an elongated neck of land, running north- 
wards into the Lough, Hence, probably, the name ' The 
Long Point.' On it remain the walls of the church, mea- 
suring 45 by 24 feet." — Ih., p. 10. At page 34, ante, it is 
stated in the MSS. that Lord Claneboy planted all the 
parishes of his estate, which were six, with pious ministers 
out of Scotland ; but, in the foregoing will, he only enu- 
merates five, omitting Killinehy, to which he afterwards 
presented John Livingston in 1630. At the date of this 
will however, in 1616, it is probable that the two modern 
pai-ishes of Killileagh and Killinehy were joined together, 
and that the church of Killileagh served for both, for the 
following reasons : — 1. The church of Killwynchie, or Kil- 
linehy, only, is returned in the Ta.xation of 1306-7 ; for it 
is plain that the church of Kilmeyleyt, returned in it, does 
not refer to Killileagh, but to Loughinisland, as suggested 
by Dr. Reeves — Ec. An., p. 43. 2. There are no remains 
of any ancient church at KUlmchy ; but neai' the Castle of 
Killileagh stood an ancient church called Killov/en, of 
which tiie east gable still remains. 3. Although Sir James 
Hamilton purchased the advowson of this Church, as also 


after ray debts payed and such things satisfied as I have appointed to be satisfied by these presents, and to be don and 
performed to his mother, and to all others as is hereby expressed ; I say all my lands, tenements, and hereditaments 
whatsoever I do leave to com and be to my said sone, James Hamiltone, the son of the said Jean Haniiltone, alias 
Phillips, after the expiration of my natiirall lif, and after my debts payed and other things by me hereby directed to 
be don, accomplished, and fulfilled, to be to the said James Hamiltone, the sone of Jean Hamiltone, als. Phillips, afd., 
and of myself, and to his heires of his body, for ever (if it shall please God that I depart out of this mortal lif before I 
do return to him and his said mother). And if it shall please God that my said sone, James Hamiltone, shall depart 
this lif without heires of his body, then the said lands and hereditaments, and all right, use, interest, and title to them 
to be to such soue or daughter, soues or daughters successively and lineally, as the said Jean Hamiltone, als. Philips is, 
or may now be, conceaved with, if any such she be conceaved with, and to their heires successively and respectively for 
ever. And if it shall please God to determine the heires of my body, then the said lands and hereditaments to be to 
the heu-es male of Archibald, he paying £1,000 stg. to every of my brothers, John Hamiltone and William Hamil- 
tone, and £1,000 to my brother Gawen's children, Archibald and James, between them ; and three hundreth pounds 
to Patrick, my brother ; and so much to my sister Jean, her children, and performing such things as ar in this my 
will ordayned to be performed ; and those above-mentioned sumes, to be payed to my said brothers, and brother's 
childi-en, by the said Archibald, within six years after his entrie to said lands ; and he also leaving to my brothi^r 
John my castle and lands of Clanchie. And if it shall please God to determine and cut off the heires males of my 
brother Archibald, then I do appoint and ordane my said lands and hereditaments to be equally divyded in three 
parts ; the first part to be between the two children of Gawen — viz., Archibald and James, and the heires males of 
their bodies ; the second part to be to my brother John, and the heii'es niales of his body ; the third to my brother 
William, and the heires males of his body ; and all these three parts to repay within six yeares to the said Archibald's 
daughters and heires of his body, after that the said Archibald, James, John, and William shall havereceaved the said 
lands, the sum to be payed by them, the said Archibald and James, the sones of Gawen, and by my brothers, John 
and William, to the daughters of the said Archibald, my brother, and their heires respectively, according to the pro- 
portion of then- partes. And failing of the heires males of the bodyes of aU these, the said Archibald, James, Jolin, 
and Wdliam, (whose partes I appoint to fall to the survivor for want of heii'es males), then to the heires males of the 
body of my brother Patrick, and, faUing of such heires males, then to my right heires for ever. 

There is also one hundreth pounds to be payed to Alice Penicook, during her lif, which I do appoint to be well and 
truely payd to her if she cary herself without troubling of my said wif and sone, otherwise not ; and I leave something 
to be given to James Penicook to relieve his wants. 

lu witness of this my last will I have signed the same, and put thereunto my seall the said 16 day of December, 

All other things I do 
leave to the discretion of \ James Hamiltone. (Seal.) 

my executors aforesaid. 

of Einghaddy, Killandreas, and Killileagh from the White Johannes Bole, Eector. Eillileagh — Idem Johannes Bole, 
family, in 1610, yet John Christian, who had been presented Eector." There were also merged in the modern parisliolKil- 
by the crown, in 1609, to the Prebend of St. Andrews, held lincliy, the old parishes of Einghaddy, Balligowan, and 
all these livings till 1616, as did Andrew Moneypeni.y, who Drumcreagh, the cemetery of which latter is called Kill- 
succeeded him in that year, and Arthur Moneypenny, in the keeran, lying in the townland of Drumreagh. Mr. J. W. 
year 1620. 4. Bishop Echlin, in 1622, returned the Church Hanna,iu his " Gossipings ahoutthe parish of Inch," states, 
as Killinseach, oZws Killileagh; and, even after Lord Clane- "that Drumcreagh Parish contained the townlands of 
hoy had asserted his right by presenting Livingston to Drumreagh, Eaffrey, Killinchy-in -the- Woods, Eavarra, 
Kiilinchy in 1630, it appears from the following entrj' in Ballycloghan, Levally-gowan, (now Ballygowan,) Levally- 
the Eegal Visitation Book for 1633, that John Bole, who was aghin-darragh, (now Aughnadaragh,) Barnamaghery, (which 
also appointed by the crown, is returned as Eector for all contains Killyban, the Church of St. Fergus, first Bishop of 
these livings: — "Dunensis Diocess — St. Andi-ev-S, in Eosse Down, )andCreevybeg,allofwhich were inNorthCIaneboy." 
— valet £100, Johannes Bole, Eector. Eillenstree — Idem f This remarkable document, which is all in Sir James 
Johannes Bole, Eector. Eilscalan et Binghady — Idem Hamilton's own handwriting, although formally signed 


and sealed by him in 1616, as his will, does not appear to 
have been ever vdtnessefl or published as such, although 
he ived for twenty- seven years after its date ; and he there- 
fore died legally intestate, as stated by Lodge ; but this 
document is still a most valuable one for its local and his- 
torical statements and allusions. It appears to have re- 
mained undiscovered among the family papers until the 
year 183'2, when it was found by the late A. H. Rowan, 
Esq., and the present editor, when making a seai'ch among 
them, at Rathcoifey, County Kildare. From a passage in 
the last paragi-aph. wherein he says, " If it shall please 
God that 1 depart out of this mortal life before I return to 
him (his son) and his said mother," it would seem to have 
been drawn up in his absence from home. The particular 
occasion it is, of course, impossible now to ascertain ; but 
it is not improbable that it was upon his being sent to 
England, in 1616, as one of the deputies from the Irish 
House of Commons with such acts and propositions as the 
House desired to be transmitted to England for approval. 
The following are the circumstances under which he was 
so selected:— "On the ISthofMay, 1613, the first Parliament 
held in Ireland during an interval of twenty-seven years, and 
which Lord Clare, on his motion for the Union, described 
as the first assembly which Ireland ever had that could 
be called a Parliament, was opened with great pomp by 
Sir Arthur Chichester, the then Lord Deputy. Sir James 
Hamilton and Sir Hugh Montgomery were returned as the 
members to the House of Commons for the County of 
Down. Since last a House of Commons had been as- 
sembled in Dublin, seventeen newcounties had been formed, 
and forty boroughs incorporated ; and, in fabricating these 
boroughs, so little had either law or honesty been con- 
sulted, that most of them consisted of only a tew scattered 
houses, built by the undertakers in Ulster. Against this 
mockery of legislation several of the Lords of the Pale 
spiritedly remonstrated, complaining that they, the ancient 
nobility and gentry of the Pale, ' were set at nought and 
disgraced by men lately raised to place and power ; that 
the new boroughs had been incorporated mth the most 
shameful partiality, and that their representatives were 
attorneys' clerks and servants.' These lords concluded by 
manlully demanding that all laws which had for their 
object to force consciences should be repealed. Their bold 
appeal, however, proved unavailing. The Lord Deputy 
continued to furnish new boroughs, according as they were 
wanted ; and many of them were not incorporated imtil the 
writs for summoning a Parliament had already issued. 
Notwithstanding these active exertions on the part of the 
Government, so nearly balanced were the two parties, or 
so uncertain still their relative strength, that the Catholics 
counted sanguinely on a majority ; nor was it until the 
meeting of Parliament that, to their great mortification, 
they found they had miscalculated their numbers. Of the 
232 members returned, 6 were absent, 125 were Protest- 
ants, and 101 formed a recusant, or Catholic party. The 
Upper House consisted of 16 temporal barons, 25 Protest- 
ant prelates, 5 viscounts, and 4 earls ; and of these a con- 
siderable majority were friends of the Administration. 
The first trial of the strength of the parties was on the 
election of the Speaker- -the competitors for this office 
being Sir John Davies, the Irish Attorney- General, and 
Sir John Everard, a respectable recusant, who had been a 
Justice of the King's Bench. Before they proceeded to 
the election, a question was raised by Everard's party, 
whether those returned for boroughs illegally constituted 

had not thereby forfeited their right of electing The 
altercation on this point was becoming angry and dis- 
orderly, when Sir Oliver St. John, Master of the Ordnance, 
remarked that controversies of this description were best 
decided by votes, and that the affirmative party usually 
went out of the House, while the negative kept then- seats. 
He therefore called upon those who voted for Sir John 
Davies to attend him to the lobby, and was followed thither 
by all his party. Meanwhile, the recusants, whether be- 
lieving or merely presuming that they were the majority, 
proceeded to elect Sir John Everard ; and, having hurried 
through the accustomed forms, placed him triumphantly 
in the Speaker's chair. They were then rejoined 
by the Government members, when another and still 
less dignified scene took place. Exclaiming against 
this outrage, they declared Davies to be duly elected, 
and after in vain endeavouring to force the sturdy 
recusant from the chair, seated their Speaker in his 
lap. The restless spirit which these events kept con- 
stantly alive, was regarded with the more apprehension, 
from the scanty means now left to the government of pre- 
serving the public peace ; the whole military force of the 
kingdom having been lately reduced to the trifling amount 
of 17U0 foot and 200 horse. Finding it imjjossible to make 
any progi-ess with an assembly so constituted, the lord- 
deputy prorogued the Parliament, and shortly after a 
deputation from the the Irish Catholics proceeded to Lon- 
don, to lay their petition at the foot of the throne. The 
reception given at first to the Irish delegates had been harsh 
and insulting. The English council had tried to intimidate 
them, and two of their number, Talbot and Luttrell, were 
committed prisoners, one to the Tower and the other to 
the Fleet. By the king the delegates were rated in his own 
peculiar fashion. The letter which the lords of the Pale 
had addressed to him, — ' a few men,' as he contemptuously 
styled them, ' who threatened him with rebellion,' — he 
declared to be 'rash and insolent;' and, with respect to 
those returns to Parliament of which they had complained, 
' nothing faulty,' he said, ' was to be found in the govern- 
ment, unless they would have the kingdom of Ireland like 
the kingdom of heaven.' To the complaint made of the 
numerous boroughs constituted by him, the royal reply was, 
' What is it to you, whether I make many or few boroughs ? 
my counsel may consider the fitness, if I require it. But, 
what if I had made forty noblemen, and four hundred bo- 
roughs ? the more, the merrier ; the fewer, the better cheer.' 
Finally, he dismissed the Irish delegates with a severe re- 
primand, telling them that their proceedings had been 
' rude, disorderly, and inexcusable, and worthy of severe 
punishment, which, however, by reason of their submission, 
he would forbear, — but not remit, until he should see their 
dutiful carriage in his Parliament.' Meanwhile a commis- 
sion of inquiry was granted ; the complaints made by the 
recusants were promptly attended to, and, among other 
important admissions, it was conceded, that members for 
boroughs incorporated after the writs were issued had no 
right to sit during the session." — Moore' s Ireland, ith vol., 
p. 163 to 167. 

This commission was directed to Lord Chichester, Sir 
Humphrey Winche, Sir Charles Cornwallis, Sir Roger 
Wilbraham, and George Calvert, to inquire, on oath, 
whether there were not writs sent into all counties for the 
elections, and returns to be made as well of knights of 
shires as of citizens and burgesses, for the cities and an- 
cient boroughs within the same shires ; and whether 


there were not burgesses chosen and returned for all 
ancient boroughs that had aright to send members to Par- 
liament, and whether there were any omitted ; and if there 
were, the cause and reason, and on wliom was the fault? 
To which the commissioners certified, that on the 12th 
Nov.. in the City of Dublin, they made diligent inquiry, as 
well by depositions of witnesses, search of records, certi- 
ficates from the archbishops, as by other good ways and 
means, and made the following return concerning matters 
of Parliament : — " In the county of Down, May-Day was 
the county court for the election, which the Sheriff held at 
Newry, at which day the Sheriff, proceeding to the election, 
moved the freeholders to choose Sir Richard Wingfield and 
Sir James Hamilton, being recommended to him by the 
Lord Deputy ; but the natives named Sir Arthur Magen- 
nisse, and Rowland Savago, whereupon all the British free- 
holders, being 131, cried 'Hamilton and Montgomery,' 
omitting Wingfield ; and the Irish, to the number of 101, 
cried 'Magenuisse and Savage.' Exception being pre- 
sently taken to divers of the British for want of freeholds, 
14 were examined on oath by the Sheriff, and deposed they 
were freeholders ; whereupon, the Sheriff returned Hamil- 
ton and Montgomery, to which some of the Ii'ish made 
objections, which were found partly untrue, and partly 
frivolous."— Pat. Rolls. 16 Jac. 1. IV., 9. 

No debates in the Irish Parliament were published at this 
date ; but the following extracts from the Journals of the 
Irish House of Commons, present not only an outline of 
several debates in which Sir James Hamilton took part, 
but the substance and the arguments of the various speakers, 
and in some measure even their style of speaking : — 

" Die Sahhnti, 22 Aprilis, 1615. — The House being all 
met and set this day, by eight of the clock in tlie morning, 
with intent and purpose to read the act of subsidy ; before 
it began to be read, 

" Mr. Sutton moved the House, that in regard it tended 
to the king's private profit, it might be defen-ed till other 
acts that tended to the common good of the weale publick 
were first read ; alledging, that the old saying would else be 
verified : — Little said soon amended; a subsidy granted, the 
Parliament ended. But, it was answered by 

" Sir James Hamilton, that it concerned not the king's 
private profit ; but, as his Majesty is head, so his subjects 
are the members of that head, and that it concerned every 
of their own good ; and, therefore, desired that his Majesty's 
bill might have the pre-eminence as to begin first, and then 
those that concerned the commonwealth ; so, that thereby 
they may proceed hand in hand. 

" So thereupon the said act, entituled ' An act for the 
grant of one entire subsidy by the temporality,' received 
the first reading." 

" 24 Aprilis, 1615. — This day an act, entituled an ' Act 
for the granting of one entire subsidy by the temporality,' 
was the second time read. 

" 1. Mr. Feancis Blundell spake first for the bill of sub- 
sidy: Verhumsapientisatest. By granting it you shall obtain 
1, Glory; 2, Gain; and it will be the only means to make 
this a flourishing kingdom, and you a happy people. 

" 2. Mr. Fernham — Divers reasons why it should be 
granted : 49 Edward III., the king, being sick, put the 
government of his land into John of Gaunt's hands, and 
called a Parliament, and laid great taxes on the common- 
wealth ; but they ought not to lay extraordinary taxes upon 
their subjects. Motives : — 1. The great expense of his 
Majesty since his entrauce to the crown is to be considered. 

2. Bounty and justice, the two principal virtues that belong 
to a king ; the necessity of Princes stoppeth the passages 
of aU noble designs; 1,900,060 odd pounds it cost Queen 
Elizabeth, from the defeating of the marshal in the North 
till her death. 

" 3. Mr. Treasdeee — The motives to induce the grant- 
ing of a subsidy two :^1. Either on the behalf of the king 
to supply his Majesty's necessities, which are either ordin- 
ary, or extraordinary; as the marriage of Lady Elizabeth 
with the Palsgrave, reijmhlicw causa. 2. In our own be- 
halfs. It cost Queen Elizabeth £400,000 from the Earl of 
Essex's time till the Lord Mount-joye's Kingsale's charges 
came to near £500,000. The subsidy, being granted, will 
be but like a vapour drawn up into a cloud, which doth hut 
disperse and fall amongst us again. 

"4. Sir Christopher Nugent — Dignum et justum. He 
findeth every one ready with alacrity to give it, whereunto 
he is willing; but, for the manner of levying it, he desireth 
to have it committed. 

" 5. Mr. Justice Sibthoep — Athingnotonly in duty tobe 
granted to so good a king, but fortified with many prece- 
dents: — as, 24J//eM. VIL, 13s 4d to be taken off every plow 
land ; the like for ten years, 3 tC- 4 Phillipi et Maria ; the 
like in the 11° Eliz. In the days of Augustus Caesar, &c., 
an edict was sent out, that aU the world under his govern- 
ment should be taxed ; every child to his father, every 
citizen to his mayor, &c., are willing to give their aid ; then, 
how much more every good subject to so religious a prince ! 

"6. Sir James Hamilton rejoiceth to see King James 
triumphing and rejoicing in the hearts of all his subjects ; 
many look in men's faces, that knoweth not what is in 
their purses ; therefore, some such as dwell in every shire 
to be appointed to be petitioners to the Lord Deputy, for 
the nominating commissioners for the levying the subsidy ; 
but not to have the bill committed. 

"7. Mr. Waddixg — For the expoundin g of each that must 
pay, who must be worth £3, to be petitioners to the Lord 
Deputy for explaining it, whether English or Irish money 
be intended ; and, in respect that the second payment 
cometh so near the first, that some fui'ther respite of time 
might be given for that. 

" 8. Sir John Eveeaed — That the first gentleman pre- 
vented him in priority, yet he hath as many wings to show 
his affection as any other ; neither glory nor profit moveth 
him — that were merchandise. The king and the subject 
be relatives ; if good be done to the king, the subject is the 
better; that nourishment which is given to the head, the 
concoction after is in the body; so, the subsidy being granted 
the king, the subject will be the better for it. Yet, 1, the 
the composition ; 2, the infliction of the statute for re- 
cusancy ; 3, death of cattle disableth them ; therefore, he 
desireth some of the honorable gentlemen to be interces- 
sors to the Lord Deputy for the mitigation of these three 
inconveniences ; and, that each county, as they have chosen 
knights of the shire, so to choose collectors ; and thinketh 
the bill fit to be engrossed. 

" 9. Mr. LuTTEKEL—l, The glory of God ; 2, The weal 
publick ; 3, The benefit of the king, are to be respected. 
Subsidies are,inEnglaud, conditionally granted; alledging 
that tlie people were poor, and that the King sometimes of 
England had aliened those lands of the crown that would 
have satisfied his debts ; alledging that in the time of wars 
in this kingdom, the gentlemen of the said realm spent as 
much as the Queen ; instance of a gentleman of ten hundred 
pounds per annum, who spent in those wars three thousand 


pounds. The bill therefore to be committed, that his Ma- 
jesty maj' be notified it any inconvenience happen therein 
01 the composition. 

" 10. Captain Gexfi-xth — To have it engrossed. 

"11. Sir Adam Loftus, senior — Finding no inconveni- 
ence in it, to have it engrossed. 

"12. Mr. MooBE — The occurrence is so free that no body 
will contradict it. His motion one, that those places where 
money is not to be spared, there cattle, com, &c., might 
be taken, especially where his Majesty's garrisons are, un- 
to whom part of the subsidy is to be distributed. 

'■ 13. Mr. Verdan — As we ought to give, so we must look 
to the performance ; therefore, to have it committed. 

■' 14. Mr. Dat.t.way — To have it engrossed. 

" 15. Sir Robert Digby explained the manner of levying 
it, which the commissioners are to have a care in assess- 
ing the same. 

■"16. Ml-. Treasurer again explained his former speech, 
alledging that in England he is cessed at forty pounds laud, 
which is eight pounds to the king. 

•' So put the question. 

" All that would have it to be engrossed, say yea. 

" All that would have it committed, to say no. 

" The greater number was yeas ; so, agreed to be en- 

■'1 Mail, 1615. — Ml-. Geo. Bagnall, upon the beginning 
of the reading of the bill of Scots, desii-ed that the bill of 
the natives might have the precedency in reading. 

■' Sir James Hamilton condescended that the Bill for the 
natives should have the precedency, and that in old time 
Ireland was called Scotia major, and Scotland Scotia minor; 
therefore, amity be betwixt both. 

" Sir Oliver Lambert, and Sir Adam Loftus — To have it 
transmitted, and both to be put in one act, and tluit the 
natives of this kingdom might be capable of offices 

" Mr. Treasurer — That is a mark of distinction there 
to be taken away. 

" JIi-. Dr. Beeves — The acts to be suspended, and both 
transmitted in one. 

" Sir John Everard — To have an act for restitution to 
their ancient libei-ties. but not to capitulate or indente ; 
and, because the imputation will lie upon the Irish, there- 
fore his motion that they both pass, and that the house be 
ail humble suitor, that a new act be desii-ed, with addition. 

" Mr. Justice Sibthorp — That both English, Irish, and 
Scots, living under one God and one king, should be 
eq^ually capable of preferment. 

" Mr. Annesley — The bDls are not denied ; therefore, he 
desired that the blemish should be taken away; therefore, 
both to be read and committed, and the house to be an 
humble suitor to the king for the repeal of any statute that 
shall disable any native to be capable of any office in this 

" -2 Mali, 1615. — This day the act of his Majesty's gracious 
general and free pardon was the first time read, after it 
came from the lords, being read once before. 

" Mr. Leyester, and Sir Johx Everard moved that part 
of Sherlock's money be bestowed upon one Paiker, in 
prison in Exeter ; but others to bt^stow it here. 

" rfir Christopher Plunkett would have the general 
pardon committed, to see whether it were general indeed. 

•' Sir John Everard — To accept of his Majesty's pardon. 

•• Mr. Talbott — To have it committed, that suit might be 
made that it miglit extend to the next sessions. 

"Mr. Dr. Reeves — Never to refuse God and the King's 
pardon. < 

" Sir James Hamilton — Not to question his Majesty's 

" Mr. Crooke — To accept of his Majesty's liberal and free '' 

grace, and not to defer it till the next sessions, lest that in 
the meantime any one be hanged, which by this pardwi \ 

might be saved ; and, if it go into England, it is a question , 

whether it shall ever return, or whether we shall have \ 

another sessions. 

" Therefore, being put to the question, whether to be again 
read or committed, the whole voice was yeas, to have it 
read ; so, it was again read, and being put to the question, 
it passed, with a general consent, the whole house." 

" 8 Maii, 1615. — The bill for repeal of divers statutes, con- 
cerning the natives of this kingdom, was the third time 

" Sir Adam Loftus, junior. Sir Edward Fisher, and Mr. 
Bagnal, against the bUl. 

"Mr. Talbott with the bill ; to take it in part till God send 

" Sir James Hamilton — Petitioners are no choosers, and I 

the countenance of a prince is that which promiseth more I 

gilts of a prince, ever accompanied with love ; better to | 

follow the course of the giver, and not of the petitioner. I 

" Sir John Everard — No man would think him a wise 
man, that, being restrained to the castle of Dublin, or tower 
of London, and might have the liberty to walk on the walls, ; 

would refuse it ; and, so, if one should owe a merchant a | 

thousand pounds, and if he should remit five hundred 
pounds, would refuse it ; so he conceiveth by the scope of 
this act — beggars must not be choosers ; and, because we j 

cannot have our desire, it savourc th of pride and obstinaucy 
to oppose this bill ; therefore, to the question; which being j 

puttothequestion, the yeas were far greater; so it passed." \ 

"12 il/«H,1615.— Mr.BLUNDELL moved that Mr. Treasurer, 
Sir James Hamilton, Sir John Everard, Sir Robert Digby, | 

and Mr. Boltou, might be appointed to go into England. j 

"Whereupon, it was ordered, that the grand committee | 

shall consider what persons, members of this house, shall 
be thought fit to be presented to the Lord Deputy, witli de- 
sire to be recommended by his Lordship lo go over after 
this session into England to his Majesty, with such acts 
and propositions as the House shall desire to be transmit- 
ted into England, to be propounded the nest sessions, and 
to consider of all fitting circumstances of the persons that 
shall be appointed to go." j 

"15 Maii, 1615 — Upon question had, touching the persons, 
members of this House of Commons, that were to be sent, j 

into England from the said House by special election, | 

Sir Thomas Ridgway, Vice-Treasurer, and Sir James Ha- I 

mUton, knights, both of his Majesty's privy councell here, i 

and Sir John Everard, knight, and Richard Bolton, Esq., i 

were named and chosen by the knights, citizens, and bur- 
gesses of the Commons House of Pai-liaraent. to be recom- 
mended first to the Lord Deputy, with humble desire that 
his lordship would be pleased to recommend them, with 
the aifairs of the commonwealth given in charge, whereof 
his lordship shall think fit to give allowance and approba- 
tion to his sacred Majesty, and the lords of his most 
honourable privy councell in England." 

On 16th May, 1615, Parliament was prorogued till the 24th 
of October following, when it was dissolved, and no new 
Parliament met until thf 14th of July, 16;:;4. Sir James 
Hamilton, and Sir Hugh Montgomery , appear in the records 


.13 the members entitled to serve in this Parlinment for 
the County of Down, although they had in the me.intime 
been raised to the Irish peerage by Patent, with the titles 
of Viscount Claneboye, and Viscount Montgomery. 

The Parliament which met on the 14th of July, 163 1, 
continued its sittings until the 18th of April, 1635, when 
it was prorogued, and a new one called, which met on the 
16th of March, 1639. The following account of the elec- 
tion of members for the Coimty of Down to this Parliament 
is given in the Montgomery MSS : — 

'• The other thing memorable of Sir James Montgomery 
(before the grand Irish rebellion) is his concerting with 
our two Viscounts [Montgomery, and Claneboye] how only 
such as they thought best should be elected knights of 
the shire, to serve in the Parliament, anno 1640. Their 
lordships, both in affection and prudence, pitched on their 
brothers, the said Sir James, and John Hamilton, Esq. 
Those gentlemen were (as is required by the writt), Idonii, 
lit persons, and lully qualified to sit in Parliament. Each 
of them had been for twenty-three years conversant and 
employed in business of ihe county (of which they had 
exact tally s and keys), and of the .respective family s 
therein, and those two lords' plantations did now surmount 
ail wastes; so that these gentlemen's good conduct could 
not tail to have the farr major number of votes in the 
election, although the Trevors, Hills, M'Gennisses, 
O'Neills, Bagnalls, and other interests were combined 
against them — divers sham freeholders being made to en- 
crease the number of choosers, which the dexterity and 
diUigence of those gentlemen discovered before ye face of 
the county, to the utter shame of the servants and agents 
who had practised the cheat, to sett up other pretenders 
who stood to be knights for the shire. It was contended 
much in the fields ; and there you might have seen the 
county divided into four parties, each having him mounted 
on men's shoulders whom they would have their represen- 
tative ; and, as neither ol them would yield y« plurality to ye 
other, the Sheriif would not determine y« controversy 
on view, but, like a skilfull gardner, brought all the swarms 
into one, and so the poll (careiuUy attended, and y« truth 
of each man's freehold searched into) ended the dilficulty 
by the reckoning made of them, which gave it by a great 
many votes to Montgomery and Hamilton, many of the 
Lord Cromwell's tenents appearing to their sides, the rest 
of them being newters or absent. I was told (as I remem- 
ber) by persons acting at that election, that Sir James 
Montgomery had many more voices for him than Mr. 
Hamilton ; for, not a few joyned him out of the other 
partys, which were all generally for him to be as one 

chosen ; so that his business lay most to strengthen the 
Hamiltons,who broughtatlurdpiu-tmore voters of their own 
people than Sir James could conduce of his brother Jlont- 
gomerys ; but all the Savages, with tlieir interest, tlie 
Fitzsyinouds, the Echlins ; also, Mr. Ward's, and most of 
Kildare's and Cromwell's tenents, were for him and his 
colleague partys. Our two Viscounts) who, though pre- 
sent) behaved as spectators only. This election was evident 
proof wliat their lordships could atchieve by their own 
Scottish interest ; and so their regard was the greater with 
the Governors and Parliament." — Mont. MSS., p. 124. 

John Hamilton, of Coronary, County Cavau, and Monella, 
or Hamilton's Bawu, County Armagh, Esq., the third brother 
of the first Viscount Claneboye, who is above mentioned to 
have been so elected vdth Sir James Montgomery, died at 
KiUileagh, Countj Down, on the 4th, and was buiied at 
MuUabrack, County Armagh, on the 10th of December, 
1639, (o.s.). He, consequently, never sat for the County 
ol Down in Parliament, which did not meet till the 'i7th of 
Feby, 1639 (o.s.), following, whence it appears, by the 
Journals of the Irish House of Commons, that Sir Edward 
Trevor of Kose Trevor, and Sir James Montgomery of 
Rosemount, knights, were returned as the sitting mem- 
bers. The following list of members for the County of 
Down in the Irish Parliament, from 1585 till the_ Union, has 
been extracted from the Liber Mumriun FabUcorum Hi- 
heriiicB, and the Journals of the Irish House of Commons : — 







April — Sir Nicholas B.\gnall, Knight, Tlie 
Sir Hugh Magennis, Knight, Rathfriland. 
May 18 — Sir James Hamilton, Knight, Bangor, 
and KiUileagh. 
Sir Hugh Montgomery, Knight, Newtown. 
July 14— Sir Hugh Montgomery, Knight, Newtown. 
Sir James Hamilton, Kuight, Bangor, 
and KiUileagh. 
Oct. 22 — Veee Essex Ceomwell, Esq.* 
Mar. 16— Sir Edwaed Trevoa, Knight. Rose Trevor. 
Sii- James Montcomery, Knight, Rjse- 
May 8— Marcus Teevoe, Esq. , Rose Trevor. 

Arthur Hill, Esq., HiiLborough. 
Oct. 22 — Veee Essex Ckomwell Esq , vice Trevor, 

created Viscount Dungunuon. 
Nov. 16 — Marcus Trevor, Esq., Rose Trevor, vice 

Hill, deceased. 
Sept. 27 — Sir Arthur Rawdon, Bart., Moira. 
James Hamilton, Esq., Tullymore.t 

* Afterwards Earl of Ardglass ; married Catherine, only 
daugliter of James Hamilton, of Bantfor, and Margaret Kynas- 
tor, who was then the viddow of General Richard Price, and 
inother of General Nicholas Price. By her second husband, she 
became mother of au only daughter, Lady Elizabeth Cromwell, 
who married Edward Southwell, Secretary for Ireland in the 
time of Queen Anne, and was great-grandmother of Edward 
Southwell, the late Lord De Cliiiord, who died in 1832. — Mrs. 
ilMili/n Miiivjirs. 

t James Hamilton, of Tulljonore, the eldest son of William, 
nephew of the first Viscount Claneboye, married Anne, young- 
est daughter of John, first Viscount Mordaunt. He was an 
active and steady asserter of the liberties of hi.s country, and a 
chief promoter of a general rising of the Protestants of Ireland, 
in Itiby, to shake ofl the tyramiy of King James. 's government, 

and was empowered by the gentlemen of Ulster to fix on a 
proper person in Dublin to carry their address to the Prince m 
Orange on his arrival there. His endeavours to defend his re- 
ligion and his country did not rest here ; for he and his first 
cousin, James Hamilton, of Bangor, raised each a rug..ment ot 
foot, for which they were attainted by King James's Parlia- 
ment, and had their estates sequestered. He wa<: member for 
Downiiatrick Borough, and for the County of Down, as above 
stated, in 1692. Hewasalso Governorofthe Comity, and embodied 
the Militia, with which he maintained peace at home, wh;!e he 
sui)phed King WiUiam with provisions and stores on his mareh 
to victory at the Boyne. He was sent to England, in July, 1093, 
to prosecute the Lords Justices of King James, and was one of 
the Commissioners for forfeited estates in Ireland in l<jyy. He 
died in London in 1101.— Hid. 


1(595, Xov. 8 — Nicholas Price, Esq., St. Field, vice 

Rjwdnii, deceased.* 
170a, Sepl 21— Nicholas Price. Esq., St. Field. 

John Magill, Esq , Gill Hall. 
1713, Nov. 7— Nicholas Price. Esq., St. Field. 

Michael Ward, Esq , Castle Ward.+ 
1715, Oct. 29— Trevor Hill, Esq., Ilillsborowgh. 
Michael Ward, Esq., Castleward. 
1717, Sept. 10— Sir John Rawdon, Bart., Moyiagh, vice 

Bill c; eated Viscount Hillsborough. 
1723, Mar. 12— Egbert Hawkins Magill, Esq., Gill- 
Hall, rice Rawdon, deceased. 
1727, Sept. 25— Robert Hawkins Magill, Esq., Gill-Hall. 

Hon. Arthur Hill (Trevor), Belvoir. 
1745, Oct. 31 — Bernard Ward, Esq., Castleward, vice 

Magill. deceased, t 
1761, Apr. 29— Hon. Arthur Trevor, Belvoir. 

Bernard Ward, Esq., Castle Ward. 

1766, Mar. 14— Hon. H. Seymour Conway, vice Trevor, 

created Viscount Dungannon. 
1768, July 15— Bernard Ward, Esq., Castle Ward. 
Roger Hall, Esq., Narrow Water.§ 
1776, June 11 — Right Hon. Arthur Hill, Viscount Kil- 
Robert Stewart, Esq. 
1783, Oct. 14— Right Hon. Arthur Hill, Viscount Kil- 
Hon. Edward Ward.]] 
1790, July— Right Hon. A. Hill, Earl of Hillsborough.^ 

Hon. Robert Stewart, 
1794, Jan. 22 — Francis Savage, of Ardkeen, Esq., vice 
Right Hon. Arthur HUl, created Mar- 
quis of Dowashire. 
1798, Jan. 9 — Right Hon. Robert Stewart, Viscount 
Francis Savage, Esq. 

• Afterwards General Nicholas Price, who was son of General 
Richard Price, bj' Catherine, only daughter of James Hamilton, 
of Bangor, and great-grandfather of tlie late Nicliolas Price, 
Esq., Saintfield, which property his mother purchased from her 
nephew, young James of Eangor. He was also great-grand- 
father of the late Cromwell Price, of Hollymount, who left his 
projierty to his nephew, Francis Savage, the son of his only 
sister, Anne Price, who had married Charles Savage, of Ard- 
keen. This Francis left the Ardkeen estate to his only child, 
JIary Anne Savage, and she was the last of his name who lield 
that property, which had been in possession of that branch of 
the Savages ever smce the reign of Henry II. She was the first 
wife of the late Colonel Forde, of Seaforde (uncle to the present 
Colonel Forde, M.P. for County Down), and died in 1826.— ifr*. 
lieilly's Memoirs. 

i Michael Ward, the second sen of Bernard Ward, of Castle- 
ward, who, in 1690, when Sheriff of the County of Down, was 
killed in a duel by Jocelyn Hamilton, brother of James Hamil- 
ton, of Tollymore, who was mortally wounded at the same time. 
Tlie dispute arose in the Grand Jury-room, and they immediately 
went out and fought close to the Abbey of Downpatrick. Michael 
Ward, by the death of his eider brother Nicholas, became pos- 
sessed of Castleward, and was afterwards a Justice of the King's 
Bench. He was an excellent and clever man. He is mentioned 
in Harris's History of the County Down, as the first person who 
intioduced marl as a manure. He was also a great promoter of 
the linen trade. He was, when a handsome young barrister, 
niaiTied to Anne Catherine Hamilton, the eldest daughter of 
Mrs. Hamilton of Bangor, at the age of eighteen, not much to 
his mother's satisfaction. Mrs. Ward died in 1760, having sur- 
vived her hu.sband but a short time, as he died on the 17th of 
May preceding. — Ibid. 

i Bernard Ward, the only son of Judge Ward, succeeded him 
at Castleward, and was member for the County of Down, from 
1745 till 1770, wlien he was made a Peer by George III., luider 
the title of Baron Castleward and Viscount Bangor. He built 
the present house at Castleward. His wife was Lady Anne Bligh, 
the eldest daughter of John, first Earl of Darnley, and the widow 
of Robert Hawkins Magill, of Gill Hall, in the County of Down, 
to whom she was not more than four or five years married, when 
he died at Seaforde, during a great hunting party, at which most 
of the gentleii.en of the County were assembled. As he had been 
member for the Countj' of Down for twenty years, he recom- 
mended to the gentlemen to choose Bernard Ward as his successor. 
Mr. Ward not only succeeded him in his seat for the County, but 
married his Svidow, also, in about three years after his death. 
Lord and Lady Bangor had a very large family, but her ladyship 
fancied during the last fifteen years of her life, to withdraw her- 
.self frrm them all, and to live at Bath, vi'here she died in 1789, 
having survi^ ed Lord Bangor eight years. He died in 1781, 
leaving three ions surviving him. 

§ This Roger Hall was married on 10th September, 1740, to 
Catherine, only daughter of Rowland Savage, Esq., of Porta- 
ferry, and was grandfather of the late Roger Hall, Esq., of 
Narrow-water Castle. 

II Second son of Bernard Ward, first Viscoimt Bangor, and 
father of Edward, third Viscoimt. He died in 1812. 

^ The following account of this election is taken from a series 
of most interesting " Reminiscences of the Last Century," by the 
late Aynsworth Pilson, Esq., which appeared from time to time in 
the Doivnpatrick Recorder Newspa,peT: — "In the latter part of the 
century, a Whig Club was formed in the county of Down, which 
comprised many of the leading gentlemen of the county. Some 
of its most distinguished members were— Robert, Lord London- 
derry ; Robert, Viscount Castlereagh ; Edward, Baron de Clif- 
ford ; Sir John Blackwood, Bart. ; Hon. Edward Ward ; Hon. 
Robert Ward ; Gawn Hamilton, Esq. ; Francis Needham, Esq.; 
Matthew Forde, sen., Esq. ; Matthew Forde, jun., Esq.; William 
Sharman, Esq. ; Arthur Johnston, Esq. ; John Crawford, Esq. ; 
Nicholas Price, Esq. ; Simon Isaac, Esq.; Eldred Pottinger, 
Esq., &c. This club signalised itself in 1790, by an active and 
energetic support in favour of the Hon. Edward Ward, and the 
Hon. Robert Stewart, in the great contest for the representation 
of the county, against Arthur, Earl of Hillsborough ; which 
contest began on the 1st of May, 1790, and was maintained for 
three months, Mr. Stewart being under age at the commence- 
ment of the poll, but he gained his majority before its termina- 
tion. Mr. Ward retired before its conclusion, soon after which 
Lord Hillsborough and the Hon. Mr. Stewart were declared duly 
elected by Colonel M'Leroth, the then High-sheriflf and returning 
officer. Ribbons, flags, and other insignia of party were pro- 
fusely displayed. The colours of Ward and Stewart were buff 
and h\ae, and the party called the ' Junction.' The colour 
assumed by Lord Hillsborough was orange. Ribbons worn on 
the breast and the motto ' Ward and Stewart ' impressed in 
silver foil, andthelikeby the party of Lord Hillsborough inscribed 
in the same manner with ' Hillsborough,' together with cock- 
ades of their respective colours, were generally displayed. The 
Whig Club held its meetings, from time to time, and ha^^ng 
assumed a political character, some of the principles of which 
were reform in the parliamentary representation, the exclusion 
of place-men and pensioners from the House of Commons, and the 
non-interference of Peers in parliamentary elections. Tliese, with 
some other points, formed the elementary principles of the club. 
Mr. Gawn Hamilton took a prominent part in its deliberations, 
and occasionally })resided at its meetings. Mr. Hamilton's re- 
fined manners and courteous disposition, together with his ad- 
vanced years, claimed ior him that deference which was so justly 
accorded to him. He was chiefly attached to field sports, — kept a 
fine stud, with other requirements of rural occupation and amuse- 
ments. He was greatly beloved by his tenantry and neighbours ; 
and many sons of the yeomanry were called after his name." 



Of the Children op the Six Brethren, their Marriages, Children, and other 


1. My Lord Claneboy being dead, his only son, James,' came upon the estate, having, before his 
father's death, married one Honble. Lady Anne Carey, daughter to the Earl of Monmouth,'' in 
England, who had borne to him a son, nam'd James, before his father's death, as afterwards a 
daughter, nam'd Jane, and two sons, Henry and Hans. This lady, as she was naturally very 

/ * Second Viscount Claneboy e, wag created (by Privy 
i Seal at Oxford, 4th March, 1M6, and by Patent at Dublin, 
7th June, 1647) Earl of Clanbrassil, in the County of 
Armagh. — See copy of his Patent given in the Irish Lords' 
Journals, p. 93. 

t This was Henry Carey, the second Earl, and eldest 
soil of Kobert, the first Earl of Monmouth, who, upon the 
death ot Elizabeth, on the morning of the 24th of March, 
1603, rode to Edinburgh from London in three days and 
two nights, and arrived there before midnight on the 26th 
of Miirch, four days before the message from the Privy 
Council, and was the first person to announce to King 
James his accession to the throne of England, producing 
and presenting to his Majesty " the sapphire ring," which 
his sister, Lady Scroope, had thrown out of the window to 
him, as he stole out of Eichmond Palace, the gates being 
shut, by order of the Privy CouQcil, on the Queen's death, 
to prevent their own announcement of that event being anti- 
cipated. This sapphire ring was sent by Sir James Ful- 
lerton to Lady Scroope, with positive orders to return it 
to King James, by a special messenger, as soon as the 
Queen actually expired. Lady Scroope had no oppor- 
tunity of delivering it to her brother Robert whilst he was 
in the Palace of Richmond ; but, waiting at the window till 
she saw him at the outside of the gate, she threw it out to 
him, and he well knew to what purpose he received it. 
, The second Earl of Monmouth was brought up with the 
j Duke of York, afterwards Charles I ; and was a great suf- 
ferer by the civil wars. He had two sons — Lionel, who 
was killed at Marston Moor, and Henry, who also died 
before him ; and eight daughters, of whom the eldest, 
Lady Ann Carey, married James, Earl of Clanbrassil, in 
1635. At his death, in 1661, the title became extinct, and 
he was buried at Rickmansworth, in Hertfordshire, where 
a monument was erected to his memory. 

The following letter, which has been found among the 
family papers, would appear to be written by her father, 
the Earl of Monmouth, to the Countess of Clanbrassil, 

his daughter, about two years before the Earl of Clanbras- 
sil's death. She survived him, and afterwards married Sir 
Robert Maxwell, of Waringstown, in the County of Down, 
Bart., and died in 1688 :— 

"December, the 6th, 1657. 

" My deaee Nan, — I writ to you in my last that your 
mother had beene to wayte upon my Lady Fleetewood in 
relation to your business, and yt missing of her yn, she re- 
solved to visit her some 3 days after ; but shee was brought 
to bed, I think, ye next day after, so it was not civill for 
my wife to make her first visit of compliments till yester- 
day, wd she then did ; and, that being over, ye next {■w<^^, 
God wUling, shall be very shortly) shall be in your con- 
cernment. God give a blissing to it, I beseech Him. I 
can promise no great good yiein to myself, considering 
how the cavallyers are of late much more severely perse- 
cuted than y«y have beene yet. One day's edickt comes 
forth for ye payment of ye 10th part of yey^ reall estate 
yearly, and ye 15th part of yejr personaU estate towards 
ye raising of a new Militia ; an oy«r day's edickt silenceth 
all our late King's ministers, not suffering yen' eyer to 
preach, marry, nor baptise ; not to teach scoole, nor so 
much as to be chapleyns in any privat men's houses — and 
yis reaches to all yt were ministers in our late King's tyme. 
Ye next news W^ (as yey say) we are to heare is, y* all such 
as have served ye King in yese late wars, and have not £100 
per annum land, or £1,500 personall estate, shall bee sent 
to Jamico ; and y^, tho it be bee not yet come forth, is so 
true as S^'. Edward Sidnahm brought a copy of ye ordi- 
nance, as I am informed, 3 days agoe to Salsbury House. 
But ye best is, y* though our orthodox ministers' mouths 
bee stopt, ye Jews' mouths, yough not yeyre eyes, are to be 
opened, whoe, as I heare, are to have two sinagoges allowde 
yem in London, whereof Paul's to be one. Well, my hart, 
God's will must be done, and wee must submit unto it. 
But, as for your businesse, assure your selte all shall be 
done in it yt may bee, and yen, when we shall have done our 
dutyes, we must leave the event to God ; whoe y* Hee may 
please to blis you and all yours, and comfort all afliicted 
Christians, is ye prayer of your ever loving father, 

" Monmouth. 

" For the Countesse of Clanbrassill at Killileagh." 
[" Let yis letter be left w^^ Mr. William Dixon, at his 
house, in Skinner's Row, at Dublin."] 


handsome, and witty, so, by education and industry, became a woman extraordinary in knowledge, 
virtue, and piety My Lord was, of necessity, engaged in the war against the Irish, and was 
therein very laborious, with a very good measure of both dexterity and courage, being effectually 
assisted by many of his kinsmen and tenants, and much straitened in his estate, whilst a great 
part of it was wasted by the war, and the remainder under great burthens, not only by maintain- 
ing and quartering of the army then on foot, but also supporting many of the Protestants that 
fled from the upper country.' In the year 1648, he judg'd it his duty to join himself and his 

I Lady Fleetwood, mentioned in the foregoing letter, was 
I wife of Charles Fleetwood, who had married— first, Fran- 
' ces, the daughter of Thos. Smith, of Winston, Norfolk, by 
whom he had three children ; but this lady being dead, he 
was fixed upon by Cromwell, from political motives, to 
marry Bridget, his eldest daughter, the widow of Ireton. 
Soon after he became his son-iu-law, the Protector nomi- 
nated him Commander-in-Chief of the forces in Ireland, 
when he was also invested with commissionership for the 
civil department, and afterwards became Lord Deputy. 

c The following passages are extracted from the Montg . 
MSS., as not only giving a more detailed account of the 
part which Earl James took in the war then going on in 
Ulster with the Parliamentary arms, but as containing a 
very comical personal anecdote related of him in connexion 
with it : — 

" And now our Vise*. [Montgomery], and the Earl of 
Clanbrassil, Sir J[amesl M[ontgomery], Sir Geo. Moore, 
and the rest of the Scotish nation, being apprehensive 
(especially the officers under their command were) of 
being served by Monck in the same way as he had done to 
the Scottish army, and that the King's party in Ulster 
would be shortly wholly ruined ; therefore, his LoP, a prin- 
cipal actor, and Sir J. M. (as one chief contriver), and 
the persons afores<i, made up a friendship with the Presbi- 
tarian ministers, who stirred up the commonality against 
the Sectarians (for so they called their late dear brethren^, 
and by their advice the Solemn League and Covenant was 
renewed, and, by universal desire of all sorts, his Lop. was 
chosen Gen' of all the forces in Ulster, and his Majesty 
Charles the 2nd. was proclaimed King, in Newtown. ♦ * 
Now, our Ld Vise* (Geu' of Ulster), making a numerous 
party, and declaring for the King, rendezvouzed an army, 
and expelled Monck, who retired to Dundouald with his 
adherents, and they made friendship with Owen Roe 
O'NeO, aforesd; S^ Chas. Coote (President of Connaught) 
being with a strong garrisson at that time in Londonderry, 
holding the same, and Connaught for the Parliament: as 
these affairs took up many months, and the K. was then at 
Breda, treating with Com"^ from Scotland, and being ad- 
vertised of his Lop's actions for him, and praying his au- 
thority to proceed therein, his Majesty sent him his Com'i 
to be Gen. of all the forces in Ulster who owned his right 
to the Crown, with divers powers therein, &c. * But I 
must return to some remarkable passages after the said 

surprise of CaiTickfergus : — Col. Monck, returning from 
Colerain, which was surrendered to him the same Sept., 
1648, he sent Major Genl. Robert Monro, prisoner to the 
Parliament, wh committed him to the Tower of London. 
Col° Monck thus done, called a general council of war, of 
all the Brb Colos, L* Coio^, and Majors, to meet at Lisna- 
garvy, his head-quarters, in Oct^, 1648, to satisfy them of 
his doings, and to consult with them of the future safety, 
and proceedings ; but, in truth, with the design of sending 
over more officers prisoners the same way. Our Vise* (by 
advice of his uncle, (S'' J. M.) and also the Earl of Clan- 
brassil, (by the like advice of his friends), stayed at home, 
upon their guard against the like surprise, and wrote their 
several excuses, sending some field officers, (well cautioned 
and instructed) to represent, &c., for their respective regi- 
mes, S"" J. M. went out also to find out what intrigues he 
could learn, telling his Ld and nephew, he feared much of 
his being snap'd, and undoubtedly believed his LoP. the 
chiefest person aimed at, to be ensnared by his appearance 
(should he be at that coui't-martial), and it was better him- 
self should venture his liberty and life, than his LoP, and 
the King's cause should sufi'er by any circumvention ag* his 
LoP''' person ;'and, as it was guessed, so it happened, for the 
court being sat, and the two lords' letters of excuse read, 
S"^ J. M. speaking to the same purpose, was, by order of 
Col" Monck, made prisoner ; but he giving Col" Conway, 
and others, bondsmen for his appearance before the Com- 
mittee of Parliament, sitting in Darby-house, in London, 
he had leave to return home and settle his own and nephew 
Savage of Portaferry's affairs, and to prepare tor his 
journey. About the same time S^' Robert Stewart, who 
kept the fort ot Culmore, w^" commanded the passage by 
water to Derry, was trepanned into a visit and chiisteniug 
of his friend's child, in the town of Derry, and Col" Audley 
Mervin was also insidiously taken, and both of them sent 
by sea, prisoners to England. So the maskfellof Monck's 
face, and our Vise*, with the Earl of Clanbrazil, were upon 
their guard still, and the Lagan forces headed by S' 
Alex. Stewart, Bart, ('who sided with the Covenanters), was 
also upon his guar-d, having a strong party out of S"^ 
Robert Stewart's and Col" Mervin's reg*^ joining him ; for 
it now plainly apjieared, that Col" Monck would not rest at 
his breaking the Scotch reg*^ who were bom in Scotland, 
but, (if he cou'd) he w"* also discard all the Bri^ officers and 
soldiers of the Scotish race, tho' born and bred in Ireland, 
which, therefore, made them cleave together the more (es- 
pecially having renewed the Covenant), both there and 
here. Tliere had long ago been great animosities between 
the families of Ardes and Claueboys, by reason of the law- 


forces (so many as would adhere to hira) -with, tlie Duke of Ormond, in the pacification made with 
the Irish, and in opposition to the Parliament's army, then in Ireland ; in which course the Duke 
and he, with ail their adherents, were suddenly suppressed by the Parliament's army,** and he was 

suits which the first had against the latter ; aud the occa- 
sion of them (tho' partly i-emoved before A". I(j39) was not 
fully taken away as yet ; but a cessation began, A" 1641, 
when Daniel O'Neil gave the s^ disturbance against them 
both, and then those animosities were laid in a deep sleep 
by the Irish rebellion, and the deaths of our 2d Viscount 
[Montgomery] and of the first Lord Claneboys ; for, inter 
urma silent leges. The hardships also wi» our third Viscount 
[Montgomery] and the first Earle of Clanbrassill were now 
like to undergo from Monk, and which they actually and 
jointly suffered from the usurpers, who aimed at the total 
destruction of both their families, had totally mortified and 
bulged those differences between those interwoven neigh- 
bours, and had made them good friends, as they were 
fellow-sufferers in one cause ; so, that the last two named 
lords often met on divers affairs, both publicly and pri- 
vately, eat and drank together, without jealousy or 
grudging to one another. It happened, in the time when 
consultation and strict union was most needful against 
Monck, that the Eaiie of Clanbrazil stayed with our Viscount 
all night in Newtown-House ; the Earl had taken medicine 
en°^ against fleabitings, but (as the story goes) was abused, 
or rather affronted, by a spirit (they called them 
' Brooneys' in Scotland, and there was one of them, in 
the appearance of an hairy man, which hanted Dunskey 
Castle, a little before our first Viscount [Montgomery] 
hot it and Portpatrick lands from Sr Robert Adair, Kut.) ; 
which spirit was not seen in any shape, or to make a noise 
or play liicks, during any of our lords' times. But it 
pleased his devilship (that night, very artificially,) to tear 
off the Earle of Clanbrazil's Holland shirt from his body, 
without disturbing his rest ; only left on his Lop the 
wristbands of his sleeves, and the coUar of the shirt's neck, 
as they were tyed with ribband when he went to bed. The 
Earle awaking, found himself robbed of his shirt, and lay 
as close as an hare in her form, till Mr, Hans (afterwards 
S"^ Hans Hamilton), thinking his Lop had lain and slept 
long enough to digest his histemum craimlum, knocked at 
the door, and his Lop calling him, he went in, and his LoP 
showing him his condition, prayed one of his shirts to re- 
lieve him in that extremity, bidding him shut the door 
after him, and to discharge servants to come at him 'til 
alter his return ; and, having put on the shirt w'' he was 
to biing him, his Lop said, ' Cozen Hans, I w'i rather £100 
than my brothers Monf^. of Ardes shouii hear of this ad- 
venture, and therefore conceal it ;' which was done till his 
Lop was three miles off. But the further mishap was, that 
Mr- Hamilton had no shirt clean but an Holland half shirt, 
that being then in fashion to be worn above the night 
shirts, wb did not reach his Lop's navel; but, having got on 
his breeches and doublit, with Mr. Hamilton's help (for 
Ms LoP was excessively fat), his servants were let in and 
dressed him ; and his Lop having called for the chamber- 
pot (now called in taverns a looking-glass, for reasons I 
know), his Lop found his shirt admirably wrapt up and 
stuffed therein ; but his servants were enjoyned silence, 

and his LoP came to the parlour, where his brother, the 
lA of Ardes (as he called him) attended his Lop. They 
took a morning draught and dined ; alter which his Lop 
went to Carnaseure, near Comer, the habitation of one of 
his capta. and cousin, called, also, Hans Hamilton, and, 
telliag him his misadventure, had a long shirt, which he 
put on, aud so went to his Countess at Killileagh. All I 
shall remark on this event is, that I presume to think that 
his LoP would not, for the hundred pounds he spoke of, 
have stayed another night (tho' he was heartily entreated); 
for he understood not ' Brooney's ' manner of fighting, 
tlio' himself had learned in France to fence with a cd cd et 
le pour ])ont has; as (himself did often say) he was taught 
and did in his travels."— J/oft^r/. MSS., pp. 209 to 213 

^ If the meaning of the foregoing passage be. that Or- 
mond (then a Marquis, and not a Duke, as stated in the 
MS.,) was personally present at the battle in which the 
Earl of Clanbrassil was defeated, it will be seen from the 
following authorities that the writer was mistaken in this, 
although Ormond sent him a reinforcement under the com- 
mand of Daniel O'Neill and Colonel Mark Trevor, but it 
arrived too late (see 2 Cartes Letters, 418) : — 

Monro, having burned Antrim, and Lisburn, had joined 
Lords Clanbrassil and Montgomery in the County otDown; 
and, in expectation of a reinforcement from Ormond, they 
were preparing to attack Venables at Belfast, with the view 
of relieving the garrison at Carrickfergus, before its final 
surrender into his hands. Coote and Venables, apprised 
of their plans, met them on " the plains of Lisnegarvey," 
at a place called Lisnestrain, not far from Lisburn. On 
the 6th of December, 1649, the engagement took place, 
when the Royalists, led on by Lords Clanbrassil and Mont- 
gomery, and their horse by Sir George Munro, were de- 
feated, and totally dispersed. Many inferior officers, and 
nearly a thousand men were slain ; and their baggage, 
arms, aud ammunition were taken. MoDro fled to Charle- 
mont, and thence to Enniskilleu, and the Lords Clan- 
brassil and Montgomery with difficulty escaped, and joined 
Ormond in the South.— 1 Reid, 224. The particulars of 
this decisive engagement are only to be found in a small 
pamphlet entitled, " Two letters from William Basil, Esq., 
Attorney-General of Ireland ; one to the Right Hon, John 
Bradshaw, Lord President of the Council of State, the 
other to the Right Honourable William Lenthal. Esq., 
Sneaker of the Parliament of England, of a great victory 
obtained by the Parliament's forces in the North of Ire- 
land, on the plains of Lisnegarvey, &c., with a relation of 
the taking of Drumcree (in Ai-magh), and of the surrender 
of Carrickfergus upon articles,"— printed at London, 1649. 
At the end of the first letter, which is dated from Dublin, 
December 12, 1649, is the following postscript, giving a 
summary of the whole affair: — " This night Col. Cliidley 
Coote is come to town, with letters from his brother, the 
Lord President. The substance of his brother's letters. 


necessitated, for his life and estate, to undergo the fine of £9,000 Stg. to the Common-wealth of 
England ; ' by reason of all which he was necessitated to contract a great deal of debt upon his 

and his own relation, is briefly thus : — The Scotch Lords 
and George Monro fell into the Claneboys with 4,000 men; 
and on the 5th of this instant the enemy drew out their 
army, and would have fought, but our party, wanting some 
horse, forbade to engage. The next day the enemy drew 
off, and our army, following them, sent out a forlorn hope 
of 200 men, the horse commanded by Captain Dunbar, of 
Sir Theophilus Jones his regiment, and the foot by Major 
Gore, of the Lord President's regiment; the 200 men fell 
upon the rear of the enemy, and, before the army could 
come up, with the loss of one corporal and two private 
soldiers, routed the whole army, of whom were slain in 
their place a thousand men. The President writes : — And 
a party of horse, commanded the nearest way to the Black- 
water, to stay that pass, slew 400 more there, where George 
Munro saved himself by swimming." 

In " Whitelocke's Memorials of the English Affairs from 
Charles I. to the Restoration," the following account is 
given of the affair : — 

" Deer. 25, 1649. — Christmas Day, the House sat, and 
letters came from Chester, that, from the North of L-eland, 
they understood that about 4,000 horse and foot of the 
enemy, who came to relieve Carrickfergus, were routed by 
Sir Charles Coot and Colonel Venables ; that the Msh 
were commanded by Monroe, the Lord of the Ardes, and 
the Earl of Claneboy ; that 1,000 of them were killed, and 
500 horse taken, and but 200 of the Parliament's forces did 
fight ; that Claneboy was slain, or sunk in a bog, being 
corpulent, and Colonel Montgomery, and Colonel Hamilton, 
taken prisoners. Other letters of the defeating of the Lord 
of Ardes, Claneboy, and Monroe, by Sir Charles Coot and 
Colonel Venables ; that they took all their arms, ammu- 
nition, bag, and baggage, killed Colonel Henderson, and 
1,400 more. Colonel Hamilton, and most of-the foot oiScers; 
that the horseman lost their horses, and betook themselves 
to bogs ; that the English lost but one corporal and thi-ee 

''Deer. 26. — Other letters confirming the victory of, 
against the Lord of Ardes and the rest, and that it was 
done by only 20(i, who were sent out as a forlorn, and fell 
upon the rear of the enemy, who fell into disorder, and 
were whoUy routed by these 200 only." 

" Deer. 31.— That the slaughter in the North was greater 
than at first reported ; that the Earl of Claneboy was not 
slain, but rendered himseK prisoner to mercy — White- 
locke's Mem., p. 435. 

The following brief account of it is also given in the 
Montg. MSS., p. 217 :— 

" Our third Viscount [Montgomery], with his few loyal 
followers and adherents, and the Earle of Clanbrasil, with 
his men (all that were preaching-prool) ; their Lop^ kept 
their forces together, and being personally present (as they 
were afterwards with Ormond), and by their example en- 
couraging their soldiers, were routed at Lisnestrain (as it 
■was sd, by Sir Geo. Munro's mismanacjement near Lisne- 
garvey afores^,) by S^ Cha^. Coote and a party of 0. C.'s 

army ; Clanbrasill, with some flying horse, and his castle 
of Killileagh still standing out, he resorted to Ormond." — 
See also " A letter from the Attorney of L-eland concern- 
ing the taking of the towne of Wexford by storme, on the 
11th of October last, with some other intelligence from the 
North and South of Ireland," printed at London, 26 Octo- \ 

ber, 1649, in which it is said, " We are now possessed of all 
the North, saving Knockfergus, Colraine, and Killileagh." 

Killileagh Castle was not taken by the Eepublicans till \ 

the month of December following, when it was partly de- 
molished, but it was afterwards substantially repaired, in 
1666, by Henry, second Earl of Clanbrassil, when the se- 
cond round tower was added to the front of it, which was 
not in existence when the sketch of it was made in the 
Clandeboye map of 1625-6 (which will be found copied 
into the third volume of the Ulster Arclimological Journal, 
p. 144); and it was, with the exception of the two round 
towers, completely rebuilt in 1850, by its then proprietor, 
the late Archibald Rowan Hamilton, Esq., as shewn at 
p. 149 of the same volume. \ 

" " Our third Viscount [Montgomery] stayed with the I 

Marquis [of Ormond], and was included among the Pro- | 

tes'^ (as the Earl of Clanbrassil also was) with wHom O. j 

C. made capitulations for their coming home, and peaceably | 

living there without deserting the realm or acting ags' the I 

Parliamt, and for being adm** to their estates upon com- ] 

position money to be pd by them as the Pari* should think I 

fit ; w'' done, 0. C. went to Engd, in winter, 1649, leaving I 

Ireton to attend the blockade of Limerick, to w^i the Irish j 

had retired for their last refuge to obtain conditions of 1 

peace. The Marquis of Ormond went to wait on the K. 
(CHs the id)."— Mont. MSS., p, 218, 9. ; 

A declaration, or proclamation, was published by " the j 

Commissioners for the settling and securing the Province i 

of Ulster," dated at Carrickfergus the 23d of May, 1653, ' 

specifying the conditions on which it was proposed to 
transplant the leading Presbyterians in the Counties of 
Down and Antrim to certain districts in Leinster and i 

Munster, which was accompanied with a list of 260 persons 
(including Lord Claneboye), who, by their known attach- 
ment to monarchical and Presbyterian principles, and by 
their station or influence, were most obnoxious to the i 

reigning faction, who were required, within a specified 
time, and under certain penalties, to embrace the terms so , 

offered. A copy of these proposals of the commissioners 
for effecting this extensive revolution in the population 
and property of a great part of Ulster is printed in the se- j 

cond volume of Heid's Presbyterian History, p. 272 ; and : 


estate, and so lived with his family in a mucli lower * than his father had done in 

his time. His son James, a very hopefuU youth for parts, temper, piety, and other good improve- 

in the Appendix to the same vol. p. 492. Immediately after 
the publication of this proclamation, preliminary steps 
were taken during the summer towards effecting the pro- 
posed transplantation. 

" Bat matters in England being in a'continual unsettled- 
ness through Cromwell's driving on his design for his own 
advancement to the supreme government, and the opposi- 
tion of many in the army, wholly against the government 
being settled on any single person, this motion of the 
Grovemors here in Ireland had no bottom to rest upon, 
and, therefore, their project of transplanting the Scotch 
into Tipperary, did evanish within a little time ; and the 
ministers and people in this country began to have a quiet 
calm for all the former storms which they had endured." 
— Adair's Narrative, hy Dr. Killeti, p. 202. 

The Earl of Clanbrassil was included among the Protes- 
tants with whom the Protector capitulated to live peaceably 
at home, and to regain their estates upon a composition 
settled by Parliament. After his estates had been seques- 
tered, and for six years and a half the profits arising from it 
had been received by Cromwell, he compounded for the fine 
mentioned in the MS., of which he paid about the half. 
The following debates in Crotnwell's Parliament in refer- 
ence to the Lords of Ardes' and Glainboise's [Claneboye's] 
estates, are extracted from Burton's Parliamentary Diary: — 

" Wednesday, Dec. 3, 1656. — An Act for settling Henry 
Whalley and Erasmus Smith in certain lands fallen to 
them by lots upon the adventures in Ireland : acres, Irish 
measure, 11,750, formerly of the Lords of Ardes, and 
Glainboise. They pretend, that one may compound, per 
the Lord Protector's ordinance ; and, that the other has 
articles of war (viz.. Lord of Ardes). It was desired, that 
these lots, being cast in first, might, notwithstanding these 
claims, be settled upon them. 

" Sir John Reynolds, and Colonel Markham, would 
have some expedient found upon committing of the Bill, to 
satisfy Judge Advocate "Whalley some other way ; for Lord 
Glainboise has compounded for these lands, according to 
the ordinance of his highness. You ought to be tender 
likewise in the articles which Lord Ai-des pretends to ; 
and hope you will iise mercy rather than rigour. 

" Mr. Scotch — Lord Glainboise hath been faithful 

to you, though he had the hap to be a little wrong, for 
which he was sequestered ; and, having compounded, if it 
be reversed, who is secured ? 

" Mr. Robinson — These adventurers ought to be specially 
respected ; for they were the first that trusted you, as that 
gentleman told you. If you be not steady, who will trust 
you ? I would rather violate the other claims, than those 
which were so much grounded upon trust and confidence 
in your cause when, it was but in its infancy. I speak it 
not for Judge Advocate Whalley, nor for Mr. Smith. I 
know him not ; but I speak for the justice and credit of 
your old cause. I would not have that trust violated, of 
all trusts whatsoever. The good old interest ought to be 
borne up. 

" Lord Lambert — Lord Glainboise did compound, and 
was to pay £10.000, which was as much, if not more, than 
the estate were worth if it were to be sold. Lord Ardes, 
by the articles, was to enjoy his estate till the Parliament 
took further notice. Now the Parliament has taken far- 
ther notice by the declaration whereby time was given for 
such persons, with theii" estates, to be gone. All parties 
have been heard, too, and again, in this last case, both 
before the Committee of Articles (who thought they had 
power to hear, but not to determine), and before his high- 
ness, and his council, who thought they had not power to 
do it. So they were transferred into Ireland, to be re- 
lieved according to the orders and ordinances of Parlia- 
ment. I would have this committed, and if you find a 
clear right in these Lords, or either of them, to their 
estates, it may be provided some other way for the adven- 
turers ; for, it may be other men's cases as well as theirs. 
But, I would have you specially tender in performing your 
trusts and credits. I know that Judge Advocate Whalley 
and Mr. Smith have taken a great deal of pains in the 

" The Master of the Rolls — If this adventure be taken 
from them which they have assigned them by lot, 
they can never resort again ; so, by this means they lose 
the whole. I care not, so it be not totally lost. It was 
youi- first faith, and it may be well called an adventure ; 
for Ireland was almost all lost when they adventured. 
' The King made himself merry,' said Luke Robinson, ' by 
saying of these adventurers, that you carved the lion's 
skin before he was dead. ' I desire that it may be com- 
mitted for the relief of the adventurers. 

" Major Waring— I am against the committing of this 
Bill, for there are other trusts and faiths to be performed, 
and other members concerned. I desire that you would 
not take one and leave another, but consider all together ; 
there are faiths of greater concernment unsatisfied. 

" Sir William Strickland, and Major-General Kelsey 
— These adventurers should be satisfied out of the composi- 
tion monies ; for you ought to take care of them that out 
of mere confidence trusted you, and to respect the justice 
of the Parliament and the army too. 

" Major Morgan— Lord Ardes' ai-ticles have been twice 
affirmed. Lord Glainboise hath done you more service 
than dis-service. I would have them repaired, but rather 
that their estates might be assigned them in some other 
part of the nation ; for, in the North, the Scotch keep up 
an interest distinct in garb and all formalities, and are 
able to raise an army of 40,000 fighting men at any time, 
which they may easily convey over into the Highlands 
upon any occasion ; and you have not so much interest in 
them as you have in the inhabitants of the Scotch nation. 
I would have the adventurers have the laud fallen to them 
by lot, and the other claimers provided for elsewhere.- 

" Resolved— That this Bill be committed in the Duchy 
Chamber to-morroyv. 

" Mr. Bamfield, and Mr. Robinson — All that serve for 
Ireland should be on this Committee. 

" Sir Gilbert Pickering, and Mr. Highland — Against 
any such distinctiou of members. It is an ill precedent, 


ments, died at 15 years of age, and his daughter in her infancy.' His * especiaUy 

by the death of his * brought him low in his disposition of mind comparatively with him- 
self in former times : he became corpulent, scorbutic, hydropic, and so decayed gradually, 'tiU at 
length he died in June, 1659.s He was naturally mild, loving, and just ; by his education humane, 

and looks not like an union. Desire that they may all be 
named, and name as many as you will, but let them not be 
exclusively added. 

" Mr. Ashe, the elder— As they sit in Parliament, they 
are not Iiishmen, but mere Englishmen. 

" Resolved— That all that serve for Ireland be of the 

" Wednesday, December 24, 1656.— Sir William Strick- 
land reported the amendments from the Committee, to 
whom the biU was referred for settling upon Judge Advo- 
cate Whalley and Mr. Erasmus Smith lands in Ireland, 
fallen to them by lot as adventui-ers there. Lord Ardes' 
and Lord Glainboise's lands were fallen by lot to the said 
adventui-ers ; but the Committee reported that other lands 
are set out in lieu of those lands. 

" Major-General Disbrowe, and Lord Lambert, proposed 
that they be set out by any three or; more of his high- 
ness's council, whereof the Lord Deputy to be one. 

"Mr. EoBiNSON — The amendments are quite otherwise 
than the Bill. It is a matter of great concernment. Here 
are 9,000 acres, English measure, settled upon them ; for 
Irish measures are double ; and you leave it to them to 
make their election. Surely they will not chuse the worst. 
If you give such large exhibitions, I doubt you will find 
some fall short — they that come last. Other public debts 
are to be satisfied out of Irish lands. I would have these 
gentlemen performed with to a penny, but I would have 
no more given them than is their contracts. I like not 
those general terms — ' All other advantages.' I desire it 
should either be recommitted, or put in more particular 
terms. Here are 5,000 Irish acres. 

" Sir William Strickland — I hope it is put into the hands 
of such persons as will be very faithful to you in seeing 
that no more be let out than is due. 

" Colonel Jones — By the orders of the House, the mem- 
ber concerned ought to withdraw. You must be careful in 
the measure, for you may be much mistaken in that, for 
Irish acres are double ours. 

" Mr. Attorney-General — Unless the member be ac- 
cused of some crime he need not withdraw. In such cases 
the member stands up in his seat, makes his defence, and 
then is to withdraw. 

" Major-General Bridges — There is no such difference 
in the measure, as is represented to you. 

" Major-General Goffe — Put all the amendment to the 
question to settle in the gross. 

" Resolved — That the lands be set out by three or more 
of the council, whereof the Lord Deputy and Chief 
Governor of Ireland to be one. Amendment upon amend- 

" Captain Scotten — Seeing you have left out the house 
of Portumna, I desire that you would assign them a house 
in Galloway. 

" Mr. Speaker — Pressed that a house should be assigned 

" Resolved— To agree with the Committee in all these 

" Resolved that this Bill be engrossed." 

The following extracts from the English Commons 
Journals, contain the only references to the same trans- 
action : — 

" Wednesday, the 3rd of December, 1656.— A BUI for set- 
tling Henry Whalley, and Erasmus Smith in their lands in 
Ireland, fallen to them by lot as adventurers, was this day 
read the second time, when the question, committed 
to Sir John Reynolds, Colonel Markham, Mr. Trayle, Mr. 
Robinson, Lord Lambert, Master of the RoUs, Major War- 
ing, Captain Biackwell, Colonel Rous, Mr. Lucy, Lord 
Chief Justice Glyn, Mr. Trevor, Mr. Lyster, Mr. John Ash, 
Mr. Disbrow, Major-General Kelsey, Sir. Wm. Strickland, 
Major Morgan, Alderman Foote, Alderman Drury, Mr. 
Bisse, Sir Thomas Honeywood, Mr. Downing Dr. Clergis, 
Colonel Chadwick, Colonel Weldare, Colonel Crompton, 
Colonel Beamont, Major-General Golf, Sir Theophilus 
Jones, and all that serve for Ireland, and are to meet to- 
morrow in the afternoon at two of the clock, in the Duchy 

" Wednesday, 24i7t December, 1656. — Sir William Strick- 
land reports amendments to the Bill for settling Henry 
Whalley and Erasmus Smith in lands fallen to them by lot 
in Ireland, which were twice read, and, upon the ques- 
tion, assented unto. 

" Mr. Downing tenders an additional clause to the said 
Bill, which was read the first and second time. 

" Resolved — That the blank in this clause be filled up 
with the word ' four.' 

"And the said clause so amended was, upon the question, 
assented unto. 

" Ordered — That the Bill so amended, be ingrossed." 

^ James, his eldest son, was born 7th September, 1642 ; 
died 8th May, 1658; and was buried at Rickmans worth, in 
Hertfordshire . The following is a copy of the inscription 
on his monument in Rickmansworth Church : — " Here 
lyeth the body of James Hambledon, Lord Claneboy, 
eldest son to James Earl of Clanbrassil ; born September 
7, 1642 ; deceased May 8, 1658." Jane, his only daughter, 
also died before him, and was buried beside her brother in 
Rickmansworth Church. Henry, his second son, survived 
him, and became second Earl of Clanbrassil ; and Hans, 
his third son, who also survived him, married, and died 
without issue. 

g On the 20th of June, and was buried with great splen- 
dour at Bangor, beside his father, on the 29th of July, 1659. 
The procession was made from a pavilion in the fields. — See 
a copy of his will in the appendix to this chapter. 


judicious, and complyant with his circumstances, beyond what would have been expected of one so 
highly educated, and in expectation of so great a fortune. His education and conversation inclined 
him to be Episcopal ; but he was therein very moderate, and paid a great respect to aU good per- 
sons, and was in his practice Presbyterian, and died (in the sense of all good people about him) 
very Christianly, and ordered the aflPairs of his family with great discretion and respect to the 
former transactions, whereof afterwards he testified, both living and dying, great respect to his 
kinsmen, though it fell out, after his father's death, that all his servants were strangers, and his 
relations inconversant in his affairs, greatly to his prejudice, and not a little to theirs. 

2. Of Halceaig's'' family, the eldest son, John, in his youth was neglected in his education, and, 
falling in friendship with persons above his quality and estate, spent too liberally ; upon which, on 
a time, some of his near relations (too likely for their own ends) persuaded and concurred with him 
to sell his father's purchase in Scotland,' and come to Ireland with the remainder of his money, 
where he married a gentlewoman named West, daughter to a gent, of good estate in Isle-a-Kail, 
by whom he had two daughters, Jane'' and Eachel;^ and, being employed in the war in. Ireland, 
was a captain of horse ; after some years died unfortunate by water. His natural parts were 
not contemptible, but not improved to the best advantage ; he was plentifully just, kind, and 
courageous, and left a very competent estate in Ireland with his family. 

James, the 2nd brother, was bred in his youth to merchandize in Scotland ; but, disliking that 

h Archibald Hamilton, of Halcraig, or Barrage, in the 
County of Lanark, Esq., eldest brother of James, first Visct. 
Claneboy. — See appendix to this chapter. 

'■ The following letter from Lord Claneboye to his cousin, 
Gawin Hamilton, of Raplock, would shew that he was 
surety for some of those debts which his nephew, John, of 
Halcraig, had contracted in Scotland, and on account of 
which he was obliged to sell his father's purchase there : — 

" Noble Cosen, — I am sorry to hear the bad successe 
w* you have had for the sale of Halcraig. I could do no 
more than for my part to performe what I undertook, Wii 
I have done and more, and w<=^ I wold never have done 
one jott of, if I had not conceaved assured hopes of the 
performance of all the parts yi<'^ was then confidently 
assumed unto me, whereof, except what I did myself, 
I hear not of anything that is done for him, wet I 
can but regret, and mine own mishapp, that paretaken 
on the moneys w«ii I paid for him, and yet owe them and 
pay consideration for them, and he notwithstanding never 
a whitt the better. It is told me that he hath made over 
the absolute estate of Halcraig to yourself and Sheiles, w"** 
if it be so, I am confident that you and he, in your loves to 
that man, and respects to your owne reputacons, will give a 
proof how tender you are of his standing : I wiU speak to 
James, of Ballewalter, as you desire ; but, believe it, he is 

of himself carefull and painfull, and the moneye come not 
in here so readily and so soon as there ; besides John's 
rents are fetched, as you know, from the Countie of Cavan, 
w<''» is ill provyded in money : I shall also speak to John 
to the efi'ect Wch you desire. I shall have a care of the Black 
Laird's money to send it, seeing it is desired to be brought 
in. Sheiles doth write to me to buy Arch<i's- lands here. I 
am not for buying of any land at all, when yon and other 
friends stand ingadged for my debts there, w«'> in credit 
and conscience is to be my first purchase to redeeme you 
out of. And, good Cosen, if theis advises and conclusions, 
^ch ijy you all were laid downe here, hold not, I am putt 
out of all farther advise for matters in that kingdome, to 
the afifairs of w<:ii God knoweth I am a meer stranger. This 
is more than I liave written to any w'** mine owne hand 
this long time, being much payned with a megrim. Comend 
me to your lady, whom, wti> Archd- and the rest, I 
comend to God's favours, being your afi'ectionate Cosen to 
serve you. " J. Claneboye. 

" 27 Aprill, 1632." 

This letter, which has been found among the family 
papers, is endorsed thus in Lord Claneboye' s handwriting 
— " Copy of my answer to Eaploch, concerning Halcraig, 

^ Who married WiUiam Hogg, Esq. 

» Who married John Stevenson, Esq., 


employment, came to Ireland, and was very kindly entertained by his uncle, my Lord Claneboy, 
who had a great esteem of him ; kept him much about himself for a time, and then made him a 
captain of foot, wherein he behaved very vigilantly and courageously in all the time of the war of 
Ireland ; and thereafter married Agnes Kennedy, daughter to Sir Kennedy, of Colane, in 

Carick, by whom he had two daughters which came to age," besides some others which died young. 
He lived upwards of sixty years, and died at his own house; ° was creditably buried, and much 
lamented.! He was naturally judicious, and sagacious ; was diligent in prosecuting his affairs ; and, 
in the whole course of his time, very sober, and pious, though unfortunate in falling upon some 
affairs that occasioned great trouble and expense to him by lawsuits ; nevertheless, left a competent 
estate with his wife and children, which survived him. 

Archibald, the 3rd brother, being on the road of improvement by learning, was withdrawn into 
y' war of Ireland, in which he soon appeared to be extraordinary for strength, courage, and conduct ; 
in a short time he was advanced to be captain of horse, and was always valued much above his 
station. He joined with my Lord in the Association, from the singular respect he bore to him and 
others. In a skirmish at Dromore, one of his thigh bones was broken by a shot ; he was taken 
prisoner, and carried to Lisnagarvy, where he soon after died of his wounds, being very honour- 
ably treated and buried by his enemies, who honoured him highly as a very gallant gentleman. 
His natural parts were very great ; in a short time he gave proof of great solidity in judgment, 
courage, strength, and dexterity ; plentifuU of natural affection to all his relations ; was a great 
honorer of all worthy and religious persons, and was himself really such. He regretted much the 
last step of his actions, joining in the Association, as being therein a slave to that which is counted 
honor, but a rebel to his conscience, and the public good of the nation. At his death he evidenced 
great magnanimity, patience, and true Christian submission, with faith in God, through Jesus 
Christ. He was greatly lamented by all good people, especially his near relations, and greatly 
honoured of all that knew or heard of him. 

Gawin," the 4th, and William,? the 5th, brothers, being yet alive, I shall only now say of them, as 
their education guided them to be of different employments, the first in the way of soldiery, the last 
in the practical part of the law, especially in and of Scotland, it will be generally allowed that they 
deserve a creditable esteem of all wise and honest men. All I shall now say of them is, they have 
shewn great integrity to their profess'd principles, both by doing and suffering, without tergiver- 

m Rose, wife of William Fairlie Esq. ; and Anne, wife Archibald Hamilton, Esq., Connty Armagh, in 1683, and 

of Hans Stevenson, Esq. died in October, 1703. 

° At Neilsbrook, in the County of Antrim. p William Hamilton, Esq., of Killileagh. He died nn- 

" See page 43 ante. He married Anne, daughter of married and without issue. His will is dated 1716. 


sation, or complying with contrary courses, tho' sometimes under great temptations, to tte great 
destruction of profits and honours they might have had. As it hath fallen out, in the course of 
their time, and way of their business, that they have been conversant in affairs with all ranks of 
persons, from the highest to the lowest, and many in all ranks, for these many years by * 
and in matters of great moment, I never heard they gave cause of offence or complaint to any at 
any time, but that they were generally and deservedly in good esteem with all, as well for their 
integrity as abilities, which are certainly not contemptible. Let him and other witness testify what 
shall faU out hereafter. 

Kobert, the 6th brother (now dead), had a disadvantage of being confined into attendance upon 
his aged mother and her affairs, and so fell under education much below his parts and spirit. Tho' 
thus obscured and injured, he was chosen and fit (and after trial so found) for managing the late 
Earl Henry's estate and country affairs, to the great satisfaction of all he was concerned with. He 
married a near kinswoman of the late Countess Clanbrassill, * Meredith, daughter to Sir 
* Meredith, who, as she was well descended and educated, proved a very discreet and 
pious woman.i He died without issue, leaving behind him a very good name for wisdom and piety ; 
was looked upon, by all that knew him, as eminent for natural parts, good morality, and true 
friendship, if education and opportunity had given him advantages for greater improvements. 

3. Of Ga win's' family, was first, Archibald, who, soon after his father's death, was taken by my 
Lord Claneboy under his particular inspection ; and, being found of very good parts and disposi- 
tion for learning, was kept at schools and colleges until he had imbibed all the ordinary parts of 
learning, and found to have made a very good proficiency in all. His inclinations were found to 
be to the study of the Ministry ; but, after some tryals made, upon more mature deliberation, he 
was bred to the law, at the Inns of Court, where he made very great proficiency. After a while, 
my Lord Claneboy, now become aged and less capable to stir abroad, employed him in attendance 
upon his affairs at Court in England, and some lawsuits he had then * , wherein for a 

time he proved very successfal and acceptable to my Lord, and in very good esteem with persons 
of the best stamp and quality in and about the City of London. At this time, he married a 
gentlewoman that fell through domestic society into his acquaintance, unequal to his then visible 
station, and what was expected of him, but concealed it as much as he could, especially from his 
friends, least perhaps my Lord should come to know of it, and be displeased with it. By her he 
had two sons, who soon died. This being noised abroad, came at last to my Lord's ears, and was 
highly offensive to him, insomuch that he withdrew his countenance and employment from him. 

She died 25th December, 1636. "^ Gawin Hamilton, third son of the Vicar of Dunlop.— See pages 11, and 43, ante. 



and so left him under hard circumstances, which being known, he soon was lowered in his esteem 
and acceptance at the Court and elsewhere ; and, after some time, he came to Ireland, and was 
again employ' d by Earl James about his family, with small encouragements from himself, and 
no great respect from his other friends and acquaintances ia the country. He died, in the year 
'62, not much lamented, yet .with regret of his more ingenuous and candid friends, that his latter 
end should have been so dissonant and unsuitable to his beginnings. He was of very excellent 
natural parts, and good temper, but vitiate with too much Court air, and overladen with the 
contempt and poverty he fell under by his own indiscreet management, tho' it was whispered by 
some, that my Lord dealt severely with him, and upon design (having opportunity), lest he should 
bring my Lord to an account of his intermission with that part of his father's estate that was in 
Ireland, which indeed was never enquired into, nor could be, considering the great interval of 
time, and that this man could only call him to question. 

The other' brother was James, whose youthfull education was committed and faithfully performed 
by his uncle Arch^ of Halcraig, in Scotland, 'till he had passed through all the parts of learning 
usually taught in schools and colleges in that kingdom, with great approbation. Soon after, my 
Lord Claneboy commanded his attendance upon him, with design to apply him to the care of his 
secular affairs, the which he underwent for a time with all diligence, patience, fidelity, and ac- 
ceptance with my Lord, and all the tenants of the estate, the rents whereof he received and dis- 
posed by my Lord's directions, tho' still his disposition and private diligences moved toward the 
Ministry, which he so carefully concealed, and prudently, that my Lord and his good Lady were 
never 'ware of it tiU they saw and heard him preach in the pulpit in Bangor. My Lady was pleased 
to compliment him thus : — " James, I think your gown and pulpit become you very well ; I will 
bestow the gown, and my Lord (if he will be advised by me) shall bestow the pulpit," — both 
which were soon performed by his settlement in the parish of Ballywalter. My Lord seemed 
angry, and chid him that he concealed his purpose so much from him, and so made him guilty of 
giving him so great diversion, who otherwise was disposed to nourish his pious purpose.' He mar- 

» Another brother, Kichard, is mentioned in Lord Clone- of Mr. Robert Blair, showed much tenderness and ability, 

boy's will at p. 50, ante, to whom he left £10 a year so long He being then chamberlain to the Lord Claneboy, his uncle, 

as he was in the Grammar School, and, during his bemg in Mr Blair and Mr. Cunningham, (the then minister of 

^ „ , , , , 1 , • . X- J Hollywood,) put him to private essays of his gifts, and, 

CoUege, twenty marks a year ; but, as he is not mentioned ^^.^^^ satisfied therewith, Mr. Blair mvited him to preach 

in the MS., it is probable that he did not attam his majority. publicly at Bangor, in his uncle's hearing, he knowing 

' See note at p. 36, n7ite, as to Blair's settlement at Ban- nothing till he saw him in the pulpit, (they fearing my 
gor, as minister. Shortly after, he was the means of in- ^o"^^ ^o^ld be loath to part with so faithful a servant). 
^ ' ,^-' ' .,, . .T , . . But, when my lord heard him m public, he put great re- 
ducing the above-named James Hamilton, to join the minis- spectupon him the same day, and, shortly after, entered 
try, who is described in Adair's Narrative, p. 12, as — him unto a charge at Ballywalter, where he was painful, 

" An honest and godly young man, being a daily hearer successful, and constant, notwithstanding he had many 


ried a gentlewoman, Eliz*^- Watson, daughter to Mr. David "Watson, Minister of Killeavy, near 
Newry, who was placed with the noble Lady Claneboy for her improvement's sake. He had by her 
15 children, tho' none came to maturity, but one son (Archd.)," and three daughters, Jane, Mary, and 
Elizt'^- He was continued in that station ten years, until, by the rigiditys of my Lord Wentworth, 
and the then Bishop of Derry (Eramhall), new terms of Church Communion, to be sworn to, were 
imposed upon the whole Church of Ireland, whereunto he could not submit, and upon the account 
whereof he sustained a public dispute with the then Bishop of Down, Henry Lesly, before several 
noblemen, many gentlemen, and the whole clergy of the diocese, with many others from both town 
and country ."^ To this dispute came Bp- Bramhall, whose courage was evidently supercilious and 

temptations to follow promotion, but was graciously pre- 
served from these baits, ami made a successful instrument 
in the work of Christ in these parts." 

Blair thus describes him : — 

"Being satisfied with his gifts, I invited him to preach 
in my pulpit, in his iincle's hearing, who, till then, knew 
nothing of this matter ; for, Mr. Hamilton, having been his 
uncle's chamberlain, and chief manager of his affairs, we 
were afraid the Viscount would not part with so faithful a 
servant. But he, having once heard his nephew, did put 
more respect on him than ever before. Shortly there- 
after (about the year 1625^, Mr. Hamilton was ordained 
(by Bishop Echlin) to the holy ministi-y at Ballywalter, 
where he was both diligent and successful, and notwith- 
standing he had many temptations to espouse episcopacy, 
and might easily have obtained promotion in that way, yet 
the Lord did graciously preserve him from being ensnared 
with those baits, and made him very instrumental in pro- 
moting His work." — Blair's Life. 

Livingston, also describes him as "a learned and diligent 
man," and adds, that " his gift of preaching was rather 
doctrinal than exhortatory." — Livinr/stone's Life. 

" This Archibald was long a leading minister in the Pres- 
byterian Church in Ireland. He was ordained at Benburb, 
about the year 1668 ; thence he was removed to Armagh, 
in 1673 ; and finally, in 1693, to KiUinchy, where he died 
in 1699.— 2 Beid, 49. 

^ Henry Leslie, the new Bishop of Down and Connor, 
held his Primary Visitation at Lisburn, in the month of 
July (1636), and, agreeably to the orders of the late con- 
vocation, he required from his clergy their subscription 
of the canons. On this occasion, five of the ministers 
refused to comply, and assigned their reasons. These 
were Mr. Brice, of Broadisland, Mr. Eidge, of Antrim, 
Mr. Cunningham, of Holywood, Mr. Colvert, of Oldstone, 
and Mr. Hamilton, of Ballywalter. The Bishop, im- 
pressed with the importance of retaining these men in 
the Church, of which they were among the most zealous 
and influential ministers, held on this occasion a private 
conference with them, in the hope of inducing them to 

relincLuish their scruples, and promise conformity to the 
canons. This attempt, however, proving ineffectual, he 
was urged by Bishop Bramhall, to proceed forthwith to 
their deposition. He accordingly summoned his clergy 
to meet him in the church at Belfast, on the tenth of 
August. The Bishop opened the business of this me- 
morable Visitation by preaching from the ominous text — 
" But if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto 
thee as an heathen man and a pubKcan." — Matt, xviii. 17. 
See the first vol. of BeiiVs Presbyterian History, pp. 188 to 
193, where the substance of the sermon is given ; and 
the author adds, — 

"This characteristic discourse being ended, the five 
nonconforming ministers were called forward. The 
Bishop complained, that the result of his former confi- 
dential conference with them having been misrepresented, 
and the victory in point of argument attributed to them, 
he would not again converse with them in private ; but 
he now proposed to debate the matter openly in the 
church on the following day, when he would defend all 
that was required by the canons. This offer was at once 
accepted by the brethren; and, Mr. Hamilton, who had 
been a member of the convocation, was appointed by 
them to conduct the conference in their name. Accord- 
ingly, on Thursday, the eleventh of August, this singular 
and interesting discussion commenced, in the presence 
of a large asssemblage of the nobility, gentry, and clergy, 
of the diocese. It was conducted according to the forms 
of syllogistic reasoning ; and displays great readiness 
and acuteness on the part of Hamilton, and more mo- 
deration on that of the Bishop than could have been 
anticipated from his sennon. Bramhall was present to 
encourage his brother prelate ; and he occasionally mingled 
in the discussion, but in a very arrogant and disorderly 
manner. As it too often happens in piiblic debates, the 
controversy merged into the discussion of some of the 
less important points of difference. It, therefore, by 
no means affords a favourable view of the grounds on 
which the ministers refused the required conformity. The 
debate was maintained with good temper, and great 
spii-it, for several hours. But Bramhall, resenting the 
liberty afforded the ministers, suddenly internipted the 


imperious. The Bp- himself, who disputed, behaved moderately, ingeniously, and discreetly ; the 
opinion of the matter and discourse was various, according to the several inclinations and dispositions 
or interests of the hearers — the common product of all such public reasoning. The conclusion was, 
that he, with many other Ministers of his persuasion, were deposed from their several offices and 
benefices, and thereafter severally pursued and sought to be apprehended by pursuivants, but none 
of them were taken. Under these circumstances, he, with his family, was necessitated to go to 
Scotland, where he was disposed of to a great congregation and maintainance, at the town of Drime- 
frice, in Niddsdail, where he continued Minister other ten years. In this time, being appointed by 
the General Assembly of Scotland, to make a visit to the ITorthem parts of Ireland, for three months, 
he was taken prisoner by a party belonging to Sir Alex. M'Donnell, of the West-highlands of Scot- 
land, and kept prisoner in a Castle there, Migreor Migirne, under extraordinary wants and 
necessities for a year, before he could be relieved, and then was, by the General Assembly of Scot- 
land, transported unto Edinborough, where he continued fifteen years.''' 

conference, and Leslie adjourned the meeting, first to the 
afternoon, and then to the following ;,morning. In the 
meantime, Leslie was prevailed upon by the Bishop of 
Derry, not to resume the discussion, hut to proceed in a 
summary way to pass sentence on the ministers. Accor- 
dingly, when the meeting was assembled on the morning 
of Friday [12th August, 1636], the brethren found them- 
selves deprived of any further opportunity of stating their 
objections ; and, as they continued, with unshrinking firm- 
ness, to refuse all subscription to the canons, the Bishop 
proceeded to pronounce the sentence of their deposition." 
— See a narrative of the occurrences of this eventful day, 
in Beid's Presbyterian History, vol. i., p. 194, and of the 
public discussion at Belfast, between Leslie and Hamil- 
ton, in the Appendix to the same vol., pp. 434 to 454. 

^ Of the remaining ministers who had yet to visit Ulster, 
agreeably to the Act of Assembly, the Rev. James Hamil- 
ton, then minister of Dumfries, but formerly minister of 
Ballywalter, was selected by the civil and ecclesiastical 
authorities in Edinburgh to be the bearer of the Covenant. 
With him were associated in this work three others of the 
ministers formerly appointed, viz., the Rev. Hugh Hen- 
derson, minister of Dairy, in Ayrshire, the Rev. William 
Adair, minister of Ayr, and the Rev. John Weir, minister 
of Dalserf, in Lanarkshire. The appointment of Hamilton 
to superintend the administration of the Covenant in 
Ulster, was, on the 26th of March, 1644, notified in a letter 
from the Committee of Estates to the officers of the Scot- 
tish army. The bearer of this letter was Major Borthwick, 
of Lord Lindsay's regiment. In it they thus expressed them- 
selves : — 

" As our cause is one that has common friends and 
enemies, so we must, with God's assistance, stand and fall 

together ; and, for our firmer union, the Commissioners 
of the Assemblie, and we, have sent Master James Hamil- 
ton (a faithful minister in this kingdom, and whose in- 
tegritie is well known in Ireland) with the Covenant to be 
sworne by the ofiicers and souldiours of our army, and all 
such others of the British as shall be willing to enter into 
this Covenant, which is ah'eadie universallie receavit in 
this kingdome, and by the Houses of Parliament and their 
armies, and is ordained to be taken by all sorts of persons 
in England. Concerning the fittest time of swearing this 
Covenant, we remit it to your discretion, and the messen- 
ger sent with it ; but the sooner yee doe it, we think it so 
much the better, which will confirme the confidence this 
kingdom has in you, and will be a character to difference 
between the well and disaffected. In the meane tyme, we 
trust that you, and such of the British forces as love reli- 
gion and the safetie of thir kingdoms, will stand the best 
way you may upone your guarde against the invasione of 
the rebells." 

Hamilton and his colleagues lost no time in entering 
upon their mission. They reached Carrickfergus in the 
end of March, and immediately commenced the arduous 
work entrusted to them. An authentic record of their 
proceedings at this memorable crisis has been fortunately 
preserved, and is published in the second volume of Reid's 
Presbyterian History, pp. 27 to 42. 

See also a minute account of the administration of this 
Covenant in Ulster, on this occasion, at Belfast, Comber, 
Newton, and Bangor, County Down ; also, at Broadisland, 
Islandmagee, and other places in County Antrim ; and at 
Derry, Raphoe, Ramelton, and Enniskillen, in the seventh 
chapter of Adair's Narrative, which concludes thus : — 

" From this the Ministers returned to the congregations 
of Antrim and Down, where the covenant had been before 


In tliis time he was appointed by the General Assembly one of his Majesty's chaplains, and in 
this attendance was taken prisoner (as many of the nobility, army, gentry, and ministry) at Eliot, 
in Angus, by a party sent by General Monk immediately after his taking of Dundee ; thence, he, 
with several others, as aforesaid, were sent to the Tower of London, where he was kept two years 
by Oliver Cromwell, and thence dismissed by him for no other reason, apology, or address, but that 
he found himself under great obloquy by all good people in Scotland and England, and that he 
found himself sd settled in Scotland that there was little hazard of the raising any armed power 
there to his prejudice. 

In this time (towards the close) all the other Presbyterian Ministers, who adhered to their prin- 
ciples throughout the whole kingdom, were espulsed from their places of abode, and discharged all 

administered, partly confirming the people, who had entered 
into it already, and partly administering it to some who 
had not taken it before, among whom was the Lord of Ards. 
Thereafter they did administer the communion in New- 
townards, Hollywood, and Ballywalter, in which three 
places Mr. Adair, Mr. Weir, and Mr. Hamilton (who all 
this time had staid in these parts) did divide themselves 
for this work. Mr. M'Cleland being then come to the 
country on commission, did also join in celebrating the 
communion, and those who were ministers in the country 
and army concurred. After all this, the holy, wise provi- 
dence of God so ordered it, that these worthy men imme- 
diately met with sad troubles, lest they should be exalted 
above measure upon this great work wherein God had 
assisted them so signally. Mr. Adair fell into a long and 
dangerous fever, and relapsed again at Newtownards, and 
thereafter in Stranraer, as he was going home. But Mr. 
Hamilton, and Mr. Weir, met with a sorer trouble. The 
occasion of which was, that at that time my Lord Argyle, 
being Chief-Justice of the Isles, had one Col-Kittoch in 
custody, who had been guilty of many enormous things. 
He had a son named the same way, who was prompted by 
Satan's instigation to meet the vessel wherein Mr. Hamil- 
ton and Mr. Weir were going to Scotland, and did take 
them prisoners to the Highlands, thinking thereby to get 
Lis father loosed by the Lord Argyle. But, upon some 
weighty considerations, it could not be granted, whereupon 
these godly ministers were kept in great restraint and sad 
straits, without any accommodation or refreshment to their 
bodies, till Mr. Weir died ; and Mr. Hamilton, withm uch 
ado, and great hazard of his life, was got delivered, and 
lived long after that, useful to the Church at Dumfries, and 
Edinburgh." — Adair's Narrative, p. 117 to 118. 

Dr. Eeid, at p. 46 of his Presbyterian History, vol. ii., 
states, that the trials to which those two ministers (Hamil- 
ton, and Weir) were now exposed originated out of the 
following circumstances : — 

" The Earl of Antrim did not continue long in prison. 
Though strictly guarded in the castle of Can-ickfergus, he 
ones more succeeded in effecting his escape. He had 
been committed to the custody of Captain James Wallace, 

a truly Christian ofBoer, to whom fi-equent references will 
be subsequently made in these pages. With him was as- 
sociated, as his lieutenant, another officer, named Gordon, 
who, by the following stratagem, facilitated the escape of 
Antrim :—' This Lieutenant Gordon craftily conveyed up 
unespied, in his breeches, certain tows [ropes], by the 
whilk the earl escaped, and wan freely away, to Wallace's 
great grief; and the lieutenant followed, and fled also. 
His escape was wrought in October, whereat Major Munro 
leugli not a word.' Antrim made his way directly to 
O'Neil, at Cliarlemont; thence he proceeded to Kilkenny 
to confer with the confederates ; and afterwards to the 
king at Oxford, where he arrived in the end of the year. 
Here he completed his arrangements for carryiog into 
effect the enterprise which had been partially disclosed in 
the papers found on him, when taken prisoner in May ; 
and the object of which was to assist Montrose to excite a 
commotion in the North of Scotland, in favour of the de- 
clining cause of Charles. For this purpose, Antrim, on 
whom the king now conferred the dignity of a marquis, 
agi-eed to supply Montrose with two thousand native Ii'ish, 
chiefly those who were then in arms in Flanders, and who, 
' from the affinity of language, manners, and origin, were ex- 
pected to be weli-qualifled to co-operate with Highlanders.' 
The first draught of this stipulated number, under the 
command of Alaster Macdonnell, the noted Colkittagh, 
and protected by a frigate, were on their way to Argyle- 
shire, when, unfortunately, on the third of July, they fell 
in with the vessel in which the Rev. Messrs. Hamilton and 
Weir, with many other passengers, were returning to Scot- 
land. They were immediately taken prisoners by Colkit- 
tagh. The ministers, with a few of the more respectable 
passengers, were removed on bot'vd the frigate, where they 
were detained until he had effected a landing on the island 
of Ardnamurchan, which the following extract from a con- 
temporary annallist shows he soon accomplished :— ' This 
mighty Montrose, having gotten the king's patent to go 
upon the Covenanting rebels in Scotland with fire and 
sword, and either bring them under subjection and obe- 
dience, or otherwise destroy them all, their lives, lands, 
and goods, gives order to this Alaster M'Donald to ship 
his soldiers, and land them in Ardnamurchan, an island 
belonging to Argyle, and destroy his country, and promised 


exercises of their ministry, whereupon he withdrew from Edinburgh, and lived privately at In- 
nerisk ; yet it so fell out, that, on the account of having the better assistance of phisicians for his 
health, he repaired for a time into Edinborough, where he died the 10th of March, 1666. 

I shall not insist on his character, only as it is evident he was, in providence, from his infancy to 
his grave, exposed to many afflictions and temptations, so he was helped to carry with great stead- 
fastness, wisdom, and patience — yea, cheerfulness. He was naturally of an excellent temperament, 
both of body and mind ; always industrious, and facetious in all the several provinces or scenes 
of his life ; he was delightful to his friends and acquaintances — yea, beloved of his enemies. Much 

to meet him in Scotland. M'Donald takes the sea, and, 
the eighth of July, lauds in the foresaid isle of Ardnamur- 
chan, plunders the haill goods and gear; kills the inhabit- 
ants, and burns the haill country ; takes in a strong castle, 
and mans the samen with all provision necessary.' " 

To this castle called Meagrie, orMingarie Castle, situated 
on the eastern coast of the island, he removed his prisoners, 
and committed them to close and rigorous confinement. 
Here they suffered incredible hardships; until, at length, 
Mr. Weir, worn out with long confinement, fell sick, and, 
being destitute of every necessary accommodation, his 
strength rapidly declined ; and, after lingering a few weeks, 
he died. The following interesting notices of their capture 
and imprisonment, and of the character and death of Mr. 
Weir, were written at the time by his fellow-sufferer, Mr. 
Hamilton : — 

" All that knew Mr. Weir from a child often or thereby, 
might have discerned in him a perpetual preparation for 
death by his grave and holy behaviour. But when our 
Lord saw his time of departure approach, he set himself 
apart in a marvellous manner to make himself ready for 
eternity. For, first, according to the appointment of the 
General Assembly held at Edinburgh, 1643, he went to 
Ireland, and spent three months in painful preaching of 
the Gospel, viz : — all April, May, and June, 1644. Almost 
every day he laboured in spreading the Covenant of God, 
with Mr. William Adair, Minister at Ayr, who together 
persuaded the people to embrace the said Covenant in Car- 
rickfergus, Antrim, Coleraine, Deny, Raphoe, and Ennis- 
killen, and in all the country churches which lay about 
there, the Lord working mightily with them. In the time 
of his travell in Ireland, he helped to give the communion 
at Derry, with Mr. William Adair; at Newton, in the 
county of Down (June 23), with Mr. John M'Cleland; and 
at Killyleagh (June 30), with Mr. James Hamilton. In 
those two places he gave the communion upon the last two 
Sabbaths of his being in Ireland, God seeing it meet to 
make him take a double meal, because the journey was 
great before him, and he was to go in the strength of that 
food to the mountain of the Lord. Upon the second day 
of July, which was the last day wherein he was in Ireland, 
he preached at Donaghadee, on Hebrews, 12th chap., and 
three first verses, the matter of which did much refresh 

him in all his sufferings afterward. Upon the same second 
of July, as he was returning from Ireland with his wife, 
Master James Hamilton, minister at Dumfries, Master 
David Watson, father-in-law to the said Master James, with 
Master Thomas Johnson, preacher, and many other pas- 
sengers, were taken prisoners at sea by a Wexford frigate, 
called ' The Harp,' wherein was Alaster Macdonell, general 
major to Antrim's forces, coming along with three ships 
more full of soldiers, to invade Scotland. The said Alaster 
determined to keep the said prisoners till he could get his 
father, Coll-Macgillespie, alias Colkittagh, and his two 
sons, brethren to said Alaster, relieved for them. Where- 
fore he took seven of the said prisoners aboard in the 
frigate, leaving the rest in the prize whence these seven 
were taken, viz : — Mr. David Watson, Mr. John Weir and 
his wife, Mr. James Hamilton, William Hamilton, of Glas- 
gow, William Irving, of Dumfries, and Archibald Bruce, a 
dweller beside Hamilton. These seven were kept prisoners 
in the said frigate till the fifteenth day of July, at night. 
They got not liberty jointly to exercise worship together ; 
but every one did as he best might, apart ; only they had 
now and then conferences of what they read, for their 
Bibles were spared to them by the good providence of God. 
And, also, when the frigate was pursuing any bark or boat, 
the said prisoners, being all closed under decks and alone, 
took opportunity to pray together. Upon the said I5th of 
July, the said prisoners were carried from the said frigate 
to Castle Meagrie, and were all put in one chamber 
together. Every day twice, the said Mr. Weir and Mr. 
James Hamilton, did both of them expound a psalm or a 
part of a psalm, the one praying before, and the other after 
the said exposition. This they did in the hearing of those 
other fellow-prisoners, which were above-named, so long 
as they were together, which was till the twenty-third of 
September, in which time they had proceeded in expound- 
ing to the eighty-first psalm." — MSS. Bib., Jurid, Edin., 
Bob. iii., 6, 1, No. 24. 

During their confinement, their sufferings were much 
increased by an unsuccessful attempt of the Marquis of 
Argyle, to obtain possession of the place : — 

" He sent a party to beleagure the castle, thinking to 
liberate the prisoners with strong hand, but that attempt 
failed him ; for, after that he had, for seven weeks together, 
beleagured it, his captain was forced to give over and leave 
the castle and prisoners la it, who, during the time ol thia 


might be say'd of his boldness for truth, and tenaciousness in everything of moment ; tho' he vas 
naturally, and in his own things, amongst the mildest and *' sort of men, he was rich 

in all parts of learning which might contribute for the usefulness and ornament of his ministry; he 
was intelligent, yea, judicious in all civil and state affairs ; he was great in esteem with the 
greatest and wisest ; as he was highly valued by the meanest sort of his acquaintances, so he was 
denied to the favours of great men and popular [assemblies.] His ambition was to be spotless 
aud usefuU ; his covetings, to have acceptance with God, the love of his friends, and peace in his 
own conscience ; he lived always frugally ; bestowed what at any time he had gathered upon his 
children (who were all married long before his death); was very open-handed to the poor ; and died 
even with the world. 

4. Of John's ^^ family was first Hans. In his youth he was bred at * Schools ; went to 
the college of Glasgow, in Scotland ; was much disposed for learning, and very capable of it, but 
by his father's death, and the urgency of his affairs, was soon called back again to Ireland, where 

siege, suffered incredible liunger and thirst, having nothing 
to drink but the rain-water that fell from Heaven on the 
bartisans of the castle, which they were forced, because of 
the thick mud, to seethe through their teeth, they winking 
all the while, for they could not look upon the green glut 
that was with it ; and their meat was for most part un- 
ground rye, which they were sometimes forced to grind 
betwixt two slate stones for their extreme hunger ! Much 
misery they suffered all the time of their captivity ; but 
all was nothing, in respect of these seven weeks during 
which the castle was beleagured." 

Though Macdonell had successfully repulsed this at- 
tempt of Argyle, yet finding the maintenance of eight 
prisoners too heavy a burden, he took steps to rid himself 
of a part of them. On the third of September, he liberated 
Mrs. Weir, she being then near her confinement ; and, on 
the twenty-third, the three merchants, Messrs.W. Hamilton, 
Irving, and Bruce, " were relieved on bond and caution for 
paying their ransom, and Master Thomas Jordan was also 
relieved because he had no charge in Scotland, though he 
had been a minister in Ireland. The three ministers — to 
wit, Masters J. Hamilton, Watson, and Weir — are kept 
close, and Alaster gave strict orders, that upon no condition 
any of them should be let free ; for he resolved that they 
should liberate his father, old Colkittagh, and his two 
brethren, Archibald, and Angus, that were then prisoners, 
taken by Argyle, but the Marquis, carrying a great indig- 
nation against all the clan, specially against old CoU, would 
not liberate them." Their captivity therefore assumed a 
very hopeless aspect. No prospect of relief appeared, and 
their spirits begaa to despond ; but the consoling truths 

of that Gospel, which they had so faithfully preached 
sustained them, and " though their flesh, and their heart 
failed, God was the strength of their heart, and their por- 
tion for ever." It was at this period that Mr. Weir became 
indisposed. On the second of October, he first complained 
of sickness, and, on the sixteenth, he died, " with great 
peace and joy," in the thirty-fourth year of his age. Mr. 
Hamilton, and his father-in-law, Mr. Watson, were left 
alone, and spent a gloomy winter in that secluded, and 
cheerless castle. Mr. Watson sunk underhis sufi'erings, and 
died in the month of March following ; but Mr. Hamilton was 
graciously preserved, until, after many efforts on the part 
both of the General Assembly, and the Scottish Parliament, 
to procure the release of this esteemed Minister, he was 
at length, by an exchange of prisoners, liberated, on the 
second of May, 1645, after an imprisonment of ten months. 
While in Ireland, prior to this afllicting captivity, Hamil- 
ton's labours were, in a great measui-e, confined to the County 
of Down. His former parish at Ballywalter was a special 
object of his ministerial care. Towards the close of his 
stay in Ulster, he presided as Moderator, in a meeting of 
the Presbytery at Bangor, on the 25th of May, 1664, when 
a third petition from the Presbyterians of the province, to 
the General Assembly about to meet at Edinburgh, was 
submitted to tlie Court for their approbation and sanction, 
which will be found, at p. 53, of the second volume of 
Reid's Presbyterian History. 

X John Hamilton, of MonUla, in the Co. of Armagh, fourth 
son of the Vicar of Dunlop. — See pages 11, and 44, ante. 


he attended his affairs carefully and discreetly till the war of Ireland broke out, at which time duty 
and necessity obliged him to give his assistance therein, by my Lord Claneboy's advice. His years 
and parts early promoted him to be a captain of horse; as in progress of time he became Lieut.- 
Colonel, he joined, with the Earl of Clanbrassill, in Ormond's Association. That war being ended, he 
married Magdalen Trevor, daughter to Sir Edward Trevor,y and had by her some children, whereof 
only his daughter Sarah came to maturity. His business then being to improve and plant his 
estate, lying mostly in the upper country ; and, by reason of his very good natural and acquired 
parts, and justice to the King's interest and family, after King Charles II. his restoration, was 
knighted and made Bart., and afterwards one of his Majesty's Privy Council in Ireland, and was 
very much intrusted by the Government in the oversight of the upper country ; ^ died of a good age, 
in great esteem, and generally much bewailed ; lyes in the tomb with his father, mother, lady, and 
daughter. He was guilty of great errors — whereof afterwards, His natural parts and improve- 
ments were both very considerable ; his deportment, in his younger years, very commendable ; but, 
his estate being much burthen'd, his disposition to live high and aim to purchase great things, oc- 
casioned many to think (as a gent, of his neighbourhood and great acquaintance once say'd) that " Sir 
Hans Hamilton was never so honest as Hans Hamilton by half." He was unfortunate in that his 
daughter married^ * * contrary to his disposition, and the measures he had proposed to 
himself. He fell at last in great variance with his nearest friends, and affliction by the death of 
his lady and daughter ; went to Dublin, with design, as it is believed, to do something that was 
great for his family against his friends, but failed of it, and died in the enterprise, but did not 
perform it. 

The second son, James,^ was, partly through necessity of the times, and partly his own inclination, 
drawn to the service of the war, tho' the heat of it was now much over. He served in the 
station of a comet, and acquit himself very commendably in it. After, he married Jane Baily, 
daughter to Bishop Baily, of Clunfert, by whom he had Henry,'' Hans,'^ and Margaret.^ He was of 
very good natural parts and disposition, and not contemptible in his acquirements ; yet the liberty 

' And sister of Marcus Trevor, first Viscount Dungannou. name of Hamilton, in order to possess her estate, and was 
* At Hamilton's Bawn, County Armagh. well-known in the family as " Campbell-Hamilton." He 

died in London, in 1749, at the age of i 
^ Of Bailieborough, County Cavan. 

* She married Sir Kobert Hamilton, Bart., of Moimt- 
hamilton, and left an only child, Sir Hans Hamilton, who 

became heir to his grandfather, John, of MoniUa, and " ^^^° of BaiUeborough ; married Miss Blactwell, by 

married Jane Sheffington, eldest daughter to the Viscount ^^°'^ ^® ^^^ i^^^e, and was killed at Limerick . 

Massereene. They had an only daughter, Anne Hamilton, ^ A Brigadier-General ; died without issue. 

who married James Campbell, of London, who took the « Married a gentleman named Cuppaidge. 


of his younger education, and way of living witli the Bishop, (having married his only child) enured 
him to greater liberty and good fellowship (as some call it) than was profitable for his estate and 
family, or advantageous to his health. He was overtaken in middle age by the fever, and died. 

Francis,' the third son, is yet living, and hath evidenced himself a stout soldier and a very ser- 
viceable brother, but not equal (in the opinion of some not injudicious) in distributing his kindness 
among his friends, as having exceeded towards some, and been defective (to say no worse) towards 

5. Of "William's s family. His first son, James, of good natural parts, bred a soldier, advanced 
to be a captain, and judged very worthy of it, died young, being killed at Blackwater fight, and lies 
in the Church of Benburb, where there is a decent tomb erected over him. ^ He married * 

* * * had two children, James' and Catherine,'' and left his estate much 

the same as he found it. 

John, the second son, was much under the same circumstances. He was a captain, and left no 
issue behind him.^ 

The third son, Hans,™ under the same education and necessities, was advanced to be a captain of 
foot, and very active in his station. After the war was over, he married Mary Kennedy, daughter 
to Mr. Kennedy, of Killern, by whom he had three children that came to maturity — viz., James, " 

' Of Tullybrick, County Armagli, married Elizabeth 
Echlin, sister of Henry Tilchlin. 

8 William Hamilton, of Newcastle, alias Bangor, in the 
County of Down, the fifth son of the Yicar of Dunlop. — 
See pages 11 and 45, ante. • 

^ The following extract from " Annals of Charlemont," 
as to the Battle of Benhurb, refers to him : — 

" Among the slain was also Captain James Hamilton, 
of Newcastle, alias Bangor, in the County of Down. Ac- 
cording to tradition, he was killed making his escape at 
Tullyrean (now Tullylearn), lying between Benburb and 
Blackwatertown. His body, as well as that of Lord 
Blaney, was honorably interred in Benburb Church, the 
succeeding day, by order of Owen Eoe. Subsequently 
Lord Blaney's was exhumed, and removed to Castleblaney ; 
but Captain Hamilton's still remains in its original cemetery, 
alongside the pulpit of the church, where the following in- 
scription is sculptured on a handsome tablet with foliated 
scrolls, surmounted by the Hamilton arms, in an antique 
urn-like shield : — 

"here lteth the bodt or 








Vivit Post Funera Virtus." 

i James Hamilton, his only son, always .styled " of Ban- 
gor." married the Honourable Sophia Mordaunt, third 
daughter of John, Viscount Mordaunt, and was father of 
Mrs. Ward and Lady Hcerrin, his co-heiresses, his only 
son, James, having died a minor — all already mentioned. 
He was member for the County of Down in 1692 ; died 
in 1707, and was buried in the church of Bangor. — Mrs, 
Reilly's Memoirs. 

^ Catherine Hamilton, the only daughter of James Ha- 
milton and Margaret Kynaston, first married Gen. Richard 
Price, and was mother of Gen. Nicholas Price, who was 
great-grandfather to the late Nicholas Price, Esq., of Saint- 
field. — Ihid. See note • to page 64, ante. 

1 He -was member of the Irish Parliament, in 1639, for 
the Borough of Bangor, together with his elder brother, 
James. — Ihid. 

m Hans Hamilton, of Camysure, in the County of Down, 
was a captain in the army, under his cousin James, first 
Earl of Clanbrassil. He married Mary, sister of David 
Kennedy, of Killarne. 

" James Hamilton, who married Christian Hamilton, his 
first cousin. Their only child and heiress, Margaret, mar- 
ried John Cuffe, first Lord Desart, who died in 1749. 


Jane, and Ursula. He became a very industrious and usefull man, both to his family and country; 
lived well, and died" much lamented; was creditably buried at Hollywood, leaving his children 
very young. 

The fourth son, William, of the same education, was made captain, and behaved very well in 
that station ; after the war he married, p That which is most considerable in him is, that, tho' he 
was the youngest brother of the family, and so had least patrimony, and had three wives, with 
whom he had but very small portions, yet he still lived plentifully both at home and abroad, and, 
to boot, purchased a very plentifull estate, which he left almost equal betwixt his two sons, James ' 
and Jocelin.' He was a man of great understanding in country affairs, and no less industry and 
regularity ; was a great artist in courting his superiors, keeping even with his equals, and keeping 
his inferiors at a due distance. He was a great honorer of the clergy of his own profession, and 
very civil to those of other professions, and, upon all occasions, avoided to be instrumental in perse- 
cution of such as were of different persuasions from himself. He died of sixty years of age, leaving 
his family very plentifull in all things, and his name under various characters — tho' I believe few 
men of his best acquaintance will contradict what I have say'd of him. Perhaps more may be say'd 
of him in the subsequent. 

6. Of the sixth family,' the eldest son was James. He was bred in the University learning ; a 
man of good parts and temper ; married * * * * but had no children by her ; 

was Parson of Dundonald, and Hollywood first ; lived of a good age ; died at Dundonald, where he 

28tli December, 1655. ^^zrr: p. i &|, r.ot^ .;) 

p His first wife was daughte r of H enjxUsher ; and his 
second, was daughter of Brian MacHugh Aghorley Magennis, 
who was mother of his two sons, James, and Jocelyn, and 
of two daughters, viz., Eleanor, married to Mr. Mathews, and 
Christian, who was married to her first cousin, J;imes 
Hamilton, of Carnysure. 

1 James Hamilton, of Tullymore. — See note + to page 
63, ante. 

r This Jocelyn Hamilton, was killed in 1690, in a duel 
which he fought with Bernard Ward, then Sheriff for the 
Coimty of Down. The dispute arose in the grand jury 
room, and they immediately went out and fought close to 
the Abbey of Down, when they were both killed in the 
duel. A letter relating to it is still extant, in the posses- 
sion of the Earl of Roden, at Tullymore Park, of which 
the following is a copy : — 

" Downpatrick, October , 1690. 

Dear Brother — I came here upon that unfortunate affair 
between the Sheriff and poor Jocelin ; they were both 

buried yesterday. Jocelin was basely kil'd by a pistol w** 
the Sheriff carried unknown to yr brother, and shot him 
with it, tho' he called out it was not fair ; and, having reed 
the shot, made so home a thrust that he run the sword 
almost to the hilt thro' the Sheriff: for further particulars, 
I wave until meeting. The main cause of my writing is 
to inform you that severall have designs upon the Sheriff- 
ship, upon w* designs uncertain, but no doubt they have an 
eye upon the chattells of the Duellers. I therefore desire 
you would consider of it, and make it your interest to have 
some honest man put in, that will neither do you nor the 
country any prejudice by their griping and covetes- 
ness. I am just going home, and will add no further but 
that his will and papers are safe. — I am, your humble 

" James Hamilton." 

Addressed thus — "For James Hamilton, of TuUa- 
more. Esquire, now neare Belfast." — See note to page 64, 

^ Patrick Hamilton's. He was sixth son of the Vicar of 
Dunlop. — See pages 11 and 45, ante. 

t His wife's name was Echlin. 

had been Parson for several years before his death ; he was a peaceable man, very civil to all, and 
affectionate to his relations, especially to his brother Alexander's family. 

The second brother, Alexander," thro' his inclination, and the necessity of his country, was bred 
to be a soldier ; was shortly made a captain of foot, in which station he was very usefall and of 
good account. He married one Mary [Eeeding,] a gentlewoman in this country, by whom he had 
one son, Patrick,' and two daughters,'' who lived to maturity. He died young, and was very well 
beloved, though a little passionate in his temper. 

The third brother, Archibald, being bred at schools and colleges, and in very good account for 
parts and piety, was settled in the ministry, first at , in GaUoway, in Scotland, thereafter 

transported to a more eminent place, to wit, Wiggtown. Afterwards (through the calamity of the 
times) came to Bangor Parish, in the County of Down. He married Jane Hamilton, daughter to 
Mr. James Hamilton, second son of Grawn Hamilton above-mentioned, by whom he had many 
children ; those that came to maturity were John, Archibald, Henry, and Mary. *' * 
As to * * being yet alive, I need say little of him, but suppose it will be generally 
allowed by all who are acquainted with him, as he hath been steadfast and laborious in his minis- 
try, so he hath acted the part of a discreet friend, and prudent and frugal parent. 

» Of Granshaw, County Down. His will bears date, 2nd the Eev. Patrick Hamilton, Eector of Killileagh, and three 

April,. 1696, and was proved 13th November, 1700. daughters, Barbara, Eliza, and Lattice. 

T Also of Granshaw. He married Letitia Norris, and w Mary, wife of William Stewart; and Elizabeth, wife of 

had issue by her, two sons, James, who died unmarried, and Captain Philip Wilkinson. 



[Copy Will of James, Second Yiscount Claneboye, and Pirst Earl of Clanbrassil, referred to at 

page 71, ante.] 

In the name of God, amen. — The Last Will and Testament of me, James, Lord Yiscount Claneboy, and Earl of Clan- 
brassill, being sound and perfect in memory and mind, though sick in body. — Written the 18th day of June, in the 
year of our Lord God, One Thousand Six Hundred Fifty and Nine. 

Imprimis — I recommend my soul into the hands of Almighty God, and my most gracious Redeemer, who hath 
sanctified me with the Heavenly Graces of His Holy Spirit ; and my body to be decently interred, with funeral rites, 
in my father's sepulchre, at Bangor. 

2d. I leave my wife, the Countess of Clanbrassill, the one-third of my whole estate, and the other two parts to go 
to pay my debts, and the education of my children. 

3d. In case my mother departs this life before my wife, it is my will, and I do hereby appoint, that she have a 
third out of that estate which my mother hath for her third, and the other two parts to be employed as afore- 

4th. That the lands of the parishes of Dundonell, and Holliwood, with all to them appertaining, and so much more 
next to them adjoining, as will make, five hundred pounds by the year, be the portion of my son, Hans Hamilton, 
my second son now living, after his coming to age, and until my debts are paid ; and, after they are satisfied, I 
appoint him to have the first part out of my whole estate, being in five parts to be equally divided, which I will to 
descend upon him and his heirs male, lawfully begotten of his body, and, failing of such, then to revert unto my 
eldest son, Henry, Lord Claneboy, he paying the portions of the said Hans's daughters, lawfully begotten, proportion- 
ally to the estate, if any snch he have. 

5th. It is also my will, that my wife have her residence in the Castle of Killyleagh ; and, that all patents, deeds, 
writings, evidences, books, and papers, concerning my estate, be carefully kept for the use and behalf of my children 
and posterity ; and that she, with the advice of my mother and friends hereafter mentioned, have a regard to the preser- 
vation of my well affected tenants throughout all the lands, lordships, and manors belonging unto me. 

6th. It is my will and earnest desire, that my wife, my mother, and children, with a competent number of useful 
servants, keep house together, without breaking up, or severing the family. 

7th. It is my further will and pleasure, for the better management and improvement of my estate for the future, 
that my mother, Arthur Annesly, Esq., Lieut.-Col. Traille, Lieut.-Col. Hans Hamilton, my cousin, Mr. Archibald 
Hamilton, Captain Collin Maxwell, Captain John Bailie, and Alexander Sloane, be aiding and assisting to my executors 
in setting, letting, leasing out, and bettering the rents of such lands as are to be set, the leases whereof are already 
determined, or may run out before my eldest son come to age, for the time and space of one and twenty years at the 
utmost ; any two or three of the said parties to be still privy and consenting to the making or perfecting any such 
leases, whereof my mother during her life to be always one. 


8tli. That tlie aforesaid persons be always careful! to see well into the right manageing of the whole estate to the 
best advantage, and the present breeding of my children in the most commendable way. 

9th. That my tenants, whether fee-farmers, lease-holders, or tenants for life, be used with all the favour that may 
be, as the occurrences of the time will permit, they behaving themselves as becometh. 

10th. Let the use, interest, and forbearance of my debts be yearly answei-ed for the sums I do owe, until the princi- 
pal and original debts can be cut down and paid by degrees. 

11th. It is also my will, and I do hereby authorise ray executors, or any one of them, with the advice aforesaid, to 
sell the tithes of the Rectories of RathmuUeu, Clonuff, AUmaney, Grongatter, B. Galgat, B. Gurgegan, with all 
other tithes not acrueing out of or upon my own lands, for the payment of my foreign debts, provided the same be 
sold at the best advantage. 

12th. That the ]\Iinisters in the several parishes within my lands be paid their stipends and salaries, according to 
the agreements and payments made unto their predecessors and them in my father's lifetime, or as they have under 
my own hand in writing since the year 1650 ; and that the schoolmasters in the several parishes have the like allow- 
ance continued unto them, as they enjoyed in my father's time. 

13th. That my servants' wages, due till May day last, may be satisfied, and such only retained as can be most ser- 
viceable, and the rest discharged after the celebration of my funeral is past. 

14th. If it do happen that my sons decease, without issue and heii-s of their bodies lawfully begotten, before my 
debts be satisfied, I do then appoint that my debts be fii-st paid, and that then thereafter there be twenty pounds 
a-year given to the school at Bangor, twenty pounds a-year to the school of Killyleagh, ten pounds a-year to the 
school of Hclliwood, ten pounds a-year to the school of Ballywalter, and ten pounds a-year to the school of Tonogh- 
nieve, and the remainder of my estate to be divided into five equal portions amongst the eldest sons or issue male of 
my five uncles, as the lands can be laid out in most equal and just divisions. 

15th. I do authorise and appoint my executors, with the consent aforesaid, for the speedier payment of my debts, 
as they think fit, to sell so much of my lands as shall amount to £500 a-year or under, but no more. 

16th. And, as for the schools of Bangor and Killileagh, I do appoint £20 a-year for the present, to begin from the 
first of November next ensuing the date hereof, to be duly paid for the masters, enabling of them to educate poor scholars. 

17. Lastly, I do appoint my son and heir-apparent, Henry, Lord Claneboy, and my beloved spouse, Anne, Countess of 
Clanbrassill, to be my sole executors of this my last -will and testament ; and I leave my said son and his brother, my 
second son, Hans Hamilton, to the education and instruction of my mother and my wife during their minority, ear- 
nestly praying that they may be brought up in the true Protestant religion, and after the best form and manner of 
civil nurture used in any of the thi-ee nations, beseeching God to give them a full measure of his saving knowledge, 
and of aU the requisite graces of his sanctifjing Spirit : And this I publish, manifest, and declare to be my last will 
and testament, as witness my hand and seal the day and year above written. 

Signed, Sealed, and delivered to the Countess, by his Lordship, N 
to the behalf of herself and her childi-en, in presence of / 

} Clanbrassill. 



[Memoir of the Family of Halcraig, extracted from " Anderson's Memoirs of the House of 
Hamilton," referred to at page 71, ante.l 

"Halcraig, Parish of Carluke, Lanarkshire. 
" I. Abchibaid Hamilton, the 2nd son of Hans Hamilton, Vicar of Dunlop, and brother of the first Viscount 


Claneboy, was the first of this family. He was Sheriff-depute of Lanarkshire, from 1625 and upwards. He married 
Eachel Carmichael, by whom he had issue : — 

"1. John, his heir. 

"2. James, of Neilsbrook, County Antrim. 

" 3. Gavin, of Killileagh, from whom Hamilton Rowan, Esq., of Dublin, is descended. 

" 4. Patrick, who was a great preacher and nonconformist during the persecution on account of religion under 
Charles the Fii-st. 

" 5. William, also a preacher and nonconformist, who being thrown into prison, in 1679, died therein shortly after. 

" 1. Jean, married to Ai-chibald Edmoadstone, of Duntreath, and had issue. 

" II. John' Hamilton, of Halcraig, who was severely fined, in 1662 and 168.4, for nonconformity and refusing the 
test, by the Earl of Middleton. He married Jean, second daughter of William Mure of Glanderstown, by whom he 
had issue. 

" III. Sir John Hamilton, of Halcraig, who was severely persecuted and fined for nonconformity during the 
reign of James the Second. After the Revolution he was made one of the Lords of Session ; and, about the same 
period, was knighted by William the Third. He had a charter of the lands and barony of Shawfield, dated 1st May, 
1699. He made a tailzie of his estate, in 1705, to himself in liferent, and his son John in fee; which failing, to his 
heirs female, the eldest always succeeding without division. He married, in 1668, Ursilla, daughter of William 
Ralston, of that Ilk, by whom he had issue : — 

" 1. John, his heir. 

" 1. Isabella, married to Sir William Gordon, of Dalfolly and Invergordon, and had issue. Sir John had issue other 

"IV. John Hamilton, of Halcraig, who, dying without issue, in September, 1706, was succeeded by his eldest 
sister. Lady Gordon, who possessed the estate until her death in 1740. It was afterwards enjoyed by her husband, 
Sir William, till he died in 1742. 

" Mr. Charles Gordon, Advocate, the second son, who took the name of Hamilton Gordon, got the estate from his 
father, and raised an action against his brother, Sir John Gordon, to denude ; but it was found that Sir John could 
not take the estate without bearing the name and arms of Hamilton. 

"In 1753, 23d February, Mr. Charles Hamilton Gordon, of Halcraig, had a charter under the Great Seal of the 
lands of Wester St. Martins, in the County of Cromarty." — Anderson's Memoirs, p. 302.* 

a However accurate Mr. Anderson's elaborate work, from the MS. states at p. 43, ante) came to be men, are altogether 

which the foregoing memoir is copied, may be as to the omitted in the memoir. 4th — After correctly stating that 

' other branches of the House of Hamilton, of which it con- John was Archibald's eldest son and heir, instead of going 

tains such ample records, it is singularly inaccurate as to on to state that he liad no issue except two daughters, as 

those branches connected with the family to which the mentioned in the MS. (atp. 11, ante,) and that he had sold 

above MSS. relate. TheEditor of them has already, at pages the Halcraig estate in his lifetime, the foregoing memoir 

1 and 2 ante, had occasion to correct a grave mistake made actually traces its direct descent from him, 1st, to Sir John 

in Mr. Anderson's work, as to the Vicar of Dunlop, the head Hamilton, of Halcraig, as his son by Jean, second daughter 

of the Clanbi-assil branch, in his memoirs of it and the of William Mure, of Glanderstown; and,2ndly, to John 

Eaploch branches; for which purpose, however, it was Hamilton, of Halcraig, as his grandson, though he had 

only necessary to refer to the MS. itself. But, in the pre- neither a son nor grandson, and was never married to Jean 

ceding article on the Halcraig branch, so many mistakes Mure. That the Sir John Hamilton who succeeded him in 

have been made, that it becomes absolutely necessary to Halcraig, as the purchaser of the estate, was a relative, there 

point them out in detail : And, 1st— The fact of Archibald can be no doubt ; but in what degree the Editor of these 

of Halcraig's first marriage to a lady named Simpson, by MSS. has been unable to discover. James, of^^eilsbrook,the 

whom he had two daughters (as stated in the MS., at p. 11, second son of Archibald, of Halcraig, in consequence of his 

ante,) is altogether omitted. 2nd — The above statement, eldest brother John's death, without male issue, succeeded 

that he had only five sons and one daughter by his second to a, fifth share of the Claneboye estates, which James Earl 

wife,isalsoincorrect,asitappearsbytheMS.(atp.43,a?««e,) of Clanbrassil, by his will (at p. 85, cr?zte) devised to the 

that he had twenty-two children by his second wife, Rachel eldest sons, or issue male, of his five uncles, in the event of 

Carmichael. 3rd— The names of only five of his sons are his own sons dying without issue, which happened on the 

given in the memoir, and one of them incorrectly, as he had death of Earl Henry, 
no son named Patrick; and Archibald, and Robert, who (as 


Of Eakl Henry, his Maebiage, Caeeiage, Death, and Chaeacter. 

This young nobleman, being committed to the care of Ms mother, Countess Ann Clanbrassill, 
was for a time bred to literature at home, and, as he was fit for it, afterwards sent to Oxford, in 
England ; and, with respect to his affaii-s, was called home to Ireland before he attained to ripe 
age, giving a great hope to all who were concerned in him that he should be a very considerable 
man in his post. The matter of his marriage was of great concernment to all his friends and rela- 
tions. It was judged very necessary, in order to his affairs, that he should settle in some family 
by which he might have good friends and a good portion, which, as it was his interest, seemed also 
to be greatly his own design ; but it fell out soon otherwise, he being decoyed by one of his own 
servants, whom he and his mother trusted too much. He was soon drawn to court a daughter of 
I the Earl of Drogheda's,'' viz.. Lady Alice Moor, by whom, as he could expect no portion, and but 
' few friends, so he was very much drawn to idleness and low companionship. In a short time the 
marriage was accomplished, to the great grief of his mother, and trouble of all his relations. She 
j was indeed a very handsome, witty, and well-bred lady ; but soon appeared very high in her house- 
j. I keeping and apparel, and giving too much opportunity and access to noblemen and gentlemen 
^ireputed vitious, to frequent her house and company, the pretence being to pay respects to my 
Lord in his quality (who was deservedly reputed learned, intelligent, and humane,) at least '* 
* to gratify her own vitious inclinations she * * in her prodigality and dis- 

a Henry Moore, third Viscount of Droglieda, upon his 
father's death, was recommended by the Earl of Ormond 
to succeed him in his employments ; whereupon, the king, 
by wan-ant, dated at Oxford, ISth October, and by com- 
mission, at Dublin, 13th January, 1643, gave him his troop 
of horse, and the government of the Counties of Meath and 
Louth, the Barony of Slane, and the Town of Dundalk, 
with all the forces within the same. On 11th January in 
that year, he was chosen one of the Commissioners, to re- 
ceive the propositions of the Irish confederate recusants ; 
and, in 1645, repairing to the Court in England, the king 
(he being under age) favoured him with a special livery of 
his estate. In 1647, upon the surrender of the Government 
to the English Parliament, he had the command of a regi- 
ment given him, with which, in 1649, he helped to reduce 
the Kingdom, after which his estate was sequestered by the 
Parliament ; but, upon his petition, Sth April, 1653, he was 

permitted to enjoy one full third part thereof, and to receive 
the issues and profits till further order, paying contribu- 
tion and other country charges; and, for his services and 
affections to the king and his country, was advanced to the 
dignity of Earl of Drogheda, by patent, dated 14th June, 
1661. His Lordship married Alice, fifth daughter of 
William, Lord Spencer, of Wormlayton, by the Lady Pene- 
lope Wriothesley, his wife, daughter to Henry, Earl of 
Southampton ; and deceasing, 11th January, 1675, had 
issue three sons and three daughters, the second of whom. 
Lady Alice, first married, in INIay, 1667, to Henry Hamil- 
ton, Earl of Clanbrassil, who died in January, 1675 ; and, 
secondly, in 1676, to John, Lord Bargany, of Scotland, by 
neither of whom she [left] issue, and died, in Roscommon 
House, Dublin, 26th December, 1677. — /See Lodge's . 
of Ireland, vol. i. p. 326. 


position to be much, abroad, partly in the country, much to the City of Dublin, and afterwards to 
the Court of England.'' Her prodigality and disposition aforesaid, necessitated my Lord (whose great 
desert was in rendering himself obsequious and indulgent to her inclinations and prodigality) to 
contract a great deal of debt upon his estate, formerly under great burthens, and nothing bettered 
by her portion ; so as, at last, he was induced to sell off a very considerable part of his estate 
among his own tenants, and some others. In this time, it fell out, that my Lady bare a son, named 
James, who soon died; after which she fell upon a design (before my Lord or she were eight-and- 
twenty years of age) to persuade my Lord (his brother Hans, and son James, being now dead,) to 
settle his heritable estate upon herself and her heirs, or to hex disposal after his death, and witli 
a clause, that an estate of £500 per annum should be settled upon one of his name and family. 
That which stood in the way of it was, 1st, that my Lord and she, being both young, might yet have 
children ; 2nd, that it was uncertain whether my Lord might not survive her ; 3rd, that my Lord 
having many kinsmen of near relation of his own family, it seemed unjust to put the estate wholly 
out of his own family ; 4th, and particularly, his father. Earl James Clanbrassill, by his last will 
and testament, duly perfected and published, had made a full and distinct settlement of the whole 
estate, and all its concerns, in case his sons should die without issue (yet extant and inforce upon 
him) ; 5thly, he was plainly advertised by my Lady Ann Clanbrassill, his mother, that it was 
more than probable, that, in this design, there must be another of taking away his life, in which 
case his Lady might follow her pleasures in the ruining of that estate ; and with this plain advertise- 
ment : — " Son," say'd she, " expect that within three months after you perfect such deeds, 
you must lodge with your grandfather and father, in the tomb of Bangor." In this affair my Lord 
shewed a great deal of anxiety and trouble of mind, but at last was prevailed with (as Sampson 
in the like case) to perfect a deed, and will,'= according to the aforesaid contents ; and, within three 
months after, under very suspicious circumstances, he died suddenly ; was emboweled within five 
hours after, and privately (I say not secretly) buried in Christ's Church, in Dublin, and soon after, 
his corpse was lifted, and sent to be privately intombed in Bangor. This nobleman was very mucli 
lamented for the misfortunes of his life and death, being a man of great fame, very good temper, 

^ No mention of her visit to Charles the Second's Court last, at the funeral, where my Lord Brook was also, and 

is made in either Pepy's or Evelyn's Diaries ; but the fol- many others ; nor is he sparing to publish it in all places, 

lowing sentence, in a letter from Lord Conway to Sir and I hear his reception at Winsori^s not like to be much 

r< T, 1 -1^3 ^^j.1 T -.^-■, , . •, . . , , better, unless my Lady Clanbra. alter the case; for she 

George Rawdon, dated 20th June, 16< 1, which is printed thinks to trip up Nell Gwin's heels, and you cannot ima- 

in the Rawdon Papers and Letters, evidently refers to her, gine how highly my Lord Arran and many others do 

though Mr. Bem'ick, the Editor, in a note, says " if her value themselves upon the account of managing Lady 

name is Clanbrassil," that he never heard of her as one of Clanbra. in this matter."— Bawd. Let., 251. 

Charles's mistresses : — <' See copy of the will in the appendix to this chapter. 

"This relation I had from Lord Winsor on Friday 


honored not only by liis birth, but, with respect to his eminent parts, to be of the King's Privy 
Council for the Kingdom of Ireland. He wanted not sense of his misfortunes by his Lady, but 
strength to restrain them ; and so, unwarily, admitted to his own ruin, and made way for the great 
injustice and affliction his friends sustained after his death, whereof (and some other thiugs not 
mentioned in his life) hereafter. 


[Copy "Will of Henry, Second Earl of Clanbrassil, referred to at page 88, ante.'] 

March 27, 1674. — In the name of God, amen, I, Henry, Earl of Clanhrassil, considering the confusions and troubles 
that may after my death arise, if it should please God to call for me out of this life before I should settle my estate, 
for the preventing whereof, being now in perfect health and memory, praised be God, I do hereby, revoking all former 
"Wills and Testaments, make this my last "WiU, written with my own hand, and sealed with my own seal, in these words 
following, viz. : — 

First — Commending my soul to my gracious and merciful God, who gave it, believing through the righteous merits, 
mediation, and sufferings of Jesus Christ, my only Eedeemer and Saviour, and, by virtue of His precious blood, to have 
the same saved, I direct my body to be interred vrith my father in the sepulchre of Bangor. 

Item— It is my will and pleasure to leave unto my dear and beloved wife, the Countess of Clanbrassil, her heirs and 
assigns, for ever, all my estate in the kingdom of Ireland, vrith all and singular the castles, lordships, manors, honours, 
and chiefiies, royalties, freedoms, immunities, franchises, and privileges thereunto belonging, of what natui-e soever, in as 
large and ample manner as I or any of my predecessors held the same by letters patents under the great seal of Ireland. 

Item — I leave unto her aU my goods and chattels of what nature soever, and I do hereby appoint her to make due pay- 
ment out of the same of aU my just due debts, and out of my real estate, which, by this my last WiU and Testament, I 
do bequeath unto her. 

Item — It is also my pleasure, that aU deeds and leases made by me to any tenants be duly kept, and construction made 
upon them, to the best, and according to the true intent and meaning of them. 

Item — I appoint my said dear and loving wife, at or before her death, to leave £500 per anniun to some one of my own 
name and relation, as she shall think fit. 

Item — I leave the poor of Bangor £10. 

And, lastly, I appoint my dear -wife, Alice, Countess of Clanbrassil, sole executor of this my last "Will and Testament : 
All which upon serious consideration I have done, as witness my hand and seal, the day and year first above written. 

Witness present, 




Vera Copia. — Exd., J. Coghill, Eegr. 


c n A p . V I . 

. Of the Lady Alice, and hee Pkoyision- toe a Law- Suit. 

I enter upon this part of the history very unwillingly, and could choose to pass it with silence 
(as I have done many things), but that the main part of the subsequent history doth necessarily 
requii-e it ; for in this is the fountain out of which the following calamity did arise. 

In this narrative I must go back to tell you — 1st, that upon Earl James's marriage with Coun- 
tess Ann Clanbrassill, my Lord Clanbrassill settled a considerable jointure upon her, (as there was 
one formerly settled on the Lady Jane Claneboy,) to the yearly value of at least £1,500, in which 
was the Castle of Killileagh, with other very good conveniences, upon which the said Lady lived 
all her son's time and many years afterwards. — 2nd. The Earl James, a little before his death, had 
made and perfected a will, wherein, 1, he ordained his eldest son Henry, the heir of his whole estate; 
2, he settled £500 a year on his son Hans, of the lands about Hollywood ; 3, that in case both his 
sons should die without issue, his estate should be (after the payment of his debts) divided in five 
equal shares, and so to be settled upon the heirs male of his five uncle's sons, and he appointed 
his Lady and his son his executors. 

Of this last, it is to be considered — 1st. That the will being perfected, it was delivered, imme- 
diately by my Lord's direction, to be kept by her for the uses therein mentioned, and so proved in 
common form before the Prerogative Court in Dublin. — 2ndly. That it fell out at the writing there- 
of, which was done by Archibald, eldest son to Gawin,'' being then aged, that after it was entirely 
written, folded, and endorsed, he had occasion to correct some little thing in it, and being called 
in haste to carry it to my Lord, he designed to dry what was newly written, but instead of the 
sand box, (unwarily) he lifted the ink box, and dropped some ink upon it, yet cleaned and dried it 
as well as he could, and so brought and read it to my Lord, and presented it to be signed by him, 
which my Lord being ready to do, observed the blot, refused to sign it, and directed to write it over 
again, saying it was not fit a paper containing things of such moment should be blotted, which was 
accordingly done, and then signed and sealed by him, and so delivered to his Lady, at which time it 
was advised that the first written paper should be kept with the second at least for a wrapper, and for 
the safety of the other, which was accordingly done by the Lady. — 3rd. The will being thus lodged, 
there was no more use for it, until about eight years thereafter, that the second brother Hans re- 
quired to have his estate settled upon him according to his father's will. This being urged by his 

" See page 73, ante. 


mother, and other Mends, on the account that my Lord could not supply him with what was need- 
ful for the time (his Lady could and would not spare it), there was a commission brought from 
Dublin to examine the witnesses to the will about the perfecting of it. Some of them were cor- 
rupted by the young lady, and offered to swear that my Lord was not compos mentis when he 
signed it ; others, and of greater credit, offered to swear that he was sound in his memory and 
judgment. My Lord, or rather his Lady and counsellor, perceived that the design of making void 
the will would not then be carried, and proposed to settle an estate upon Hans, to as good a value 
in other lands, but * ''' * in the lands mentioned by the will, these being the nearest 
to * place of abode, which was agreed unto ; and, accordingly, deeds were drawn and per- 
fected, with this narrative, "■ that there being an estate provided for Hans by his father's will, of 
such date, &c., it was now agreed, and accordingly perfected, betwixt my Lord and his brother, 
&c." This affair being thus transacted, my Lord demanded the will and keeping of it from his 
mother, as being now only of his concern, My Lady Clanbrassill unwarily yielded to it, which 
being done, my Lord gave it to his servant Swadlin (then chief favourite), and bid him put it up 
amongst his other papers, which being done, his Lady Alice suddenly withdrew to her chamber, 
and sent one to dii-ect Mr. Swadlin to come to her. He came instantly, with all the papers they had 
then use for in his hands ; then bid him shut fast the door; then, said she, " Swadlin, give me that 
troublesome will." He, looking only at the endorsement, gave her the copy of the will ; she, like- 
wise so satisfied and in a hurry, tore it all to pieces, and threw it into the fire, where it was 
quickly consumed. " Now," say'd she, " it shall trouble us no more ;" then went suddenly and 
very cheerfully to my Lord and the rest of the company, leaving Mr. Swadlin to put up his papers, 
without discerning the mistake. 

For some years my Lord and Lady took their pleasure in great housekeeping and company, none 
like it any where for plenty and jollity, and great store of company, of all sorts of gentry and 
nobility. After some time, my Lord and Lady became pinched for want of money, and became 
inquisitive how their lands were set, and got information that Swadlin had ruined their affairs by 
taking bribes from the tenants, and so lessening my Lady's rents, and thereupon quarrell with him, 
and find him without defence, and very guilty of betraying them for his own profit, which was a 
sad truth, but their faults who trusted to him alone, 

Mr. Swadlin is in a great perplexity and contempt, and sets -about making off, and to sort his pa- 
pers and his Lord's, for his own ends, and then finds, among my Lord's papers, that was perfected 
by Earl James for his will and testament, yet is so enraged with my Lord and Lady, that he will 
not so much as acquaint them with it. The contention heightens, and my Lord is persuaded to put 
a padlock upon Mr. Swadlin's closet door, where all the papers were, and so dismisses Swadlin from 


i his service, with as much disgrace as he could, and choses one P. Hamilton, (a son of one Ja\ 
- Hamilton, say'd to be a natural son of Gawen's, but not currently believed, no mention being of it 
before his death) named, of Ballygilbert, and puts him upon the papers, and to receive his rents. 
He soon finds the will, and conceals it from my Lord and Lady, out of love to the friends of the 
family concerned therein ; yea, lets them know of it, but soon after he sickened and died. My 
Lord then admitts one of his cousins, "William (fourth son to my Lord's brother, William),'' to come 
upon all the papers in James's custody, on the acc\ or pretence, that there had been many affairs 
transacted betwixt them wherein they had been mutually bound for one another, and that he 
would make up James his accompts betwixt my Lord and the tenants, &c. The friends of the 
family (concerned in the will) enquire of him if the will was in his hands ; he acknowledged it was 
so ; they then charged him for the preservation of it, and to be countable for it, when they should 
need to require it. 

I "^^ *•' * that (since the troublesome will was burned, and especially that my Lord's 
brother and son were dead) there has been a great deal of business and courtship carried on about 
this great little court. Some (very few) courted my Lord and Lady out of friendship ; others my 
Lord for my Lady's sake ; others my Lady for my Lord's sake, and to bring my Lord to their mea- 
sures ; others their servants for finding out, and framing good bargains for money ; and one (more 
cunning than the rest) left his son (then a lusty stripling of about twenty years of age) to court the 
Lady, whilst he came now and then to prepare for and frame a lusty bargain (I pretend not to 
know of what extent), and for some weighty consideration, having the benefit of the patents of the 
Duffran (the far or greatest part of my Lady's jointure) either for pledge or direction, and having 
prepared papers or deeds for my Lord's signing, had my Lady's faithfull promise to assist in it, and 
resolved to make up either by cadjoling or cudgeling (for one heat must do all), prepare their attack 
upon my Lord, having got him alone. He proving more than ordinary intractable, they go to high 
words, threaten my Lord uncivilly. My Lady took this ill, and seemed to withdraw from the mea- 
sures agreed unto ; they deal rudely with her, and a great noise heard in the room. Some inferior 
servants came up and found all in tumult; my Lord directs one of them by a whisper to call for one 
of his kinsmen then in the house ; he being come, found my Lord and Lady all agast and in great 
agony; the tumultuous words that were among them; so discovered the matter, which was also 
formerly under suspicion ; took upon him to talk boldly, and in severe language, which quelled the 
fray. The father and son withdrew, and next morning very early go home, without good morrow 
of my Lord and Lady, and carry the deeds of the Duffran *- * with them, (as the other 

a See page 82, ante. 


unperfected) with little contentment, and less credit. This made a great noise; my Lord's principal 
kinsmen are sent for and come ; my Lady tells how uncivilly (perhaps brutally) my Lord 
and she were dealt with ; a course is taken to command back the deeds ; and it was found ne- 
cessary that the young man should take him to his travels abroad for some years till the noise 
of this courtship and enterprise should fall under oblivion, which he did. When this is over, there 
faUs anew great care and soKeitudehowto get money — ^.e., how to secure bargains, and the only remedy 
is, that my Lord shall pass a fine and suffer a recovery, and that the troublesome will be extinguished. 
For this end great pains and charges are undergone to corrupt the surviving witnesses, and make 
them swear my Lord, Earl James, was not compos mentis when it was pretended to be perfected by 
him ; all which being sufficiently prepared, it is resolved that my Lord and Lady (then in Dublin) 
shall come down in great pomp, and bring a commission from my Lord Chancellor (with all the 
privity they could); and, by virtue of the aforesaid commission, to examine the prepared witnesses, 
and so have the will found null, for that Earl James was not compos mentis when it was perfected. 
Meantime, immediately before his intended journey, my Lord became unwell (as has been say'd), 
unexpectedly, at Dublin. 


Of the Law-Sitit betwixt the Fetends conceexed ix the "Wili,, and the Ladt Alicb 
Claij^beassili ; oe hek Maeeiage, aitd Death. 

Upon my Lord's death, as this Lady lost no time to prepare herself for a law-suit, so it fell out 
that James of Newcastle was with Sir Hans Hamilton, at Hamilton's Bawn, and they agreed to 
eend by messengers letters to the other three cousins concerned,* desiring them to give them a meet- 
ing on an appointed time, that they might consult on what was now proper for them, my Lord 
being now dead without issue, which was done accordingly. In this meeting. Sir Hans laid open 
the affair, and proposed the question, if we should jointly agree to set on foot, and support, and 
pursue a law suit with Countess Alice, for getting the will proved and made effectual ? It was say'd 
she was provided with a will made by Earl Henry, settling the whole estate upon her, and her 
heirs, &c., and a deed perfected to the same purpose afterwards. However, they unanimously re- 
solved they would join in a suit ag' her title, and for evincing of their own title, at the equal 

* James Hamilton, of Neilsbrook, Archibald Hamilton, and Patrick Hamilton. 


charge of the five, and so to adhere finnly to one another, &c., until the suit should be finished, 
and then divide their shares equally, according to Earl James's will ; — ^that Sir Hans, and James 
of Newcastle, should follow and manage this law-suit from time to time till it were finished ; — 
that, for the first assay, James of Newcastle, should immediately repair to Dublin to provide lawyers, 
and by them obtain judgment of the title and estate conveyed to them by the said will, and use 
what other diligence should be advised ;— that he should correspond with Sir Hans by post, and 
receive his advice, and for this end be supplied with money for the lawyers, and have 10s per 
diem allowed to him for his personal charges ; — and that the five should meet together once before 
every new term for consulting, and getting accounts of what was done, and agreeing upon the sums 
to be provided for each term. At this time. Sir Hans was very encouraging as to his judgment, and 
promised his very effectual assistance, and that, before the suit should fail for want of money, he would 
sell the best part of his estate, and so say'd all the rest proportionably, and that so long as any of 
them had it, none of the rest should want money for this end. There were no witnesses by them, 
but, being very near kinsmen, and besides of long acquaintances and great friendship, they were 
very forward, free, and cleverly in this conjunction and design as was possible for men or friends 
to be. It was considered that the Lady was very well provided with lawyers against friends, &c., and 
that in her deeds she had made use of the ablest lawyers then upon the stage, but hoped that her 
wicked contrivances would not be blessed, yea, such a case not countenanced by men of conscience 
or honor. Sir Hans further say'd, that the deed which the Lady had would make void the will, 
and that he was very creditably informed that there was a rasure in the deed which would make 
it void. 

In a short time we got very good constructions from lawyers of the will, and we doubt nothing 
the proving of it. The method of proceeding must be — first, that, by an order from the Chancery Court, 
Earl James's will be produced and settled in Court (which was soon obtained), but the Lady is not 
put to deposite her Lord's will, or deeds ; next, that there be commissions granted for the examin- 
ation of witnesses which were to be produced for proving of the several wills and deed, and the 
first struggle was, whether the father's or the son's should have the preference, and it was carried for 
the Lady ; so a commission was granted for the examination of the Lady's witnesses. When the 
day appointed came, one of the commissioners on my Lady's side was was absent, and the com- 
missioners on the friends' side were kept back, so this diligence was lost. The next commissioners 
were to examine for the friends, and it was judged fit that this work should be done by some officers 
of the Court ; in this the Lady had her choice, and the friends the next * or best worst. 

"When they were to come down, my Lady's examinator pretended indisposition by the gout ; the 
other came down, and the friends were advised to proceed with one examinator, which they did, at a 


vast charge (for the honor of the cause), in Downpatrick, but the Court rejected all this diligence, 
and denied the benefit of the testimony. In this time it must be allowed that noble widow was 
much and highly courted by many great persons, and tho' some say'd she was not ill to court, yet 
having many offers, must make her choice, and this proved to be my Lord Bargany, of Scotland,'' 
who in her first Lord's time had made acquaintance with her, and, as some say'd, intimately, and who 
appeared to her very generous, witty, but, especially, well furnished with money, for which she had 
now great use. In their first step, he secured to her a jointure of £600 per annum, out of an estate 
in Scotland which he had sold privately, immediately before he came to Ireland, and she secured 
his life rent in the estate she possessed, which she had clandestinely settled on her brother, 
Mr. Henry Moore ; and what money she borrowed from him was to be repaid * by deeds of 
inheritance out of her estate ! 

After some time, another commission is granted to have examinators of the Court, one for each 
suit; and my Lady and her Lord resolved to come down to Down in great splendour, with many of 
her city and country friends about her, to attend this affair, especially to manage such as were pre- 
pared aright ; but it fell out, in the week before the fixed time for their down coming, that their 

''The following Memoir of Lord Bargeny, County of 
Ayr, in Scotland, is extracted from " Anderson's Memoirs 
of the House of Hamilton: " — 

" Sir John Hamilton, only son of Sir John Hamilton, 
of Lettrick (natural son of John, first Marquis of Hamil- 
ton), by Jean Campbell, his wife, who obtained a legitima- 
tion under the Great Seal, 22d December, 1600, and ac- 
quired considerable estate, had the designation of Cairiden 
in the lifetime of his lather, to whom he was served heir, 
23d April, 1642. He had previously been created a peer 
of Scotland, by the title of Lord Bargeny, in 1639, with 
limitation to the heirs-male of his body. He accompanied 
the Duke of Hamilton in his unfortunate expedition into 
England, in 1648. His attachment to the royal cause was 
so conspicuous, that Cromwell excepted him out of his act 
of gi-ace and pardon, 12th April, 1654 ; and he died April, 

" His Lordship married Lady Jean Douglas, second 
daughter of William, iirst Marquis of Douglas, and had 
issue : — 

" 1. John, second Lord Bargeny. 

" 2. Hon. Major William Hamilton, married, April, 1662, 
to Mary, daughter of Sir Patrick Hay, ot Pitfour, relict of 
George Butter, ol Clashberi-y. 

" 1. Hon. Margaret Hamilton, married first to John 
Kennedy, of Culzean, who died 1665 ; second, to Sir David 
Ogilvy, of Clova, and liad issue by both. 

'• 2. Hon. Anne Hamilton, married to Sir Patrick Hous- 
ton, of Houston, in the County of Renfrew, Bait., and 
died 1678, her death being occasioned by a party ot sol- 
diers coming to that place during her husband's absence 
in London, and threatening her at such a rate, that she 

ordered the portcullis to be let down to keep them out of 
the house ; but two of her sons being without, she was so 
terrified at their menaces against her boys, that she fell 
into a fever, which soon carried her off. 

" 3. Hon. Grisel Hamilton, who, by attending on her 
sister, Lady Houstoun, tell into the same distemper, and 
died 1678. 

" 4. Hon. Marjory Hamilton, married to William Baillie, 
; of Lamington, and had a son, William, who died in his 
seventeenth year. 

" 5. Hon. Catherine Hamilton, married (December, 
1676) to William Cunningham, of Enterkine, in Ayrshire, 
and had issue, and died 11th January, 1740. 

" John, second Loid Bargeny, was served heir to his 
father, 1 7th October, 1662. Being obnoxious to the minis- 
try of King Charles II., he was imprisoned in Blackness 
Castle, in November, 1679, and from thence removed to 
Edinburgh, where, on the 24th of February, 1680, he was 
indicted for high. treason, for having compassed the life of 
the Duke of Lauderdale, and others of the nobility ; having 
encouraged rebellion against the King, and entertained 
rebels in bis house, and openly declaimed against episco- 
pacy and the curates. This indictment was not brought 
to trial, for want of evidence. The King, on the lltb May, 
1680, issued a letter to his Privy Council in Scotland, 
bearing that he had received a petition from Lord Bar- 
geny, representuig his father's loyalty and suflFenngs, as- 
serting iris innocence of the crimes he was indicted upon, 
and attesting God thereupon ; and he was released, on 
finding security in 50,000 merks, to stand trial. After he 
was at liberty, he discovered, by diligent investigation, that 
Cunninghame of Mountgrenan, and his servant, two of the 
prisoners taken at BothweU-bridge, were suborned by Sir 


house took fire very suddenly and fiercely, so as with much ado some of the servants escaped with their 
lives, but almost all things in it were consumed with fire. I myself heard my Lord give this ac- 
count of it; 1st, say'd he, '*I never could find out yet how it took fire;" 2nd, "All in it were 
instantly and irrecoverably consumed ;" 3d, "No other adjoining house received any harm by the 
fire, the' some families lost much by putting out of their household goods for fear of it." 

"When the time came, and all concerned, with their friends and witnesses, the examinators pro- 
ceed not very hastily, and both sides lived very high in their provisions, and, with their attendants, 
and making visits to one another, very complimentally, and chargeably, so as sometimes they lost 
themselves {videlicit, their senses) in the complm*', for a whole month together ; but the most la- 
mentable tragedy was of the persons sworn, and their testimonies, and the considerations upon which 
they did so swear, not fit to be expressed without some urgent necessity, tho' it may be told, that my 
Lord and Lady left their quarters without a farewell, and their charge was not refunded for several 
months thereafter, and with a great deal of trouble, to the honest innkeeper. After this, the great 
debate at the Court of Chancery was, how the validity of the testimonies pro or con should be judged; 
at last the Chancellor committed this work to a jury of gentlemen in the King's County, to be by 
them tried and judged against a limited day, and the verdict to be — " A will, or no will?" The 

Charles Maitland, of Hatton, and Sir Jobn Dalrymple, to 
give false evidence against him. Their depositions, which 
also affected the Duke of Hamilton, were prepared before- 
hand, and they were promised a share of the confiscated 
estates ; but, as soon as ever the trial approached, their 
conscience revolted against the crime. Bargeny's evidence 
was ready to he produced before Parliament, 28th July, 
1681. Perjury and subornation, charged, in open Par- 
liament, against a judge and an officer of state, de- 
manded public investigation, condign punishment, or the 
most ample retribution. But the Duke of York interposed 
to prevent inquiry. Lord Bargeny eatered heartily into 
the Kevolution, raised a regiment of 600 foot for the pub- 
lic sei-vice, 1689, and died •25th May, 1693, at 10 p.m., as 
his son's retour beai-s. 

j "His lordship married, first. Lady Margaret Cuning- 
'hame, second daughter of William, ninth Earl of Glen- 
cairn, Lord High-Chancellor of Scotland, and had issue: — 

" 1. John, Master of Bargeny, who died before his father. 
He married, 19th June, 1688, Jean, daughter of Sir Robert 
Sinclair-, of Longformacus, Bart., and had one daughter, 
Johanna, heiress of Bargeny. 

" 2. William, third Lord Bargeny. 

" 1. Daughter, Hon. Nicholas Hamilton, married, 24th 
April, 169t), to Sir Alexander Hope, of Kerse, Bart., and 
had a son, Sir Alexander Hope, of Kerse, born 3d January, 

" Lord Bargeny married, second, in 1676, Lady Alice 
Moore, eldest daughter of Henry, first Earl of Drogheda, 
widow of Henry, second Earl ot Clanbrazil, to whom she 
was maiTied, 1667, and who died without issue, 12th 

January, 1675. She had no children to Lord Bargeny, 
and died at Hoscommon-house, Dablin, 12th December, 
1677. He survived her, and died in 1693, succeeded by 
his son, 

" William, third Lord Bargeny, who died in 1712, leav- 
ing a son (by his second wife, Mirgiret, daughter of Hobert 
Dandas, of Orniston, a Lord of Session), 

" James, fourth Lord Bargeny, who died in 1736, un- 
married and without issue. 

" On the title of Bargeny, the Lords of Session observe, 
in their returns to the House of Peers, 174J, that ' the 
Patent has not been met with in the records. By the pro- 
ceedings in a case which lately depended before the Court 
of Session, and which was brought by appeal before your 
Lordships, touching the succession to the estate of Bar- 
geny, it appears that there are no heirs-male existing of 
the body of John, Lord Bargeny, who, in 1688, made the 
settlement of his estate on which the question depended ; 
and no person has at any election, since the death of the 
last lord, claimed a vote in right of that peerage ; but, as 
they cannot discover from the records the limitation of 
that dignity, they cannot take upon them to say whether 
it is extinct or not.' A competition arose for the estate 
between — 1st, the children of Johanna, Lady Dalrymple, 
only daughter of John, Master of Bargeny ; 2d, the chil- 
dren of Mrs. Buchan, of Cairnbulgh, daughter of the third 
Lord : and 3d, Sir Alexander Hope, of Kerse, son of 
Nicholas, daughter of the second Lord. It was ultimately 
decided in the House of Lords in favoar of the first." — 
Anderson's Memoirs, pp. 216 to 219. 


\ Lady now knew what she had to do, and bestirred herself accordingly, and to good purpose, as one of 
her greatest agents and intimates told me expressly, so as she had the whole gentlemen of the jury 
engaged for her, and to do her work in the time of this debate. As she, in her opinion, fortified 
herself by marrying my Lord Bargany, by whom she might be supplied of money ; obliged her own 
friends by settlem* of the estate upon her brothers, — her servants, and agents in the country, by great 
gifts, — and her counsellors and agents with exorbitant fees, she endeavoured to divide the friends of my 
Lord's family by some kind proposals. She offered to James of Neilsbrook, £500 per annum of in- 
heritance, and as much money as would pay all his debts, on condition he would forbear to joia 
with the other cousins in their bill and stand by her title, and to another £2,000 in ready money; 
but, finding them generously resolved to stand by one another, and pursue their bill for the will, and 
the whole estate, she contented herself in the confidence she had of overthrowing the will, and out- 
swearing the fritinds of the family, some of them being aged, and others of no great estates or skil^ 
for law debates, even tho' Earl James's will should be found good ; yet fell under some uneasy ac- 
; cidents, for my Lord Bargany straitened her so very much for money, that she could neither live to 
i her mind, nor gratify her friends, nor defray small debts ; 2, the loss of apparel and household stuff 
was very great (about £4,000), and she could not get herself recruited to that splendour she 
designed ; 3, she fell under a general obloquy and contempt (which was much heightened by some 
qf her greatest friends), and was severely * by the great wits of the time ; 4, being thus dis- 
appointed, and also under great distemper of body, she fell under a high fever, and rage, and 
distraction, by it ; resented her own foUy and too great kindness to her own friends, that made her 
take unjust courses to defraud her good Lord ClanbrassiU's friends of their right; called for the box 
wherein chief papers were, that she might destroy the deed she procured from her Lord Henry, 
and those she had made on behalf of her brothers and others, that she might destroy them, (but her 
mother, the Countess of Drogheda, being with her, would not permit this box to be brought); again 
and again regretted the infamy and misery she had brought herself to, and the sad state of her soul 
thereby, and so died, my Lord Bargany being in Scotland ;= her own friends neglecting her (tho' 
they kept her papers and what else she had), her servants took course to have her corpse sent to 
Bangor privately, and so buried, without any the least solemnity. This fell out about a month be- 
fore the time appointed for the jury of the King's County, their determination or judgment of the 
proof of the will. 

c Although Lord Bargeny was in Dublin with the Coun- sioners of the Peace for the County of Down, in the reign 

tess at the time their house was burned there, it does not of Charles 11., his name appears among them as having 

appear that he ever resided with her at either of the family been appointed on the 12th of July, 1677. 
seats in Down, though in the list of Justices or Commis- 


A P . VIII. 

Of the Joint proceedings or the Feiends op the Tamilt, in oedee to the "Will and the 


As hitherto, the friends of the family had proceeded according to their first measure by Sir Hans 
and James of Newcastle's management, in trust for their relations and for themselves; so they now 
call their other three cousins to consult of what measures should be taken with respect to this exigency 
of my Lady's death, and they agree to have a meeting at Bangor (the place of Earl Henry's resi- 
dence, and in the middle of his estate), and to call to them all the chief tenants of the estate whereof 
Earl Henry died and left his Lady possessed, and endeavour to persuade them to turn tenants to 
themselves, that so being in possession of the estate, they might have the stronger plea against such 
as should pretend any right to the estate by virtue of the Countess Alice, her deeds, and so put 
them to a necessity of parting with their pretended right to them upon easy terms, perhaps easier, ' 
at least safer, than a law-suit might prove; and here it was advised and resolved, that each of the 
friends should provide themselves with so much money as their affairs might require; and here were 
kind offers of assisting, and being bound for one another, &c. Accordingly, the day of meeting was 
agreed on, and letters of warning from the five sent to them for keeping of such a meeting with' 
them upon affairs to be intimated. At the time appointed, the tenants met punctually — the tenants, ' 
or at least chief of them, came generally ; here some time was spent to inform them of the injuries 
the friends had sustained by the Lady, Countess Alice, her *' practices ; of the undoubted 

and honest right they had by Earl James's will ; that their title was also rational and natural; and 
that by and of them they might expect all kind and fair dealing, &c.; to all which they agreed very 
heartily, and were willing to proceed in what methods the friends thought best. At this time some' 
took leases from the five, and possession was peaceably given by my Lady Alice's servants and ten- 
ants, of the house and demesne of Bangor, to the five cousins ; one of them was sent to Ringhaddy, with 
commission from the other four, to take possession of it in their names, which was also peaceably- 
given and taken. This conversation continued a fortnight or thereabouts, and the tenants were 
entertained with meat and good liquors plentifully at the charge of the five. It was now agreed again, 
that Sir Hans and James should continue to manage the law-suit ; and that money should be given 
them for two terms charges, viz, £40 a piece (which was accordingly soon done) ; and, that they 
should meet again, after the two terms, to get account of what was done, either of law or agreements, 
and consult what might be then pertinent, and state their acct', &c. It was also now agreed, that' 
Mr. David Kennedy, a great friend to all the kinsmen, and brother-in-law to one of them, who was 

employed from the very first time, and accordingly did attend and assist in all the former terms 
and meetings, should attend and assist them at the next term. 

All things seemed here to proceed very unanimously and lovingly, only Sir Hans and James were 
not willing to press the tenants to making attornment and giving of possession, lest some few or 
one might refuse, and that rumours and clamours would rise to our greater prejudice; but they had no 
ground to doubt of the ten'^, their justice, yea, kindness to us, so far as we should need the same, for 
that we were assured of the chief and leading tenants, and that this was done by their advice and 
on their assurance. 

This was for the time sufficient to plain dealing gent" that distrusted nothing of such near relations 
under so honest a cause ; but here was the cockatrice's egg laid, which soon after produced incredible 
mischiefs ; for, at this time, one Captain John Baily, with a few chief tenants, had a private cabal, 
in a sercet unsuspected place, with Sir Hans, and James of Newcastle, and advised them to stop the 
attornment of the tenants to the five, and their title, and that these two should procure a title, either 
from my Lord Bargany or from the Moors, for themselves two, and so shake off the other three, and 
that, in this case, they would bring all the tenants to attorn to these two, and their title. This was 
soon agreed to, and put under a promise of mutual fidelity and proportionable kindness, and then 
under secrecy, which was sealed in a glass of wine and a kiss that went about. As it may be thought 
strange how this could grow to such a perfection in one night, and become so pleasant to two genf* 
in such circumstances as they were then under, so it is scarce cz'edible what firm rooting it took, and 
what growth it had, and fruit it bare, but the proverb is, "A wool buyer knows always a wool seller." 
Their former education and practices made the advisers ready with such counsel, and the advised to 
take hold of it, and practice it eifectually, as the following discourse will shew. But here give me 
leave to digress from my chief scope into the character and account of this captain general of this 
machination, because he must be often mentioned hereafter, as he had also a great hand in many 
things past in Earl Henry and Countess Alice their time : — He was born of very mean but vii-tuous 
parents, who, in their thriving condition, bred him at schools so far that he was * years in 
the university, but applied himself to * He spent on this account some time under the 

Harquis of Argyle, in the West Highlands of Scotland, against the McDonalds and the Marquis 
of Mountrose his party then in Scotland, as * to E James Clanbrassill, under K 

* and P * against the Irish in that party ; swore to the Solemn League and 

Covenant ; then joined with the Duke of Hamilton in the cessation with the Irish. When that 
party was beat, he joined with Cromwell's party ; was made by them a justice of the peace, and 
took the test then called positive or negative ; kept the Anabaptist meetings, and withdrew from 
Presbyterians ; thereafter (when King Charles the Second returned to his Government) betook 


himself to the Episcopal way, yet so as at sometimes he professed to be Presbyterian, and heard, 
yea, communicated with them in the time of Countess Ann Clanbrassill's widowhood ; was her 
great assistant in managing the estate, being entrusted thereunto by Earl James his will ; and for 
it, in Earl Henry's time, he gave his full endeavours and utmost assistance to suppress it, and get 
the whole estate in his power ; and a great contriver with his Lady, and assistant to her for 
destroying of the will ; then turned to Sir Hans, and James of ^NTewcastle, against the other three 
cousins ; but still, rationally, — i.e., for his own profit and gain; and, indeed, he gained well after 
Earl James's death (at which time he was judged not to be well worth £100 in all), for ere he died 
he procured fviis et modis) upwards of £400 per annum. He had two sons, and two daughters 
that became marriageable, and cast oS one son and one daughter without portions, and died with 
this character, that he was a well-bred, fair-fashioned, subtle, selfish man — a time-server, a 
flatterer, a proteus, a self-seeker; in all, his motto might well be, ** non marte sed arte," or "t?tVs 
et modis," — a true soldier of fortune, true to himself, and false to all the world.* 

Hut to return to my purpose. — According to our late agreement, Sir Hans, and James of New- 

» Tlds Captain John Bailie was son of Alexander Bailie, 
Esq., who was second son of Sir William Baillie, of La- 
mington, hy Marian, daughter of Sir John Seton. They 
had a numerous issue ; and the three eldest sons having 
maimed a clergyman, who had been taken into their father's 
house as tutor, for a grievous offence which he had com- 
mitted in their family, of which injury he died ; and the 
power of the Church at this time being great in Scotland, 
the three brothers were obliged to fly. — See " Bailie of 
Dochfour" Burlce's Landed Gentry, p. 44, 4th Ed. Alex- 
ander Bailie, the second son, settled in Ireland, at Innis- 
hargie, County Down, in the reign of James I., about the 
year 1620, and died in 1682. John, his eldest son, who 
was born in 1623, was connected by marriage with the Rap- 
lock branch of the Hamilton family, Gawen Hamilton, of 
Eaplock, having, in 1633, married Janet, daughter of Sir 
WOliam Baillie, of Lamington (see Anderson's Memoirs of 
the House of Hamilton, p. 363), and was named in the will 
of James, first Earl of Clanbrassil (see page 84, ante), as 
one of the persons to be aiding and assisting his executors 
in setting, letting, leasing out, and bettering the rents of 
such of his lands as were to be set, before his eldest son 
came of age, so that he was, no doubt, one of his confiden- 
tial friends ; and it must be considered, that the bitter 
terms in which he is above-mentioned appear from the 
context to be used by one of the parties who claimed a 
division of the entire estate, and that he writes, in almost 
equally severe terms, of at least one of the other claimants 
who resisted it. His taldng part with Lord Bargeny, may 

also probably be accounted for by his family connection 
with him, which is thus stated in Anderton's Meinoirs of the 
House of Hamilton : — " The Hon^^i^ Marjory Hamilton 
(fourth sister of John, second Lord Bargeny, who married 
the Countess Alice Clanbrassil, widow of Earl Henry), 
married William Baillie, of Lamington, and had a son, 
William, who died in his seventeenth year." — p. 217. Cap- 
tain John Bailie died in 1687, and was succeeded in Linis- 
hargie by his eldest son, James, who was bom in 1653, and 
died in 1710. He was succeeded by his second son, John, 
who was born in 1697, and died in 1759. John was suc- 
ceeded by his son, James, who sold Innishargie, and died 
in 1787. This branch of the Bailie family is now repre- , 
sented by the descendants of Colonel Bailie, a younger- •• 
brother of James,the last owner of Innishargie. The origi- j • 
nal name of Innishargie seems to have been " Inyscargi, ! 
the island of the rock." The ruins of the Church stand 
on high ground, surrounded, not by water, but by cultivated 
fields. It appears, however, that, within the last two 
centuries human industry has converted the morass into 
arable land, and the island into a hUl ; for, in a roll of the 
reign of James I., mention is made of " an island or lough 
Inuischargy, and eight townlands about or near the said 
island." — Reeves's Eccl.Antiq.of Down,"^. 19. In Harris's 
History of County Doion, it is stated, that " about the center j 
of the Ardes stands Inishargy, the mansion-house of John i 
Bailey, Esq., having two fresh water lakes to the North and ' 
South of it." — p. 48. These lakes have, however, entirely \ 
disappeared since Harris's work was published, ia 1744 ; 'i 


castle, repaired to Dublin at Term time, witli IMr. Kennedy, instructed and provided as aforesaid ; 
gave in a bill to the Chancery for proving of the will in name of the five kinsmen, against Cornet 
Henry Moore, now invested with his sister (Lady Alice) her title, and called Hamilton, alias 
Moore, whereupon he was called " Cornet Alias."^ The Cornet gives in a cross bill, to which the 
aforesaid Sir Hans and James gave their answer upon oath, affirming that Earl James his will 
was (as they verily believed) a good will, duly perfected, and carried a title of inheritance for all 
that Earl James died possessed of to the five, to be equally divided amongst the five ; and that they 
believed Earl Henry's will to be surreptitious and clandestine, and moreover void by a subsequent 
deed, whereof they credibly heard and believed that there was a rasure made in it after it was 

and the mansion-house, which was built immediately ad- 
joining the old Church, is now in a very dilapidated con- 
dition. The Church is roofless, and the walls in ruins ; 
but, on two tombstones lying within them, are the follow- 
ing inscriptions : — 







64 TEARS. 





Edward Bailie, the second son of Alexander Bailie, of In- 
nishargie, above-mentioned, to whom James, first Viscount 
Claneboye, in 1636, mortgaged Ringdufferin, otherwise 
Mylerton (which is situated opposite to Innishargie, on the 
shore of Strangford Lough), came over and settled there, 
and from him the present Eingdufferin branch of the family 
is derived. He married Elizabeth, sole daughter of James 
Dunbar, to whom Sir James Hamilton had gi-anted Bally- 
Toy, at an annual rent of £5 ; and, on his father-in-law's 
■death, succeeded to Toy, and obtained a further mortgage 

2 A 

of Ringdufi'erin from Henry, second Earl of Clanbrassil, in 
1668, which his eldest son, Alexander, who succeeded him 
in Toy, became the absolute purchaser of, in 1674:. He 
was succeeded by his son Edward, who filled the office of 
High Sheriff of Down, in 1764, and died in the year 1774, 
at the age of 84. His second son James, who succeeded 
him in Ringdufferin, was bom in 1735 : he was a magis- 
trate and Deputy Governor of County Down, and, dying in 
1819, was succeeded by his eldest son, James, who was born 
in 1797 ; called to the Irish Bar in 1834 ; was a magistrate, 
and Deputy Lieutenant of County Down, and died in 1863, 
leaving an only son, James who succeeded him in the Ring- 
dufferin estate. He took the degree of A.M. in T CD. ; 
was a major in the 87th Royal Irish Fusiliers, and served 
ten years in the East Indies ; but is now settled at Ring- 
dufferin, and is a magistrate of County Down. There is 
still a portion of the townland of Ballygarvin, in the Parish 
of Innishargie, attached to the Ringdufftirin property. 

i> Henry Moore (afterwards third Earl of Drogheda), 
assumed the surname of Hamilton, as heir to Henry, Earl 
of Clanbrazil, who, by his will, dated '27th March, 1674, 
devised all his real estate to his wife and her heirs ; which 
she bequeathed to her brother Henry, who, after an expen- 
sive law-suit, sold his interest therein, by deeds of lease and 
release, dated 17th and 18th February, 1769, for £2,400, to 
Sir Hans Hamilton, Bart., and James Hamilton, of Bangor, 
Esq. In King Charles the Second's reign he was a cornet 
of horse. After the Prince of Orange's landing in England, 
his Lordship was appointed Colonel, and, at the taking of 
Carriekfergus, 26th August, 1689, commanded a regiment 
of foot, with which he was at the battle of the Boyne, and 
at the siege of Limerick, and continued in the command of 
his regiment until the disbanding of it, in 1698. In July, 
1675, he married Mary, second daughter to Sir John Cole, 
of Newland, near Dublin, Bart., sister to Arthur, Lord 
Ranelagh, and died 7th June, llli.—See Ledge's Feerage 
of Ireland, vol. i., pp. 829, 330. 


perfected, and words put in it without Earl Henry his knowledge ; but, in the meantime (accord- 
iQo- to the Articles of Bangor), Sir Robert Hamilton (lately become son-in-law to Sir Hans 
Hamilton), James Sloan, Hugh Hamill (two of Countess Alice's great agents and confidants, 
converted to Sir Hans, and James of Newcastle, their interest, by the aforesaid articles, and 
confederates with Captain John Baily), are set on work to agree with Cornet Alias for his title and 
interest in the estate. The last two acted as his friends in persuading the Cornet ; the other (or 
first), as merchant in Sir Hans's name; and at last persuade him to sell and make the agreement 
for £2,200, which is concluded the very day after Sir Hans, and James of IS'ewcastle, had sworn 
and given in their answer to the Cornet's bill; but all this is done with the greatest secrecy, and 
Sir Hans and James of Newcastle, write to their friends in the country, that they are proceeding 
very successfully against the Cornet. Meantime, they are perfecting writings, and securing in 
great friendship, and, with consent, obtain the late bill and answer to be got out of the Court. In 
process of time, the account of the transaction comes abroad, and it is little doubted, but generally 
believed, that this bargain is for the behoof of the five kinsmen ; yea, Sir Hans, being questioned, 
say'd it was, and should be so, if they were able to provide their proportions of the money (I am 
sure, and can swear, he said it to be one engaged for against the time of payment). But the 
Articles of Bangor are yet in force ; and the next step is to make agreement, suddenly and with 
all privacy, with my Lord Bargany's agents, who were empowered by him to sell his interest, 
viz. — James Eoss, of Portavoe, Hugh Hamill, of Ballyatwood, and Hugh Montgomery, of Bally- 
magown.* This, by the assistance of Captain John Baily, was soon and well done on that same 

•• The following letters from tliese agents of Lord Bargeny, 
with a copy of the heads of the agreement which they 
entered into on his behalf, have been found among the 
family papers : — ■ 

" Donadee, 22 April, 1678. 

" Eight Hone^e^ — The enclosed was the occasion of our 
meeting here this day, which we have transmitted for your 
Lp'a perusal, and whereby you will have a larger account 
how affairs at present stand than we can write to you. 
Since our coming hither, we understand by Mr. Campbell, 
that by the last boat there came a packet from your Lp, 
directed only to Mr. Hamill, which occasioned him to 
send it away to Dublin per post, whereby we know nothing 
of your Lp's mind therein, but desire that in the future 
( you may direct your letters to Mr. Collinwood, to be by 
him transmitted to either of us. "We are but as yet blind 
guessers how matters will go, but still retaine good hopes ; 
for, notwithstanding of all Mr. Sloan brags of the invalidity 
of that paper granted by your Lady to you at Inchargy, 
Henry Moor hath, since Sloan's going up, written the en- 
closed to Mr. Eosse, which we take as a honum omen, and 
do verily believe that if they had found it to be so, they 
would never have written this letter. Mr. Eosse hath 
written him a civiU and wary answer, a copy whereof ia 

upon the back of this ; and be sui'e you take no notice of 
our sending Mr. Moor's or our own letters to you, but only 
to ourselves, for we resolve in all things to be both free 
and ingenuous with you; and, therefore, transmit the ia- 
closed back to us. Sloan's brags at Downpatrick did so 
jumble the Hamiltons, that they did not know what answer 
to give us, or what proposals to make till they were at 
Dublin ; but we expect to hear speedily from them, whereof 
your Lp shall have an account, but we pray you will not 
leave Carrick and Galloway till this and next term be over. 
Your Lp may perceive, by the enclosed, thut money is the 
tongue of the trump ; and, therefore, if you have not in 
your last writt thereanent, you must by the next think of 
supplying that defect by a particular order to Mr. Eosse. 
We can say no more at present, but that you may be as- 
sured that wherein we can serve you, we shall be ever 
ready to approve ourselves to be, my Lord, your Lp'» faith- 
full friends, and humble servants, 

" James Eosse. 

" Hugh Montgomekt. 
" To the Eight Hon^'ie John, Lord Bargany." 

" HoKORED Sir, — Yours I received, and, if I had not 
been abroad, would have answered you per last post ; and 
you might also have heard from me sooner, if 1 had not naet 


mornins,' m w 

whose cveuing- the other three cousins were ailvcrtised to meet Sir Hans, and James 

witli Mr. Sloan when he came first to this country. I tlien 
told bim what had passed between you and us at Banj,'or. 
He then told me that you did not understand your own 
affairs to make any such offer, and that if any paper was 
granted by my Lady Clanlrasil to Bargany of a life-rent, 
it was vague in hiw. Afterwards, I met with him at our 
Assizes, in Downpatrick, where he shewed me at a distance 
a parchment, which he said was a true copy of what my 
Lady signed, and that it was vague in itself; whereupon 
I desired him to give me the said parchment, or a copy 
thereof, and that I and my fellows should immediately go 
to councill with it ; and, that if we found it to be so as he 
says, that then we would lay down the cudgels as to a life- 
rent, and come to more easy terms with you ; but upon no 
account would he shew me it in hand, or leave it with me 
to take councill on it. I then told him I could not under- 
stand his reason for so doing, except it were to protract a 
chargeable suit both to you and my L'^ Bargany. I did 
then believe that all hopes of a composition were at an 
end, and did thereupon only write to you in civility, ac- 
cording to my promise in Bangor. And now, S'', if you be 
the same man as you were at Bangor, in relation to that 
affaire, we are ready to treat with you ; but if you be of 
Mr. Sloan's opinion, it's to no purpose, except you show 
US the true copy of that paper granted by my Lady Clan- 
brasill to her L^ Bargany, whereupon we may take coun- 
sel ; and, if we clearly see and understand it to be vague, 
then we will treat with you on easier terms ; wherefor I pray 
let me have your mind herein per next post, for until I have 
your answer, I am sure it's needless for me or any else to 
go up to Dublin on that account. My L* Bargany is 
desirous, at least willing, a friendly end be made, but 
thinks your ofier very mean ; for both his L'^p and we are 
confident of a life-rent, until such time you demonstrate 
the contrary to us, and then you shall find us to be willing 
to deal with you upon more rationall terms. I expect to 
hear from you per next ; in the meantime, you may assure 
yourself that I account all money needlessly siDent at law 
is worse than plays at dice, or cast at the cock, and that a 
friendly accommodation shall ever be the desire of him 
who is, (ire, " James Eoss, 

" To Henry Moore, Esq., &c." 

" Dublin, 23rd April, 1678. 
"DearNeighbr, — I doe admire that I have not heard from 
you since I came to this place, whether my 'L'^ Bargany 
hath given any instruction or answer of our letter,' and 
also of what I sent him from this. Since my coming, I 
have filed a bill agt Mr. Moore, and all the famelly, for 
discovery, but have deferred the main bill, until they 
answer that. They have filed a bill agt the Hamiltous, and 
my L<i, wherein they acknowledge my L^ had such a re- 
servation as we alledge ; but say the same was never per- 
fected, so that you must go to Mr. Bead, and gett him 
again to recollect himselfe, whether there was any power 
of revocacion in that paper which he saw signed, and give 
me an acct. I have not as yett come to any proposals with 
the Hamiltons, nor can we, until we see farther in the 
matter; but the maine matter is, that Dr. Topham is 
taking out his Elegit agt my L<i, for want of his halfe. 
yeare's rent, and, it he doth, will undoubtedly put my Ld 

out of possession, and, besides tlie giving of it to the 
enimys, will be our euiury in Court. Here is also Sloaue 
entering up his outlawry, with several others, which if not 
paid, will undoubtedly stop all my L'^'" proceedings ; there- 
fore, my Ld must not failc to send our money to pay Sloane, 
which is a just debt, and also to pay D^. Topham's half- 
yearo's rent, which are things he can never avoyde, and by 
delay will doe a great dale of evell, whereof I pray write 
to my L^, and also to me, of all matters, which, with my 
service to yi' selfe. Madam Hamilton, and my good neigh- 
bour, is all from, dear neighb'', your real neighbr, and 
humble serv*, " Hugh Hamill. 

" For God's sake write sharply to my L<i. 
"To Hugh Montgomery, of Ballymagowne, Esq., neare 
Belfast— These." 

"June y« 25th, 1678. 
"Dear Cousin, — My neighbour came hither upon Sunday 
night, and we have spent yesterday, and this day, takeing 
advice of councill in my Lord's affair, and find but little 
ground to depend upon my L*'* life -rent. We have also 
comontd with the Hamiltons, but doe not find that they 
will, upon any account, deale with us, they being frightened 
with the great suit tlie L<1 Dunagall hath now against my 
Ld for the burned house, and IDi'.Topham who threatens 
no less than ruin to us three, and the whole jury that sat 
upon the enquiry. You nor no man that did not hear what 
Topham sayes, can imagine what mischeefe he threatens; 
besides, the whole creditors are about to outlaw my L^, and 
so render him uncapable of any benefit of the law ; and 
all we can bring the Hamiltons to, for our lives, is, they are 
contented to pay my L^ what money he really laid out 
upon the mortgages, if we will save them harmless of Top- 
ham. We can say no more at present, but what further in 
us lyes, shall not be wanting, but we are but in a sad per- 
dicament; whatever can be further done you shall know 
next from your affectionate cousin, and humble servts, 
" Hugh Montgojiert. 
" Hugh Hajhll. 
" To James Boss, Esq., attPortivoe, near Belfast— These.' 

"Donadee, 8th July, 1678. 
" Rt Honeie^ — -^e are returned from Dublin, on Friday 
last late, and this day meet at this place, of purpose to give 
yo^ Ldsp an account of our proceedings there, which, in 
short is — that att, our first meeting with the Hamiltons, they 
were so mightily puffed up with Mr. Sloane's advice of the 
invallidity of your L^^p'^ life-rent, and insoemuch that Sir 
Hans Hamilton and James offered att last either to give 
your L''sp what really you had laid out on the mortgages, 
or else to refer all your title, both of the mortgages andof 
ye life-rents, to y« councill of both sides, to determine with 
ye debts obligatory upon you since your marriage with my 
Lady, and which, on consultation with our councill, we 
darstnot venture, as you indeed being lyable to all those 
debts ; and, therefore, in conclusion, we have thought fit to 
end thus— viz., they are to give you £2,700, really laid out 
by you on the mortgages — £300 being abated for the bond 
in ye Lady Drogheda's hand, and to secure you against that 
and all ye debts either contracted by my Lady, or by your 
Ldp on her account on anywise ; and you are toindempnify 
them of the bond in Baiou Henne's hands, and of all youy 


of Newcastle, at Hamilton' s-Bawn, the first meeting being at Macherelin. 
dealt with by his trustees, I leave to his narrative. 

How my Lord was 

other debts, either to Sloane or any other ; you are to re- 
ceive ye May annuity of your £2,700; and they, to secure 
you of ye payment of your mony by gales, and ye interest 
as we can agree, j'our giveing them security of yor sone's 
conveying the mortgages to them when he comes to age. and 
towards what charges and expence yo^ L^p have been at since 
my Lady's death, and, to make good the former promise 
which I told youv L^p of, they have promised £200 more. 
The lormer coudicious, and what other circumstances are, 
time will not now permitt us to give you ace* of, ye boat just 
going; but we are to meet on Thursday next to perfect, when 
your h'^P may be assured of all the faithfull endeavours and 
dilligence as if it were our own a thousand times, that we 
may.according to our just inclinations, appear, Rt Hon'^'e, 
your L'lp's ever real humble serves, 

"Ja. Eoss. 

" jJuGH Montgomery. 

" Hugh Hamill. 
" To the Rt Honbie Lord Bargany— These." 

*' Portavoe, ye 16 August, 1678. 
" R'f HoN'^i''', — "Wee have this day reed a letter from yor 
L'isp of the 9th instant, from Ballintra, and also another of 
the 24th July, from Edinburgh, wherein yo'" L^'^p desired 
wee might desist in proceeding further with Sir Hans Ha- 
milton and James Hamilton, wei trully did very much sur- 
prise us, considering wee had formerly given yo^ L^sp a full 
acct of our positive agreem*, wb then wee informed you was 
soone after to be drawne into articles ; and, allso, having 
reed, i^y yors of ye 14th July, an ace* of yo^ receipt thereof, 
which gave noe contradiction, but rather an approbation of 
ye sd agreem* ; whereupon, wee proceeded, acording to our 
then acct, and att Mackerlin entered into articles of ye said 
agreem'; and, for the true performance and better assurance 
of ye CO vents on all sides, we entered into bonds, each to other, 
of the sum of £5,000, to perfect the same into Deeds att our 
last Assizes, so farr as was in our power to doe, and yt yor 
L^sp should confirme ye same, according to the covents of 
the said agreemt, wet deeds, at ye s^ Assizes, were accord- 
ingly perfected and done. But yo=" Lisp's the same day 
coming to our hands, made us truelly to repent that ever 
wee had concerned ourselves in soe troublesome and un- 
luckie an affair, considering on how small and uncertain 
grounds yoi' L<isp gave us such a letter, who, in the sight of 
God and all just men, have been soe dilligent and carefull 
in the preservation of what interest wee could here make 
for you, without the least advantage to ourselves. And we 
leave it to all just and indifferent persons who ever under- 
stood anything of the merit of yor affairs, wlietlier we have 
not done those things weii may be answerable before God, 
and much better to yor advantage than ever otherwise by law 
you might have expected. And, for the reports of those 
who wee are certain gave yor L^^p ye information you writt 
of, it is evident, both by that and other particulars, that 
they gave it rather out of a particular littigious and trouble- 
some humour, for ye vexation of their owne relations not 
getting part of ye purchase from Henry Moore, than out of 
either respect or kindness to yor L'd^p ; for, before our 
agreemt, none ever so much sleightedandundervallued yo*^ 

Ldsp'g interest and title as they, tho' now seeme to declare 
the contrary. And that \i<^^, secondly, provoked them 
agamst us, was, because in our agreem' we did not make 
them partners, or desist until they could procure yor Lisp's 
order for it, which if we had done till they had agreed, wee 
could never have gotten by a thousand pound to what wee 
have ; and it was a thing we durst not venture — the neces- 
sity of our affaires by Topham and others urgeing the 
contrary; besides, having sufficiently found the evill of 
delays in the beginning of this affaire with Henry Moore, 
and well, by all appearance, might have been as fatall in 
this ; neither did we ever look upon the words or securitys 
of those who soe endeavoured * * soe long 
winded storys, without one farthing money offered, to be 
worth either yor L^^p'' delay, or our ti'ouble ; but that in 
conscience, our faithfull service and equity, we were obliged 
to make the best and surest end for yor Lisp's advantage, 
without respect to any person whatsoever; for truly, wee 
must acknowledge, had not Sr Hans Hamilton's interest in 
the country been more than we could expect, Doctor Top- 
ham's last inquiry had certainly found an estate in you, 
wet, jiad they done, yor Lisp's title here had but signified 
little. The heads of our agreemt ^ee have here inclosed, 
sent you for yor perusall, and desire that by next you will 
give us an ace* whereabouts yor L^^p may be waited upon 
by ye midle of Septemr, or thereabouts ; for then Mr. James 
Hamilton, with one of us, intend to waite on you for the 
perfection of what on your part is to be yet done, for till 
then wee can expect noe further security for yor mony than 
the coven's now agreed on. Mr. Sloane's mony you will 
finde by the inclosed is ordered as you desired, and all 
other matters to the best of our endeavours, to give you 
satisfaction ; soe, till meeting, shall only conclude, that 
from being ever concern'd on thelike vexatious, troublesome, 
and hazardous undertakings (good Loi'd de iver us) ; and 
that we are, K' Hon^'ie, yor L^s^p'^ ever faithfull and humble 
serv's, " Ja. Ross, 

" Hu. Montgomery, 
" Hu. Hamill. 
" To the Right HonWe Lord Bargany— These." 
" The heads of ye agreem* made and concluded between 
James Ross, Esq., Hugh Montgomery, Esq., and Hugh 
Hamill, gent., in name and behalf of John, L^ Bargany, of 
ye oue part, and Sr Hans Hamilton, Kut., and James Ha- 
milton, Esq., of ye other part, viz. — 

" Iiiiprimis — The said James Ross, Hugh Montgomery, 
and Hugh Hamill, hath firmly granted, sold, assigned, and 
set over, unto ye sd S^ Hans Hamilton, and James Hamil- 
ton, All that, the sd Ld Bargany, his interest and title in 
Ireland, of what sort soever, chattels or otherwise, together 
with ye two mortgages of Bangor and Ballywalter, &c., 
made to the said James Ross, with all the arreai-s of rents, 
except what is due out of the mortgages, att May last and 
before, whereof the sd James Ross, Hugh Montgomery, and 
Hugh Hamill is obleidged in £5,000 bonds, yt yo sd Ld Bar- 
gany, and John Hamilton, Esq., Master of Bargany, shall, att 
or before October next, perfect all such other or further se- 
curitys, as by ye councill learned in ye Law of ye said Sr 


I must now divert a little, and crave pardon — yea, I am sorry for it — to give an account of Sir 
Eobert Hamilton, lately mentioned, because he comes often in our way, and in several capacities, 

Hans Hamilton, and Jas. Hamilton, shall be reasonably 
advised, devised, or required, being att the costs and 
charpes of the &d Sir H:i iS and James Hamilton, in con- 
sideration whereof,.j6 s^'' Sir Hans Hamilton, and James 
Hamilton, is to enter into n Stat, staple, before the M;iyor 
and constables of ye staple of Cairickfergus, of all their 
lands and tenements, goods and chattels, within the King- 
dom of Ireland, as, also, aL'ainst their bodys, of £6,000, lor 
ye pavmt of the sum of £2,900 sterling, with the growing 
annuity iherf upon, att 10 per cent, pi' annum, in > e gales 
following, viz: — £d45. on je first day of Nov. next en- 
suing the dale hereof— £ '.25, on the first day of May, lt79 ; 
£600, on the first of Ncter next following ; £575', on the 
first dav of Mav, 1680 : £550. the first day of Novr. following ; 
and £525, the first diiy of May, 1681. All wch gales or 
any of tliem, not being paid at the severall days aforesaid, 
the said Lord Bargnny may extend ye Stat, aforesaid, for 
ye whole sum of £6,0(0 aforesaid, ag^t ye aforesaid lands 
and tenmts. &c., also against their bodys. 

"Item — The fd Sr Hans Hamilton and James Hamilton is 
pbleiged to indenij.nifie and save harmless y« b<5 Ld Bar- 
gany, of. and from, all the bonds and judgemt^ granted un- 
to Doctor Jo. Topham, with a^ executions thereupon, also 
from yehouse burnt in Angier Street, Dublin; also of one 
bond and jndgemt of iSlO or thereabouts, to Mich Cole, Of 
Dublin; also one bond of £?,00 to Allice, Countess Of 
Drogheda: also one bond of £40, or thereabouts, to Capn 
William Hamilton ; also one bond on an award for ^e pay. 
ment of £145 to Hugh Nicholson ; also from ye wages of 
all the ser\t3 of the late Henry, Earl of Clanbrasill. and of 
Allice, Countess of Clai.brasiil, late wife of the s<i L^ Bar- 
gany, and also from all other debts, dues, or demands, shop 
accts, or other reckonings whatsoever, due or pay^ie by the 
sd Earl or Countess of Clanbrasill. excepting only such 
debts as ye &d Lord Baigany made properly his own, and 
had allowance for. 

" The bd Ld Bargany is to save harmless the sd Sir Hans 
Hamilton and Jnmes Hamilton, of ail the dtbts properly 
due or accountable for by himself, viz., James Koss, James 
Sloane's bonds, &c." 

" Donadee, ye 16th Sept., 1678. 

W HoNBi^,— Yr Ldp3 of the last 'August came to our 
hands the 14th inst. ; and, as to our apprehensions in our 
last, our gi'eat cause of conjecture was meerely from 
what some of Ihose persons we doubted to ourselves openly 
declared they had and would endeavour with your Ldp in 
that affair, nor could we imagine how otherwise y Lp could 
be moved to anv such thoughts, nor can we yet consider 
what kind ol lawyer that can be, who adviseth so clear a 
title of Life-rent to yLp on that last paper, it being so 
positively slighted by (we are sure) the best law7ers of this 
kingdome ; besides, that paper we could never get a sight 
of, nor advice where we might have it, nor of any person 
that could swear one woid of the contents of it, but seve- 
rall to the contraiy tffect, if it had come to tryall ; and,' as 
to yr mortgages, it's true they were preferable to Henry 
Moor's Deed, they being on a valluable consideration, and 
his a Deed of voluntary gift, which is but fraudulent agt 
creditors ; jett, y Lp must know asturedly, that by law 

you were, and must have been, lyable to all the debts con- 
tracted by my Lady after marriage, as also all servants' 
wages ; for that Deed rf Henry Moor only included my 
Ld Clanbrassill's and her debts, which by the law was re- 
solved to be only such debts as were due befoie the make- 
ing of that Deed, as also the law makes a man lyable to all 
his wife's debts ; for, aitho' by yr ai tides of mariiage you 
were denuded of my Lady's estate, yett you were not of 
her debts, nor could any article with her doe it, which if 
any lawyer of England advise the contrary, it is to us a 
wonder (we having so lully advised ithere with the best), and 
also a matter of common practise every day As to y» 
mortgages being drawne in James Kosse's name to avoyde 
creditors, had we not deferred our answers to the Bill of 
Dr. Topham against us, yr Ldp knowes wee must have de- 
clared that money to have been yi's, and he only in trust ; 
and truelly had not Sr Hans Hamilton's interest prevailed 
with the jury, as we formerly gave yr Lp an ace*, on Kan- 
dallBrice's evidence, yr owue owning it and discharging 
of his rent in yr name, it would have undf ulita! y been 
found in you ; besides, any conveyance or other settlement 
of an estate made or assigned by 'the father to the sone, 
being a minor, is adjudged by oiir law agt creditors, ipso 
facto, fraudulent. And lastly, as to the mortgages, you never 
were legally seized or possessed ot Ballywalter, etc.. and 
so, consequently, must have had a suite for that at comon 
law, before you could have enjoyed it ; all which Hugh 
Hamill severally gave > r Lp an a'ccount of from Councill 
when he was with you there, and is that, that all lawyers 
or that understand the law must acknowledge. The £150 
bond yr Lp writes ot with Baron Heun,that p ;per whereof 
Hugh Hamill hath the copv, as also bv yr jlp, we really 
believe it was no part of ttie mortgages, but on that acet 
you write of; therefore, it will and must lie on yr Lp to 
make it out, or if otherwise, they will expect an allowance 
for it; but we thought it better to stand to the haz ird of 
making that out, than to allow it as part of the mortgages, 
the one we were forced to doe, and therefore are bound to 
free them of it, as by our former we gave you an ace*, the way 
of our security we also gave yr Lp an a'cc* ot, which is the 
only and the best way of security this kingiome affords ; 
but belore it be perfected, some of us must be with you, 
and then discourse fully with yr Lp of all matters in 
this affaire. Which, as we formerly have cerlified you, we 
hereby again confirm, that what we hitherto have done, 
we did to the best of our judgments and knowledges, and 
with the advice of ye best la-.vyers, to yr Lp's best advan- 
tage (lett who will say the contrary). This we uoe and 
will avow before G od and man, and with confidence con- 
clude, as we ever have done, & HonWe, yr Lp'^ most lliith- 
full and humble servants, "J.vmes Koss, 

" Hugh Moxtgomjeet, 
"Hugh Hajiill. 

"It -will be about the middle of Octobr before Mr. Ha- 
milton can be over ; therefor, we pray be not tar off, but lot 
us know where vr Lp will be, at or about that time. 

" To the Rt HouWe John. Ld Bargany. 

" To be seat his Lp from Ballintre, with care and haste. 



in our subseqiTcnt acconnt. As to his descent, or parentage, T can give no certain account, in 
regard his mother, and grandmother (by her), are under various and dismal characters ; yet a good 
man, and Minister too, owned and gave him his education at the University of St. Andrew's, He 
was early ambitious of being a R * or Philosophy Professor, and which he purchased, for 

anything I know, by fair dispute ; but, soon after, by ambition to shew his great parts, put forth 
in print (after a reprimand given him by some of his friends and masters of the College, who did 
see them in writing), philosophical theses, which ^- could defend at the public * 

* * of his scholars, which, being taken notice of by the divines and masters of these two 

Colleges, were found to be very erroneous and blasphemous, such as " non est naturaliter impossible 
'^' '^'- cum mare,''^ and the like. He was advertised to retract these, but 

would not ; whereupon, he was adjudged to deprivation of his office, and his gown (the badge of 
his profession), for disgrace sake, to be publicly torn over his head, which was accordingly done 
by public authority, the then Archbishop Sharpe concuiTing in his authority with this sentence. 
The disgrace of this put him to abandon his native country, together with fear of further prose- 
cution (least, perhaps, he should have died in his grandmother's bed, and be deprived of a 
grave and burial), and fly to Holland, and spend some time for diversion and improvements. The 
next thing we hear of him is, that he comes to England, where, for his improvement in. 
writing, true English, and arithmetic, he serves a brewer, in the quality of clerk to the brewhouse, 
for some time; thence, creeps into some acquaintance with the Duke of Lauderdale's servants, 
and, at last, by their kind character, into the Luke's own acquaintance, who (being himself a very 
learned courtly scholar), finding him to be a sharp philosopher and quick disputant, continues 
and employs him in some service, particularly being then designed to destroy the liberty of the 
subject, and put the Government to absolute monarchy ; employs him, perhaps concurs with him, 
to write a book, by way of problem and thesis, to dispute this point in several particulars, such 
as that it was lawful for the King of England, and his right, to levy taxes from his subjects with- 
out the consent of Parliament, and so to make war and peace at his pleasure, and others of this 
kind ; and, for this end, he goes to Holland to print the book, and bring and disperse copies of it 
in England. With all, he was the fitter for this service that he had nothing to lose, and purchased 
great friendship and applause at Court, for which he was often in hazard, and forced to walk by 
moonlight, but the Court generally sheltered him ; yet so as it was found convenient to come 
into Ireland, with assurance of friendship from Lauderdale (especially) and others. His first ap- 
pearance in Ireland was in the quality of Doctor of the Civil Law, and as a Counseller-at-Law, and 
so put on another gown ; but his practice proved so little, that it could not maintain his gown and 
man with the green bag ; wherefore, he gets friends to move for him that he be entertained as agent 


for the Scottish nobility and gentry of Ireland, at the Court of England, and this has but little better 
•uccess; only this, and his reputed learning, especially of the language of "Whitehall, promoted 
him to a great deal of respect with the gentry, insomuch as he assumes the confidence to court Sir 
Hans Hamilton's only daughter, and with his countenance and allowance for a time, and great ac- 
ceptance with his daughter and his lady all along. Sir Hans, after some time's acquaintance wilh 
him, and hearing reports of him which were unpleasant (such as we have mentioned, and perhaps 
worse), endeavoured to resist and suppress this * but too late ; and, importunately, he 

is drawn and forced to it by his lady and daughters' wishes for it. He, for this, having 
obtained the honor of knighthood, and a great show of interest at Whitehall, after some fierce 
resistance, obtains the lady, to the great grief of all her friends, except her mother. And now 
he dwells Avith his lady, and has obtained, in one, what he sought for in many years and ways, viz., — 
riches, and honour, and a fine lady ; yet Sir Hans is shy and unfriendly towards him, and their 
carriage to one another very variable and unstable. Shortly after, Sir Hans's lady sickened, lan- 
guished, and died ; and, not long after, the young lady died also, leaving one son behind her, so 
that now Sir Eobert must * and Sir Hans scrue him to his mind ; and Sir Hans must 
make use of him as his occasions require, yet both doubtful of the issue. And what followed of 
him the subsequent discourse will give account of, as his life and manner of acting is now no 
secret. Only (1) it may be well be say'd of him, that he is consonant with himself— for he took 
early up with arbitrary government, and sticks well by it ; he professed the lawfulness of "* 
! * in a single life, and did accordingly ; he professed he should never marry a * with it ; 
he resolved to marry his son at thirteen years of age, and did it ; he declared (and sent the 
message by his cousin and counsel, Hans Trail,) that he would make no agreement with the friends 
of the family, but what law would conclude and necessitate him to, and has done it. (2} Whether 
he hath been more wise or fortunate, and what shall bs the end of his course, I can but conjec- 
ure, — but time will tell. 


Op the Ageeemexxs and Disagreements op the Pive Cot7SIN3 in Sir Hans his lifetime; 
HIS Death and Chaeactee. 

TTlien Sir Hans, anrl James of Newcastle, had settled themselves in their now * and 

titles thereunto ; made their friendship with all Lady Alice, her agents, counsels, clerks, &c. ; 
had got all the papers of the estate into their hands, and the estate into their possession," and so 
inuch bruss to give them confidence to avow what they had done and designed, then they call for 
the other three cousins to Hamilton' s-Bawn, and make a great shew of kind and learned speeches, 

» The following copy of a rental for the year 1681, of 
the estate of wkicli Alice, Countess of Clanbrassil, died 
seized and possessed, whict was so purchased by Sir Hans, 
and James of Newcastle, and according to which, a division 
of the estate was made between them, has been found 
among the family papers : — 

" A Jtentron for the year 1681. 


tenants' names. TEiRLT RENT. 






and ■ .. 

David Bold 


Greerisle , 

B;il)y fringe 

Robert Allan 

14 14 


J.,mes Mnxwell 




Jumes Maxwell 




James M xwell 


Ball) hiUbert Mill 

John Bead 



Glasseragh \ 
and I 

David Bold 

22 14 

St. John's Quarter ) 


Mrs. Trail 



Kowreagh v 


James Sloan 



Ballygarvan Three hundred acres — James Sloan 5 

Sixty acres.^Edwd. Baily 


Eoddins. Duno\er, &l 

. Moore 



Balhhi.mliu Half.. 

John Bold 



John Bailv,Esq. .. 



John Baily, Esq. ,. 


Kirculibin \ 
ar,d [ 
Mill ) 

John Baily, Esq. . . 



Hugh Montgomery, Esq 



Hugh Montgomeij.Esq 



Hugh Wallace 


Balh at« ood 

Hugh Hamill, Esq. 



WLite Church .. 

John Blackwood .. 



James Moore 



Hugh Hamilton . , 


Fisher Quarter 

Wm. Hamilton, Esq. 


Bally giaffia 

\Vm. Hamilton, Esq. 



Ballywalter To»7N. 
Water Mill and Wind James Cringle 
Mill. The Eight Wm. Stewart 
Acre Park. Three Wm. Stewart 
Tenements, &e. 
Ten Acres of land, 


Wm. Stewart 
. Widow Duggan 

Robert Simpson .. 

George Byeis 

Wm. M^Ciurgh, & Alex, 
I M'Robiii'sVExts, 

Hugh Montgomery, Esq 

Eneas M-Mullan . . 

John Johnston 

James Smith 

Widow Browne 

Widow Grtgg 

Mr. Beatty's Exrs. 
J Jaha G-as. 

Widow Scott 

Wm. Byers 

James Hamilton .. 
) John Patterson 
/ Widow Shearer 

Joseph M'Kitiick . . 

James Miichell 
i Margaret Scott 

Wm M'Sloflau ., 

Robert Long 

Patiick Orr 

Richard Lockart . . 

Robt. CauTpbeli 

Robert Wainock .. 

Jobn M'Narry 

Hugh Hamilton . . 


Archd. Moore 

James Cringle 

Widow Moore 


Jolin Warnock 

James Aniston 

John Delop 

£ s. 

20 12 
2 4 


1 16 


1 2 
1 9 




1 10 

1 1 
4 13 

2 6 

2 2 


3 8 

1 2 

1 12 

2 1 
2 9 
2 5 


1 11 10 

2 13 10 
6 9 
2 14 8 
2 2 4 
8 2 

1 10 



shewing that since thtnt" last meeting, tliey had purchased Cornet Moore's, and my Lord Bargany's 
titles, by the advice of tlieir lawyers, who assured them that Earl James his will, if it were proven, 


Ballywalter Town, Widow Lend - £0 6 6 

(continued). Widow Warnock - 14 

Thomas M-Cullan - 2 3 4 

Malhew M-Crea - 18 

Widow Byf-rs - 1 12 8 

Widow Gibson - 2 12 9 

Gilbert Simpson - 15 8 

Widow White, during 

her life, nil. 

Mr. Archd. Hamilton 2 18 4 

Hugh Hamill, Esq. 10 2 3 

The Rectorial Tithes 
niidispnsed of to any, 
and valued at - 4 14 10 

Memorandum, that there is £10 16 8 of the foregoing 
rents of the manor of Ballywalter, to be held in common 
between Sir Hans Hamilton, and James Hamilton, Esq., 
their heirs and assigns, daiiug the continuance of my 
Lord Primate's lease. 
Hollywood Lands. 

^^1. : } David Kennedy £12 

Cregivad - David Kennedy . 7 

BaUygreny - David Kennedy - 10 

Dunlady . Mr. Aichibald Hamilton 10 

Ballymenaght - John H; milton - 2 5 

Carrowreagh. &c. - Doctor Hugh Kennedy 18 

Ballyknocknegowney&cJas. itusi, Esq. - 22 

Kileene - James Koss, Esq. - 5 

Ballylisnaskeagh - James Riss, Esq. - 15 

Ballyregan - James Koss, Esq. - 27 8 

Strantowne, &c. - Wm. Hamilton, Esq. 25 9 

Ballymaser - Jas. Sloane - 7 10 

Ballycloghan, &c. - Jas. H uiiilton, Esq. 9 6 5 

Ballyhackamore - Lient. Gtwen Hamilton 5 10 

BallymcCarret, &c. Thos. Pottinger 20 

Knock-Collumkill William Hamilton, Esq. 14 

Church Qr. Dundokell. 

, Andrew Dixon £8 4 

! NinianTate - 5 

John Jaekson - 5 

Jr hn Dunlap - 15 

James Luudy - 14 

Widow Bi owne, and John 

M-Neily - 10 

Jane Moore - 12 

Revd. Jackson M'GuLre, 

and Mr. Pat. Hamilton 3 
The Water Mill of Dun- 
donnell, and eightscore 
of land — William Mont- 

Ballvlisbredan, &c. John Cumin - 2 

Ballygrany - Thos. IVl'Ilratli - 14 

Ballyoran - William Hamilton, Esq. 10 

Ballyrussely - Hugh Hamill. Esq. 20 

The Priory House Mr. George Wallace 6 

denominations. tenants' names. yearly rent. 

Hollywood Town. 

William Russell - £2 4 3 

Geo. Mally - 2 10 

John MDowell - 19 

Wm. Criswell - 2 16 4 

John Kennedy - 5 9 2 

John Gibbon - 2 8 

Gawen Russell - 19 

Widow Cowey - 3 10 9 

J..huM-Holl - 13 

James M'Murray - 6 6 

Widow Wardon - 2 2 10 

James Caul - 3 16 

James Criswill, sen. 2 8 10 

John Correy - 8 2 

Widow Caul - 19 4 

Wm. FuUerton - 2 5 6 

Richd. Coney - 4 17 6 

Widow Low^an - 19 4 

Widow Wilson - 2 14 

J()hn Long - 6 6 

Geo. Watt, and Geo. 

i Forrest - 2 16 

'John R ibinson - 13 

•Wm. Barclay - 112 

IjohriTianible - 12 4 

teughM-MuUan - 8 2 

Samuel Wffglit - 19 4 

Wm. Cowden - 3 11 10 

John Moore - 16 4 

Alex Read - 1 14 4 

Widow Cooper - 9 8 
Widow Hathhorne, and 

Wm Watt. - 1 18 10 

John Robb - 1 13 9 

Widow Danison - 118 

Hugh Criswill - 19 2 

Widow Wallace - 4 1 

.' Jimes Peticrue - 1 12 8 

James Sim - 1 10 

James Chambers - 2 13 

'. John MLaughlin - 1 3 11 

Archd. Lenox - 1 16 7 

Josias Milton - 19 2 

Widow Laughlin - 19 8 

John Watt - 19 3 8 
The Tvthes, Rectorial 
and Vicarial, set for 

per annum. - 11 
Concealment of lands, 

valued at - 2 

Memorandum. — That the town of Hollywood is to pay 

£8 per annum to the College of Dublin, for ever. 

Ringhaddy, &c. 66 4 

RingdufiFerin . Aloxr. Baily - 14 

Bredagh, &c. - ' Mr. St. John Webb - 5 14 

GaUwally - William Beers - 15 


could bring no more to them than Lady Ann her jointure, or some life-rents and freeholds that 
were not mentioned in the common recovery which Earl Henry made, and whereon a fine was levied; 




Creviheavarick, &c. 




Bangor Lands. 

Portavo, &c. 

Bailo-w, jnxta mare, &c. 


Ballymaconnell, &c. 

Ballymaconnick, &c. 


Granshough, &c. - 


Conlige,>alf, &c. - 

Ballow, part, &c. - 

Ballow jMxte Bangor 


Ballygilbert, &c. - 

Ballyvemon, &c. - 

Part Killare, &c. - 
Ballyomon, &c. 

Part KiUare, &c, - 
Ballysallogh, major 
Bryan's HiU, &c, - 
Part KiUare 
Twelve acres of Bryan's 

BAMaoK Toww. 

tenants' names. 
\Gawen Hamilton 

John Baily, Esq. 
iThomas Bradly 
(Wm. Hamilton, Esq 

Gawen Hamilton 

yearly rent. 





3 10 


James Ross, Esq. 
James Boss 
John Hamilton 
John SwadJin 
John Blackwood 
John Blackwood 
Mr. Robert Maxwell 
120 acres— Hugh White 
Robert Moore 
William Hogg 
Robert M'Creery - 
60 acres, &c.— Alice 
\ M'Mehan 

James Hamilton, Esq. 
Alexr. Hamilton 
Wm. Cr afford 
Alexr. Hamilton, or 

Wm. Crafford 
John Stevenson 
William Hogg - ) 

John Stevenson - ) 
i Mr. Ramsey's Heirs \ 
Mr. Ramsey's Heirs ) 
Mr. Archdj Hamilton 

John Stevenson 

Patrick M'Mechan 
Andrew M'Caldon 
James Blackwood 
Widow M'Caily 
Alexr. Parker 
Finlay Martin 
Finlay Martin's Widow 
James M'Mechan 
James M'Mpchan 
)Widow Nelson 
JGeorge Kennedy 
"Ninian M'Kelvy 
James Biglam 
James Biglam 
James Biglam 
James Biglam 
James Biglam 
John Stevenson 
Thos. M'Kelvey 
Jno. Swaline's JExrs. 
Wm. Gastle 
Alex. Ritchy 
John M'Cardy 



27 3 8 
2 4 

14 10 


15 10 

9 15 


4 14 



17 3 8 

10 16 
10 10 

22 10 
10 16 


9 3 


6 9 


3 13 

7 6 

10 9 

6 9 


15 11 


18 6 

6 9 

10 2 
14 2 
2 10 

1 10 9 
13 6 
6 9 


Bangor Town, 


Tenants' names. yearlt 

iThos. MFerran - £0 

'James Kelly - 

Robert Thompson - 
Jno. M'Mechan, shoemaker 

Widow Lenox 
John Sliaw 

John Miibaule & mother 
Robert Loggan 
John Loggan 
Robert Kindsay 
Alex. M'Amt 
Alex Wily 
Thos. M-Carly 
James M-Carly 
Widow Whitla 
Andrew M'Ferran 
Ja. Lindsay 
Robert Sterlin 
Widow M'Mechan - 
James M'Mly 
Widow Ritchy 

Hugh Nicholson 
William M H. 

John Campbell 
^William Simpson 
'Patrick Hannah 

Wm. M'Cormick 

Patrick Cleland 

William M'Mechan - 

Robert Hamilton 

Pat M'Dowell 

Hugh Hamilton 

Ja. Whitla 

Widow Cleland 

Ja. Blackwood 

Caghtry M'Connell - 

Robert Hamilton, tailor 

John Watson 

James M'Dowell 
.John Bleakly, senior 
*Wm. Wallace 

Wm. Gibson 

James Carmuheall - 

Alex. M'Caituy 

John Blackwood 

John Blackwood 

James Anderson's widow 

Andrew Finlay 

John Watson 

James Anderson 

James Black 

James Blakely 

Robert Finlay 

Archd. M'Gihbon - 

John Henderson 

John Davison 

Wm. Young 

John Smith 




13 11 

13 6 


9 9 

2 6 
6 9 

15 10 


6 9 

IG 6 

6 9 

9 6 

10 6 

6 9 

6 9 


13 6 

8 7J 

12 4 

6 9 


18 6 

9 11 


19 4 

18 6 

14 3 

13 6 

6 9 

5 3 

11 5 
9 6 

6 9 

13 6 

14 3 
6 9 

6 9 
6 9 

16 4 

16 U 
7 10| 

12 10 

13 6 




that Cornet Moore being resolved to sell his title, and 

some others resolved and ready to buy it, 

Bangor Town, 


tenants' names. 

John Pjtteisoa 
fWin. Hollyday 
' Win. H^)Ilviliiy, assignee 
to J.ilm Syers - 

Wm. Hollyday. assignee 
to John ISyers 

Wm. Hamilton 

Edmond KelJy, orEobt. 

John Luke, Exr. 


Jo]in^akely, jun. 

Andrew Clarke 

Widow M'Kelvy 

Alex. Maxwell 

Widow Purdy 

Hugh Rea 

Hugh Moore 

Jas. Hamilton, John 
Leslie's Exr. 

David Montgomery - 

Widow Greer 

John Cleland, or John 

Widow Hamilton 

John Henderson. John 
Gibbon's Assign 

Nathaniel Forsythe - 

Mr. Archibald Hamilton 

Thos. Bradly 

Thos. Bradley, or John 

Andrew Auderson 
John M'Meohan 
John M'Mechan 
John Hairis 
John Petticrew 
Mr. James Hamilton 
Mr. James Hamilton 
James Dunlap 
John Dunlap 
Thos. Oir 
Wm. Martin 
Wm. M-Combe 
John Gilmore 
Yalentine Watson 
Alexander Dobby 
John Gilpatrick 
John Walsou 
James Kennedy 
Robert Anderson 
John Gowdy, schoolmaster 
Hugh Gervin 
Thos. Feiguson, Assig- 
nee to John Malley 
Eobert Smith 
Widow Laggan 
Hugh Wilton 
. Wm. Bi own 
' Randulph Price, Esq. 
James Maxwell 


13 6 

1 11 10 




19 10 
8 5 

3 16 10 
14 4 



1 15 



2 4 


1 18 

2 10 


1 6 

4 6 

6 9 

8 6 

13 4 
13 6 



tenants' NAMES. 

Alexander Hutchison 
Wiliiam Gowdy 
Gawen Hamilton 
Hugh Montgomery, 
Wiliiam Shaw, Esq. 
W'iliiam Shaw, Esq 
William Shaw, Esq. 
Mr. Archd. Hamilton 
James Moore 
Wm. Hamilton, Esq 
James Moore, 
James Ross, Esq. 
AVm. Hamilton, Esq 
Wm. Hamilton, Esq 
Wm. Hamilton, Esq 
James Moore 
Wm Hamilton, Esq 
Thos. Hamington 
Robert Hamilton 
Robert Ross 
Robert Ross 
George Bro^vne 
Wm. Hamilton. Esq. 
Mr. Patrick Hamilton 

Hugh Ferguson - 21 

Eobert Cunningham 2 

The several Tenements 29 

Wi liam Hogg - 39 

John Syars - 

Matthew .Marshall - 12 

John Matthew Marshall 11 

John Fra. Hewart - 9 

James Daziell - 44 

John Blackwood - 4 

30 5 

. 8 10 
5 10 


7 10 



3 10 
23 4 
18 10 
14 4 

9 10 

13 10 
9 4 



Tollyvastikinagh - 





Ballymt -Raney 




Tullyhubbert, &c. - 



Ballyuiehole, &c. - 



Ballykuockan Mill - 

Manlagh, &c. 



Collintragh Mill - 




Manor of Ballydrine 






M'Bride's Quarter - 

Ballyglighorn, &c. - 
Island M'Kee 


Tythes in the Ards, 
not included in the 
foregoing rent-roll, 
but follow : — 








Total, - - £2,156 2 8 
The foregoing rent-roll is a true account of the value 
of the estate whereof Alice, late Countess of ClanbrassiU, 
died seized and possessed of, or pretended title unto, in the 
County of Down, from whom Sir Hans Hamilton, deceased, 
and the defendant, James Hamilton, derived then- title, 
and according to which a division of the said estate was 
made between the said Sir Hans and James Hamilton, and 
so given in charge of them to their receiver, Hugh Hamill, 
Esq., deceased, to receive the rents of the said estate for 
their use, in the year 1681, amounting in all to the sum of 
£2,156 2s. 8d., besides the Rectorial Tythes of Ratbmullan, 
which are not included in the foregoing rent-roll, the value 
whereof I know not. " Thomas Meagher." 

David Boyd - 4 

James Maxwell - 6 

James Maxwell - 6 

David Boyd - 3 6 


Hugh Montgomery, Esq. 2 10 

Hugh Wallace - 3 10 

George Ross - 15 


they found it convenient to make a bargain with him for themselves, it being a title wholly diffe- 
rent and opposite to that of theii's by the will, and which, if it were in other men's hands, they 
might be troublesome and chargeable to us to debate with them, but that they were willing to give 
us, without law or any charges, yea, make their purchaser's title a guard and defence to the other, 
that they might have thereby £30 or £40 yearly, of the life-rents during Lady Ann her life ; that, by 
her consent, the jointure lands might be divided, and they might get some possessions from her which 
might be much improved, by giving long leases, &c. The other three, finding the air of this con- 
versation much altered from what it ought and wont to be, and having no advice from lawyers in 
this case, and that they had neither friends, means, nor skill in law, to oppose or contend with the 
other two ; considering what vast expence they had laid out in the former suit under their manage- 
ment, endeavoured with great calmness to plead as they could, that this seemed not fair dealing ; 
was not according to former communings ; would be ill spoken of in the world ; would still be a 
matter of resentment to their families ; pressed they might be included in the bargain ; told them 
they had or could get money to defray their charges of what was ag reed for ; would be content to 
give a liberal gratification to Sir Hans for the pains he had been at about it ; made very kind offers 
upon this, account ;• that, for credit sake to all, and for peace and love among their successors, they 
might proceed as they had begun, &c. It was replied, that the bargain was not so great as was 
judged, considering the many debts now due out of it ; that he judged he should be a greater gainer 
by what was proposed ; but he and his cousin James had engaged themselves to each other, and their 
fortunes for payment of what was engaged; and that the counting and discounting with so many 
shares and partners, would be but troublesome and unprofitable ; and so renewed their purpose of 
giving them all that the will at best could bear, and settle the same in articles, and give bonds for 
performance. It was further offered and urged by the three friends, that they would agree that some 
other friends of the family might be consulted, and that by their advice they would consent that so 
much might be taken from the four as might enable Sir Hans (with his own estate) to take and 
maintain the honor of the family, (which fell with Earl Henry) provided it might be kept in the 
family, and be * * on Earl James his will, and the other surreptitious and base title 
rejected and avoided ; but all would not prevail, for Sir Hans told the three plainly, that if they 
now refused what was offered, they should have nothing by consent, and in these words ;. — "You have 
Hobson's choice." The three then seemed to submit, but desired that some other kinsmen, then in 
the house, might be admitted to hear and help in the discourse, but this could not be admitted; and, 
instead thereof, the five came out of the room where the former discourse was had, and Sir Hans 
told them what he had oft'ered, but asked no advice or opinion about it, nor gave any further 
occasion of discourse or debate about it, but proposed that James of Newcastle, and David Ken- 
nedy, should draw the articles, at least minute the heads communed on, that they might be ready 
for being perfected at the next meeting, which was agreed on to be within three days thereafter. 


Thus they then parted, and afterward met by appointment, but no articles nor minute were drawn ; 
James say'd he coukl not undertake it, and David Kennedy could not take upon him to do it without 
his assistance ; but, on both sides, there \s'as a willing delay, both hoping for better terms, and it was 
agreed they should meet at the next General Assizes, to be held in the County of Down, at the begin- 
ning of it, that they might be done by some able counsel at law, and so perfected. It was also 
then proposed, that we should take account of my cousin, James of !K ewcastle, his disbursements 
and receipts relating to the law-suit. 

The three postponed cousins went off with a great deal of grumbling and grief that they should 
be so served, and yet could not find a remedy. The friends (not related in the suit) were offended, 
for that they were not called to the conference, and blamed the three for their too easy * 
* * The three apologized from Sir Hans, and James of Newcasfle, their unwillingness, &c., but 
all were full of trouble, yet found no opportunity for resentment, yea. Sir Robert Hamilton, and 
Francis Hamilton, their two ladies, and others, appeared very much troubled, yea displeased with the 
course that Sir Hans, and James of IS'cwcastle, had taken, and were very free in private discourses 
to declare their thoughts to that purpose. Even Sir Hans, and James of Newcastle, had much ado 
to keep countenance in this conversation; but the design was formerly laid, and they were nowresolved 
to stick by and carry on the confederacy of Bangor, and it was a fat bit they carved to themselves, — the 
others paid for the roast. In the first return, at the Assizes of Down, they came particularly as 
agreed on ; but two or three days must pass or Sir Hans, and James of Newcastle, can be got at 
leisure. At last they meet in haste, and a counsel is brought and commended by the two, as a veiy 
able drawer of such writings, one Swift, artist enough, but then known and now famous for making 
back doors and Welshmen's hosen. Every one gave him a large fee in view, and by consent (within 
five pence of £5 in all), but what was say'd, or done, or say'd in secret, I pretend not to know. 
Sir Hans made the narrative, and such as the other four could not con* radict; but there was no time 
to chat out, for Sir Hans was in great haste, and the counsel had but little time. An hour was also 
appointed for reading his draught ; it was particularly kept ; the counsel and paper came ; it was 
read, but there was no time for considering, amending, or transcribing ; the paper is committed 
to Pat. Hamilton, (one of the three cousins) ; and the friends are to meet in some time and 
place when Sir Hans, and James of Newcastle, should find leisure and conveniency — but no word 
is here of accounts. A considerable time now goes over without any discourse or advertisement for 
a meeting and couciuding of what was unfinished, yet not without thoughts and designs on either 
party. At last it falls out, that Sir Hans, James of Newcastle, John Baily, and Pat. Hamilton, are 
in Dublin. Some discourse falls in betwixt I'at. and the two, about the articles. He is shy and doubt- 
ful of doing anything separatidv from the other two concerned. He consults John Baily, his old friend, 

2 D 


and intended father-in-law. The captain protests the greatest kindness and concern for him im- 
maginable, for that he had expelled his then only daughter, because she refused to mai-ry Pat. at 
his advice and earnest desire, and that he had the same kindness for him as if he had married her, 
seeing that it was both their desires ; and, in the next place, advises him to agree with the two 
on whatsoever terms he could now reach ; that certainly it would be a falling market with him 
and the other two ; for that, to his certain knowledge. Sir Hans and James were so invested in 
titles, and furnished with papers and friends (and what not), that it was in their option whether 
they should give them sixpence or not. Pat., believing all this to be real and certain, mtreats him 
to set the business on foot with Sir Hans and James, that he might be settled to the best advan- 
tage. John Daily sets forward about it (being * on both sides), and obtains articles some- 
thing like, yet far different from, what were at first proposed, and to boot (as a special favour for 
breaking the ice), and under great privacy and agreement, a rent-charge (with a false bottom) for 
£50 a-yeai', during Ann Clanbrassill's life, for or in lieu of the life-rents, and that he abate for 
ever ten pounds a-year of his share after my Lady's death ; and, withall, that he actually renounce 
all title to the estate purchased from Henry Moore, which he did. 

About this time came Mr. William Hamilton, brother to James of Neilsbrook, into the country, 
and designed to assist his brother for investing of a title made to that family by my Lord Claneboy 
in a Deed of Settlement, whereof he was informed, by a very faithful witness, that it was perfected 
by him, and whereby the estate wa§ settled on Halcraig's family, failing heirs of his own body— 
and that there was such a deed is more than probable. On the account of this deed, and what might 
be found out about it, the aforesaid James hesitated to proceed with the other four in the proof of the 
will, and, by consent, gave in a several answer to the Lady's bill from the other four. Being in 
the country, he courteously visited all his relations, and kindly offered his opinion to some of them 
that were injured for redress, yet modestly, because he found them leaning to Sir Hans, and James 
of Newcastle, their conduct and integrity, they being yet ignorant of what politicks the one had 
learned in the Green Chamber (about the settlement of the '49 arrears), and Court of Claims, and the 
other had practiced wi^h his cousin, K Usher, of Balsoon— his intrigues with his cousin, 

Ann Trail, being not yet discovered, as afterwards they appeared. After some time spent, wherein 
he could make no progress in his design (all the papers of the estate being in such hands, whose 
interest forbid them to make such discovery, or were perverted by them;, he returned full of grief 
that he could neither be usefull to his brother and family, nor as yet make his friends sensible of 
the calamitys they were bringing upon themselves, through the exuberant confidence they put 
upon Sir Hans, and James of Newcastle — but, soon after, they were sufficiently convinced of 
and penitent for, their error. 




Matters being so far settled for the time, Sir Hans, and James of !N'ewcastle, improve and divide 
their new purchase, according to the agreement of Bangor, and are, in that estate, the sole land- 
lords, to the value of £1,800 per annum — (generally) of chief-rents — and have many merry 
meetings about it. James of Neilsbrook lyes by in discontent with the articles ; Archibald and 
Pat. are promised an account of the disbursements of the life-rents, and that they shall be presently 
divided, and every one possessed of their share ; and so appointments are made from time to time, 
but still in the County of Down, where the other two have their affairs carrying on, and sometimes 
to assize time. It's say'd they will settle by advice ; but nothing is done but friendly and 
very chargeable converse, with apologies, new appointments, and fresh promises ; for the agree- 
ment of Bangor must be now effectually prosecuted, but very prudently, and in these following 
steps : — 1st. An agreement is made with Sir Robert Maxwell for the lease of the Seven Towns,* and 

* The Seven Towns here mentioned included the entire 
Manor of Ballydrine, or Ardmillan, the ancient inheritance 
of the Bishops of Down. By an inquisition taken at Down- 
patrick, on the 13th of October, 1623, it was, inter alia, 
found — 

" That Eobert Heamstow, late Lord Bishop of Downe 
and Conor, was seized of his demesne as of fee, in the right 
of his Bishoprick of Down, of and in all that teritorie. pre- 
cinct, scope, or extent of land, "comonlie called the Lord- 
ship or Manor of Ballindrine, alias Island Maghee, and of 
and in the townes and lands following — viz., Ballecaslanes- 
picke, BalleliddeU, alias Balleglegory, Ballelisbanr, Balle- 
martin, alias Ballemartinagh, Ballegavegan, and Ballekene- 
neile, situate, lying, and being in the Upper Clandeboys, in 
the County of Downe, with all the rights, members and appur- 
tenances to the same belonging or appertaining ; together 
with tlie Islands called the Castle Island, Island Reagh, Is- 
land Rawlie, Island Magneish, in the Countie of Downe, 
aforesaid ; and all and singular, the manors, castles, &c., 
tithes ofcorn,&c., as well great as small; and also all offerings, 
obventions, &c., and the rents and services, emoluments and 
hereditaments whatsoever, as well spiritual! as temporal, to 
the said Island Maghee, or to any of the premises before 
recited, or to any part or parcell thereof of any waies belon g- 
ing, apertaining, incident, or apendant, or which had been 
at any time theretofore accepted, reputed, or knowne, held, 
occupied, used, or enjoied, as part, member, or parcell of 
the said Island Maghee, X)r of any of the premises, or of 
mj part or parcell thereof, being parceU of the lands and 

possessions belonging to the said Bishop of Downe and 
Conor : And it was thereby further found, that the afore- 
said Robert, Bishop of Downe and Conor, being so seized, 
and in actual possession of all and singular the premises, 
and every part and parcell thereof, of such an estate as 
aforesaid, by his deed, indented, duelie perfected, and exe- 
cuted, by liverie and seizin, and to the jury then she\vn in 
evidence, bearing date the 9th day of July, 1606, for and in 
consideration of the sume of £100 sterling, in hand paid to 
him, the said Lord Bishop, before the ensealing thereof, by 
Sir Henrie Peirse and Francis Annesley, granted to them 
by the name of Henrie Peirse and Francis Annesley, of 
DubJiUj gent, all and singular the premises : to hold, with 
the apurtenances, uuto the said Sir Henry Peirse and 
Francis Annesley,' their heirs and assigns, for ever: yield- 
ing AND PAYING yearly for the same, unto the said Robert, 
Lord Bishop of Downe and Conor, and to his successors, 
Bishops of Downe, aforesaid, the sum of £6 16s 4d ster- 
ling, at the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, or within 
six weekes after the said feast, yearlie : By virtue whereof, 
the said Sir Henrie Peirse and Sir Francis Annesley were 
ot the said premisses seized in their demesne, as of fee : 
And further found, that the said premises were holden of 
the King, in socage in capite, but by what rent they knew 
not : And it was thereby further found, that the said Sir 
Henrie Peirse and Francis Annesley, being by virtue 
of the said Indenture seized jointly to them and their t 
heirs, John Christian, Archdeacon of the Cathedrall Church ; 
of Down, Robert Maxwell, Archdeacon of Conor, and the 
Clergie of both the [ • ] , by Deed, sealed with 


his obligation and his Ladj^'s to deliver up the Castle of Killileagh and the jointure (after the Lady's 
death) to 8ir Hans and James, and, in the meantime, they get the Library (then at Killileagh) 
into their possession ; but the Lady is kept ignorant of all till she must be invited to subscribe to 
the papers, which -were many, tedious, and well contrived, and this contrivance to boot, that they 
are all laid open upon a large table. She, being sensible of the slight abeady done her, and 
jealous she might be outwitted by them if she should read them, chooses (which they expected, 
and were well prepared for,) to decline the reading of them, and to sign them upon their word of 
honor that there was nothing in them tending in rny manner of way to the prejudice of the other 
three cousins, and their title by her Lord's will. Captain John Baily, being one of the party, 
is chosen to vouch this, and does it, liberally and confidently, and all the parties say it is so ; 

thfir sea^es, perfectei unto Hugh Culme and Anthony 
Pi-.Tsfi a lease of ail tlie lands and premises before men- 
tioned (tlis spiritual jurisdiction only reserved to the said 
Bishop and his successors, of the snid Island Magliee, or 
of nny of the premisses hefore recited) : To Hold to the said 
Hn<^h Culme and Anthony Peirse, their executors, adminis- 
trators, and assigns, for and during the full term and tyme 
of three score years, immediately ensuing the date of said 
demise : Yielding and Paying therefore, unto tlie said 
P.obert, then Lord Bishop of Downe and Conor, and Iiis 
successors, Bishops of Downe, the yeailie rent of £30 ster- 
ling, as therein mentioned : By virtue and form of which 
Lirlenture the said Hugh Culme and Anthony Peirse being 
possessed of all and singular the premises, with their ap- 
purtenances. Sir Henrie Peirse, Bart., tlie said Hugh 
Culme, and Anthony Peirse, at his request, by Indenture, 
bearing date t.'ie 20th day of December, a.d. 1(3'22, did give, 
grmt, assign, set over, and confivme unto William Hamil- 
ton, of Bally meaghan, in the County of Down, Esq., and 
John Keneday, of the City of Dublin, Esq., all and sinc;ular 
the premises and every "part and parcel thereof, with the 
appurtenances : To Hold unto the said William Hamilton 
and John Keneday, their aud every of their executors, 
administrators, and assigns, for and during all the re- 
sidue of the term of three score years then to come and 
unexpired, upon confidence and trust to the use and 
he'ioof of the said Viscount Claneboy, by virtue of which 
Deed they the said William Hamilton and John Keneday 
were then possessed of all and singular the premises, 
with the appui-tenances accordinglie." 

Viscount Claneboye, being so possessed of this manor, 
had it sui-veyed with the rest of his estates; and the 
townlands and islands of which it consisted, are accor- 
dingly included in the Book of Survey so made of them 
in 1625-6, and continued to be held with the rest of his 
estates by his son, and grandson, James, and Henry, the 
first and second Earls of Clanbrassil, and by Countess 
Alice, the widow of the latter, till her death, as appears 
hy a rent-roll of the estate for 1681, proved by Thomas 
Me.ngher (which will be lound at p. 108, ante), when a di- 
vision of the estate was made between Sir Hans Hamilton 

and James Hamilton of Newcastle, as the purchasers of 
Countess Alice's title to it, and then given in charge by 
them to Hugh Hamill, as their receiver. It appears, how- 
ever, from a lengthened correspondence on the subject of 
this and the other estates of Earl James, (which will be 
referred to in a subsequejit note,) that their receiver was 
ujt allowed to take the rents uninteiTuptedly, and that 
the other claimants of Karl James's estate, under his will, 
interfered with the tenants of those seven towns, and 
otherwi^ asserted their claims to them until the year 
lii98, wffn it would appear from one of the letters, dated 
4th April, in that year, that some articles were entered 
into relating to the Seven Towns ; but, as they have not been 
found among the family papers, the Editor has no means 
of giving the contents of tiiem, nor of asceitaiuing in what 
way the lands were disposed of from that time, until to- 
wards the end of the last century, when they appear to 
have bi.'eu in possession of the Kno.\ family, as lessees of 
tlie Bisliop of Down ; aud it further appears, that by lease, 
or renewal of lease, dated 2d May, 1802, the then Bishop 
of Down demised to Henry Waring Knox, of Waringsford, j 
in the County of Down, Esq., "All that and those the manor, ' 
towns, and lands of Ardmillin, — that was to say, the towns' 
and lands of Island Mahie, Ballycaslanaspeck, Ballyliddle, 
alias Ballygligorj', Ballindoun, Ballynanglase, alias Eing- 
neel, Ballylisbane, Ballymartin, alias Ballymartanagh, 
Ballyhenlinchelly, Ballyavaghan, alias Ballycastanagh, 
Bally tulormighanaghan. Island Rowley, and Island Magenis, 
containing 2,184 acres, be the same more or less, Cunningham 
measure, together with the Rectorial Tithes of said manor ; 
also all courts leet, courts baron, customs of fairs and markets, 
situate, lying, and being in the County of Down, with all 
and singular the rights, members, and appurtenances unto 
the said premises belonging or in anywise appertaining : 
Excepting and always reserving out of said demise unto 
the said Lord Bishop and Ms successors, Bishops of Down 


whereupon she signs and seals to all the papers. — 2. It was, in pursuance of this, contrived, that there 
should be a settlement of the estate of this jointure by the co-heirs-at-law, Sir Robert Maxwell, 
his Lady, and the five cousins, upon Robert Pinlay (servant to Sir Hans), and Robert M'Creery 
(servant to James of Newcastle), on trust for Sir Hans, and James of Newcastle, partly for them- 
selves, partly in trust, and for the performance of articles. This is framed and appointed by the 
general meeting of all, at the assizes time, to be finished ; but it fell out, that Sir Hans was then sick 
and could not attend it, and it could not be managed without him ; whereby, as the meeting was 
useless, so counsel was taken about it by the three. The snare was discovered, and this matter 
scoff'ed at, so as it died abortive. — 3. It was proposed as reasonable, and the good Lady to 
promote it, that Gil. How'' (the only surviving witness who testified of my Lord's being compos 
mentis), should be gratified for his fidelity to us ; to this all agreed, and accordingly perfected a 

and Connor, all mines, minerals, limestone, coals, and all 
royalties of what nature or kind soever, with full and free 
liberty for his and their servants and followers to dig, 
search for, and carry away all such royalties, &c., and also 
free liberty for them to fish, fowl, and hunt upon said pre- 
mises: Excepting also out of that demise 40 acres of 
ground near the wall of the church (plantation measure) 
for the use of the Vicar and his successors, for which the 
said Vicar should pay half his proportion of the annual 
renewal fine paid to the Bishop by the said H. W. Knox : 
To hold from 1st of May, then inst., for, and during, and 
until the full end and term of twenty-one years, at the 
yearly rent of £140. This Henry Waring Kjios became 
greatly embarrassed in his circumstances, and his estates 
were for many years in the hands of receivers, under the 
Court of Equity Exchequer in Ireland, to whom the fore- 
going lease was regularly renewed ; but all his interest in 
the Ardmillan estate was eventually sold under a Decree of 
that Court, made in a cause of Scott v. Kmx, and Samuel 
Murland, Esq., of Castlewellan, became the purchaser of it. 

The following extract, from Erch's Ecclesiastical Annals 
of Down Diocese, explains (what is obscure in the inquisi- 
tion of 1623, above quoted) how a lease for years of Island 
Maghee was substituted for the grant in fee farm which 
had been previously made by the Bishop : — 

" 1604. Island Maghee. — Bishop Humston, about this 
time, leased to fee farm, at a rent of £6 13s 4d, this island, 
being parcel of the bishoprick : the annual value of which, 
was found, by a visitation made twenty years after, to be 
£200. The Archbishops of Canterbury and Armagh con- 
ceived, in consequence ol a reference from His Majesty, 
that a surrender should be made of the deed of fee farm, 
and a lease of forty years given at a reserved rent of £30 
per annum. (Ware, in part, p. 207.)" — Erch, 28. 

Tullynakill is the denomination of the parish within 
which the Seven Towns are situate, and the Primate is the 

2 E 

reputed patron.— ^rcit, 29. The parish itself is called 
" Ballinclrean, alias Magheoe, in the Ul. Vis. (p. 251) ; and 
the manor, which extends over the parish, is called "Bally- 
dreene, alias Island- MarjMe," in the Ul. Inq. (No. 6, Jac. 1. 
Down). — Reeves, 168. 

! b This Gilbert How was one of the five witnesses to the 
'■will of James, first Earl of Clanbrassill, which will be 
found at p. 85, ante ; and, on reference to p. 93, ante, it 
appears by the MS. that great pains and charges were un- 
dergone by Countess Alice to corrupt the surviving wit- 
nesses to this "troublesome" will, and to make them 
swear that Earl James was not compos mentis when it was 
executed by him, but that she was imable to corrupt this 
witness ; and as a reward for his fidelity to them, the 
representatives of the five uncles of Earl James, to whom 
his estates were devised by it, joined by his widow, grati- 
fied him with a profitable lease in reversion of some lands 
included in her jointm-e, which will be referred to in a 
subsequent note. Mr. Gilbert How continued for a long 
time in the service of the Clanbrassil family, and collected 
; the rents of the jointure lands for Ann, Countess of Clan- 
brassil, as appears by entries for the receipt of them from 
him, signed by her, in an old memorandum-book kept by 
him, which is now in the possession of Lord Duflferin. It 
commences in May, 1657, and comes down to the year 
1710 ; and, in addition to several memoranda of marriages, 
births, and deaths in his own family, contains the following 
entries, which are extracted from it as illustrative of the 
subject of these MSS. : — 

" My Lord James and his brother went for England, the 
21st of June, 1656." 

" My Lord James Claneboy, eldest son to James, Earle 
of Clanbrassill, dyed the 12th of May, 1658. His father 
dyed the 20th of June, 1659." 

'June the 19th, 1663.— My Lord Henry, Earl of Clan- 


profitable lease of some lands in the jointure, to the great joy of the two, whilst the good Lady 
and the other three were not aware of the design of burying the will, and making the three inca- 
pable of proving the will against the two ; whilst two other subscribing witnesses had sworn (upon 
very ponderous and ruinous considerations) that said James was not compos mentis at the per- 
fecting of the will, and that, if the three should attempt to prove the will, the third witness could 
be proved by this grant, or lease, to be bribed." — 4. It is pretended and propounded as a great 

brassill, and his brother Hans, went for England from 
Portefei-rye, being Sunday, att 8 a clocke att night." 

" Jany the '25tli, ]668. — My Lady CLmbrassill was mar- 
ried to Sr Robert Maxwell; departed this life ye 20th 
of Jany, 1689 ; and was buried, the 5th of Feby following, 
at Bangor." 

" My Loid Claneboye was borne the 15th April, 1670 ; 
dyed ye 13th of June following. His uncle, Mr. Hans, dyed 
at Monella, the 27th Sepf, 1670." 

"Henry, Earle of Clanbrassill, departed this life, at 
Dublin, the 12th of Jany, 1675-6, being on a Wednesday, 
at 8 a clocke att night. Alice, Countess of Clanbrassill, 
departed this life in Deer, '77 ; was buried, the 13th of 
Jany following, att Bangor." 

"Sir Hans Hamilton died in Dublin, the 11th of Feby, 
1681 ; was buried at Mulabrike Church, the 2d of March 

" James Hamilton, of Tollemore, died in England, 

May, 1700." 

" Patrick Hamilton died in Belfast, the 13th of August, 
1700; buried the 15th, at Cumber." 

" Captain Gawen Hamilton died the 27th of Octr, 1703, 
aged 73, or therabouts." 

"James Hamilton, Esq., of Bangor, diedlSth Jan?, 1706." 

" Mrs. Ro«e Fairley died the last of Jany, 1693-4, sud- 
denly. Her husband, Mr. Willm Fairly, May the 11th, '94." 

" Hans Traill died in Dublin, May 15th, 1692." 

"Captain Bailey died the 11th of May, 1687, at his 
house in Inishargie. Mrs. Bailey died the 2'lth of Feby, 
at her house in Killyleagh, 1691-2." 

"Mrs. Bruce died May the 26th, 1706." 

" Madam Stevenson died the 2d of Septr, 1706, in the 

" The profitable lease of lands in the jointure of Ann, 
Countess of Clanbrassil, here mentioned as having been 
perfected to Gilbert How, consisted of a lease in reversion 
of the greater part of the townlands of Ballytrim and Bally- 
goskin, in the parish of Killileagh. By an Instrument, 
dated 30th October, 1648, James, Earl of Clanbrassil, had 
demised to him, by the description of " Gilbert How, ser- 
vant to the said Earl," All and vrhole that half of Ballygos- 
km. in the territorie of the Dufi"erin, and County of Down, 
which lies next to John Campbell's half, for" thirty-one 
years, at the yearly rent of 10s. Whilst in possession of 
this lease, he had also obtained a similar one from the 
Earl of "All and whole the townland of Ballytrim, except 
that part thereof possessed by the Weavers," at the yearly 

rent of 40s ; and it appears by the first entry in this Gil- 
bert How's memorandum-book, referred to in the pre- 
ceding note, that, " in May, 1657, he came to dwell in 
Ballytrim." Both these leases were renewed to him on 
27th October, 1683, by a memorandum of that date "between 
Sir Robert Maxwell, of Killileagh, Knight and Baronet, 
and his then lady, Ann, Countess of Clanbrassil, of the one 
part, and Gilbert How, of Ballytrim, Gentleman, of the 
other part," for the natural life of the Countess, who was 
then in receipt of the rents of Ballygoskin, and Bailytrim, 
as part of her jointure lands ; and, it was in the year 1683, 
and during the existence of this lease, that the lease in re- 
version mentioned in the text was granted. It was made 
at the same yearly rent as the original lease, and was for 
a term of 61 years, to commence and take effect immedi- 
ately after the death of said Countess, and was executed 
by Archibald Hamilton, Sir Hans Hamilton, James 
Hamilton, of Bangor, and Patrick Hamilton, but not 
by James Hamilton of Neilsbrook, though he was made a 
party to it. The rents so reserved out of these townlands 
are included in the rent-roll of the jointure lands for the 
years 1688, '89, '90, '91, and '92 (which will be found in 
the appendix to this chapter) ; and it will be seen, by a 
memorandum at foot of it, that Gilbert How then claimed 
these lands in reversion. Though included in the estimate 
which was made for the purpose of the division of the join- 
ture lands, they were not, however, included in the parti- 
tion which was subsequently made between the represen- 
tatives of the five uncles, on the 1st of October, 1696 ; but 
they seem to have been considered by the owners of the 
Killileagh proportion as belonging to it, and Mr. Steven- 
son, one of the joint owners of it, received a moiety of the 
rents reserved on Mr. How's lease of Ballytrim, from 1711 
till 1728, as the receipts for it which are contained in 
the memorandum-book before referred to shew, the last of 
which is as follows : — " June ye 17th, 1728. — Received from 
James How £2 sterling, in full for two years' rent of his 
holding in Ballytrim, due at All Saints last.— James Steven- 
son." Whether Mr. Hamilton, the joint owner with Mr. 
Stevenson of the Killileagh proportion, ever received the 
other moiety of this rent, or whether either received any 
portion of the rent reserved out of BaUygoskin by the lease 


convenience to all the five, that it were fit to value and divide the jointure in five distinct equal 
shares, and the good Lady is willing to it ; and it is discoursed as very advantageous for enabling 

in reversion, does not appear ; but it is certain, tliat on the 
expiration of the term so granted by the reversionary lease 
of 1688, the then owners of the Killileagh proportion, 
James Stevenson and Gawen Hamilton, Esqrs., on the 26th 
of June, 1750, made four several leases, (1) to William Taylor, 
(2) to William Taylor and Gilbert How, (3) to Gilbert 
How, jun., and (4) to Alexander Wilson, for terms of 
twenty-one years, at the yearly rent of 7s per Cunningham 
acre, of the half of the townland of Ballygoskin, originally 
demised to Gilbert How. The other half of it, described 
in that lease as " Campbell's half," afterwards, by grants 
from the Clanbrassil family, became the property of the 
Eev. H. Clewlow, and is now vested in Charles Mathews, 
Esq. On the 26th of June, 1750, Messrs James Stevenson 
and Archibald Hamilton also made a lease to Gilbert How, 
sen., of " All and whole the townland of Ballytrim, as then 
in the possession of the said Gilbert and his undertenants, 
I except that part thereof possessed by the Weavers," at the 
'v yearly rent of 6s 6d per Cunningham acre, for a term of 
twenty-one years. The part of Ballytrim excepted out of 
this lease as possessed by the Weavers, had, on 21st June, 
1734, been demised by James Stevenson, Esq., to Eobert 
Weaver, for a term of twenty-one years, at the yearly rent 
of 6s per Cunningham acre (amounting altogether to 
£7 7s 6d) which was regularly paid to Mr. Stevenson alone 
during its continuance. Messrs. Stevenson and Hamilton 
having, however, failed in enforcing payment of the rents 
reserved by the joint leases made by them in 1750, in con- 
sequence of the interference with the tenants of Lord 
Limerick, who had become the purchaser of Archibald and 
Patrick Hamilton's shares of the Clanbrassil estates, and 
■who, as such, claimed two undivided fifths of these town- 
lands, and not only authorised the tenants to resist the 
payment of the rents, but to take defence in his name to 
ejectments which had been brought in the year 1752 for 
their recovery, by Messrs. Stevenson and Hamilton. The 
result of which was, that the rents remained altogether un- 
collected in the hands of the tenants of Ballygoskin, and 
Ballytrim, originally demised to Gilbert How, until they 
had acquired a legal title against all the claimants under 
the wiU of Earl James by length of possession. The 
Weavers also set up a claim to hold their portion of Bally- 
trim in fee simple ; but, finding they could not maintain any 
higher title to it than that of tenants at will, in consequence 
of their having regularly paid the rent reserved by the lease 
of 1734, to Mr. Stevenson, and his descendants, Sir John 
Blackwood, and James, Lord Dufi'erin, they, unfortunately 
for themselves, in order to support it, employed a school- 

master, named Hans O'Pray, to forge a memorandum of 
agreement for them, of which the following is a copy : — 

" Mem. — That John Blackwood, of Killyleagh, Esq., doth 
demise to the Weavers of Ballytrim, All that and those, the 
lands and turf bog in possession of said Weavers, in Bally- 
trim, and formerly held by them from the late Jas. Steven- 
son, Esq. : To have and to hold the said demised premises, 
with their appurtenances, unto the said Weavers, their 
heirs and assigns, commencing from the first day of No- 
vember last, for, and during the lives of three persons to 
be inserted in a lease to be granted to them by the said 
John Blackwood, and to be renewable for ever, at and 
under the yearly rent of £7 7s 6d sterling. And the said 
Weavers shall bind themselves, their heii's, and assigns, in 
a penalty of £6 sterling, for every acre of said demised 
premises, to be paid unto the said John Blackwood, his 
heirs and assigns, if, at any time hereafter, they, or any of 
them, shall acknowledge any landlord, or pay any sum or 
sums of money, as rent for said demised premises, to any 
person or persons except the said John Blackwood, his 
heirs or assigns : Said lease to be granted and perfected 
on the above conditions only, when either of the parties 
shall require the same. 

*' As witness our hands and seals, this 22nd day of Feb- 
ruary, 1770 (seventy). 

" John Blackwood. 

"Present, "John Weaver, 

" Will : Willet." " For himself and others. 

This instrument was so cleverly executed, and the sig- 
natures of the grantor and witnesses to it so well imitated, 
that it imposed on a number of respectable old witnesses 
who were brought forward to depose to their genuineness ; 
but the evidence of O'Pray himself (who was produced on 
the trial which Lord Duiferin was obliged to institute for 
recovery of the lands), as to the mode in which he com- 
mitted the forgery, was so conclusive, that the jury at once, 
without leaving theii- box, found a verdict condemning the 
instrument, and Lord Dufi'erin has since been in exclusive 
possession of the rents of this portion of Ballytrim. The 
trial itself was of so unusual and extraordinary a charac- 
ter, that it has been thought worth giving the following 
report of it, which has been extracted from the Belfast 
newspapers of the day, as the conclusion of this note : — 

" DowNPATRicK, March 26, 1822.— Trial at Nisi Prius. 
(Before the Hon. Baron Smith.) 

"Bight Eon. James Lord Dufferiii andCUmeboy, Plaintiff; 

" Hennj Weaver, Ilohert Heron, and others, Defendants. 

" Mr. Eobert Gordon opened the pleadings. 

" Mr. Blacker, on behalf of the plain tifi', stated, that 
this was an issue directed by the Court of Chancery to try 
whether a certain article or instrument, bearing date the 
22nd February, 1770, and prnporting to have been made 
between the late Sir John Blackwood, and a person named 
John Weaver, was or was not a forgery. 


each of the five to set long leases, levy fines, build, &c. To this end, three captains are chosen to 
value all the lands, in order to a dividend ; but Captain Baily must be one ; the other two more 

" James Neill, David Cleland, and Gawn Henry, deposed, 
that they had seen both William Willey and Sir John 
Blackwood write, and were acquainted with their hand- 
writing, and tliat the signatures to the article in qu3stion, 
which bore their respective names, were, to the best of 
their belief and knowledge, in their respective hand- 

" James Richardson bore similar evidence to the hand- 
writing of William Willey ; and James Craig to that of 
John Weaver, of Ballvtrim, subscribed to said article. 

" Thomas Potter. Esq., agent to Lord Duflferin, proved 
the non-existence of any lease or article to tlie Weavers, 
amongst the papers and instruments of Lord Dufferin's 
family, except one for 21 years, dated in 1734. He stated 
that Weaver had been served with notice to quit in April, 
1813 ; in August, he paid up the May rent, and said notbing 
of any lease or article ; about the beginning of October, 
Mr. James Wallace, an attorney, first produced an article 
to witness, who said it was a forgery ; in October, 1813, 
Lord Dufferin also saw it, and said it was a forgery ; in 
April, 1820, a new notice to quit was served on Weaver; 
witness now looked at the supposed signature of Sir John 
Blackwood, with whom he had frequent correspondence, 
and whom he bad seen write, and deposed, that to his be- 
lief that signature was not Sir John's handwriting. 

" Hans O'Pray was then produced. He swore that he was 
acquainted with Hans Weaver ; witness was married to his 
sister ; he knew the Weavers prior to 1797 ; but did not 
know them much afterwards until 1802 ; he knows the 
lands of Ballytrim ; the Weavers, prior to 1813, never said 
that they had any lease of the lauds ; Hans Weaver told 
witness prior to this period, that Lord Dufferin had alleged 
that they had no title, and had required them to make 
some bargaia for the land, or to that effect ; Hans Weaver 
told witness in 1813, as he recollected, that they (the Wea- 
vers) had taken an opinion of counsel respecting the lands, 
and he afterwards told witness that he had taken a second 
opinion, and tliat the opinions were unfavourable, and he 
thought it hard that persons who had enjoyed the lands so 
long should lose them ; Hans Weaver made an application 
to a person to get a deed or document that would save the 
property in the hands of the Weavers ; witness said he did 
not wish to say anything that would criminate any person 
that was present when the application was made ; an 
arrangement was made between the person to whom the 
application was made, and Hans Weaver, how this was to 
be effected, and that person stated to Weaver that he would 
try to do it ; "witness was present, and the arrangement 
was accordingly made ; paper that had no watermark was 
required ; an article made by Sir John Blackwood to a per- 
son in Ballyalgan was required to be got ; the article was 
got ; Hans Weaver sent to the person who agreed to assist 
him in writing a copy of the Ballyalgan article ; (the copy 
was here produced to witness ;) witness believed part of the 
writing on the paper on which the copy was written, was 
the handwriting of Hans Weaver, but did not know of 
whose handwriting the remainder was ; witness saw the 
paper before, viz., in the summer of 1813, after he had had 
the conversation with Hans Weaver ; there was writing in 

different coloured inks on the paper; witness knew who 
wrote them ; (the article in question was then produced to 
witness ;) witness knew toho wrote it ; was present when the 
name ' John Blackwood ' was written; i^ vvas done in the 
year 1813 ; William Willey's name was written on the same 
day ; the name ' John Weaver ' was written at the same 
time ; the words ' for self and others ' were not written 
at the same time, but witness coald not say how long after- 
wards, it was weeks he believed ; witness knew who wrote 
the body of the instrument ; it was the same person who 
put the signatures to it ; it bears date 22nd Feb., 1770 ; it 
was necessary it should bear a date a few years after Mr. 
James Stevenson's death ; (a receipt was produced to wit- 
ness ;) witness saw it before ; it was enclosed in the paper 
or letter which witness proved to be Hans Weaver's hand- 
writing ; it was necessary to have Mr. Wiiley's signature ; 
Sir John Blackwood's was also subsciibed to it. The 
paper upon which the article in question was written, was 
got from a printer in Belfast ; Hans Weaver was not pre- 
sent thereat, but witness knew the pei-son ; David Lyons 
was the printer's name ; old paper that would betray no 
mark was necessary ; means were taken to prepare ink that 
would appear old ; witness knew the ink, it could not be 
purchased, it was made for the purpose ; witness knew 
that the article was sent to Hans Weaver ; the person who 
mad? t!ie ink made experiments to try it previously to the 
article being written ; witness stated he knew the paper then 
produced to him was that upon which the experiments were 
made ; (several simulated papers or articles, each purporting 
to have been executed by Sir John Blackwood, were here 
produced to witness ; they were the same produced to the 
former witnesses ;) witness stated that he saw them all be- 
fore ; he knew the person who wrote them ; they were all 
written within a few days back ; it was the s-tms person who 
wrote them that wrote the articles in question. On his 
cross-examination, witness stated that it was in the year 
1813 that the article was made ; the person who wrote it 
suggested all that was requisite for the purpose ; he prepar- 
ed the ink ; it took some time to do so ; the article was 
prepared in a few days afterwards ; the procuring the paper 
did not require much time ; the person who did all this 
might be skilful, but he was neither experienced nor prac- 
tised in forgery ; a person inexperienced who might get 
ink in every shop would not delay to make ink; he pr* 
sumed the person who got the paper, manufactured the 
article and ink ; that person was not skilled in forgery ; 
witness thought the forgery very well executed, but did not 
think the person who did it was experienced in forgery ; 
no person in court had the same knowledge of the transac- 
tion as witness ; witness repeated that the person was not 
experienced in the art of forgery, though skilled in the re- 
quisites necessary ; it was likely that Hans Weaver would 
apply to aperson who would answer his purpose, but be- 
lieves he applied to a person that never ofemmitted forgery ; 
the person who did it was as much committed as Weaver; 
Weaver was no fool ; the forgery was committed by the 
person to whom Hans Weaver applied ; the paper on which 
the forgery was executed, was procured from Mr. Lyons, 
in Belfast ; witness was present thereon ; Weaver was 


(but not both quite) equal.'' — On this account many meetings are appointed, and doubts enquired 
and answered, till two years expire, ere they can be ready ; and many apologies are made by 
Captain Baily, who was most defective in meetings — and all are taken well off his hand. At last 
it is almost perfected, and a lusty * is offered of 20,000 acres, besides royalties, castles, 
mills, tuckmills, towns, woods, &c., and then it is time to set some pretty little engines 07i foot 
still in order to the agreement of Bangor, such aS' — 1. Many are set on to ask from the five 

not there ; witness had rot said that he had to po to 
Belfast, because he lives there ; witness (H O'Pray) 
was present when the materials of which the ink was com- 
posed were mixed ; Hans Weaver and witness alone were 
present at the first proposal — three persons were present 
when the forgery was executed; could not state the 
reason why three persons were entrusted with the secret, 
but the fact was so ; there was nothing to prevent the same 
]person who forged the article to forge or simulate a number 
of other instruments ; he is as capable now as in 1813 ; 
thought the iierson could not forge Hans Weaver's hand- 
Writing so well as Sir John Blackwood's ; the date was 
fixed in February ; the 12th would have answered perhaps 
as well as the 2'2d; the receipt enclosed in the paper or 
letter bears that date ; Hans Weaver was a piincipal per- 
son concerned in the forgery, and the reason why he men- 
tions his name is because he is not in the country and out 
of the reach of the law ; witness never disclosed it but to a 
professional man, who could not divulge a secret ; had no 
particular reason for telling it; but for a particular reason 
I he did not believe ittrfinspired through that channel ; wit- 
t ness does not think that the parties who had a knowledge 
of the transaction were infamous. 

" David Gordon, Esq., was then examined. He swore 
that he knew Sir John Blackwood long before the year 
1788 ; was well acquainted with him, and with the character 
of his handwriting ; witness got franks from him and had 
intercourse with him as his solicitor in 1788 ; continued 
his solicitor till his death in 1799, and during that period 
had much intercourse with him, and received several let- 
ters from him ; witness did not think the name Jolin 
Blackwood to the article to be the signature of Sir John. 

" David Lyons was nest produced. Witness lives in 
Belfast; lived there in 1813; was a bookseller and printer ; 
knew Hans O'Pray; recollected his coming frequently to 
buy school-books ; he was a teacher ; recollected his com- 
ing to get some paper; he inquired for it on one occasion in 
1813, as he best recollected; there was another person 
with O'Pray, he was a gentleman ; O'Pray asked for an old 
kind of paper, for a leaf or leaves of paper only ; witness 
shewed him various kinds, none of which seemed to answer; 
witness shewed him both writing and printing paper ; no 
reason was assigned why it did not answer ; O'Pray asked 
witness if he had any large books; witness shewed a num- 
ber of old books lying in an adjoining room, and, to the 
best of his recollection, a leaf or leaves were taken out of 
one of said books, which they took away with them. 
_ " John Woods was the nest witness. He stated that he 
lived in Legagowan ; that he had lands in Ballyalgan, 
which he held under Lord Dulferin, by an article ; (the 
witness here identified the instrument by which he' held 


his lands in Ballyalgan) ; witness knew Hans Weaver ; 
recollected his coming to witness, and asking to see the 
article, by which he held his lands ; it was executed by 
Mr. Stevenson; witness shewed it to Weaver; it was about 
nine years since; witness went in and out of the house 
duringthe time Weaver was there, wliich was about an hour ; 
witness left Weaver in the room ; Weaver had not the 
article in his hand all the time ; witness's brother-in-law is 
married to one of the Weavers. 

" To a question from a Juror, witness said, that Weaver 
had time to copy the article when in his house. 

"Messrs. William Bleakley and Kobert Kennedy, were 
next produced, and proved that the writing in question 
was not the handwriting of Mr. William Willey. 

" Mr. Lyons was again called, and stated that he had 
been directed about eight days ago to give some leaves of 
blank paper to O'Pray, and to write his name previously 
thereon, which witness did accordingly. The simulated 
papers having been here produced, witness said they were 
the same leaves which he had given to O'Pray. 

" Both parties having closed, the -Judge shortly charged 
the Jury, who, without retiring, found a verdict for the 

d The two other captains referred to in the text as chosen 
with Captain Baily to value the jointure lands were Captain 
Mure, and Captain Fairly ; and a copy of their estimate, 
which was made on the 26th of November, 1681, is given in 
the appendix to this chapter. 

The following letter from the five cousins to Sir Eobert 
Maxwell, the second husband of Ann, Countess of Clan- 
brassill, has been also found among the family papers : — 
" 1st October, 1680, Bangor. 

" SiE' — Having resolved to putt our concerns in a way to 
be deveided, we shall much want the booke ofl" the survey 
off Difi"eren, to inable the genf^ employed in valev\ing the 
lands to doe thatt worke withe more ease and certantie. 
Wee, therfor, desire you will be pleased to send the booke 
off survey, and the booke off referents to itt, to Cap" BaHy, 
and the rest employed ; and itt shall be returned saffe to 
you, soe soone as they have ended thatt woorke. — S^, yo 
ffavor in this, will very much oblige, S^, 

" Yor very humble servts., 

" Hans Hamilton. 
" James Hamilton. 
" Pat. Hamilton. 
" Arch. Hamilton. 
" J. Hamilton. 

"For the Honor^ S^ Eobert Maxwell, Barronett, att 
EjJleleaghe — These. ' ' 


gratifications for their kindness and good services, (at least offered,) such as Mr. Richardson, James 
Sloan, Mrs. Trail, several of Earl Heniy's servants, Mr. Perguson, and Captain Baily; Captain 
"William Fairlie must not be neglected; and David Kennedy must have something from the co-heirs. 
— 2. Three Presbyterian Ministers of the estate must (by the Lady's request) have £5 apiece per 
annum f and, by the advice of the two, these must be given them in lands, by long and profitable 
leases. — 3. There is a debt of Earl James's of £100, now become £300, but may be taken off if 
each of the five will pay or secure £40 — that is £200 for all — 4. Of so great a matter, it is reason- 
able to gratify Sir Hans Hamilton with something suitable uuto himself, in spite of his great demerits 
to us, at such a time. It was given out that it was promised to him, but this could not be proved, yea, 
was briskly denied, and offered to declare the contrary in his face : at least, he would not join in 
amicable agreement without it. This last must be considered, and, by consent, some are employed 
to find oiit what this must be that will please him ; a return is made of something (especially 
mentioned) which woi^ld; and, all lovingly, for peace and love sake, it is agreed unto by the other 
four, and offered to him on the supposition above-mentioned. He thinks not to be so served^ yet 

* A mistake as to this lady, made by Dr. Eeid in a note 
to the 130th page of the Second Volume of his Presbyterian 
History, in which he states that the Rev. Gilbert Ramsay's 
Meeting-house, in Bangor, was demolished in 1639, by the 
order of Lady Clanbrassil, " widow of the second Lord 
Claneboy, and first Lord Clanbrassil," has been already 
corrected at p. 39, ante, by stating that it was done not by 
Ann, the widow of James the first Earl of Clanbrassil, as 
stated by Dr. Reid, but by Alice, the widow of Henry, se- 
cond E:irl of Clanbrassil; and the following are the grounds 
for making that correction — 1st. The rent-roll of the join- 
ture lands of Countess Ann, the widow of Earl James, who 
lived at that time with her second husband. Sir Robert 
Maxwell of Wariugstown, in the Castle of Killileagh, is given 
in the Appendix to this chapter, from which it appears that 
her jointure issued out of lands immediately surrounding it, 
principally in the Barony of Dufferin. — 2nd. The rent-roll of 
the estate of which Countess Alice died seised and possessed, 
is also given at p. 108, ante, by which it appears that the 
town and lands of Bangor formed part of her estate, and 
that she alone had control over them at the time the de- 
molition of Mr. Ramsay's Meeting-house took place. — 3d. 
The act itself is quite inconsistent with the character of 
Countess Ann, but perfectly so with that of Countess Alice 
as given in these MSS., especially in the 5th, 6th, and 7th 
chapters; and it is conclusively brought home to the latter, by 
the following passage in " Adair's Narrative," which has 
been published by Dr. Killen, since the correction made at 
p. 39, ante, was in type : — 

"Meantime, there fell out apassage in Dublin, at Clirist- 

mas, 1670, which, though not properly belonging to the 
History of the North of Ireland, yet, as relating to Presby- 
terians, is not unworthy to be recorded. There had been, 
a while before, builded at Dublin, a large stately house 
with three storeys of galleries, for acting the stage-plays, [in 
Smock Alley,] at the cost and free-will ofi"eriug of noble- 
men and other persons of quality, unto which the bishops 
contributed largely ; though at the time they refused to give 
countenance or assistance for building a church at Dame 
Street, where there was great need, through the multiply- 
ing of inhabitants in that city ; much above what could 
be contained in the churches formerly built, especially in 
that place of the city. To this house came a great number 
ofnoblemen and ladies, besides other persons, and clergy- 
men, the first day of Christmas, being Monday('26thDecem- 
ber). The piay acted was one called by them ' The Non- 
conformist.' And there, among other parts of the play, 
the poor shadow of a Nonconformist minister is mocked 
and upbraided, and at last is brought to the stocks, prepared 
for this purpose, that his legs may be fastened. Those of 
the greatest quality sat lowest ; those next in quality sat 
the next above ; and the common people in the upmost gal- 
lery. But, behold, when this shadow is brought to the 
stocks, as an affront to the Presbyterian ministers, and to 
teach great persons to deal with like severity toward them, 
down came the upper gallery on the middle one, where 
gentlemen and others sat, and that gallery broke, too, and 
much of it fell down on the lords and ladies. Divers were 
killed, and many hurt. Among those that were hurt was 
one of the Lord Lieutenant's sons, and the Lady Clan- 
brasil, who, the year before, had caused to be pulled down 
the preaching-house at Bangor. Such providences, so cir- 
cumstantial in divers respects, will not pass without obser- 
vation of impartial and prudent persons ; for surely they 
have a language if men would hear." — Adair, p. 304. 


will not tell what will please, but declares lie will be no longer concerned with us, or them ; he will 
do for himself, and bids others do the like ; with some insulting expressions, refuses to perform 
the articles, or be concerned in proving the will, but — " Let every tub stand on its own bottom" — ' ' Let' 
those that are first weary complain," &c. — and so the five parted, and never met. At this time 
Captain Baily was in tow-'n, but very sick, and Sir Hans must see him often after this (which was 
much and variously talked of). All the friends being gone of the town. Captain Baily was pleased 
to teU a friend, that Sir Hans had yet a blast to blow which would push the three cousins off their feet, 
and he would soon do it. "Within a few days, Sir Hans went to Dublin ; his occasions were not known 
but to near friends ; and, ere he finished his treaty with William Moore, he died ; and Sir Robert 
Hamilton, who willingly met him there from England and watched him well, concluded the 
agreement with William Moore ; entered himself executor to Sir Hans (though he made no will), 
and brought him to his burial-place. Upon hearing of this agreement with William Moore — 
" This," said the wise Captain Baily, " is the blast Sir Hans designed, and went to Dublin to 

As to Sir Hans his character, there is too much given of it already in the account of his actions, 
and we only add, that, as a person of good endowments, so he acquired a great deal of knowledge 
by reading, but much more by converse and business, wherewith he was extraordinarly exercised in 
the last twenty years of his age, he being of the King's Privy Council, and Justice of the quorum, 
and a captain (then) of a foot company; and with many, as tenants and creditors, he was naturally 
affable, and generous in his conversation, and housekeeping. He was almost equally related to the 
Irish, English, and Scotch, and had intimacy with some of all, and he spoke readily and truly all 
these languages in great propriety of speech. What his way was when one of the trustees for manag- 
ing the arrears due to the Scottish army, and their affairs for 1649, was judged to be much by ill 
example, and the injuries falling upon friends and comrades at war, were modestly spoken of; and 
his carriage in the affair of his friends about the estate of Clanbrassill, was imputed much to bad 
counsel, and not a little to his son-in-law: — at least if he had been just to have performed honestly 
what Sir Hans agreed and covenanted to do, he had saved much of the honor his name unavoidably 
sustained, and perhaps will as long as he is named in the world; and this has been often regretted 
by Sir Hans's friends, that they were sorry they were forced by law-suits to publish his disingenuity, 
covetousness, and treachery, to the world; and it is certain he was greatly affected in his ill match- 
ing of his daughter, and the death of all in a short time, and with universal obloquy, and perhaps 
too much great contempt for that and several other things which would have been buried with 
him if his Bon-in-law had (as it well became him) duly regarded his honor ; but, ^ui sihi nequam 
qui J* * 



[An estimate of the yearly value of the jointure, made the 28th of November, 1681, by Captain 
Mure, Captain Bayly, and Captain Fairlie, referred to at p. 121, ante-l 






A. R. p. 

A. R. p. 

A. R. P. 

£ S, D. 

Killileagh Towne, with Castlewilliam, and a 

part of Corbely, possest by towne, the tene- 

ments and acres ariseth to , . 

, ^ 

176 5 9 

Mulloch, and part of Corbelie 






302 12 


318 12 





ToUemacnolls ., ., ,, ,. 






Possest by Captain Faii-lie . . 





Possest by Captain Bayly . . 





Possest by Ja. Huie, and Cleland 




The two Corne MUls 




And the Tuk Mill 





283 34 

40 3 

323 3 34 



352 3 32 


434 3 32 



Possest by Mr. Howe, and that which lieth 

betwixt the park, and l^ed "Wever's part 




5 10 

Cluntoch .. 

500 3 


611 3 







473 3 


Darrebouie . , . , , , , . , , 

493 1 17 


Lessna . . . , , , . , , , , , 

339 2 21 


369 2 21 


Bellygascran — 

Possest by Mr. Howe 


Possest by John Campbell, and his partners 




Clay \- 

Lisduff "■'. 

322 2 

322 2 


Maymoire ) 

163 8 13 

163 3 13 

£773 15 

Ballymakarran .. ,, 


Toy and Kirkland . 





148 32 

148 32 



162 1 

162 1 


Island Taggart 







248 2 


385 2 




16 • 


93 3 


99 3 





Island Connelie . . 

Ballydoin or Tollyhughe 


Ballowe and tlie corn mille 

Ballymacashin . , 


KiLiJioRE Parish — 
Criviekarnonan . . 
Cluntinao-lare . . 
1 he corne niille 
Killinchy and Lissnp . , 



Leggagowine . . . , 

BeUynecassin or Carsins 

The corne mille . . 

Achindan-ach, or Drummahay 



Glessdrumand . , 

Lessens . . 






Crevieloughgare . . 





A. R. P, 




A. R. 


£ S. D. 

380 3 
105 2 











211 22 





313 3 













369 2 20 







533 3 






304 1 












272 1 








further of Glebe. 






















285 2 












278 1 

































251 3 






[Rent-roll of the Jointure Lands of Ann, late Countess of Clanbrassill, referred to at p. 118, ofite.^ 

Denominations of 

Old Tenants' 

Rents Paid in 

Present Tenants' Names, and Rents to be Rents Pay- 




Paid for 1689, 1 6yO, and 1G91. able for 1692. 



Jo : Sumers. 


Jo : Sumers, "Widow Sumers, 
and AYm. Hilhouse, to pay 
for the said three years . . 

Thos. M'Kee, &c 

£11 15 

£7 10 
7 10 


Archd. Eichy. 

4 5 

Archd. Eichv 


1 15 

Killinchy, and half !_ 
Ballywoolin. J 

Geo. Maxwell, 
James Byers, &c. 


48 Thos. Nesbitt 


George Dunii 

1 10 



Denoiuir.ations of 

Old Tenants' 


Rents Paid 



Present Tenants" Names, and Rents to bp 
Paid for 1689, 1690, and 1691. 

Rents Pay- 
able for 1692. 

ELlllileagh Parish. 

Widow M'llduffe .. 
Ja : Gordon . , 
Wm. Kelton 
Thos. Costbes 

Ja : Blany 

Alex. Browne 
Gilbert Brakem'ig . . 
Adam Woods 

Set for 1692, to Tames Hamil- 
ton, of ToUymore, Esq.. at 



1 12 

2 10 



Ballygoskeran, tliree | 
quarters j 

Mictael Campbell, &c. 

"Wm. Alexander 
Jo : Hollan 
Jo : Camliu 


Michael Campbell and Widow 







£44 15 





£0 10 
1 10 

Jjyntou's quartar 


Jos. Martin . . . , 
Jos. M'Can 
Samuel Lewes 
Jos. Corsby 


4 10 


Ja : Forrest 


Refuses to make any agreemt. 

Beatty's quarter 


Waste until '92; set to Geo. 
Ruigland, at 

3 10 

Toy, in fee farm 

Alex. Bailie 


. . 




J no. Wily, sen. 




4 10 

Jno. "Wily, jun. 

. . 


Tolevcvie, quarter 

Ja : Bailie 





Mm-liUl, and part \ 
Toleverie J 

Jno. Hui 




Capt. Fairly' s qr., and\ 





"Widow Petticrew's 



John M'Doran and 





"SVidow Woods 

' * * * ' * 


Mr. Trail 





Maraore and Millsland 

Thomas Tailor 






Mr. How 




2 10 

2 10 





Edward "Weaver 



. . 



air. Mant 




Bally McCroraell 

Mrs, Eichison 


. . 


1 10 

Mr. Sloane 


. t 




Geo. Maxwe 1 




Half Ballywoolin 

Mrs. Eichison 


Jno. Seyers 
Andrew Woods 
George Johnston . . 
Jas. Stevenson 
Geo. Pollock 

1 4 



16 8 
2 10 

1 17 6 
13 4 
13 4 


Xathanicl Montgomery 


James Irwin 
Widow Montgomery 


2 8 

James Irwin and James 

Spotswsood, for '92 


9 10 


Denominations of 

Old Tenants- 

Rents Paid in 

Present Tenants' Names, and Rents to be 

Rents Pay- 




Paid for 1689, 1690, 


able for 1692. 




Captain "Williamson 


Thos. "Wallace, for part of | 


,. 6 10 

6 10 


The House and De- 

Offered by Hans Stevenson 

mesnes, Mills, &c., 

for '92, and his proposals 

of KiUileag-h 

accepted at 

. . 

16 3 


Da^ad Holland 



■William Brown 

16 8 

8 4 

Alexander Ferguson 

6 8 

3 4 

Mr. Sloane 



Alex. M'Kee 



Andrew Cosby 



John Nesbitt 

3 10 

1 15 

John Bredfoot 

2 4 

1 2 

John Camlin 



David Duffe 



Widow and Ja.:. Heron. 

2 18 


"Widow Alexander 

4 8 

2 4 

Widow Dowy 



James Steele, &c. 

2 5 4 

1 2 S 

"William Rowan 

10 3 


James M'Connell, &c. 

1 10 


Elizth. Lockert, & Holhou 

se 10 


Janet JM'Comb 


2 6 

John Espy 



Andrew Kernochan 

3 4 

1 8 

Thos Ferguson 

3 4 

1 8 

John Shannon 



John Ireland 



"Widow Purdy, or "Widow 

[ 10 



"Widow Williamson 

1 10 


John Henry 


4 6 

James. Steel, jun. 



James Worrell 



Widow Greer 



John Scott 

10 ■ 


James Irwin 

1 10 


Archibald Wardlaw 


2 6 

William Johnson 

1 1 3 

10 7* 

Tohn Seyers 



David Dggan 



lames Bro%\Ti, & M. Carr 

3 4 

1 8 

Thomas Aiken 

3 4 

1 8 

A.. Cowden 

3 4 

1 8 


lohu Jenkin 

3 4 

1 8 

Javid Heslip 



Fames Lenzy 

1 12 6 

16 3 

David Morrow 

l5 8 

7 10 

William Hilhouse 

5 8 

1 10 

Widow Murray 



Denominations of 

Old Tenants' 

Rents Paid in 

Present Tenants' Names, and Kents to be 

Rents Pay- 




Paid for 1689, 1690, and 1691, 

able for 1692, 


Janet Paradine 


2 6 


John M'Connell 



John Fairiss 



Hans Finlay 

1 10 


Alex. Spittle 



John Finlay 

1 12 


Ales. Bead 

5 4 

2 12 

Robert Paterson 

1 7 4 

13 8 

Gawin Paterson 



Alex. Gibony 

6 8 

3 4 

James Dixon 

10 8 

5 4 

Widow Ritchy 



James M'Munce 



Thomas Bradin 

1 2 1 

11 0§ 

John Mathy 

6 8 

3 4 

Widow Boid 

6 8 

3 4 

James Low don 

6 8 

3 4 

John Lowdon, jun. 
Widow Cleland 

11 8 

5 10 

6 8 

3 4 

John Lockert 

16 8 

8 4 

John Hamilton or Hilhouse 

10 6 

5 3 

Robert Irmn 

12 10 

6 5 

John Lowdon 

6 8 

3 4 

John Scott 

6 8 

3 4 

Janet Lyon 

6 8 

3 4 

Widow Simpson 

1 18 4 

19 2 

James Clarke 

7 6 

3 9 

John Irwiu^ sen. 

1 10 


John Read 

4 3 

2 1 6 

John Clugston 

16 8 

8 4 

James Morell 

2 8 


Archibald Richy 

6 8 

3 4 

Wm. Petticrew 

6 8 

3 4 

Thos. Cooper 

6 8 

3 4 

Dayid Welsh 

1 12 


Widow Cochran 


12 6 

Robert Hamilton, Merchant 



Wm. Armstrong 

2 2 6 

1 1 3 

Robert Moore 

2 18 

1 9 

James Browne 

1 5 

12 6 

Wm. Gowdy 


7 6 

Thos. Bradley claims"] 

John Robinson 

2 19 

1 5 

this in reversion \ 

Thos. Bradley 


2 10 

of 10s per annum J 

Joha Ross, (fcc. 


12 6 

Wm. HoUiday 

2 2 6 

1 1 3 

James M'Cidlani's Widow. . 



James M'Naght 


7 6 

Henry Inch 




Philip IMayers 



James Stanus, &c. 

2 3 6 

1 1 9 

Thos. Tavlor . 

6 8 

3 4 

Robert Hamilton 

3 14 

1 17 

Wm. Alexander 

2 5 

1 2 6 

Widow M'Uowell 

1 2 



Denominations of 

Old Tenants' 

Rents Paid 


Present Tenants' Names, and Rents to be 

Rents Pav- 




Paid for 1689, 1690, and 1691. 

ible for 169-!. 


Widow Campbell 

Captain "Williamson . 

3 14 4 

1 17 2 


£51 19 S 

£25 19 2 

4 8 

In Arrear 

Captain "Williamson 

2 18 6 

) and 

More .. _ .. \ 


\ made no 

For Castlewilliam 



More for Lieut. Gann'sland J 

5 1 6 


£20 14 8 

KiLLiNCHY Parish. 


Alex. Stewart 




17 10 


Jo : Ross 




2 10 

Widow M'Cullm 



2 5 

BaUy M'Cosin 

The Tenants 


-rhos. Lowry, &c. 

"Widow and Jno. Moorhead 

John Pattcm 

James Thompson, &c. 




BaUy M'Creely 

Wm. Hewitt 




"Wm. Hewitt 
Jas. Hewitt 
Wm. Stewart 
Jas. Oghterson . . 
"SVm. Patterson 
David Aul and Sons 
John Patterson, &c. 



3 6 





5 16 3 
7 15 


Captain Morrow 


Henry Carse 
"Wm Bole 
Robt. Cudbert . . 
"^^m. Moorhead 
John Throw 

2 4 


5 13 4 
16 8 

2 16 8 
2 16 8 

1 15 

John O'Dair 


Widow Thompson 

8 4 

8 4 


Jas. Sayage, Esq. 


John Stewart 
Jno. Hamilton, &c. 
Alex. M'Teer . . 
John Hunter 

6 3 4 
3 15 
2 6 8 
1 18 4 

3 6 8 
3 6 8 
19 2 

Ballygulin "1 
Ballygigon J 

Captain Moore 






. . 




Town's quarter 


Waste until '92. 


Ferguson's quarter 


Robert Mitchell . . 

'* 10 "o 

3 16 

Lynton's quarter 


Jno. Hewitt 
Jno. M 'Gill 
Thos. Bradley . . 


2 10 
1 10 

Achendarah. ") 

nr \ 



Thos. Coulter . . 

1 10 

or ? 

Drumabeg J 

Jno. Donnelson .. 
Jas. Beaty 
Samuel Mossman 
Jno. M'Bride . . 
Wm, Donnelson 

1 ic 

1 5 C 

2 10 C 

1 7 6 

2 1 8 
2 10 

1 7 6 
117 6 



Denominations of 

Old Tenants' 

Rents Paid in 

Present Tenants' Names, 

and Rents to be 

Rents Pay- 




Paid for 1689, 1090 

and 1691. 

able for 1692. 

ToxocHNEivE Parish, 



Mrs. NeiU, &c. 


Richard Graham 

Wm. Hamilton 

H. Cleland and Sons 


1 10 

1 10 

4 10 

Win, Hamilton 




2 10 

1 5 


David White 


. . 



Carsons, the Mill, and"l 
Half Liswine J 

Mr. MaxweU 


Jas. Sloane 

Thomas Coulter 
Abraham F:iliott 
Archd. Cooper 
The half town, settled to 


1 1 


1 4 
1 4 

14 4 


Cooper for '92, at 


Widow Maxwell 

4 10 

4 10 

Samuel Brown, &c. 

4 10 

4 10 

Widow Miller, for the Mill\ 
and Land . , / 




Jno. Doblin, &c. 


. . 




Adam M'Crea 


James Byers, &c. 

5 10 


Clontineglar \ 

Half Liswine f 
Ijagigowne, and I 

Capt. Gawen Hamilton 




42 10 

42 10 

KiUmore / 


Alex. Eobb, &c. { 



Alex. Eobb 
Alex, Eobb, for . . 
Jas. Macumsou . . 
Jas. Eea, the like 
Lodk. Harper . . 
Andrew M'Calla 
Geo. Fprman .. 
Widow Eea 


3 7 6 

1 18 "9 
1 18 9 
3 17 6 
1 18 9 
1 18 9 
19 41 

1 13 9 
1 3 9 
19 4^ 

19 4i 

1 18 9 
1 18 9 
1 18 9 
19 4J 

19 4J 

1 18 9 

Jas. Eea 


Ja : M 'William . . 

1 18 '9 


Jas. BLickwood 






Ro : Kyle 





E . Eoss 


. . 




Hu : Fairly 


Eefuses to make any agree- 


The Mill 


. . 


Mr. Fairly 


. . 




Mr. Hutchson 


Arthur Hamilton 

1 10 

1 10 

Andi-ew Bernet 


Eobt. Tod 
Wm. Johnson 
Jno. Thompson . . 

Nath. Forgy 


2 10 


1 5 
I 10 
1 3 

Lis dun an 

Arehd. M'Dowell 


. . 




Jas. Eailie 
g Eent-Eoll, 




Totals of the before-goic 



£703 U 

£613 15 10 

Waste Lands. — Ballygoskeran, waste 40 acres.— BallyMcCreely, Widow Hewitt's holdings, that paid £2 per 
annum, waste. — Ballow, John Throw, 20 acres waste.— Kelly's holdings in Drum Clay, which paid £2 10s.— 
Jenkins' and Killin's holdings in Carsons, waste. — Lisdalgan, about 100 acres waste. — Several waste hold- 
ings in the town of Killileagh, as Mr. Robert Maxwell' s,"&c. 


A List of Mortgages on the Jointure Lands of the late Countess of Clanbrassill : — 

John Hay, on part Ardigon, a mortgage, 

John Finlay's Adraor, on a quarter Cluntagh, 

John Hav, on part Toleverio, mortgage, . . .. .« 

Widow Woods, on BallyMcCaran 

Mrs. Eitchison, on BallyMcCromell 

John Robinson, on Island Tagert, 

John Savage, Esq., on Ballydorne, . . ... 

M'Bride's Executors, on Carrowreagh, . . . . . . . . 

Thomas Oliver, on a quarter Killiuchy, . . 
John Blackwood, on Druraaconnell, 
Hugh Fairly, on Listowder and Mill, 
Mr. Fairly, on Ballydian, ... ... 

James Forrest, on a quarter Cluntagh, . , 


James Bailie claims part of Tolleverie in reversion, at the yearly rent of 

Gilbert How, part Ballytrim, and part Ballygoskeran, at 

James Sloaue, Lisna, at 

James Bailie, Oghley, at 

John Blackwood, Drumaconnell, .. .. .. .. 

Captain Gawin Hamilton did not claim hife'reversiori of the holdings in Clunttdaglar, but desired a settlement as 
other tenants. 


















s of the 

following Lands : 



.'. '.'. 22 





Persons removed away with rents : — 

MuLLAGH. — James Sumers, removed to Ballylentin in Lecale, with three years' rent, at £4 10s per 

annum, ending All Saints, '91, .. .. .. .. .. .. £13 lo 

Ballygoskeran. — George Newell, removed to or near Mudock, near the Bann "Water, in Mr. "War- 
ing' s estate, with three years' rent, ending the same time, . . . . . . . . 9 

Derhyboy. — George Maxwell, removed to the County of Ardmagh, with three years' rent, ended the 

same time, . . . . , . , . . . . . . , , , 60 

Drxjmclat. — Samuel Browne, removed to Liswine, with . . . . , . . . , . 43 

Several runaways, that we know not the places of thcii- now residence. . 

£86 13 4 

The house and demesne, &c., of Killileagh possessed by Sir Robert Maxwell until Spring, 1691 ; 

that Mr. Wm. Fairly entered and had the crop of grazing for that year, and benefitt ) To have directions 

' ' " ' parti- 

in both thes 

of the mill, &c. _ „„_ _„„„ ^„.v.- 

1692. — Mr. Stevenson proposed to pay for the above particulars £76 3s Od, and his proposal | culars how to pro- 
accepted, but Mr. Fairly continued his possession. ^ ceed. 

£30 detained in the Taylor's hands for Mamore rent for building the mill of Killileagh, . . Direction in this. 

£15 charged on Toy, held in fee farm by Mr. Bailie, for three yeai-s. — Quere, what abatement 
will be given .'' 

Ballygullin and Ballegagh £1 per annum, charged with the whole ; Ballebregagh £2 per 
annum, with the whole. — Quere, what abatement will be given .- 

QuERE. — What proposals to be made to the tenants for the year 1693, as to their continuance, 
and on what teiTQs ? for they generally expect to" hold as they did the last year, by 
reason they had no timely notice to remove. 


Receipts :-— 

Of the several sums 

by Eobert 
the sum of 

in the before going rent-roll for the arrears ended at All Saints, '91, received 
rt Kyle, and Simon Isaac, as per the particulars of their receipts may appear. 


Disbursed as followetli 

Jwi?/-m/s.— Chief rent to Mr. Hill, .. .. .. .. •• .. , .. 80 . 

2 Paid to Mr. Ai-ehibald Hamilton, as per his receipt, .. .. .. .. 77 

3 Paid to Mr. Pat. Hamilton and others, on his account, . . . . . . . . 77 

4 Paid to Mr. Fairly in cash, and by allowance of rents in his and Captam Hamilton's hands, 89 11 2 

5 ...".". '. Eeceived by Simon Isaac, for account of James Hamilton, Esq,, and Hans Hamilton, > ^^^ ^ ^^ , 

Esqr's., proportion, . . . . ....... . • > 

Arrears to and for All Saints, '91 : — 

Mamore. — Thomas Tailor, 



James Bailie, Toleverie, 

Mr. How, 

John Blackwood 

Captain Moore's interest, 


The remaining £52 Is Od, remaining due in small sums in the tenants* hands, which 
will be soon got up. 


£477 16 Oi 















£172- 17 8 


£650 13 8i 

KiLLiLEAGH, 1st 9ber, 1692. 


In answer to yours of the 27th October last, which came to our hands about ten days since, we 
herewith send you a Rent-roll of the Jointure-lands of the late Countess of ClanbrassiU, as it paid in 1688, by the best 
information we can find ; also an account of the compositions we have made for '90 and '91, and the rents to be paid 
for the year ended at All Saints, 1692, -which you may distinguish by the collunms in the Eent-roUs. 

"We have also sent you an account of our receipts, and how we have applied the same, and to what persons. 

"We have also sent a list of the mortgages, and reversions ; and desire to have your directions how we shaU proceed 
in them, and in the collection of the other rents due by Thomas Tailor and others, which we send you the particulars 
of, and to have your answer and directions as to the other particulars we mentioned, and we shall proceed accordingly. 

"We have sent an account of the arrears also, and most of the persons by whom due. For the other small arrears, 
we shall endeavour soon to get them up, and hope, if we have yours and Mr, Brownlow's answer and instructions how 
to proceed as to the Leases in Eeversion and other particulars, we may soon account for the arrears. 
We are, your Honble.'s most humble servants, 

Egbert Kyle. 
Simon Isaac. 


Op what teeatt peecedbd the Law-suit betwixt Sik Eobeet Hamilton, James op Newcastle, 


I must now remind, that Archibald and Patrick were snared under the articles formerly men- 
tioned ; but James of Neilsbrook, upon a reference of the differences betwixt Sir Hans and James of 
Newcastle, stood under an award of arbitrators, who adjudged them to perform according to these 
articles, and him to be determined thereby ; yet Sir Hans never subscribed to the bonds of sub- 
mission, nor was James of NeHsbrook satisfied with the award, so as there was no further agree- 
ment. Meantime, Archibald got nothing, nor could he get so much as accounts stated with them ; 
but, on the contrary. Sir Hans had ordered his agent to possess himself on his account of an estate 
which Archibald had in the parish of Bally waiter (whereof a part was inheritance, and a part by lease- 
hold), and this was done by distraining the tenants till they got possession, which was performed 
after his death, for that Sir Robert will not quit it, and Archibald was unwilling (and now not 
very able) to go to law. Tea, farther, whereas Sir Hans was due a debt by bond to Archibald, 
'sir Eobert put him to a suit at law, for clearing the account of byepast annuities which he had 
received, though Archibald never sued Sir Hans nor him for either principal or annuities, and 
offered frequently to discount without law, but Sir Eobert would do nothing but by law. Patrick 
had for some few years received £50 by a rent-charge on some lands of the Estate of ClanbrassU, 
and Sir Eobert and James of Newcastle stopt it, and received it for their own uses ; so now all 
the three were in the same circumstances, and very much exhausted of their small estates by the 
charges of the suit which Sir Hans and James managed to no purpose ; and, besides, by frequent 
and chargeable appointments and meetings of the five, from time to time, and from place to place, 
upon several pretences, at all which times and places Archibald and Patrick were equal charges 
with Sir Hans and James, though (besides their own estates and employments) they now possessed 
£1,800 a-year out of the Estate of Clanbrassill, and had their attendants suitable, it being of 
the agreement at Bangor, to out-weary and expend them, till they should be glad at last to take 
any small trifle of money the two should be pleased to give them ; for they assured themselves 
the three would never go to law, having neither skill in it, nor money nor friends for it, 
yea, were not men of the times. On the other side. Sir Eobert Hamilton forces himself into 

Sir Hans his place, and in this manner Sir Hans, in a late settlement, had committed 



his estates and affairs to be managed for his grandchild's* use, to his o"wti brother, Lieutenant 
Francis Hamilton, and Major Richardson ; and all expected this would have continued, for that it 
•was known Sir Hans his great design was to keep it from Sir Robert his handling ; but he found 
agents to persuade these two to break their trust (for to subvert honest wills and break trusts 
was now their work, and it was but just that Sir Hans was so served as he had done to others), 
though formerly none appeared more forward to please Sir Hans and slight Sir Robert than they ; 
but " a living dog is better than a dead lion," and withal he had entered himself as executor to 
Sir Hans ; bought "William Moore's title ; and had procured of the Court of Chancery to be guardian 
to Sir Hans' 8 grandchild ; and so enters upon his whole estate and affairs. Lieutenant H. came 
into £600, which law could not have given him ; James of Newcastle met with a fit comrade, and 
got a new title over his head against the three cousins ; and Major Richardson was complimented 
out of his room, and say'd he had no reason to stick by Sir Hans's settlement, when his own 
brother and cousin (whom he had so much obliged) did forget it. After some time spent in 
considering how to go about the settlement of the matter. Sir Robert and James of l^ewcastle are 
tried by the friends of what course they will take, and they profess liberally a great disposition and 
desire for an amicable agreement. For this end, a time is appointed, and it is agreed on, that 
"William Hamilton, of Edinburgh, shall be sent for to meet at such a place and such a day."" At 
the time appointed, he and others met, and James of Newcastle tells that he did not expect his 

* This grandchild afterwards became Sir Hans Hamilton, abroad, having been scarcely well since I saw you. Soe, 

and married Jane Skeffington, eldest daughter of the second untill meeting, and ever, I remain, S^ yo>^ reall friend and 

Viscount Massareene. They had an only daughter, Anne ---*; ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^,^ ^^ ^^_ ^ J^^°J C01.VII.L. 

Hamilton, who married James Campbell, Esq., of London, ^f Edinburgh— These." 

who took the name of Hamilton to possess the estate, and ,„ , . ^ „. ,^ , , « , .„ , , , 

11 1 ■ it e ,;i„ „„ II n ,„ 7,^77 rr„,„,-7/^^ >• iTn I This letter is from Sir Robert Colville, who had pur- 
was well-known in the family as ' Ca77;7;oe(t-ii«77ij(ron. He 1 Jll 1 1 !• i- J I, 1 r XT 1 

J J vv^'-D-77. chased the lordship, corporation, and borough of Newtown, 

died in London, in 1749, at the age of 80.— Aee Mrs. Beilhj s ^ ^ ^^^^^ -^^^^^^ f^^m the second Earl of Mount Alexander, 

Memoirs, p. 88. in Nov., 1675, for £10,640.— See Lodge, vol. i. p. 374. He 

y,r^, , ,, . 1 tt _„ „i,:„i, „ «^ !,„„„! „>;♦ also afterwards, in 1693, purchased from Patrick Hamilton, 

b The following letters, which appear to have been writ- ^ ^^ Granshaw, who is mentioned in this letter, one- 
ten to Mr. William Hamilton about this time, have been gfti^ ^f tjje Clanbrassil estate, to which he was entitled 
found among the family papers : — under Earl James's will, but soon after disposed of it to 
" Newtown, 26th March, 1685. James Hamilton, Esq., of Tollymore.— Jlirs. Eeilly's Me- 

" Sir— I rec"! yo" of the 25th instant this morning about moirs, p. 89.] 

nine o'clock. I had noe intention of going to Finabrogue " Bargany, 7th September, 1685, 

on Friday next, until I rec<J yo" ; but if you be all in readi- " Sm— I received your's, by Mr. John Hutchesone, upon 

ness, I i^hall never be backward to further so good a work Thursday last, who told me y* ane express was sent me by 

as is intended, and shall not faile to meet you at Killileagh you and my friends a week before, which letters I did not 

to-morrow bv noone, being Fryday. Therefore, be shure receive till just now. In answer to both yours, I am most 

you have all persons concern'd to act their part. I know willing to travell or doe anything may serve my friends; 

not if Sir Ro : Maxwell be returned from Lisburne yet ; but the day of the tryall of James Earle of Clanbrassil's 

but you would doe well to send this night, or early to-mor- will being over, I waite for a second consideration and call; 

row 'morning, to lett him know our intentions of meeting at and if then you and they think it necessary, I shall make 

Killileagh to-morrow ; for he is a material verb. I suppose all the haste the wind will permitt ; but they and you may 

you have acquainted yC cusin, Mr. Patrick Hamilton, like- consider I have no skill in your law, or making answers to 

wise. If it were not upon this occasion, I should hardly goe bills, and, for matter of fact or papers, they have that already; 


cousin "William, and so had involv'd himself in business which he could not now neglect, hut he 
would be able shortly to fix another diet ; and thus several fixed times are postponed ; and being 
privately attack'd, he did not stick to say he was not now bound by the articles, for that when he 
entered into them he had no title to the estate ; and now hoped that if they should sue him on that 
account, the Lord Chancellor would relieve him. After some time thus spent, and that Sir Robert 
Hamilton had often say'd he would not give the other three cobs apiece for their interest by the 
articles, for that he held by "William Moore's title, and James of Newcastle by him ; yea, to this 
effect he spoke to the friends themselves. "Whilst matters stood thus with the three friends, they 
find it unavoidable that they must go to law, and agree together to assay it, intreating earnestly 
Mr. "William Hamilton's conduct and assistance. He resolves to assay it, yet still as to be ready 
to hearken to all offers and opportunities for peace. As this goes abroad, and that every body's 
mouth was full of the discourse of this matter, they offer new conferences, especially one at Dublin, 
where all must meet. At the time agreed on they meet, but none must be present at any discourse 
but the parties, and Mr. "William Hamilton, who had treated for the three. "When the discourse 
was entered on. Sir Robert, and James of Newcastle, would own no articles but some consideration 
for friendship's sake, and because they had by an unfortunate conduct laid out money in order to the 

but if they in the least think my coming will serve them, I 
will come, and jTore, I entreat you, after sight, take your 
horse and goe to S'' Robert, and send for Mr. Maxwell 
and my other freinds, by which 1 shall be determined soone. 
My service to Bastoune and all friends. I continue your 
most affectionate and humble servant, " Bargant. 

" For James Ross, of Portavoe, Esquire. — These." 
[It does not appear how this letter, addressed to Mr. 
Eoss, came among the Hamilton papers ; but they were 
probably handed over to Mr. William Hamilton, at the 
same time as the correspondence copied at pp. 102, 3, 4, 
and 6, ante, between Lord Bargany and Mr. Ross and his 
other agents in this country. — Ed.] 

" Dublin, 27th October, 1685. 
" Sm — Yo" of the 23d inst. I rec<i yesterday, baveing on 
Saturday returned an answer to Mr. Fairlie's of the 2lst, 
the perusal whereof will inform you of that day's transac- 
tions. You did well in complying with their desire of ad- 
juming to Downpatrick, for the prevention of any pretence 
of not getting their witnesses examined, that they might 
offer for procuring further time to examine. And as for 
the Interogatories, they are never filed with the Register, 
but only attested by him, and an entry made of the parties' 
names. My own opinion is, that they, having examined 
noe witnesses, might alter their Interogatories. If there 
be no other hindrance of yo' serving the suhpcena to hear 
judgement than the not closing the commission till 6th 
Nov., you need not insist upon that, but have those defts in 
the country served ; and Sir Robert, being in England, we 
will have an order of court for serving his cl'' for him. 
There is a month's time given for excepting to the answers 

to JA Bargany and Rosse. I delivered your letter to Mr. 
Sargt Echlin, who will write to you this night. I believe 
it would be requisitt that you should be here by the first of 
Terme, or as soon after as you conveniently can. If any 
thing occur before yo"^ comeing, the same shall be commu- 
nicated to you by, S', yo^ most obed* serv', 

" Char. Cetmble. 

" Be pleased to acquaint Mr. Fairley, that if their com" 
will meet and jojne in speeding the com° in Stewert's cause 
they may proceed, otherwise they must be summoned again, 
and have li days' notice. 

" For Mr. James Irvin, in Killileagh, per Downpatrick, 
for Mr. Wm. Hamilton, in haste — These." 

" Newtown, 6 June, 1687. 

" Sir — A Saterday, late at night, I received Mr. Fairly'a, 
with tlie enclosed. The 2 sealed I sent away early laste 
morning as directed, and they were delivered to his neice at 
Comber before 7 o'clock I tynd he hath not seen the open 
letter I wrote, that he might be with me this morning to 
have shown it, but is not come, and I will keepe the post 
as long as not to loose Belfast' s. This inclosed is all cume 
alongest writen upon the botom of yours. There are soe 
many circumstances to be considered, and I have none here 
to discours with, and of soe great importance, as it is not 
fitt for me to be positive, especially being a stranger to 
many circomstances as might give great clearness ; delays 
have their inconvenience as well as to push forward, and lor 
what lean observe, you are nowalmost at a lotery ; whatmay 
seime best may prove worst ; and yet you will observe what 
was granted, and, tho'more than ordinary, how it was taken, 
and thought not enough, whereby it may be observed wher 


proving of the will, and more to this purpose ; all of which the three thought was nothing to the 
purpose, and so resolved to acquaint Sergeant Osborne with this treatment, and ask his advice. 
Sergeant Osborne being repaired to, had the view of the articles and bonds, and an account of the 
present treatment (and something of byepasts), and advised of it, and say'd he would discourse the 
matter with Sir Eobert and James ; and, as they waited on him thereafter, it fell out that Sir 
Robert and James came to the Sergeant's. The three and Mr. William Hamilton withdrew, yet 
overheard loud and vehement discourse on both sides. At last the three were called in to them, and 
the Sergeant told them that he found Sir Eobert and James persuaded and resolved not to own the 
articles, but stand on their title by WiUiam Moore ; and that he was sorry for the difference he 
found among them that were all kinsmen, and lately of one side and in one bottom, for that he could 
do us no service. There was also the like diligence used with a person of quality, to whom it was 
supposed that Sir Eobert paid a great deference, which proved of no better success — all to prevent 
a law-suit. But, shortly after, James of Newcastle was pleased to come up to the place where the three 
and Mr. "William Hamilton lodged, and told them, " Gentlemen, I am come to unmask myself, and 

the wind bloweth most favorably now, but if any hopes of 
faire wether, its hardly saife to leave a harbour, and yet 
for fear of mortalitj', if you provided soe sure as you offer, 
if tber wer more possitive rents to force you out, it were 
well that were done ; for if the most materiall were done, 
and leave one or two least considerable, would it not gain 
time ? It hath bein so formerly with others, and with you in 
this adventure ; and yet, upon the whole, I must return and 
leave as I have formerly ; men must doe the liklyest, and 
leave the event to God. Being persuaded the Sergt and 
you will follow those measures you think best. Soe God di- 
recte y« and, let the event be vyhat it will, it shall be satis- 
iactory to your's, *' Eobert Colvtll. 

" For William Hamilton, of Edinburgh, Esqr., at Dub- 
lin.— These." 

" Newton, 9 Decem^"", 1687. 

" Sir — The Dublin post came not to Belfast untiU Wed- 
ensday morning, and I received not y" until noone, soe I 
could not write by that day's post; but I imediately sent it 
to PLatrick] H[amilton], who came here yesterday, and 
after we had discoursed of sending y letter to the "person 
it was directed to, we concluded better let it alone, and he 
wrote himself, whereof he promised to give you an account. 
H. Leslie promised not to faill, and i send againe to him by 
his father, who left me a Wedensday, soe I thinke he will 
be here. I shall write to Mr. Knox the night if he be come 
home, and I hope he wDl not refuse. If the Com" meet, 
ther is nothing in y absence to be done but to adjurne. 
I apiehend yr clerk's proceeding with Mr. Rosse may dis- 
cblieg, and the rather, because I see they write with P. 
I advised him to be cautious what he did, and not to appear 
in it What yr new motion is, I am not curious to know, 
but I am persuaded it's just ;>oe wish you good success. I 
must trouble y ou r g lin to cause take out acopie of M'GiU's bill 
against me and others, with a copie of the Register's notts 

and rules of court, and send me a close copie, and leave the 
originals with the Sergeant, to whom I have wrote in this 
particular. Speak likewise to Mr. Williamson, and desire 
him to let me know how the outlaruie against them stands, 
and if bail be given ? He should have given me an ac- 
count of his trust when the cause was removed to Chancery. 
Learn in what court Johnston hath entered up his judg- 
ment against Cunningham, and when ; and consult the 
Sergeant if it wUl touch reversions. If soe, gard against 
it, and cause the Sergeant employ some attorney to attend 
ther motion, that I be not surprized, and you may give 
Cunningham notice that after he hath received full satisfac- 
tion, he need not endevor any such thing, but rather pre- 
vent it ; for he will at long run come by worst, and it may be 
by it. A great vessel] was driven on Belfast Bridg, and hath 
done much harm— some say £200 will not make up the 
damage. — I am, y", " Robert Colvtll. 

" To Wniiam Hamilton, Esq., of Edinburgh, at Dublin. 

Although Mr. William Hamilton was thus sent for and 
solicited by his three cousins to act for them as their 
adviser, and in conducting the litigation on their behalf, he 
had also become personally interested in the result of it, 
by his eldest brother, James of NeUsbrook, having, in the 
year 1680, entered into an agreement with him and his 
brother, Gawen Hamilton, that in consideration of their 
joining and concurring with him in recovering one- fifth 
part of the Clanbrassil estate, and advancing a proportionable 
share of the expenses of doing so, he would grant them an 
equal moiety of his fifth part when recovered. A copy of 
this agreement, and of James of Neilsbrook's will, and of a 
release from his daughters confirming it, will be found in 
the Appendix, to this chapter. 


speak barefaced to you, tho' hitherto I was obliged to comply with Sir Robert his methods and 
discourse. The truth is (say'd he), I purchased a share iu William Moore his title for myself, to 
enable me to perform my share of the articles. If you will pay me for your shares of the purchase- 
money and charges I have been at, I am content to treat with you on these terms, tho' I 
cannot bring Sir Robert Hamilton to do as I would." The three and Mr. Wm. thanked him for 
his freedom, and say'd they would think of what use they could make of his discovery, but at this 
time no further progress could be made toward agreement. This matter being much noised, 
especially amongst the friends of the Court, the two offer yet another assay whilst Mr. "William 
Hamilton was in Dublin, making preparations for a law-suit, and it is agreed that on a prefixed day 
all shall meet at Ballycloughan, the place of James of Newcastle his residence, and that Mr. H , of 
Bangor, and Doctor H. Kennedy, of Eallycultra, shall be with them. Whereupon Mr. W. Hamilton is 
eent for, and comes in great haste. At the meeting, great professions of friendship are made ; but 
the communings must not be carried on openly or in the presence of all parties, but the parties 
keep different rooms ; and the two formerly mentioned carry and plead overtures and proposals 
betwixt the parties, until they seem all to have agreed as things were represented ; and for * 
* of all, it is agreed unto, that Sir Robert Hamilton and Mr. William Hamilton shall meet at 
Dublin on a prefixed day, and present the matter agreed on to counsel, and prepare all things for 
being perfected by the rest concerned ; and that, upon their advertisement, all shall come up to 
finish the matters and papers so prepared. 

At the appointed time (or thereabouts), they met at Dublin ; but Sir Robert contracted some 
indisposition, which kept him in his chamber. Mr. William Hamilton paid him several visits, but 
proposed nothing of business imtil Sir Robert urged him to it ; their first work was to recapitulate 
the terms condescended on, and they differ so far as that they can proceed no further in the way 
of treaty, and so give it up, yet, so as Mr. WiUiam Hamilton on the one hand prepared diligences 
for the suit, suitable to Sir Robert his quality (he being then a member of the Privy Council), but, 
say'd he would expect to hear further from him ere he would serve his letter missive (having lost 
a former diligence, by the treaty at B.Cloghan). At last. Sir Robert sent his cousin (and, indeed, all 
their cousins were concerned in the suit), Mr. Trail, with an express commission (which Mr. Hamilton 
would not receive till he had provided three or four credible witnesses) to tell him he would treat 
no more with him, but expected (or desired) that he would enter his suit at law, and make use of 
his summons or letter missive, which, having taken those gentlemen witnesses, he did on that same 
day, being the very last day they were in force. Rut the truth is, Sir Robert had been dangerously 
unwell, and recovered his litigious humour with his strength ; yet his retreat was fair, for he denied 
what Mr. William alleged was agreed to, and Mr. William could neither prove it, nor oblige him to 

stand to it if he had. 




[Copy Agreement between James Hamilton, of Neilsbrook, and Gawin and "William Hamilton, 
dated 21st October, 1680, referred to at page 136, ante.'] 

This Indenture, made the 21st day of October, in the year of our Lord One Thousand Six Hundred and Fourscore 
years, between James Hamilton, of Neilsbrook, in the county of Antrim, Esq., on the one part, and Lieutenant Gawin 
Hamilton, of Lisowne, in the county of Down, Gentlema n, and Master "William Hamilton, of the city of Edinburgh, 
in the kingdom of Scotland, writer, brother germans to the said Jam es Hamilton, on the other part : Whereas, James, 
Earl of Clanbrasil, by his latter will and testament, did leave his estate to the five eldest sons or issue male of his five 
uncles, if it should happen his two sons to decease without heirs of their body; and, whereas, the said James Hamilton, 
of Neilsbrook, eldest surviving son to Archibald Hamilton, of Halcraig, the eldest of the said five uncles, did claim and 
concur with the four eldest sons of the other four uncles, for proving the said will and testament ; and, whereas, the said 
Gawin Hamilton, and Mr. William Hamilton, brother to the said Jame s Hamilton, did concjr with and assist him in 
the proving of the said will and other suits concerning the same. Now, this Indenture witnesseth, that it is cove- 
nanted, concluded, and agreed by and between the said parties in manner following : — 

Imprimis — That the saitl James Hamilton, and the said Gawin, and Mr. William Hamilton, his brethren, shall, for 
preserving the memory of tl\eir father's family, join and concur together for recovering the said fifth part, and bear, 
and advance one proportionable part of the expeuces to be disbursed thereupon according to their respective proportions 
after specified of the said fifth part. 

Item — The said James Hamilton, for himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, for the love and afi'ection he 
hath to his said two brethren, and the other considerations above-mentioned, doth covenant, promise, and grant to and 
with the said Gawin, and Mr. William Hamilton, his brethren, their heirs, exors., admors., and assigns, that the said 
James Hamilton, and his aforesaids, shall and will make, do, and execute, or cause and procure to be made, done, 
and executed, all such gifts, grants, conveyances, and assurances of the law, for granting, assigning, and conveying unto 
the said Gawin and Mr. William Hamilton, equally betwixt them and their aforesaids, one just equal half or moiety of 
the said James Hamilton his said fifth part of the said estate of Clanbrasil, and of all lands, money, hereditaments, 
tenements, freeholds, and other things whatsoever belonging to the said estate, and falling, accruing, pertaining, and 
belonging to the said James Hamilton, as his fifth part thereof, excepting and reserving to the said James Hamil- 
ton, and Agnes Kennedy, alias Hamilton, his wife, and his heirs, exors., adjiors., and assigns, the rents and profits of 
the first part of the freeholds that was in the possession of Eail Henry at the time of his decease, during all the days 
of Ann, Countess of Clanbrasil, her life-time, by the said latter Will and Testament, or by any other manner of way. 

Item — It is further agreed between the said parties, that the said half conveyed or to be conveyed and made over by 
the said James Hamilton of his said fifth part to the said Gawin and Master William Hamilton, equally betwixt them, 
and their aforesaids, shall be burthened and afi'ected, and made liable to make papnent and satisfaction of the just equal 
half of all debts, incumbrances, and rewards, to be given to the heirs general, and other persons, and half of all other 
burdens whatsoever wherewith the said James Hamilton his said fifth part shall be burthened, afi"ec;ed, or made liable 
to pay, and satisfy, and to relieve the said James Hamilton, and his aforesaids, of the half of the said debts, incum- 
brances, rewards, and other aforesaids. 

In Witness whereof, the parties abovesaid to these present Indentures their hands and seals interchangeably have set, 
the day and year first above written. 

Signed, sealed, and delivered, in presence of \ Ja. Hamilton. [seal.] 


JOHN HAMILTON, 1 Wm. HAMILTON, (with my hand.) [seal.] 



[Copy "Will of Captain James Hamilton, of Neilsbrook, dated 6tli September, 1683, referred 

to at page 136, ante.'] 

In the name of God, amen. — The last "Will and Testament of Captain James Hamilton, of Neilsbrook, being sound 
and perfect in memory and mind, though sick in body, written the 6th day of September, in the year of our Lord, 
1683, and the thirty-fifth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord, Charles the Second, by the grace of God, of Eng- 
land, Scotland, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith. 

Imprimis — I do recommend my soul into the hands of Almighty God, my Creator, hoping to receive full pardon and 
free remission of all my sins, and to be saved by the precious death and merits of my Blessed Saviour and Redeemer 
Jesus Christ, and my body to be buried in a decent manner. I do leave to my dear wife, Agnes Kennedy, during all 
the days of her natural life, 0II and singular towns, lands, tenements, and interests whatsoever, with the appurtenances,* 
belonging to me in the County of Antrim, and that free of all debts, my said wife maintaining Rose, Ann, and Rachel 
Hamilton, our three daughters, until such time as they receive portions out of my other estate, left by me to them, 
competent for their maintenance, with full power to my said wife to provide and dispose of my towns, lands, and 
interests aforesaid, to such of our said daughters after her own death as she shall think fit. 

Item — I do leave to my said three daughters, and their heirs for ever, to be divided amongst them in manner after 
mentioned, one just equal half or moiety, and also leave and confirm to my two loving brethren, Lieutenant Gawin and 
Mr. "Wniiam Hamilton, and their heirs for ever, to be divided equally betwixt them (in consideration of the sum of 
£ sterling, money advanced by them to me, and applied by me in the suit against Alice, Countess of Clan- 

brasil, and of the other sums, services, and travel expended and done by them in relation to the same suit), the other 
just equal half or moiety of my fifth part or share, or of any other share or proportion that was left devised or provided, 
or otherwise falling, accruing, or belonging to me by the last Will and Testament of James, Earl of Clanbrasil, Lord 
Claneboye, or by any other manner of way whatsoever, of all and singular the whole manors, towns, lands, tenements, 
hereditaments, patronage, royalties, advowsons, reversion or reversions, remainder or remainders, goods and chattels, 
or other estate or estates whatsoever, belonging to the said Earl at the time of his death, with the appurtenance i, and 
of all profits, benefits, and advantages whatsoever, that either may or can accrue out of my share and proportion afore- 
said, excepting and reserving to me, my heirs, and assigns, all rents and profits which have or may accrue out of my 
share and proportion of all freeholds within that part of the estate of Clanbrasil not in possession of Anne, Countess 
of Clanbrasil, or Sir Robert Maxwell, her husband, and that during the said Countess her natui-al life only. 

Item — I further leave to my said daughters, and their heirs for ever, all my towns, lands, right, title, and interest 
belonging to me in the County of Monaghan, with my third part or proportion of the two rent charges, which con- 
tain £22, granted at first by Art Og M'Mahon to Robert Moore and Christopher Bath, then of Drogheda, Merchants, 
and assigned by them to Sir Charles Coote, Knight and Baronet, and in the Earl of Munrath, of which he hath given a 
letter of attorney to Peter Beehan, me the said James Hamilton, and James Duffy, for the use and benefit of the said 
James Hamilton, Peter Beehan, and John Owens, and is to make over his right to the said Peter Beehan, upon demand 
to the said Earl or his assigns at any time hereafter, and to the proper use of the said Peter Beehan, James Hamilton, 
and John Owens, as it shall be equally divided amongst them,— always my said daughters paying my just debts and 
legacies. I also leave ten shillings a year out of the lands of ToUytollack ; ten shillings a year out of the lands of 
Dawhatty ; fourteen shillings and elevenpence out of the lands of Clonfad, which is king's rent paid by me for these 
lands, with power to distrain for the same, in case of not thankful payment, and that ay and while the said pro- 
prietors relieve my said daughters of the said king's rent. 

Item— I leave to my said daughters all my right, title, interest, claim, or demand I have, can have, or may claim 
to an house in Dublin, situate on the Merchants' Quay, and to all past rents since the year of God, 1668, that the 
trustees received the rents that year, now being received by me ever since, with full power to shew and plead, recover 
and discharge after receipt. My will is, and I order that my said daughters shall divide the whole estate aforesaid^ 
left to them according to five shares, giving Rose two, and three shares to be equally divided betwixt the other two ; 


and if it please God to call any of them before marriage, that then the eldest then living have three ahares, and two 
shares to the youngest. 

Ttem—l ordain my said daughters to satisfy and pay all my just and la-svfiil debts out of the full estate aforesaid left 
by me to them. 

Item~l leave to James, Margaret, Jean, Rachel, and Helen Fairlie, my sister's son and daughters, the third year's 
rent or profit that my said daughters shall get or recover out of that moiety and half left to them of the estate of Clan- 
brasil, which year's rent I order my said daughters, whenever they shall receive the same, to pay and deliver unto my 
said sister's son and daughters above named. 

/^(.„,_-Mv will is, that if it shall happen my said three daughters to get so much of the whole portion left by me 
to them as will yield to them £200 sterling per annum of yearly rent, over and above the payment of my debts, that 
then, at the end of three vears after the receipt and possession of their said portions, they shall pay to my dear vrife, 
their mother, £40 per annum during the time she remaineth my widow, which £40 is to be paid proportionally by 
my said daughters, according to the division aforesaid of the estate and goods left by me to them. 

Item~l leave my wife and three daughters my sole executors of this my last "Will and Testament, and my two 
brethren, Lieutenant Gawin and Mr. "VTilliam Hamilton, and Mr. "William Fairley, the elder, and Mr. Thomas Kennedy, 
of Newtown, and, in case of any of their deceases, the survivors of them, to be overseers, as well in moveables as other 
things, to my said daughters. 

Item— I leave my wife to be manager of my whole estate left to my daughters during the non-divident amongst 
them, and to take to her assistance my brethren. Lieutenant Gawin, and Mr. "William Hamilton, with power to my 
said wife, vdth consent of her daughters, to sell off and dispose what lands shall be thought most fit for sale, for the 
payment of my debts, it always being with the consent of two of the foresaid named overseers, either Lieutenant 
Gawin, or Mr. William, being always one. 

Item —If it shall fall out that any of my daughters marry without the consent of their mother and one of ray breth- 
ren, or my brother-in-law, Mr. "U'^illiara Fairlie, that then, in that case, it shall be in the power of my wife and breth- 
ren, or brother-in-law, to diminish her or their portion who so marries, and to give to her or them so much thereof as 
they shall think fit, giving the remainder to the other sisters. 

Item — My pleasure and will is, that my wife and daughters live together while unmarried ; and if any of my said 
daughters incline to live at any other place, that it be where any two of the overseers shall think fit, and so to be 
ordered in all things with their mother's consent, with the overseers, always Lieutenant Gawin, or Mr. "William, being 

And this I publish, manifest, and declare to be my last "Will and Testament, as witness my hand and seal the day 
and year above written. 

J. Hamilton. [seal.] 

Signed, sealed, and delivered to my dear wife, to the behoof of herself 
my daughters, and brethren, and others above named, in presence of 




[Copy Release from Rose and Anne "ffamilton to "William Hamilton, dated Htli October, 1685, 
referred to at page 136, ante. 

Tnis Tn-df.nttjrt?, made the fourteenth day of October, in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Six Hundred and 
Eighty-five, between Rose Hamilton, and Anne Hamilton, both of Neilsbrook, in the county of Antrim, of the one part 
and "William Hamilton, of the city of Dublin, Esq., of the other part: "Whereas, James Hamilton, of Neilsbrook', 


by iis last wUl in writing, dated tlie sixth day of September, in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Six Hurdred 
Eighty and Three, and by- deeds duly executed in his life time, or one of them, did devise, convey, and settle on Gawin 
Hamilton, of Lisowin, in the county of Down, and the said William, one moiety, or half of all that portion, or fifth 
part of James, late Earl of Clanbrassil's estate, which the said James Hamilton had right and title unto, by the last will 
of the said Earl James, as by the said will and deeds of the said James Hamilton, deceased, may more at large appear. 
And, Whereas, the said William hath accepted of an Indenture of Lease, made by Sir llobert Maxwell, Knight and 
Bart., and the Eight Honble. Anne, Countess of Clanbrasil, Archibald Hamilton, of Ardmagh, and Patrick Hamilton, 
of Grangehaugh, and the said Rose, and Anne, of the Castle, Town, and Manor, of Killileagh and Dufl'erin, and certain 
other lands settled in jointure on the said Countess, and lately in her and the said Sir Robert Maxwell, and their under- 
tenants' possession, to Henry Leslie, of Sheepland, in the county of Down, clerk, and the said William, their ex( cutori 
and administrators, for and during the ttrm and space of sixty-one years, from the first of November last ; yielding and 
papng thereout and therefore, amongst other things, to the said Archibald, Patrick, Rose, and Anne, yearly, during the 
said term, if the said Countess should so long live, the sum of thirty shillings sterling, and the sum of one thousand and 
four hundred pounds sterling, yearly, during the residue of the said term, after the death of the said Countess, if she 
shall happen to die before the expiration thereof, or to that or some such effect, as by said Indenture bearing date the 
ninth of this instant October, may now at large appear. Now, this Indentui-e Witnesseth, that the said Rose, and Anne 
to the intent and purpose, that the said William may not by his acceptance of the said lease be barred, stoppe I, let, or 
interrupted, of the full and free enjoyment of the rents, issues, and profits, of such proportion or parts of the said join- 
ttire, as he hath right and title unto by the above -mentioned will and deeds of the said James Hamilton, deceased, and 
to prevent and avoid any misconceptions or prejudice, that the said William or his estate or title is or may be liable 
unto by virtue of the said lease, and for and in consideration of the sum of five shillings sterling, to them the said Rose, 
and Anne, before the delivery of these presents, by the said WiUiam satisfied and paid, and for divers other causes and 
considerations them thereunto moving, have renounced, released, remised, aud for ever quit claimed, and confirmed, and 
by these presents for them, and their heirs, do remise, release, qidt claim, and confirm, unto the said William, and his 
heirs and assigns for ever, one full foui'th part of the proportion or fifth part of the said jointure, which the said James 
Hamilton, deceased, had right tmto by the said will of the said Earl James, and also one fourth part of such proportion 
of the several abovementioned rents, as by equal and just computation is by said lease made payable to Rose and Anne, 
(that is to say) two shillings and sixpence of the said yearly rent oi thirty shillings, and one hundred and sixteen pounds 
thirteen shillings aud four pence per annum of the abovementioned yearly rent of one thousand four hundi-ed pounds, 
and likewise all the estate, right, title, claim, and demand whatsoever of them the said Rose aud Anne, of, in, and to 
the said fourth part of the said James Hamilton, decea-ed, his proportion of the said jointure ; provided always, and 
it is hereby declared to be the true intent and meiining of the parlies to these presents, that no part of the said several 
rents is hereby released or intended to be released except only the said several yearly sums of two shillings and sixpence, 
and one hundred and sixteen pounds thirteen shUliugs and fourpence ; and, notwithstanding these presents it is and shall 
be lawful for the said Rose and Anne, their heirs and assigns, to take, receive, and enjoy the residue of such proportion 
of the said rent, as by the said lease is made payable to them, over and above the said yearly sums of two shillings and 
sixpence, and one hundred and sixteen pounds thirteen shillings and four pence, and to use aU legal means for receiving 
of the said residue reserved to them by the said lease. 

In Witness whereof, the parties to these presents have hereunto interchangeably set their hands and seals. 
Signed, sealed, and delivered, in the presence of \ Rose Hamilton. [seal.] 

■WILLIAM FAIKLIE, \ . -^ r„„ . ^ T 

' ) Anns Hamilton. [seal.J 

david kobison. ' 




Op the fiest pakt of the Sttit befobe Chancellor Portee, and why it passed nr 

Chancellor Fitton's time. 

Whilst all assays and endeavors for peaceable determining of the differences betwixt the two 
and the three proved ineffectual, and now the three can have nothing but what they can evince at 
law, the three give in the bill to the Chancellor for proving the will, and that according thereunto 
they may have, each of them, the fifth part of the estate whereof Earl James Clanbrassill died 
seized, settled upon them severally and respectively. Sir Robert, and James of Newcastle, put in their 
answers upon oath severally, and Sir Robert first answers for Sir Hans's grand-child as his 
guardian, that the whole estate belonging to him and James of Newcastle, by virtue of a purchase 
made thereof from Henry Moore, now Earl of Drogheda jointly; then for himself, that the estates 
belonged to himself, and James of Newcastle, by virtue of a purchase made thereof, from William 
Moore, brother to the now Earl of Drogheda, but that Sir Hans, and James of Newcastle had agreed 
with the three upon certain articles, for performance whereof they were always willing ; that as to 
the will made by Earl James they knew nothing of it, nor were concerned in it. James of Newcastle, 
answers upon oath that Sir Hans and he had purchased a title from Henry Moore, now Earl 
of Drogheda ; that the whole estate belonged to himself, and Hans Hamilton, grand-child to Sir 
Hans Hamilton, which he believed was a good title; and tho' formerly he believed, and had sworn, 
that Earl James's will was good and duly perfected, and conveyed a firm title to the five of the 
whole estate, yet now he believed it was not so ; pleaded also that Sir Hans and he had made articles 
with the three, who had witnesses, and gave in proofs for their title, but the two produced no 
witnesses. Upon hearin g, the Chancellor say'd, whereas, the two as well as the three had sworn 
in their answers to Countess Alice Clanbrassill, and Henry Earl of Drogheda, their bill, that the 
will must be received as good, to them all, but, whereas, their answers proposed new matter, viz., 
of artick'S whereof the other had nothing in their bill, he directed their bill should be renewed, and 
the whole matter of difference should be set forth in their bill, and then he would judge of all, the 
other party saying also for themselves what they could ; the which (as they on both sides) were 
making ready to do, the Chancellor Porter was laid aside from his office,* and ere he had left the 

a Sir Charles Porter, Knight, who was appointed Lord put in commission on the 1st of August, 1690 , and Sir 

Chancellor of Ireland on the 16th of April, 1686, was re- Charles Porter was re-appointed to the office, on the 29th 

moved, and Sir Alexander Fitton, Knight, appointed in his of December, 1690, and continued to hold it till his death 

place on the 12th of February, 1687; but the Great Seal was in 1696. 


city and kingdom, it was moved to him by the three, that he would be pleased to determine the 
matter, by way of reference, to which all might agree, and settle accordingly. He consented to under- 
take it; but, the two declined this, having a better prospect in his successor, Sir Thomas Fitton, he 
being of near kindred to Sir Hans his grand-child, and to James of Newcastle, by their mother, a 
professed papist, and besides of no great esteem for skill in law, and far less for justice and honor. 
During his time, all that the three could do was to get (if possible) James of Newcastle, and Sir 
Eobert to answer interrogatories about some knfiwn transactions, give account of freehold and other 
deeds, but it was to no purpose, to expect they should swear to their prejudice; for whatever was of 
moment, the one knew nothing, and the other remembered nothing of it. In this time it fell out 
that James of Newcastle * in suit of a lady who was kinswoman to the Countess Ann 

Clanbrassill, which came to visit her before she should be married, and discoursing with her earnestly 
about it, dissuaded her from it, and by this argument, that he had been very deceitful and injurious 
to his cousins, and that Grod would not bless what he had acquired by such unjust ways, and to 
that effect; nevertheless, she was prevailed with to marry him,^ but this advice and reason struck 
heavy upon her; to pacify her on this account, there are new motions proposed for an agreement, 
and friends are called together, wherein Sir Robert Hamilton impowers James of Tullymore,'^ and 
James of Newcastle, to determine finally all those differences, and that he would rest satisfied with what 
they do, or the persons they should agree to as arbitrators, and this under hand and seal. It is also 
essayed to find out fit persons on both sides, and five persons are nominated on each side, of which 
two on either side shall have power to determine all, and the adverse party to take out thi-ee. "With 
all, it is proposed that James of Newcastle shall acquaint Sir Hobert herewith, not of necessity but 
of good manners, and that they will acquaint the three, and other friends when they shall get Sir 
Eobert's answer ; the Lady is convinced of her husband's justice ; but they had never the manners 
to acquaint the three with Sir Robert's answer, or promote what was seemingly agreed on, that 
not being their design. But now the tumults and stirs'^ in the country are so hot, that all people's 

y James Hamilton, of Newcastle, and afterwards styled the period which the Editor of these MSS. has met with, 

of Bangor, married the Honorable Sophia Mordauut, third that he extracts the entire passage relating to them. Dr. 

daughter of John, Viscount Mordaunt, by whom he left Eeid after relating some of the more remarkable incident* 

two daughters, Mrs. Ward, of Bangor, and Lady Ikerron, of the siege of Derry, which was then going on, proceeds 

his co-heiresses, his only son James having died a minor. thus :— '"In the nu-mtime, the Protestants of Down made a 

—Mrs. Eeilly's Memoirs, p. 90. See a copy of the inscrip- vigorous attempt to preserve their properties from being 

tion on their monument in Bangor church, at p. 43, ante. plundered by the Romanist soldiery. The protections which 

_, • /. , ■ i ~ many of them had received from Tyrcouuel and General 

See memoir of him at p. 63, ante. Hamilton were disregarded by the military ; especiaUy by 

^ The " tumults and stirs" here referred to are so gra- the regiment of Magennis, of Iveagh, whose companies com- 

phically described in Reid's History of the Presbyterian posedof rude and half-civilized natives from the mountains 

Church in Ireland^ which is also the best civil history of of Moume, were stationed in the several towns. Their an- 


minds are other way employed, and Sir Eobert, and James of T^ewcastle, enjoy the estate peaceably 
and are confident the three cousins -will never shake them out of it, tho' still it is uneasy to 

authorized and oppressive exactions were, for a time, borne 
in silence ; the people having few arms, and beinc; destitute 
of a leader. But hearing that Captain Henry Hunter had 
escaped from Antrim, where he had been coufined for 
nearly three weeks, and had reached Donaghadec with the 
view of passing over into Scotland, they had recourse to this 
experienced officer for counsel and assistance. He imme- 
diately abandoned his design of leaving the kingdom, 
placad himself at the head of the Protestants who had arms, 
and marched towards Newtownards, which the company of 
Capt (in Con Magennis were just preparing to plunder. On 
the fifteenth of April he attacked this party at a place called 
Kinningboume, about tvo miles from the town ; and hav- 
ing made prisoners of the greater number, he drove them 
out of that district. On the same day he dispersed a second 
party of this obnoxious regiment, stationed at Comber, and 
rescued that town also from their exactions. Thence, with 
an increased number of adherents, he proceeded to the 
Ards, where another large detachment from the same 
regiment, having crossed over at Strangford, from their 
head-quarters at Downpatrick, were engaged in plundering 
the unprotected Protestants of that barony. These he like- 
wise defeated ; and compelled them to retreat across the 
ferry, in such haste, that they left behind them in Porta- 
ferry all their plunder, together with several vessels 
laden with grain, which they had seized not long before. 
So soon as intelligence of these proceedings reached 
Carrickfei-gu'«, Lieutenant-Colonel Mark Talbot, the Gover- 
nor, at the head of a small body of a hundred musketeers, 
inarched towards Newtownards; but hearing of the dis- 
persion of the detachment in the Ards, and the increasing 
number of the Protestants who had risen in arms, he 
hastily retreated to his quarters. From Portaferry. Hunter 
returned to Comber, where he received repeated messages 
from Sir Robert Maxwell, then residing in the castle of 
Kiilileash, urging him to assist in expelling Captain 
Savage's company, who had been recently quartered 
upon the inhabitants of that towQ, and had threatened to 
take possession of the castle. Hunter accordingly marched 
during the night to Killileagh, and entered it at daybreak ; 
and, having surprised and disarmed the entire company, 
he sent the captain and lieutenant prisoners to Portaferry 
to be shipped to England or the Isle of Man. Magennis, 
irritated at these repeated discomfitures, and especially at 
the disgraceful capture of his company under Savage, pro- 
ceeded with a considerable force from Downpatrick towards 
Killileagh, with the view of rescuing his officers and men, an d 
checkingthe further progress of Hunter. But the latter was 
on the alert, and boldly advanced against him. Both 

parties met at the Quoile Bridge, and after a smart skir- 
mish, Magennis was compelled to abandon Downpatrick, 
and retreat over the strand to Dundrum, leaving the Protes- 
tants in possession of that district. Hunter secured a small 
piece of ordnance, which he placed in Killileagh Castle, and 
proceeded to Downpatrick, where he liberated all persons 
confined for political offences. Among the pi-isoners re- 
leased from the gaol of Downpatrick, Hunter mentions in 
particular ' a very aged clergyman, called Mr. Maxwell, of 
Phenybrogue.' By these unexpected successes the people 
of Down experienced a seasonable relief from the exactions 
of the soldiei'y; the embargo which had been laid on vessels 
in the sea-port towns of that county was removed, and many 
persons from the remote parts of the province effected their 
escape into the sister kiagdoms ; the garrison in Derry were 
encouraged by the intelligence of these proceedings ; and 
greater lenieacy and moderation were thenceforth observed 
by the Romanist authorities in other places, lest a similar 
spirit of revolt should be excited. But this triumph of the 
Protestants was of a short duration. On the twenty-third 
of April, a few days after their encounter with Magennis, 
King James arrived at Newry, on his return to Dublin from 
the camp before Derry. Alarmed at the progress of these 
insurrectionary movements, he despatched Major-General 
Buchan with orders to collect a sufficient force from the 
garrisons at Carrickfergus, Lisburn, and Antrim, and 
reduce the people of Down to due subjection to his 
authority. Buchan accordingly placed himself at the 
head of -three troops of horse ; and on the thirtieth of 
April, marched from Lisburn towards Killileagh. He was 
followed by the greater part of Tyrconnel's, Antrim's and 
Cormack O'Neill's regiments of foot, under the command 
of Lieutenant-Colonel Mark Talbot, who overtook the 
General about five o'clock the same evening. Hunter, ap- 
prized of their approach, but not expecting an attack, had 
collected his followers to the number of two thousand, and 
had taken up a position between Comber [Lisburn] and 
Killileagh. Buchan, however, lost no time. On the arrival 
of the infantry, he immediately attacked the Protestants, 
and speedily routed these undisciplined volunteers ; three 
hundred were slain in this ' break of Killileagh,' as it was 
called. Hunter himself was ridden down by the dragoons; 
but recovering his horse, and finding himself surrounded, 
he accepted quarter, and delivered up his arms. Being 
near a deer-park, however, he seized an opportunity to es- 
cape, and springing over the wall, fled to the castle of Kil- 
lileagh, in which he had previously placed a garrison of 
fifty men. But finding that these had fled, he withdrew 
to the coast, and succeeded in reaching the Isle of Man in 


them to hear how everybody of sense and honesty cry against their treacherous dealin'' -with the 
cousins, being intrusted by them, and conducting the business at their charge, and with protestations 
of honesty/ 

safety. General Buchan, witli the horse proceeded to 
Newtownards, Donaghadee, and Portaferry, driving before 
him the flying Protestants who had been in arms ; and 
having left a strong force under Brigadier-General Max- 
well, to preserve tranquility throughout that extensive dis- 
trict, he returned to Carrickfergus, and placed his troops in 
theirformerquarters.— '2.iJe2£f,pp. 460to463; and see "Case 
of Captain Henry Hunter," &c. In " Leslie's answer to 
King," page 155, et seq., he relates these events with a 
strong bias against both Hunter and the Protestants. He 
represents Sir Robert Maxwell as sending one John Stuart, 
an apothecary in Downpatrick, to invite Captain Savage and 
his company to take up their quarters in Killileagh, to pro- 
tect the town against Hunter and his rabble, as he calls the 
Protestants ; and then, as despatching one Gawn Irvine 
twice to Hunter, urging him to attack Savage, who was be- 
trayed as he alleges by Sir Robert. He palliates the 
severities of the Romanists, and greatly underrates the losses 
of the Protestants; but, at the same time, he deems it of im- 
portance to inform us, "that part of Colonel Mark Talbot's 
wig (was shot oflf his head by a bullet from the Castle of 
Killileagh, while pursuing the enemy." The account given 
by Hunter in his " Case " is corroborated by the brief nar- 
rative of these proceedings which is given in the " True and 
impartial Account" above quoted by Dr. Reid. The anony- 
mous author of this important pamphlet adds, that after 
the break of Killileagh, " Lord Duleek's horse chased the 
Protestants into the sea at Donaghadee ; but one Captain 
Agnew, riding at anchor, took sixty-eight on board, and 
conveyed them gratis to Scotland." Archbishop King 
states, that Buchan massacred five or six hundred in cold 
blood, for several days together, after this engagement ; 
but Hunter, in his petition, is silent altogether as to this ; 
and Leslie writes, that after the castle was taken, orders 
■were issued granting quarter and prohibiting plunder ; and 
that the general, in the exasperated state of his soldiers, 
after a march of sixteen miles, and the evening's engage- 
ment, without having partaken of any refreshment, fearing 
they might injure the inhabitants or their property, en- 
camped them on a hill adjacent to the town. From this 
they were marched, early the next morning, to Newtown- 
ards, bringing with them the captured prisoners, who were 
there released, on taking an oath not to bear arms again, 
in opposition to King James. He states, that " Major Cal- 
laghan shot one of his men for putting his hand to a Pro- 
testant, after order given that they should neither be 
killed nor plundered." Buchan sent home the foot from 


Newtown ; then advanced to Portaferry with some horse, 
where, having taken one Thomas Hunter prisoner, and 
settled that district of the Ards, he immediately returned 
to his quarters. In the townland of TuUy mack news, in 
Killyleagh parish, a stone has been erected to the memory 
of two persons, named CuflFey, followers of Hunter, which 
bears the following rude inscription : — 





YE 30th 1688 IN DEFENCE 



Mr. J. W. Hanna, in his '• Gossijpings about the Parish of 
Inch," correctly states that the artist, in engraving the date, 
made a mistake in cutting 1688 on the stone, for 1689 ; but 
he is incorrect in stating that this stone was erected on 
the spot where the " Break of KUUleagh " occurred, as it 
was fought at a distance of nearly a mile from it, and on 
the old road from Lisburn to Killyleagh, by Ballynahinch, 
at the point where the wall of Lord Claneboye's deer-park 
(which is marked on the Claneboye map of 1625-6, but 
has long since disappeared) joined it, near the foot of 
Quoilly Hill, and nearly opposite the present residence of 
Mr. Adam Kenning, whose farm is still called the " Back 
Park." Mr. Hanna also mentions a fact, which the Editor 
of these MSS. has not elsewhere met with, viz., that Sir 
Robert Maxwell had, by Lady ClanbrassU, a son called 
George, who, during the siege of Derry, served as Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of Sir Clotworthy Skeflangton's regiment, 
in consequence of which, he and his father were both at- 
tainted by King James's Parliament. 

« The MS. here breaks off abruptly, before the litigation 
between the representatives of the five uncles of James 
Earl of ClanbrassU was brought to a conclusion, or any of 
his estates had been divided among them ; but Mr. William 
Hamilton, who, upon the internal evidence contained in 
these MSS., must have been the author of them, and who re- 
presented the interests of all the parties in the suit deriving 
under James of Neilsbrook, has left with the MSS. a mass 
of letters written to him during the progress of it by Colonel 
Hans Stevenson, the husband of his niece, Anne Hamilton, 
who eventually (by the death of her eldest sister Rose, the 
wife of Captain William Fairlie, without issue, and of her 
youngest sister Rachel, who died a minor and unmarried,) 
became the sole heiress and representative of James of 


Neilsbrook, who was the eldest surviving son of Archibald 
of Halcraig, the second brother of James, first Viscount of 
Clanetoye, and the eldest of James Earl of Clanhrassil's 
uncles. This correspondence the Editor had at first in- 
tended printing, as a supplement to the MSS. ; but, on 
further consideration, he does not think it would be of suffi- 
cient general interest to justify his doing so, especially as 
it does not supply the required information, though it ex- 
tends over a period of ten years — from 1695 to 1705. During 
its progress, a partition of the jointure lands of Ann Countess 
of Clanbrassil was made between the representatives of the 
five uncles, in October, 1696, but the litigation between 
them as to the division of the remaining lands was still 
going on at its close ; and the following notice, which is 
appended to it, appears to have been given in despair of its 
being brought to any successful issue : — 

"We, the undernamed subscribers, having a due regard 
as well for the safety of such persons as have, as of those 
who intend to purchase any part of the lands whereof either 
the late, or present. Sir Hans Hamilton were or are pos- 
sessed of, in the County of Down, as well as for the preser- 
vation of our own rights and title thereto as heirs-atlaw to 
the Right Honble. James Lord Claneboy, James Earl of 
Clanbrasill, his son, Henry Earl of Clanbrasil, his grand- 
son, or as having a right by the settlement of the said James 
Lord Visct. Claneboy of his whole estate, and by the last 
will and testament of the said James Earl of Clanbrasill, or 
otherwise. That we intend by virtue of such our title to call 
such sales into question for all years and terms bygone and 
to come, of which all persons concerned are to take notice. 
"WiLLM. Hamilton. 
"Hans Stevenson. 

" Dated this 11th day of September, 1702." 

It is not, at this distance of time, easy, perhaps not pos- 
sible, to ascertain the exact result of this lengthened litiga- 
tion ; but it appears, that Colonel Hans and Mrs. Stevenson 
(on behalf of themselves, and of Gawin and William Ha- 
milton), obtained a decree in the Court of Chancery in 
Ireland against the grandson of Sir Hans Hamilton, James 
Hamilton of Bangor, and James Hamilton of TuUymore, 
declaring them to be trustees for them of one-fifth of the 
estates, which they had purchased from the representatives 
of Countess Alice. From this decree, however, an appeal 
was brought to the House of Lords in England ; and, in 
the Appendix to this chapter will be given a copy of the 
case of the respondents, Hans and Ann Stevenson, printed 
for the use of the Lords on the hearing of that appeal, which 
has been found in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. It further 
appears, by ajoint case, stated about the year 1752, on behalf 
of James Stevenson and Gawin Hamilton, Esqrs., the then 
owners of the Killileagh Proportion, that this decree was, 
on the hearing of the appeal, in the year 1701, confirmed 
in part, and in part reversed ; but that no proceedings had 
been taken thereon for many years past, by reason of 
minority, coverture, and otherwise ; and, ia a letter from 
Mr. Stevenson to Mr. Hamilton, dated 2nd December, 1752, 
which has been also found among the papers, he states, 

that, although it was the opinion of his counsel that the 

suit was a good one at the time, yet it had since branched out 
into so many different properties, that it would take his life- 
time to brmg all the parties into Court again ; and that, 
although he believed they were not then barred by time in 
the suit, if ever it was carried on again, it must be by a 
man of great application to business, knowledge, and talents 
that never offered themselves to him, and backed with a 
good fund." These considerations probably decided them 
against resuming the prosecution of the suit, which has 
never since been revived. In a note to the thiid volume of 
Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, under the title of " Hamilton, 
Viscount Limerick," the following statement is given of the 
parties entitled under Earl James's will, and the mode in 
which his estates were partitioned ; but it will be seen that 
Lodge does not allude to the fact that the lands so divided 
were only the jointure lands of his widow, and not the 
whole of his estates, which had been, however, greatly re. 
duced by the sales made of a very considerable part of them 
by Earl Henry among his tenants and others, in conse- 
quence of the Countess Alice's extravagance, as stated at 
p. 88, ante : — 

" The representatives of his five uncles were James 
Hamilton, of Neilsbrook, in the County of Antrim, Esq. ; 
Sir Hans Hamilton, Bart.; James Hamilton, of Bangor, 
Esq. ; the Rev. Archibald Hamilton, of Armagh ; and 
Patrick Hamilton, of Granshaw, Esq. James of Neils- 
brook left three daughters. Rose, Anne, and Rachel ; the 
eldest of whom [Rose, who married Captain William 
Fairlie] dying without issue, and the youngest of whom 
[Rachel] dying unmarried, Anne became heir to half of 
his estate, and married with Hans Stevenson, Esq., her 
father by wUl leaving the other half to his brothers, Gawin 
and William. Sir Hans Hamilton left an only child, 
Sarah, mother to Sir Hans [the younger], who became 
entitled to his grandfather's share. Archibald conveyed 
his share to [James Hamilton, of Tollimore] the Lord 
Limerick's father. Patrick, in 1693, sold his proportion 
to Sir Robert ColvUle, who soon after disposed of it to 
Lord Limerick's father. So that, the estate being thus 
divided into several hands, signestrators were appointed, 
by order of the Court of Chancery, to receive the rents, 
and pay each their proportion, until the 1st of October, 
1696, when Sir Hans, James of Bangor, James of TuUi- 
more, Hans Stevenson and wife, Gawin and William, 
brothers to Ja.mes of Neilsbrook, agreed to come to a divi- 
sion, and, in pursuance thereof, made up five lots, each 
consisting of lands, then set or valued at f 300 a-year, and 
known by the Proportions of Killileagh, Tollychin, Ring- 
haddy, Tonaghneive, and Lisowine, which upon casting lots 
thus fell : — Killileagh to Mr. Stevenson and wife, and to 
Gawin and William Hamilton, as co-heirs of James of 
Neilsbrook ; Tollychin and Kinghaddy to James of Tulli- 
more, Lord Limerick's father ; Tonaghneive to James of 
Bangor ; and Lisowine to Sir Hans ; by the Articles of 
which partition, it was also covenanted that each pai-ty 
should hold his respective share as a manor distinct by 
itself."— 3. Lodge's Peerage, 260. 

A copy of these Articles of Partition, together with the 
Articles for the subdivision of the Killileagh Proportion 
into the Castle and Gate-house Proportions, will be found 
in the Appendix to this Chapter. 



[Copy of Agreement for Partition of the Jointure Lands between the Representatives of the Fivo 
Uncles of James, Earl of Clanbrassil, referred to at p. 146, ante.} 

It is agreed, the 1st day of October, 1696, between James Hamilton, of Bangor, Esq., for and on behalf of Hans 
Hamilton, Esq., grandson and heir of Sir Hans Handlton, deceased, and as guardian to the said Hans Hamilton, now 
a minor, of the one part ; the said James Hamilton, of Bangor, for and on behalf of himself, of the second part ; 
"William Hamilton, of Killileagh, Gawin Hamilton, of Liswine, and Hans Stevenson, of Ballygrot, Esqrs., on behalf 
of themselves, and of Ann Stevenson, wife of the said Hans Stevenson, and heir of James Hamilton, late of Neils- 
brook, Esq., deceased, of the third part ; and James Hamilton, of Tullymore, Esq., assignee of Patrick Hamilton, of 
Granshaw, Gent., and of Archibald Hamilton, heretofore of Armagh, but now of Ballow, Clerk, of the fom-th part, for 
and concerning a partition of certain lands, tenements, and hereditaments, which were heretofore part of the estate of 
James, late Earl of Clanbrasil, deceased, and hereinafter particularly mentioned and expressed. 

Imprimis— It is agreed that the five following Proportions, as hereafter set down, are equal, and that each person 
or persons who shall have any of the following shares, shall for each share contribute yearly Six Pounds sterling towards 
payment of a chief rent of Thirty Pounds, payable yearly to Mr. Hill out of part of the following lands, and shall 
likewise pay one-fifth of all the debts to which the following lands are now liable, being debts of James, Earl of Clan- 
brasil aforesaid, and hereinafter expressed ; and also a fifth part of such charge or purchase-money as shall be neces- 
sary either in evicting or compounding for the pretended Leases in reversion of any part of the estate to be divided :— 

Killileagh Proportion. Yearly Value. 

Castle and Demesnes . 

Com Mill 

Maymore and Corduff . 

Island Taggert 



Killileagh Town and 
lands (except four acres 
posbessed by James 
Bailie, Esq., and one 
house possessed by Jas 
Sloane, Esq., and one 
house possessed by Mrs. 
Ferguson, together 
with Castle William), 
except Seven Pounds 
per annum subject to the 




Killileagh Proportion. 

King's Eent of 16s per 
annum, which the ter- 
ritory of Duiferin pays 
the Crown, and the 
rest of the Duiferin to 
be discharged thereof. . 


Yearly Value, 

100 5 

£300 5 

Tollichin Proportion. 




Yearly Value, 




Tollichin Proportion. 




Half Ballywollen 
Richardson) . . 

Tollyvery (Fairlie) 





Tuckmill, and lands to it 

Ballygoskin (part Camp- 
bell, Wilson, & Wiley) 


BaUybregagh , . 

Out of Castlewilliam . . 


Yearly Value. 















Ringhaddy Proportion. 



Mill thereof . . 

KiUinchy in plain 

Camcknisky . . 


Ballymoran and KiUina- 

kiii .. •• 
Carrowreagh . . 
Island Bawn, Tolljnnore, 

and Ealphgormont . . 
Ballymacarran . . . . 
Tythe of Criviloghgare 


Yearly Value. 



Tonaghaive Proportion. 





The Mill 


Ballyaghargie . . 


Ballymacashen . . 


Half Lis wine (JohnMax^ 
■well), with a moiety of 
the Rectorial Tithes of 
lands in Tonaghnive 


Yearly Value. I Liswine Proportion. 



To have thirteen acres 
of moss in Tolly veery, ten 
acres of moss in Mullagh, 
twenty acres in Cluntagh, 
and ten acres in Bally- 
woollen, next adjacent to 
Killileagh, and as the pro- 
prietors of the said deno- 
minations shaU set apart. 

Mill thereof , , 
Crivycamonan , . 
Cluntinaglare . . 
Liswine (Gawin Hamil- 
ton's half) . . . . 
Legagown . . . . 
Half BaUywooUen 


Yearly Value. 




Debts with wHcIl the above Lands are charged, being the Tive Proportions :— 






John Savage, Esq. . . 


Mrs. Richardson . . . . . . • • • • 

John Eohinson's Executors 
Fairly of Ballydian 

Whereas the inhabitants of the lands of Killinure, Lisdownan, Lessens, and part of Tonaghnive proportion are to 
grind their com at the Mill of Ballyknockan, therefore, and to make up for want of a dwelling in that proportion, 
one moyety of the Rectorial Tythes of the following lands in Tonaghnive proportion is to belong to that proportion, 
■viz., the moyety of the Rectorial Tythes of the said lands of Killinure, Lisdownan, Lessens, and Tollyglowrie, Carrickna- 
cessanagh, Glasdrumon, the Carsons, DrummaconneU, Ballyaghargie, Lisdalgan, Liswine, and Legagown ; and the other 
moyety of the tithes of the aforesaid lands to be settled on Gawin Hamilton, Esq., party to these presents, and his 
heirs, he surrendering his leases of and in any and all lands now to be divided, and his improvements made thereon. 

That the wood now growing on the townland of Killinchy be valued, and the person to whom the land shall fall to 
pay each other proportion one-fifth of the value thereof. 

That twenty-five pounds be equally paid by all the proportions, and therewith a good corn mill built on such ground 
as shall be allotted for the same, near the present com mill of Killileagh, for ToUychin proportion; and that the place thereof, 
together with a shelling hill, and ground for miller's house and garden, be immediately set off. 

That the tuck-mill near Killileagh, which belongs to Tollychin proportion, with the land thereto, be bounded. 

That satisfaction be made to Hans Hamilton, Esq., for £45, or thereabouts, disbursed in the year '83, or there- 
abouts, for repair of Ringhaddy. 

That all the parties to this agreement appoint a Seneschal for the Manors within the lands to be divided, but that 
each proprietor be at liberty to erect his own proportion into a Manor. 


In order to settle the articles relating to evicting or compounding for leases in reversion, it is agreed that thi' 
numbers of years unexpired of each of those leases be ascertained from Alsaints, 1696, with the yearly profit or 
benefit of such lease over and above the rent payable out of the leased lands, and a reasonable value in money be put 
on each of such leases ; and that the proprietor of each proportion secure to the person within whose share such leased 
lands shall lie, one-fifth of such value, in case the said lease is not evicted, and the interest thereof uutil evicted at £8 
per cent., and the principal if the lease cannot be evicted. 

That endeavours be used to have, at the common expense of all the said parties, an Act of Parliament confirming the 
partition tliat shall be made, and that the management thereof, together with that of settling the debts chargeable on 
the said estate, and evicting or compounding for the leases iu reversion, be put into a proper method, and that, till an 
Act of Parliament can be obtained, a Decree of Chancery be had at the common expense. 

That freehold rents be likewise divided, and that the said William Hamilton, Gawin Hamilton, and Hans Steven- * 
son, have their fifth proportion of them ; and that the said James Hamilton, of Bangor, and Hans Hamilton do, out of 
the lands which shall be in the proportions of each of them, secure to the said James Hamilton, of ToUymore, a full re- 
compense in lespect to value, worth, and purchase of his the said James Hamilton of Tollymore's proportion of the 
said freehold rents, and other rights derived to the said James Hamilton in behalf of Ai-chibald Hamilton and Patrick 
Hamilton, and WiUiam Hogg, or either of them ; and the proportion or share of the said James Hamilton, of Tully- 
more, in the lauds of Oghlie, Mr. Bailie's sixty acres in Tullyveery, and fom- acres near the town of Killileagh, and the 
lands of Lisnagh, Mrs. Ferguson's house, and Mr. Sloan's house in Killileagh aforesaid. 

And it is the mutual agreement of aU the said parties to discount with each other for the by-past rents of all tlic lands 
and freehold rents aforesaid, and fee-farm rents belonging to the said parties. 

Sealed and deliv(ired by the above-named Hans\ Hans Hamilton. 

Stevenson, James Hamilton of Bangor, James Hans Stevenson. 

Hamilton of Tullymore, and Hans Hamilton, in |- James Hamilton. 

the presence of Jos. ceofton. James Hamilton. 


I, Sir Eobert Hamilton, of Mount Hamilton, in the County of Armagh, Kut. and Bart., father and heretofore guar- 
dian of the within-named Hans Hamilton, do hereby approve of and consent unto the within agreement, as witness 

my hand and seal, this 16th day of October, 1696. 

Robert Hamilton. 

Signed, sealed, and delivered in presence of 


MEMORANDtrM.— Whereas mention is made in the within articles, that a value be put on leases in reversion : It is not 
thereby intended that such leases in reversion as did belong to Gavdn Hamilton, Esq., within mentioned, shaU be 
valued, provision being made for the said Gawin's pretensions on that account, and he being to surrender all such 

Egbert Hamilton. 
Sealed and delivered in the presence of ^ 

JA. EEH). J 

I, tbe within named Hans Hamilton, being now of the full age of twenty-one years, for me, my heirs and assigns, 
do approve of, ratify, and confirm the within agreement, made for and in my behalf by the within named James Hamil- 
ton, of Bangor, Esq., tben my guardian, and do, for me, my heirs and assigns, covenant and agree with the withm 
named Gawin Hamilton, William Hamilton, and Hans Stevenson of KHUleagh, Esqrs., to fulfil and perform to them, 
tbeir heirs and assigns respectively, all and singular the within agreements as fully, to all intents and purposes, as if I 



bad been at full age when I signed, sealed, and delivered the within agreement, and as if I had been made directly 
a party thereunto. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal, this 22d day of February, 1697. 
"Witness present, ^ HANa Hamiltok. 


Copy Endorsement on the foregoing Deed. 
Hans Stevenson and Ann his wife, 

Sir Robt. Hamilton, Knt. and Bart., Hans Hamil- 
ton, Esq., James Hamilton of Bangor, Esq., and 
James Hamilton of TuUymore, Esq., 

This writing was produced unto James Reid, Gent., on his 
I examination in this cause, on the plaintiff's behalf, by me, 

Nath : Boyse, Dep. Examiner. 

[Copy of Agreement, dated 6tli September, 1697, between Gawen and William Hamilton, and Hans 
and Ann Stevenson, for the division of Killyleagh Proportion into the Castle and Gate-House 
Proportions, referred to at page 146, ante.'] 

Imprimis — That the Castle be a dwelling-house to one of the said halfs, and the Gate-House, turrets, and stables, a 
dweUing-house for the other of said halfs, and that the inner court of all belong to the Castle, and the outer court to 
the Gate-House, and that the entry to the Castle shall be in some part of the inner court from the highway leading 
from the new work to the town, and the entry to the Gate- House to be as it now is.* 

2. — That the Castle shaU have for an outer court so much ground next to that side of the inner court wall where the 
entry is to be, as lyeth betwixt the said wall and a stone which is appointed to be the mark betwixt the highway and 
the said outer court. And tbe Castle is to have a way to the town alongst the side of the Gate-House court waU, and 
through the turret upon that side on which the Castle is to have its entry.^ And the Gate-House is to have for an outer 

» On lots being drawn, the Gate-House Proportion fell 
to Colonel and Mrs. Stevenson, and the Castle Proportion 
to Mrs. Stevenson's uncles, William and Gawen Hamilton ; 
:iud the Gate-House and Castle vfere respectively occupied 
by them and their descendants, in accordance with the 
provisions of the above articles, for nearly two hundred 
years, the division of the two properties extending down 
the middle of a gravel- walk in the garden. In 1859, how- 
ever, the present Lord Dufferin and Clandeboye com- 
menced to rebuild the Gate-House, with the intention of 
presenting it to his cousin, Archibald Hamilton, to whom 
the Castle Proportion had in the meantime descended. 
Unhappily, Mr. Hamilton's premature death prevented the 
accomplishment of this purpose; but, on the 23rd of Oct., 
1862, being the- day of Lord Dufferin's marriage with his 
late friend's daughter, the last stone of the new building 
was laid, and the keys of the gateway presented by bis 
lordship to Mr. Gawen Hamilton, Mr. Archibald Hamil- 
ton's eldest son. As a condition attached to the above 
gift, the owner of the Castle of Killileagh for the time 
being, is bound to send a red rose yearly to the Lady of 

Clandeboye, or in the event of there beingno Lady at Clande- 
boye, a pair of gilt spurs to the Lord Duflferin of the day. 
b This provision in the second article appears to have 
been never fully carried into execution until the year 1811, 
although it had, with other matters mentioned in the 
Articles of Partition, been the subject of controversy be- 
tween the then occupiers of the Castle and Gate-House so 
long before as 17.S9, as will be seen by the following extract 
from a charge of Archibald Hamilton, Esq., against James 
Stevenson, Esq. : — " Mr. Hamilton, by said division, being 
entitled to a gate or passage through the Turret or Gate- 
House to and from the Castle and town, Mr. Stevenson has 
hindered him from such gate or passage; and, therefore, Mr. 
Hamilton charges 15s. per annum since the year 1696, 
being forty-three years, for his damage, — £32 5s ; and, as to 
this gate, further claims to have the benefit of it from this 
time forth for ever, or that Mr. Stevenson may enter into 
a deed with Mr. Hamilton to pay him a yearly sum for such 
waiving of his right." In consequence of this claim, a 
Memorandum of Agreement appears to have been entered 
into between Messrs. Hamilton and Stevenson on the 28th 


court, so much of the ground lying before it as will make a square coirt, according as the party to whom it shall fall 
shall order it, but not going further out towards the town than the head of the way leading to the Meeting- House, nor 
further out towards the way that goes from the back street to the new work, than that side of the turret stairs which 
is next to the entry to the Gate-House. 

3. — That the Castle is to have laid into it that side of the new work that lies next to the quarry meadows, with the 
dog-bouse, and also that side of the new work that lies next to the water that comes from the quarry-meadow to 
the bridge. The Gate-House is to have laid into it all that side of the new work that lies next to the highway leading 
from the bridge to the town, except so much thereof as is beyond John Harry's house, and is betwi xt it and the said 
water running from the quarry-meadow to the bridge. That that part of the new work falling to the Gate- House shall 
have fourteen feet in breadth off that side of the new work court lying next to it, and that part of the new work fall- 
ing to the Castle shall have all the rest of the said court. That the Gate-House is to have belonging to it the byi-e 
standing over against the new work betwixt the meadow and the highway leading from the bridge to the town. And 
the Castle is to have belonging to it the barn and little house at the end of it, and the haggard, and also to have for an 
enclosure all the ground that shall lie betwixt the Castle courts, the mount gardens, and the quarry-meadow on the 
one side, and a strait line to be drawn from the corner of the outer court appointed for the Castle to that part of the 
new work court belonging to it which lies next to the Gate- House side of the new work. 

4. — That the north side belonging to the Gate-House is to have belonging to it the logh below the bridge of the town, 
and the ground lying on the shore from the lower end of said logh, to the lower end of the High Street, and the acre 
on the back of the churchyard, now possessed by Mr. Bruce, with the whole house possessed by Mr. Clewlow, and all 
rio'ht belonging to Killileagh Proportion of the house possessed by Mr. Bruce, and of the house possessed by Mrs. Boss, 
and the south side of that proportion belonging to the Castle is to have belonging to it that piece of ground not di- 
vided, formerly possessed by John Cochran, lying betwixt Carey-park, possessed by James Erwin, and the house and 
yai-ds possessed by John Lockhart, Hugh M'Cormick, John Ervvine, and John Read, aud Eobinson's clayholes, and 
that piece of ground not formerly divided, lying upon the shore beyond Pagan's forth, being about half-an-acre, for- 
merly possessed by George Alexander, and the ground upon the south side of High-street, betwixt the lowest yards 
on that side of the street and the shore ; and the wall going up the hill from the white gate at the back of the garden, 
to be a common walk, and the grass and trees to be equally divided, but the trees not to be cut ; and the pound and 
school-house to be common.'' 

of February, 1739, by which it was, amongst other things, of our good liking for learning, and for the encourage- 
agreed between the parties to it, " That the said Archibald ment of the same in this place, and particularly for en - 
Hamilton shall, at all times hereafter, have the absolute couraging the philosophical school now taught at Kilh- 
right and authority to take possession of the turret, on the leagh, by Mr. John M'AIpin, professor of philosophy ; and 
4th day of March nest, for the ends and uses mentioned in in consideration that he is, in the future, to keep and teach 
the Articles of Partition of Killileagh fifth of the joynture." the said school, at the town of Killileagh, do hereby oblige 
But on this agreement there is the following endorsement, ourselves to provide him and his family a convenient dwell- 
in the late Mr. Eowan's handwriting :— " In the year 1811, ing-house, rent free, and four soums grazmg, together with 
Lord Dufferin broke a passage through the turret, at the meadow for hay to winter the aforesaid soums ; as also our 
instance of Archibald Hamilton Rowan." The date above assistance for bringing home two hundred loads of turf, for 
this arch (1666) is, therefore, very far from the real one, firmgto his family yearlie; provided always, that he con- 
but has evidently arisen from an old stone with that date tinue his teaching philosophy m this place, upon the afore- 
upon it being used in its erection in 1811. said encouragement, it being performed unto him. 

« It will be seen, by the following document, that both the " In testimooy whereof, we hereto put our hands and 

Messrs. Hamilton and Captain Stevenson had, shortly seals, this 4th day of May, 1697. ^ 
previous to the execution of these Articles of Partition, ^. ^ , ^ ^ ^ ,. ^ ^ „ w ^'^^ w "^3',?!;:. 

made provision for the support of a philosophical school . "Signed, sealed, and dehvered ^ ;' William Hamilion. 

at . KiUileagh, which Dr. Eeid, at p. 65, of the third volume 
of his Presbyterian History, states, was established in order 

the presence of ["Hans Stevenson. 

James Bruce. 

to afford facilities for young men to prepare for the MinisU-y "Hans Stevenson." J 

in their native land :— jji- Reid (at p. 69, Vol. iii.) further states, that, in Sep- 

" We, Captain Gawen HamUton, William Hamilton, and tember, 1698, Bishop Walkington forwarded to the Govern- 

Captain Hans Stevenson, within the County of Down, out ment a petition containing several complamts against the. 


5.— That all the gardens and orchards upon the west or north-west side of the gravel walk, shall helong to the Castle 
and Castle Proportion, and all the gardens and orchards upon the south or south -cast side of the said gravel walk, with 
the ground Ijing betwixt that side of the garden, and the way to the Meeting- House, shall belong to the Gate-House and 
Gate-House Proportion, and so much ground to be added to it off that end of the bank lying next to Pomphrey's house, 
as wUl make that side of the garden laid to the Gate-House equal in measure with the other side of the garden laid to 
the Castle, after it is known by measiuing the garden how much the Gate-House side thereof is less than the other 

6. — That the Burgesses or Freemen to he hereafter elected or turned out, are to be so elected or tuined out by con- 
sent of each of the said parties ; and the equal half of the said Burgesses to be of the inhabitants dwelling within the 
proportion belonging to the Castle, and the other half of the Burgesses to be of the inhabitants dwelling on the propor- 
tion belonginjr to the Gate-House.** 

Prebbyterians of his diocese ; and. amongst others, that 
" they had set up at Killileagh a Philosophical School, in 
open violation and contempt of the laws;" and (at pp. 72, 
3, 4) that the Rev. John M'Bride, Minister of Belfast, hav- 
ing been summoned to Dublin before the Privy Council, 
and being questioned about the school at Killileagh, told 
them that no Divinity was taught there ; and, as to the 
Philosophical School thei-e, that it was no more than was 
done in the reign of Charles II, in whose time there were 
two such schools ; and he added that Mr. M'Alpine had a 
lif-ense for his school from Mr. M'Neill, Chancellor to the 
Diocese. Again, (at p. IIB,) Dr. Reid states "that the High 
Church party in the North had been long dissatisfied with the 
establishment and success of the Philosophy School at 
Killileagh, superintended by the Rev. Mr. MAlpine ; and 
that they longed to see it forcibly closed, in order to check, 
if not altogether prevent, further supplies of candidates for 
the Presbyterian ministry ; but that they were unable to 
effect their purpose by the ordinary course of law ; for Mr. 
M'Alpine had obtained a license from the Chancellor of 
the Diocese, and had duly taken all the oaths required of 
teachers; and that they now, therefore, had recourse to 
the House of Commons, whose temper at this crisis was so 
congenial with their own, and induced them to adopt the 
foUowuig resolution, which, though general, was intended 
to apply solely to this particular school: — '1st June, 1705. 
Resolved, that the erecting and continuing any seminary 
for the instractioD and education of youth in principles 
contrary to the Established Church and Government, tends 
to create and perpetuate misunderstanding among Protes- 
tants.'" And Dr. Reid adds, "that though the injury 
intended by this resolution did not reach the seminary of 
Killileagh, two other resolutions, passed at the same time 
against Presbyterian ministers, so inflamed the zeal of tlie 
High Churchmen of Belfast and its neighbourhood, that 
an informer was found to swear against Mr. M'Bride 
before an Episcopalian minister, who was a magistrate, and 
that a warrant having been taken out for his apprehension, 
he was compelled in the end of the year [1705] to retire 
to Scotland, where he was forced to remain above three 
yeBLis."—Iiei(rs Presbyterian Hist., Vol. iii, p. 114. 

The Editor has been unable to ascertain anything fur- 
ther respecting the Rev. Mr. M'Alpine, except" that, after 
teaching for about fourteen years, be became the Minister 
of Ballynahinch, and that the Philosophical School in Kil- 
lileagh was then closed {ex relatione The Jiev. Andrew 
Breakey) ; but he has Ibund among the Haaiilton Papers 

the following interesting letter from the Rev. Mr. 
M'Bride :— „ Driblin, September 7th, 1695. 

" Sir, — I was tillnowbig with expectation of seeing you 
here, but being disappointed, this will inform you that we 
very much need your assistance, for our aiFuir is like to 
miscarrie for want of true friends. I fear we shall be 
drowned with Court holy water, as our act is not like to 
pass unless the Sacramental Test come along with it, and 
that is but to put us out of the frying pan into the fire. 
The way we intend to get it at least brought into the Par- 
liament, is by that committee that is appointed to inquire 
what profitable laws now in force in England are fit to be 
enacted here, amongst which the Act for toleration of Pro- 
testant Dissenters in England will possibly be thought 
one. The sole right men are sore run down here, and we 
are like to suffer by this north wind. Mr. Hans Hamilton 
is not come to Parliament, so that his Burgesship is vacant. 
This day six Acts were touched, viz.. An Act rescinding 
King James's Parliament ; 2d, One for the additional Ex- 
cise ; 3d, For rescinding the old act de heretico combu- 
rendo ; 4th, Against foreign education of children ; 5th, 
For disarming Papists; Gth, For the better settling in- 
testates' estates. So that they have made good speed 
hitherto. If your afiiiirs could allow you to be here, your 
assistance will be very necessarie, and very refreshing to 
your affectionate and humble servant, 

"J. M'Bride. 

" To William Hamilton, Esq., in Killileagh." 

This William Hamilton (the supposed author of the 
foregoing MSS.) is mentioned by Dr. Reid, (at p. 109,) as 
one of the few leading Presbyterian gentlemen who had 
suffered under the Test Clause, and who presented a peti- 
tion to the Irish Parliament against it, on the 14th of 
March, 1705, " on behalf of themselves and the rest of the 
Protestant Dissenting subjects of Ireland." — Beid, Vol, iii. 

^ This Article of the Agreement, as might have been ex- 
pected, led to more differences among the parties intended 
to be bound by it than all the others. It was, of course, 
quite illegal for the owners of the property in the Borough, 
to which corporate rights bad been granted by a Royal 
Charter, thus to appropriate and attempt to divide among 
themselves, as individuals, iranchises Aviiich were granted 
to, and could only belong to the corporate body thereby 
created ; and, although a mutual bond for £5,000 had been 
contemporaneously executed by each party to this agree- 
ment, for the due performance of all its articles, it could 
not be enforced for a breach of this one, as to which it was 


8.— That the little park lying betwixt the back-park and the highway leading from Mr. How's to the town of Xilli- 
leagh, and the four tenements lying upon the south-east side of the High -street under James Read's "-arden, and the 
Island Don O'Neal, are to belong to the Gate-House proportion ; and the limestone in Don O'Neal, or in any other 
place within either of the said proportions, is to be common to all the said parties ; and the whole mosses which be- 
long to Killileagh proportion are to be common to all the said parties, together with the Town Common which is also 
to be common. 

8. — That all the ground lying betwixt the highway leading to the mill, and the water draught now appointed, to be 
the south-west march of the meadow, and betwixt Spratt's house and the water at the back of the byre shall belon" to 
the Gate-House proportion.^ 

9. — That all the fir-trees within both the gardens and orchard, except the trees planted for making the walks 
are to be cut down by consent of both parties. In witness whereof all the said parties have hereunto interchangeably 
set their hands and seals, this 6th day of September, in the year of our Lord, 1697. 

sealed, and delivered, in presence of 


Gawin Hamilton. 
"Wm. Hamilton. 
Hans Stevenson. 
Anne Stevenson. 

clearly void. The following letters addressed to Gawen 
Hamilton. Esq., by two ol the Burgesses of Killileagh, in 
the year 1760, on the occasion ot bis becominp' a candidate 
for the representation of the Borough, on the death of 
George II.. give, in their own language, an amusing ac- 
count of what they considered the nature ol the trust re- 
posed in them by the persons to whose influence they 
were indebted for their otfices: — 


" Dear Sir. — Yours of the 4th inst. was delivered to me 
by Mr. Kennedy. I am very sorry it is not in my power, 
consistent with the trust reposed in me, to comply with 
your request, as I should at all times, and on all occasions, 
wish to have it in my power to do what might be agreeable 
to you. When I was elected a burgess of the borough of 
Killileagh, I came in a t the instance of, unci to serve the interest 
of, Mr. Stevenson ; and as long as I continue in that office, 
J shall thinh myself in honour hovnd to do every act he may 
think consistent vAth his interest. If upon the present or 
any other occasion he shall desire me to vote for you, or 
any other iierson you recommend in the borough. I shall 
comply with pleasure ; but otherwise I shall not think it 
belongs to me to determine what he may think his right. 
I am, with great respect, dear sir, your most humble 
servant, " Arthur Johnston." 


" Sir, — I had the favor of yours. I do not at all doubt 
but that you have given a fair state of your case, although 
of an old'date, which possibly may make the issue doubt- 
ful; hut you must know, or have heard, that I had the 
compliment paid me of being burgess thirty or forty years 
ago, by those of the other side of the question, who con- 
fided in me as their friend ; and / am sure you tcould not 
desire or expect that I shoidd break the confidence reposed in 
me, ichich loould he attended ly the black crime ofingrati- 
titde. But, if there icas anything I had a right to dispjose of, 
thtre would "be none readier to pay you the compliment 
than, sir, vour well-wisher, and obedient servant, 

'• December 15, 1760." " Edward Bailie. 

The letters of the other burgesses, though not putting 
their refusal to vote for Mr. Hamilton on the same 
grounds, weri' equally deceided, and Sir John Blackwood 
and Bernard Ward, Esq., were returned as the members on 
that occasion. 

^ This article was also the subject of difference between 
the parties, but was amicably settled by the following 
award : — 

" Whereas Captain Hans Stevenson and Mr. Archibald 
Hamilton, both of Killileagh, did this 18lh day of October, 
1710, agree to refer a difference betwixt them relating to 
the eighth article perfected hy the said Hans Stevenson 
and Ann, his wife, and hy her two uncles, Gawiu and 
WilUam Hamilton, bearing date the 6th September, 1697, 
being articles of iheir several partitions of their interests 
in and about the town of Killileagh : Now, know all men 
by these presents, that we, John Halfridge, of Dromore, 
Esq.. and James Hamilton, of Derryboy, Gent., referees 
appointed by they the said Hans Stevenson and Archibald 
Hamilton, do award and determine that the march shall 
iTin straight from the back side of the byre next to the 
old pound down to the river. This we do agree upon as 
our award, as witness our hands and seals, the day and 
year above. 

" Witness present, -, " John Haltridge. [seal.]. 
"James Boner. ' " James Hamilton, [seal.] 
" Hugh Johnston, j 

" We, Archibald Hamilton and Hans Stevenson, do, out 
of our great sense of the integrity and justice of our good 
fi-iends, John Haltridge, Esq., and James Hamilton, Gent., 
freely acquiesce and submit to the within arrangement, and 
abide and fully submit to the same. 

" Archibald Hamilton. 

" 19th February, 1710. " Hans Stevenson. 

" I, WUliam Hamilton, of Killileagh, do hereby declare 
my satisfaction with the within award, and do fully submit 
to the same, as witness my hand the 19th November, 1710. 
" William Hamilton," 



[Copy Printed Case on Appeal to English House of Lords from Decree of Irish Court of Chancery, 
in the cause of Hans Stevenson and A.nn, his wife, Piaiatiffs ; Sir Haas Hamilton, and others. 
Defendants; referred to at page 146, anie.^ 

James Hamilton and Hans Hamilton, Esqrs, Appellants; Hans Stevenson, Esq., and Ann, his wife, Respondents. 


James, Earl of Clanbrasil, upon the marriage of Countess Ana, his wife, made a settlement of lands, of about £2,000 
per annum, on her, for her life, for her jointure ; and, afterwards, by will, dated 18th June, 1659, on his death-bed, 
devised one-third part of his estate to his said wife for her life ; and the other two-thirds thereof for the maintenauce 
of his two sons, Henry and Hans, and for payment of his debts ; and, if the said two sins should die, without issue 
before his debts were paid, then his debts to be first paid, and afterwards the remainder of his said estate to the eldest 
sons, or issue male, of his five uncles, as it could be laid out in most equal and just divisions ; and, presently after, died. 
Countess Ann entered and enjoyed her jointure, and received the profits of the rest of the estate, as guardian to her 
sons. Hans, the younger son, died without issue. Earl Henry, the said eldest son and heir of the said E ii-l James, 
attained his age of twenty-one years ; married, and then levied fines, and suff"ered recoveries of all the said estate not in 
jointure to the Countess Ann liis mother, except some small parts that were ia lease for lives ; and, by his will, dated 
27tli March, 1674, devised all his estates in the Kingdom of Ireland to his wife, Alice Countess of Clanbrasil, her 
heirs and assigns for ever, and died without issue. 

On Earl Henry's death, in Janury, 1765, Countess Alice entered into all the said Earl's lands not in jointure to the 
said Countess Ann ; and, by virtue of the said Earl Henry's Will, claimed also the reversion in fee of the lands held in 
jointure by the said Coimtess Ann ; for that the "Will of Earl James was not good, the said Earl James being, as she 
aUedged, not of sound mind or memory at the time of making thereof. 

In February, 1675, the five eldest sons of the said Earl James's five uncles, mentioned in his Will— viz. Sir Hans 
Hamilton, James Hamilton of Bangor, Esq., James Hamilton of Neilsbrooke, Esq , Archibald Hamilton, Esq , and Patrick 
Hamilton, Esq., agreed that a bill should be brought in the Court of Chancery in Ireland, for proving the said 
will of the said Earl James ; and, accordingly, a bill was filerl in their names, against the said Countess Alice, to 
perpetuate the testimony of their witnesses. Thereupon, Countess Alice, in, 1676, prefu-rcd a bill, to set aside, 
the said will of Earl James ; to which the said Sir Hans Haniilton, the appellant James Hamilton, Archibald, and 
Patrick, put in their joint answers ; but James of Neilsbrooke put in his separate answer by himself, hi June, 1676, 
they preferred their cross bill, to prove the said will of Earl James. The said Countess Alice answered, and denied 
the will of Earl James; insisting on it, that the said Earl James was not of sound mind or memory, and many 
witnesses were examined, on both sides, for and against the validity of the said will, contradictory to each other. 
. That some time after, James Hamilton of Neilsbrooke, the eldest son of the eldest of the said five uncles, being in- 
formed, and pretending he was entitled to the whole estate by prior settlements, made by the Lord Viscount Claneboy, 
father of the said Earl James (as by his said sepai-ate answer, filed iu May, 1676, appears), refused to gt> on any further 
in the said suite ; and, thereupon, Sir Hans, Archibald, and Patrick impowered tlie appellant, James Hamilton, by 
Letter of Attorney, dated 19th October, 1676, to prosecute the same on their behalf. 

Countess Alice, by Deeds of Lease and Release, dated 23rd and 24th of August, 1676, settled the said estate to the 
use of herself, and the heirs of her body; and, for want of such heirs, settled £300 per annum thereout, as a rent 
charge, to Richard Spencer, Esq., her kinsman, and his heirs, and £50 per annum rent charge to James Sloane, Esq., 
and his heirs ; and all the rest of the estate, subject thereunto, to her brother, Henry Moore, Esq., now Earl of 
Drogheda, in tail-male, with remainders over, subject to her debts, particularly £3,000, which she bonowud from the 
Lord Barganey, with whom she intermarried, and soon after died without is.sue, December, 16/7. 


The said Sir Eans Hamilton, and the appellant James Hamilton, being adn^ed that the remainders limited by 
Earl James's Will to the said five uncles' sons, were barred by the said fines and recoveries of all the lands whereo'f 
the said Earl Henry had the freehold in possession, and a prospect of further suites, and great troubles appearing con- 
cerning the validity of the said Earl James's will, or what estate should pass thereby, whether for life only, or Tn fee, 
to the said five eldest sons, they the said Sir Hans Hamilton, and the appellant James Hamilton, for valuable con- 
siderations, did, in 1678, purchase to them and their heirs, the several estates and interests of the said Henry Moore, 
now Earl of Drogheda, John Lord of Barganey, Mr. Spencer, and Mr. Sloane, and enjoyed the same ; and, for valuable 
considerations and marriages in their families, for payment of their debts and otherwise, have made several settlements 
thereof. On the 24th of December, 1678, the said Archibald and Patrick Hamilton, being apprised of the said mat- 
ters, came to an agreement with the said Sir Hans Hamilton and the said James Hamilton, to "accept one-fifth part of 
the said jointure lands, and of (he lands in lease for lives, to be conveyed to each of them and their heirs, by the said 
Sir Hans Hamilton and the said James Hamilton. But the said James of Neilsbrook still refused to join with the 
others in their proceedings or agreements as aforesaid, till, after several years' inquiry about the said settlement 
he alledged to be made by Earl James's father, finding himself mistaken and misinformed therein, he did earnestly 
solicit the appellant James Hamilton, that if he would undertake for the said Sir Hans Hamilton, who was then 
absent, as well as for himself, to perform what arbitrators indifferently chosen should award, to refer the matter to 
arbitration; and, accordingly, on the 5th of May, 1680, they reiiprocallv entered into bonds of submission of the 
penalty of £10,000, wherein the sai.l James Hamilton, the appellant, was bound for his own and the said Sir Hans 
Hamilton's performances In May, 1680, in pursuance of the said reference and submissi<m, the arbitrators, viz., 
John Creighton, and Hugh Hamill, Esqrs., deceased, awarded one-fifth part of the said jointure lands, and lands in 
leases for lives, to be conveyed by said Sir Hans Hamilton and the appellant, James Hamilton, to the said James 
Hamilton of Neilsbrook, and his heirs, in like manner as they had done to Archibald Hamilton. The said James 
Hamilton of Neilsbrook acquiesced in the said award, and never controverted the same during his life ; but, before any 
conveyance was made to the said James Hamilton of Neilsbrook pursuant to the said award by the said Sir Hans 
Han ilton, he died in 1681, leaving three daughters, Eose, Rachel, and Anne. 

William Hamilton, third broiher of the said James Hamilton of Neilsbrook, taking upon him the guardianship of 
the said daughters, filed a bill against the appellants, aad thereby pretended that the said Sir Hans Hamilton, and 
the appellant, Janies Hamilton, made the said purchrses in trust to all the other uncles' sons, as well as for themselves ; 
and prayed that the said purchases might be decreed to be in trust, particularly as to one-fifth part thereof, to the said 
three daughters ; but therein took no mtice of the said award, But the same being set forth and insisted on by the 
defendants in their answers, and the said cause coming to be heard before the Lord Chancellor Porter in Trinity Term, 
1686, he declared that the whole matter was not brought fairly before the Court, and that he might dismiss the said 
bill ; but on prayer of respondent's counsel, they had leave to file a supplemental bill to bring the same, with all its 
circumstances, before the Court ; and, accordingly, did file a supplemental bill, wherein they did take notice of the said 
award, but alledged the same corruptly obtained, and insisted (as they had done in their original bill) that the said 
purchases were made in trust for all the said five uncles' sons. To which appellants severally answered, in Michael- 
mas Term, 1686, and denied any trust to the ptu'chases, or corruption in obtaining the said award, and that they were 
ready and willing to perform the same. 

In January, 1688, Countess Anne died, and two of tlie said daughters. Rose and Rachel, died without is-ue, and the 
respondent, Hans Stevenson, married the said Anne, who revived the said suits, and witnesses were examined on both 
sides. Depending the said suit, the appellants, in October, 1696, specifically performed the said award, by a partition of 
the estate made accordingly, to which the respondents were parties, and agreed to and accepted of one-fifth part of the 
jointure lands, and leasehold lands for lives ; and, according to the said partition, and their lot drawn, hold, and enjoy 
the same ; and the appellant Hans Hamilton, being then under age, gave security to perform the same, and accord- 
ingly did perform when he came of age. Notwithstanding all which, the respondents afterwards, on 10th February, 
1696, brought the said cause to hearing, and the Right Honourable John Methuen, Esq., Lord Chancellor pf Ireland, 
decreed the said will of Earl James to be a good will, and that the respondents should have and recover one-fifth part of. 


all the said piireliaseg, made by the said Sir Hans Hamilton,f and the appellant, James Hamilton. And, as to the award, 
his lordship drclared he did not think himself so apprized of the matter as to confirm the same, or to declare it to be 
corrupt, or that he would declare it to be a bar to the plaintiffs' right, but left the parties to take their remedies there- 
on ; and, pursuant to the Lord Chancellor's directions, a bill was brou,2:ht. in Trinity Term, 1699, against the re- 
spondents by the appellants, setting forth the said award, and that the appellants had on their parts specifically per- 
formed the same, and that the said respondents had accepted one-fifth part of all the lands so conveyed to them by the 
appellants, upon an equal p:i;tition thereof, and prayed a specific performance of the said award, from the respondents 
on their parts. To which bill the respondents pleaded the said ])roceedings and decree in the former causes, which 
plea the said Lord Chancellor Methueu^ allowed to be good, notwithstanding the former decree and declaration therein, 
which left the appellants to their remedy ; but, afterwards, on a rehearing, his lordship did, on the 7th of December, 
1700, over-rule the said plea, and ordered the same to stand for an answer; and, though the suit is still depending, and 
many delays used by the respondents therein, the Lord Chancellor did order the appellants forth-nith to convey a fifth 
part of the said purchases to the respondents, and hath since ordered the rents to be sequestered. From which decree 
and order the appellants have humbly appealed to their lordships, and prayed the same may be reversed as erroneous. 


F. Sloanb. 

fit appears by the followinc; extracts from the Journals 
of the Irish House of Commons, that shortly after the date 
of this appeal, a great portion of Sir Hans Hamilton's 
estates had to be sold for payment of his debts : — 

" 12th Kov., 1703.— Mr. Campbell reported from the 
committee appointed to examine the matter and allega- 
tions in the petition of Sir Hans Hamilton, Baronet, in 
order to pi epave and bring in heads of a Bill for sale of 
part of his estates for payment of his debts, that they had 
called before them, and heard the several persons next in 
remainder in the said estate, and that they are willing 
that so much of the said estate shall be sold as -will 
pay the petitioner's grandfather's debts; and also such 
debts as the petitioner hath contracted since he became 
of age ; and that they were come to several resolutions, 
which he read in his place, and alter delivered in at 
the table, -where the same were again read and agreed 
to by the House, and are as follows :— Resolved — 1. That 
it is the opinion ol this Committee that the contents of the 
said petition are true. 2. That for preserving the pe- 
titioner and his estate from utter ruin, so much thereof be 
sold as will pay the said debts ; and, in regard that that 
part of the petitioner's estate which was in the County of 
Downe, is liujited in remainder after the petitioner's issue 
to one person, and that part of the petitioner's estate in 
the Counties of Armagh and Cavan to another person, an 
equal proportion imd share of the said several estates be 
leit unsold. 3. That such pait ot the said estate as shall 
remain unsold, continue settled to the same uses, the same 
is now settled to by said settlement. 4. That there be a 
saving ff r the right and title ot James Hamilton, son and 
heir of Henry Hamilton (if any he hath), to part of the 
manor of Killileagh. being the titth part of the jointure 
of Anne, late Countess Dowager of Clanbrazell deceased, 
that he be not piejudiced by any sale, or this Act. 5. That 
tliere be a saving lor the right and title ol Hans Stevenson, 
Esq., and Anne, his wile (il any they have), that they be 
not prejudiced by any sale, or this Act. 6. That provision 
be made out ol the money arising by sale ol the said estate, 

for the debts owing by Sir Hans Hamilton, deceased, to 
Francis Hamilton. Esq., brother of the said Sir Hans, and 
for which the said Francis was bound for tbe said Sir 
Hans, or en account of the petitioner during his minority ; 
and also such debts as the said Sir Hans, deceased, did 
owe to James Hamilton, of Bangor, Esq. ; and such other 
debts as the said James Hamilton was bound for, on ac- 
count of the said Sir Hans, deceased, and such other debts 
as the said James Hamilton did contract and was bound 
for on account of the petitioner during his minority, be 
first paid in equal proportions. 7. That the money raised 
by a sale of the petitioner's estate, be appointed to be re- 
ceived by persons ot integrity, who shall be directed to pay 
the debts, without permitting any part of the purchase- 
money to come to the petitioner. 8. That there be a 
general saving of the rights of all other persons but such 
only as claim under the settlement of the said Sir Hans 
Hamilton, deceased, and also of all creditors. 9. That 
leave be given to bring in heads of a Bill for relief of the 
petitioner upon the terms aforesaid, according to the 
prayer of his petition. Ordered— That Mr. Charles Camp- 
bell, and Mr. Connolly, Mr. Attorney-General, and Sir 
Eichard Levinge, do prepare and bring in heads of a 
Bill on the said resolutions." — Irish Com. Jour., Vol. ii., 
p. 364. 

" 19th Nov., 1703.— Mr. Campbell reported from the 
Committee, that the said heads of a Bill were just and 
equitable, and for the advantage of the creditors and those 
in remainders to the said estate, and fit to be passed into 
a law."— 7ft., p. 377. 

On 4th March, 1703, " An Act for Sale of part of the 
estate of Sir Hans Hamilton, Bart., for payment of his 
grandfather's debts, and lor other purposes," received the 
Rojal assent. — Ih. 

e John Methutn, Esq., was appointed Lord Chancellor 
of Ireland, in 1696, on the death of Sir Charles Porter, 
which ofiBce he resigned in 1703, when Sir Richard Cox, 
who had previously been Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas, became his successor. 



The Rev. Hans Hamilton, Vicar of Diyilop, in Scotland, eldest son of 
Archibald Hamilton, Esq.," of Raplock, in Lanarkshire, descended 
of the Duke of Hamilton's family. Died 30th May, 1608, aged 72; 
buried in the Pariah Church of Dunlop.— See Ham. MSS., p. 1, ante. 





Margar et Denham, daughter of the Laird of 
Weshiels ; also buried at Dunlop with her 
husband, in the family mausoleum.— ffawt. 
MSS., p. 3, ante, ^^j^^ ^ ,6, ^^ ^^, y 

Penelope Cooke, 1st 
wife.— See S'a^Ufon 
MSS., \>. 29, ante.a.nd 
Mrs. Reilly't Iluiori- 
cal Anecdotes of the 
Hamilton Family, 
p. 84. 

■Ursula, daughter of Ed- 
ward, 1st Lord Braba- 
zon, of Ardee, 2nd 
wife. She died in 1625, 
having been previously 
divorced by her hus- 
B5S37'By"whom she had 
up cjiildren. — Ham. 
MSS., p. 29, ante. 

= Sir James Hamilton, of Killileagh, and 

Bangor, Co. Down, Knight, Serjeant- 

i at-Law, and Privy Councillor to King 

I James the First ; created by Patent, 

,' I dated at Westminster, 4th Maj', 1£22, 

,' Viscount Claneboye ; died 1643, aged 

sTITuriedat Bangor, Co. Down.— fla^w. 

MSS., p. 10. 

Jane, daughter of Sir John, 
Phillips, of Picton Castle,; 
in Pembrokeshire, Bart.,. 
3rd wife. She died 4th Janu-' 
ary, IQQl.— Bee Funeral En-: 
tries in Ulster King of Arms : 
Office, vol. iv., p. 47.— Ham. • 
MSS., pp. 29, 48, 59, ante. ■' 

James Hamilton, 2nd Viscount Claneboj'e, only son ; created, by Privy 

Seal, at Oxford, 4th March, 1646, and by Patent, at Dublin, dated 7th 

i June, 1647, Earl of Clanbrasil in County Armagh. Marriage 

•' Articles dated 12th ard 13th November, 1635. Will dated 8th June, 

1659 ; provea 5th June, 1161 ; died 20th June, 1659 ; buried 29th 

June follo\ving, at Bangor, Co. Down. — Ham, MSS., p. 65. 

4nne, eldest daughter of Henry — Sir Robert Maxwell, of Y^^ar- 

' Carey, Earl of Monmouth ; died i 
2!Tfh Januarj', 1689, and buried h 
the 5th of February following, f 
at Bangor. — Ham. MSS., pp. 
65, 118, ante. 

ingstown, Co. Down, Bart, 
^nd husband ; married 25th 
Jan., 1668.— Ha/rt. MSS., 
p. 118, ante. 


James, Lord Claneboye, 
bom 7th Sept., 1642; 
died, aged 15, 8th May, 
1658, before his father; 
buried at Rickmans- 
worth, in Hertlord- 
Bhire.— fl^«?n. MSS., p. 
70, ante. 

Henry, 2nd Earl of Clanbrasil; 
die4 without leaving issue, 
;i2th Jan., 1675-6; buried 
in Christ's Church, Dublin. 
—Fun. Ent, vol. x.,p. 81; 
and subsequentlyj at Ban- 
gor.— jBTawi. MSS., p. 88. 

Alice, daughter of Henry 
, Moore, 1st Earl of Dro- 
,' gheda, in 1667, who 
married, secondlj', John 
Lord Bargany, by whom 
she had no issue; and 
died 12th December, 
1677.— flam. MSS., p. 
96, ante. 

Hans Hamilton, married, 
but died without issue, 

/ and was buried with 
his father at Bangor. — 
flam. JfSS. pp. 70,154. 

Jane died an infant, and 
was buried with her 
brother James, at Rick- 
mansworth. — Ham. 
MSS., p. 70. 

James, Lord Claneboye, 
born 15th April, 1670, 
I and died 13th June fol- 
\ lowing.— fl«r/i. MSS. , 
'p. 118, ante. 

a This Pedigree is based on one prepared by Sir William Betliam, in the year 1827, but it contained many errors, which the 
Editor of the foregoing MSS. has been enabled to correct by references to them, and other authentic sources. As evidence of the 
necessity for, and nature of, these corrections, it will be sufficient here to mention, that, in Sir William Betham's Pedigree, Sir James 
Hamilton, the head of the family in this country, is stated to have been only twice married ; and his second wife, Ursula, daughter 
of Edward Lord Brabazon, whom he describes as his first wife, is also stated to have been the mother of the second Viscount 
Claneboy aud the rest of his children, although they were all children of his third wife, Jane, daughter of Sir John Phillips. 

'j Another mistake is committed in Sir William Betham's pedigree as to this lady, which makes her the daughter Of Archibald Ha- 
milton of Halcraig by his second n'ife, Rachel Carmichael, by whom he had a daughter nwned Janet. The Editor has been 
enabled to correct this, by reference to the foregoing MSS., and to the valuable Record of Funeral Entries kept in Sir 
Bernard Burke's Office of Ulster King of Arms, from which the following extract has been obtained :— " Archibald Edmond- 
st«n, of Braiden-Iland, in the County of Antrim, Esq., eldest son of William Edmoudston, of Dontreath, in the parish of 
Streablin, in the Sheriffdome of Striveling, in the kingdom of Scotland, Esq., eldest son of Sir James Edmondston, of Dontreath 
aforesaid, Knight, which Archibald married Jaj>e, daughter of Archibald Hamilton, of Halcraige, in the Sheriffdome of Lanirke, in 
the said Kingdom of Scotland, Esq., second brother to James, Lord Viscount Clandeboy now living, by whom he had issue, William, 
eldest Sonne, deafe and dumme ; Archibald, second sonne, upon whom his father conferred his estate, both unmarried as yett ; 
Helen, eldest daughter ; Isabell, second daughter, as yett unmarried ; and some other children who died young. The said first-men- 
tioned Archibald Edmondston, departed this mortall life at Braiden-Iland aforesaid, the 25th of December, 1636 ; and was interred 
in the Parish Church of Templecoran, in the County of Antrim aforesaid, the — of January followinge. The truth of the premisses 
is testified by the subscription of James Edmondston, brother to the defunct, who hath, returned this certificate into my office to be 
there recorded. Taken by me, Thomas Preston, Esq., Ulster King of Armes, this 10th of July, 1637."— Fm»>. Ent., vol. 7, p. 101. 



Miss Simpson. 1st 
wife. By whom he 
had 2 daughters. — 
Mam.MSS.,p. 11, 

Archibald Hamilton, of Halcraig, — Rachel Carmiohael, sister to Sir 

in the County of Lanark, Esq., 
2»d.sou of the Vicar of Dunlopi 
—Ham. MSS., pp. 10, 43, ante. 

Jane, married to Archibald "Edmondstone'i 
of Braidenisland, Co. Antrim. — See Ham. 
MSS.,v. iZ.ante.b 

James Carmichacl, Bart., of 
Hyndford, created a Peer of 
Scotland as Baron Carmichael, 
2nd wife, by whom he had 22 
children.— £■«»«.. MSS., p. 43, 

John Hamilton, Esq., Of 
' BallygTott, Co. Down, 
M.P. for Bangor, in 
Irish Parliament of 

Miss West, daughter 
, of a gentleman of 
: good estate in Isle- 

a-Kail. — Main. 

MSS., p. Ti,ante. ••' 

V James Hamilton, Esq., of 

: ' f Neilsbrook.Co.Antrim. 

/ : HTswilldatedethSept., 

( 1683; died Oct., 1683.— 

'Ham. MSS., p. 139, 

Agnes, daughter of 
j Sir — Kennedy, of 
( Colane, in Carrick. 

—Uavi. MSS., p. 

72, ante. 

Archibald Hamilton, a Captain of 
Horse ; shot in the thigh at 
Dromore, Co Down, and was 
carried to Lisburn, where he 
died.— Ham. MSS., p. 72, ante. 

Jane, wife of William 

Rachel = 

= John Steven 

, Hogg, Esq., of Rath- 

\ Esq., of B 

gall, whodieds. p. Her 


husband died 29th Sep- 

tember, 1704, aged 59.— 

Ham. MSS., pp. 118, 

155, ante. 

Rose, wife of Wm. 

•S Fairlie, Esq. ; died, 
a^p., 31st January, 
1693-4. Her hus- 
band, Wm. Fairhe, 
died 4th May, 1694. 
—Ham. MSS., p. 
118, ante. 

Colonel Hans Steven- 
r son, of Ballygfbit, 
' sonof John Steven- 
son, Esq.,of Bally- 
wooly; died 1713. 

Anne Hamilton, 
daughter, and 

(eventually sole 
heiress, of Jas. 

James Stevenson, Esq.. only^son 
and heir. 


Anne, 3rd daughter of 
Lieut-Gen. Nicholas 

Sir John Blackwood, of Ballyleidy, = Dorcas, daughter and co-heiress ; / Anne, 

Co. Down, Bart. ; bom in 1721 ; 
died 27th February, 1/ 

\ created Baroness DufEerin and 
\ Claneboye, 23rd July, ISOO. 



Sir James Stevenson Blackwood, Bart., 2nd Baron = Anne Dorothea, 1 , Mehetabil Hesier,2nd 

DufEerin and Claneboye ; bom 8th July, 1755 ; , only daughter / , daughter of Robert 

died, s. p., 8th August, 1836. „..„,,.-— .. * / of 1st Lord- lemple, Esq. ; 1st 

--^' ■ ^.■'■■' 1 2 Oriel, who died : wife ; died 18th 

- ^.--' iim:-- 

1 1865. , 

Nov., 1839. 

Hans, 3rd Baron; 
-died 18th Nov., 

Price, 4th Baron ; bom 
27th May, 1794 ; died 
21st July, 1841. 

Elizabeth Finlay, 
. married 8th 
■ July, 1801, 
2nd wife. 

Helen Selina, eldest daughter of Thomas Sheridan, Esq., j-' j | 
and grand-daughter of the RightHonble. R . B, Sheridan ;/ 2 sons, 
married 4th July, 1825. .-' 

I M I I 
5 daughters. 

Frederick Temple, 5th Baron, 
K.P. ; born June, 1826 ; created 
Baron Clandeboye^in the Peer- 
age of Great Britain, in 1850,^ 

Harriet Georgina, eldest daughter ^"H O . 
of Archibald Rowan Hamilton, 
Esq., of KiUileagh Castle, Co. 
Down : married 23rd Oct. , 1863. 

Archibald Temple. 

Helen Hermioue. 


Pedigeee of the 

Captain Gawin Hamilton, 
I of Liswine and Killi- 
leagh, Co. Down, Esq. ; 
died 27th October, 1703, 
aged 73.— Ham. MSS., 
p. 118, ante. 

Jane, daughter of Archi- William Hamilton, of Edin- 
ibald Hamilton, of Co.i bm-gh and Killileagh, Esq. : 

! Armagh, Esq. Mar/ 
Articles dated 1683. ■ 

jEJiliOut issue ; will 
dated 8th April ,1712, proved 
13th August, 1716, 

Robert Hamilton, Esq., 
died without issue. — 
Ha7n. MSS., p. 13, 

Miss Meredith, 
li.daughter of Sir 
V— Meredith. — 
Ham. MSS., p. 
73, ante. 

Janet. — 
p. 43, 

Archibald Hamilton, of Killileagh, 
Esq. ; died 25th April, 1747 ; bm-ied 
at Killileagh. 

Slary, daughter of David Johnstone, /< 
Esq., of TuUy, Co. Monaghan; died / \ 
about 176f ; buried at Killileagh. ■ 


JanOj only child of William — Gawen Hamilton, Esq., eldest son 

T>„„„., «.„ -.r r, ^..... and heir; born about 1729"; di«d 

9th April, 1805; buried at St. 

Ann's Church, Soho, in the Co. 

of Middlesex. 2nd husband. 

..Rowan, Esq., K.C. ; born 

' ' 9tii Jan., 1726-7 ; married 

■" 28th Maj', 1750 ; died about 

1793 ; buried at Dublin. 


Tichborne Aston, of Beaulieu, 
in Co. Louth, Esq., grandson 
of Henry, Lord Ferrard; 
died 4th March, 1747; buried 
at Drogheda, JEt. circa 36. 
1st husband. 

Archibald Hamilton, of the City of Dublin, Esq., took = Sarali Anne, daughter of Walter Dawson, Esq., of Car- 
I (the addition of Rowan to his surname, by direction I rickmacross, Co. Monaghan- born 14th "" -'"' 
'in his grandfather Rowan's will; bom 12th May, I married at Paris, 6th Oct.,'] 731, and i. 
1752; died at Dublin, 1st Nov., 182i, aged 84; buried J^ at St. James's, Westminster, I'gth Nov. fouowing 
^'-•- ■ "^ u died 26th February, 1884. * f x 
- . ^ • ■ . "■''>■ 

Mary. Rose. 

in St. Mary's Chui-ch. 

Esq., of Car- v 
Nov., 1764 ; \ 
ubsequently J/ 
. followingj,/-- 

Sidney, wife of Rev. Ben- 
jamin Beresford, Clerk. 



^ Gawin William, Captain 

/ R.N., C.B ; bom at 

/ Paris, 4th March, 1793 ; 

i died 17th Aug., 1834^• 

Catharine, daughter v^ Sydney Hamil- 
of Lieut. -Gen. Sir A ton, born 19th 
George Cockburne; / \ January, 17^; 

1 married in 1817. -' ^ed in 1847. 

EHeii Jackson, ■ 
mar. March, i 
1851. / 

Archibald, 3rd son; 
bom 24th Nov., 
1791 ; was a Lieut. 
in the 11th Regt. of 
Foot, and died, s. p., 
at Gibraltar.' 

Frederick, 4th son ; born 
26th Sept., 1793; an 
Officer in the R. N. ; slain 
on the coast of Spain in 
1811; died unmarried 
and s,p. 

< George — Miss Hart, x Melita = Jacob Sankev, Archi- 
I ■■ ^-- -., Esq. ■ bald. 

Archibald Rowan Ha- = Catharine Anne, dau. of Rev. Geo. ; 
milton, Captain 5th I i Caldwell and Harriett his v/He, j — -- ' 
Dragoon Guards ; f dau. of Sir Wm. Abdy, Bart. ' 
died in May, 1859. | 1. 

I I 

John. Wm. 




Sydney. Sarah. Anne. Mary. Mildred. Jane: 

Frederick Temple, 5th Baron '■ 
, Dufferin and Claneboye, and 
j 1st Baron Clandeboye in the 
' Peerage of Great Britam. 

= Harriett 




Dawson, 5th son ; 
bom 23rd Sept., 
1801 ; married Anne 

* Blackwood in Nov., 

, Jane, born 7th 

' Oct., 1785; died 

iinmafried, in 

Elizabeth, wife of 
the Rev. S. H. 
/ Beregford;mar. 
; ried in Dec, 
; 1819. 


Georgina Sophia. 

Mildred wife of 

Sir Edward 
I Ryan, Knt. of 
/ the Order of 
■ Maria Theresa. 


William V. 
died in 

Harriett, wife of 
Crofton Fitz- 
• gerald, Esq. 

Franceska, wife of 

Esq., son of Wm. 

j one of the 

,' Ireland. 

Wm. Fletcher, 

Fletcher, Esq., 

of C.P. in 

Wm. Frederick. 

Hamilton Family. 


Gawin Hamilton, of Ballygawly, Sid^son of the — Helen Dunlop.— 
Vicar of Dunlop.a a merchant at Coleraine, where See Hcrni. 

he was drowiiea, under 3T) years of a,ge.— Ham. MSS., p. 43. 

MSS., pp, 11, 43. 

Archibald Hamilton, had two 
sons, who died young ; died 
in 1662.— Ham. MSS.; p. 

he Rev. James Hamilton, Min- 
' ister of Ballywalter, Co. Down, 
and afterwards of Dumfries, in 
Scotland ; died at Edinburg-h, 
10th March, 1666.— Ham. MaS., 
p. 44. 

Elizabeth Watson, daughter Raphael, 
of the Rev. David Watson, i -^Ham. 
Minister of KLUeavy, near/ MSS., p. 
Hewry.— Ham. MSS., p/ 50. 


Bev. Archibald Hamilton, of Armagh, and of BaUow, = Marj', daughter of Hugh y 
Co. Down, clerk ; living 1693. ! Kennedy, Esq., of Cul-.-' 

tra, Co. Down. 


James Hamilton, of Derryboy, Esq. ; will = Ursula Hamilton, y 
dated 12th August, 1718; proved 13th / 

February, 1719. 

Hugh Hamilton, Esq. 

Jane, wife of 
Capt. Gawen 
HamOton, of 
Lis wine. 

Archibald Hamilton, -p Alice Lambert. 

Robert Hamilton, of the Cur- 
ragh of Kildare, Esq. 

Mary, daughter of — Harri- . Ursula, twin with Robert ; 
son, Esq., of Liverpool. / living in 1814, ^Et. 78. 

Marj', wife of 

Jane, wife of 

Grant, or 
i Grier, Smyth, 

;ev. Archibald Robert , Emily, wife of John Den- J 
Hamilton, only son. /f nis, Esq., of Co. Cork,! 
= Nephew to the late 

Lord Tracton. 

Robert Hamilton, Esq., Archibald Robert, Esq. 
of Clxmtagh, Co. Down, 
and Clifton-Mount, Ja- ] 
maica ; married to Miss ' 

a The Christian name of the wife of the Vicar of Dunlop is correctly stated in the body of the work, at p. 3, ante, to have been 
Janet ; but at p. 158, ante, it is en-oneously given as Margaret, on the authority of Sir William Betham's Pedigree,— a mistake which 
was overlooked until after the sheet was printed ofi, and which must therefore be corrected.— Ed. 


Pedigeee of the 

John Hamilton, of Coronary, Co. Cavan.and of Monella 
tthson of the Vicar of Dunlop ; died at Killileash. Co 

r Hamilton's Bawn, Co. Armagh, Esq 
n„„„ ,.^ '^— :mher, 1639 ; buried in 
-Fun. Ent., vol. viii. , 

SM-ah, daughter of Sir Anthony Brabazon of 
, Ballj-nasloe, Co. Roscommon, Knight, Gov- 
ernor of Connaught. 


Sir Hans Hamilton, of Monella, or Hamil- 
ton's Bawn, Knt., and one of the Most Hon. 
Privy Council ; created a Baronet 6th April, 

/ 1662 ; died 14th February, 1681 ; buried at 
/ Mullaghbrack.— Fmb. Ent., vol. xi., p. 167 : 
Ham. MSS., p. 79. 


Maudlin, Srd dan. of Sir Edward . Anthony 

1 Trevor, Knight, sister to Marcu! J 2nd son- 

T Viscount Dungannon ; died i.Srd /, diedvouhe- 

March, 1679 ;buriedatMuUagh- ./ unmarried.' 
bracl£.— Fitn. Ent., vol. xi., p. \_^Fun. 
91 ; Earn. MSS., p SO. Ent., vol. 

James Hamilton, of Eailie- 
borougn, Co. CavS;Esq., 
Srasou.— jPim. Ent., vol. 
viii., p.233;£faTO. JfSS., 
p. 80. 

Jane, dau. and 
heiiess of Rt. 
: Rev W. Bailey, / 
■ BishopofClon-// 

fert,. — Ham. / 

Sir Robert Hamilton, of Mount- = Sarah, only daugh- 

Hamilton, Knight ; created a ) , ter and heiress - 

Baronet in 1682 ; died m 1703. died before her fa- 

, ihar.—Fun.Ent., 

/ vol. xi., p. 167. . 

killed at Limerick. 

Jane, daughter of ,\ 
; Clotworthy Skef- 
: fington, 2nd Vis- 
count Massereene. 


Hans Hamilton, a 
. Brigadier-Gene- 
ral ; died s.p. 

James Hamilton, of Carlow, Esq., 
M.P. for Carlow, eldest son ; 
w-ill dated 27th June, 1769 ; 
proved Nov., 1772. 

Jane, wife of James Campbell, \ 
Esq., of London, who-. .took i 
the name of Hamilton, and 
died in 1749, ^t. 8?).'"' 

Hans Hamilton, of Carlow, Esq., = EUnor, daughter of : 
, «ljtel.5on ; described as of Sum- Benedict Artlmr, 

■mer HiU, Co. Dublin, in his Esq., of Seafield, 

wiU, dated 2nd April, 1 779; pro- 

Margaret, died unmarried : -wiU dated Anne, wife of 
Hamilton, Esq. ; 1st September, 1790; provedSrd Nov., Chas Siree 

died s.p. 1791. 

barah, daughter of Joseph -- Hans Hamilton, Esq., of Sheep- = Anne, daughter of Hugh 
Lynam, Esq., of Dub- ■ hill, M.P. for Co. Dublin; bom : Henry MitcheU. Esq 
lin, 1st wife. ; Srd June, 1758; died 22nd 2nd wife 

December, 1822. 

Jamei Hans Hamilton, — Caroline 
• Esq., of Abbotstown ; I Trant. 
/M.P. for Co. Dublin; 

Bom February, 1810 ; 

died June, 1864^ I 

Ion Trant, M.P._f9r Co. 
, Dublin; bom July, 
\ 1839. 

Robert Hamilton, of ~ Catharine, daughter 
Clonsillagh, Co. I of Sir WilUam 

DubUn, Esq. Alexander, Bart. 

John. Robert. Nathaniel. Catharin 

Hamilton, 1 

of Dublin, I 

Esq. j_ 

Rebecca, daughter of Wm. 
Reynell, Esq., of Castle- ,' 
Reynell, ' — 

Charlotte, wife of Robert 
White, of Aghaboe, in 
Queen's Co., Esq. 

Hamilton Familt. 


Francis Hamilton, of Tullybrick, Co. Armagh, 
4th son: ■nill dated 8th Feb., 1692; proved 
7th Nov., 1705.— fla>» MSS., pp. 44. 81. 

Elizabeth Echlin, i 

I sister of Henry/ 

Echlin, Esq. / 

Irsula, eldest, and Jane, 2nd 
daughter, died young and 
immarried. — Fun, Evi.j 

Mary 3rd and Elinor 4th daughters, 
both living and unmarried in 1039. 
—Fun. Knt., vol. viii , p. 233. 

r Kev. James Hamilton, of Tullybrick, — Anne Waring, = Jane Leslie,/ 
ana Castleliill. Co. Down, clerk; I Ist wife.— / 2nd wife. / 

wiU dated 4th Sept., 1729; proved | "~ 

23rd April, 1730. " 

=Iaabella, daughter of — 
[Harailtou, Fsq., of Cale- ^ 
don; will proved, 1703. ' 

Robert Hamilton, of 
Bailee, Co. Down, 
Esq., ob. s.p. 

Mary.daugh-/ John. Mary. Elizabeth. Margaret.t Rev. Francis Harail-=Sai-ah War-i Elizabeth, 
ter of — / \ , ton, Vicar of Dun- [. in^, widow- i wife of 

\ • dalk;willdated7th oniontague ,Kead. 

"i I \ August, 1 7S0. I Lambert, Esq. ' 

JoluiHamilton, of HolmpatrickjEsq., . 
2nd son ; M.P. for Dundalk and 

Henry Hamilton, of Hacketstown, Co. Dublin, = Margaret, daughter of James Hamilton, of County 
Esq. : oh.&p.^ Carlow, Esq. 

John Hamilton, 
Esq., of Straw 
Hall, Co. Dub- 
lin, 2nd son ; / 

James Hamilton, 
Esq., of Slieep- 
Hill, Co. Dub- 
and Hohnpat- 
rick, 3rd son; 

= Alice, daughter of John ■ 
Hamilton, Esq., of 
Derry, 2nd wife. 

Elizabeth. Rebecca. 

Jane. Margaret. Soplii 

T Sarah, daughter of Lord Castlemaine, / Emily, Harriett, 
I ob.,s.p. ob., s.p. 

lenry Hamilton, of 
Ballymacool,Esq. ; 
bom 16lh July, 
1769 ; died Nov., 

Mary, daughterof j james n 
John Wetherall, ; Dunborae Castle ; ' bom 
Esq., of Dublin. 1761 ; died 24th May, 1800. 

James Hamilton, Esq., of — Clmrlotte Mary, daughter of John Hamilton, Esq., = 
" ' ^ : . (^^^ Hendrick, of Tully, / of Hacketstown, 

Co. Kildare, Esq. / Co. Dublin ; ob.. 


Margaret, d. 
of Thomas 
Esq., Castle 
Martin, Co. 
"Kildare, 1st 

i, dau. j- , Rev. Henry = Frances \ John Ha- — Catharine ] Hans 

Esq., Q.C.; 

Henry Catlia- Mary. Laura. 




/ of Gene- 

.' ral Sir 

Robert, 5 ds 


Caroline, wife of Thomas 
Stannus, of Co. Louth, 

Mary, wife of Thomas, 2nd 
son of Charles Hendrick, 
of TuUy, Esq. 

Sophia, wife of Richard Margaret, wife of 
Jones, of DoUardstown, Rev. Henry 

Co. Meath, Esq. Johnston. 

Nathaniel Alexander Hamilt< 

Pebigeee of the 

Jane, daughter of Sir John Melville, 
of l8le-a-KaiI, Co. Dowii.— Sam. . 
3ISS., p. ib. 

James Hamilton, o^Jtewcastle, Esq., 
M.P. for Bangor in igSTr killed at 

, the Elaokwater fight, 6th June, 
1646 ; buried in Benburb Church.— 
Ham. MSS., p. 81, ante. 

Margaret Kyuaston, daughter 

of i/pohn Hamil 

)i Francis Kraaatnn, of Pontey Besley. // son ; a Caf 

Shropshire, ana"Saul, Co. Down, / ls_B.=r-£'a)i 

•Per, Kt. l,5c»,rifo PatliQrJno oicfoT- ^q fi ^T^l'"-^- 


Hon, 2nd — Jane Echljn. 

■ Esq., by his wife Catharine, s 
Sir E. Trevor.— SET Jfi-s. Meiay's. 
Memoirs, p. 88. 

James Hamilton, of Bangor, Esq., 
I M.P. for Co. Down in 1692; will 
dated 20th July, liOl ; died in 1707; 
huiied in Bangor Church. — Ham. 
3/.SS., p. 81, ante. 

>Viscouut Mordaunt and : 

ICarv ; married 22nd August, 1787 ; 

■will dated 3rd Sept., 1717 

. General Kichd. Price, 
1 , of Hullyniount, Co. 
i |Down,lstt>«sband. 
I '—HamTlHSS.. p. 

— X 

Catharine. — 
See Fun. 

VereEssexCromwell, \ 
Earl of Ardglass, ) 
2nd husband : died 
26th Nov., 1687. 


Bernard Ward, 

Esq., M.P, 

for Co. i:i>j\ra: 

I created Earon 

Esq., aJudge 
oi the King's 

Ward, — Anne Ca' 

.,,»tharine, , VThos. Butler, 
liter and I 6th Vis- 
!iress:died \\ count Iker- 

Bligh, , 
eldest ' 
of John, 
1st Earl 
of Darn- 

/T" Someri 

Nicholas Price, Esq., o 
St. Field, Co. Down, i 

; venson, esq., 
Kimieagh, befc 

West, of 
the Rock, 
in County 

S'icholas, _2nd Viscount ( 
Bangor; born in 1750; }^ .llth Sept., . 

Honble. Edward Ward, = 
2nd son; M.P. for 
Co. Down in 1783 ; 
died in 1812. — See 
Bam. MSS.. p. 64, 

Eight Honhle. Robert, 
of Bangor Castle, Co. 
Down, 3rd son ; mar- 
ried in 1782, Sophia 
Frances, daughter of 
R. C. Whallsft Esq. 

Edward Southwell, 3rd = Harriette, 
Viscount ; died in 2nd dau. 

1837. of Uth 


t Honble. and Rev. Henry = Anne, daughter 
V Ward, Rector of Killiu- of the Rev. H. 

chy. Mahon. 

2 sons, d'ed 
and 5 hving. 

Hamilton Family. 

Captain Hans Hamilton, of 
Carnesure, Co. Down, 3rd 
sou : liis will dated 2nd 
Dec, 1666 ; died 28th Dec, 
165S: buried at Hollywood. 

Marv, sister of 
David Kenne-' 
p. 81. ./ 

Cliristian, = 
oulydau. of 
Joceliii. Us, 
liei-,11 Esq./ 
1st wife. / • 
She died / 

- 26th Jan.; 
1680; buried 
in Down- 

William Hamilton, 
of Erinagh, in Co. 
Down, Esq., 4th 
son ; a Captain : 
died 26th: January, 
1680; buried in the 
Cathedral of Down; 
will proved 1686, 

Ellen, dau. 
of Brian . 
MacHugh ; 
ley Magea- 

James Hamilton, of 
[Carnesure, Esq. ; 
will dated 2nd June, 
1690; proved 10th 

Chnstian, daughter Jane, wife 
ot Wm. Hamilton, of Huffh 
of Erinagh, Esq. ; •••■--^ ■ 
will dated MhFeb., 
1691; proved 19th 
January, 1692, 

Esq , of 

wife of 


5 Co. 

:.P. for 

John Cuffe, = Margaret, 
^ 1st Lord dau. and 

Desart, heiress. 

who died 

in 1749. 

fl692; wiUdat- 
■;ed 28th Dec, 
1693; died in 
London, 1701— 
Mrs. Reilly's 
MeiruHrs, pp. 
92, 93; Ham. 
MSB., pp. 63. 

Hon. Lady Jocelyn, 
Anne : killed in l 
Mordaunt duel in 

of John,; 
Ist Earl ( 
of Peters 
borougli ; 
died 16, 


ber, 1689; 
Ob. s.p.— 

James Hamilton, onlv 

V-,, Visoount Limerick In 1719, and Earl 

t! of Clanbrasill in 1766 ; died i 
: —See Mrs. Reilly's Memoirs 

; created — Lady Harriet Bentinck, 

ghter of "William,, 
Earl of Portland / 
married in 1728.-/6.1 

Elizabeth, wife 
\ of Thomas 
i Portescue, 
• Esq., of 

I of Tliomas, 
^ 1st Lord 
' Foley ; 
in 1774, 
and died 
in 1813.— 
See Mrs. 

■' James, -2nd Earl of Clanbrasill 
(of theAidireatlou), and one of 
the original Knights oi St 
Patrick ; Chief Remembrancer 
of Irish Court of Exchequer 
1742 ; died, sj>„ 1798.— 76. 


vus, 1st 

Robert Jocelyn, 
1st Earl of / 

Willliam Henry, 
Earl of Cler- 
mont, who 
died, s.p, 

Harriet. Caroline. Charlotte. Sophia. Louisa. 

a At page 82, 

Usher ; but this : ^ ,. „„..^ ^ 

borated by the Pedigree of AJrchbrsiiop Ussher," 


Joslin Usher, son of Mark Usher of Balsoon. 

ithe appendix to EWngton'sLifeof him, 


Pedigree of the HAMiLToif Family. 


Rev Patrick Hamilton, 6th son of the Vicar of Dunlop ; Minister of Enderwick, 
in' East Lothian, Scotland.— Ham. MSS., pp. 12, 45. 


Elizabeth Glen.— Sam. > 

SLSS., p. 45. / 

:ev. James Hamilton, 
Parson of Dundonald 
and Hollywood ; died 
at Dundonald, 
Ham. MSS., p. 


Alexander Ha- 
milton, Esq., 
of Granshaw, 
2nd brother. 


Rev. Archd. Hamilton, Minister of Wigton, 
in Scotland, afterwards of Bangor, Co. 
Down, 3rd brother ; died at Wigton, 29th 
June, 1695, ^t. 15.— Ham. MSS., pp. 39, 

Jane, dau. of Elizabeth. 
Rev. James 
Hamilton, of 
— Earn. 
MSS., p. 83. 

Patrick Hamil- — Lettice 

ton, of Gran- 
shaw, Co. 
DowTi, Esq. ; 
will dated 2ud 
April, 1696 ; 
proved iSth 

Norris, \ 
dau. of '• 
— liDxris, 
Esq., of ■' 
; Newcastle,' 

Mary, wife of 

wife of 


Miss ; 

Rev. Archd. Ha- 
milton, of Ban- 
gor. — Ham. 
MSS., 39, 83. 


Miss Mary, wife 

Stewart. of — 

Archibald j Jane, / Dorothy, 

and JameS;?' wife * wife of — 

both died of — J Mears, 

s^Pj. ...^' Haw- 

—\!!^" thorn. 

1 daughter. 

Ebenezer. Daughter 

James Hamilton, 
died s.p. 

Rev. Patrick Hamilton, 
Rector of Killileagh, 
Co. Down ; will dated 
7th Oct., 1748 ; proved 
3rd March, 1749. 

Mary Collier, sister 
of Thos. Collier, 
Esq., of Belfast. 

/ Barbara, wife of 
— Collyer. 

Eliza, wife of 

Rev. James Hamilton, of — Anne 
Mt. Collier, Co. Down. Mathew. 



Somerset ButlerJ 




No. I. 


James, by the grace of God, of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, 
and so forth : To all to whom our present letters shall come, greeting : — Whereas, we (on the humble 
petition of Conat otherwise Con McBrian Fertagh O'Neile, as for and in consideration of the faithful 
service of our beloved Hugh Montgomery, Knight, and James Hamilton, Esq., our serjeant, rendered 
to us), by our certain letters, signed with our proper hand and under our seal, dated at our manor of 
Greenwich, the i6th day of April, in the third year of our reign of England, France, and Ireland, and 
of Scotland the thirty-eighth, enrolled in the rolls of our Chancery of our said kingdom of 
Ireland, signified our will and pleasure to be— That the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and 
assigns, should have of our gift or grant the countries or territories of the Upper Clandeboyand Great 
Ards, and all castles, manors, lands, tenements, and hereditaments in the said country of the Upper 
Clandeboy and Great Ards, of which Neal McBrian Fertagh O'Neale, or his father, Brian Fertagh 
O'Neale, in their lifetimes were possessed of, and received any rents, duties, or impositions (in English, 
" cuttings,") with all and singular their members and appurtenances, together with a market on Thurs- 
day in every week, and one fair on the feast of St. John the Baptist, and for two days next following 
the said feast annually, and together with courts leet and courts baron, to be annually held at Castlereagh, 
parcel of the premises, and together with two other fairs, both to be held for the like time, with courts 
leet and courts baron, to be held within the said territories and lands, rendering to us, our heirs and 
successors, ;^ioo good and lawful money of Ireland annually, at the receipt of our Exchequer there, 
at the two usual annual feasts, as by our said letters patent more fully and at large appears. And 
whereas, further, by our said letters we signified, that the aforesaid James Hamilton should promise to 
inhabit the said territory and lands with English or Scotchmen ; therefore, that the aforesaid James 
Hamilton may be the better able to inhabit the said territories, depopulated and wasted, and to pay 
the rent aforesaid, that the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, may and can transport 
and convey all such grain, commodities, and benefits which grow and arise in and upon the territories 
and lands aforesaid, into any part of our dominions, and into all other parts in league and friendship 
with us (our army and military garrisons in our said province of Ulster being first, at our request and 
price, well provided and accommodated with grain and provisions), and to transport men, cattle, 
grain, and all other commodities out of our kingdoms of England and Scotland into the aforesaid terri- 
tories and lands : Rendering to us, our heirs and successors, the usual customs for the same, unless it 
shall seem to our Deputy-General, for the time being, and our Council there, upon any special cause 
to prohibit the transportation of such grain and commodities ; and that it shall be lawful for the afore- 
said James, his heirs and assigns, to alienate the aforesaid territories and lands, or any parcel thereof, 
to any person or persons, being English or Scotch, or of the blood of Enghsh or Scotchmen, and not 
to any of the mere Irish nation, except to the said Conat, otherwise Con O'Neile, and his heirs, to be 
held of the said James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, by such rent and service as the said James 
Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, shall reserve, as also by our said letters, amongst other things, may 
more fully and at large appear. 

Know ye, that We, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and, mere motion, and according to 
the effect of our letters above recited, with the assent of our right trusty and faithful Sir Arthur Chi- 

ii. General Appendix, 

Chester, Knt., our Deputy-General of our said kingdom of Ireland, and for the considerations aforesaid, 
for us our heirs and successors, Have given and granted, and by these presents, for us our heirs and 
successors, we do give and grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, all those regions, countries, or 
territories of the Upper Clandeboy and the Great Ards in Clandeboy, in the said county of Down, 
in the province of Ulster, in our said kingdom of Ireland, and all other castles, manors, lands, tene- . 
ments, and hereditaments in the said country of Clandeboy and the Great Ards, of which Neale M'Brien 
Fertagh O'Neile, or his father Brian, otherwise Brian Fertagh O'Neile, in the time of their Hves was 
or were possessed of, or received the rents, dues, or impositions (called in English "cuttings") in the said 
province of Ulster : And also all and singular the towns, villages, or hamlets of Ballynagnochan, Bally- 
naghabricke, Ballybrinan, Ballycowan, Ballycarney, Ballyclogher, Ballycrossan, Ballycarrycroegh, 
Ballycreweh, Ballycargie, Ballycardganan, Ballidulloghane, Ballydrombo, Ballydulloghmuck, Balli- 
derrimore, Ballygrombeg, Ballyneganwyee, BallyhoUowood, Ballyhawnenewde, Ballylisnnabryne, 
Ballylemoghan, Ballylary, Ballyliserean, Ballyloghany, Ballyliscowneganagh, alias Ballylisgan, Bally- 
liseromelaghan. Ballyloghgar, Ballyliscoodry, Ballymylagh, Ballimaltane, Ballinemony, Ballymologh, 
Balliomulvelagh, Ballyogheli, Ballyskean, Ballytempledrome, Ballytempleblassisse, Ballytollogh- 
mistikineol Ballynechallan, BallytuUowre, Ballylischackan, Ballycarrowneveigh, BallietuUogh- 
breckan, Ballecreignefassenagh, Ballieargeeneveigh, Ballycarrid, Ballycloinemore, Ballydromhorcke, 
Ballimagroven, Ballylanbeg, Ballyhalliske, Ballarecrumen, Ballideya, Ballydromveyne, Ballygoneyagh, 
Ballinrat'fooney, Ballinluliinegwy, Ballytullaghfymean, Ballyardoman, Balliboonen, Ballivarnemagherie, 
Ballyclontyneglare, Ballycarnonan, Ballicarrickmanan,Ballidromehierewe, Ballidromcreagh,Ballygowan, 
Ballynegrosse, BallihuUe, Ballikeilogh, alias Ballykely, Ballylisnebarney, Ballimagherostowe, Bally- 
monastregh, Ballimertenagh, Ballimaghery, Drunnagh, Ballikegill, Ballikilleene,Ballyaghandoragh,Bally- 
necreeneh, Ballikillinisce, Ballitullaghmuchyvragh, Ballilogh, Balligaloglagh, Ballygraffane, Ballyear- 
lanevaragh, Ballecaslanbeg, Ballyhenrie, Ballilisgowan, Balliloghinkirk, Ballisbiadane, Ballymoney- 
carvell, Ballymagreevaghan, Ballimanues, Ballioran, Ballirichard, Ballyrinhy, alias Rynerewe, Bally- 
rogan, Ballanliallen, Ballionerany, BallymuUidy, Ballenacultie, Balligloscdrom, Ballitullicorpane, 
Ballitulligarvagh, Ballinenaw, Balliloghan, the Half Town of Balliravarragh, Ballinroishe, Balliristell, 
Ballistockereh, Bally tullihubert, Ballytanaghnewen, Ballinacloghan, Ballyhartie, alias Agharagie, Balli- 
bine, Ballisline, Ballibeyne, Ballicrely, the Half Town of Dromskonell, Ballygassan, Balligrangeh, 
Balliglackilenagh, Ballilagygoan, Ballymoynerigh, Ballimaglafie, Ballicarewnemuck, Ballinebredagh, 
Ballyhackemer, Ballinafeigh, Ballygortrib, Ballihenoane, Ballyknockeolmukill, Ballislisnebroyne, 
Ballymackerit, Ballisorber, Ballygalvally, Ballicregie, Ballicastloreogh, Ballicreevine, Balliccarviagh, 
Ballinechline, Balliregin, Ballidownledy Ballidowndonell, Ballikillivagh. Ballilisniskagh, Ballicarrigo- 
ganedelane, Ballikelarmid, Ballinchaghan, Ballitullohenrie, Ballycrriggivaddagh, Ballydavy, Ballinegrany 
Ballinemoney, Ballirobert, Balliaghery, Balliawally, Balliaspragh, Ballinecrosse, Ballinecarrowreagh, 
Ballinecreaghy, Ballicopland, Ballicaskeragh, Ballinecallagh, Ballinerossnemucklough, Ballinemedoon, 
Ballinedoonever, Ballidroomcaiff, Ballidromecha, Ballydonoghdee, Ballyfranish, Ballyfarish, Ballyne- 
grangee, Balleneganevine, Ballygornie, Ballyneglasserie, Balligraffine, Ballenegardy, Ballyhay, Balli- 
hemeline, Ballykilcormock, Ballikillaghy, Ballikilbratton, Ballinekillee, Ballilisbane, Bally william, 
Ballinemoyne, Ballycoolgrange, Ballymulter, Ballymonen, Ballymulloghmore, Ballyrowe, Ballitallogh- 
evevine, Ballinoregh, Ballytalbot, Ballibrallurevin, Ballymkelreenc, Ballinegemurthe, Balligooneh, 
Ballibrekon, Ballyrinee, Ballyprushan, Ballibelare, Ballimulleragh, Ballicarroghan, Ballivlacke, Balli- 
hullieggard, Ballimullin, Ballivackerinyloghan, Ballymuckee, Balligarvagane, Ballyupisrah, Balh- 
carrownesragh, Ballicarcubbine, Balliarony, Ballilimpe, Carrownescreo, Ballirowriagh, Barrecallone- 
caliagh, the two Ballineskeaghes, Ballirogun, Ballywalter, Balliathuad, Ballynegallagh, Ballinecreagh, 
Ballinccabbragh Ballina, Ballimaser : — Which said towns, villages, or hamlets, are lying or being in and 
within the lands of the Upper Clandeboy, and the Great Ards aforesaid : And all other manors, castles, 
towns, townlands, hamlets, lands, tenements, and other hereditaments whatever, lying and being in or 
within the aforesaid regions, territories, or countries of the Upper Clandeboy, and the Great Ards, and 
also, all other manors, castles, towns, townlands, hamlets, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, 
whatsoever, lying and being in or within the limits, mears, and bounds of the said territory of the 
Upper Clandeboy, and the Great Ards :— That is to say, towards and adjoining the west, and northern, 
and western part of the territory aforesaid, the river of Lagan, which hath its course immediately into 
the bay of Knockfergus, is the most noted mearing of the territory aforesaid, and runs between the lands 
thereof, and other parcels of the territories or countries, called Maloan, Falfelogh, Kilultagh, and 

Letters Patent of 3rd James I., 1605, to James Hamilton, Esa. iii 

M 'Shane Oge's countrie in Kilultagh, in the county aforesaid, and the said river runs between the ter- 
ritory aforesaid, for eight miles or thereabouts, to wit, from the passage or ford of Belfast until the said 
river joins another river called Garricloth, and from thence towards the south and west part of the river 
called The Garricloth aforesaid, is the most noted mear between the lands of Upper Clandeboy and 
Kilwarlin, in the county aforesaid, during a course of five miles or thereabouts, until the aforesaid river 
falls into the lough, called Loughanny, in which Toole M'Phelim M'Ever dwells ; and the lake afore- 
said is half a mile or thereabouts long, between the territories aforesaid, and from the east, and south 
ends of the lake near the said lake lies and is situated the marsh, (called in English "The Bog of the 
Dorney,") through the middle of which bog extends the boundary aforesaid, directly between the lands 
of the Upper Clandeboy aforesaid, and the territory called M'Cartan's country, in the county aforesaid, 
and during a course of about two miles and a half, unto the passage (called in English "The ford of 
Anaghcatt,") and from thence through the middle of the bog aforesaid, directly for half a mile by esti- 
mation, unto another passage or ford of Annagh-Dorney ; and from thence the boundary between the 
territories aforesaid, extends directly through the middle of a little river called Dorney, for one mile or 
thereabouts, until it touches the high hill called Liscoodry, situate in the Upper Clandeboy aforesaid, 
and there or near the said hill touches the river called Balligarry ; and from thence the boundary afore- 
said, between the Upper Clandeboy and M'Cartan's country aforesaid, extends itself through the 
middle of the river of Ballygarry aforesaid, for the space of two miles or thereabouts, until the aforesaid 
river approaches the church called Killinchinickille, situate in the Upper Clandeboy aforesaid : And 
from thence the boundary of the Upper Clandeboy aforesaid continues itself directly between the lands 
of the same and the country or territory called Tlie Dufferin in the county aforesaid, upon and by the 
summit of the hill called Teochrum, and from,, thence for a quarter of a mile or thereabouts, to the 
nearest end of the bog called Dorgemonye ; and'Trom thence the boundary between the territories first 
recited in the county aforesaid, extends for two miles by estimation, directly through the middle of the 
aforesaid bog, until from the said bog a river rises called Owen Mullen, which said river from thence 
is held to be the mete for about one mile, between the territories aforesaid, until it falls into the lough, 
called Loughcoyne, in the county aforesaid, at or near the passage or ford of Annaghglemyniter, between 
the island of Maghie, in the Upper Clandeboy aforesaid, and Skatericke in The Dufferin aforesaid ; and 
from thence the west and northern bank of the aforesaid lough is the most^gpted boundary of the Upper 
Clandeboy aforesaid, until the river called Althanchoise falls into the lake of Loughcone aforesaid ; and 
from thence the northern and eastern bank of the lake of Loughcone aforesaid is the boundary of these 
territories, until the river of Blackstaffe falls into Loughcone aforesaid ; and from thence the boundary 
of the territory aforesaid, between the lands thereof and the Little Ards aforesaid, continues directly 
through the middle of the river of Blackstaffe aforesaid, and through the middle of the passage or ford 
of Blackstaffe upon the same river, until the river aforesaid empties itself into a certain bog called Porta- 
boggagh, and from thence the boundary, between the territories aforesaid, extends itself directly through 
•the middle of the aforesaid bog, leaving the island called Island Durine, and the lough called the Lough of 
Kirgeston towards the south, in the Little Ards aforesaid ; and from and near the west end of the Lough 
of Kirgeston aforesaid, the boundary between the territories aforesaid turns itself towards the north, 
and issues from the bog near and under the south and east, at the foot of a certain island or hill called 
Island- Gorman, situate in the Great Ards, and so almost around the said hill by a certain old mearing 
erected on those lands, unto the little miry bog called Loughanfinn, near the north and eastern foot of 
the island aforesaid : And from thence the boundary between the territories aforesaid continues through 
the middle of a certain antient little glen or channel, extending itself towards the north, to the foot of 
the hill called Carnanbeanes, situate in the Little Ards, until the channel aforesaid comes to another 
miry wet bog called Loughanly, from which said bog passes another channel until it falls into the sea, 
and is the boundary between the territories aforesaid : And from thence the shore of the sea towards 
the east and north, is held to be the most noted mear and boundary of the territory aforesaid, unto the 
rock of Carnanleagh, which is situate upon the sea shore, between the Upper Clandeboy, and the Great 
Ards ; and from thence the sea shore aforesaid towards the east, and the bank of the bay of Knock- 
fergus aforesaid towards the north, is held to be the most noted mear and boundary of the territory 
aforesaid, unto the passage otherwise the ford of Belfast above mentioned. 

And also all the towns, villages, or hamlets, and lands of and in the territory or country of Kilul- 
tagh, being within the territory of Clandeboy aforesaid, in the counties of Down and Antrim afore- 
said, in the province of Ulster, with their appurtenances, the names of which said towns, villages, and 


ir General Appendix. 

lands, are as follows, viz. : — Ballihusgelane, Ballidernasire, Ballianaghwelt Ballicamibreigh, Balli- 
draughlasney, BaUimacgilcrany, Balliternane, Ballitawnyawnydonnel, Balligartchingham, Ballimag- 
aberie, Ballicarloghinan, Ballinecryny, Ballinishilaghan, Ballinelermened, BallenuUaghgurten, Ballie- 
donye, Grimmiselagh, Ballybrinmore, Ballynemeigh, Ballygreene, Ballifinhosseff, Ballycloghy, Balli- 
madonye, Ballinahalchach, BallintanvuUag, Ballimagherstissemiske, Ballilaraghelisse, Listioghy, 
Acharnan, Moybegg, Ballymacrickard, Balliaghadalan, Ballivurreolige, Ballinemore, Balliballoyen, 
Ballilisnerobin, Ballialrone, Ballinskeallye, Ballicrumoygie, Ballymoneymore, Ballygortgarraffe, Balli- 
cromriffe, Balliveolane, Ballibernagariff, Ballyinadorogie, Ballintennaghy, Ballinkeana, Ballinmickbrian, 
Balliclonagaun, Ballishanaghill, Ballikillaghgenery, and Balliaghcarnan. And also all other manors, 
castles, villages, hamlets, lands, tenements, and other hereditaments whatsoever, lying and being in 
or within the aforesaid territory or country of Kilultagh, in Clandeboy aforesaid, in the said counties 
of Down and Antrim, in the said province of Ulster and the limits and circuit thereof, which said 
territory or country hath the mears, circuits, bounds, and limits in form following — to wit, near and 
upon the whole western part of the territory aforesaid extends part of the lough called Lougheaugh, 
otherwise Loughsidney ; and on the west and northern angle of the territory aforesaid, towards the 
east, the mear of the territory aforesaid extends itself through the middle of the river called Camelin, 
running mto the lough aforesaid, which said river runs for one mile or thereabouts between that ter- 
ritory and Kilmachevit, until it runs to the church called Camelin, situate in the said ten-itory towards 
the south of the said river ; and from thence the mear of the territory aforesaid extends through the 
middle of the river aforesaid, extending itself towards the south, between the lands thereof and Clan- 
dermet, in the lower Clandeboy, until the aforesaid river approaches a certain highway upon the 
mountain lands, called Balloghmogerlye, and from thence the mear of the territory aforesaid extends 
itself between the said lands and Dirrevologie, otherwise Felagh, in the Lower Clandeboy aforesaid, 
about half a mile towards the Woodyvale, (in English " the Glen of Altnecalleine,") and so about a 
quarter of a mile through the middle of the said glen, and further directly upon and through the top 
of the hill called MuUoghneglasse, near the town aforesaid, and from thence between the territory 
above recited, for about half a mile, the bound continues itself directly upon and by the top of the hill 
called Castlerobin : And from thence, between the territory directly through the middle of a certain 
channel or old mear, for the space of a mile by estimation, until the aforesaid mear joins the passage 
or ford of Ballinacrosse, within the wood there, and from thence, for the space of half a mile or there- 
abouts, on the other side of the woods and plantations within the territories aforesaid, directly to the 
little field called Tworibegg ; and so in and through the middle of the aforesaid field, and from thence 
between the territory aforesaid, for half a mile by estimation, directly to the passage or ford upon the 
River Lagan aforesaid, called Garrifinbresse, and from thence the mear of the territory aforesaid ex- 
tends itself through the middle of the River Lagan aforesaid, between the lands thereof and the 
Sleught O'Neales aforesaid, for the space of a mile and a half, as far as the passage or ford of Agh- 
cormocke, in the Lagan aforesaid, and from thence upon and through a certain plain called Tirekillen, 
through the middle of a certain fosse or old mear, for the space of a quarter of a mile, the mear 
extends itself between that territory and Kilwarlin, in the County of Down aforesaid, and from thence 
between the territory aforesaid for two miles, directly through the middle of another place called 
Tannycarum, and from thence for half a mile, directly between the territory aforesaid, through the 
middle of a certain boggy meadow called Boroughnesragh, near and upon the banks of the Lagan 
aforesaid, and from thence the mear extends between that territory and Eveagh, otherwise Maginesse's 
country, in the county aforesaid, for half a mile through the River Lagan, called Owenmore, unto the 
passage or ford Bellainlaghan, near the old fort there situate in that territory, and from thence the 
mear aforesaid extends itself between the territories aforesaid directly two miles across the woods and 
plains lying on the south side of the said fort unto the passage or ford in a bog called Belaballidono- 
ghan ; and from thence between the territory for half a mile unto another passage or ford in a bog 
called Belagher, and from thence for half a mile upon and by the bog and plain between the terri- 
tories aforesaid, directly to another passage or ford in a bog called Agheromglasney ; and from thence 
for a mile upon the bog and plain between the territory aforesaid, unto another passage or ford of 
Bellaghhiskilline, which said ford is the beginning of a certain river descending into Lougheaugh 
aforesaid, and so through the middle of the said river, during a course of a mile, the boundary afore- 
said continues itself directly between the land of the same and the Braskelagh, otherwise M'Can's 
country^unto Lougheaugh aforesaid, to or near Stanford upon the banks of the said lake. 

Letters Patent of 3rd James L, 1605, to James Hamilton, Esa. r 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the 
assent aforesaid, for the consideration aforesaid, for us our heirs and successors by these presents. We 
do give and grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, all and singular castles, 
messuages, houses, edifices, mills, buildings, barns, dovchouses, orchards, granaries, gardens, lands, 
tenements, meadows, pastures, feedings, commons, demesne lands, wastes, heaths, furzes, moors, 
marshes, woods, underwoods, advowsons of churches, tithes of grain and all other things titheable, as 
well great as small, and also oblations, obventions, fruits, profits, commodities, waters, watercourses, 
fishings, fisheries, suit, sock, mulcture, warrens, mines, quarries, rents, reversions, and services, rents 
of labour, rent suit, and rents and services, as well free as customary tenants, tenants' works, fee farms, 
annuities, escheats, reliefs, herriots, fines, amerciaments, courts leet, view of frank pledge and perqui- 
sites, and profits of courts and leets, and all things to courts leet and view of frank pledge appertain- 
ing, chatties, waifs, estrays, goods and chatties of felons and fugitives, felons of themselves outlawed 
and put in exigent, deodands, native men and women, villeins with their followers, estovers and com- 
mons of estover, marts, markets, tolls, customs, rights, jurisdictions, franchises, privileges, exemptions, 
profits, commodities, emoluments, and hereditaments of us whatsoever, with their appurtenances of 
whatsoever kind, nature, or species they be, or by whatsoever names they are known, deemed, called, 
or reputed, situate, lying and being, growing, increasing, or arising within the aforesaid regions, coun- 
tries, or territories, or manors, towns, fields, places, or hamlets aforesaid, or of or in any or either of 
the said premises above by these presents granted, or any or either of them in any man- 
ner belonging, appertaining, incumbent, or appendant, or as member, part, or parcel of the 
said premises by these presents before granted, or to any or either of them ever or at any time 
heretofore held, known, used, accepted, occupied, or reputed : And also the reversion and reversions, 
remainder and remainders of us whatsoever of all and singular the premises, with the appurtenances 
above granted, and every parcel thereof, depending or expectant of, in, or upon any gift or gifts, grant 
or grants, demise or demises whatever of the premises, or any part thereof, at any time heretofore 
made or granted, as well being of record as not of record : Excepting, nevertheless, and out of this our 
grant always reserving, all castles, lands, and other hereditaments whatever of the Bishop of Down 
and Connor, in or within the places and territories abovementioned : And also all castles, lands, tene- 
ments, and other hereditaments whatsoever to all and singular abbeys, monasteries, priories, or other 
religious houses, in any manner belonging or appertaining, heretofore found by inquisition, or now 
remaining of record, or unjustly concealed or detained from us ; and also excepting and reserving all 
fisheries of every kind, and all the weirs of the River Lagan aforesaid ; and also all castles, lands, 
tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, in or within the country or territory of the Lower Clande- 
boy, which now are or lately were in the tenure or occupation of the said Sir Arthur Chichester, 
Knight, or his assigns, by reason of any letters patent granted by us to the said Arthur, and also the 
rectories and vicarages, with their glebes and tithes whatsoever, in or within the territories aforesaid 
and the limits thereof ; all and singular which premises (except as before excepted) extend to the 
annual value of one hundred pounds : To have, hold, and enjoy all and singular the aforesaid terri- 
tories, countries, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, and the rest of all and singular the premises 
whatsoever, with all and singular their rights, members, and appurtenances whatsoever, to the afore- 
said James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, for ever, to the sole and proper use and behoof of the said 
James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, for ever : Paying thereout annually to us, our heirs and succes- 
sors, at the receipt of the Exchequer of us, our heirs and successors, of our said kingdom of Ireland, to 
wit, to the hands of the Vice- Treasurer or General Receiver of us, our heirs and successors, for the 
time being, ;i{,roo current money of Ireland, at the feasts of St. Michael the Archangel, and Easter, or 
within forty days after such feasts, by equal portions, for all other rents and duties whatever, and to 
be held of us, our heirs and successors, as of our Castle of Carrickfergus in free and common soccage 
only, and not in capite, nor in soccage in capite^ nor by knight's service. 

And further, we will that the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, shall find ten good 
and proper horsemen and twenty footmen, well instructed and armed, annually, to attend and serve 
for forty days our Lieutenant or Deputy-General, in our said kingdom of Ireland, when our said 
Lieutenant-General or Deputy-General in his proper person shall make Jiis general journey, (or general 
" hostings,") in our said province of Ulster. 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the 
assent and for the considerations aforesaid, for us, our heirs and successors, We do give and grant to the 

vi General Appendix 

aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, that they may have and hold, and have power and 
authority to have and hold one free market in and at Castlereagh, in the County of Down aforesaid, 
on every Thursday in every week for ever, and one fair to be held in and at Castlereagh aforesaid, on 
the feast of Saint John the Baptist, and for two days following the said feast in every year for ever ; 
and that they may have, hold, and take several courts of pye powder, and all and singular tolls, profits, 
perquisites commodities, and emoluments to such market and fair belonging or in any manner apper- 
taining, without any account to us, our heirs or successors, to be rendered or paid for the same. 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the 
assent and for the considerations aforesaid, for us, our heirs and successors. We do give and grant to 
the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, full liberty, power, and authority to have and to 
hold one frank pledge court leet, to be held before their seneschal or seneschals, according to the 
form of the statute in that case made and provided, and also a court baron, in and within the manor 
of Castlereagh, and the precincts and limits thereof, and in and within the mears and bounds of all the 
lands and tenements to the same belonging or appertaining, together with all privileges, franchises, 
immunities, perquisites, fines, amerciaments, profits, liberties, and commodities whatsoever, to a view 
of frank pledge, court leet, and court baron belonging, or in any wise appertaining, without any account 
to us, our heirs or successors, to be rendered thereout. 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the 
assent aforesaid, for us, our heirs and successors. We give and grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, 
his heirs and assigns, that he, the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, may have and hold 
one free market in and at Bangor, in the said county of Down, on every Monday weekly for ever, and 
one fair in or at Bangor aforesaid, on the feast day of St. James the Apostle, and for two days next 
following the said feast annually for ever ; and also one other market at Holy wood, in the county 
aforesaid, to be held on every Wednesday weekly for ever ; and one other fair at Holywood aforesaid, 
to be held annually, on the twenty-fourth day of March, and for two days next following for ever : And 
that the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, may have and hold these several courts of 
pye powder, and all other things to a court of pye powder or fair appertaining or in any manner 
belonging ; and that they may have and take all tolls, perquisites, profits, commodities, and privileges 
whatsoever which to fairs or markets appertain or belong, without any account to us, our heirs or suc- 
cessors, to be thereout rendered : And that these our letters patent shall be good and effectual in the 
law against us, our heirs and successors, notwithstanding that our writ of ad quod damnum hath not 
issued to inquire thereof before the making of these our letters patent, or any other act, law, usage, or 
ordinance to the contrary notwithstanding. 

And further, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the assent 
aforesaid. We give and grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, that he the afore- 
said James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, may have, hold, and enjoy one market in and at Gray- 
abbey, in the said county of Down, to be held on every Friday in every week for ever ; and one fair in 
or at Grayabbey aforesaid, to be held on the feast day of St. Luke, being the i8th of October, and for 
two days next following the said feasts annually for ever. And that the aforesaid James Hamilton, his 
heirs and assigns for ever, may have and hold there a court of pye powder, and all other things which 
to a court of pye powder or fair belong or appertain, and that they may have and take all and singular 
tolls, perquisites, profits, commodities, and privileges whatsoever which to any market or fair belong 
or appertain, without any account to be thereout rendered to us, our heirs or successors : And that 
these our letters patent may be valid and effectual in the law to the said James Hamilton, his heirs and 
assigns, against us, our heirs and successors, notwithstanding that our writ of ad quod damtium hath 
not issued to inquire thereof before the making of these our letters patent, any act, ordinance, law, or 
usage to the contrary notwithstanding. 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, for us, our 
heirs and successors. We give and grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, full 
and absolute license, power, and authority that he the said James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, 
from time to time hereafter for ever, at his and their will and pleasure, may and can alienate, assign, 
grant, demise, enfeoff, or acknowledge by fine or fines, recovery or recoveries, or by any other manner 
whatsoever, all and singular the aforesaid territories, countries, lands, tenements, and hereditaments 
whatsoever, or any parcel thereof, to any person or persons, being English or Scotch, or of English or 
Scotch blood, and not being " mere Irishmen" (Con Oneale M 'Brian Fertagh Oneale and his heirs only 

Letters Patent of 3rd James I., 1605, to James Hamilton, Esa. vii 

excepted) : To have and to hold to the said person or persons, their heirs and assigns, in fee simple or 
fee tail, to be held of the said James Hamilton, and his heirs and assigns, by such so many the like 
and as many services, customs, and rights as to the said James Hamilton, and his heirs and assigns, 
shall seem fit or pleasing : And to the said person or persons, and every or either of them, We do give, 
and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, we do grant license, authority, and power that 
such person or persons the premises or any parcel thereof from the said James Hamilton, his heirs or 
assigns, he and they may have power to receive and hold to them and their heirs, of any hereditary 
estate, in fee simple, or fee tail, or otherwise : And also, to hold to them, and their heirs and assigns, 
all manner of estates of free tenants, for term of life or lives, or otherwise, as to the said James Hamil- 
ton, his heirs and assigns, shall seem expedient, the statute of Quia Emptores Terrarum, or any other 
statute, acts, ordinance, use, law, or custom, or any other cause, matter, or thing, to the contrary 
thereof had, provided, used, or published, in any wise notwithstanding : Being unwilling that any or 
either of such persons, or any of their heirs or assigns, or the aforesaid James Hamilton, or his heirs, 
by reason of the premises by us, our heirs or successors, or by our justices, escheators, sheriffs, bailiffs, 
or other officers, or ministers of us, our heirs or successors whomsoever, therefor in any manner 
may be or might on any account be molested, aggrieved, vexed, or impeached. 

And, further, of our more abundant and special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with 
the assent, and for the consideration aforesaid, for us, our heirs and successors. We give and grant to 
the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, that he, the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs 
and assigns, may have and hold, and have power to have and hold, two several views of frank pledge, 
or courts leet, and all things which to views of frank pledge and courts leet appertain, to be held be- 
fore the seneschall, or seneschalls, according to the form of the statute in that case made and pro- 
vided, and within the precinct of the territory or country of the Great Ards aforesaid : And, also, two 
other views of frank pledge, or courts leet, and all things to views of frank pledge and courts leet 
appertaining, to be held before the seneschall, or seneschalls, by the aforesaid James, his heirs or 
assigns, or any of them to be nominated, according to the form of the statute in that case made and 
provided, in or within the precincts or hmits of the said territory or country of the Upper Clandeboy ; 
and that the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, being Enghsh or Scotch, or of the 
blood of the English or Scotch, may further have, hold, and enjoy for ever, and every of them may 
have, hold, and enjoy for ever, within the several territories of the Upper Clandeboy, and the Great 
Ards, several courts to be held before their seneschall, or seneschalls, to enquire of all and singular 
such matters and things, which in courts baron, within our said kingdom of Ireland, or within our 
kingdom of England, ought, or are accustomed to be enquired of, and to hold pleas on every Thurs- 
day, from three weeks to three weeks, of all manner of things, debts, covenants, trespasses, accounts, 
detinues, and contracts, which in debt or damages do not exceed the sum of forty shillings sterling, 
done, or arising, in every the hundreds, baronies, manors, places, towns, villages, or boroughs, or in, 
or within the hundreds, baronies, manors, places, towns, townlands, or boroughs, in, or within the 
aforesaid territories, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, by these presents before granted, or in, 
or within any part or parcel thereof, or within such limits or bounds as the aforesaid James 
Hamilton, his heirs or assigns, within the premises by their deeds have assigned and declared, and all 
profits, amerciaments, issues, forfeitures, perquisites, and commodities, to those courts coming, grow- 
ing, or arising, without any account to us, our heirs or successors, to be rendered or made ; and also 
all, and all manner of things which to a hundred appertain, in any part of the premises, and also courts 
and profits of the hundred aforesaid, and all things which to a court hundred appertain, or ought to 
appertain, without any molestation, disturbance, or inquietude of us, our heirs or successors, or of the 
justices, escheators, sheriffs, bailiffs, officers, or ministers of us, our heirs or successors, for ever. 

And, further, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the 
assent aforesaid, for us, our heirs and successors. We do give and grant to the aforesaid James Hamil- 
ton, his heirs and assigns, that he the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, and all people 
resident or not resident in or within the aforesaid countries, territories, lands, tenements, and heredi- 
taments whatsoever, may be free, acquitted, released, and exonerated for ever, of and from all, and all 
manner of rents, exactions, and Irish customs whatsoever, called cess, bonnoght, coshery, and the like 
customs, and which were heretofore used, taxed, issued, imposed, or assessed, or might, or happened 
so to be, except the rents and services above by these presents reserved, and general hostmgs, for the 
defence or keeping of the peace in the aforesaid countries, territories, and tenements. 


viii General Appendix. 

And, further, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the 
assent, and for the considerations aforesaid, for us, our heirs and successors, We do give and grant to 
the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, that he, the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs 
and assigns, may have and enjoy, and every of them, for ever, may have and enjoy, within all and 
singular the premises, free warren, and free chase, and liberty to make several parks or chases, and 
free warren and chase, and have liberty in such chase warren and park, and in all woods and lands 
whatsoever, within the aforesaid countries and territories of Upper Clandeboy, and Great Ards, and 
in and within the rest of all the premises, countries, territories, and other the premises, within the 
mears of the forests of us, our heirs or successors, so that no other person may enter into the afore- 
said territories, lands, tenements, woods, or hereditaments, nor into any part thereof to hunt therein, 
or to take any thing which to free warren or chase doth belong. 

And, further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the 
assent aforesaid, for us, our heirs, and successors. We do give and grant to the aforesaid James Hamil- 
ton, his heirs and assigns, that it shall and may be lawful for the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs 
and assigns, from time to time, to export and import into the said territories or countries, or into any 
part thereof, men, chattels, grain, and all and all manner of commodities, as well for the use and 
maintenance of the said James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, and of all men, tenants, dwellers, re- 
sident, or hereafter to reside within the aforesaid territories, countries, or regions, or within any parcel 
thereof, without any forfeiture, seizure, pain, penalty, or damages towards us, our heirs or successors, 
on account of the premises incurred, paid, or performed ; saving also to us, our heirs and successors, 
the imports, subsidies, and customs of wine, for the same due and accustomed, being unwilling that 
the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs or assigns, or any other or the like men, tenants, residents, 
or dwellers, or to dwell within the said dominions, territories, countries, lands, or hereditaments before 
granted, or any of them, or their heirs, or executors, or administrators, by reason of the premises, by 
us, our heirs or successors, or by our justices, escheators, sheriffs, baihffs, custom or other officers 
or ministers of us, our heirs or successors, whatsoever, therefor upon any occasion may be molested, 
impeached, or in any manner aggrieved, any statute, act, ordinance, restriction, prohibition, use, law, 
or any other cause, matter, or thing to the contrary thereof, made, used, or provided, in any wise not- 

And, further, of our more ample grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the assent, and 
for the consideration aforesaid, for us, our heirs and successors, We give and grant to the aforesaid 
James Hamilton, his heirs, and assigns, being English or Scotch, or of English or Scotch blood, and 
not mere Irish (except Con O'Neale aforesaid, and his heirs), for ever, full power, authority, leave, 
license, and power, that it shall and may be lawful for the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and 
assigns, and ever\' of them, being of English or Scotch extraction, to transport, export, carry, load, 
and unload, into all and singular countries and kingdoms, under, or in friendship with us, our heirs, 
or successors for the time being, all kind of grain, commodities, produce, and emoluments, and other 
things whatsoever, (linen yarn excepted) from henceforth coming, growing, arising, renewing, made, or 
to be made, in or within the aforesaid countries, territories, or any part thereof, without any pains, 
penalties, seizures, or forfeitures, thereout to us, our heirs or successors, to be made, rendered, paid, 
or incurred by us, our heirs or successors, or the officers or ministers of us, our heirs or successors, 
by reason of the premises to be had or levied (saving also to us, our heirs and successors, the custom 
and impost of wine, and subsidies for the same due, or to grow due), unless we, or our Deputy, Justices, 
or Governor-general for the time being, or our Council there, upon any special cause, shall or may find 
it necessary to prohibit or restrain the transportation of the said grain or commodities for any reason- 
able time, being unwilling that the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs or assigns, by reason of the 
premises by us, our heirs or successors, or by our justices, escheators, sheriffs, bailiffs, custom or 
other officers, or ministers of us, or of our heirs or successors, whomsoever, by any means contrary to 
the tenor of these presents, may or shall be on any account molested, impeached, vexed, or in any 
manner aggrieved, any statute, act, ordinance, use, custom, or any other cause, matter, or thing, to the 
contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding. 

And, further, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, with the con- 
sent aforesaid. We do give and grant that the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, being 
English or Scotch, or of the blood of the English or Scotch, so long as he keeps faith and allegiance 
towards us, our heirs and successors, may have power and authority in and within the countries, ter- 

Letters Patent of 3rd James I., 1605, to James Hamilton, Esa. ix 

ritories, lands, tenements, and hereditaments aforesaid, from time to time, to build, repair, sustain, 
amend, and re-edify, as often as to him the said James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, shall seem 
expedient, all, every, such, and so many castles, forts, houses, edifices, defences, and bulwarks, of, in, 
or upon any the several parcels of the premises such, the like, and as many as to the said James Ha- 
milton, his heirs or assigns, being English or Scotch, or of EngHsh or Scotch extraction, as afore- 
said, and every of them, shall seem expedient ; and in such castles, forts, houses, defences, and 
bulwarks, to put, place, renew, and constitute so many such, the like, and as many arms and guns, 
cannon, and other ammunition whatsoever, and in the said castles, forts, houses of defence, and bul- 
warks, to appoint and place such and so many men, armed and unarmed, being in our faith and allegi- 
ance, for the defence and maintenance of the said castles, forts, houses of defence, and bulwarks, for 
ever, as to the said James Hamillon, his heirs and assigns, as aforesaid, shall seem expedient, any 
statute, act, ordinance, usage, law, or custom, to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding. 

We will also, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do grant and command, 
that the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, being EngHsh or Scotch, or of the blood of 
English or Scotch, as aforesaid, may have and hold, and every of them may have and hold, all and 
singular gifts, grants, liberties, acquittances, franchises, and immunities, as aforesaid, and all and 
singular, and every of such, they may fully enjoy and use, without any impeachment, impediment, 
molestation, or grievance, of us, our heirs or successors, or of our justices, escheators, sheriffs, or 
other bailiffs, or ministers of us, our heirs or successors, whomsoever. 

And, further. We will, and for us, our heirs and successors, We do grant, that upon the exhibition 
or showing of these our letters patent, or the enrolment thereof, as well before us in the Chancery of 
us, our heirs and successors, as before the Justices of both Benches, of us, our heirs and successors, 
within our kingdom of Ireland, and before the Treasurer and Barons of our Exchequer, of us, our 
heirs and successors, within our said kingdom of Ireland, and before the Treasurer and Barons of our 
Exchequer, of us, our heirs and successors, within our kingdom of England, and also before our 
Justices and Commissioners of us, our heirs and successors, as well in all and singular, the courts of 
us, our heirs and successors, and places of record within our said kingdom of England, or within our 
said kingdom of Ireland, as in all and every other the courts and places throughout our whole king- 
dom of England, and throughout our whole kingdom of Ireland, for anything in the said letters 
patent contained or specified, these our letters patent, and all grants in the same contained and speci- 
fied, especially and immediately to the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, being 
English or Scotch, or of the blood of English or Scotch, and not mere Irish (said Con O'Neale and 
his heirs excepted), shall be fully taken and allowed ; and that the aforesaid Treasurers, Barons, 
Justices, Commissioners, and other persons whomsoever, to whom it belongeth, due allowance of, and 
in all the premises from time to time, do make, or cause to be made, and that he, the said James Ha- 
milton, his heirs and assigns aforesaid, may have authority, power, and liberty of nominating and 
giving names to all and singular the premises, and every part thereof, and that the premises and 
every parcel thereof, so as aforesaid nominated, shall be known, taken, and named, as well in all our 
courts as elsewhere, by such name or names as the said James Hamilton, his heirs or assigns, to the 
premises aforesaid, or any part thereof, shall have given, nominated, or attributed, any ordinance, 
nomination, appellation, name, or names of the premises, or any parcel thereof, in anywise notwith- 

And, further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion. We will, 
and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, his 
heirs and assigns, that these our letters patent, or the enrolment thereof, shall be in and by all things 
firm, good, valid, sufficient, and effectual in the law towards and against us, our heirs and successors, 
as well in all our courts as elsewhere within our said kingdom, without any other confirmation, license, 
or toleration from us, our heirs or s\iccessors hereafter, by the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs or 
assigns aforesaid, or either of them, to be procured or obtained : Notwithstanding the ill-naming, or 
ill-reciting, or not reciting the aforesaid countries, territories, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, 
and the rest of the premises, or any parcel thereof : And notwithstanding the not finding of any offices 
or inquisitions of the premises, or of any parcel thereof, by which our title, or of any or either of our 
progenitors, ought to have been found before the making of these our letters patent : And notwith- 
standing the not naming, not reciting, ill-naming, or ill-reciting any demise or demises, grant or grants 
for the term of life, lives, or years, or in fee tail, or otherwise, of the premises, or of any parcel thereof, 

X General Appendix 

by us, or by any of our progenitors, or by any other person or persons, heretofore made to any person 
or persons, being of record or not of record, and notwithstanding the ill-naming or not naming any 
town, village, hamlet, parish, place, or country, in all or any of which the premises or any parcel there- 
of are or do lye ; and notwithstanding that of the names of the farmers, or occupiers of the premises, 
or of the said territories, countries, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, or other the premises, or any 
parcel thereof, full true and certain mention be not made ; and notwithstanding any defects in the 
certainty, computation, or declaration of the true annual value of the premises, or any parcel thereof, 
or the annual rents reserved of or upon the premises, or of or upon any parcel thereof, in these our 
letters patent expressed or contained, or not expressed ; and notwithstanding any other defects what- 
soever, and notwithstanding a statute in a Parliament of our Lord Henry, late King of England the 
Sixth, our progenitor, in the i8th year of his reign, at Westminster, made and provided, and in our 
kingdom of Ireland aforesaid, amongst other things, established and confirmed : And notwithstanding 
any other statute or statutes whatever, and notwithstanding the not rightly naming the nature, kind, 
species, quantity, or quality of the premises, or any parcel thereof, or any other thing, cause, or matter 
whatsoever, in any wise notwithstanding : Although express mention of the true yearly value, or of the 
certainty of the premises, or any of them, or of any other gifts or grants by us, or by any of our pro- 
genitors, to the said James Hamilton heretofore made, in these presents be in no wise made, any 
statute, act, ordinance, or provision, or any other thing, cause, or matter whatsoever to the contrary 
of the premises made, in anywise notwithstanding. In witness whereof, we have caused these our 
letters to be made patent : Witness our aforesaid Deputy-General, of our kingdom of Ireland, at Dublin, 
the fifth day of November, in the 3rd year of our reign of England, France, and Ireland, and of Scot- 
land the 39th. By virtue of the letters of the Lord the King, sent from England, and signed by his 
proper hand. 

No. II. 


Charles, by the grace of God, of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the 
Faith, &c. : To all to whom these our present Letters shall come, greeting : Know ye that We, as well for 
and in consideration of the good, true, faithful, and acceptable service heretofore frequently done and 
performed for our father James, lately King, of happy memory, for us and our crown, by our well 
beloved and very faithful cousin and counsellor James Viscount Claneboy, in the county of Down, in 
the province of Ulster, in our kingdom of Ireland, and one of the Privy Council of our said kingdom 
of Ireland, as for divers other good causes and considerations, us to these presents specially moving, 
of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have given, granted, confirmed, and released, 
and by these presents, for us our heirs and successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the afore- 
said James Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, for ever, the entire lately dissolved Monastery 
or Abbey of Bangor, in the county of Down, in our said kingdom of Ireland, and the whole circuit 
ambit and precincts of the said late monastery, with their rights, members, and appurtenances whatso- 
ever, and all and singular the towns, villages, hamlets, places, messuages, tenements, and heredita- 
ments following, either known, called, or named by the names following, or lying, being, coming, or 
renewing in the towns, hamlets, or places following, in our said county of Down, in our kingdom of 
Ireland, viz. :— Bangor, Balleportavo or Balleportobo, Ballyfoderlies or Ballepheoderlie, Ballemynitragh, 
Ballemynultragh, Carrowreagh, Carroworlag, Ballow near the sea, Ballimulleragh or Gilgroumsport, 

Letters Patent of Charles I. to James Viscount Claneboy. xi 

Ballemacormick or Ballemacosmaghs, Balle M'Connell or Balk M'Koneile, Ballecroghan, Ballyhol- 
viev or Ballchomie, Ballynaghie or Ballenenoghnie or Ballemenaghne, Balleonerie or Ballenriogh or 
Ballenyrie, Ballenegrangcogh, Ballerecny or Balliocrane, Ballow near Bangor, Carrownesuire or Car- 
rowneser, Carrowknockanduff or Carrowslanclarkanduffe, Carrownesh-roy or CoUosenesaran, Balle- 
monecarogie or Monycaragh or Ballcmonycaragh, Ballekawgeile or Ballefraghoguile, Ballclis- 
"bane or Ballinlisselane, Ballebarne or Ballenebernen, Ballinecamanleagh or Ballccamanedcagh, 
Ballekillare or Ballincellor, Ballesallagh, Ballemullan or Ballemulla, Ballevernon or Ballcvcrnocke, 
Balleliddie, Ballecrott, Balleskelly or Ballyskally, and Ballygilbert, and also all and singular the towns, 
villages, and places following, as well spiritual as temporal, viz. : — Ballemeaghan or Ballemegh, Balle- 
machoris, and Ballemajor or Ballemacer, lying in or near the plains of Belfast, with their appurtenances, 
and also the whole of the Grange called Earbeg in our County of Antrim, of our said kingdom of Ireland : 
And also all the the islands called Copeland Islands, lying and being near the bay of Carrickfergus, In 
said County of Antrim, with all and singular their lands, tenements, and appurtenances whatsoever ; 
and also the Rectory of Ballelughan or Balleurgegan, in Lecale, with the tithes of Balleurgegan, and 
Corbally, belonging to same Rectory, parcel of the possession of the Abbey of Bangor aforesaid, and 
Ballemeghan in said Cbunty of Down, with all their rights, members, and appurtenances whatsoever : 
And also the whole of the Church or Chapel of Cregevada, and the tithes of the four towns fol- 
lowing, viz.: — Ballycregavada, Ballerobert, Balledevie, and Ballegreney, and Ballehcmony, pertaining to 
said Monastery of Bangor : And also all the tithes of grain and hay, and all other things titheable in 
certain isles called the Orunglines, lying and being in the Irish Sea, near the Route in said County of 
Antrim, and the whole of the impropriation of the Rectory or Chapel of Holywood, with the tithes of 
the towns folloAving, viz. : — Ballecultra in the Great Ards, Ballemanagh, Ballekeile, Ballinderry, and 
Balleknocknegony, and all the tithes of all the fish taken or imported on the south shore of the Bay 
of Knockfergus or Carrickfergus, from the Copeland Isles to the passage of Belfast; and the ferry 
from the town of Bangor to and from Knockfergus and Antrim side ; also the advowson of all the 
Vicarages in all and singular the parochial towns or villages aforesaid, with their tithes, obventions^ 
and appurtenances whatsoever. 

We have given, also granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirS 
and successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, all our towns, villages, hamlets, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, and hereditaments what- 
soever, either in the precincts of the Great Ards, and Upper Clandeboy, or either of them, in said 
County of Down, heretofore lately belonging or appertaining to the Abbey or Monasteiy of Bangor, 
being either as member, part, or parcel of said late Monastery ever heretofore had, known, received, 
occupied, used or enjoyed, or being ever before this parcel of the possession of said late Monastery or 
Abbey : Also, all and singular the tithes of grain and hay, and other things titheable whatsoever, and 
all other tithes whatsoever, in all and singular the towns, villages, hamlets, places, lands, and tene- 
ments aforesaid, and annually coming, growing, or renewing, now or heretofore belonging or apper- 
taining to said late Monastery or Abbey, with their appurtenances whatsoever, and all tithes what- 
soever belonging or appertaining to the said late Monastery or Abbey of Bangor. 

We have given, also granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid James Viscount Claneboy, his heirs 
and assigns, the whole of the late dissolved Priory or religious house of Holywood, in our aforesaid 
County of Down, in our said kingdom of Ireland, and the whole site, circuit, ambit, and precincts of the 
said late Priory or religious house of Holywood, with its rights, members, and appurtenances what- 
soever : And also all the towns, villages, hamlets, and places, with their appurtenances, viz. : — Balli- 
keele alias Ballkegill, Ballemacken or Ballemenagh, Ballecultrack or Ballecultra or Ballacktragath, 
Ballindery or Ballidory, BaUiorcknegony or Balliknocknegonie, lying and being in the aforesaid County 
of Down, with all and singular their members and appurtenances whatsoever, and all the towns, villages, 
hamlets, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, and hereditaments whatsoever, ever heretofore belong- 
ing or appertaining to the late Priory or religious house of Holywood, in said County of Down, either 
as member, part, or parcel of said late Priory being at any time heretofore had, known, received, oc- 
cupied, used or enjoyed, or being ever before this parcel of the possession of said late Priory ; also all 
and singular the tithes of grain and hay, and other things titheable whatsoever, in all and singular the 
towns, villages, places, lands, ten-ements, or farms, annually coming, growing, or renewing, with their 
appurtenances whatsoever, formerly belonging or appertaining to the said late Priory or religious house 
of Holywood. 


^jj General Appendix. 

We have given, also granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assio-ns, the whole of the impropriation of the Rectory of Balleoran in our aforesaid County of Down, 
in our said kingdom of Ireland, with all and singular the tithes in the towns, villages, hamlets, places, 
lands, and tenements following, with their appurtenances, viz. :— Balleoran, Neravy, Winnecarvelle, 
and Lisbreeden, in the territories of Hughtubrickey in our County of Down aforesaid ; a,nd also the 
entire appropriation of the Rectory of Kilconby or Kircubin, with all and singular the tithes in the 
towns, villages, and places following, to the same appertaining, viz. :— the tithes of Kilconby or Kir- 
cubin, and Ballerunelin, in the territory of the Great Ards aforesaid. 

We have o-iven, also granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
successors, do^give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, the whole impropriation of the Rectory of Coolgrange, or Grange, in the Great Ards, near 
Blackst'affe ; and all and singular the tithes of all the towns, villages, hamlets, and lands of Ravarra, 
Carrowreagh, and Ballecloghan, lying in or near the plains of Belfast, and of Rowbane and Roureagh 
in the Great Ards ; and also the entire appropriation of the Rectory of Drumroan, with all and singu- 
lar the tithes in the towns and villages of Drumroan, and Balleleggan, in the Great Ards, in the afore- 
said County of Down, in our said kingdom of Ireland. 

We have given, also granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs 
and successors, do give, grant, confii-m, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, all the rectories, towns, villages, hamlets, places, lands, tenements, tithes, and hereditaments 
follo^ving, as well spiritual as temporal, parcels of the late dissolved Abbey or religious house of 
Comber, viz : — Ballenagratris, Corrownesuir, BallcuUentry, and Ballenicall, and all the tithes of all 
the towns, villages, lands, and places following, viz :^BaUeristoll, Ballegrangiogh, Balbelisleyne, 
Ballekiell, Ballemanagh, Balletulehubert, Ballemaglagh, Ballahigill, Ballidrumcheriff, half Ballygraffin, 
Ballibeen, Ballemagheriscowe or Ballemaheristowe, Ballegowne or Ballegowan : And also as much of 
the tithes belonging to the impropriation of the Rectory of Tanaghum as come, grow, or renew from 
any towns, villages, hamlets, lands, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, of the said Viscount 
Claneboy. . 

We have given, moreover granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs 
and successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, all the tithes of fish taken or imported on the southern side of the river of Comber, and as 
far as the lands and hereditaments of the said Viscount extend, and as much of the tithes of the im- 
propriation of the Rectories of Killanie and Drum in the Lagan, as renew from any lands or here- 
ditaments, of said Viscount Claneboy. 

We have given, also granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, all and singular the towns, villages, places, messuages, rectories, lands, tenements, and here- 
ditaments following, as well spiritual as temporal, viz :— The town of Balliwalter, parcel of the pos- 
session of the late dissolved Abbey or religious house of Greyabbey, in the Great Ards aforesaid, a 
quarter of the land called Carrowclogher, in the parish of Whitechurch, a quarter of the land called 
Carrownemoan, in the parish of Talbots-Town, a quarter of the land called Carow-John-Boestie, in 
the town of Drumroan aforesaid, and another quarter called St. John's Quarter, in Fuloghkean, and 
another quarter of land called Carrownilhead, or St. John's Quarter, in Kiloogin, in the Great Ards. 

We have also granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, all and singular, the impropriations of the Rectories following, parcel of the possession of the 
dissolved Monastery, or religious house of Blackabbey, in the Great Ards, viz., the impropriation of 
the Rectory of Ballyhalbert, to which appertain two third parts of the tithes of the towns of Balleas- 
pragh, Ballehalbert, Ballenchaw, Balleportovogie or Multaghmore, BaUinepinge or Negullogh, Balle- 
glasseragh, Ballegraffan, Ballechamlin and Ballyrodeny ; also the entire impropriation of the Rectory 
of Whitechurch or Templeffin, to which appertain two third parts of the tithes of the towns of Balle- 
obekin, Balle M'Gown, Balleatwart, Ballefi'erish, Balledownon, Templeffin or Whitechurch, Listno- 
ganoy, and Kilbrate in the Great Ards : Also the entire impropriation of the Rectory of Inniscargie, 
to which appertain two third parts of the tithes of the towns of Ballylimpt, Ballegarngan, Ballefister, 
Carawncskra, Carrownacalliogh, and Inniscargie or Nikellen. 

Letters Patent of Charles I. to James Viscount Claneboy. iCni 

We have given, moreover granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our 
heirs and successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his 
heirs and assigns, the advowsons, donations, right of patronage, and free disposal of the several 
Vicarages in the several churches of Ballyhalbert or Talbotstown, Templeffin or Whitechurch, and 
Inniscargie, and all the tithes of every kind of fish taken or imported inland, or in the maritime places 
in or near the lands and hereditaments belonging to the said Viscount Claneboy, in the Great Ards, 
as well upon Loughcoyne side, as upon the side towards the main sea. 

We have also given, granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, the impropriation of the Rectory of Ballewhillerat or Ballecollor, and Ballewhinneragh, with 
the advowsons, donations, and rights of patronage of the vicarage of said Rectory of Ballegalgat and 
Grangeowter, with their appurtenances, and all the two-third parts of the tithes of the towns and lands 
following, viz. : — Ballequintein, Balletullecavnan, Balledoke, Balletussclie, Balletawara, half of the 
towns of Ouintagh, ToUemartar, and Carowmanert, with the advowson of said Rectory of Grangeowter. 

We have also given, granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, the impropriation of the Rectory of Rathmullen, together with the advowsons of said Rectory, 
with all the tithes of the towns and lands following, viz. :— Rathmullen, Ballefunston or Luchanstown 
or Luckanstowne, Ballenibrit, Ballevaston, St. Johnstown, Killagh, and Blunketstown or Plunkets- 
town : Also, the advowsons, donations, right of patronage, and free disposal of all the Rectories and 
Vicarages of the several churches and chapels of Dundonnell, Knockcollumkil, Bredagh, Blaris, and 
Tawnaghum ; and also the ferry over the river Strangford, together with the tithes of fish and fishing 
of said river : We have also given, granted, confirmed, and released, and by these presents, for us, our 
heirs and successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs 
and assigns, all rectories, tithes, advowsons, hereditaments, and hereditary possessions whatsoever, 
lying, being, renewing, or in any manner coming in, of, or from any towns, villages, hamlets, or lands 
in the occupation or possession of said Viscount Claneboy, or his tenants, in the said territory of the 
Upper Clandeboy, or in the territory of the Great and Little Ards, or either of them, with their appur- 
tenances whatsoever. 

And, further, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion. We have 
given, granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do 
give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, all and 
singular the towns, villages, hamlets, places, messuages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments following, 
either known, called, or mentioned by the names following, or lying, being, coming, or renewing in the 
towns, villages, hamlets or places following, viz. : — Ballecregavadie, Ballerobert, Balledavie, Ballenegreny, 
Ballycloghans or Ballecloghan, Ballehacamur or Ballechakomer, Carrowmullur, Carrowcarne, Carrow- 
tagart, Ballinechallen, Ballelisneska or Ballyhugh or Balleslionikagh, Ballereagin or Ballerigin, Balle- 
dimdonnell, Balliemalady or Balledimlady, Ballecarrowreagh or Carowreagh, Carowkilneveagh, Balle- 
oron, Ballenarany, or Ballererain, Ballelisbraden, Ballewnincawell or Ballemoneycarrel, Ballycaslanbeg, 
Ballebaines, BallrestoU, Ballenegrange, Ballemarane or Ballemullare, Ballelisleyne, Ballekeyle, Bally- 
tullyhubbart, Ballebyn, Ballegastrum or Balleglassdromon or Balleglassdornen, the half town of 
Balleacrogie or Balleaghrogie, Ballelagegoan, Balledrumcheriff, Ballenegassan, Ballechigill, Ballema- 
cheriscowe, Ballegowne, Carrickmanan or Ballecarrickmanen, the half town or part of a town of 
Aghinderragh, the half town of Ravarragh, Balleguntnaglare or Tulloughcaphinan, the half town of 
Ballenarevy or Ballenecrevagh, viz., Caroownan, and Carrowcreve, the half town of Killinchin or 
Killinsey, Ballysugue, a moiety or half part of Ballygraffon, Balleportovogie or Mulloghmore, Balle- 
fringe or NeguUogh, Ballehalbert, Balleuspragh, Ballyneglassnagh, Rowbane, Rowreagh, Ballefister, 
Ballegrangeogh or Coolegrange, Carrownesser, Ballecircubin or Kilconby, BallemuUen, Carownecalli- 
ogh, Ballecarngan or Ballegarvegan, Iniscargieor Nikellen, Ballelump, Ballehamlin, Ballerodeny, Ballen- 
gin or Ballehiggin, Balleobikin or Drumroan, Ballenigowne, Balleotwart, Balledownover, Balleferish, 
Balletullycarnan or Listiagnewe, Templefinn or Whitechurch, half of Balleganevy, and half of Bal- 
lekilbraten, with their appurtenances whatsoever, which same premises last mentioned are lying and 
being in the aforesaid territory or precinct of the Upper Clandeboy and the Great Ards, in the County 
of Down aforesaid. 

We have also given, granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, oirr heirs and 

jiiv General Appendix. 

successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the said Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, 
all and singular the manors, castles, messuages, towns, villages, hamlets, lands, tenements, and here- 
ditaments whatsoever, with their rights, members, and appurtenances whatsoever, in the aforesaid 
precincts of the great Ards, in the said County of Down, situate, lying, and being in the southern part 
or side the same territory or precincts of the Great Ards aforesaid, being divided by the mears and 
bounds following, viz. : — beginning at the mear or march between the Gray Abbey and the Great Ards, 
in or near the middle of a bog to the southern end of shrubs in the bog aforesaid, which same bog, 
called Carrownenowan, is also the march between the lands of Gray Abbey and the Great Ards, and 
from thence towards north-east, through a certain trench or dyke, in or near the middle of said bog, 
equally between two islands, called Island Vicar on the southern, and Horse Island on the northern 
part, and so from thence towards the east and north-east, through said trench or dyke in the middle 
of the bog aforesaid, to the forde calledAkillbroughtaine, and stops at the source of the revulet 
called Owenganvoy, which same rivulet is the mear or division between the two, about the middle 
of the aforesaid territory or precincts of the Great Ards aforesaid, until said rivulet descends into the 
main sea. 

And, further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, We 
have given, granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, 
do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, all our 
towns, villages, hamlets, messuages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments following, with their appur- 
tenances whatsoever, viz. : — Ballebredagh, Balle-Knock-Collomkill, Ballemacarrett, Balleconekroy, 
Ballycre^yalickavrick, Balledrynan or Ballemegaymar, Balledrumincleg, Ballehesagh or Lough Hanie, 
Ballelesdangan or Ballelisgan, of which the parcel of land called Tannaghiren is a quarter, Ballelage- 
goan, Balleneglissan, Ballegalwally, Carowdorne, Levalle, Crevilloughgar, Ballenmughlagh or Balle- 
molaugh, Balledygginor, Balledyen, and Tollevastekynagh : We have also given, granted, confirmed, 
and released, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give, grant, confirm, and 
release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, an half or moiety of BalleduUaghan, 
Ballecowan, Ballenelesson, Ballenecargie or Ballelisnademan, Ballenecarne or Drumbeckly, Balle- 
haughliske, Balleclogher, Balledowneagh, the half of the half-town of Lisnegnol, and a moiety of all 
the towns and lands following, viz. : — Balledrumber, all Betullenecrosse, Balleblansh or Templeblansh, 
Ballenacrossan, Ballenegarrick or Balle-M' Car rick or Balle M'Garge or Ballyneganvey, Ballecarrick- 
madery, Carricknaveag, Ballelisdrum, Loghan or Lisbane, Balleloghgar or Balletanaghmore, Balle- 
caghan or Ballecaried, Levallekilleny, Ballecreviargan, Listowdrie, or Ballelistowdrie, Ballenebarnes, 
Drumgiven or Drumvence or Drumrevan, Ballecarnganan, Carrowduffe or Thyduffe or Hughdufife, 
Carrowlaverogge, Carrowedenderry, Balledrumbeg or Ballegrumbeg, Levalles, TuUegowrie, Balleden- 
iskeagh or Balleskeaghan or Balliskeagh, Lattefeaghs, Balledunkinmurick, Dolloghmurick, Ballehe- 
nieve or Carrowtulliarde or Carrowlisnoad, Ballemickareveine, Ballelisneshrean, Ballekillenaire, 
Carrickenesassanough, Balledowncan or Lisamany or Ballekill, Balleoghly or Fairtown or Ballenenay, 
Ballenelessan, quarter of TuUowre or Tullour, Balleknockan, and Augleshin, which same premises last 
mentioned are situate, lying, and being in the country or precincts of Slewght O'Neill's or Slut Neales, 
in the territory of Upper Clandeboy, in the aforesaid county of Down, in our said kingdom of Ireland: 
We have given, moreover, granted, confirmed, and released, and by these presents, for us, our heirs 
and successors, do give, grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, one moiety or equal half of all trees, woods, and underwoods, in said territory of Slewght 
O'Neill's or Slut Neales, in the aforesaid territory of Upper Clandeboy, in the County of Down 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, We have 
given, granted, confirmed, and released, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give, 
grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, all and singular 
the nianors, castles, towns, villages, hamlets, lands, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, as well 
spiritual as temporal, in the aforesaid territory of the Upper Clandeboy and the Great and Little Ards 
aforesaid, or either or any of them, in the aforesaid County of Down, with their rights, members, and 
appurtenances whatsoever, being in the occupation of the said Viscount or his tenants, or from which 
the aforesaid Viscount has received the rents or profits, by reason or pretext of any letters patent hereto- 
fore made or granted, or mentioned to be made or granted, to the said Viscount, by us, or our very 
dear father, late King of happy memory, and which the said Viscount has, holds, or occupies for his own 

Letters Patent of Charles I. to James Viscount Claneboy. xv 

portion or division, or by reason of any division of the premises above by these presents before granted, 
or of any parcel thereof, heretofore made, or mentioned to be made, between said Viscount Claneboy 
and Sir Hugh Montgomery of Newton, in the aforesaid County Down, Knight, now Viscount Ards. 

And further, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we have given, 
granted, confirmed, and released, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give, 
grant, confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, all and ,ingular, 
the rectories, churches, chapels, vicarages, tithes great and small, oblations, obventions, fruits, and 
profits whatsoever, situate, lying, and being, coming, growing, renewing, arising, or happening, of, in, 
or within the aforesaid castles, manors, towns, villages, hamlets, and places above granted, or men- 
tioned to be granted, of, in, or within the territory or precincts of the Upper Clandeboy and the Great 
and Little Ards, or either of them, with their appurtenances whatsoever, and all and singular the 
advowsons, donations, and free disposal of all and singular other churches and vicarages aforesaid, and 
all other advowsons, donations, free disposal of all and singular other chapels and vicarages aforesaid, 
and all other advowsons, donations, free disposal of all and singular other churches, vicarages, chapels, 
hospitals, and other benefices and churches whatsoever, in the aforesaid castles, manors, towns, vil- 
lages, hamlets, and places above granted, or mentioned to be granted, of, in, or within the aforesaid 
precincts or territories of the Upper Clandeboy and Great Ards aforesaid, or either of them. 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion. We have 
granted, confirmed, and released, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give, grant, 
confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, all the manors, castles, 
towns, villages, hamlets, places, lands, tenements, and hereditaments following, either known, 
called, or mentioned by the names following, or lying, being, coming, or renewing in the towns, 
villages, hamlets, or places following, viz., Ballymena, Ballehalckin or TuUeharme, Ballymuloch 
or Mullogh, Corbally, Ballecaslan-William or Castle-WilHam, Balhnecarlie or Ballenecabry, Killi- 
leagh, Renechady or Rinchady, Tulfoughmore-Macmartin, Ballyrathconevan or Ballyrathconegan, 
Ballymacorbwell, or Ballymacromwell, Ringduffrin or Mylortin, Ballyomeron and Ballyneron or Bally- 
maccoran, Rathgoronan, Ballikilltenegan or Ballynegan, Carrowreagh, Carrickruske or Carrick- 
ruskie, Killinchy, Ballowe, Ballyoshen or Ballymashen, Ballemaccacrebye or Ballemmaccrelye, Bally- 
agullen or CarrowguUen, Ballibregagh, Balliegan or Billelisgowne or Ballegigon, Lisduffe, Balletoy 
or Ballycoy, Ballecley, Ballealough, Tullineagh, Callerogan, Castlenof, Ballycallegin or Ballecalogan 
BallemuUan, Ballehallyard, Ardegon, Ballybrowne or Tullevery, Balletrim, Ballereagh or Reaghe, 
Quoyle, Mamor, Rathkirron, Balliclownty or Clowntagh, Balledromore, Balletagagh or Carrickedowe, 
Maumore or Maghmore, Tullicowise or Tullemacknow, Killcanon or Skilltanan, Uereboy, Balleherman, 
Killanreas, Rinchady, Islandmore, Islandmacshagh, Island-Davanagh or Inishdavan or Strevanan, 
Island-Daragh, Island-Conly, Island-Ringhady, Island-Reagh, and Innismacattarge, which same 
premises last mentioned are situate, lying, and being in the country or precinct called The Dufferin or 
Dufferins, in the aforesaid County of Down, in our said Kingdom of Ireland. 

We have also given, granted, confirmed, and released, and by these presents for us, our heirs and 
successors, do give, grant, confirm, and nelease, to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and 
assigns, the tithes of all sorts of fish taken and landed in the bays and creeks of Dufferin, in Lough 
Coyne, the advowsons, donations, rights of patronage, and free disposal of the rectories, vicarages, 
chapels, and churches of Killileagh, Killandreas, Renechedy or Killinchienamagree, in the territory 
of Dufferin aforesaid, in the said county Down ; and all and singular the tythes of the towns following, 
in the Upper Clandeboy aforesaid, belonging and appertaining to the rectory of Killinchie-Nemaigrie, 
in the territory of The Dufferin aforesaid, viz. : the tythes of the towns of Carrickmannon, Drumcreagh, 
Rafry, Killinchie-Nikely, Ravarra, Ballicloughan, Leveallgown or Leveallg, Achindara or Drumcahie, 
with their appurtenances whatsoever ; also all other rectories, churches, vicarages, chapels, tythes great 
and small, oblations, obventions, fruits and profits whatsoever, situate, lying, and being, commg, grow- 
ing, renewing, or arising of or within the aforesaid castles, manors, towns, hamlets, islands and places 
above granted, or mentioned to be granted, of, in, or within the country or precinct of Dufferm or 
Dufferins, with their appurtenances whatsoever, and all and singular other the churches, chapels, and 
vicarages aforesaid, and all other advowsons, donations, free disposal of all and singular other churches, 
vicarages, chapels, hospitals, and other benefices and churches in the aforesaid castles, manors, towns, 
villages, hamlets, islands, and places above granted, of, in, or within the aforesaid precmct or country 
of The Dufferin, in the aforesaid County Down, in our Kingdom of Ireland. 

xyi General Appendix. 

And further, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we have 
given, granted, confirmed, and released, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do 
give, grant, confirm, and release to the said Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, all and singular 
our castles, messuages, houses, edifices, mills, structures, barns, stables, dovehouses, orchards, pom- 
aries, gardens, lands, tenements, meadows, feedings, pasturages, commons-lands, demesne-lands, 
glebes, waters, briers, moors, marshes, woods, underwoods, and trees, and all the land, ground, and 
soil of said woods, underwoods, and trees, advowsons, donations, tythes of corn and grain in sheaf, 
and hay, wool, flax, hemp, calves, lambs, and all other tithes of all other things tytheable, great and 
small, also oblations, obventions, fruits, profits, commodities, waters, watercourses, fisheries, fishings, 
suits, liberty of jurisdiction, mulctures, minerals, quarries, rents, reversions, and services, rents-charge, 
rents-seek, and rents and services as well of free as customary tenants, works of tenants, farms, fee- 
farms, knight's fees, wardships, marriages, annuities, escheats, reliefs, heriots, fines, amerciaments, 
courts-leet, views of frankpledge, courts-leets, perquisites, and profits, and other things appertaining 
to courts leet and views of frankpledge, chattels, waifs, estrays, goods and chattels of felons, and fugi- 
txves, filons-dc-SL', outlaws, and put in exigent, deodands, natives, and villeins with their sequels, es- 
tovers, and commons of estover, fairs, markets, tolls, customs, rights of jurisdiction, franchises, 
privileges, exemptions, profits, commodities, emoluments, and hereditaments whatsoever, with their 
appurtenances whatsoever, of whatsoever kind, nature, or species they may be, or by whatsoever 
names they are ordained, considered, called, or known, situate, lying, and being, coming, growing, or 
arising of, in, or within the castles, manors, monasteries, abbeys, priories, rectories, granges, territories, 
precincts, towns, villages, hamlets, plains, places, or parishes, and other the premises aforesaid, by 
these presents before granted, or mentioned to be granted, of, in, or within any of them, or in any man- 
ner belonging, appertaining, happening, appendmg, or inclining to the aforesaid castles, manors, mo- 
nasteries, abbeys, priories, granges, rectories, towns, messuages, lands, tenements, and other the pre- 
mises above by these presents granted, or mentioned to be gi'anted, or being ever heretofore had, 
known, received, occupied, or reputed as member, part, or parcel of said premises above by these 
presents granted, or any of them ; also our reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders what- 
soever, of all and singular the aforesaid castles, manors, monasteries, abbeys, priories, granges, rec- 
tories, towns, messuages, lands, tenements, and other the premises above by these presents before- 
granted, and every parcel thereof, weighed and considered, of, in, and upon any gift or gifts, grant or 
grants, discharge or discharges whatsoever, or any of the premises, or any parcel thereof, ever hereto- 
fore made or granted, of record or not of record : Also all and singular rents and annual profits what- 
soever reserved upon any discharge or grant of the premises by these presents above granted, or any 
parcel thereof howsoever made, being of record or not of record, and also all and singular rents and 
annual profits whatsoever recovered upon any discharge or grant of the premises by these presents 
above granted, or any part thereof, howsoever made, being of record or not of record, and the rents 
and yearly profits of all and singular the premises and every parcel thereof 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion. We have given,' 
granted, confirmed, and released, and by these presents, for^s, our heirs and successors, do give, grant, 
confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, that he, the said Viscount 
for the rest for ever may have, hold, and enjoy, and can and may have, hold, and enjoy, within the aforesaid 
castles, manors, monasteries, rectories, granges, towns, villages, lands, tenements, territories, precincts, 
places, and hereditaments aforesaid, and within other the premises above by these presents before granted, 
or mentioned to be granted, and within any parcel of the same, such and such like courts leet, views of 
frankpledge, hundred courts, courts baron, law days, assizes, and the assay of bread, wine, and all 
chattels, waifs, estrays, chattels of felons, and fugitives, felons de se, and put in exigent, deodands, 
escheats, reliefs, heriots, free-warrens, free-parks, and freedom of warren and parks, commons of pas- 
ture, commons of turbary, commons of estover, and all rights and jurisdictions, franchises, liberties, 
customs, profits, privileges, commodities, annuities, advantages, emoluments, and hereditaments what- 
soever, as fully, freely, and entirely, and in as ample manner and form as any Abbot of the late monas- 
tery, or late Prior of the aforesaid late Priory or religious house of Hollywood, or the aforesaid James 
Viscount Claneboy, by the name of Sir James Hamilton, Knight, or any other the aforesaid manors, 
castles, monasteries, abbeys, priories, rectories, towns, territories, places, precincts, messuages, lands, 
tenements, and other the premises by these presents before granted or mentioned to be granted, or 
any parcel thereof, ever before the having, possessing, or occupying, or being seized thereof, ever have 

Letters Patent of Charles I. to James Viscount Claneboy. xvii 

had, held, used, or enjoyed, or ought to have, hold, use, or enjoy in the territories, precincts, towns, 
villages, hamlets, and places aforesaid, either in the premises by these presents before granted or 
mentioned to be granted, or any parcel thereof, ever before the having, possessing, or occupying, or 
being seized thereof, ever have had, held, used, or occupied, or ought to have, hold, use, or enjoy, in 
the territories, precincts, towns, villages, hamlets, and places aforesaid, either in the premises by these 
presents before granted, or mentioned to be granted, or in any parcel thereof, by reason or pretext of 
any charters or letters patent, or of any gift, grant, or confirmation by us, our very dear father, or by 
any other our progenitors or ancestors, heretofore made, granted, or confirmed, or by reason or pre- 
text of any lawful prescription, use, or custom heretofore had or used, or otherwise by whatsoever 
legal manner, right, or title, as fully, freely, and entirely, and in as ample manner and form as we or 
any of our progenitors or ancestors, or the aforesaid abbott and prior, or either of them, or the afore- 
said Viscount Claneboy, have had, used, and enjoyed, or ought to have, use, and enjoy, in the afore- 
said manors, monasteries, castles, messuages, lands, tenements, and other singular the premises above 
by these presents before granted, or mentioned to be granted, or in every or any parcel thereof. 

And further, of our more ample special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion. We have given, 
granted, confirmed, and released, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give, grant, 
confirm, and release to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, in all and singular the 
premises above by these presents before granted, and in every parcel thereof, so many and such like 
courts, liberties, customs, profits, privileges, or commodities, immunities, emoluments, powers, autho- 
rities, licenses, and hereditaments whatsoever, as fully, freely, and entirel)^, and in as ample manner 
and form as before mentioned to be granted by the letters patent bearing date at Westminster, the 
14th day of March, in the nineteenth year of the reign of our aforesaid very dear father. Lord James, 
late King of England, heretofore made and granted to said Viscount, by the name of Sir James 
Hamilton, Knight,"' and as many such and sim.ilar other courts, liberties, customs, profits, privileges, 
commodities, immunities, emoluments, powers, authorities, licenses, and hereditaments whatsoever, 
and as fully, freely, and entirely, and in as ample manner and form as can be found to appertain to 
said Viscount, by a certain inquisition taken at Downpatrick, in the County of Down aforesaid, the 
13th day of October in the twenty-first year of the reign of our said late father. Lord James, late 
King of England,^ and all and singular contained in same letters patent and the aforesaid inquisition, 
or either of them. We ratify, make stable, do approve, and confirm by these presents. 

And further, by these presents for us, our heirs and successors. We do give and grant to the aforesaid 
Viscount Clandeboy, his heirs and assigns, the castles, manors, monasteries, abbeys, priories, territories, 
granges, islands, towns, messuages, lands, tenements, and all and singular other the premises above 
by these, presents granted, or mentioned to be granted, with their rights, members, and appurtenances 
whatsoever, as fully, fairly, and entirely, and in as ample manner and form as all and singular said premises 
or any parcel thereof to our hands, or the hands of any of our progenitors or ancestors, by reason or pretext 
of any Act or Acts of Parliament, or by reason or pretext of any dissolution, suppression, or abandoning 
of any late monastery, abbey, or priory, or of any exchange or investigation, or of any gift or grant, or of 
any attainder, or by forfeiture, or by reason of any escheat or resumption, or by any other legal mode, 
right, or title have or ought to have come, or are now in our hands, or ought or should be : To have, 
hold, and enjoy the aforesaid territories, monasteries, abbeys, priories, rectories, granges, castles, 
islands, towns, villages, hamlets, lands, tenements, meadows, feedings, pastures, woods, underwoods, 
courts leet, views of frankpledge, liberties, rights of jurisdiction, franchises, profits, commodities, ad- 
vantages, privileges, emoluments, and hereditaments, and all and singular other the premises above 
by these presents granted, or mentioned to be granted, with their appurtenances whatsoever, to the 
aforesaid James Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, to the sole and proper use and behoof 
of said Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns for ever, the aforesaid monastery or abbey of 
Bangor, the aforesaid Priory or religious house of Hollywood, and all the lands, tenements, heredi- 
taments spiritual above by these presents before granted, or mentioned to be granted, with the appur- 
tenances, to be held of us, our heirs and successors, as of our Castle of Dublin, in our said kingdom 
of Ireland, by fealty only, in free and common soccage, and not in capite, or in soccage in captie, nor 

a This Patent, which was never enrolled in Ireland, has been lately discovered in the Rolls Chapel in England, from which a copy 
of it has been obtained, and a translation of it will be given in this Appendix. 
b A copy of this Inquisition will be also given in the Appendix. 

xviii General Appendix. 

by knights' service, nor by grand serjeanty, and the aforesaid teritories, lands, tenements, heredita- 
ments, and the before-granted temporal premises, and the territory of the Upper Clandeboy and the 
Great Ards aforesaid, in the country, precinct, or territory of the Duffren or Duffrens aforesaid, with 
their appurtenances whatsoever, to be held of us, our heirs and successors, of our Castle of Knock- 
fergus, in our said kingdom of Ireland, by fealty only, in free and common soccage, and not in capite, 
nor in soccage in capite, nor by knights' service, nor by grand serjeanty ; and to be rendered annually 
to us, our heirs and successors, of and for the aforesaid monastery or abljey of Bangor, with its rights, 
members, and appurtenances, and for all and singular the lands, tenements, hereditaments, and other the 
premises formerly belonging to the said monastery or abbey of Bangor, eight pounds current money of 
Ireland, in fee farm ; and of and for the aforesaid priory or religious house of Hollywood, with its appur- 
tenaces, and for all and singular the lands, tenements, hereditaments, and premises to said late abbey 
formerly belonging, forty shillings money aforesaid, in fee farm ; and of and for all other aforesaid 
lands, tenements, hereditaments, and other the premises, as well spiritual as temporal, lying and being 
in the territory of the Upper Clandeboy, in the Great and Little Ards aforesaid, in fee farm, seventy 
pounds current money of Ireland ; and of and for the aforesaid lands, tenements, hereditaments, and 
other the premises lying and being in the country, pi'ecinct, or territory of Slut Neales aforesaid, in fee 
farm, twenty pounds money aforesaid ; and for the aforesaid lands, tenements, hereditaments, and 
other the premises lying and being in the territory or precincts of Dufferin, one pair of gilt spurs, if it 
shall be sought or demanded, or in place of them los. money aforesaid, for all other services : All and 
singular which rents amount in the whole to £\oo Irish money, payable at the receipt of the Treasury 
of us, our heirs and successors of our said kingdom of Ireland — to wit, to the hands of the vice-trea- 
surer or general receiver of us, our heirs and successors, of our said kingdom of Ireland, for the time 
being, to be paid annually by equal portions at the feast of Saint Michael the Archangel, and Easter, and 
also to find and maintain at their own proper expenses for the temporal premises above by these pre- 
sents granted, lying in the aforesaid countries, territories, or precincts of the Upper Clandeboy in the 
Great Ards aforesaid, six good and serviceable horsemen, and ten foot-soldiers well drilled and armed, 
to attend and serve for forty days the lieutenant or deputy-general of us, our heirs and successors, of 
our said kingdom of Ireland, when said lieutenant or deputy-general, in his own proper person, shall 
make his general hostings in the province of Ulster. 

And further, of our more special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs and 
successors, We do grant to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, that neither he nor 
they nor any of them, at any time hereafter, by virtue of these our letters patent, or any other letters 
patent heretofore made to the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, of the premises by these presents before 
granted, or any parcel thereof, shall be burthened with the payment of any double rent, or with any 
double tenure, by reason of said premises, to be paid or made to us, our heirs and successors, but 
that the aforesaid Viscount, his heirs and assigns, may have, hold, and enjoy, freely and quietly, all 
and singular the premises above by these presents before granted, or inentioned to be granted, and 
every parcel thereof, with their appurtenances whatsoever, under the annual rent and tenure, and other 
reservations and conditions above reserved and mentioned, without let or hindrance of us, our heirs 
and successors, whatsoever, anything in these presents, or in any other letters patent of the premises, 
or of any parcel thereof, as appears to be made, to the contrary notwithstanding. 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion. We 
will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do grant to the aforesaid Viscount Clane- 
boye, his heirs and assigns, that he, his heirs and assigns, may have and enjoy all the premises as 
aforesaid, and that upon the exhibition and showing of these our letters patent, or the enrolment of the 
same, as well before us in the Chancery of us, our heirs and successors, as before the Justices of either 
Bench of us, our heirs and successors, of our said kingdom of Ireland, and before the treasurer and 
barons of the Exchequer of us, our heirs and successors, within our said kingdom of Ireland, and also 
before the justices and commissioners of us, our heirs and successors, as well in all and singular 
the courts of us, our heirs and successors, and places of record within our said kingdom of Ireland, 
also be:ore the justices and commissioners of us, our heirs and successors, as well in all and singular 
the courts of us, our heirs and successors, and places of record within our said kingdom, as in any 
other courts and places whatsoever throughout the kingdom of Ireland, for anything in these our 
letters patent contained or specified, these our letters patent, and all the grants therein contained 
and specified, instantly and immediately may be in force and allowed the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, 

Letters Patent of 19TH James I. to James Hamilton. xix 

his heirs and assigns, and that the aforesaid treasurer, barons, justices, commissioners, and whatso- 
ever other persons to whom it shall helong, shall make or cause to be made due allowances af all and 
singular the premises from time to time ; and that these our letters patent, or the enrolment of them, 
shall be in and through all things firm, valid, good, sufficient, and effectual in law, towards and against 
us, our heirs and successors, as well in all our courts as anywhere else within our kingdom of Ireland, 
without any confirmation, license, or toleration of us, our heirs and successors, to be procured or 
obtained by the aforesaid Viscount Claneboy, his heirs and assigns, or any of them, notwithstanding 
the ill meaning, or ill reciting, or not reciting, or not meaning, the aforesaid monasteries, abbeys, 
priories, rectories, vicarages, granges, towns, villages, hamlets, islands, territories, places, precincts, 
lands, tenements, and hereditaments, and other the premises, or any parcel thereof, and notwithstand- 
ing the not finding or ill finding the office or offices, inquisition or inquisitions of the premises, or 
any parcel thereof, by which our title, or that of any of our progenitors or ancestors, ought to be found 
before the making up of these our letters patent, and notwithstanding the ill meaning or not ill mean- 
ing, ill reciting or not ill reciting, any demise or grant, demises or grants for a term or terms, 
for a life or lives, or years, or in fee tail, or otherwise, of the premises or any parcel thereof, by us or 
any of our progenitors or predecessors, or any person or persons heretofore made to any person or 
persons, being of record or not of record, and notwithstanding the ill naming or not naming any terri- 
tories, towns, villages, precincts, villages, parishes, places, or countries in which the premises or any 
parcel thereof are situate, lie, or exist, and notwithstanding that of the names of the tenants, farmers, or 
occupiers of the premises, or any parcel thereof, full, true, and certain mention has not been made, and 
notwithstanding some defects of certainty, or computation, declaration, or omission of the true yearly 
value of the premises, or any parcel thereof, the annual rent reserved of, in, and upon, or for the pre- 
mises, or for any parcel thereof, in these our letters patent expressed and contained, or not 
expressed, and notwithstanding any other defects, and notwithstanding the statute in Parliament of 
Lord Henry the 6th, late King of England, our ancestor, made and held in the i8th year of his reign at 
Westminster, and in our kingdom of Ireland among other things established and confirmed, and not- 
withstanding the statute in Parliament of Lord Henry the 8th, late King of England, declared and 
made in the 23rd year of his reign at Limerick, or anything in the statute aforesaid to the contrary in 
anywise notwithstanding, and notwithstanding any other statutes whatsoever, and notwitstanding any- 
thing in any statute, and notwithstanding some defects in not rightly naming the nature, kind, species, 
quantity, and quality of the premises, or any part thereof, although express mention, &c. In witness 
whereof these our letters we have caused to be made patent. Witness myself at Dublin, the 20th day 
of April, the 5th year of our reign. By Writ of Privy Seal. 

No. III. 

(igTH JAMES I.J, 1620. 

The King to all to whom, &C., greeting : Whereas, in certain letters patent, sealed with our Great 
Seal of Ireland, made in the 18th year of our reign of England, France, and Ireland, it is mentioned, 
that we, for the considerations contained in the same, for us^ our heirs and successors, by those letters 
patent, have given, granted, and confitrmed to our well-beloved and faithful servant. Sir James Hamil- 
ton, of Bangor, in our County of Down, in our kingdom of Ireland, Knight, one of our Privy Council 
of our said kingdom, his heirs and assigns for ever, amongst other things, all that the late dissolved 
Monastery or Abbey of Bangor, in the County of Down, in our said kingdom of Ireland, and the 
whole scite, circuit, ambit, and precinct of the said late Monastery, with every of their rights, 


XX General Appendix. 

members, and appurtenances, and all and singular the towns, villages, hamlets, places, messuages, 
lands, tenements, or hereditaments following, or known, called, or reputed by the names following, or 
lying, being, arising, or renewing in the towns, villages, hamlets, or places following, in our said 
County of Down, in our said kingdom of Ireland, namely : Bangor, Balliportavo alias Balliportabo, 
Ballifredor a//c7j- Ballipheoderly, Ballimeman alias BalUmenan, Ballowe, Ballivulleragh alias Balli- 
mulleragh, Ballicormagh ahas Ballimaccormick, Ballimackonnell, Ballicroghan, Ballihome alias Balli- 
niminagh, Ballinenoghwe alias Ballinaghie alias Ballimagwigh, Ballonery alias Ballinroigh, Carrows- 
laneclacaduffe alias Carowne-Knockanduffe, Callosueron alias Carrownesroyane, Carrownesor alias 
Carrownesuire, Carrownereogh alias Carrowreogh, Ballimooney-Carrogh alias Ballymeoney-Car- 
roghie, Rawgeile alias Ballyfragheguile, Ballinlisscbane, Ballinebarnes alias Ballibarnes, Ballycorne- 
deogh alias Ballincarnamleigh, Ballincelloer alias Ballikillar, Ballysallagh, BallimuUen, Balliorane 
alias Ballinegrene, Ballecrott, Ballyscally, Ballimeaghan, Ballimachoris, Ballimajor alias Ballimagher 
alias Ballimaser, with all and singular their appurtenances, and also all that Grange called i-rbegg in 
our County of Antrim, in our said kingdom of Ireland; and also all those islands called Copland Islands, 
lying and being near the Bay of Knockfergus, in the said County of Antrim, with all and singular 
their lands, tenements, and appurtenances ; and also the Rectory of Balliraghan alias Balliurgeghan, 
in Lecale, and Ballimeghan in the said County of Down, with all their rights and appurtenances 
whatsoever ; and also the advowsons of all Vicarages in all and singular the parishes, towns, or vil- 
lages above mentioned, with their tithes, offerings, and appurtenances whatsoever ; and also all tithes of 
grain and hay, and of all other things titheable, in a certain island called Raughlins, lying or being 
in the Irish Sea, near the Route, in the said County of Antrim ; and that we have also given, granted, 
and confirmed by the same our letters patent to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and 
assigns, all our towns, villages, messuages, lands, tenements, rents, and hereditaments whatsoever, in 
the territory or precinct of the Great Ardes and Upper Clandeboy, or cither of them, in our said 
County of Down, to the aforesaid late Monasteiy or Abbey of Bangor theretofore belonging or apper- 
taining, or as member, part, or parcel of the said late Monastery ever theretofore held or known, ac- 
cepted, occupied, used, or enjoyed, or ever theretofore being parcels of the possessions of the same 
late Monastery or Abbey; and also all and singular the tithes of grain and hay, and other titheable 
things whatsoever, in all and singular the towns, villages, hamlets, places, lands, and tenements afore- 
said, yearly arising, growing, or renewing, with every of their appurtenances, to the said late Monas- 
tery or Abbey of Bangor then or theretofore belonging or appertaining, and all other tithes whatsoever 
to the said late Monastery or Abbey of Bangor belonging or appertaining : And that we have also 
given, granted, and confirmed by the same our letters patent, for us, our heirs and successors, to the 
aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, all that lately dissolved Priory or Religious 
House of Holliwood, in our County of Down aforesaid, in our said Kingdom of Ireland, and the 
whole scite, circuit, ambit, and precinct of the said late Priory or Religious House of Holli- 
wood, with every of the rights, members, and appurtenances, and all those villages, hamlets, with 
the appurtenances, namely : — Ballikeel alias Ballikigill, Ballmanake alias Ballimanagh, Ballicul- 
track alias Ballicultra alias Ballactragah, Ballinderry alias Ballidery, and Ballierknocknegoney 
alias Ballynocknegony, lying and being in the aforesaid County of Down, with all and singu- 
lar their appurtenances and members whatsoever; and all our towns, villages, hamlets, messuages, 
lands, tenements, rents, and hereditaments whatsoever, ever theretofore belonging, or pertaining to the late 
Priory or Religious House of Holliwood, in the said County of Down, or as members, parts, or par- 
cels of the said late Priory, ever theretofore held, known, accepted, occupied, used, or enjoyed, or ever 
theretofore being parcels of the possessions of the same late Priory : Also all and singular the tithes 
of grain and hay, and of other titheable things whatsoever, in all and singular the towns, villages, 
places, lands, and tenements aforesaid, yearly arising, growing, or renewing, with every of their ap- 
purtenances, to the said late Priory or Religious House of Holliwood formerly belonging or pertain- 
ing : And that further, by our said letters patent, for us, our heirs and successors, we have given, 
granted, and confirmed to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, all and singu- 
lar the towns, villages, hamlets, places, messuages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments following, or 
known, called, or reputed by the names following, or lying, being, arising, or renewing in the towns, 
villages, hamlets, or places following, viz. : Ballirobert, Balliadavie, Ballinegreene, Cregevadagh, Ballcac- 
kamer, Ballegloghans alias Ballicloghan alias Ballinacloghan, Ballybein, Ballirustell, Ballinegrauch 
alias Ballinegraugheuagh, Ballymulready alias Ballinallore alias Ballenistanere, Ballelislein, Ballikeile, 

Letters Patent of 19TH James I. to James Hamilton. xxi 

BallituUehubbard, Ballibyn, Balligbastrum alias Glasdrumon, the half town of BaUidromaconnell (in 
Enghsh, called the half town of BaUidromachannell), the half town of Ballicregy, Ballidrumheriff, 
Ballichigill, Ballinacherleskowe alias BaUinaghereskovve, Balligowan alias Balliegowne, Ballicarrick- 
manan, the half town of Balliravarra, the half town of Balhachinderragh (in English the half town of 
Achinderragh), Ballitullaghtlnan alias Ballitullachapman, Balliglontneglare, the half town of Ballina- 
crevie alias BaUinecrevegh (in English the half town of Ballincreive), the half town of Ballikillinchie 
«//aj Ballikilhnsee (in English the half towne of BaUikillinchie), and the half town of Balligraffan ; 
and also the towns of Ballicarrowreigh, Ballidunlady, Ballinregin alias Balliregny, Ballydowne- 
donnell, Ballinechalleine, Ballisnekah alias Ballisnesca, Ballicastellanbeg, Ballimonnecarvel alias 
Balliurnicarvel, Ballilisbradan, Ballineraine, and Balliorane, the which last mentioned premises are 
situate, lying, and being in the territory or precinct called the Upper Clandeboy, in the aforesaid 
County of Down, in our said kingdom of Ireland : And that, further, we have given, granted, and con- 
firmed by our said letters patent, to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, all 
the messuages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, situate, lying, and being, arising, or renewing in 
the town of Balliwalter, in the aforesaid territory or precinct of the Great Ardes, in the aforesaid 
County of Down, with every of their appurtenances : And that we have also, given, granted, and con- 
firmed by our said letters patent, to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, all 
and singular the manors, castles, messuages, towns, villages, hamlets, lands, tenements, and heredita- 
ments whatsoever, with every of their rights, members, and appurtenances, in the aforesaid territory 
or precinct of the Great Ardes, in the same County of Down, situate, lying, and being in the southern 
part or side of the same territory or precinct of the Great Ards aforesaid, divided by the metes and 
bounds following, namely, beginning at the mete or march between the Grey Abbie and the Great 
Ardes, in the middle, or neare the middle, of a certain moor or marsh, in English a " bogg," at the 
southern end of the " scrogges" or shrubbs in the moor or marsh aforesaid, the which moor or marsh 
is called Coronownowan, and is the division, in English " the march," between the lands of the Grey 
Abbie and the Great Ards, and from thence towards the north-east by a certain ditch or rivulet, in 
English a " trench or dike," in the middle or near the middle of said moor, equally between two islands 
called Island Vicar on the southern part, and Horse Island on the northern part, and so from thence 
towards the east and north-east, by the said ditch or rivulet, in the middle of the said moor or marsh, 
as far as the ford or passage called Akillburghtane, and being at the fountain or source of a certain 
rivulet called Ownegamure, the which rivulet is the mete or division between the two, about the middle 
of the aforesaid territory or precinct of the Great Ardes aforesaid, as far as where the rivulet aforesaid 
falls into the Irish Sea : And that we have also given, granted, and confirmed by our same letters 
patent, to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, all and singular the manors, 
castles, towns, villages, hamlets, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, as well spiritual as tem- 
poral, in the aforesaid territories or precincts of the Upper Clandeboye and the Great Ardes afore- 
said, or in either of them, or elsewhere in the aforesaid County of Down, with every of their rights, 
members, and appurtenances, being in the occupation of the said James, or of his tenants, or of 
which the said James Hamilton then received the rents or profits, whether by reason or pretext 
of any our letters patent to the said James by us theretofore made or granted, or mentioned to be 
made or granted, and which the same James then had, held^ or occupied for his portion of a division, 
or by any division, or by reason of any division between the said Sir James Hamilton, Knight, and 
Sir Hugh Montgomery, of Newton, in the aforesaid County of Down, Knight, theretofore made or men- 
tioned to be made, as by the same letters patent (amongst other things) more fully is shown and 

And, whereas, the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, has, holds, and enjoys, or ought to have, 
hold, and enjoy, in the premises above recited, divers hberties, franchises, immunities, and acquittances, 
by virtue of other our letters patent heretofore made to him : Know ye, that we, for and in consider- 
ation of the good, true, faithful, and acceptable service to us, by the aforesaid James Hamilton, 
Knight, heretofore done and performed, being wilhng to extend our royal grace and munificence, as 
well in confirming the said liberties and privileges, as also in granting other things anew, as it shall 
seem to us best to be done, to the same James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, of our special grace, 
and from our certain knowledge, and mere motion. We have given and granted, and by these presents, 
for us, our heirs and successors, we ordain and constitute, that henceforth for ever there may and shall 
be a maritime port in and upon, and near the sea, near to and at the aforesaid town of Bangor, and 

jucii General Appendix. 

that the said port may and shall be named, called, and deemed the port of the town of Bangor ; and 
that the roadsteads or creeks of Gilgroomes, and HoUiwood, may and shall be accounted members of 
the said port of Bangor : And that there may and shall be a maritime port in and upon and near the 
sea, near to and at the aforesaid town of Balliwalter, in the Great Ards aforesaid, and that the Said port 
may and shall be called, named, and deemed the port of the town of Balliwalter : And that in like 
manner there may and shall be a maritime port in and upon and near the sea, near to and at the town- 
of Killilcagh, in The Duifrine, and that the said port may and shall be named, called, and deemed the 
port of the town of Killileagh ; and that the roadstead or creek of Carrownesuire, within the lands of 
Comber, may and shall be accounted a member of the said port of Killileagh : And the aforesaid mari- 
time port in, at, or near Bangor aforesaid, and the other maritime port in, at, or near Balliwalter aforesaid, 
and the aforesaid other maritime port in, at, or near Killileagh aforesaid, for us, our heirs and suc- 
cessors. We make, ordain, erect, create, and establish, by these presents, and that the aforesaid port of 
Bangor, with its members aforesaid, and the aforesaid port of Ballywalter, and the aforesaid port of 
Killileagh, with its members aforesaid, may and shall be, and each of them, may and shall be a port, 
and that the ports, roadsteads, and creeks aforesaid, and each of them, may and shall be a port for the 
plying, arrival, and stationing of ships, boats, and other vessels, and for the loading and unloading of 
all and all manner of goods, wares, and merchandise, whatsoever, to be imported as well as exported, 
at the times therefor ordained in other ports, by the laws and statutes of our said kingdom of Ireland, 
with all and all manners of rights, jurisdictions, free customs and privileges, to a port or poi'ts belong- 
ing due, or to be due : We will, however, and, firmly enjoining. We command and establish that all 
and singular, merchants, seamen, and all other persons whatsoever, importing or conveying any goods, 
wares, or merchandise to and into the ports aforesaid, or either, or any of them, or to and into any of 
the members or creeks of the said ports, or any or either of them, from foreign ports, for the purpose 
of traffic, or exporting any goods, wares, or merchandise, from or out of the ports aforesaid, or either, 
or any of them, or from or out of any member or creek of the aforesaid ports, or any or either of them, 
to foreign ports, for the purpose of traffic, in any ship, boat, or other vessel whatsoever, shall pay and 
satisfy to us, our heirs and successors, or the officers, deputies, or ministers of us, our heirs and successors, 
in that behalf to be lawfully authorised appointed, all and all manner of customs, subsidies, and im- 
positions due and to become due for such goods, merchandise, and wares, so to be imported or 
exported before they shall go or depart from or out of the said ports, or any of them, or from or out 
of any member or creek of the same, or of any of them, or shall be there unladen or discharged, under 
the pain of the contempt of our royal mandate, and of the penalties due for such contempt of our royal 
mandate, and under the pain of the forfeiture of all such goods, merchandise, and wares, to us, our 
heirs and successors, anything in these presents contained to the contrary notwithstanding. 

We have also given, and granted, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, We give, 
and grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, that the aforesaid James 
Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, may, and may be able to have, enjoy, and receive all and 
singular plankages, anchorages, wharfages, cranages, fees, and profits, due or payable of and for all or 
any ships, skiffs, boats, and row boats, in the aforesaid ports, or any of them, or the members thereof, 
or any of them, plying, casting anchor, laden or unladen upon the wharfs, banks, or soil, of the afore- 
said James Hamilton, Knight, his heir or assigns, without account or any other thing therefor, to us, 
our heirs or successors, in any manner to be rendered, paid or done. 

And further, we will, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, we give and grant, 
to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, that he, his heirs and assigns, may 
have and hold, and may be able to have and hold, within the aforesaid town of Bangor, the hberty 
and precincts of the same, a court leet and view of frankpledge, and all such things Avhich belong or 
may or should belong to a court leet and view of frankpledge of all the inhabitants and residents within 
the aforesaid lands of the aforesaid abbey of Bangor mentioned to be belonging, twice yearly, namely, 
once within the month next after the feast of Easter, and again within the month next after the feast of 
St. Michael the Archangel, before a seneschal or seneschals, by the said James Hamilton, his heirs or 
assigns, to be nominated and appointed : Also a court leet, view of frankpledge, and all things which 
to a court leet or view of frankpledge pertain, or hereafter may or should belong, within the aforesaid 
town of Holliwood, the liberties and precincts thereof of all the inhabitants and residents within the 
aforesaid lands of the aforesaid Priory of Holliwood mentioned to be belonging, and within all other 
the aforesaid lands in the precinct of the Upper Clandeboy, in the said kingdom of Ireland, twice a 

Letters Patent of ipTH James I. to James Hamilton. xxiii 

year as is aforesaid, before a seneschal or seneschals of the said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs or 
assigns, to be nominated and appointed ; and all the fines, issues, and amerciaments of the said courts 
leet, or views of frankpledge, or in the same, or any of them, to be forfeited or assessed to the afore- 
said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns. 

We have also given and granted, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, We give, 
and grant, that the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, may have and enjoy, and 
each of them may have and enjoy, within the aforesaid towns, villages, hamlets, lands, tenements' and 
hereditaments above mentioned, and by the aforesaid letters patent so as aforesaid mentioned to be 
granted, and every parcel thereof, a free warren, and free chase, and all that which to a free warren 
and free chase pertains or belongs, or hereafter may belong ; also the liberty of making several parks 
or chases in all his woods and 4ands whatsoever, or any parcel thereof, so as aforesaid mentioned to be 
granted to the said James HamiUon, Knight, altho'the said towns, villages, lands, tenements, and here- 
ditaments, may or shall be, or any parcel thereof are, is, or shall be within our forest, so that no person 
shall enter into the said towns, villages, hamlets, lands, tenements, woods, or hereditaments, or any 
parcel thereof, to hunt or chase, or to take anything there which pertains to a warren, park, or chase, 
without the license of the said James Hamilton, his heirs or assigns. 

We have also given and granted, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, we give 
and grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, that he, his heirs and 
assigns, henceforth for ever, may have, hold, and enjoy, and may be able to have, hold, and enjoy, all 
and singular goods and chattels, waifs, and estrays ; also, all and singular deodands, and goods and 
chattels of felons and fugitives, /^/<7«j- de se, outlawed, waived, and put in exigent, and of other felons 
whatsoever, within the aforesaid territories, towns, villages, hamlets, lands, tenements, and heredita- 
ments aforesaid, and every parcel thereof, or the liberties or precincts of the same, or of any of them, 
found or to be found, and henceforth there happening to be, and all the fines, issues, and amerciaments 
of all the men and tenants, and other inhabitants within the said territories, lands, tenements, and 
hereditaments, so as aforesaid mentioned to be granted to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his 
heirs and assigns, so that the said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, themselves, or by 
their bailiffs or ministers, or their bailiff or minister, may levy, have, possess, and receive all the afore- 
said fines, issues, amerciaments, goods, and chattels, to their proper use and behoof, without the 
hindrance or impediment of us, our heirs or successors, or of any of the officers or ministers of us, our 
heirs or successors, and without account of any other thing thereout to us, our heirs or successors, or 
to any other person, to be rendered. 

We have also granted, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, We grant to the 
aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, that he, his heirs and assigns, henceforth 
for ever, may have and appoint a clerk or clerks of the market within the aforesaid territories, towns, 
villages, hamlets, lands, tenements, and hereditaments above in these presents mentioned, and by our 
aforesaid letters patent so as is aforesaid mentioned to be granted, and the liberties and precincts 
thereof, to do there all that which to the office of clerk of the market of the household of us, our heirs 
and successors, is pertaining to be done ; and that the said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, 
by the said clerk or clerks of the market, may have in the said towns, villages, lands, tenements, and 
hereditaments, and the liberties and precincts thereof, the assize and assay of bread, wine, and ale, and of 
all other victuals, measures, and weights whatsoever, and of all other things which to the office of 
clerk of the market of the household of us, our heirs or successors, pertains, or hereafter may pertain, 
with the punishment thereof, and whatsoever to that office pertains, or hereafter may pertain, to be 
done and executed as often as, and whensoever it shall be, needful, as fully, freely, and wholly, and in 
as ample manner and form as the same clerk of the household of us, our heirs or successors, should or 
ought to do if this our present grant had not been made ; and that the same James Hamilton, Knight, 
his heirs ^nd assigns, may and shall have to their proper use, without account, all the amerciaments, 
fines, and other profits thereout arising, or to be assessed or placed before such clerk of the market to 
be received and levied by him or them, or their minister or ministers, without the hindrance, distur- 
bance, or impediment of us, our heirs and successors, or of the clerk of the market, or other officer 
or minister of us, our heirs or successors, whomsoever, so that the aforesaid clerk of the market of the 
household of us, our heirs or successors, shall not enter the aforesaid towns, villages lands, tenements, 
or hereditaments, or in anything there intermeddle to do or exercise any thing there which to his 
office pertains, or hereafter may pertain in any manner. 

xxiv General Appendix. 

And further, We will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, We give and grant to 
the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, that he, the aforesaid James Hamilton, 
Knight, his heirs and assigns, may have, hold, and keep, and each of them may have, hold, and keep 
for ever, in and within the afoi-esaid town of Ballywalter, in the Great Ardes aforesaid, a court of re- 
cord ; also another court of record in and within the aforesaid town of Bangor ; also another court of 
record in and within the aforesaid town of Killileagh, in the Duffrin aforesaid ; the said several courts 
to be held respectively every three weeks, before the seneschal or seneschals of the said James Hamil- 
ton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, by him or them, or any of them, from time to time, to be nominated 
and appointed, and that in every of the aforesaid couits, the aforesaid seneschal or seneschals may 
have full power and authority of hearing and determining, by suit to be begun in the same court, all 
and all manner of pleas, actions, suits, and personal demands whatsoever, of all trespasses, debts, 
accounts, pleas upon the case, suits, agreements, compromises, the detaining of charters, writings, 
muniments, and chattels, the taking and detaining of beasts and cattle, and of forbidden pledges, and 
other things and actions personal whatsoever, out of whatsoever causes or things within the afore- 
said towns of Ballywalter, Bangor, and Killileagh, the liberties or precincts thereof respectively 
done, moved, had, or perpetrated, or hereafter to be done, moved, had, or perpetrated, or 
there respectively happening or occurring, provided the said debts, accounts, trespasses, con- 
tracts, agreements, and other actions and pleas in debt or damages do not exceed the sum 
of ten pounds sterling ; and that the said seneschal or seneschals, from time to time, upon 
such complaints, pleas, suits, and actions, may have power, authority, and faculty, to bring in the 
defendants against whom such suits, pleas, or actions in the courts aforesaid respectively, shall happen 
to be levied or moved, by summons, attachments, and distresses, to be dissected to the bailifts or 
ministers of the said James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns for the time being, and by him or them 
or any of them, from time to time to be nominated and appointed ; and, for default of the chattels and 
lands of such defendants, within the aforesaid towns or any of them respectively, the liberties or pre- 
cincts thereof, where or by which they cannot be summoned, attached, or distrained, by the attach- 
ment and caption of their bodies ; and to hear and determine all and singular the several actions, suits, 
and pleas aforesaid, and to entertain and determine them by such process, judgments, and executions 
of judgments, as the like pleas may be entertained and determined in any court of any city, borough, 
or town in the said kingdom of Ireland ; and there maybe made and had execution of process, and of 
judgments by the aforesaid bailiffs and ministers of the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and 
assigns; and that the said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, from time to time may have 
all the amerciaments, fines, and other profits arising, growing, and happening from the aforesaid courts 
of record, and every of them, to be imposed, assessed, or forfeited in the same courts, and every or 
any of them, to be received and levied by the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, 
or his or their ministers, to the sole and proper use and behoof of the said James Hamilton, Knight, 
his heirs and assigns for ever, without the hindrance of us, our heirs or successors, or of any of the 
officers or ministers of us, our heirs or successors whomsoever, and without account or any other 
thing therefor to us, our heirs or successors, in any manner to be rendered, paid, or made : And more- 
over, \Ve will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and succesors. We grant to the aforesaid James 
Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, that hereafter for ever, there may and shall be within 
each of the aforesaid towns of Bangor, Ballywalter, and Killileagh, one or more officer or officers, mi- 
nister or rninistcrs, as the case may require, and at the discretion of the aforesaid James Hamilton, 
Knight, his heirs and assigns, to be limited, who may be, shall be, and shall be called a bailiff, or bail-, 
ifts, to serve in the courts of the said several town respectively, and to make and execute procla- 
mations, arrests, distresses, and executions, processes, and mandates, and other business to the office 
of a. bailiff or bailiffs pertaining, in the said several towns, or any of them respectively happening, 
arising, or occurring, the which said bailiffs from time to time shall be appointed, nominated, and 
chosen by the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns : We will, however, that the said bailiffs, 
or any of them, before they or any of them shall be admitted to the execution of the office aforesaid, 
shall take, and each of them shall take a corporal oath upon the holy evangelists of God, to execute, 
that office well and faithfully, according to the true intent of these presents ; and that, after such oath 
so taken, they may be able to execute and exercise that office during the pleasure of the aforesaid 
James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns : We will also, and by these presents, for us, our heirs 
and successors, ordain and constitute that the aforesaid seneschals of the courts aforesaid resectively, 

Letters Patent of 19TH James I. to James Hamilton. "xxv 

shall likewise take a corporal oath, upon the holy evangelists of God, well and faithfullv to execute, 
all things to the office of seneschals pertaining ; and, that this our intention may have the better effect, 
for us, our heirs and successors. We give and grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his 
heirs and assigns, full power and authority to nominate, constitute, and make as well their senes- 
chals as baihffs aforesaid by virtue of these presents, to be made as often as it shall seem to be ne- 
cessary to the said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns : Also we give and grant to the 
said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, the like authority to administer a corporal oath 
to the said seneschals, and each of them, from time to time to execute their office well and faithfully in 
all things, and by all things to the o»ffice of seneschal pertaining, and this without any other warrant 
or commission therefor to be obtained or prosecuted from us, our heirs or successors : And further, by 
these presents, for us, our heirs and successors. We give and grant to each seneschal of a court 
within the aforesaid towns of Bangor, Ballywalter, and Killileagh respectively, (his oath of office of 
seneschal being first taken) the power and authority of giving and administering a corporal oath to the 
baihff or bailifts so as is aforesaid to be nominated to serve in the same several courts and towns, to 
execute his office and their offices in like manner well and faithfully, and this also without any other 
warrant or commission from us, our heirs or successors, to be procured or obtained : We will also, and 
by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors. We grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, 
his heirs and assigns, that he, his heirs and assigns, hereafter for ever may have a prison within the 
aforesaid town of Ballywalter, the liberties or precincts of the same ; also another prison within the 
aforesaid town of Bangor ; and also another prison within the aforesaid town of Killileagh : for the 
safe custody, retention, and incarceration of all and singular the persons to be committed to the 
said prisons, or any of them, for debt, damage, contempt, or any action, execution, or thing what- 
soever determinable in the aforesaid courts of record, or any of them respectively, or to be adjudged 
and determined in the same courts, or any of them, and according to the law of our said kingdom 
of Ireland ; and that the said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, may name, make, and 
appoint sufficient keepers of the said prisons, and each of them, from time to time for ever, any law, 
custom, use, or other thing to the contrary notwithstanding. 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, and from our certain knowledge, and mere 
motion, We have given and granted to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, 
that it may and shall be lawful for the said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, from time 
to time to transfer and import into the aforesaid towns, villages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, 
above in these presents mentioned, and by the aforesaid letters patent before granted or mentioned to 
be granted, or into any parts thereof, men, cattle, grain, and all and all manner of commodities, as 
well for defence as for the use and maintenance of the said James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and 
assigns, and of the men, tenants, dwellers, and residents, and of those hereafter dwelling within the 
said towns, villages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, or any parcel thereof, without any forfeiture, 
seizure, pain, penalty, or damage to be incurred, paid, or made towards us, our heirs or successors, on 
account of the premises, saving to us, our heirs and successors, the imposts of wine, and of other 
merchandise, and the subsidies and customs due and accustomed for the same. We not being willing 
that the aforesaid James HamiUon, his heirs or assigns, or any other persons, or any of the men, 
tenants, residents, or dwellers, or those who may dwell within the said towns, villages, lands, tenements, 
and hereditaments, or any part or parcel thereof, their heirs, executors, or administrators, by reason of 
the premises, should be hindered, molested, impeded, or in any manner aggrieved by us, our heirs or 
successors, or by the justices, escheators, sheriffs, bailiffs, customers, or other officers or ministers of 
us, our heirs or successors whomsoever, therefor in any manner, any statute, act, ordinance, restriction, 
prohibition, use, law, or any other thing, cause, or matter, to the contrary thereof made, done, ordamed, 
used, or pi-ovided in any manner notwithstanding. 

And further, of our more ample and special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, for us, 
our heirs and successors. We give and grant to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and 
assigns, being English or Scotch, or of English or Scotch blood, and not mere Irish, full authority, 
faculty, license, and power, that it may and shall be lawful for the aforesaid James Hamilton, his 
heirs and assigns, and each of them, being English or Scotch, or of English or Scotch blood, to trans- 
port, export, ship, carrv, load, and unload from any part of our said kingdom of Ireland, to all and 
singular regions and kingdoms under or in the friendship of us, our heirs or successors, for the time 
being, all and all manner of grain, commodities, profits, emoluments, and things whatever (lynnen 

jtxvi General Appendix. 

yarne excepted) hereafter arising, growing, emerging, imported, or to be made in or within the afore- 
said towns,' villages, lands, tenements, and premises, so as aforesaid mentioned to be granted by the 
aforesaid letters patent, or any parcel thereof, without any punishment, penalty, seizure, or forfeiture 
thereof to be made, rendered, paid, or incurred to us, our heirs or successors, or to be had or levied 
by us, our heirs or successors, or the officers or ministers of us, our heirs or successors whomsoever, 
by reason of the premises ; saving also always to us, our heirs and successors, the customs and imposts 
of wine, and of other merchandise and subsidies, due or to become due for the same, unless we, our 
heirs or successors, or the Deputy, Justiciary, or Governor-General of our said Kingdom of Ireland for 
the time being, or the Council of us, our heirs or successors, there upon any special cause shall esteem 
it to be fit and necessary to prohibit or restrict the transportation of the said grain or commodities to 
any reasonable time, We being unwilling that the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs or 
assigns, or any of them, by reason of the same premises should be therefor hindered, molested, impeded, 
vexed, or in any manner aggrieved by us, our heirs or successors, or by the justices, escheators, 
sheriffs, bailiffs, customers, or other officers of us, our heirs or successors whomsoever, any statute, 
ordinance, use, or custom heretofore had, made, published, ordained, or provided, or any other thing, 
cause, or matter whatsoever to the contrary thereof in any manner notwithstanding. 

And further, of our more abundant and special grace, and from our certain knowledge, and mere 
motion, we have given, granted, and confirmed, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, 
We give, grant, and confirm, to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, full and 
absolute license, power, and authority, that he, the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and 
assigns, from time to time hereafter for ever, at his or their will and pleasure, may and may be able to 
assign, alien, grant, demise, enfeoff, and acknowledge by fine or fines, recovery or recoveries, or in 
any other manner whatsoever, all and singular the aforesaid territories, towns, hamlets, rectories, 
messuages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, or any parcel thereof, to any person or 
persons, being English or Scotch, or of the English or Scotch blood, not being mere Irish, willing to 
take or receive them, and to hold to the same person or persons willing to take or receive them, their 
heirs and assigns, in fee simple, or fee tail, to be held of the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his 
heirs and assigns, by so many such and the like services, customs, and rents, as to the said James 
Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, shall seem fitting ; and to the same person and persons, and 
each and every of them, We give, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors. We grant, 
license, authorit}^ and power, that such person or persons may receive the premises, or any parcel 
thereof, of the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, and hold them to him and 
them, and to his heirs and assigns, of any hereditary estate, in fee simple, or fee tail, also to hold them 
to them, their heirs and assigns, of any estate of freehold, for a term of life, lives, or years, or otherwise, 
as to the same James Hamilton, his heirs or assigns, shall seem expedient, the statute in the Parlia- 
ment of our Lord Edward the First, late King of England, our ancestor, published, commonly called 
the statute of " Quia emptores tcrrarHm," or any other statute, act, ordinance, use, law, or custom, 
or any other thing, cause, or matter, to the contrary thereof in anywise notwithstanding. We being 
unwilling that such or such like persons, or any of them, or their heirs or assigns, or the aforesaid 
James Hamilton, or his heirs or assigns, either by reason of the premises, or of any of them, should 
be hindered, molested, impeded, vexed, or in any manner aggrieved, by us, our heirs or successors, or 
by the justices, sheriffs, escheators, bailiffs, officers, or ministers of us, our heirs or successors, whom- 
soever, in any manner. 

And further, of our more ample special grace, and from our certain knowledge, and mere motion. We 
have given and granted, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors. We give and grant to the 
aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, being the English or Scotch, or of English or 
Scotch blood, whilst they shall remain in their allegiance and fealty towards us, our heirs and successors, 
the faculty, power, and authority, from time to time, to build, repair, sustain, and find, and to rebuild, in 
and within the aforesaid territories, lands, tenements, and hereditaments aforesaid, so often as it shall 
seem expedient to them the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, so many, such, 
and such like castles, forts, houses, edifices, defences, and bulwarks, of, in, or upon any of the several 
parcels of the said premises, and to embattle and fortify the same, as and in such manner as to the afore- 
said James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns aforesaid, being English or Scotch, or of the English or 
Scotch blood, as is aforesaid, or to any of them shall seem expedient, and in such castles, forts, 
houses, defences, and bulwarks, to place, put, renew, remove, and constitute so many such and such 

Letters Patent of 19TH James I. to James Hamilton. xxvii 

like arms, guns, weapons, and other munitions whatsoever, and in the same castles, forts, houses, de- 
fences, and bulwarks, to constitute and place such and so many armed and unarmed men being in our 
faith and obedience, for the defence or protection of the said castles, forts, houses, defences, and bul- 
warks, for ever, as to the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, as is aforesaid, 
shall seem expedient, any statute, act, ordinance, use, law, or custom to the contrary thereof, in any- 
wise notwithstanding : We also will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, we firmly 
grant and command that the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, being English 
or Scotch, or of the English or Scotch blood, as aforesaid, may have and hold, and each of them 
have and hold, all and singular the gifts, grants, liberties, acquittances, franchises, and immunities 
aforesaid, without the hindrance, impediment, disturbance, molestation, or grievance of us, our heirs 
or successors, the justices, escheators, sheriffs, or other bailiffs or ministers of us, our heirs or suc- 
cessors, whomsoever. 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, and from our certain knowledge and mere mo- 
tion. We will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors. We grant to tlie aforesaid James 
Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, that he, his heirs and assigns, may have and enjoy all the 
premises as is aforesaid, and upon the showing and demonstration of these our letters patent, or the 
enrolment thereof, as well before us in the Chancery of us, our heirs and successors, as before the 
Justices of either Bench of us, our heirs and successors, of our kingdom of Ireland, and before the 
Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer of us, our heirs and successors, within our said kingdom of 
Ireland, also before the Justices and Commissioners of us, our heirs and successors, as well in all and 
singular the courts of us, our heirs and successors, and the places of record within our said kingdom 
of Ireland, as in any other courts and places whatsoever throughout the whole kingdom of Ireland, 
for any thing or things contained or specified in these our letters patent, that these letters patent, 
and all the grants in the same contained, at once and immediately may be allowed to the aforesaid 
James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns : And that the aforesaid treasurer, barons, justices, 
commissioners, and others whomsoever to whom it shall pertain, may make, or shall cause to be made, 
due allowance of all and singular the premises from time to time, and that he, the aforesaid James 
Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, may have liberty of naming, and of giving names to all and 
singular the castles, towns, hamlets, places, and lands aforesaid, and each of them, and that the same 
premises, and every parcel thereof, so as aforesaid named, shall be called, named, accepted, and deemed 
as well in all the courts and places aforesaid as elsewhere, by such name and names as the aforesaid 
James Hamilton, his heirs or assigns, shall give or attribute to the said castles or premises, or any of 
them, any ordinance, nomination, appellation, name or names of the premises, or any parcel thereof, 
to the contrary thereof in anywise notwithstanding. 

And further, of our more abundant special grace, and from our certain knowledge and mere mo- 
tion. We will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, We grant to the aforesaid James 
Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, that the aforesaid James Hamilton, his heirs and assigns, 
may have and enjoy all the premises as is aforesaid, and that these our letters patent, or the enrol- 
ment thereof, shall be in all things firm, valid, good, sufficient, and efi'"ectual in the law against us, our 
heirs and successors, as well in ail our courts as elsewhere within our kingdom aforesaid, without any 
confirmation, license, or toleration of us, our heirs or successors, by the aforesaid James Hamilton, 
Knight, his heirs and assigns, or any of them,. to be procured or obtained, notwithstanding the ill 
naming, or ill reciting, or not reciting, or not naming, the aforesaid monasteries, abbeys, priories, 
rectories, granges, towns, villages, hamlets, territories, places, precincts, lands, tenements, and here- 
ditaments, and other the premises, or any parcel thereof, and notwithstanding the not finding, or ill 
finding of the office or offices, or inquisition or inquisitions, of the premises, or of any parcel 
thereof, by which the title of us, or of any of our progenitors or ancestors, should have been found 
before the making of these our letters patent, and notwithstanding the ill naming, ill reciting, or not 
reciting any demise or demises, grant or grants, for a term or terms of life, lives, or years, or in fee 
tail, or otherwise of the premises, or of any parcel thereof, by us or by any of our progenitors or 
ancestors, or by any other person or persons heretofore made to[^ any other person or persons, being 
of record or not of record, and notwithstanding the ill naming or not naming any town, hamlet, 
parish, place, or county, in which the premises or any parcel thereof are situate, lying, or being, 
and notwithstanding that of the names of the tenants, farmers, or occupiers of the premises, or 
of any parcel thereof, full, true, and certain mention be not made, and notwithstanding any defects 

xxviii General Appendix. 

of the certainty or computation, or declaration, or omission of the true yearly value of the premises, or 
of any parcel thereof, or of the yearly rents reserved of, in, and upon the premises, or for any parcel 
thereof, in these our letters patent expressed and contained, or not expressed, and notwithstanding 
any other defects whatsoever, and notwithstanding the statute in the Parliament of Lord Henry the 
Sixth, late King of England, our ancestor, in the i8th year of his reign, made and published at West- 
minster, and in our said kingdom of Ireland, amongst others, established and confirmed ; and notwith- 
standing any other statute, or any other statutes whatsoever, and notwithstanding any defects in the 
not certainly naming the nature, kind, species, quantity, or quality of the premises, or any parcel 

And further. We will, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, grant, that he, the 
aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and assigns, hereafter for ever, may have, hold, and 
keep, and may be able to have, hold, and keep yearly within the aforesaid town of Carrownesuire, 
within the lands of Cumber aforesaid, in the aforesaid territory or precinct of the Upper Clandeboy, 
and the libertie or precincts of the same town, two fairs or markets, the first of the said fairs or markets 
yearly to begin on the 17th day of March, and for all that day and two other days immediately follow- 
ing to be continued and to last ; and the second fair or market, of the aforesaid two fairs or markets, 
to begin on the feast or day of St. Bartholomew, the Apostle, yearly, and to be continued and to last 
for the entire of that day or feast, and for the two other days immediately following ; together with 
courts of piepowder there to be held at the time of the aforesaid fairs or markets, and with all the 
liberties and free customs, tolls, stallages, pickages, fines, amerciaments, and all other profits, commo- 
dities, and emoluments whatsoever to such fairs or markets, and courts of piepowder pertaining, hap- 
pening, incident, or belonging : Wherefore we will, and, by these presents, for us, our heirs and suc- 
cessors, firmly We command and direct, that the aforesaid James Hamilton, Knight, his heirs and 
assigns hereafter for ever, yearly and every year, may have, hold, and keep, and may be and be able 
to have, hold, and keep, in or within the aforesaid town of Carrownesuire, and the hberties or precincts 
thereof aforesaid, two markets, the first of the said fairs or markets yearly to begin on the aforesaid 
17th day of March, and to be continued and to last for the entire of that day and the two other days 
immediately following ; and the other fair of the aforesaid two fairs or markets, to be begun on the 
aforesaid feast or day of St. Bartholomew, the Apostle, and to be continued and to last for the whole 
of that day or feast and the two days immediately following, together with the court of piepowder 
there to be held at the time of the said fairs or markets, and with all the liberties and tree customs, 
tolls, stallages, pickages, fines, amerciaments, and all other profits, commodities, and emoluments 
whatsoever, to such fairs or markets and courts of piepowder belonging or pertaining, and this without 
any writ o{ Ad quod damnimi, or any other writ, commission, or inquisition in that behalf to be ob- 
tained, prosecuted, or returned, and without any molestation, grievance, impediment, or contradiction 
of us, our heirs or successors, or of any of the officers or ministers of us, our heirs or successors whom- 
soever, although express mention, &c. In testimony of which, &c. Witness the King at Westminster, 
minster, the 14th day of March, in the 19th year of our Reign, &c. By Writ of Privy Seal, &c. 

This is a true and authenticated copy from the original 
record remaining in the Chapel of the Rolls, having 
been examined by 

H. J. Sharpe, 

Assistant Keeper of the Public Records. 

IT th July, 1852. 

No. IV. 


An Inquisition taken at Downepatrick, within the Countie of Downe aforesaid, upon the 13th day 
of October, Anno Domini, 1623, and in the year of the raigne of our Sovereign Lord James, by the 
grace of God, of England, France, and Ireland, King, defender of the faith, &c., the one and twentieth, 
and of Scotland the seven and tiftieth, before Sir John Blenerhasset, Knt., Lord Chief Baron of 
his Majesty's Court of Exchequer, in this his said realm of Ireland, Sir Christopher Sibthorpe, Knt., 
Second Justice of his Majesty's Court of Chiefe Place within the said realme, Richard West, Walter 
Ivers, Esquires, and Stephen Allen, Esq., Deputie Escheator of the said province of Ulster, Com- 
missioners of our said Sovereign Lord the King, by virtue of His Highness's Commission under the 
Great Seal of His Highness's said realm of Ireland, bearing date at Dublin, the 27th day of June, in 
the said one and twentieth year of His Majesty's said raigne of England, France, and Ireland, to them 
the said Commissioners and others, or anie foure or more of them, in that behalf directed, and 
to this Inquisition annexed, by the oathes of good and lawful men of the said countie, whose names 
are underwritten, viz., Nicholas Ward, of Castleward, Esq., George Russell, of RathmuUen, Gent., 
Richard Russell, of Rossglass, Gent., Simon Jordan, of Dansford, Gent., Owen M'Rowry, of Clogher, 
jun., Gent., Robert Sword, of Rathcolp, Gent., Patrick M'Cartan, of B. Keene, Gent., Patrick M'Cor- 
mick, of Killescolban, Gent., George Russell, of Ouoniamstown, Gent., Ferdorogh Magines, of 
Clonvaraghan, junior, Gent., Owen M'Cartan, of Lisenguy, Gent., John Russell, of Killogh, Gent., 
James Audley, of Audleystown, Gent., Bryan M'Ever Magines, of Shanker, Gent., Shane iM'Br\'an, of 
Ballintegart, Gent., whoe being duly sworne upon theire oathes doe saie as followcth, viz. : That the 
territorie or countrie of Clandeboy, in the said Countie of Downe, hath her metes, bounds, and lymitts 
in form iollowing, viz., towards and nigh to the north-west part of the territorie aforesaid the river of 
Laggan, which hath his course immediately into the baye of Knockfergus, is the most knowne bound 
of the territory aforesaid, and runneth betweene the lands of the same and other parcells of lands or 
countrie called Maloane, and Fallfeloagh, Kilultagh, and M'Shane Oge's country in Kilultagh, in the 
county aforesaid ; and the same river is the mete betweene the said territory for eight miles or there- 
abouts, that is to say, from the foord of Belfast until the same cometh into another river called the 
Garricklogh ; and from thence, towards the south and south-west part of the river of Garricklogh 
aforesaid, is the most knowne mete between the lands of the Upper Clandeboy aforesaid and Kil- 
warlin, in the countrie ciforesaid, contynuing his course five myles or thereabouts, until the said river 
falleth into the loghe called Loghanny, in which Towell M'Pheland M'Ever dwelleth, and the said logh 
hath half a mile or thereabouts in length in the territory aforesaid ; and from the west and south parts 
of the said logh neare unto the said logh, lyeth the bog of Dorney, through the middlest of which bog 
or moor the mete aforesaid extendeth directly between the lands of the Upper Clandeboy aforesaid, 
and the territory called M 'Garten's country, in the county af